Chapter 10: Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650s - ??) of Gloucester & Spotsylvania Counties, Virginia
Generations I - III
DESCENDANTS OF I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
I. Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
II. Matthew Jr. (Living 1705)
III. Matthew (Est. 1690 - 1779) m. Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779)
IV. Matthew (1727 - 1800) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
V. Josiah (1746 - ??) m. Elizabeth Bartlett
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??) m. Susan White
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Polly (?? - ??)
VI. Sally (?? - ??)
VI. Frankie (?? - ??)
VI. Phoebe (?? - ??)
V. Robert Dudley (1748 - 1815) m. Judith White
VI. Matthew (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??)
VI. Ann (?? - ??)
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Another unknown
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt
[Children from marriage 1]
VI. Matthew (1774 - ??) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
VI. William H. (1775/6 - Bef. 1850) m. 1797 Lucy Dillard
VII. John M. (ca. 1796 - 1850) m. Catherine Searls
VIII. Lewis M. (1827 - ??) m. Frances A. Beazley
IX. William E. (1848 - ??)
IX. Mary L. (ca. 1849 - ??) m. Robert L. Atkinson
IX. Virginia F. (1852 - ??)
IX. Stacy Burr (1853 - ??) m. Ann Marie Satterwhite and had children.
IX. Ella (1854 - ??)
IX. John Thomas (1855 - 1900)
IX. Lewis M., Jr. (1857 - ??)
IX. Frank (1858 - ??)
IX. Emma (1860 - ??)
IX. Sally (1876 - ??)
VIII. George W. (1828 - ??) m. Mary E. Acors
IX. Alice A. (1858 - ??) m. Allen Curtis
IX. Nannie (1861 - ??)
IX. Laurie F. (1866 - ??) m. Robert H. Surles
IX. Arabella Lee (1867 - 1880)
IX. Alma James (1869 - 1952) m. Laura Elizabeth Brown
X. Fannie R. (?? - ??)
X. Nettie (?? - ??)
X. Conway William (?? - ??)
X. Boyd W. (?? - ??)
X. Martha (?? - ??)
X. Eliza Mary (?? - ??)
X. Laura E. (?? - ??)
X. Mary L. (?? - ??)
X. Alma James Jr. (?? - ??)
X. Bertha Brown (1885 - ??)
IX. Elvira Josephine (1874 - 1948) m. (Unknown) Gayle
IX. Leonard (Before 1877 - ??)
VIII. Angelina J. (1830 - ??) m. James F. Brooks
VII. Possibly other children
VI. John (1778-1861) m. Melinda Brassfield (1789 - 1864)
VII. Elizabeth (1809-1844) m. George West
VII. John (1811 - 1844) m. Malinda Freeman
VIII. Wellington G. (1840 - ??)
VIII. John (1842 - ??)
VIII. George (Ca. 1836 - ??)
VII. Joanna (1813-1897) m. John Leonard
VII. Malinda (?? - ??) m. John Works
VII. George (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??)
VII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VII. Robert Hardin (1826-1886) m. (1) M. C. Green, (2) Matilda Tandy, (3) Sarah Tandy
VIII. John Leonard (?? - ??) m. Olive Cassidy
VIII. Effie Estelle (?? - ??) m. (1) Joseph Robinson, (2) Frank G. Brandon
VIII. Augusta (?? - ??) m. William E. Davis
VIII. James (1849 - ??) m. Sarah Montgomery
VIII. Mary B. (1856 - ??) m. Fletcher T. Riley
VIII. Bettie (1858 - ??)
VIII. Henry B. (1861 - ??)
VIII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VIII. William (?? - ??)
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VII. James (1825 - 1897) m. "Sallie" Catherine Green
VIII. Lula Ella (1852 - 1917) m. Madison Monroe Riley
VIII. Emma Evelyn (1857 - 1934) m. Benjamin E. Garvey
VIII. D. Howard (1860-1961) m. Jennie Orr
IX. Lucy (?? - ??)
IX. James (?? - ??)
IX. Jennie (?? - ??) married Victor Rhea, Jr.
VIII. Robert H. (1862 - ??) m. Julia Foree
IX. Margaret (?? - ??)
IX. Noah (?? - ??)
IX. Sarah (?? - ??) m. Francis F. Gates
VIII. Junius W. (1865 - 1942) m. (1) Mamie Alexander, (2) Nora Hackett
IX. Mattie Belle (?? - ??) m. Pryor Perry
IX. Unknown daughter
VIII. Walter S. (1866 - 1903) m. Sarah Byrne
IX. Florence (?? - ??) m. Noble Burford
IX. Mary Jane (?? - ??)
VIII. Corinne (1868 - 1936) m. (1) CharlesAlexander, (2) Prince E. Burroughs
VIII. James (1870 - ??) m. Prudence Wilson
VIII. Albert Delong (1875 - ??) m. Alice Wheeler
IX. James (?? - ??)
IX. Sallie (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (1829 - 1917) m. Olive English
VIII. John (?? - ??) m. Pegge (Unknown)
VIII. Ebe (?? - ??) m. Ira Martin VIII. Martha "Mattie" (1856 - ??) m. Dr. J. W. Cornell
VIII. Joanna (1859 - ??) m. Paschal Brock
VIII. English (1863 - 1936)
VIII. Sallie (1868 - 1880)
VIII. Bettie D. (1870 - 1920) m. William Penn Garvey
VIII. Malinda B. (1872 - 1922)
VIII. Susan B. (1874 - ??) m. E. Lawrence Riddle
VIII. Jack/J. G. (2/27/1875 - ??)
VIII. Lindsey (6/17/1880 - 3/17/1899, buried at New Liberty)
VIII. Olive (born & died 1886)
VIII. William or Bill (?? - ??)
VI. Sarah "Sally" Walden (1780 - Aft. 1870) m. George Garrett Freeman (1763 - 1818)
VI. Mary Ellen (Abt. 1784 - ??) m. James F. Kennedy
VI. Nancy (1785 - ??) married (1) Mr. Alexander, (2) Taylor Searcy
VI. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Joanna/Ann (??-??)
