Chapter 10: Early Gayle Families of Gloucester County, VA
DESCENDANTS OF I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
I. Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
II. Matthew Jr. (Living 1705)
III. Matthew (Est. 1690 - 1779) m. Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779)
IV. Matthew (1727 - 1800) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
V. Josiah (1746 - ??) m. Elizabeth Bartlett
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??) m. Susan White
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Polly (?? - ??)
VI. Sally (?? - ??)
VI. Frankie (?? - ??)
VI. Phoebe (?? - ??)
V. Robert Dudley (1748 - 1815) m. Judith White
VI. Matthew (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??)
VI. Ann (?? - ??)
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Another unknown
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt
[Children from marriage 1]
VI. Matthew (1774 - ??) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
VI. William H. (1775/6 - Bef. 1850) m. 1797 Lucy Dillard
VII. John M. (ca. 1796 - 1850) m. Catherine Searls
VIII. Lewis M. (1827 - ??) m. Frances A. Beazley
IX. William E. (1848 - ??)
IX. Mary L. (ca. 1849 - ??) m. Robert L. Atkinson
IX. Virginia F. (1852 - ??)
IX. Stacy Burr (1853 - ??) m. Ann Marie Satterwhite and had children.
IX. Ella (1854 - ??)
IX. John Thomas (1855 - 1900)
IX. Lewis M., Jr. (1857 - ??)
IX. Frank (1858 - ??)
IX. Emma (1860 - ??)
IX. Sally (1876 - ??)
VIII. George W. (1828 - ??) m. Mary E. Acors
IX. Alice A. (1858 - ??) m. Allen Curtis
IX. Nannie (1861 - ??)
IX. Laurie F. (1866 - ??) m. Robert H. Surles
IX. Arabella Lee (1867 - 1880)
IX. Alma James (1869 - 1952) m. Laura Elizabeth Brown
X. Fannie R. (?? - ??)
X. Nettie (?? - ??)
X. Conway William (?? - ??)
X. Boyd W. (?? - ??)
X. Martha (?? - ??)
X. Eliza Mary (?? - ??)
X. Laura E. (?? - ??)
X. Mary L. (?? - ??)
X. Alma James Jr. (?? - ??)
X. Bertha Brown (1885 - ??)
IX. Elvira Josephine (1874 - 1948) m. (Unknown) Gayle
IX. Leonard (Before 1877 - ??)
VIII. Angelina J. (1830 - ??) m. James F. Brooks
VII. Possibly other children
VI. John (1778-1861) m. Melinda Brassfield (1789 - 1864)
VII. Elizabeth (1809-1844) m. George West
VII. John (1811 - 1844) m. Malinda Freeman
VIII. Wellington G. (1840 - ??)
VIII. John (1842 - ??)
VIII. George (Ca. 1836 - ??)
VII. Joanna (1813-1897) m. John Leonard
VII. Malinda (?? - ??) m. John Works
VII. George (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??)
VII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VII. Robert Hardin (1826-1886) m. (1) M. C. Green, (2) Matilda Tandy, (3) Sarah Tandy
VIII. John Leonard (?? - ??) m. Olive Cassidy
VIII. Effie Estelle (?? - ??) m. (1) Joseph Robinson, (2) Frank G. Brandon
VIII. Augusta (?? - ??) m. William E. Davis
VIII. James (1849 - ??) m. Sarah Montgomery
VIII. Mary B. (1856 - ??) m. Fletcher T. Riley
VIII. Bettie (1858 - ??)
VIII. Henry B. (1861 - ??)
VIII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VIII. William (?? - ??)
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VII. James (1825 - 1897) m. "Sallie" Catherine Green
VIII. Lula Ella (1852 - 1917) m. Madison Monroe Riley
VIII. Emma Evelyn (1857 - 1934) m. Benjamin E. Garvey
VIII. D. Howard (1860-1961) m. Jennie Orr
IX. Lucy (?? - ??)
IX. James (?? - ??)
IX. Jennie (?? - ??) married Victor Rhea, Jr.
VIII. Robert H. (1862 - ??) m. Julia Foree
IX. Margaret (?? - ??)
IX. Noah (?? - ??)
IX. Sarah (?? - ??) m. Francis F. Gates
VIII. Junius W. (1865 - 1942) m. (1) Mamie Alexander, (2) Nora Hackett
IX. Mattie Belle (?? - ??) m. Pryor Perry
IX. Unknown daughter
VIII. Walter S. (1866 - 1903) m. Sarah Byrne
IX. Florence (?? - ??) m. Noble Burford
IX. Mary Jane (?? - ??)
VIII. Corinne (1868 - 1936) m. (1) CharlesAlexander, (2) Prince E. Burroughs
VIII. James (1870 - ??) m. Prudence Wilson
VIII. Albert Delong (1875 - ??) m. Alice Wheeler
IX. James (?? - ??) IX. Sallie (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (1829 - 1917) m. Olive English
VIII. John (?? - ??) m. Pegge (Unknown)
VIII. Ebe (?? - ??) m. Ira Martin VIII. Martha "Mattie" (1856 - ??) m. Dr. J. W. Cornell
VIII. Joanna (1859 - ??) m. Paschal Brock
VIII. English (1863 - 1936)
VIII. Sallie (1868 - 1880)
VIII. Bettie D. (1870 - 1920) m. William Penn Garvey
VIII. Malinda B. (1872 - 1922)
VIII. Susan B. (1874 - ??) m. E. Lawrence Riddle
VIII. Jack/J. G. (2/27/1875 - ??)
VIII. Lindsey (6/17/1880 - 3/17/1899, buried at New Liberty)
VIII. Olive (born & died 1886)
VIII. William or Bill (?? - ??)
VI. Sarah "Sally" Walden (1780 - Aft. 1870) m. George Garrett Freeman (1763 - 1818)
VI. Mary Ellen (Abt. 1784 - ??) m. James F. Kennedy
VI. Nancy (1785 - ??) married (1) Mr. Alexander, (2) Taylor Searcy
VI. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Joanna/Ann (??-??)
VI. Polly (??-??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt [Children from marriage 2]
VI. Josiah Pitt (1792 - ??) m. Frances Broaddus (1803 - 1874)
VII. Mordecai John, "Mock" (1826-1902) m. Virginia Broaddus
VIII. Josiah P. (1849 - 1889)
VIII. Mordecai Waller (1850 - 1917) m. 1878 (1) Martha S. Shepperd (2) Alice Donna Willson
IX. Mordecai Waller, Jr. (1889-1949) m. Virginia Todd Hamilton
IX. Mary Donna (1891 - ??) m. Judson Aldrich Monroe
IX. Virginia Broaddus (1895 -1898)
IX. Helen Randolph (1898 - ??) m. Thomas Clarence Williams
IX. Alice Willson (1900 -1986) m. Kent B. Johnson
IX. James Dejarnette (1904 - 1981) m. Dorothy E. Askew
VIII. Frances Elizabeth (1850 - 1855) twin of Morecai.
VIII. Lillian Hampton (1852 - 1922) m. Frank Taylor Sutton
VIII. Annie E. (1854 - 1937) m. 1878 Philip H. Coghill
VIII. Virginia (1856 - 1876)
VIII. Seth (1858 - 1924) m. 1892 Attie Miller Broaddus
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frederick Kraggie (1860 - ??) m. Willie Cooke Simmons
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. John Broaddus (1863 - 1930) m. (1) Ada Blanche Nuckols, (2) Florence Ethel Parr
M/1: IX. Virginia Belle (1891 - 1990)
IX. Robert Broaddus Gayle (1895 - 1971)
M/2: IX. Eunice Ethyl (1901 - ??)
IX. Russell Garnett (born & died 1904)
IX. John Moseley (1905 - 1906)
IX. Frances Elizabeth (1909 - ??)
IX. John Broaddus, Jr. (1910 - 1919)
VIII. Josephine Dejarnette (1866 - 1937) m. John Cussons Fletcher
VIII. Ida (born & died 1869)
VIII. Sands (1870 - 1918) m. 1902 Sara Look Boatwright (1879 - 1968)
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frank (1873 - ??)
VIII. Almeda (1875 -1875) Twin of Mark.
VIII. Mark (1875 - 1875) Twin of Almeda.
VII. Roberta (1830 - ??) m. Benjamin Leavell
VII. Elizabeth (1833 - ??) m. John Edward Broaddus
VII. Josiah Pitt, Jr. (1836 - 1905) m. Charlotte Leavelle
VIII. Mary Byrd (?? - ??) m. Frederick Sanford.
VIII. Josiah Pitt III. (?? - ??) m. Sally Ferguson
VIII. Lee Leavelle (1883 - 1961) m. Edith (Unknown)
VIII. Elwood Wright (1886 - 1958) m. Deborah Owen
VII. Margaret Ann (1838 - 1926) m. Francis Corbin Beverly
VII. Thomas Benton (1840 - ??) m. (1) Virginia Martha Sanford, (2) Lilly Bullock
VIII. Frances (born & died 1867)
VIII. John (1868 -1870)
VIII. Maurice Rowe (1870 - 1953) m. Estelle Blanche Landrum
VIII. Thomas Benton, Jr. (1872 -1944) m. Ellen Jane (Nell) Pratt
IX. Thomas Benton III (1899-1965) m. (Unknown)
IX. Robert Lee (1918 - 2006) m. Frances O'Hair & had two sons, Stephen Lee and John.
VIII. Frances Broaddus (1874 - 1962) m. John Hopple Corey
VIII. Agnes Crawford (1876 -1953) m. (1) John Roland Johnston (2) Roger Yeaman.
VII. Almedia Frances (?? - ??) m. Absalom Peyton Rowe
VI. Judith (Ca. 1798 - ??) m. William Chapman
VI. Nancy (Ca. 1802 - ??) m. Lunsford Broaddus
VI. Margaret (Ca. 1810 - 1880) m. 1832 Thomas Burrus
VI. Younger Elliot (1811 - D. young)
VI. Elizabeth Pitt (1809 - ??) m. 1825 Daniel Minor Robertson
VI. Gabriella (?? - ??) m. Richard Long
VI. Sewal (?? - ??) went west
VI. Katherine Minor (1812 - 1898) m. 1832 George Burrus (1809- 1876)
V. Matthew Jr. (1750 - 1812) m. Sarah Penn
VI. John M. (1772 - ??) m. Elizabeth Minor
VI. William Edwards (1795 - ??) m. Elizabeth Davies Walden in 1815
VII. Elizabeth (1817 - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VII. George Walden (1818 - 1901) m. Ann Elizabeth White
VIII. John White (1850 - 1853)
VIII. George Walden Jr. (1853- 1930) m. Mary Conlon
VIII. Martha Jane (1855 - 1906) m. Sebastian R. McIlheny
VIII. Thomas Dudley (1857 - 1928) m. Wilma Ward
VIII. William Drury (1859 - 1939) m. Mary F. Rimerman
VIII. Anna Marie (1861 - 1936)
VIII. James Brady (1864 - ??)
VIII. Daniel Elam (1866 - 1939) m. Laura Lillian Hawthorne
VIII. Robert Talbot (1868 - 1948) m. Emma Wood
VIII. Frank Pettus (1871 - 1943) m. Susan Crissey
VIII. Harry Sisson (1876 - 1898)
VII. Sarahan Dudley (1820 - ??)
VII. Fayetta (1822 - 1823)
VII. Martha Jane (1824 - ??) m. James H. Brady
VII. Thomas (1823 - 1824)
VII. William Wallace (1829 - 1908) m. (Unknown)
VIII. James Oscar (1859 - ??)
VII. Evaline (1826 - 1827)
VII. Robert Carter Porter (1834 - ??)
VI. Matthew (1798 - ??) probably went to Missouri
VII. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VII. John Minor (1801 - 1872) m. Elizabeth Holmes Stewart
VIII. Charles (1823 - ??) m. (1) Martha A. Walden, (2) Isabella, (3) Nancy (Unknown)
From M/1: IX. William H. (1849 - ??)
IX. Stewart W. (1851-1854)
From M/2: IX. Alice (1867 - ??)
IX. Betty (1868 - ??)
IX. Daniel (1869 - ??)
IX. Jenetta (1870 - ??)
IX. Charles Jr. (1875 - ??)
IX. Marshall (?? - ??)
VIII. Benjamin Stewart (1825-1891) m. Lucy L. Campbell
IX. Walter Stewart (1859 - ??) m. (1) Dora Wright, (2) Effie Holsworth
VIII. Richard A. (1828-1887) m. Mary V. Campbell
IX. Henry B. (1853 - 1923) m. Christina Watson



X. Henry W. (1885 - 1902)
IX. Elizabeth (1856 - ??) m. Frank Gillis
IX. John C. (1858-??)
IX. Lucy S. (1860 - ??) m. John D. Lee
IX. Thalia S. (1868 - ??) m. Custis Bridgman
IX. Richard A. (1872 - 1946) m/1 Frances Reynolds; m/2 (Unknown)
VIII. Robert Henry (1847-1920) m. Mary E. Gibbons
IX. William G. (1871-1873)
IX. John W. (1873 - ??)
IX. Annie V. (1877-1881)
IX. Arthur G. (1879-1884)
VIII. George William (1834-1896) m. Rebecca Ann Leffler
IX .Herbert (1863 - ??) m. Saddie E. Tanner
IX. Clarence (1866-1948) m. Emma P. Kavanaugh
IX. Leslie (1870 - ??) m/1 Minnie Dalton, m/2 Sarah?
VIII. Josiah (1841-1933) m. (1) Irene O. Dodge, (2) Mary (Unknown)
VIII. John Minor Jr. (1844-1920) m. Maria M. Wright
IX. Arthur S. (1873 - 1873)
VI. George (?? - ??) m. (1) Sophronia Bohannon, (2) Jean Holloway
VII. Mary Ann (?? - ??) m. Robert Hogg Alves
VII. John (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??) Went to Ohio
VI. Josiah (?? - 1849)
VI. Nancy Ann (?? - ??) m. Brooking Taylor
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. (1) Paul Williams, (2)? Smith
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??) m. Benjamin Stewart
V. Judith (1754 - ??) m. Robert Dudley, Jr.
V. Mary (1767 - 1855) m. Joseph Harrison
V. Ann (?? - ??)
IV. Joseph (1729 - by 1782) m. Rachel (Unknown)
V. John Edwards (1760 - ??)
V. James (Living 1800) m. Lucy Sanders Weston
VI. Joseph C. (?? - ??) m. 1828 Martha Bryan
VII. James (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Reuben S. (?? - 1828)
VI. Six other children unknown
V. Elizabeth C. (?? - ??) m. 1800 James Weston
V. Nancy (?? - ??) m. 1795, William White, KY
IV. John (1734 - ??) m. Sarah White & lived in King and Queen County, VA.
V. Judith (?? - ??) m. (Unknown)
V. Lucy Catherine (?? - ??) m. Thomas Lafon
V. Josiah (Est. 1730s - Bet. 1791-95) m. Sally Conduit
VI. James (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI Sally (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??) of Sumterville?
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??)
VI. Robert (1787 - ??) m. Dorcas Barton
VII. Emilene (1817 - ??)
VII. Sarah J. (1819 - ??) m. Thomas Hopkins Tredway
VII. Laure (1822 - ??)
VII. Eliza (1824 - ??)
VII. Josiah (1825 - ??)
VII. Elizabeth (1827 - ??)
VII. Thomas (1830 - ??)
VII. William (1832 - ??)
VI. Mary Craig (1791 - 1851) m. James Isom
VI. Thomas (1793 - ??) m. Mary Ann Greene
VII. William Dudley (1819 -1888) m. (1) Mary Catherine Knox, (2) Katherine Polk.
From M/1: VIII. Mary Knox (1846 -1928) m. Thomas Lawrence Washington
VIII. Anna (1849 - 1849)
VIII. Thomas (1852 - 1852)
From M/2: VIII. Frances Polk (1860 - 1937) m. Frank Whitman Ring
VIII. William Dudley II (1861 - 1921) m. Meta Jackson Orr
VIII. Katherine Polk (1862 - 1889)
VIII. Leonides Polk (1864 - 1890)
VIII. Josephine (1867 - 1876)
VIII. Ethel (1869 - 1870)
VII. Sarah Ann (1821- 1823)
VII. Abner Green (1825 -1909) m. Mary Perkins
VIII. Annie (1855 -1875)
VIII. Thomas (1857 - 1934) m. Anne Sue Thornton
VIII. Jessie (1858 - 1936) m. Marcellus L. Johnson
VIII. Ida (1862 - 1863)
VIII. Jennie (1864 - Aft. 1922)
VII. Edward Richard (1836 - 1916) m. Susan Link Jones
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VIII. Edward Richard II (1885 - ??)
VIII. Rachel Ingram (1886 - 1963)
VII. Eliza Catherine (1838 -1857)
VII. Anna Marie (1841 -1917)
VII. Josiah R. (1842 -1865)
V. George W. (?? - ??) m. Judith E. White
V. John E. (Living 1824)
V. Robert F. (?? - ??) m. Elizabeth Wood
VI. Philadelphia Bohannan (?? - ??)
VI. Mary D. (?? - ??) m. Orman Brown
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Lloyd Hackett
VI. Letha (?? -??) m. Richard Radford
V. William (1755 - 1818) m. (1) Sarah "Sally" Walden, (2) Margaret Pitt
VI. Nancy (?? - ??)
VI. Susannah (?? - ??)
VI. Julia (?? - ??) m. David Elliott
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VI. Henry (?? - ??)
VI. Robert M. (?? - ??)
VI. Temple E. (?? - ??) m. Mattie Riley
VI. Younger (?? - ??)
VI. Josiah (1790 - 1862) m. Mary Thompson
VII. C. William (1824 - ??) m. Catherine (Unknown)
VII. Samuel T. (1841 - ??) m. Mary E. Hambrick
VII. Rufus J. (1838 - ??)
VII. Lloyd B. (1843 - 1863)
VII. Emeline (1845 - 1929) m. William H. McDonald
VII. Possibly Josiah (?? - ??)
VII. Martha (1847 - ??)
VII. Mary (1850 - 1932)
VII. Susan (?? - ??)
VI .William (Abt. 1794 - 1862) m. Margaret Ann Thompson
VI. John William (1794 - 1859-62) m. Christina Bentley Ballou
VII. Robert Croton (1821 - ??) m. Susan Mary Bradley
VIII. Alma (1855 - ??)
VIII. James T. (1857 - ??)
VIII. Elizabeth C. (1858 - ??) m. Mr. Coleman
VIII. John William (1860 - 1941) m. Annie Macklin
IX. George M. (1888 - 1958)
IX. Genevieve Posey (1885 - 1963)
IX. Mary C. (1891 - ??)
IX. Robert Alexander (1897 - 1954)
IX. Francis Garnett (1897 - 1974)
VIII. Orlando Brown (1862 - 1952) m. Sarah Elizabeth Graves
IX. Joseph Lee (1887 - ??)
IX. Sarah F. (1887 - ??)
VIII. Casper Leland (1865 - ??)
VII. Webster (1823 - ??)
VII. Temple E. (1830 - ??) m. Angela Offut
VII. William B. (1832 - ??) m. Lucinda White
VII. Possibly Henry (?? - ??)
V. Thomas (1779 - 1816) m. Nancy Miller
VI. Margaret (?? - ??) m. Joseph Rosson
VI. Walker (1813 - 1818)
VI. Mary "Polly" (?? - Abt. 1839) m. Winston Vaughan
VI. Catherine (?? - ??) m. Preston Alexander
VI. Robert D. (1814 - 1814)
VI. Catherine (?? - ??)
III. Possibly other children
On 1/19/1677 a number of Bacon's leaders were captured by Morris' troops who delivered about 16 of them to Governor Berkeley. On January 24th a trial was held among the burned ruins of Jamestown and James Crews, John Digby, William Rookins, Colonel William West and John Turner, Bacon's Southside leaders, were condemned to death. Crews and Digby were hanged and Rookins died in prison, but West and Turner escaped. Twenty-one other men from a variety of Virginia counties were hanged and others banished from the country, stripped of their rights of citizenship and heavily fined.