VI. Polly (??-??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt [Children from marriage 2]
VI. Josiah Pitt (1792 - ??) m. Frances Broaddus (1803 - 1874)
VII. Mordecai John, "Mock" (1826-1902) m. Virginia Broaddus
VIII. Josiah P. (1849 - 1889)
VIII. Mordecai Waller (1850 - 1917) m. 1878 (1) Martha S. Shepperd (2) Alice Donna Willson
IX. Mordecai Waller, Jr. (1889-1949) m. Virginia Todd Hamilton
IX. Mary Donna (1891 - ??) m. Judson Aldrich Monroe
IX. Virginia Broaddus (1895 -1898)
IX. Helen Randolph (1898 - ??) m. Thomas Clarence Williams
IX. Alice Willson (1900 -1986) m. Kent B. Johnson
IX. James Dejarnette (1904 - 1981) m. Dorothy E. Askew
VIII. Frances Elizabeth (1850 - 1855) twin of Morecai.
VIII. Lillian Hampton (1852 - 1922) m. Frank Taylor Sutton
VIII. Annie E. (1854 - 1937) m. 1878 Philip H. Coghill
VIII. Virginia (1856 - 1876)
VIII. Seth (1858 - 1924) m. 1892 Attie Miller Broaddus
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frederick Kraggie (1860 - ??) m. Willie Cooke Simmons
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. John Broaddus (1863 - 1930) m. (1) Ada Blanche Nuckols, (2) Florence Ethel Parr
M/1: IX. Virginia Belle (1891 - 1990)
IX. Robert Broaddus Gayle (1895 - 1971)
M/2: IX. Eunice Ethyl (1901 - ??)
IX. Russell Garnett (born & died 1904)
IX. John Moseley (1905 - 1906)
IX. Frances Elizabeth (1909 - ??)
IX. John Broaddus, Jr. (1910 - 1919)
VIII. Josephine Dejarnette (1866 - 1937) m. John Cussons Fletcher
VIII. Ida (born & died 1869)
VIII. Sands (1870 - 1918) m. 1902 Sara Look Boatwright (1879 - 1968)
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frank (1873 - ??)
VIII. Almeda (1875 -1875) Twin of Mark.
VIII. Mark (1875 - 1875) Twin of Almeda.
VII. Roberta (1830 - ??) m. Benjamin Leavell
VII. Elizabeth (1833 - ??) m. John Edward Broaddus
VII. Josiah Pitt, Jr. (1836 - 1905) m. Charlotte Leavelle
VIII. Mary Byrd (?? - ??) m. Frederick Sanford.
VIII. Josiah Pitt III. (?? - ??) m. Sally Ferguson
VIII. Lee Leavelle (1883 - 1961) m. Edith (Unknown)
VIII. Elwood Wright (1886 - 1958) m. Deborah Owen
VII. Margaret Ann (1838 - 1926) m. Francis Corbin Beverly
VII. Thomas Benton (1840 - ??) m. (1) Virginia Martha Sanford, (2) Lilly Bullock
VIII. Frances (born & died 1867)
VIII. John (1868 -1870)
VIII. Maurice Rowe (1870 - 1953) m. Estelle Blanche Landrum
VIII. Thomas Benton, Jr. (1872 -1944) m. Ellen Jane (Nell) Pratt
IX. Thomas Benton III (1899-1965) m. (Unknown)
IX. Robert Lee (1918 - 2006) m. Frances O'Hair & had two sons, Stephen Lee and John.
VIII. Frances Broaddus (1874 - 1962) m. John Hopple Corey
VIII. Agnes Crawford (1876 -1953) m. (1) John Roland Johnston (2) Roger Yeaman.
VII. Almedia Frances (?? - ??) m. Absalom Peyton Rowe
VI. Judith (Ca. 1798 - ??) m. William Chapman
VI. Nancy (Ca. 1802 - ??) m. Lunsford Broaddus
VI. Margaret (Ca. 1810 - 1880) m. 1832 Thomas Burrus
VI. Younger Elliot (1811 - D. young)
VI. Elizabeth Pitt (1809 - ??) m. 1825 Daniel Minor Robertson
VI. Gabriella (?? - ??) m. Richard Long
VI. Sewal (?? - ??) went west
VI. Katherine Minor (1812 - 1898) m. 1832 George Burrus (1809- 1876)
V. Matthew Jr. (1750 - 1812) m. Sarah Penn
VI. John M. (1772 - ??) m. Elizabeth Minor
VI. William Edwards (1795 - ??) m. Elizabeth Davies Walden in 1815
VII. Elizabeth (1817 - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VII. George Walden (1818 - 1901) m. Ann Elizabeth White
VIII. John White (1850 - 1853)
VIII. George Walden Jr. (1853- 1930) m. Mary Conlon
VIII. Martha Jane (1855 - 1906) m. Sebastian R. McIlheny
VIII. Thomas Dudley (1857 - 1928) m. Wilma Ward
VIII. William Drury (1859 - 1939) m. Mary F. Rimerman
VIII. Anna Marie (1861 - 1936)
VIII. James Brady (1864 - ??)
VIII. Daniel Elam (1866 - 1939) m. Laura Lillian Hawthorne
VIII. Robert Talbot (1868 - 1948) m. Emma Wood
VIII. Frank Pettus (1871 - 1943) m. Susan Crissey
VIII. Harry Sisson (1876 - 1898)
VII. Sarahan Dudley (1820 - ??)
VII. Fayetta (1822 - 1823)
VII. Martha Jane (1824 - ??) m. James H. Brady
VII. Thomas (1823 - 1824)
VII. William Wallace (1829 - 1908) m. (Unknown)
VIII. James Oscar (1859 - ??)
VII. Evaline (1826 - 1827)
VII. Robert Carter Porter (1834 - ??)
VI. Matthew (1798 - ??) probably went to Missouri
VII. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VII. John Minor (1801 - 1872) m. Elizabeth Holmes Stewart
VIII. Charles (1823 - ??) m. (1) Martha A. Walden, (2) Isabella, (3) Nancy (Unknown)
From M/1: IX. William H. (1849 - ??)
IX. Stewart W. (1851-1854)
From M/2: IX. Alice (1867 - ??)