Matthew Gayle/Gale is presumed to have survived since there is no record of his being jailed or hung. It is possible that he fled to England following the rebellion and returned to Virginia when he was referenced on the 140 acre grant to JOHN WATERS bounded by WILLIAM ELLIOTT and adjoining COLL. DUDLEY and RICHARD LONGEST, again in Gloucester County. A second grant to Waters followed on 5/1/1679 for 500 acres in Gloucester adjoining "his former dividend & Coll. Dudley, Law: Perrott, Charles Jones, Coll: Kemp, William Elliott, to Richard Longest … Headrights listed were Jonas Vernay, John Morgan, FRA. JARVIS, ANN JARVIS, MATH. GALE, MARGT. GALE, ELIZ. GALE." (Mason) Ann Jarvis is said to have been Ann Gale, who married Francis Jarvis.

Connections in these families surface in marriages of both the Elliott and Longest families with the Dudleys in Gloucester County. And Matthew Gayle's grandson, Matthew (Est. 1690 - 1779) and his wife Judith Edwards Gayle of Kingston Parish and Spotsylvania County, VA, had a daughter, JOICE (1731 - 1772) who married ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - will 12/27/1766) in 1745.
CHILD OF MATTHEW & UNKNOWN GALE/GAYLE
II. MATTHEW JR. (Living 1705)
II. PROBABLY OTHERS

II. MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. (Est. 1680s - Living 1705) was the son of the immigrant Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. He must have been of age in 1705 as he is shown as the owner of 250 acres of land in Kingston Parish. It is assumed that he married and it is the opinion of this writer that at least one of his sons was Matthew Gale (Est. 1690s - 1779) who married Judith Edwards and resided in Gloucester and Spotsylvania Counties.

CHILD OF MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. & UNKNOWN WIFE
III. MATTHEW (Est. 1690s - 1779) married Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779).
III. PROBABLY OTHER SIBLINGS

III. MATTHEW GALE (Est. 1690 - 1779) was born in Gloucester at an unknown date to Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. At some point the -Y- was dropped from the name but records relating to Matthew contain both spellings from time to time. Matthew married JUDITH EDWARDS and had children. On 5/17/1733 his Gloucester property was surveyed by Robert Perry and his family went to live in Spotsylvania County, settling in ST. GEORGE'S PARISH, where Matthew appears on 4/6/1738 when he witnessed the deed of Thomas and Sarah Benson to Edward Levill/Leavelle of Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County, for 200 acres in Spotsylvania on branches of the Massaponnax. Other witnesses were George Nix and Martin Trew.

SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY was formed from portions of Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties and became operative as a county in 1721. By 1730 it held two parishes, St. George's and St. Mark's, the latter becoming Orange County formed in 1734. At that time the land mass contained what are now the counties of Orange, Madison, Culpeper and Rappahannock. A vast wilderness located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Spotsylvania enjoyed an increase in migration from the Tidewater regions of Virginia during the early to mid-1700s. To attract settlers to the region, the Virginia General Assembly waved property taxes for three years for those who had established themselves in the area by 1/1/1735.

On 7/11/1740 Matthew Gale purchased 200 acres "in a valley" from John and Sarah Snow of St. Mark's Parish, Orange County. Witnesses were Thomas Jones, John Mallory and Henry Rogers. The location is noted on 3/24/1742 when John Snow of Louisa County, planter, sold 200 acres in St. Thomas Parish to planter Thomas Ballard of Orange County. The tract was described as being near the head of Blew Run and boundaries were given as land formerly owned by John Bryson, the "brow of a hill," and "Mathias Gale's corner." Witnesses were John Allen, George Taylor and Thomas Scott. The following day, 7/12/1740, Matthew was a witness with John Mallory and Thomas Jones when John Snow sold 206 acres "at John Bryson's line" in St. Mark's Parish to Henry Rodgers. On 10/7/1740 Matthew Gale and Francis Turnley witnessed the deed of Robert Biscoe of Lancaster County to James Brown of Spotsylvania County for 97 acres granted by patent to Joseph Delanie on 9/28/1728. [In Orange County in 1741 John Snow served on the jury in the case of Thomas Redd vs. David Gayle. The latter's identity has not been established.]

On 2/29/1743 Matthew witnessed the will of George Poole along with Sharshall Grasty and Daniel DuVal. He also witnessed the will of William Holloday of St. George's Parish, dated 12/4/1744 and proved 5/6/1746. Witnesses were William Waller and Henry Rogers. On 7/18/1749 Matthew appears on a list of payables for the Easternmost (East) River Warehouse in Gloucester County for 185 pounds of tobacco. In 1758 Matthew witnessed a deed when John Gayle bought 800 acres in Spotsylvania. He was also listed on records of both Orange and King and Queen Counties.
I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650s - Living 1705), an immigrant from England, received a grant of 284 acres in Kingston Parish in Gloucester County on 10/8/1672. The year of his birth was estimated based on the time of his gramt. He married (UNKNOWN) and had at least one son, Matthew Gayle, Jr., since between 1702 and 1705 "Capt. Gayle" appears in records of Kingston Parish with 164 acres of land and "Matthew Gayle, Jr." appears with 250 acres. Matthew's name was spelled G-A-Y-L-E on his grant, but it appears that members of this family adopted both spellings of the name, Gale and Gayle. Circumstantial evidence suggests him to be of the Gale families of Yorkshire and Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, and it is the theory of this writer that he was the son of ROBERT GALE (1590 - 1656) of Acomb and Tralee and an unknown wife whose children included MATTHEW (who would have beenl living in 1672), GEORGE (?? - ??), ROBERT (?? - ??), MARY (?? - ??) and JOHN GALE, THE ELDER (Abt. 1610/15, Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland - 1680). [SEE CHAPTER 2]

John Gale's grandson, GEORGE GALE OF (1671 - 1712) of WHITEHAVEN and SOMERSET COUNTY, MARYLAND, came to Virginia before 1700 where he met and married MILDRED WARNER WASHINGTON, widow of LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and grandmother of PRESIDENT GEORGE WASHINGTON. In his history of the town of Whitehaven Daniel Hay stated, "...it is difficult to do much research on Virginia history without coming back to the Gale family and in 1733 Ambrose Grayson [George Gale's nephew] and Alice, his wife, conveyed to Matthew Gale of Gloucester County, Virginia, 300 acres in St. George's Parish." [Spotsylvania County] -- [SEE CHAPTER 20]
THE DUDLEY FAMILY
Whether it is mere coincidence or an indication of an earlier relationship between the families prior to the marriage of JOICE GAYLE to ROBERT DUDLEY in 1745, it is interesting to note that SIR ROBERT DUDLEY (Living 1568) was, in the 1600s, both Collector of the Port and Mayor of Newcastle on Tyne where the Gales resided prior to migrating to Whitehaven. His descent is as follows:

I. SIR ROBERT DUDLEY (Living 1568) married Anne Wood.
II. ROBERT DUDLEY (Abt. 1570 - ??) married Bridget Green.
III. EDWARD DUDLEY (1602 - 1654) married Elizabeth Pritchard (1600 - 10/2/1691, York Co), and immigrated to the Virginia Colony around 1637. He was transported by Thomas Hampton, Rector of Wilmington Parish Church in Jamestown and later of Hampton Parish in Yourk County in 1646. He settled in York County but later moved to Lancaster in an area that later became Middlesex County The earliest Dudley property was on the south side of Rappahannock River, in Middlesex and Gloucester. The Elliotts, who intermarried with them, also lived in Middlesex County.
IV. WILLIAM DUDLEY (1621, Bristol, England - 1677,VA) married Elizabeth Cary (1621 - ??) and settlled in Lancaster/Middlexex where the birth of his children were recorded in the register of Christ Church Parish. He was Justice of Middlesex in 1676 but later resided on Mobjack Bay in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County. [IV. RICHARD DUDLEY (Abt. 1623 - Abt. 1687, Gloucester County, VA), brother of WILLIAM IV, married Mary Seawell about 1645 and patented land on Mobjack Bay near William. In 1667 he was elected to the vestry of Kingston Parish and was later a Colonel in the Militia.
V. JAMES DUDLEY (Bet. 1659-1702 - ??) married 1) Mary Welch, 2) Elizabeth (Unknown) and 3) Ann Fleet (?? - 1722) He moved from Middlesex County to Gloucester County where he was elected to the Vestry of Petsworth Parish in 1682.
VI. WILLIAM DUDLEY (8/12/1698 - 1/15/1760) married Judith Johnson in 1721. His sisters were: SARAH (1681 - ??); ELIZABETH (1687 - ??) m. 1710) Thomas Elliott (ancestors probably of the Elliotts of Lancaster and Brunswick counties); and MARY (1693 - ??) m. 1711 John Berry.
VII. ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - Will 1766) m. 1745 JOYCE GAYLE (1731 - 1772) of Spotsylvania Co.
VIII. ROBERT DUDLEY JR. (?? - ??) m. cousin JUDITH GALE (1754 - ??), daughter of Matthew and Mary E. Gale.
VIII. CAPT/REV. AMBROSE DUDLEY (8/31/1750, Fredericksburg - 1/27/1825, Lexington, KY) m. 2/26/1773 Ann Parker, Christ Church, Middlesex Co. Served 1794 with General Wayne in the Northwest. Became a Baptist preacher at Bryan's Station in Kentucky. Robert Dudley's will stated he was of St. George's Parish and named his wife Joice and son Robert Dudley, Jr. Witnesses were REUBEN THORNTON, THOMAS POOLE and Matthew Gale, Jr. Executors were his wife, John Carter, and son Robert Dudley. The will stipulated that the estate was to be kept intact until the youngest child comes of age "for the benefit of bringing up my youngest children; then to be equally divided amongst them all." (Spots. County, Will Book D - 1761-1772)
SONS: IX. ROBERT DUDLEY (1774 - ??) & IX. AMBROSE DUDLEY (Living KY 1845).

THE POOLE FAMILY
THE POOLE FAMILY were English and French merchants who appeared on 3/18/1667 when a tract of 500 acres in Baltimore County, MD was surveyed for GEORGE GALE and assigned to DAVID POOLE, merchant. A patent dated 8/2/1668 described the tract as being on the North side of the Patapsco River opposite the land of Hugh Kersey. They were in Gloucester County on 3/16/1701-02 when THOMAS POOLE was named as a signer on an address of the Magistrates and Militia Officers of Gloucester County. Other signers included JOHN WATERS, John Degge, Simon Degge, Phillip Hunley, RICHARD DUDLEY and AMBROSE DUDLEY.

On 2/5/1744 the will of Thomas' father, George Poole, was proved in Spotsylvania County. It named his wife Elizabeth; sons Thomas and Micajah (??-1806); daughter Mary, wife of William Stevens; daughter Elizabeth, wife of James Brown; granddaughter Mary Brown; daughter Ann, wife of James Walston; granddaughter Mary Walston; daughter Joanna, wife of James Young; daughter Milley; and daughter Sarah. Witnesses were Daniel Duval, Sharshall Grasty, and Matthew Gayle. Executors were Poole's wife and sons Micajah and Thomas.

On 10/1/1747, a grant of 168 acres of land in Kingston Parish to one THOMAS HAYES was described as being east of the East River beginning at James Callis' corner and adjacent to Matthew Gale, Alexander Craig, Henry Knight to Pool's line to Joseph Billups corner.

Thomas Poole, a planter, was living in Culpeper County on 3/2/1754 when he sold 400 acres in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania, to James Ball of Lancaster County, Gent. Witnesses were Matthew Gale, John Menefee, and Philip Vincent Vass. (Spots. Co. DB E/195, 1751 - 1761)

In 1770 JOSIAH GALE of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, witnessed a notice of indenture for THOMAS POOLE and on 3/7/1786 Jas. Mitchim, Rich'd Coleman, Ephraim Beasley and MICAJAH POOLE, Thomas' brother, witnessed the sale of 50 acres in Berkeley Parish, Spotsylvania County. This was the last mention of Micajah Poole in Spotsylvania prior to moving with Thomas to South Carolina where he died. His will, dated 9/3/1819 and proved 12/20/1819, named children Robert Poole and Nancy Young, wife of Robert Young. Executors were Alexander W. Adams and Francis White and witnesses were Alexander Stuart, W. Wier and Joel Lipscomb. (South Carolina, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds, Box 73, Pack 1783 & 1784) - [The reference to Joel Lipscomb provides a connection to the Gayles of South Carolina. John Gayle, brother of Billups Gayle of that state, studied law with Judge Abner S. Lipscomb (1789 - 1856), son of Joel and Elizabeth Chiles Lipscomb.
[SEE CHAPTERS 15&16]

It appears that Elizabeth Gale Poole died before 1790 since on 12/7/1790 THOMAS POOL (sic) and his wife Leah, of Spotsylvania County, sold 100 acres of land in Spotsylvania to John Greenhorn of same and on 6/28/1806 the will of Captain Thomas Poole was recorded in Abbeville District, South Carolina. Administrators were Leah, MICAJAH POOL (sic), Robert White, and JOHN GAYLE. Others named were Abraham Poole, Elizabeth Poole, and Park Eddins. (SC, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds, Box 73, Pack 1784) The following reference may also pertain to this family. The will of Thomas Williams, Sr., dated 9/4/1788 and proved 3/20/1789 in North Carolina, mentions his wife Elizabeth; sons, THOMAS POOL (sic) WILLIAMS, Christopher Williams and John Williams; and daughters Elizabeth, Susannah, Margaret (or Peggy) and Sarah Beasley. Executors were sons Thomas and Christopher Pool and friend John Humphries. Witnesses were Malachi Sawyer, SARAH GALE and Sarah Cary. Mentioned as part of the estate were the net proceeds of the Schooner Betsey's cargo…Rack brig Washington. (Jones, Gordon C.; Abstracts of Wills and Other Records, Currituck and Dare Counties, North Carolina, 1663 - 1850)

THE THORNTON FAMILY
The Thornton family patented lands in what is now Stafford, King George, Orange and Spotsylvania Counties, including the town of Fredericksburg. REUBEN THORNTON, a witness to the will of ROBERT DUDLEY, husband of Joice Gayle, descended from WILLIAM THORNTON III (1627, Scarborough, Yorkshire - 1708, Stafford Co., VA) who arrived in Virginia in 1641, settled in York County and married (1) Eliza Belling and (2) Elizabeth Rowland. In 1677 he was a vestryman of Petsworth Parish and operated the ship Mary Jane, trading between the Americas and the West Indies. Thornton was named in the will of THOMAS DANBY, Knight, dated 1659, tthat also mentioned JOHN GALE (1601 - 1685) of Farnley Hall, Leeds, the 16th century seat of the Danby family. The will also named Danby's son and daughter-in-law, Christopher and Ann Colepepper/Culpeper (1630 - 1695) Danby, who migrated to their Virginia plantation to "plant and reside."