IX. Betty (1868 - ??)
IX. Daniel (1869 - ??)
IX. Jenetta (1870 - ??)
IX. Charles Jr. (1875 - ??)
IX. Marshall (?? - ??)
VIII. Benjamin Stewart (1825-1891) m. Lucy L. Campbell
IX. Walter Stewart (1859 - ??) m. (1) Dora Wright, (2) Effie Holsworth
VIII. Richard A. (1828-1887) m. Mary V. Campbell
IX. Henry B. (1853 - 1923) m. Christina Watson
X. Henry W. (1885 - 1902)
IX. Elizabeth (1856 - ??) m. Frank Gillis
IX. John C. (1858-??)
IX. Lucy S. (1860 - ??) m. John D. Lee
IX. Thalia S. (1868 - ??) m. Custis Bridgman
IX. Richard A. (1872 - 1946) m/1 Frances Reynolds; m/2 (Unknown)
VIII. Robert Henry (1847-1920) m. Mary E. Gibbons
IX. William G. (1871-1873)
IX. John W. (1873 - ??)
IX. Annie V. (1877-1881)
IX. Arthur G. (1879-1884)
VIII. George William (1834-1896) m. Rebecca Ann Leffler
IX .Herbert (1863 - ??) m. Saddie E. Tanner
IX. Clarence (1866-1948) m. Emma P. Kavanaugh
IX. Leslie (1870 - ??) m/1 Minnie Dalton, m/2 Sarah?
VIII. Josiah (1841-1933) m. (1) Irene O. Dodge, (2) Mary (Unknown)
VIII. John Minor Jr. (1844-1920) m. Maria M. Wright
IX. Arthur S. (1873 - 1873)
VI. George (?? - ??) m. (1) Sophronia Bohannon, (2) Jean Holloway
VII. Mary Ann (?? - ??) m. Robert Hogg Alves
VII. John (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??) Went to Ohio
VI. Josiah (?? - 1849)
VI. Nancy Ann (?? - ??) m. Brooking Taylor
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. (1) Paul Williams, (2)? Smith
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??) m. Benjamin Stewart
V. Judith (1754 - ??) m. Robert Dudley, Jr.
V. Mary (1767 - 1855) m. Joseph Harrison
V. Ann (?? - ??)
IV. Joseph (1729 - by 1782) m. Rachel (Unknown)
V. John Edwards (1760 - ??)
V. James (Living 1800) m. Lucy Sanders Weston
VI. Joseph C. (?? - ??) m. 1828 Martha Bryan
VII. James (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Reuben S. (?? - 1828)
VI. Six other children unknown
V. Elizabeth C. (?? - ??) m. 1800 James Weston
V. Nancy (?? - ??) m. 1795, William White, KY
IV. John (1734 - ??) m. Sarah White & lived in King and Queen County, VA.
V. Judith (?? - ??) m. (Unknown)
V. Lucy Catherine (?? - ??) m. Thomas Lafon
V. Josiah (Est. 1730s - Bet. 1791-95) m. Sally Conduit
VI. James (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI Sally (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??) of Sumterville?
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??)
VI. Robert (1787 - ??) m. Dorcas Barton
VII. Emilene (1817 - ??)
VII. Sarah J. (1819 - ??) m. Thomas Hopkins Tredway
VII. Laure (1822 - ??)
VII. Eliza (1824 - ??)
VII. Josiah (1825 - ??)
VII. Elizabeth (1827 - ??)
VII. Thomas (1830 - ??)
VII. William (1832 - ??)
VI. Mary Craig (1791 - 1851) m. James Isom
VI. Thomas (1793 - ??) m. Mary Ann Greene
VII. William Dudley (1819 -1888) m. (1) Mary Catherine Knox, (2) Katherine Polk.
From M/1: VIII. Mary Knox (1846 -1928) m. Thomas Lawrence Washington
VIII. Anna (1849 - 1849)
VIII. Thomas (1852 - 1852)
From M/2: VIII. Frances Polk (1860 - 1937) m. Frank Whitman Ring
VIII. William Dudley II (1861 - 1921) m. Meta Jackson Orr
VIII. Katherine Polk (1862 - 1889)
VIII. Leonides Polk (1864 - 1890)
VIII. Josephine (1867 - 1876)
VIII. Ethel (1869 - 1870)
VII. Sarah Ann (1821- 1823)
VII. Abner Green (1825 -1909) m. Mary Perkins
VIII. Annie (1855 -1875)
VIII. Thomas (1857 - 1934) m. Anne Sue Thornton
VIII. Jessie (1858 - 1936) m. Marcellus L. Johnson
VIII. Ida (1862 - 1863)
VIII. Jennie (1864 - Aft. 1922)
VII. Edward Richard (1836 - 1916) m. Susan Link Jones
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VIII. Edward Richard II (1885 - ??)
VIII. Rachel Ingram (1886 - 1963)
VII. Eliza Catherine (1838 -1857)
VII. Anna Marie (1841 -1917)
VII. Josiah R. (1842 -1865)
V. George W. (?? - ??) m. Judith E. White
V. John E. (Living 1824)
V. Robert F. (?? - ??) m. Elizabeth Wood
VI. Philadelphia Bohannan (?? - ??)
VI. Mary D. (?? - ??) m. Orman Brown
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Lloyd Hackett
VI. Letha (?? -??) m. Richard Radford
V. William (1755 - 1818) m. (1) Sarah "Sally" Walden, (2) Margaret Pitt
VI. Nancy (?? - ??)
VI. Susannah (?? - ??)
VI. Julia (?? - ??) m. David Elliott
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VI. Henry (?? - ??)
VI. Robert M. (?? - ??)
VI. Temple E. (?? - ??) m. Mattie Riley
VI. Younger (?? - ??)
VI. Josiah (1790 - 1862) m. Mary Thompson
VII. C. William (1824 - ??) m. Catherine (Unknown)
VII. Samuel T. (1841 - ??) m. Mary E. Hambrick
VII. Rufus J. (1838 - ??)
VII. Lloyd B. (1843 - 1863)
VII. Emeline (1845 - 1929) m. William H. McDonald
VII. Possibly Josiah (?? - ??)
VII. Martha (1847 - ??)
VII. Mary (1850 - 1932)
VII. Susan (?? - ??)
VI .William (Abt. 1794 - 1862) m. Margaret Ann Thompson
VI. John William (1794 - 1859-62) m. Christina Bentley Ballou
VII. Robert Croton (1821 - ??) m. Susan Mary Bradley
VIII. Alma (1855 - ??)
VIII. James T. (1857 - ??)
VIII. Elizabeth C. (1858 - ??) m. Mr. Coleman
VIII. John William (1860 - 1941) m. Annie Macklin
IX. George M. (1888 - 1958)
IX. Genevieve Posey (1885 - 1963)
IX. Mary C. (1891 - ??)
IX. Robert Alexander (1897 - 1954)
IX. Francis Garnett (1897 - 1974)
VIII. Orlando Brown (1862 - 1952) m. Sarah Elizabeth Graves
IX. Joseph Lee (1887 - ??)
IX. Sarah F. (1887 - ??)
VIII. Casper Leland (1865 - ??)
VII. Webster (1823 - ??)
VII. Temple E. (1830 - ??) m. Angela Offut
VII. William B. (1832 - ??) m. Lucinda White
VII. Possibly Henry (?? - ??)
V. Thomas (1779 - 1816) m. Nancy Miller
VI. Margaret (?? - ??) m. Joseph Rosson
VI. Walker (1813 - 1818)
VI. Mary "Polly" (?? - Abt. 1839) m. Winston Vaughan
VI. Catherine (?? - ??) m. Preston Alexander
VI. Robert D. (1814 - 1814)
VI. Catherine (?? - ??)
IV. Joice (1731 - 1772) m. Robert Dudley in 1745.
IV. Elizabeth (1735 - ??) m. Thomas Poole
IV. Sarah E. (1737 - 1799) m. John Deatherage
IV. Judith (1739-1800) m. (1) William Darnaby ca. 1755; m. (2) James Smith
III. Possibly other children
Under Bacon's leadership parties of militiamen plundered the countryside, raiding and burning Jamestown and several Virginia
plantations. His troops soon secured possession of the entire Virginia colony with the exception of the Eastern Shore where Berkley
fled, receiving sanctuary at the Custis home, Arlington Plantation, in Northampton County. In Surry County Bacon's troops seized and
occupied the plantation owned by Berkeley supporter Arthur Allen II on 9/17/1676. Located on James River and known as Allen's Brick
House and later as Bacon's Castle, the plantation was occupied by Bacon's troops until 12/27/1676 when British marines from the ship
Young Prince, commanded by Admiral Robert Morris, drove them from the house.
On 1/19/1677 a number of Bacon's leaders were captured by Morris' troops who delivered about 16 of them to Governor Berkeley. On
January 24th a trial was held among the burned ruins of Jamestown and James Crews, John Digby, William Rookins, Colonel William
West and John Turner, Bacon's Southside leaders, were condemned to death. Crews and Digby were hanged and Rookins died in
prison, but West and Turner escaped. Twenty-one other men from a variety of Virginia counties were hanged and others banished from
the country, stripped of their rights of citizenship and heavily fined.
Matthew Gayle/Gale is presumed to have survived since there is no record of his being jailed or hung. It is possible that he fled to
England following the rebellion and returned to Virginia when he was referenced on the 140 acre grant to JOHN WATERS bounded by
WILLIAM ELLIOTT and adjoining COLL. DUDLEY and RICHARD LONGEST, again in Gloucester County. A second grant to Waters
followed on 5/1/1679 for 500 acres in Gloucester adjoining "his former dividend & Coll. Dudley, Law: Perrott, Charles Jones, Coll: Kemp,
William Elliott, to Richard Longest … Headrights listed were Jonas Vernay, John Morgan, FRA. JARVIS, ANN JARVIS, MATH. GALE,
MARGT. GALE, ELIZ. GALE." (Mason) Ann Jarvis is said to have been Ann Gale, who married Francis Jarvis.
Connections in these families surface in marriages of both the Elliott and Longest families with the Dudleys in Gloucester County. And
Matthew Gayle's grandson, Matthew (Est. 1690 - 1779) and his wife Judith Edwards Gayle of Kingston Parish and Spotsylvania County,
VA, had a daughter, JOICE (1731 - 1772) who married ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - will 12/27/1766) in 1745.
Bacon's Castle, Surrey County, VA (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1994)
CHILD OF MATTHEW & UNKNOWN GALE/GAYLE
II. MATTHEW JR. (Living 1705)
II. POSSIBLY OTHERS
II. MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. (Est. 1670s - Living 1705) was the son of the immigrant Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. He must have been of age in 1705 as he is shown as the owner of 250 acres of land in Kingston Parish. It is assumed that he
married and it is the opinion of this writer that at least one of his sons was Matthew Gale (Est. 1690s - 1779) who married Judith Edwards and resided in Gloucester and Spotsylvania Counties.
CHILD OF MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. & UNKNOWN WIFE
III. MATTHEW (Est. 1690s - 1779) married Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779).
III. PROBABLY OTHER SIBLINGS
III. MATTHEW GALE (Est. 1690 - 1779) was born in Gloucester at an unknown date to Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. At some point the -Y- was dropped from the name but records relating to Matthew contain both spellings from time to time.
Matthew married JUDITH EDWARDS and had children. On 5/17/1733 his Gloucester property was surveyed by Robert Perry and his family went to live in Spotsylvania County, settling in ST. GEORGE'S PARISH, where Matthew appears on 4/6/1738 when
he witnessed the deed of Thomas and Sarah Benson to Edward Levill/Leavelle of Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County, for 200 acres in Spotsylvania on branches of the Massaponnax. Other witnesses were George Nix and Martin Trew.
SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY was formed from portions of Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties and became operative as a county in 1721. By 1730 it held two parishes, St. George's and St. Mark's, the latter becoming Orange County formed in
1734. At that time the land mass contained what are now the counties of Orange, Madison, Culpeper and Rappahannock. A vast wilderness located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Spotsylvania enjoyed an increase in migration from the Tidewater
regions of Virginia during the early to mid-1700s. To attract settlers to the region, the Virginia General Assembly waved property taxes for three years for those who had established themselves in the area by 1/1/1735.
On 7/11/1740 Matthew Gale purchased 200 acres "in a valley" from John and Sarah Snow of St. Mark's Parish, Orange County. Witnesses were Thomas Jones, John Mallory and Henry Rogers. The location is noted on 3/24/1742 when John Snow of Louisa
County, planter, sold 200 acres in St. Thomas Parish to planter Thomas Ballard of Orange County. The tract was described as being near the head of Blew Run and boundaries were given as land formerly owned by John Bryson, the "brow of a hill," and
"Mathias Gale's corner." Witnesses were John Allen, George Taylor and Thomas Scott. The following day, 7/12/1740, Matthew was a witness with John Mallory and Thomas Jones when John Snow sold 206 acres "at John Bryson's line" in St. Mark's
Parish to Henry Rodgers. On 10/7/1740 Matthew Gale and Francis Turnley witnessed the deed of Robert Biscoe of Lancaster County to James Brown of Spotsylvania County for 97 acres granted by patent to Joseph Delanie on 9/28/1728. [In Orange County
in 1741 John Snow served on the jury in the case of Thomas Redd vs. David Gayle. The latter's identity has not been established.]
On 2/29/1743 Matthew witnessed the will of George Poole along with Sharshall Grasty and Daniel DuVal. He also witnessed the will of William Holloday of St. George's Parish, dated 12/4/1744 and proved 5/6/1746. Witnesses were William Waller and Henry
Rogers. On 7/18/1749 Matthew appears on a list of payables for the Easternmost (East) River Warehouse in Gloucester County for 185 pounds of tobacco. In 1758 Matthew witnessed a deed when John Gayle bought 800 acres in Spotsylvania. He was also
listed on records of both Orange and King and Queen Counties.
I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650s - Living 1705) was born in England around 1650 based on the time of his 1672 grant in Gloucester County. He married (UNKNOWN) and had at least one son, Matthew Gayle, Jr., since between 1702 and 1705 "Capt.
Gayle" appears in records of Kingston Parish with 164 acres of land and "Matthew Gayle, Jr." appears with 250 acres. Matthew's name was spelled G-A-Y-L-E on his grant, but it appears that members of this family adopted both spellings of the name,
Gale and Gayle.