William's son, FRANCIS THORNTON I (11/5/1651, Fall Hill, Stafford Co. - 1726), a merchant of St. Mark's Parish, Caroline County, married on 4/13/1673 to (1) Alice Savage (1653, Gloucester Co., VA. - 1695, King George Co., VA.), (2) Jane Harvey, and (3) widow Ann Riding. His children, by his first wife, were Elizabeth; Margaret; Anne; Anthony; William T.; Sarah (12/17/1680 - ??) who married Lawrence Taliaferro in 1706. FRANCIS THORNTON II (1/4/1682 - 2/6/1738), son of the first Francis, married MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO (1686,
Powhatan Plantation, Essex, Co. -- 1774) in 1703 in St. Mark's Parish, Spotsylvania, VA. In May of 1719 they conveyed 300 acres in the fork of Snow Creek to Augustine Smith and John Taliaferro for a glebe. Francis' brother, ROWLAND THORNTON (8/1/1685 - ??), married Elizabeth Catlett.

CHILDREN OF FRANCIS & MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO THORNTON:
IV. JOHN THORNTON (?? - 3/11/1779) married Mildred Gregory and had four daughters. Mildred married Samuel Washington; Mary married Gen. Woodford; Elizabeth (1742-43 - ??) married John Taliaferro; and Lucy married John Lewis, only son of Col. Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington.
IV. FRANCIS THORNTON III (4/7/1714 - 4/7/1749, Spotsylvania, age 38) married Mary Frances Gregory (Ca. 1720 - 1/22/1790, Spotsylvania Co.) on 9/3/1736 and had six children. Francis IV married Ann Thompson; George married Mary Alexander; William married Mary Stuart, John married Jane Washington, Mildred married Charles Washington and Mary married (1) William Champe, and (2) Churchill Jones.
IV. REUBEN THORNTON (1717 - 1768) of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, married Elizabeth Gregory, daughter of Roger and Mildred Washington Gregory, but had no children. His will of 1768 made bequests to his nieces Mary Woodford, Lucy Gilmer, Mildred Washington and his nephews, James Taylor, Richard Buckner, and Thornton Washington, the son of Samuel Washington and the nephew of George Washington. William Woodford was named one of the executors and witnesses were WILLIAM BUCKNER, ANTHONY THORNTON, GEORGE TODD, and MATTHEW GALE.
IV. ELIZABETH MARY (1718-22 - 1757) married THOMAS MERIWETHER in 1735.
IV. ALICE (?? - 11/19/1762); married LAWRENCE CATLETT
IV. MARY (1706 - 1757) married NICHOLAS BATTALIE
IV. SARAH (Abt. 1708 - ??) married (1) CHARLES TALIAFERRO and (2) THOMAS SLAUGHTER.
IV. WILLIAM #2 (?? - ??)
Fall Hill, home of Francis Thornton III
(http://fredmarkers.umwblogs.org/2008/03/27/fall-hill-e-49a/
Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1995)
Warner Hall, home of Augustine Warner, Gloucester County
THE THORNTON HOME known as Fall Hill on the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County was home to Col. Francis Thornton III and his wife Frances Gregory, daughter of Mildred Washoington Gregory, aunt and Godmother of George Washington. . On the road to the property lies a circular indentation in the rock known as Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl or the Indian Punch Bowl, carved in the stone by local Indians and said to be the spot where they brewed poison for the tips of their arrows. Thornton cleaned it out and used it to serve punch during his riverside parties. The date, 1720, and some of the initials of his friends were carved around the bowl and are still visible (2010).
Also in 1758 Matthew Gale, John Gale, William Darnaby and Robert Dudley were among the supporters of FIELDING LEWIS (1726 - 1781) who ran for a seat in the House of Burgesses. Fielding's parents were Colonel John Lewis (1694 - 1754) and his wife Frances Fielding (ca. 1702 - 1731) . His uncle, Robert Lewis (1704 - 1765), was the grandfather of explorer Meriwether Lewis. Lewis was born at Warner Hall in Gloucester, VA, the home of Augustine Warner whose daughter. Warneer's daughter, MILDRED WARNER WASHINGTON (1671 - 1701), married first to Lawrence Washington and secondly to GEORGE GALE of Somerset County, Maryland.

Fielding Lewis married his second cousin, Catherine Washington (?? - 2/19/1750), daughter of John and Catherine Washington, on 10/18/1746. John Washington was the first cousin of President George Washington. After Catherine's death Fielding married George's sister, Betty Washington (?? - 1797), on 5/7/1750 and had children.
GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VIRGINIA, formed from neighboring York County, contained four parishes, Abingdon, Petsworth, Ware and Kingston. In 1791 county residents, including some of the Gayles, sucessfully petitioned to have a new county formed from Kingston and a portion of Ware Parish. Consequently, all references to Kingston after that year refer to Mathews County. Since many Gloucester records were burned, sources other than county records have been largely relied upon to flesh out the families.

The first known Gayle to arive in Gloucester was
MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650s - Living 1705). His family is profiled here through the third generation, who later moved to St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, VA. Subsequent generations are detailed in the next chapter. [NOTE: One MATTHEW GAYLE (Living 1747) owned land adjoining the 168 acre grant on the east side of East River on 10/1/1747 to Thomas Hayes. Adjoining lands included that of Alexander Crays and Henry Knight. [John and Susanna Davis Gayle owned 123 acres adjoining Walter James & Henry Knight.]

Other early Gayles in Gloucester include
JOSEPH GAYLE (Est. 1700 - By 1782), JOHN (1720-30 - 1790) & MARIA BILLUPS GAYLE, MATTHIAS GAYLE #1 (Est. 1730s - 1774), MATTHIAS GAYLE #2 (Est. 1730s - By 1818), JOSEPH GAYLE (Est. 1740-50 - Aft. 1789) and THOMAS GAYLE (Living 1750s).


Kingston Parish Church, Mathews, VA
GRANT OF MATTHEW GAYLE & RELATED GAYLE PROPERTIES IN KINGSTON PARISH
THE FOLLOWING TIMELINE showing Gayle family and related properties was constructed to show associations between the family of Matthew Gayle, the immigrant, and other Gayle families in Kingston Parish. It should be noted that this list is not indicative of all property owned by each individual.

WILLIAM HAMPTON'S GRANT: 3/25/1651:
700 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, on the east side of East River on the south side of a creek. William Hampton Jr. was granted 42 acres next to his father on 10/28/1697 adjoining land formerly owned by ROBERT CULLY (Living 1682) whose family intermarried with the Gayles.
HENRY SINGLETON'S GRANT: 1651: 320 acres on the east side of East River in Mobjack Bay beginning at Mr. Hampton's land. [This is probably what later became the property of the "WIDOW SINGLETON."]
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #1: 6/29/1651:
613 acres on Pudden (sic) Creek (See Grant #2 below).
THOMAS TODD'S GRANT: 10/27/1652:
150 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River between Mr. Hampton and Philip Hunley.
WILLIAM HOULDER'S GRANT: Originally granted THOMAS TODD on 10/15/1653:
600 acres on the west side of East River in Mockjack (sic) Bay beginning at Chestnut Creek.
JOHN HAMPTON'S GRANT: 7/14/1655:
150 acres "beginning at the head of the beaver dams between Garden Creek and the Eastermost River, assigned from Lt. Coll. Walker."
JOHN MANN'S GRANT: 11/20/1661:
600 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River at Chestnut Creek adjoining WM. HOLDEN (sic). On 12/22/1682 a tract of 63 ½ acres on the east side of East River, once part of MR. MANN'S land, was granted to ROBERT & RALPH ARMISTEAD CULLY.
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #2: 8/19/1672:
460 acres beginning at Philip Hunley's landing place on Pudding Creek adjoining RICHARD LONG & MARK FOSTER, who was granted 100 acres on 6/6/1654 located at the head of Pudden Creek. [CALEB HUNLEY (Abt. 1735 - 1797), grandson of Philip and Anne Pettus Hunley, was the son of James and Mary Morgan Hunley. Caleb married Elizabeth Smith and appeared next to WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS on the 1790 census. Caleb's brother, James Hunley, married Mary Morgan. His sister, Mary Hunley (1742 - 1772), was the first wife of Houlder Hudgins. Both the families of Caleb Hunley and Houlder Hudgins were neighors of Captain Robert Gayle (1745 - 1783). NOTE: On 5/17/1733 the property of Matthew Gale of Gloucester was surveyed by Robert Perry and his family went to live in Spotsylvania County. Forty years later, on 11/27/1773,
CAPTAIN ROBERT GAYLE (1745 - 1782) purchased 88 acres in Kingston Parish in two parcels from WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS next to CALEB HUNLEY. BOUNDARIES: (1) 40 acres: WILLIAM & ANN TOMKINS to ROBERT GAYLE beginning at a corner holly standing in THOMAS GAYLE'S line to a corner point in WILLIAM HUGINS (sic) line to a corner maple in JAMES HUNLEY'S line to a corner point in Thomas Gayle's line and from there to the beginning place. (2) 48 acres: Beginning at a corner point in WILLIAM HUDGINS line to a white oak, E to a white oak in JOHN PARSON'S corner to the Bever (sic) dam and then to Thomas Gayle's corner to the corner holly to the beginning place. JOHN GALE, obviously a relative, paid 70 cents to record the deed. The names of the owners of neighboring properties and the reference to the beaver dam indicates this tract may have been a portion of the original grant to Matthew Gayle, the immigrant.
MATTHEW GAYLE'S GRANT: 10/8/1672: [THE SPELLING ON THE ORIGINAL GRANT IS G-A-Y-L-E]
284 acres in Kingston Parish along the back line of Philip Hunley. Headrights were William Blake, James Paine, Mary Bullock, Thomas Harwood, Anne Herdford and John Arthur. See the John Degge grant below. Gayle's grant was next to William Hampton.
ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #1: 1/6/1673:
150 acres between Garden Creek and East River at the head of the "dammes". Granted Jon. Hampton, 1655, deserted, then to Charles Hill 1658, then to Major Thomas Collis (sic) ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #2: 150 acres on the south side of Garden Creek, former grant to Ed. Lucas, deserted and granted to Charles Hill, never seated, since granted to Beverley. [EDWARD LUCAS: 1655: Southwest side of Garden Creek - "Lucas his neck."]
JOHN CALLIS' GRANT: 9/26/1678:
620 acres at the "head of the beaver damms adjoining MATTHEW GAYLE."
JOHN DEGGES GRANT: 9/26/1678:
1800 acres: A "Track of land & BEAVER DAMS… lying twixt and bounded round" with the lands of SMITHERS, ISAAC FOSTER, WM. SMITH, PETER STERLING, MR. HAMPTON, MATTHEW GAYLE to the head of Sandy Branch and including 150 acres known as Lucas's Neck and granted to ROBERT BEVERLY in 1673. The Degge patent mentions "Mathews (sic) Gayles Corner Chesnutt tree at ye head of beaver dams," and the patent appears to run from current day Beaverlett to Winter Harbor. The dams were the headwaters of Garden Creek and Beaverlett, located between Garden Creek and East River, is just slightly northwest of property known as
Poplar Grove.] In 1683 a re-survey of 1425 acres of Degge's land noted that the tract was adjacent to MATTHEW GAYLE, JOHN GARNETT, and MR. HAMPTON. Later the property was divided among family members.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Matthew Gale wrote his will on 1/12/1772. Witnesses were Robert Dudley, James Smith, George Todd and Ambrose Dudley. Legatees were wife Judith Gale; Mathew Gale, Jr.; Joseph Gale and wife, Rachel; Sarah Edwards Deatherage; Elizabeth Poole and John Edwards Gale, son of Joseph Gale. The will stipulated that Elizabeth Pool's share be kept free from all debts due from her husband, Thomas Pool, in order to support herself and her children. Matthew left his real and personal property, including his plantation, to his wife Judith during her lifetime and then to his son, Matt, Jr. He left his son Joseph the plantation where his daughter lived and stipulated that following his wife's death his remaining estate be divided among his children. Matthew had died by 2/18/1779 when his executor's bond was dated and filed. Judith Gale was alive on 2/18/1779 when the following notation was recorded. "Whereas, my husband, Matthew Gale, Dec'd., did by his last will and testament dated Jany. 12, 1772, lend me all his estate, real and personal, during my natural life, and since the same did make unto my son, Joseph Gale, as his the sd. Matthew's Estate, both real and persona..." The document was signed by Judith Gale and William Wood was named as a witness.

CHILDREN OF MATTHEW AND JUDITH EDWARDS GALE
IV. MATTHEW (1727 - by 1800) married Mary E. (Unknown) and had six children.
IV. JOSEPH (1729 - by 1792) married Rachel (Unknown) and had children.
IV. JOHN (1730-34 - ??) married Sarah White and had children. They were living in King and Queen County, VA in 1765.
IV. JOICE (1731 - 1772) married on 2/1745 to ROBERT DUDLEY (1726 - will 12/27/1766). They were married in Spotsylvania County where they made their home and had six children including Robert Dudley, Jr. (?? - ??) who married his cousin Judith Gale, daughter of Matthew and Mary E. Gale; Peter #1 (?? - ??) who died in infancy; Peter #2 (?? - ??); James (1754 - ca. 1808); William (?? - ??); Joyce (?? - ??)who married Aaron Quinsberry; and Ambrose (8/31/1750, Fredericksburg - 1/27/1825, Lexington, KY.) who married Ann Parker at Christ Church, Middlesex County, VA on 2/26/1773 and became a Baptist preacher at Bryan's Station in Kentucky. Robert Dudley's will stated he was of St. George's Parish and named his wife Joice and son Robert Dudley, Jr. Witnesses were REUBEN THORNTON, THOMAS POOLE and Matthew Gale, Jr. Executors were his wife, John Carter, and son Robert Dudley. The will stipulated that the estate was to be kept intact until the youngest child comes of age "for the benefit of bringing up my youngest children; then to be equally divided amongst them all." (Spots. County, Will Book D - 1761-1772)
IV. ELIZABETH (1735 - ??, Fayette County, KY) married planter THOMAS POOLE (Abt. 1729 - 1819) in 1761 and lived in Culpepper and Stopsylvania. They had a son, John (1/1/1762, Halifax, VA - 3/5/1810, Washington, VA. Thomas Poole was the son of GEORGE POOLE (Abt. 1704- 2/15/1743) and his wife Elizabeth Rogers of Spotsylvania County. Thomas' paternal grandparents were RICHARD (Abt. 1689, Norfolk VA - 3/8/1740) and ANN BUTT POOLE, who were married in Norfolk, VA on 4/3/1732. His paternal great-grandparents were GEORGE (Abt. 1669, Princess Anne, VA - 2/3/1718-19, Princess Anne, VA) and ESTHER POOLE.
IV. SARAH EDWARDS (1735-39, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 7/1799, Stokes County, North Carolina) married John Deatherage (1735, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 2/12/1801, Stokes County, NC) about 1750-58. Their children were John, Elizabeth, Phoebe, Sarah, William B., Phillip B., Mary Catherine, Lewis and Matthew Gale Deatherage (8/5/1797, Stokes Co. NC - 3/1/1863, Missouri City, Fort Bend Co. Texas) who married on 4/1/1817 in Stokes County to Matilda Caroline Simmons (1801 - ??) and had children. In 1759 John Deatherage purchased land from his brother-in-law, John Gale, in Spotsylvania County. He sold a portion of the land on 7/4/1768 to George Gravitt of same for £15. On 7/4/1768 John and Sarah Edwards Deatherage sold 200 acres in Spotsylvania County, originally purchased from John and Sarah Gale, to Edward Brasfield of Caroline County for £70. After Sarah died in 1799, John Deatherage married Rachel Mabe (6/1765 - 10/12/1855) daughter of John Mabe.
IV. JUDITH (1739 - 1800, probably Fayette Co., Ky) ca. 1755 married (1) William Edward Darnaby (?? - 7/6/1767, Spotsylvania Co.) and (2) James Smith in 1770, Lexington, Fayette Co. KY). Judith and William had a son, John, who was an apprentice to Ambrose Dudley, joiner and carpenter, in Spotsylvania.
FAMILY CONNECTIONS
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IN ADDITION TO MATTHEW GAYLE, THE IMMIGRANT, other Gayles in Gloucester include those below and in Chapters 11 through 16. Given the fact that families during that time tended to be large and many traveled together, it is likely that Matthew had brothers and that they had several children. So cousins could have included the family of the four brothers, ROBERT, THOMAS, GEORGE and MATTHIAS GAYLE, and JOSIAH and MATTHEW GAYLE who left Gloucester after the Revolution and went to from 1754 to 1776, South Carolina. There is also circumstantial evidence that links them with the families of COL. GEORGE GALE of Maryand and CHRISTOPHER GALE of North Carolina.
I. Joseph (Est. 1700 - By 1782) m.Catherine (Unknown)
II. John (Est. 1720-30 - by 1790) m. Susannah Davis
III. Elly (1759 - ??)
III. Mary (1761 - ??)
III. Leah (1765 - ??)
III. Margaret (1767 - ??)
III. Joyce (1768 - ??) m. Robert Hunley
III. Leaven (1763 - 1827) m. Margaret Esther Williams, daughter of Samuel Williams.
IV. Susanna Williams (4/20/1791 - ??) m. John Pierce Fleet
IV. Peggy Williams #1 (1793-1795)
IV. Frances Dunton (1795 - 1795)
IV. Peggy Williams #2 (1796 - ??)
IV. John Matthias (1798 - 1864)
V. Possibly John M. Gayle, Jr. (?? - 1864)
IV. Nathaniel Goffigon (1799 - 1843) m. Kitty F. Garland
V. Levin C. (1833 - 1886) Unmarried
V. Nathaniel (1835-1880) m. Sarah F. Tabb
VI. Nathaniel (1874-1963) m. Beulah Tebo
VII. Catherine (1902 - 1957) m. Roland C. Day
VII. Sarah Frances (1912 - 1987) m. Carter Cunningham Lively
VI. Ada Lee (1869-1880)
VI. Catherine F. Garland (1876 - 1893)
VI. Margaret E. (?? - ??)
V. John M. (1835/6 - 1893)
V. Columbus (1837 - ??)
IV. Salenia Frances (1801 - ??)
IV. Edeth Ester Williams (1802 - 1802)
IV. Levin (1804 - 1886) m. Sarah F. Brown
V. Leaven (1838 - 1901) NFI
V. Bristoe Brown (1839 - 1862)
V. Sarah F. (1843-44 - 1887)
V. "Essie" (??- ??) m. William H. Wilson, Jr.
V. John Henry (1835-36 - 1884) m. married (1) Mary Waltham and (2) Cora Wilcox of North Carolina.
VI. John H. (1871 - 1915) m. W. C. Gayle
VI. Cora W. (1872 - 1942) m. Frank Patterson Hunter
VI. Edward Maupin (1875 - 1938)
VI. Mattie (1877 - 1879)
VI. Sarah H. (1874 - ??)
II. Joseph Jr. (Est. 1725 - By 1789)
IV. Joice (1731 - 1772) m. Robert Dudley in 1745.
IV. Elizabeth (1735 - ??) m. Thomas Poole
IV. Sarah E. (1737 - 1799) m. John Deatherage
IV. Judith (1739-1800) m. (1) William Darnaby ca. 1755; m. (2) James Smith
I. JOSEPH GAYLE (Est. 1700 - Before 1782) was born to unknown parents sometime around 1700 based on the birth of his son John. He settled in Gloucester County, married CATHERINE (UNKNOWN) and had children. It is the theory of this writer that Joseph was of the same famly as Matthew Gayle, the immigrant. The names Christopher, Joseph, Levin and Leah appear in both the Gayle families of Kingston Parish and the Gale families of the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland, suggesting a relationship of some kind also to the family of Col. George Gale of Somerset County, MD. Based on the fact that records mention of John, son of Joseph, during this time period, I am assigning John Gayle who married Susannah Davis as the son of Joseph and Catherine Gayle of Kingston Parish. In fact, in 1774 John Gayle, "son of Joseph," appeared on executor's receipted bills in the parish with Simon Stubblefield, James Stuart, William Wilkins, Wiatt Hunley, William Bellamy, William Stuart, Robert Mathews, and Edward Hughes, uncle of Gabriel Hughes [SEE BELOW].

From 1756 until 1766, Joseph appeared on the Gloucester County Slave list. On 11/13/1766 one JOSEPH GAYLE sold 337 acres, about half a mile from East warehouse, Gloucester County.
" (Advertisement) To be SOLD, on the Premises, the 10th of December next. 337 ACRES of GOOD LAND, whereon is a good dwelling house, with 4 fireplaces below, and 2 brick chimnies, a kitchen with a brick chimney, and two fireplaces below, all other necessary houses, and two orchards. Also a quarter of a mile from thence, on the said plantation, stands a house 20 by 16 with a brick chimney, and a Negro quarter by it. About two acres of the said land is well timbered, the rest very clear and level, and lies within half a mile of East warehouse, in Gloucester county. The time of payment will be agreed upon at the day of sale. JOSEPH GAYLE." (Virginia Gazette, Hunter (Williamsburg, Virginia)

On 4/14/1774, JOHN GAYLE sold to WILLIAM SMITH 297 acres on East River, Gloucester County.
"(Advertisement) To be SOLD, on the premises, the 25th of this instant, April, pursuant to a deed of trust conveyed by John Gayle to William Smith, A TRACT of LAND situated on East river, in Gloucester county, and convenient to fish and oysters. The land is in good order for cropping, and produces as good corn and tobacco as any in the said county, if taken proper care of. There are 297 acres; which may be purchased reasonably for ready money. WILLIAM SMITH." (Virginia Gazette, Rind (Williamsburg, Virginia)

Joseph died sometime before 1782 when his estate of 270 acres was listed. The same year Catherine Gayle appeared with the same number of acres and was charged with tax in Gloucester County until 1789. Joseph Gayle Sr.'s estate was listed as 245 acres from 1791 to 1793. [In 1774-75 a Catherine Gayle was listed in Kingston Parish with three white males in her household.]

CHILDREN OF JOSEPH & CATHERINE (UNKNOWN) GAYLE
II. JOHN GAYLE (Est. 1720-30 - By 1790) married Susanna Davis and had children.
II. JOSEPH GAYLE JR. (Est. 1725 - By 1789)

II. JOHN GAYLE (EST. 1720-30 - 1790) of Kingston Parish was born sometime around 1720-30 to Joseph and Catherine Gayle. The date of his birth was estimated from his marriage on 9/12/1758 to SUSANNA DAVIS, daughter of John Davis. The marriage and the births of their children were recorded in the Kingston Parish Register. Susannah's brother, Isaac Davis, married Anne Gayle on 2/27/1750, also in Kingston Parish, and had a son John Davis (8/18/1757, baptized 8/21/1757 - ??) who moved to Missouri where he died. John and Susanna had six known children.

On 11/20/1752 John Gayle, John Miller and Anthony Degge Jr. were ordered by the York County Court to appraise the estate of Humphrey Hundley, deceased. The appraisal was performed on 1/15/1753. From 1757 to 1774 John appeared on the Gloucester County Slave list.

On 9/11/1770 John Gayle, son of Joseph, acquired 341 acres in Kingston Parish on the East River, formerly the property of Caleb Hunley, and conveyed by him to John Davis and John Gayle. This property was bounded by the mouth of Pudding (sic) Creek, a large marked pine in JNO. GAYLE'S cornfield, a marked beech, a corner white oak, JOSHUA GAYLES ESTATE, a white oak at the corner of this and Joshua Gayle's estate, the land of JARVIS PEED, and a large marked pine near the East River. In 1770 the 341 acre tract was purchased by Samuel Williams and became the site of
Poplar Grove. In 1774, John Gayle, son of Joseph, appeared on executor's receipted bills with Wiatt Hunley and Edward Hughes, uncle of Gabriel Hughes, et al. From 1774 to 1775 he appears in Gloucester as a single head of a household with ten slaves and 122 acres of land. On 4/25/1774: Sold to William Smith 297 acres on East River, Gloucester County.

In 1782 John is shown on the Gloucester County Tax List with 122 acres and in 1784 with 124 acres. From 1782 through 1786 he is listed with ten slaves. On the first census of the United States in 1784, John Gayle is listed with seven persons in his household, one dwelling, and three other buildings. In 1787, the last year John appears on either the land tax or personal property list, he was listed with 205 acres of land that was inherited by his son, Leaven. John Gayle died on 10/27/1790 and his wife Susanna died on November 11th of the same year.

CHILDREN OF JOHN & SUSANNA DAVIS GAYLE
III. ELLY (6/25/1759 - ??) baptized 8/5/1759.
III. MARY (2/14/1761 - ??) baptized 3/15/1761.
III. LEAVEN/LEVIN (1/26/1763 - 1827) baptized 3/13/1763, married Margaret Esther Williams.
III. LEAH (1/12/1765 - ??)
III. MARGARET (4/10/1767 - ??)
III. JOYCE (12/7/1768 - ??) married Robert Hunley.

SLAVES OWNED BY THE FAMILY OF JOHN & SUSANNA DAVIS GAYLE
Owner JOHN GAYLE (1720-30 - 1790) and wife Susannah Davis Gayle: 10 UN-NAMED SLAVES (Gloucester County Tax Lists 1782 - 1786)
Owner LEVIN GAYLE (1763 - 1827) and wife Margaret Esther Williams Gayle: 9 UN-NAMED SLAVES, 1791; 17 UN-NAMED SLAVES, household goods, farm animals, shipyard utensils and slaves. On 12/2/1820 some of his slaves were sold to his son, John M. Gayle. (Virginia, Norfolk County, Deed Book 48)
Owner JOHN MATTHIAS GAYLE (1798 - 1864), son of Levin Gayle: 7 UN-NAMED SLAVES, 1820 Census: one male over 45, one male under 14, two females under 14, one female 14 to 26, two females over 45. 3 UN-NAMED SLAVES, 1830 Census: one female under 10, one female between 10 and 24, and one female between 24 and 36. 3 UN-NAMED SLAVES, 1840 Census: one male under 10, one female between 10 and 24, and one female between 24 and 36.
Owner "KITTY" GAYLE, widow of NATHANIEL GOFFEGON/GOFFIGON GAYLE (1799 - BY 1843). 2 FEMALE SLAVES, AGES 2 and 20, 1850 Census, Mathews County. "Kitty" was listed on the 1860 Census in Portsmouth, VA, NORFOLK COUNTY, again with two slaves.
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III. LEAVEN GAYLE (1763 - 1827) was born on 1/26/1763 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, VA to John and Susanna Davis Gayle. He was an active soldier during the Revolution, especially at the siege of Yorktown where he commanded a company of the Gloucester Militia. A ship builder, Leaven acquired his father's property and first appeared on the tax list in 1788 with 205 acres of land. This acreage was retained through 1790 when John Gayle died. On 6/12/1790 Leaven married MARGARET ESTHER/EASTER WILLIAMS, daughter of Samuel Williams (1725 - 1789) and wife Sarah Dunton Williams, and had several children. His afiliation with the families of DUNTON, GOFFIGON and WILLIAMS are indications of an association to the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland.

From 1791 through 1794 Leaven is shown with 124 acres, part of the property of John Gayle, deceased. There were obviously financial problems and in 1794 Leaven and one George Gayle were sued by Philip Sansum [Ransom?]. In December of the same year the following was recorded.
"The Commonwealth of Virginia, to the Sherriff of Mathews County, greeting---We command you, that of the Goods and Chattels of Leaven Gayle and George Gayle late in your bailiwick, you cause to be made the Sum of Thirty Seven pounds twelve Shillings which John Seawell Exectr in the same court were adjudged for his Damages, as well as by reason of detaining the said Debt as for his costs in that suit expended, whereof he is convicted…" (Lilly, Billups, Stoakes Family Papers) There was more than one George Gayle in Kingston Parish during this time and it is not clear which of them was referred to here.

On 12/18/1794 Leaven and his wife Easter (sic) sold 123 acres of his property toRichard Billups,
"…sold…between Leaven Gayle and his wife Easter…Richard Billups…certain tract or parcel of land…in Mathews County…formerly the property of John Gayle Dec'd containing by survey one hundred and twenty three acres beginning at the mouth of a cove adjoining Walt James…south…to a corner in Henry Knights Line…to a corner in Johnsons Line…near a _____shop…to the Creek…for the valuable consideration of…(torn) - [witnesses]John Lewis, John D. Jarvis, Henry Rispess, Richard Gregory, John Patterson {as to Mrs. Gayle…} - (Lilly, Billups, Stoakes Family Papers) - [NOTE: A possible relationship is suggested when on 1/22/1791 John Billups sold to George Billups 1000+ acres in Kingston Parish at corner of the land of Edward James, son of Matthias and Elizabeth James and nephew of Walter and Sarah Gayle James. In 1799 Catherine James appears on an Executor's Bond with George Gayle and Francis Jarvis.]

In 1795 the Mathews County Fee Books list several charges for Leven (sic) Gayle vs. Wyley, and one charge against Williams. In 1797 Dr. Edmond L. Briggs, husband of Hannah Williams, made a payment of $600.00 on 123 acres of land "at present occupied by Capt. Leaven Gayle", purchased from Richard Billups, and in 1801 Levin signed a note to Billups "Rec'd 31st March 1797 of Doctor Edmond L. Briggs the Sum of Six Hundred Dollars in part payment for the purchase of one hundred & twenty three acres of land at present occupied by Capt. Leaven Gayle & I do oblige myself my heirs & to make a deed to the said Briggs for this land on his complying with a contract entered into between him & Richard Gregory for the same & if on my return from Richmond & make a tender of a deed for the same it must be understood that the balance of the money to with ninety Six pounds fifteen Shillings is to be and must be paid by the said Docr Briggs either to Richard Gregory or Richard Billups…Teste Henry Rispess - Gaius Dean". (Lilly, Billups, Stoakes Family Papers)

Tax lists from 1791 through 1800 showed Leaven's household with two White males over 16, six Negroes over 16 and two Negroes over 12. In 1792 there were again two White males over 16, three Negroes over 16 and one Negro over 12. In 1793 and 1794, Leaven had three White males over 16, four Negroes over 16 and two Negroes over 12. In 1795 the same number of White males were listed with six Negroes over 16. 1796 showed two Whites over 16 and four Negroes over 16. In 1797 only one White male over 16 was listed with the same number of Negroes. In 1798 there were two White males over 16 and five Negroes over 16. In 1799 there were still two White males over 16, four Negroes over 16 and one Negroe over 12. In 1800 there were three White males over 15 and five Negroes over 16.

In 1804 Leaven served in the Virginia Militia as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Regimental Command of the Mathews County 61st Reg. Brigade 14, Division 4. He was also listed with this regiment on 7/26/1809. During the War of 1812 he served with the 9th Regiment in King and Queen County on April 5th through 14th of 1813 and on 3/17/1814 he was sent to Urbanna and New Port Comfort. Levin was Acting Brigade commander of Major Thomas Hill's Detachment at Camp Jones, Urbanna and Aylette's Warehouse, King William County beginning on 12/5/1814 to 12/21/1814. As part of the 61st Regiment of Mathews he served as a Colonel under Captain Thomas James during the years of 1813 and 1814 and later as Colonel under his brother-in-law, Captain Gabriel Hughes. Serving with him were Bartlett Gayle, Elijah Gayle, John Gayle, John T. Gayle, Joseph Gayle, Joshua Gayle, Miles Gayle, Thomas Gayle, Thomas - son of Joshua Gayle, and Thomas - son of Matt Gayle.