MATTHEW GAYLE & BACON'S REBELLION
In 1676 Virginia planters were suffering from Indian raids, political corruption, excessive taxes, and loss of representative government in England. Complaints to Governor William Berkeley met with no success. In response Nathaniel Bacon the Younger
recruited a force of 700 horsemen and 600 foot soldiers to stop the raids, unite the colonists against taxation, and improve representative government for Virginia. He established his headquarters at Warner Hall in Gloucester County, owned by
Augustine Warner, Speaker of the House of Burgesses, whose daughter, Mildred Warner Washington, later married Colonel George Gale Somerset County, Maryland, who may have been one of Matthew's relatives.
Matthew served as a captain for Bacon and was named in a petition by the citizens of Gloucester who were protesting the manner in which Bacon's officers impressed men and horses for the rebellion. Advised of their discontent and assured of their
support against Bacon, Governor Berkeley traveled to Gloucester and on 7/18/1676 was presented with a petition complaining of the conduct of some of Bacon's officers, including Matthew Gale, one of Bacon's chief commanders. They claimed that
Matthew Gale, a Captain under Nathaniel Bacon, threatened "Coll. Matthew Kemp, Commander of all the horse in this County," with a gun. Gale had promised to "goe to his General Bacon and, in a very short time returne with an hundred horse, and ruin
the County." (Stanard)
THE DUDLEY FAMILY
Whether it is mere coincidence or an indication of an earlier relationship between the families prior to the marriage of JOICE GAYLE to ROBERT DUDLEY in 1745, it is interesting to note that SIR ROBERT DUDLEY (Living 1568) was, in the 1600s, both
Collector of the Port and Mayor of Newcastle on Tyne where the Gales resided prior to migrating to Whitehaven. His descent is as follows:
I. SIR ROBERT DUDLEY (Living 1568) married Anne Wood.
II. ROBERT DUDLEY (Abt. 1570 - ??) married Bridget Green.
III. EDWARD DUDLEY (1602 - 1654) married Elizabeth Pritchard (1600 - 10/2/1691, York Co), and immigrated to the Virginia Colony around 1637. He was transported by Thomas Hampton, Rector of Wilmington Parish Church in Jamestown and later of
Hampton Parish in Yourk County in 1646. He settled in York County but later moved to Lancaster in an area that later became Middlesex County The earliest Dudley property was on the south side of Rappahannock River, in Middlesex and Gloucester.
The Elliotts, who intermarried with them, also lived in Middlesex County.
IV. WILLIAM DUDLEY (1621, Bristol, England - 1677,VA) married Elizabeth Cary (1621 - ??) and settlled in Lancaster/Middlexex where the birth of his children were recorded in the register of Christ Church Parish. He was Justice of Middlesex in 1676
but later resided on Mobjack Bay in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County. [IV. RICHARD DUDLEY (Abt. 1623 - Abt. 1687, Gloucester County, VA), brother of WILLIAM IV, married Mary Seawell about 1645 and patented land on Mobjack Bay near
William. In 1667 he was elected to the vestry of Kingston Parish and was later a Colonel in the Militia.
V. JAMES DUDLEY (Bet. 1659-1702 - ??) married 1) Mary Welch, 2) Elizabeth (Unknown) and 3) Ann Fleet (?? - 1722) He moved from Middlesex County to Gloucester County where he was elected to the Vestry of Petsworth Parish in 1682.
VI. WILLIAM DUDLEY (8/12/1698 - 1/15/1760) married Judith Johnson in 1721. His sisters were: SARAH (1681 - ??); ELIZABETH (1687 - ??) m. 1710) Thomas Elliott (ancestors probably of the Elliotts of Lancaster and Brunswick counties); and MARY
(1693 - ??) m. 1711 John Berry.
VII. ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - Will 1766) m. 1745 JOYCE GAYLE (1731 - 1772) of Spotsylvania Co.
VIII. ROBERT DUDLEY JR. (?? - ??) m. cousin JUDITH GALE (1754 - ??), daughter of Matthew and Mary E. Gale.
VIII. CAPT/REV. AMBROSE DUDLEY (8/31/1750, Fredericksburg - 1/27/1825, Lexington, KY) m. 2/26/1773 Ann Parker, Christ Church, Middlesex Co. Served 1794 with General Wayne in the Northwest. Became a Baptist preacher at Bryan's Station in
Kentucky. Robert Dudley's will stated he was of St. George's Parish and named his wife Joice and son Robert Dudley, Jr. Witnesses were REUBEN THORNTON, THOMAS POOLE and Matthew Gale, Jr. Executors were his wife, John Carter, and son
Robert Dudley. The will stipulated that the estate was to be kept intact until the youngest child comes of age "for the benefit of bringing up my youngest children; then to be equally divided amongst them all." (Spots. County, Will Book D - 1761-1772)
SONS: IX. ROBERT DUDLEY (1774 - ??) & IX. AMBROSE DUDLEY (Living KY 1845).
THE POOLE FAMILY
THE POOLE FAMILY were English and French merchants who appeared on 3/18/1667 when a tract of 500 acres in Baltimore County, MD was surveyed for GEORGE GALE and assigned to DAVID POOLE, merchant. A patent dated 8/2/1668 described
the tract as being on the North side of the Patapsco River opposite the land of Hugh Kersey. They were in Gloucester County on 3/16/1701-02 when THOMAS POOLE was named as a signer on an address of the Magistrates and Militia Officers of
Gloucester County. Other signers included JOHN WATERS, John Degge, Simon Degge, Phillip Hunley, RICHARD DUDLEY and AMBROSE DUDLEY.
On 2/5/1744 the will of Thomas' father, George Poole, was proved in Spotsylvania County. It named his wife Elizabeth; sons Thomas and Micajah (??-1806); daughter Mary, wife of William Stevens; daughter Elizabeth, wife of James Brown;
granddaughter Mary Brown; daughter Ann, wife of James Walston; granddaughter Mary Walston; daughter Joanna, wife of James Young; daughter Milley; and daughter Sarah. Witnesses were Daniel Duval, Sharshall Grasty, and Matthew Gayle.
Executors were Poole's wife and sons Micajah and Thomas.
On 10/1/1747, a grant of 168 acres of land in Kingston Parish to one THOMAS HAYES was described as being east of the East River beginning at James Callis' corner and adjacent to Matthew Gale, Alexander Craig, Henry Knight to Pool's line to Joseph
Thomas Poole, a planter, was living in Culpeper County on 3/2/1754 when he sold 400 acres in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania, to James Ball of Lancaster County, Gent. Witnesses were Matthew Gale, John Menefee, and Philip Vincent Vass. (Spots.