Beginning in 1806 Leaven served as a Justice for Mathews County, continuing in that role in 1808 and 1812. On 7/14/1806 Leaven and William Williams were bound with Elley Williams, executrix of the estate of Gregory Williams, deceased, to Thomas Smith, Henry Fleet, John Peyton and H. G. Billups, Justices of the County, in the amount of $3000.00. In fact, he was named in several court actions involving the estate of Samuel Williams, and on 5/14/1811 a court order was issued in Mathews County regarding the executorship account of Thomas Williams on the estate of Samuel Williams, deceased. The County commissioners ordered a further division of the dower slaves of Margaret Williams, deceased, and directed what sums of money would be paid to Leaven Gayle and Gabriel Hughes with the balance to be equally divided among nine distributees. Also in 1811 there is a suit between Leaven and Margaret Williams, the executrix of Samuel Williams' estate, but the case was dissolved in 1817. Leaven continued to appear in court records and between 1811 and 1812 he was sued by William Lane. Leaven himself sued several persons including Thomas Eddens, Samuel Williams (exor), Jno. Roberts, Thomas Fitchett and John B. Rogerts.

By 1812 Leaven owned 400 acres on East River three miles west of the courthouse. He owned the same acreage through 1818 and in 1819 was shown with 324 acres. Beginning in 1818 there are other court actions involving Leaven, including one in June of 1820 involving Thomas James, Jr. vs. Leaven Gayle and Mordecai Cook, joint obligers with John P. Fleet, in the amount of $502.00. From 1818 to 1820 there are several deeds of trust in which Leaven is indebted to various persons including John L. Hudgens, Christopher Tompkins, Arthur Sinclair, Wilson Cunningham, Robert Callis, Henry Ransone, Frances Jarvis, William Respess and others…totaling about $3,000.00. Leaven puts up his slaves, household goods, farm animals and shipyard utensils. On 12/2/1820 he sells some of his slaves to his son, John M. Gayle. Leaven was listed with eight slaves in 1788, four in 1789, five in 1790, nine in 1791 and 17 in 1810. By 1820 he and his family had moved to Portsmouth, Virginia, where on 3/18/1820 a Portsmouth paper ran an article stating, "The subscriber has just opened under the dwelling occupied by Col. Gale, at the corner of Court and Middle Streets, a fresh assortment of groceries and offers his service as auctioneer and commission merchant. Wm. P. Young. "

Leaven Gayle and his family were members of Trinity Episcopal Church. He died on 6/9/1827 in Portsmouth and his obituary read,
Another Revolutionary soldier gone. Departed this life on the 9th inst. At the advanced age of 64 years, at his residence in Portsmouth, Col. Leven (sic) Gayle, formerly an eminent ship builder in the county of Mathews. Col. Gayle was actively employed as a soldier during the revolutionary war, particularly so during the siege of Yorktown, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. In the last struggle with England, he commanded a highly respectable force of Virginia troops in and about the county of Mathews, adjacent to the Chesapeake Bay. He was a man of sterling worth and integrity. The greatest panegyric that can be offered in remembrance of his virtues is that he was the noblest workmanship of his Creator, 'an honest man'. (The Palladium, Portsmouth, Va., 6/15/1827)

CHILDREN OF LEAVEN AND MARGARET ESTHER WILLIAMS GAYLE [The 1810 Mathews County census listed Leaven as the head of a household, age between 26 and 45. Also listed were his wife, one female and three males between 10 and 16, one female and two males under the age of 10, and two males between ages 16 and 26. This differs from Leaven and Margaret Gayle's children below that include nine born between 1791 and 1804.
IV. SUSANNAH (SUKEY) WILLIAMS (Mon. 4/20/1791 - ??) married John Pierce Fleet and had a daughter, Mildred Esther Fleet (8/10/1816 - 12/1/1864). Mildred married Ambrose Marchant (2/1815 - 1/21/1854), whose brother Alexander Marchant (Bet. 1810 - 1817 - Bef. 1850) married Elizabeth Minter (1818 - Aft. 1900) in Mathews County, daughter of James Minter. After Ambrose died Elizabeth married William H. Gayle. [See profile of William H. Gayle]
IV. PEGGY WILLIAMS #1 (Fri. 7/11/1793 - 5/2/1795)
IV. FRANCES DUNTON (2/11/1795 - 4/18/1795)
IV. PEGGY WILLIAMS #2 (3/20/1796 - ??)
IV. JOHN MATTHIAS (Sun. 1/21/1798 - ??) listed on the 1820 census with 13 un-named residents in his household.
IV. NATHANIEL GOFFEGON (Friday, 11/15/1799 - ca. 1843, Mathews Co., Va.) married Catherine "Kitty" Frances Garland.
IV. SALENIA FRANCES (SARAH F.) (Sunday, 3/1/1801 OR 1805? - 6/15/1885) married William F. Tonkin on 6/26/1830; bond by Nathaniel G. Gayle. "Married in Portsmouth on Thursday, Mr. William F. Tonkin and Miss Frances Gayle, daughter of the late Col. Levin Gayle of Mathews Co., by Rev. Woodson." (American Commercial Beacon, Saturday, 6/264/1830) Tonkin appears to have been a partner of the firm of Gayle & Tonkin of Norfolk mentioned in correspondence of Christopher Tompkins from 1807 - 1836). Other firms mentioned in connection with the Gayles were Gayle & Ryan of Norfolk, John Gibson of Baltimore, Wilson & Cunningham, and James B. Cunningham of Cunningham & Co. of Norfolk.
IV. EDETH ESTER WILLIAMS (Thurs. 9/13/1802 - 9/13/1802)
IV. LEVIN (11/20/1804 - ??) married Sarah F. Brown.

THE WILLIAMS FAMILY
SAMUEL WILLIAMS (1725 - 1789) was born to John and Mary Fountain Williams in Somerset County, Maryland on 10/25/1725. He was descended from MICHAEL WILLIAMS (1617 - Bef. 12/28/1650) of Gravesend, England, who came on the ship George on 8/21/1635 and patented Holly Grove on Nassawadox Creek in Northampton County on 10/11/1646. Michael's son, THOMAS WILLIAMS (1643 - 1720) inherited Holly Grove and married Frances Robinson on 6/17/1684. Their children were Thomas (1684/5 - ??), Sarah (1686 - ??), Mary (?? - ??), Hannah Turpin (1688 - ??), Elizabeth Herne (?? - ??), and JOHN WILLIAMS (2/20/1692-93 - 1760), the third owner of Holly Grove, who married (1) SARAH BEAUCHAMP on 10/16/1717, (2) MARY FOUNTAIN on 11/24/1724 and (3) ELIZABETH POLK on 4/10/1733. Two children were born to Samuel and Mary Fountain Williams, SAMUEL (1725 - 1789) and HANNAH (12/5/1727 - ??).

On 11/7/1753 in Northampton County SAMUEL WILLIAMS (11/25/1725 - 1789) married (1) SARAH HAGGOMAN of
Oak Grove, a descendent of Sir George Yeardley and his wife Temperance Flowerdew. In 1755 he purchased a portion of a 300 acre tract in Northampton County from Jonathon, Mary and Margaret Widgeon. The property was originally purchased by Robert Widgeon in 1675 from Captain Argall Yardley (sic). Following the death of Sarah Haggoman Williams. on 12/4/1764 Samuel married (2) SARAH DUNTON (?? - by 1772), daughter of Levin Dunton Sr. (1725 - 11/12/1776) of Northampton County, son of Benjamin and Mary Waterfield Dunton. Samuel and Sarah Dunton Williams had two daughters before Sarah's death, after which he married (3) MARGARET NOTTINGHAM (?? - 10/1/1810), daughter of Thomas and Scarborough Nottingham of Lebanon, later Milford, on 12/12/1772.
SEE CHAPTER 11 FOR MATTHEW'S DESCENDANTS BEGINNING WITH GENERATION IV
Samuel Williams died on 5/19/1789 and was buried in the Williams family cemetery, which still exists and containd nine sandstone markerswith dates from 1789 to 1823…Leah Williams, departed this life March 1798, Babe of Wm. & Leah Wiliams, departed this life March 1798. [This is Leah Goffigon Williams of the Eastern Shore whose birth is recorded in the Family Bible of John Goffigon on 8/28/1775. She died in childbirth along with her baby and both were buried in the Williams graveyard.] Samuel Williams, Born Sept. 14, 1799, Died Aprl. 4, 1855; W. M. Williams, departed this life 28 Sep. 1801; Susanna Williams, departed this life, 31 May 1804; Lucy, Daughter of William & Deley Borum Williams, Born Dec. 23, 1848, Died April 1, 1854; Samuel Williams, departed this life the 19th May, 1789; Louisa, daughter of William & Deley Borum Williams, Born Jan. 30, 1831, Died Oct. 4, 1843; In memory of Seth, son of Sterling & Hannah Borum, who died Sep. 30th, 1835, Aged 1 year - 15 days; Thos. Son of Samuel Williams, departed this life Sept. 30th 1823, Aged 61 years 4 months & 14 days; Samuel R. Williams, born Aug. 5, 1836, died July 25, 1848. (Ernst & Sheridan)

CHILDREN OF SAMUEL & SARAH HAGGOMAN WILLIAMS:
V. JOHN WILLIAMS (8/17/1754 - will written 12/10/1804, probated 4/9/1805) married (1) on 8/11/1775 to Edith Nottingham, daughter of Thomas and Scarborough Nottingham, married (2) on 8/17/1787 Margaret Glanville; married (3) on 6/12/1793 Margaret "Peggy" Goffigon (3/21/1779 - 6/1/1836), daughter of Southy (1740 - 1788) and Margaret Evans Goffigon of Accomack, Virginia, and sister of John, James and Leah Goffigon.
V. WILLIAM WILLIAMS (4/9/1759 - 9/28/1801) married (1) on 4/29/1786 Mary Nottingham, daughter of Thomas and Scarborough Nottingham; married (2) on 8/3/1795 Leah Goffigon (8/28/1775 - 3/1798), sister of John, James, Southey, Peggy, Nancy, and Nathaniel Goffigon. Leah died in childbirth in 1798 and she and her child are buried in the Williams Family Cemetery in Kingston Parish, Mathews County, Va.
V. THOMAS WILLIAMS (5/5/1762 - 9/19/1823) married on 5/15/1793 (1) Susan Billups (?? - 5/31/1804) and (2) Mary Lilly Billups (1/1/1785 - 6/25/1857) on 10/18/1804. Thomas, children were William (l0/26/l805 - 7/23/1885) who married Delelia (Delely) Borum (12/15/1812 - 6/29/1887), daughter of John and Mary Smith Borum, on 1/7/1830; John (6/l8/l807 - ??) who married Paulina Herbert; Joice (9/11/1809 - ??) who married Capt. Thomas G. Weston; Hannah (6/12/l8l2 - ??) who married Sterling Borum, Sr.; Josiah (10/11/1813 - ??) who married Emma Rains; Drusilla (8/16/1818 - ??) who married John A. Weston; Benjamin (10/11/1821 - ??) who never married; and Thomas Columbus Washington Jackson Perry Cary Williams (Thomas for short) - (6/11/1816 - ??) who married Mary Louisa Smith.

CHILDREN OF SAMUEL & SARAH DUNTON WILLIAMS:
MARGARET ESTHER (7/5/1768 - ??) married on 6/12/1790 to LEVIN GAYLE, son of John and Susannah Davis Gayle. Kingston Parish records show that both Levin and Margaret were baptized on 1/9/1776.
MARY "POLLIE" (10/18/1765 - ??) married on 3/31/1785 to GABRIEL HUGHES JR. (1762 - 1836), according to the Hughes Family Bible. Gabriel was born on 11/7/1762 to Gabriel Hughes Sr. and his wife. His paternal grandparents were Reverend Thomas Hughes (1697 - 1754), minister of Kingston Parish Church, and Susannah Throckmorton. The home tract of Thomas Hughes was called
Bear Mountain and was described on a 1754 survey in Kingston Parish. The surveyor's map in the Gloucester County Clerk's office locates the property west of the Glebe Road and north of the Main Road, with Bennet's Creek running through the tract. (Gloucester County Clerk's Office, Surveyor's Book, 1733 - 1806) Thomas Hughes constructed a mill pond and tide-mill on the property that passed to his sons, Edward, John, and Gabriel Hughes, Sr. (ca. 1724 - Bet. 1783 -1791) on his death. Gabriel Sr. inherited the tract with the house, married Ann Lane, sister of Ezekiel Lane of Goshen, and he and his brother, Edward, acquired additional land and ran the mill and an adjoining shipyard. During the Revolutionary War they had a schooner under construction and a contract to build transport barges for Virginia's State army.

In the summer of 1778 Gabe Jr. enlisted in Captain Richard Billups Company under Lt. Robert Francis Gayle, serving for three months, primarily at New Point Comfort and Cricket Hill. In 1779 he served in the same unit under Captain Philip Tabb and Lt. James Gwynn. In 1781 British forces invaded Virginia, mounting raids along the James River before retreating with the British fleet to Hampton Roads. During this time and under General Thomas Nelson, Gabe marched with the Gloucester Militia to Williamsburg through King and Queen County and then to Burwell's Ferry [Carter's Grove Plantation]. Gabe served until 5/1/1781 and in June of that year joined the troops at Yorktown under Captain Houlder Hudgins when Cornwallis invaded Virginia. After the British surrender at Yorktown Gabe was discharged but continued to serve until 1783 whenever the militia were called out. He died sometime after 1783 and his property on Bennet's Creek was inherited by sons, Thomas, Francis and Gabriel Jr. Gabe was engaged in shipbuilding and commanded vessels that traded locally and abroad. He served in the War of 1812 along with his brother-in-law, Levin Gayle. Gabriel and Pollie Williams Hughes had seven children before his death on 10/20/1836. They were Sarah Dunton, (1/10/1786 - ??), Elizabeth (2/12/1788 - ??), Thomas (4/30/1791 - ??), Mann Page #1 (12/25/1792 - by 1799), Ann Lucy (4/20/1796 - ??), Mann Page #2 (6/12/1799 - ??) and Frances (6/3/1806 - ??).

CHILDREN OF SAMUEL & MARGARET NOTTINGHAM WILLIAMS:
SARAH SCARBROUGH (?? - ??) married Col. Christopher Billups (7/31/1763 - ??). In 1793 the couple sued Peggy, Hannah, Elizabeth, Susanna, Molly F. and guardian Margaret Williams.
ELIZABETH (?? - ??) married John Dixon Jarvis
HANNAH (?? - ??) married Dr.? Briggs
SUSAN (?? - ??) married Capt. Francis Bright
MARGARET "PEGGY" (?? - ??) married Mr. Deans
ANNIE (?? - ??)
MARY FOUNTAIN (?? - ??) married Dr. Seth Sheppard
Poplar Grove Mill (Photocopy from the collection of Sally Reed Gayle, deceased) -- 2003 Photo, Gayle N. Mandell
In 1770 Samuel purchased a tract of 341 acres on the East River in Kingston Parish, formerly owned by John Davis and John Gayle, along with additional property in the county. On 9/13/1774 he sold his Eastern Shore property and settled in Kingston Parish where he developed his estate, Poplar Grove. The tract consisted of 640 acres near old Kingston Church including the home known as Springhill, sold by Francis Armistead to Shepherd Gabriel Miller before the Civil War, and the East River Warehouse that operated during the Revolutionary War. With the help of slave labor Williams and his sons Thomas and William operated a mill and general store on the property. Poplar Grove Mill is the only mill of is kind in Virginia and one of the few tide mills left in America. It was burned by Union troops during the Civil War but was later rebuilt and remained in operation until 1912. It was still standing in 2012.
Two Eastern Shore families allied with the Gayles were the Goffigons and Humts. The Goffigon Family Bible found at Millford, one of the homes of the Nottingham family on the seaside in Lower Northampton County, Virginia, contains references to other allied families, including DUNTON, JARVIS & NOTTINGHAM. Levin Gayle's son, Nathaniel Goffigon Gayle, was named for this family.
Nathl. Goffigon, Sr. 31st January, 1808. (See entry below)
Nathl. Goffigon son of James & Molly Goffigon departed this life the 31st day of January 1808 in the 61st year of his life.
Frances Goffigon wife of Nathl. G. 8th September 1817. (See entry below)
Frances Goffigon relict of Nathaniel Departed this life September 14th, 1817.
Nathaniel Goffigon son of Nathl. And Frances his wife departed this life 25 day of September 1796.
Esther Goffigon, relict of Southey Goffigon departed this life March the 8th 1844. Aged 57 years, 5 months, and 23 days.
Southey Goffigon son of Southey Goffigon died January 14th 1825. Born april 17th 1777 - aged 47 years 8 mo. and 28 days.
Polly Goffigon, wife of James Goffigon died 21st of September 1851. Funeral preached by P. Williams.
Frances Jarvis daughter of Nathl. & Frances Goffigon his wife departed this life 25 day of October 1796.

MARRIAGES
Nathaniel Goffigon intermarried with Frances Dunton the 20 day of december 1772.
Fredk. Goffigon married to Mary E. Nottingham October 23d. 1851.

BIRTHS
Nathaniel Goffigon father of said children was born 10 of January, 1747.
Frances Goffigon the above-mentioned wife was (born) 20th of April 1754.
Sally Goffigon daughter of Nathl. Goffigon and Frances was born 7 of March 1774.
Frances Goffigon daughter of Nathl. And Frances Goffigon was born 10th of November 1776.
Nathl., son of Nathl. Goffigon and Frances, was born March 19th, 1780.
An infant born dead 19 day of January 1785.
Esther Goffigon daughter of same was born October the 13th, 1786.
John Goffigon son of the same parents was born 3d. of June 1789.
Sukey Goffigon daughter of the same parents was born 17th of April 1792.

DEATHS
John Goffigon son of Nathl. 25th September, 1796
Frances Jarvis wife of William Jarvis 21st October 1796.
Nathl. Goffigon son of Nathl. September 12th, 1797.
FRANCES "Fanny" GOFFIGON (11/10/1776 - ??), daughter of Nathaniel and Frances Dunton Goffigon, married THOMAS HUNT (?? - 1/14/1795, Northampton Co.) on 5/18/1791, and the union suggests an additional connection to the Gayles in Gloucester. ELISHE and MARY HUNT, children of Azariah and Ann Willett Hunt (?? - 4/13/1736) of Northampton County, were named as coheirs at law in the will of GAWTON HUNT, dated 5/3/1753 and proved on 5/14/1754. Witnesses were Anne Tompkins, Mary Ash and JOSIAH and MARY GAYLE. [SEE CHAPTER 16] Additionally, the Goffigons and Hunts were named in the will of WILLIAM WILLET, dated 10/18/1739 and proved 3/11/1739. Willet named daughters, Elizabeth Goffigon, Leah Goffigon and Ann Hunt; grandson Thomas Willet; granddaughter Mary Willet; three grandsons William, Hillary and Douglas Willet; grandchildren Mary Hunt, Elishe Hunt, Isabell Senior and Mary Senior; and daughter-in-law, Frances Gelding. Willet's three sons-in-law, Thomas Goffigon, James Goffigon and Thomas Hunt were named executors. Also mentioned were John Williams, Azariah Hunt, Charles Thomsons, James Spady, Mr. Hambleton, Thomas Clay, Frances Stokely, Thomas Benthall and William Baker.

IV. JOHN MATTHIAS GAYLE (1798 -??) was born on Sunday, 1/21/1798 to Levin and Margaret Williams Gayle in Kingston Parish. It appears that John married since he appears on the 1820 census with a total of 18 residents in his household including three white males under 10, three white males under 16, one between 16 and 26, and one between 26 and 45. There were also two white females between 16 and 26, one white female under 10, and seven slaves. It was noted that two people were involved in agriculture and three in manufacture. In 1830 John was listed with 11 residents including one white male under 5, one between 5 and 10, one between 10 and 15, one between 15 and 20, and one between 40 and 50. White females included one under 5, one between 10 and 15, and one between 30 and 40. There were also three female slaves. In 1840 John M. Gayle is listed with 13 residents in his household including one white male under 5, one between 5 and 10, one between 10 and 15, three between 15 and 20, two between 20 and 30, and one between 50 and 60. Only one white female was listed between 15 and 20. There were seven persons employed in trades or manufacture.

During the War of 1812 John M. Gayle is listed on the payroll for Thomas Carey's Company, 21st Regiment, Virginia Militia, for the period 3/24/1814 to 1/8/1815. Also listed were members of the Philpotts family who were neighbors. Surveyor's Book #1 of Gloucester County for the period 1812 to 1852 contains a survey of Lot No. 1, the property of John M. Gayle, containing 400 acres. The survey shows a drawing of a small 1 ½-story house with a large chimney, a gabled front entry with a window to the right and another door and window at the side of the house. To the northwest is the home of a Mrs. Blackley and to the north is the John Philpotts house.

On 6/1820 John is named in a court action with John P. Fleet as "joint obligers" with Leaven Gayle and Mordecai Cook versus Thomas James, Jr. In 1820-1821 Thomas Hughes, assignee of Mary Wiatt, sues John M. Gayle and Wm E. Gressitt, defendants, for debt. The court ruled for the plaintiff in the sum of $23.00 and 6% interest from 9/15/1816 and the case continued for several months. In March of 1821 John C. Booker, assignee of Richard Singleton, guardian of James Hughes Bentley, orphan of Hughes Bentley deceased, sued John M. Gayle, surviving obliger of John M. Gayle and Ro. Ransone for debt. John is listed on the Mathews County Slave Schedule from 1820 through 1840.

SLAVES OWNED BY JOHN M. GAYLE
1820: 1 MALE over 45, 1 MALE under 14, 2 FEMALES under 14, 1 FEMALE 14 to 26, 2 FEMALES over 45.
1830: 1 FEMALE under 10, 1 FEMALE between 10 and 24, 1 FEMALE between 24 and 36.
1840: 1 MALE under 10, 1 FEMALE between 10 and 24, 1 FEMALE between 24 and 36.

CHILDREN OF JOHN M. & UNKNOWN GAYLE
V. POSSIBLY JOHN M. GAYLE, JR. (?? - 1864) On 10/29/1864 John Matthias Gayle was killed in the Civil War battle at Burgess Hill. Since John Mathias Gayle would have been 66 years old at the time, this reference is assigned to John M. Gayle, Jr.
OTHER UN-NAMED CHILDREN
IV. NATHANIEL GOFFEGON/GOFFIGON GAYLE (1799 - BY 1843) was born to Levin and Margaret Esther Williams Gayle on Friday, 11/15/1799. His middle name was derived from the Eastern Shore family of the same name. Nathaniel married CATHERINE "KITTY" FRANCES GARLAND (6/8/1812, Gloucester Co. VA - 4/24/1885) and had four children. He appears as head of a household on the Mathews County tax list in 1842, but in 1843 "Kitty, w. of Nat," takes his place on the list. She appears again in 1849 in the Account Book of Baldwin and Foster, Merchants. On the 1850 Mathews County Census, Kitty Gayle, age 48, appeared next door to Shep Miller. According to this census her birth year was 1802; however the 1860 census and her tombstone note that she was born in 1812. Living with her in 1850 were Levin K., age 19, bricklayer; Nathan, 17, clerk; John H., age 15; Columbus, age 13; and two female slaves, ages 2 and 20. In 1860 the family is listed on the census for Jackson Ward in Portsmouth as Kitty F. Gayle, age 48 (sic) -- should be 58; Levin C., bricklayer, age 27; Nathaniel, carpenter, age 25; John M., bricklayer, age 23; and Columbus J., age 20. In 1870 the census of Portsmouth lists Levin C., age 37, bricklayer; William B. Collins, 35, bricklayer, both of Virginia. In 1880 Kitty F. Gayle appears on the census as 68 years of age, which again puts her birth year as 1812. Her home was at 422 London Street in Portsmouth. She died on 4/24/1885 at age 73 of Typhoid Fever and was buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery.

CHILDREN OF NATHANIEL AND KITTY GAYLE
V. LEVIN CHRISTOPHER (1833 - 12/2/1886) known as "Kit" Gayle, bricklayer.
V. NATHANIEL G. (1/15/1835, Norfolk, Va. - 5/23/1880) married on 6/15/1867 to Sarah Frances "Sadie" Tabb in Portsmouth, VA.
V. JOHN M. (1836 - 1893) a carpenter and bricklayer in Portsmouth per the 1860 census.
V. COLUMBUS (1837 - ??) settled in Alabama.
Home of Kitty F. Gayle, 422 London Street, Portsmouth, VA
Photo, 2015, Gayle N. Mandell
V. LEVIN CHRISTOPHER "KIT" GAYLE (1833 - 1886) was born in February of 1833 to Nathaniel and Kitty F. Gayle in Norfolk, VA. Kit never married and appears in records as Levin C., Levin G., Levin K., Levin Christopher, and "Kit" Gayle. He resided in Mathews and later in Portsmouth, Virginia, with other family members. On the 1850 Portsmouth census he appears as LEVEN (sic) Gayle, bricklayer, age 17, in the household of William H. Johnson, bricklayer, age 37. Also in in the household were Martha Johnson (26), Mary J. (8), Amanda V. (6), Ella B. (3), Benjamin T. (6/12), Ann (57), Margaret S. (34), Justina F. (18), Ester A. (28) and William Reilly (18), Bricklayer.

In 1862 Levin and his brother John M. Gayle were listed with 20 acres on the East River, four miles southwest of the courthouse. On 8/11/1868 records stated, "Whereas Levin Kit Gayle did sell to Franklin L. Billups a tract of land in Mathews Co. and said Billups is not able to pay…..said Billups consenting for George P. Evans to take same and now therefore this deed between Levin C. Gayle, N. G. Gayle, Columbus C. Gayle, and Kitty F. Gayle of the city of Portsmouth and George P. Evans of Mathews Co., 20 acres of land in White's Neck conveyed by J. B. Davis and wife to Levin C. Gayle and John M. Gayle by deed of record in the clerk's office of Mathews Co. as will appear in the minutes of said county." Also in 1868 Levin and John appear on land records with acreage on the East River, six miles southwest of the courthouse.

In Portsmouth, both Levin and Nathaniel were members of the Stonewall Camp, Portsmouth Rifles, Company G, 9th Virginia Infantry, CSA. Levin enlisted as a Private in April of 1861 and was a Corporal on the September muster of the same year. At his discharge in 1865 he was a Sergeant. A daguerreotype in possession of his family may be the earliest image of one of the Portsmouth Rifles. He is wearing a frock coat with colored cuffs, roller buckle belt with an M-1841 cap pouch for his Mississippi Rifle, pictured, with a sling attached and no bayonet lug. Levin kept a diary of his service until he was captured during Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg on 7/3/1863. He spent the remainder of the war at Point Lookout Prison, returning home in 1865 to work as a brick mason. His diary has been transcribed and appears with his photo at the Web site cited below. He applied and was accepted for membership in the Portsmouth and Norfolk County Association of Confederate Veterans on 11/5/1884. He noted on the application that he was at the battles at ..."Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, 2nd Battle of Manasses, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg and all other fights the regiment was engaged in except the time I was prisoner from '63 to April 1865."

In 1883 Levin was living at 422 London Street with members of his family. He died on 12/2/1886 of pneumonia and was buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery in Portsmouth.

V. NATHANIEL G. GAYLE (1835 - 1880) was born on 1/15/1835 in Norfolk, VA to Nathaniel Goffigon Gayle and his wife "Kitty." According to a marriage license issued on 6/13/1877 in Portsmouth, Nathaniel, a ship carpenter, married on 6/15/1867 to SARAH "SADIE" FRANCES TABB (3/31/1845 - ??), daughter of Henry and Eliza Cunningham Tabb. Eliza (12/1813 - 8/25/1882) was the daughter of Captain Alexander Cunningham (1776, Augusta, VA - ??). [The 1850 Census of Norfolk County lists an Alex Cunningham, age 50, Sail Maker, wife Eliza B., and children Thomas A. (23, Clerk), Alexander M. (20, Gunsmith), James J. (19, Clerk), Theodore (15, Clerk), and Elexina B. (age 13, female).]

At the time of the Civil War, Nathaniel entered the Confederate service on 4/20/1861 as an orderly Sergeant in the Stonewall Camp, 9th Regiment of Virginia Infantry, CSA, Armistead's Brigade. He served as a carpenter and was commissioned in May of 1862 as a 2nd Lieutenant and later made 3rd Lieutenant and finally Captain. His photograph, taken while he was still a sergeant, shows him in a double breasted gray uniform and frock coat. In 1864, he served at the Charleston Naval Station in South Carolina and was with his brigade in all engagements up to the Battle of Gettysburg, where he was wounded. While in Charleston, he served in Tucker's Naval Battalion under the command of Cdr. John Randolph Tucker, CSN. The battalion left Charleston during the evacuation in February of 1865 and, after marching and riding trains through South and North Carolina into Virginia, they made camp in early March at Drewry's Bluff, a fortification eight miles south of Richmond on the James River. Here Tucker's men joined with a battalion of Confederates States Marines who drilled them as infantrymen. Richmond was evacuated on 4/2/1865 and Tucker's Naval Battalion was afterwards attached to the army division commanded by Major General George Washington Custis Lee, son of General Robert E. Lee. On 4/6/1865 they fought at the battle of Sayler's Creek in Virginia and were the last troops to surrender. Many of them stole away and joined what was left of General Lee's forces before the surrender at Appomattox Court House on 4/9/1865. "Lee's troops were paroled, having signed a pledge not to take up arms against the Federal government, and were allowed to go home, Nathaniel Gayle among them. N. G. Gayle, Carpenter, C.S.N. appeared on the list of officers and men paroled by Major D. B. Bridgeford, Provost Marshall, Army Northern Virginia. Gayle was fortunate. His comrades from Tucker's Naval Battalion were marched back to Washington and sent off to prisoner of war camps and not released for several weeks." (Sullivan, David)

Nathaniel and Sadie lived in the family home at 422 London Street. After the war Nathaniel appeared on the 1870 census in Portsmouth as Nathaniel Gayle, age 35, ship's carpenter. In his household were Sadie F. Gayle, 24; Adah Lee, 9 mos; Kitty F., 54, Nathaniel's mother; Levin C., 37, his brother; and William B. Collins, 34. Also on the census is the family of John T. Nelms, age 40, shoemaker; Emily, 37; Mary C., 14; Margaret Gayle, 70 (living with son-in-law). Margaret Gayle (1797 - 9/24/1889), age 92, 802 Washington St., Portsmouth, Va. was buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery (Old Section #1, 31 - 37) owned by John H. Hall. Related names are Hall, Nelms, Lewis, and Hart.] Nathaniel died on 5/23/1880 in Portsmouth at age 45. The cause of death was listed as inflammation of the liver and information was submitted by his wife, Sadie Tabb Gayle. The 1880 census listed Sadie T. Gayle, 35; son Nathaniel G., age 6; daughters Kitty G., age 8 and Maggie E., age 6 mos. Also listed were Kitty F. Gayle, 68, mother-in-law and Levin C. 47, brother-in-law. In 1886 Sadie submitted an application for Nathaniel to be accepted into membership of the Stonewall Camp, Confederate Veterans, Portsmouth, Va. Sadie died on 4/28/1906 and was buried with other family members at Cedar Grove Cemetery in Portsmouth in Lot #73, Ave. 1, Old Section #11, owned by Augustine Moore Tabb, whose family was associated with Hunley Gayle of Mathews County. Augustine brother was Henry A. Tabb, both sons of Henry and Diana Moore Tabb. He was the father of seven known children.
SEE HUNLEY GAYLE, CHAPTER 13.

CHILDREN OF NATHANIEL AND SARAH FRANCES TABB GAYLE
VI. ADA LEE (8/29/1869 - 2/16/1880) died of Diptheria and was buried with the family on Avenue 1, Lot 73 at Cedar Grove Cemetery in Portsmouth.
VI. CATHERINE F. GARLAND (10/28/1876 - 10/9/1893), born at 306 Dinwiddie Street in Portsmouth, was named for her paternal grandmother. She died at age 16 years and was buried at Cedar Grove, Lot 73, owned by Tabb and Gayle.
VI. MAGGIE E. (?? - ??) born in Selma, Alabama
VI. NATHANIEL (1/15/1874 - 11/15/1963), born in Alabama, married Beulah Tebo and had children.
Nathaniel G. Gayle
(http://www.angelfire.com/ma4/j_mayo/9va/rifles1.html)
Tombstone of Levin Christopher Gayle
Cedar Grove Cemetery, Portsmouth
Gayle N. Mandell, 2000
Levin Christopher Gayle
(http://www.angelfire.com/ma4/j_mayo/9va/rifles1.html)
VI. NATHANIEL GOFFIGON GAYLE, III (1874 - 1963) was born to Nathaniel and Sarah Frances Tabb Gayle on 1/15/1874 in Montgomery, Alabama, where his mother was visiting her brother-in-law, Columbus Gayle. After being orphaned he was raised by two maiden aunts in Atlanta, Georgia. He returned to Portsmouth, VA and on 3/28/1901 married BEULAH TEBO (9/3/1881-82, Suffolk, VA - 6/20/1960), daughter of Louis Minue and Catherine Oliver Tebo of Nansemond County. Members of the Tebo family were house-builders in Suffolk where there is a Tebo family plot in Cedar Hill Cemetery.

Nathaniel lived at 314 North Street in Portsmouth, where he was a pharmacist. A photograph taken in 1911 by J. C. Emmerson, Jr. of that city shows an artist's rendering of the buildings on the North side of High Street at Middle Street, looking west, where his pharmacy was located. [The Emmerson Papers are part of the collection of the main branch of the Portsmouth Library.]

Beulah Tebo Gayle died on 6/20/1960 at the age of 68 and Nathaniel died three years later on 11/15/1963. Both were buried in Portsmouth at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Lot #73, Ave. 1, Old Section, #11, owned by Augustine Moore Tabb.