Co. DB E/195, 1751 - 1761)
In 1770 JOSIAH GALE of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, witnessed a notice of indenture for THOMAS POOLE and on 3/7/1786 Jas. Mitchim, Rich'd Coleman, Ephraim Beasley and MICAJAH POOLE, Thomas' brother, witnessed the sale of 50
acres in Berkeley Parish, Spotsylvania County. This was the last mention of Micajah Poole in Spotsylvania prior to moving with Thomas to South Carolina where he died. His will, dated 9/3/1819 and proved 12/20/1819, named children Robert Poole and
Nancy Young, wife of Robert Young. Executors were Alexander W. Adams and Francis White and witnesses were Alexander Stuart, W. Wier and Joel Lipscomb. (South Carolina, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds, Box 73, Pack 1783 & 1784) - [The
reference to Joel Lipscomb provides a connection to the Gayles of South Carolina. John Gayle, brother of Billups Gayle of that state, studied law with Judge Abner S. Lipscomb (1789 - 1856), son of Joel and Elizabeth Chiles Lipscomb. [SEE CHAPTERS
16 & 17]
It appears that Elizabeth Gale Poole died before 1790 since on 12/7/1790 THOMAS POOL (sic) and his wife Leah, of Spotsylvania County, sold 100 acres of land in Spotsylvania to John Greenhorn of same and on 6/28/1806 the will of Captain Thomas
Poole was recorded in Abbeville District, South Carolina. Administrators were Leah, MICAJAH POOL (sic), Robert White, and JOHN GAYLE. Others named were Abraham Poole, Elizabeth Poole, and Park Eddins. (SC, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds,
Box 73, Pack 1784) The following reference may also pertain to this family. The will of Thomas Williams, Sr., dated 9/4/1788 and proved 3/20/1789 in North Carolina, mentions his wife Elizabeth; sons, THOMAS POOL (sic) WILLIAMS, Christopher
Williams and John Williams; and daughters Elizabeth, Susannah, Margaret (or Peggy) and Sarah Beasley. Executors were sons Thomas and Christopher Pool and friend John Humphries. Witnesses were Malachi Sawyer, SARAH GALE and Sarah Cary.
Mentioned as part of the estate were the net proceeds of the Schooner Betsey's cargo…Rack brig Washington. (Jones, Gordon C.; Abstracts of Wills and Other Records, Currituck and Dare Counties, North Carolina, 1663 - 1850)
THE THORNTON FAMILY
The Thornton family patented lands in what is now Stafford, King George, Orange and Spotsylvania Counties, including the town of Fredericksburg. REUBEN THORNTON, a witness to the will of ROBERT DUDLEY, husband of Joice Gayle, descended
from WILLIAM THORNTON III (1627, Scarborough, Yorkshire - 1708, Stafford Co., VA) who arrived in Virginia in 1641, settled in York County and married (1) Eliza Belling and (2) Elizabeth Rowland. In 1677 he was a vestryman of Petsworth Parish and
operated the ship Mary Jane, trading between the Americas and the West Indies. Thornton was named in the will of THOMAS DANBY, Knight, dated 1659, tthat also mentioned JOHN GALE (1601 - 1685) of Farnley Hall, Leeds, the 16th century seat
of the Danby family. The will also named Danby's son and daughter-in-law, Christopher and Ann Colepepper/Culpeper (1630 - 1695) Danby, who migrated to their Virginia plantation to "plant and reside."
William's son, FRANCIS THORNTON I (11/5/1651, Fall Hill, Stafford Co. - 1726), a merchant of St. Mark's Parish, Caroline County, married on 4/13/1673 to (1) Alice Savage (1653, Gloucester Co., VA. - 1695, King George Co., VA.), (2) Jane Harvey, and (3)
widow Ann Riding. His children, by his first wife, were Elizabeth; Margaret; Anne; Anthony; William T.; Sarah (12/17/1680 - ??) who married Lawrence Taliaferro in 1706. FRANCIS THORNTON II (1/4/1682 - 2/6/1738), son of the first Francis, married
MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO (1686, Powhatan Plantation, Essex, Co. -- 1774) in 1703 in St. Mark's Parish, Spotsylvania, VA. In May of 1719 they conveyed 300 acres in the fork of Snow Creek to Augustine Smith and John Taliaferro for a glebe.
Francis' brother, ROWLAND THORNTON (8/1/1685 - ??), married Elizabeth Catlett.
CHILDREN OF FRANCIS & MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO THORNTON:
IV. JOHN THORNTON (?? - 3/11/1779) married Mildred Gregory and had four daughters. Mildred married Samuel Washington; Mary married Gen. Woodford; Elizabeth (1742-43 - ??) married John Taliaferro; and Lucy married John Lewis, only son of
Col. Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington.
IV. FRANCIS THORNTON III (4/7/1714 - 4/7/1749, Spotsylvania, age 38) married Mary Frances Gregory (Ca. 1720 - 1/22/1790, Spotsylvania Co.) on 9/3/1736 and had six children. Francis IV married Ann Thompson; George married Mary Alexander;
William married Mary Stuart, John married Jane Washington, Mildred married Charles Washington and Mary married (1) William Champe, and (2) Churchill Jones.
IV. REUBEN THORNTON (1717 - 1768) of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, married Elizabeth Gregory, daughter of Roger and Mildred Washington Gregory, but had no children. His will of 1768 made bequests to his nieces Mary Woodford, Lucy
Gilmer, Mildred Washington and his nephews, James Taylor, Richard Buckner, and Thornton Washington, the son of Samuel Washington and the nephew of George Washington. William Woodford was named one of the executors and witnesses were
WILLIAM BUCKNER, ANTHONY THORNTON, GEORGE TODD, and MATTHEW GALE.
IV. ELIZABETH MARY (1718-22 - 1757) married THOMAS MERIWETHER in 1735.
IV. ALICE (?? - 11/19/1762); married LAWRENCE CATLETT
IV. MARY (1706 - 1757) married NICHOLAS BATTALIE
IV. SARAH (Abt. 1708 - ??) married (1) CHARLES TALIAFERRO and (2) THOMAS SLAUGHTER.
IV. WILLIAM #2 (?? - ??)
Fall Hill, home of Francis Thornton III
Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1995)
Warner Hall, home of Augustine Warner, Gloucester County
THE THORNTON HOME known as Fall Hill on the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County was home to Col. Francis Thornton III and his wife
Frances Gregory, daughter of Mildred Washoington Gregory, aunt and Godmother of George Washington. . On the road to the property lies a circular indentation in the
rock known as Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl or the Indian Punch Bowl, carved in the stone by local Indians and said to be the spot where they brewed poison for the
tips of their arrows. Thornton cleaned it out and used it to serve punch during his riverside parties. The date, 1720, and some of the initials of his friends were carved
around the bowl and are still visible (2010).