CHILDREN OF NATHANIEL AND BEULAH TEBO GAYLE
VII. CATHERINE (11/15/1902 - 10/31/1957) married Roland C. Day and lived in Petersburg.
VII. SARAH FRANCES (10/5/1912 - 10/1987) married Warren Powell Lively and lived in Portsmouth, VA. Their son was Carter Cunningham Lively (?? - Living 2006)
Home of Nathaniel & Beulah Tebo Gayle, 314 North Street, Portsmouth, VA, Photo 2015, Gayle N. Mandell
GAYLE BURIALS AT CEDAR GROVE CEMETERY, PORTSMOUTH, VIRGINIA

Avenue 1, Lot 37
Margaret F. Gayle (1797 - 9/23/1889)

Avenue 1, LOT 73, Old Section, #11
Ada Lee Gayle: D. 2/16/1880
Beulah T. Gayle: D. 6/20/1960, age 68
Nathaniel G. Gayle, III: D. 11/17/1963
Johnson M. Tabb: 4/8/1895, age 54
Eliza Tabb: 1813 - 1881
Henry A. Tabb: 1808 - 1882
Lt. N. G. Gayle: 9th VA Inf. CSA
Katie G. Gayle: B: 10/28/1876; D. 10/9/1893, age 16 years & 11 mos.
Charles Tabb: CSA
Sarah F. Gayle: B. 3/31/1845 April 28, 1906, age 61 years
Alexander Cunningham, 1776 - 1856

Avenue 3, Lot # 164
Leven C Gayle, Sr. Colonel (11/20/1804, Mathews Co VA - 11/23/1886)
Sarah Brown Gayle (1806, at sea - 9/25/25/1886)
Sarah F. Gayle (1805, Mathews Co. VA - 6/15/1885)
Sarah F. Gayle (1848, Norfolk Co. VA - 1/7/1887)

Avenue 5, Lot 278
Cora Wilcox Gayle (1846, North Carolina - 10/28/28/1889)
John Henry Gayle (1837, Portsmouth VA - 7/5/1884)

Avenue 7, Lot #447, Old section #85, owned by W. Talley (North Half) and W. H. Elliott (South Half):
Theodore K. Tabb - 12/19/1882, age 30 years
Margaret Gayle Talley (Abt. 1885 - 6/30/1965 ), wife of William L. Talley
William I. Talley - 6/30/1956, age 78 years
Kitty Garland Gayle (6/8/1812, Gloucester Co. VA - 4/24/1885, age 73 years
L. C. Gayle - 12/2/1886, age 53 years; Sgt. 9th Va. Inf. CSA.
Mary Ann Hall - 6/2/1884, age 64 years
Ann Elizabeth Elliott - 12/6/1917, age 75 years
Jennie Alma Butters McLean - 6/12/1889, age 27 years
1 grave - no name
William H. Elliott - 2/19/1925, age 83 years
Laura W. Hall - 11/22/1922, age 70 year
Graves of Nathaniel G. Gayle and daughter, Ada Lee Gayle Graves of Kitty Garland Gayle and Sarah Frances Gayle
Photos, Gayle N. Mandell, 2000
Grave of Nathaniel G. and Beulah Tebo Gayle (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2000)
IV. LEAVEN/LEVIN GAYLE (1804 - 1886) was born on 11/20/1804 to Leaven and Margaret Esther Williams Gayle of Mathews County. On 12/21/1824 an article in The Portsmouth Beacon titled "Incendiaries" stated, "On Saturday night, some of these miscreants set fire to the small frame house, opposite the residence of Mr. Holt Wilson in Portsmouth, occupied by Mr. Gayle, Master's Mate at the Navy Yard, by which a bed and part of his furniture were consumed before it could be got under. Mr. Gayle being about to change his residence to New York, had fortunately removed the great part of his furniture to that city, or his loss might have been very considerable." [It is not known whether this is a reference to the home on North Street.] On 7/7/1826 The Portsmouth Herald reported that Ensign Levin Gayle was a member of a company of Portsmouth Volunteers commanded by a Capt. Young. Ensign Gayle and Lt. Wilson were named at the presentation of colors on July 4th. On 2/24/1832 Capt. Gayle of the Portsmouth Riflemen was a representative at Washington's 100th Anniversary Celebration and on 10/23/1833 the Herald reported that Capt. Gayle of the Portsmouth Riflemen accompanied the Volunteers of Portsmouth to Smithfield to commemorate the anniversary of the surrender at Yorktown. On 7/14/1835 "Capt. Gayle" responded to the presentation of a "standard" to the Portsmouth Rifles by a Mrs. Young.

On 3/5/1835 Leaven married SARAH F. BROWN (1806 - 1886) said to have been born at sea in 1806 to Capt. Henry and Eliza Brown and his wife of Norfolk, Virginia. An article in
The Portsmouth Beacon, dated 3/7/1835 noted their wedding "on Thursday evening last" by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Meade. Bond was provided by William Barnard. Leaven and Sarah Brown Gayle had children and the family lived on North Street in Portsmouth where they were members of Trinity Episcopal Church.

Leaven was mentioned in a number of newspaper articles and also in the papers of John C. Emmerson, held in the archives of the main branch of the Portsmouth Library. A notice dated 2/10/1834 stated that The Globe Tavern, afterwards the High Street Hotel, was kept by a Captain Reynolds and was located on the north side of High Street about 100 feet east of Court Street. Invitations to a ball there read, "The pleasure of your company is solicited at a Ball to be given at the Globe Tavern in Portsmouth, on Friday evening the 21st inst………..Signed by: Managers: Arthur Emmerson, Mordecai Cooke, Robert B. Butt, John B. Levy, Benjamin Spratley, Isaac R. Bayley, James H. Langhorne, Henry C. Bell, Joseph A. Bilisoly, Dempsey Nash, John L. King, Levin Gayle, John K. Cooke, Albert G. Nash, Columbus C. Robertson, Henry V. Niemeyer, Tapley Portlock, George Blow…" Leaven Gayle was politically active, and on 9/23/1835
The Portsmouth Herald reported that he attended a town meeting and was one of the committee members charged with obtaining signatures in support of a local bank. He was among about 30 signers on a petition to the legislature. In 1836 he was a Justice for Norfolk County and on August 25th of the same year The Portsmouth Beacon reported that he attended a meeting of pro Martin Van Buren citizens of that county. They included Joseph Schoolfield, Arthur R. Smith, Mordecai Cook, John Cooke, William Moffit, Col. Sampson Crocker, Michael King, John T. Bidgood, Richard Bayton, William Burton, Col. Leaven Gale, Joseph A. Bilisoly, John Accenelly, John Tee, Dr. Robert Young, and William Collins.

On 6/12/1838 Leaven was one of 12 delegates to the Norfolk Commercial Convention at Richmond and on October 23rd of that year was appointed chairman of the Portsmouth delegation. On 12/27/1838 he provided surety in the marriage of Mrs. Ann Bloxom to Robert E. Eddens. On 3/28/1845 he was on the building committee for the erection of a new courthouse and jail for Norfolk County with Arthur R. Smith, Richard Baugh, John G. Hatton and George T. Wallis. On 2/24/1848 he was appointed Secretary of the Norfolk County Democratic Meeting in Portsmouth.

In 1850, Leaven appears on the census of Elizabeeth River Parish, Portsmouth, as a farmer, age 46. In his household were Elizabeth Gayle, age 43; John, age 15; Thomas, age 13; Leaven Jr., age 12; Elizabeth, age 10; Sarah, age 7; and Susan, age 4. During the Civil War Leaven enlisted with Company G., 9th Virginia Infantry, and was wounded in Pickett's Charge at Cemetery Hill along with a Lieutenant Tonkin. A business alliance between these two families, the firm of Gayle and Tonkin, was referenced in the papers of Christopher Tompkins in correspondence written between 1807 and 1836. The firm of Gayle and Ryan was also noted in the papers along with Richard Dashiell, John Davis, Wilson and Cunningham Company of Norfolk and John McKim, Jr. and Sons of Baltimore. The papers also list the names of Bartlett Gayle, Hunley Gayle, Edward S. Gayle, Joseph R. Gayle and Matthew Gayle.

On the 1860 Census Levin appears as a farmer, age 55. In his household were Sarah F, "lady," age 53; John H., age 24, lawyer; Leaven, age 23, school teacher; B. B., age 21, school teacher; Ann S., age 19; Sarah F., age 16; Eliza E., age 12. Also living in the house were Eliza Gordon, age 40, domestic; Rebecca Gordon, age 20, laborer; Isaac Gordon, age 18, farm laborer; Mary Elliott, age 20, farm laborer; Matilda Elliott, age 2; and William Elliott, age 1. In 1870 the census for Jackson Ward, Portsmouth, lists Leaven Gayle, 65, farmer (retired); Sarah F., 63, born in Virginia, Leaven, 32, R.R. clerk; Sarah F, 25; Eliza E., 23; John H., 34, lawyer; Cora W., 23, keeps house, born in North Carolina. On 12/17/1870 Colonel Levin Gayle is a pallbearer at the funeral of Arthur Emmerson of Trinity Episcopal Church.

In 1880 the family appears on the census as Leavin, 75, retired merchant; Sarah F., 78, wife, "born at sea" has been scratched through; Leavin, 42, son, RR clerk; Sarah F., 36, daughter; William H. Wilson, 42, son-in-law, occupation daguerreotype (sic); Eliza E. Wilson, 33, daughter; amd Sarah K. Wilson, 1, grand-daughter. Sarah Brown Gayle died on 9/25/1886 at the age of 80, and Leaven died exactly one month and one day later on 11/23/1886 at age 82. The cause of death was listed as "apoplexy". He was buried on 11/25/1886 at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Portsmouth, Ave. #3, Lot 164, owned by the Gayle and Tonkin families. His children are also buried there.

CHILDREN OF LEAVEN AND *SARAH BROWN GAYLE
V. JOHN HENRY (1835-36 - 7/5/1884) married (1) Mary Waltham, daughter of Timothy and Mary Waltham of Mathews County, and (2) Cora Wilcox of North Carolina.
V. THOMAS (1837 - ??)
V. LEAVEN JR. (1838 - 2/2/1901) According to the 1860 census, Leaven was a "free" school teacher, was living at his parents' home on North Street, Portsmouth. He served in Company C of the 16th Virginia Regiment, Virginia Defenders, of Norfolk County and also as Adjutant in the 12th Alabama Infantry, C.S.A. His brother, Bristoe Brown Gayle, served with him. A notation dated 5/12/1864 stated that Levin J. Gayle, promoted Adj., 12th Alabama Regiment, was wounded at Spotsylvania Courthouse. He is referred to in the diary of Captain Robert Emory Park and signed an order, along with Col. Comdg. S. B. Pickens, appointing First Lieut. R. E. Park of Co. F as Acting A. Q. M. of the 12th Ala. Regiment. Leaven died on 2/2/1901 and was buried in Portsmouth beside Bristoe.
V. BRISTOE BROWN (4/19/1839 - 1862) was a member 12th Alabama Infantry, C. S. A. Residence listed as North Street, Portsmouth.
V. SARAH F. or SUSAN (1848, Norfolk Co. - 1/7/1887) lived at 100 Middle Street, Portsmouth. She died of chronic gastritis and the informant on her death certificate was her brother Levin.
V. ELIZA E. "ESSIE" (Est. 1844 - 48) married William H. Wilson, Jr., at Trinity Church, Portsmouth, on 11/8/1877. Wilson may have been a partner with one of the Gayles in the firm known as Gayle & Wilson, listed in the papers of Christopher Tompkins of Mathews County. Essie Gayle was buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Avenue 3, Lot #164, Portsmouth, owned by the Gayle and Tonkin families. Her daughter was Essie Gayle Wilson (7/11/1882 - 4/8/1964), who was also buried there.

THE FIRM OF RYAN & GAYLE
In 1829 the Virginia and North Carolina Transportation Company contracted with the firm of Ryan & Gayle to build a steam boat of light draught to navigate the Roanoke River. On 12/2/1829 a notice appeared in The Portsmouth Herald announcing a "NEW STEAMBOAT FOR ROANOKE RIVER RUN." "Yesterday was launched in fine style, from the ship yard of Messrs. Ryan & Gayle, the builders, the elegant steam boat NORTH CAROLINA, belonging to the Va. & N.C. Transportation Company. We have before stated that this boat was intended exclusively to navigate the lower Roanoke, to tow, up and down, the transportation boats, in conjunction with the steam boat PETERSBURG, which will be employed in the navigation of Albemarle Sound and Pasquotank River, from Elizabeth City to the mouth of the Roanoke…"

On 7/27/1832
The Portsmouth Herald announced that the Steamer JNO. MORRIS, commanded by Captain Thomas Rooke, will sail for the ports of Key West and St. Mark's on Wednesday, August 1st. "For passage only, apply on board at Ryan & Gayle's Yard, or to John A. Roberts."

On 9/28/1832
The Portsmouth Beacon ran an article announcing the death of William Charles Ryan. "With entire conviction of the severe loss which the community has sustained in the death of a skillful and enterprising mechanic, and estimable gentleman, we add to our record of mortality by Cholera, the name of Mr. WILLIAM CHARLES RYAN, of the firm of Ryan & Gayle, Shipwrights of this Borough…"
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V. BRISTOE BROWN GAYLE (1839 - 1862) was born on 4/19/1839 to Levin and Sarah F. Brown Gayle in Suffolk Virginia. He never married. Bristoe was educated at Virginia Military and Collegiate Institute in Portsmouth where he and his family were active members of Trinity Episcopal Church. Bristoe later moved to Morgan County, Alabama, where he worked as a school teacher. At the start of the Civil War he joined the Confederacy and was instrumental in raising a company of infantry at Summerville, Alabama, that was organized as Company H with the 12th Alabama Regiment. In 1861 the regiment came to Virginia and was attached to Rode's Brigade, which it accompanied to Maryland. Bristoe Gayle was promoted from Captain to Lieutenant Colonel at Yorktown and later promoted to Colonel following the death of his predecessor Col. Jones at the Battle of Seven Pines. At the time of this battle, on May 31st and June 1st of 1862, the 12th Alabama Regiment consisted of 408 enlisted men and officers. The troops were led by Colonel R. T. Jones, Lieutenant Colonel B. B. Gayle, Major S. B. Pickens and Captain R. H. Keeling. Subsequently Bristoe was stationed at Boonsboro to hold back McClellan's army enabling Jackson to capture Harper's Ferry and concentrate the army at Sharpsburg. The enemy attacked at Boonsboro on 9/14/1862 and Bristoe was killed in battle. His body was left on the field when the regiment withdrew but was later transported to Portsmouth for burial. He was only 23 years old. General D. H. Hill, his commanding officer, described him as "a most gallant and accomplished officer."

The following quote, from the diary of Captain Robert E. Park who commanded the skirmish line of the 12th Alabama, describes Gayle's death. "The enemy pushed forward… and soon came upon Colonel Gayle and the rear support. He was ordered to surrender, but drawing his pistol and firing in their faces, he exclaimed: 'We are flanked, boys, but let's die in our tracks,' and he continued to fire until he was literally riddled with bullets, and surrendered up his pure, brave young spirit to the God who gave it." (Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. I, No. 6).

According to an obituary in the Alabama State Archives,
"GAYLE, Bristor B. Confederate Soldier, was born in Suffolk Co., VA, and died Sept. 14, 1862 at Boonesboro, MD. He came to Alabama shortly before the outbreak of the War of Secession, and settled in Morgan Co. He taught school in Somerville until hostilities began, then enlisted in Co. H, Twelfth Alabama Infantry regiment, July 8, 1861, at Decatur. He was elected captain of his company, was later promoted to Lieutenant-colonel, and on June 1, 1862, to colonel. He had been back with his regiment only a few days after being home on a sick furlough, when he was killed in the battle of Boonesboro, MD, listed in the U. S. war department as the battle of Crampton's Gap, Sept. 14, 1862. It is probable that Col. Gayle was buried on the battlefield as the Federal troops took possession of that field after the battle. Last residence: Morgan Co."
Another obituary appeared in The Portsmouth Star, published 9/16/1862. It read, Died on September 14, 1862 at Boonesboro, Md., Col. Bristoe Brown Gayle, 12th Alabama regiment, was a son of Col. L. Gayle of this city. Five years passed before Bristoe's remains were received in Portsmouth. On 6/20/1867 papers in Norfolk and Portsmouth noted, "We are requested to state that the remains of Bristoe Brown Gayle, son of Col. L. Gayle, of this city, and late Colonel of the 12th Alabama regiment, who fell at the head of his regiment at Boonsboro, Md., 14th of September, 1862, are expected to arrive here by the Baltimore steamer tomorrow morning, and will be conveyed from the wharf direct to the cemetery. Friends & acquaintances of the family are invited to attend." Bristoe and his brother Leaven fought together during the Civil War and are buried side by side in brick lined graves in Cedar Grove Cemetery, Avenue 3, Lot #164, and Portsmouth, owned by the Gayle and Tonkin families.