Also in 1758 Matthew Gale, John Gale, William Darnaby and Robert Dudley were among the supporters of FIELDING LEWIS (1726 - 1781) who ran for a seat in the House of Burgesses.
Fielding's parents were Colonel John Lewis (1694 - 1754) and his wife Frances Fielding (ca. 1702 - 1731) . His uncle, Robert Lewis (1704 - 1765), was the grandfather of explorer
Meriwether Lewis. Lewis was born at Warner Hall in Gloucester, VA, the home of Augustine Warner whose daughter. Warneer's daughter, MILDRED WARNER WASHINGTON (1671
- 1701), married first to Lawrence Washington and secondly to GEORGE GALE of Somerset County, Maryland.
Fielding Lewis married his second cousin, Catherine Washington (?? - 2/19/1750), daughter of John and Catherine Washington, on 10/18/1746. John Washington was the first cousin of
President George Washington. After Catherine's death Fielding married George's sister, Betty Washington (?? - 1797), on 5/7/1750 and had children.
GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VIRGINIA, formed from neighboring York County, contained four parishes, Abingdon, Petsworth, Ware and
Kingston. In 1791 county residents, including some of the Gayles, sucessfully petitioned to have a new county formed from Kingston and
a portion of Ware Parish. Consequently, all references after that year refer to Mathews County.
MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650s - Living 1705), an immigrant from England, received a grant of 284 acres in Kingston Parish in Gloucester
County on 10/8/1672. Much circumstantial evidence suggests him to be of the Gale families of Yorkshire and Whitehaven, Cumberland,
England, and it is the theory of this writer that he was the son of ROBERT GALE (1590 - 1656) of Acomb and Tralee and an unknown wife
whose children included MATTHEW (who would have beenl living in 1672), GEORGE (?? - ??), ROBERT (?? - ??), MARY (?? - ??) and
JOHN GALE, THE ELDER (Abt. 1610/15, Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland - 1680). [SEE CHAPTER 2]
John Gale's grandson, GEORGE GALE OF (1671 - 1712) of WHITEHAVEN and SOMERSET COUNTY, MARYLAND, came to Virginia
before 1700 where he met and married MILDRED WARNER WASHINGTON, widow of LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and grandmother of
PRESIDENT GEORGE WASHINGTON. In his history of the town of Whitehaven Daniel Hay stated, "...it is difficult to do much research on
Virginia history without coming back to the Gale family and in 1733 Ambrose Grayson [George Gale's nephew] and Alice, his wife, conveyed
to Matthew Gale of Gloucester County, Virginia, 300 acres in St. George's Parish." [Spotsylvania County] -- [SEE CHAPTER 21]
Kingston Parish Church, Mathews, VA
GRANT OF MATTHEW GAYLE & RELATED GAYLE PROPERTIES IN KINGSTON PARISH
THE FOLLOWING TIMELINE showing Gayle family and related properties was constructed to show associations between the family of Matthew Gayle, the immigrant, and other Gayle families in Kingston Parish. It should be noted that this list is not
indicative of all property owned by each individual.
WILLIAM HAMPTON'S GRANT: 3/25/1651:
700 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, on the east side of East River on the south side of a creek. William Hampton Jr. was granted 42 acres next to his father on 10/28/1697 adjoining land formerly owned by ROBERT CULLY (Living 1682)
whose family intermarried with the Gayles.
HENRY SINGLETON'S GRANT: 1651: 320 acres on the east side of East River in Mobjack Bay beginning at Mr. Hampton's land. [This is probably what later became the property of the "WIDOW SINGLETON."]
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #1: 6/29/1651:
613 acres on Pudden (sic) Creek (See Grant #2 below).
THOMAS TODD'S GRANT: 10/27/1652:
150 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River between Mr. Hampton and Philip Hunley.
WILLIAM HOULDER'S GRANT: Originally granted THOMAS TODD on 10/15/1653:
600 acres on the west side of East River in Mockjack (sic) Bay beginning at Chestnut Creek.
JOHN HAMPTON'S GRANT: 7/14/1655:
150 acres "beginning at the head of the beaver dams between Garden Creek and the Eastermost River, assigned from Lt. Coll. Walker."
JOHN MANN'S GRANT: 11/20/1661:
600 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River at Chestnut Creek adjoining WM. HOLDEN (sic). On 12/22/1682 a tract of 63 ½ acres on the east side of East River, once part of MR. MANN'S land, was granted to ROBERT & RALPH ARMISTEAD
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #2: 8/19/1672:
460 acres beginning at Philip Hunley's landing place on Pudding Creek adjoining RICHARD LONG & MARK FOSTER, who was granted 100 acres on 6/6/1654 located at the head of Pudden Creek. [CALEB HUNLEY (Abt. 1735 - 1797), grandson of Philip
and Anne Pettus Hunley, was the son of James and Mary Morgan Hunley. Caleb married Elizabeth Smith and appeared next to WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS on the 1790 census. Caleb's brother, James Hunley, married Mary Morgan. His sister,
Mary Hunley (1742 - 1772), was the first wife of Houlder Hudgins. Both the families of Caleb Hunley and Houlder Hudgins were neighors of Captain Robert Gayle (1745 - 1783). NOTE: On 5/17/1733 the property of Matthew Gale of Gloucester was
surveyed by Robert Perry and his family went to live in Spotsylvania County. Forty years later, on 11/27/1773, CAPTAIN ROBERT GAYLE (1745 - 1782) purchased 88 acres in Kingston Parish in two parcels from WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS
next to CALEB HUNLEY. BOUNDARIES: (1) 40 acres: WILLIAM & ANN TOMKINS to ROBERT GAYLE beginning at a corner holly standing in THOMAS GAYLE'S line to a corner point in WILLIAM HUGINS (sic) line to a corner maple in JAMES
HUNLEY'S line to a corner point in Thomas Gayle's line and from there to the beginning place. (2) 48 acres: Beginning at a corner point in WILLIAM HUDGINS line to a white oak, E to a white oak in JOHN PARSON'S corner to the Bever (sic) dam and
then to Thomas Gayle's corner to the corner holly to the beginning place. JOHN GALE, obviously a relative, paid 70 cents to record the deed. The names of the owners of neighboring properties and the reference to the beaver dam indicates this tract may
have been a portion of the original grant to Matthew Gayle. [SEE CHAPTER 12]
MATTHEW GAYLE'S GRANT: 10/8/1672: [THE SPELLING ON THE ORIGINAL GRANT IS G-A-Y-L-E]
284 acres in Kingston Parish along the back line of Philip Hunley. Headrights were William Blake, James Paine, Mary Bullock, Thomas Harwood, Anne Herdford and John Arthur. See the John Degge grant below. Gayle's grant was next to William
ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #1: 1/6/1673:
150 acres between Garden Creek and East River at the head of the "dammes". Granted Jon. Hampton, 1655, deserted, then to Charles Hill 1658, then to Major Thomas Collis (sic) ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #2: 150 acres on the south side of Garden
Creek, former grant to Ed. Lucas, deserted and granted to Charles Hill, never seated, since granted to Beverley. [EDWARD LUCAS: 1655: Southwest side of Garden Creek - "Lucas his neck."]
JOHN CALLIS' GRANT: 9/26/1678:
620 acres at the "head of the beaver damms adjoining MATTHEW GAYLE."
JOHN DEGGES GRANT: 9/26/1678:
1800 acres: A "Track of land & BEAVER DAMS… lying twixt and bounded round" with the lands of SMITHERS, ISAAC FOSTER, WM. SMITH, PETER STERLING, MR. HAMPTON, MATTHEW GAYLE to the head of Sandy Branch and including 150
acres known as Lucas's Neck and granted to ROBERT BEVERLY in 1673. The Degge patent mentions "Mathews (sic) Gayles Corner Chesnutt tree at ye head of beaver dams," and the patent appears to run from current day Beaverlett to Winter Harbor.
The dams were the headwaters of Garden Creek and Beaverlett, located between Garden Creek and East River, is just slightly northwest of property known as Poplar Grove.] In 1683 a re-survey of 1425 acres of Degge's land noted that the tract was
adjacent to MATTHEW GAYLE, JOHN GARNETT, and MR. HAMPTON. Later the property was divided among family members.
Matthew Gale wrote his will on 1/12/1772. Witnesses were Robert Dudley, James Smith, George Todd and Ambrose Dudley. Legatees were wife Judith Gale; Mathew Gale, Jr.; Joseph Gale and wife, Rachel; Sarah Edwards Deatherage; Elizabeth Poole and
John Edwards Gale, son of Joseph Gale. The will stipulated that Elizabeth Pool's share be kept free from all debts due from her husband, Thomas Pool, in order to support herself and her children. Matthew left his real and personal property, including his
plantation, to his wife Judith during her lifetime and then to his son, Matt, Jr. He left his son Joseph the plantation where his daughter lived and stipulated that following his wife's death his remaining estate be divided among his children. Matthew had
died by 2/18/1779 when his executor's bond was dated and filed. Judith Gale was alive on 2/18/1779 when the following notation was recorded. "Whereas, my husband, Matthew Gale, Dec'd., did by his last will and testament dated Jany. 12, 1772, lend me
all his estate, real and personal, during my natural life, and since the same did make unto my son, Joseph Gale, as his the sd. Matthew's Estate, both real and persona..." The document was signed by Judith Gale and William Wood was named as a
CHILDREN OF MATTHEW AND JUDITH EDWARDS GALE
IV. MATTHEW (1727 - by 1800) married Mary E. (Unknown) and had six children.
IV. JOSEPH (1729 - by 1792) married Rachel (Unknown) and had children.
IV. JOHN (1730-34 - ??) married Sarah White and had children. They were living in King and Queen County, VA in 1765.
IV. JOICE (1731 - 1772) married on 2/1745 to ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - will 12/27/1766). They were married in Spotsylvania County where they made their home and had six children including Robert Dudley, Jr. (?? - ??) who married his cousin Judith Gale,
daughter of Matthew and Mary E. Gale; Peter #1 (?? - ??) who died in infancy; Peter #2 (?? - ??); James (1754 - ca. 1808); William (?? - ??); Joyce (?? - ??)who married Aaron Quinsberry; and Ambrose (8/31/1750, Fredericksburg - 1/27/1825, Lexington,
KY.) who married Ann Parker at Christ Church, Middlesex County, VA on 2/26/1773 and became a Baptist preacher at Bryan's Station in Kentucky. Robert Dudley's will stated he was of St. George's Parish and named his wife Joice and son Robert
Dudley, Jr. Witnesses were REUBEN THORNTON, THOMAS POOLE and Matthew Gale, Jr. Executors were his wife, John Carter, and son Robert Dudley. The will stipulated that the estate was to be kept intact until the youngest child comes of age "for
the benefit of bringing up my youngest children; then to be equally divided amongst them all." (Spots. County, Will Book D - 1761-1772)
IV. ELIZABETH (1735 - ??, Fayette County, KY) married planter THOMAS POOLE (Abt. 1729 - 1819) in 1761 and lived in Culpepper and Stopsylvania. They had a son, John (1/1/1762, Halifax, VA - 3/5/1810, Washington, VA. Thomas Poole was the son
of GEORGE POOLE (Abt. 1704- 2/15/1743) and his wife Elizabeth Rogers of Spotsylvania County. Thomas' paternal grandparents were RICHARD (Abt. 1689, Norfolk VA - 3/8/1740) and ANN BUTT POOLE, who were married in Norfolk, VA on 4/3/1732.
His paternal great-grandparents were GEORGE (Abt. 1669, Princess Anne, VA - 2/3/1718-19, Princess Anne, VA) and ESTHER POOLE.
IV. SARAH EDWARDS (1735-39, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 7/1799, Stokes County, North Carolina) married John Deatherage (1735, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 2/12/1801, Stokes County, NC) about 1750-58. Their children were John, Elizabeth, Phoebe,
Sarah, William B., Phillip B., Mary Catherine, Lewis and Matthew Gale Deatherage (8/5/1797, Stokes Co. NC - 3/1/1863, Missouri City, Fort Bend Co. Texas) who married on 4/1/1817 in Stokes County to Matilda Caroline Simmons (1801 - ??) and had
children. In 1759 John Deatherage purchased land from his brother-in-law, John Gale, in Spotsylvania County. He sold a portion of the land on 7/4/1768 to George Gravitt of same for £15. On 7/4/1768 John and Sarah Edwards Deatherage sold 200 acres in
Spotsylvania County, originally purchased from John and Sarah Gale, to Edward Brasfield of Caroline County for £70. After Sarah died in 1799, John Deatherage married Rachel Mabe (6/1765 - 10/12/1855) daughter of John Mabe.
IV. JUDITH (1739 - 1800, probably Fayette Co., Ky) ca. 1755 married (1) William Edward Darnaby (?? - 7/6/1767, Spotsylvania Co.) and (2) James Smith in 1770, Lexington, Fayette Co. KY). Judith and William had a son, John, who was an apprentice to
Ambrose Dudley, joiner and carpenter, in Spotsylvania.