A tribute to Bristoe B. Gayle and other men who served during the Civil War was described in
A HISTORY OF TRINITY CHURCH. On 7 May 1868 a newly installed window in Trinity Church in Portsmouth, given by the rector on Easter Sunday as a memorial to the Confederate dead, was ordered removed because it contained the phrase, "To the memory of James G. Hodges, Bristoe B. Gayle, Alexander B. Butt, Frank N. Armistead, William H. Cocke, William H. Bingley, St. Julian Wilson, Stephen A. Cowley, A Dulaney Forrest, who died during the years 1861 and 1865 in defense of their native State, Virginia, against the invasion by the U. S. Forces." Closing of the church and the Navy Yard was threatened unless the "offensive," but accurate parts of the phrase - "invasion by the U.S. Forces" - was removed.



Graves of Bristor B. and Leaven Gayle, Cedar Grove Cemetery
(Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2000)
V. CAPTAIN JOHN HENRY GAYLE (1836 - 1884) was born in Portsmouth, Virginia on 1/15/1837 to Leaven and Sarah Brown Gayle. John married (1) MARY WALTHAM (1841 - 6/29/1867), daughter of Timothy and Mary Waltham of Mathews County, who died in 1867 at age 26 of complications following a miscarriage. On 9/9/1869 at Emmanuel Church he married (2) CORA WILCOX (10/20/1846 - 10/26/1889) of Warrenton, North Carolina, daughter of Julius and S. A. Wilcox. Cora Gayle died at age 43 on 10/26/1889 and the informant on the death certificate was her brother, E. N. Wilcox. John and Cora had five children.

In his professional life John H. Gayle was an attorney and bookkeeper for the Bank of Portsmouth, 205 - 207 High Street. On 10/4/1860 he was mentioned in the
Argus as a defense attorney and was a partner in the firm of Holladay & Gayle on Crawford Street, near North Street. On 6/28/1872 he served with C. W. Murdaugh as a receiver when the Portsmouth Savings Fund Society voted to liquidate.
Two references were found to John's residences in Portsmouth. According to the Emmerson Papers a frame house on the Southwest corner of Crawford Street was occupied by numerous families, including a Capt. Bagley (merchant) and the "late John C. (sic) Gayle", who practiced law and served in the Legislature early in the 1880s. On 9/27/1870 a burglary was reported at the home of John H. Gayle at Middle & North Streets, probably the Gayle home at 201 North Street.
John H. Gayle
(Courtesy of Sarah Gayle Randolph)
Home of John H. Gayle, 201 North Street, Portsmouth
(Courtesy Sarah Gayle Randolph)
John H. Gayle Home, Photo 2015, Gayle Mandell
According to several articles in The Portsmouth Journal between 1860 and 1872 John was a Vice-President and organizing member of the "White Men's Party", along with Mssrs. Crocker, Cherry, McCoy, Graham, Tucker, Haynes, Carr and O'Conner. On 5/25/1868 The Portsmouth Journal reported that he attended a grand mass meeting of the group. On 4/3/1867 he was mentioned as one of the signers on a letter to James B. Hope of Norfolk and on the same date gave a lecture on Colonial Virginia at Williamsburg. On 1/8/1869 John was mentioned as President of Portsmouth Literary and Library Association and on 12/19/1869 he attended a meeting of Portsmouth's most respected citizens. On 1/31/1870 it was reported that he was one of the house managers for the Calico Ball at the Ocean House. On 10/22/1870 Capt. J. H. Gayle was again mentioned with managers W. E. Hudgins, Virgineous (sic) Nash, and Dr. J. A. Bilisoly for the Calico Ball at Ocean House, a benefit for the Ladies Memorial Society.

John H. Gayle was also active politically and on 12/19/1867 was mentioned as a delegate from Portsmouth. On 9/3/1868 it was reported that he was corresponding secretary of the Seymour Campaign Club and on 9/11/1868 was a special commissioner and member of a new council appointed by Governor Walker. On 4/2/1870 he was elected President of the Military Council and on 5/2/1870 was appointed Commonwealth Attorney and resigned from council. In 1880 the Portsmouth census lists John H. Gayle, 44, lawyer; Cora W., 33, wife (born in NC, father born in Vermont and mother in New Hampshire); John H., 9, son; Cora W., 8, daughter; Sarah H., 6, daughter, and Edward, 4, son.

During the Civil War John was a member of the Virginia Defenders, Company C, 16th Virginia Regiment, organized in Portsmouth on 4/20/1861 following the receipt of the Governor's Proclamation calling for volunteers. John Gayle served as 2nd Lieutenant, lst Lieutenant, and was promoted to Captain on 10/14/1863 when Captain Thomas Barraud was killed in the battle of Bristoe Station. He was captured at Crampton Gap on 9/14/1862 but was later exchanged and was present at the surrender at Appomattox.

John followed his family as a member of Trinity Episcopal Church and served as a vestryman. He died on 7/5/1884 and was buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery, Portsmouth, Va., Ave. 5, Lot 278; owned by the families of Carr and Gayle. Also buried there are his wife, Cora Wilcox Gayle; their daughter Cora Wilcox Gayle Hunter; and son Edward Maupin Gayle. Members of the McDowell and Holladay families are also buried there. The transcription that follows was furnished by a descendant.

Death of Capt. Jno. H. Gayle
On July 6th, 1884, the Rector, Charles J. Holt, called a meeting of the Vestry to take some action with reference to the death of Capt. Jno. H. Gayle. The following motion was unanimously adopted. 'Whereas it has pleased our Heavenly Father in His providence to remove from this life Capt. Jno. H. Gayle, who from early manhood has been a communicant of this Church, and who for more than thirteen years has been a member of this Vestry, and whereas, we his official associates called together by the sad event of his demise, desire to give expression to our feeling of bereavement, and to pay the tribute of our respect to his well spent life and noble character, Be it Therefore Resolved, 1st, That we but record the general estimate, and our knowledge of him when we sat that John Henry Gayle was richly endowed in the gentle qualities of heart, and in the masterly forces of mind, and that he so improved and exercised them as to gain the love and respect of all who knew him, and to command the highest success, and distinction in all the walks of life in which he acted.

In private life, he well met, and nobly illustrated the duties of son, brother, husband, father, friend and citizen. In war he was a brave and chivalrous soldier, who served his State and Confederacy with patriotic devotion, and with distinguished honor.

In the State Senate he gained by the force of his fine abilities a marked distinction, and ranked among the first of ablest Senators. It was however in his own early chosen profession of law to which he devoted himself with untiring industry that he best displayed his rich gifts of mind and learning, and won his highest success, and eminence. By the common consent of the Judges, and of his brother lawyers of the Courts in which he practiced, he early gained, and easily held during his busy professional life a foremost place at the bar. He was truly an able lawyer. He improved with much labor his native gifts and graced his extensive learning with an ever pleasing and forcible delivery. But in that relation which now most concerns him and in which while bending under sorrow we find that comfort which the fondest admiration of richest personal gifts cannot afford - in his relation to his God - it is our happy privilege to say he was a Christian, and that he bore himself in all the walks of life consistently with the teachings of our Holy religion, and we rejoice in the most comforting belief that he is today safe with his Christ and Savior.

Resolved, 2nd, That in his death is felt a loss to his Church, his community - and State, and we unite our own with the general grief which is felt by all.

Resolved, 3rd, that a copy of these proceedings be sent to the family of the deceased with the assurances of our sincere sympathy with them in their great bereavement.

Resolved 4th, That we attend the funeral in a body.

R..C.M. Wingfield, Register (signed) Charles J. Holt, Rector
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John's obituary in The Portsmouth Beacon read, "Mr. John Gayle, formerly of Portsmouth, and late a lieutenant in that admirable corps of volunteers, 'The Portsmouth Riflemen.' He was one of the members of the corps, and one of its non commissioned officers during the late war, when that company was particularly distinguished for the excellence of its drill and discipline. In private life, Mr. Gayle was deservedly esteemed and respected, and the recollection of his virtues, and gentlemanly and unassuming deportment, will long be warmly cherished by his numerous friends."

CHILDREN OF JOHN & CORA WILCOX GAYLE
V. JOHN H. (4/7/1871 - 12/21/1915) married Marjorie Webb Clements (1880, Gates County, NC - 7/1/1966, Arlington, VA) in Washington, DC on 10/10/1899. CHILDREN (Per 1910 Census) Catherine J., age 10; John H. Jr., age 7; J. Clements, age 4; Mary J., age 2; E. Wilcox, age 2; Archibald Douglas, 8 mos.. Also living in the household was Margaret Clements, age 64. Children John H. Gayle Jr. (1901 - 1902) and Archibald Douglas Gayle (1909 - 1910) are buried in Portlock Cemeter, Portsmouth, VA.
V. CORA W. (6/12/1872 - 11/7/1942) married Frank Patterson Hunter. Cora was buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery in Portsmouth, Ave. #5, Lot #278.
V. EDWARD MAUPIN (7/4/1875 - 6/22/1938) resided at 309 North St., Portsmouth. Buried at Cedar Grove cemetery, Ave. #5, Lot 278, owned by the families of Carr and Gayle. Allied names were Wilcox, Hunter, McDowell, and Holladay.
V. SARAH H. (1874 - 1879)
V. MATTIE W. (9/1876, Portsmouth, VA - 7/11/1879) died of scarlet fever, age 2 years and 10 months.
Captain John Henry Gayle (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2000)
Graves of John H. & Marjorie D. Gayle and Edward Maupin Gayle, Cedar Grove Cemetery, Portsmouth, VA (Photos, Gayle N. Mandell, 2011)
John Gayle (1720-30 - 1790) and Maria Billups Gayle of Gloucester County

JOHN GAYLE (1720-30 - 1790), born to unknown parents, married MARIA BILLUPS and had four known children. John served as an ensign in the Gloucester Militia duriing the Revolution and was mentioned in the private papers of Mrs. E. C. Mansfield-Jones cited in the Revolutionary War Roster by Elizabeth D. Lewis. According to the papers, one Colonel John Gayle (ca. 1730s - 1790) was supposedly married three times, once to Maria Billups, and had six brothers, Mathias, Levin, Robert, Lowther, Philip Hunley and William. Coincidentally, John Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, (?? - 1729) had brothers George, [of Somerset County, MD, who had a son named Levin], Mathias, Robert, Lowther, Philip and William. [SEE CHAPTER 3]. Coincidentally, the John Gayle (above) who married Susannah Davis had children by Susanna born between 1759 and 1768. John and Maria Billups had four sons and one of them, George, was born around 1748. Therefore, that raises the question of whether John who married Maria Billups and John who married Susanna Davis were the same person. Notably, one of John and Maria Gayle's sons was named Scarborough, an Eastern Shore name, and the family of John and Susanna Davis had ties to that area.

CHILDREN OF JOHN & MARIA BILLUPS GAYLE
II. SCARBOROUGH (?? - ??) may have died young.
II. JOHN (?? - ??)
II. MATTHEW (?? - ??) One Matthew Gayle appeared on Tax List B on the 1787 Census for Gloucester County with one black male over 16, three black males under 16, one horse, and four head of cattle. He was visited by the census taker on May 7th with neighbors including George and Susanna Gayle, John Anderson, William Bohannon, William Borum, Jasper Clayton, William Degge, Sr., Daniel Fitchett, Joel Foster, James Harper, Thomas Horsley, Elizabeth Keeble, William Rispess, Peter Robins, and James Thomas Sr. and Jr. He may have been George Gayle's brother.
II. GEORGE (Est. 1748 - ??) married Susanna (Unknown) and had children.

II. GEORGE GAYLE (EST. 1748 - AFTER 1812) of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, VA was born about 1748 to John and Maria Billups Gayle. His birth date was estimated based on his marriage to SUSANNAH (UNKNOWN) on 3/17/1768 and recorded in the Kingston Parish Register, as were the births of their children.

County records of 1774 - 75 show George Gayle with two white males in his household. On 4/4/1776 he was among the committee members of the Gloucester County Court of Commissioners. According to the Kingston Parish Vestry Book he was appointed in 1780 with Thomas Tabb to oversee the processioning of land within the 6th precinct, and on 8/19/1784 he was in charge of the 5th precinct. From 1782 to 1790 George appeared on the Gloucester County Tax List and was visited with neighbors John Anderson, William Bohannon, William Borum, Jasper Clayton, William Degge, Sr., Daniel Fitchett, Joel Foster, Matthew Gayle, James Harper, Thomas Horsley, Elizabeth Keeble, William Rispess, Peter Robins, and James Thomas Sr. and Jr. George appears alone from 1782 through 1786. From 1787 through 1790 he is shown with three white males in his household. He is shown again with only one white male in 1791, but from 1792 to 1794 two are listed. In 1795 three white males are listed followed by two from 1796 to 1797. One white male is shown in 1798 and 1799, two in 1800, three in 1802 and 1803, two in 1804 and one from 1806 to 1809. In 1810 George is shown with two white males in his household.

George Gayle was shown with 400 acres of land in 1782. From 1787 to 1798 he owns 370 acres and from 1799 to 1800 the acreage has increased to 430. It decreases afterwards to 300 acres between 1801 and 1805, 270 acres from 1806 to 1808, and 120 from 1809 to 1810. In 1811 it has increased to 186, but by 1812 George owns only 44 acres. Records show that George owned horses and cattle from 1782 through 1790 but none are shown after that. George owned nine slaves in 1782 and 1783, four in 1784 and 1785, three in 1786 and 1787, four in 1788, five in 1789, and 4 in 1790. Slaves owned from 1791 through 1800 were as follows: 1791, six; 1792, four; 1793 through 1795, five; 1796, four; 1797, five; 1798, 3; 1799, four; and 1800, 3.

In 1788 a judgement was obtained vs. George Gayle and Robert Billups, John and Richard Billups, Exec. of John Billups, guardian of Ann Hunley. In 1794, George Gayle and Leaven Gayle were sued by Philip Sansum, indicating a relationship..

CHILDREN OF GEORGE & SUSANNAH GAYLE
III. ANN (3/1/1771, christened 4/5/1771 - ??)
III. UN-NAMED MALE/POSSIBLY GEORGE GAYLE JR. (?? christened 4/5/1771, possibly twin or brother ? of Ann who was christened on the same date.)
III. MARY (4/29/1773, christened 6/20/1773 - ??)
III. SUSANNA (11/12/1775, christened 12/14/1775 - ??)

III. GEORGE GAYLE JR (Est. 1780s - Living 1807), probably the un-named male born to George and Susannah Gayle, married LUCY J. BILLUPS (2/23/1787 - 4/26/1852), daughter of Joseph Billups (9/29/1760 - 4/5/1815) and Joice Respess Billups (1766 - 3/14/1847). The ceremony was performed on Thursday, 2/9/1804, by William Fitchett, DD, at the home of Lucy's father. Joseph's parents were John and Mary Lilly Billups. George and Lucy Billups Gayle had three known children. In 1788 George Gayle and Robert Billups of Gloucester were sued by John and Richard Billups, executors of John Billups, guardian of Ann Hunley. On 3/9/1852 Lucy Lill Billups, daughter of Captain Richard Billups and granddaughter of George Gayle, married Charles F. Rosaway. The Richard Billups Papers contain a notation in 1801 that George Gayle removed horseshoes. The Billups Family Bible contains records of births, deaths, and marriages. [SEE CHAPTER 16]

CHILDREN OF GEORGE & LUCY J. BILLUPS
II. BILLUPS (3/7/1805 - ??)
II. COLSTON (1/9/1807 - ??)
II. CAROLINA (9/17/1808 - Before 1810)
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Matthias Gayle #1 (Est. 1730s - 1774) of Gloucester County
DESCENDANTS OF MATTHIAS GAYLE

I. Matthias (Est. 1730-40 - Aft. 1774) & Hannah/Sarah Gayle
II. Matthias (1767 - 1848) m. Sara (Unknown)
III. Elijah (1785 -1863) m. Mary (Unknown)
IV. Elizabeth (1817 - 1895) m. John A. Harvey
IV. Mary Ann (1819 - 1878) m. Mr. Davis
IV. Jane Emory (1821 - ??) m. Daniel Fernald
IV. Ivy C. (1827 - ??) m. Mr. Brownley
IV. Robert M. (1830 - Aft. 1850)
IV. Virginia (1831 - ??)
III. Margaret "Peggy" (?? - ??) m. Bailey Diggs
III. Mary (1800-04 - 1857) m. Joseph Diggs
III. Lucy A. (1816 - ??)
III. Nancy F. (?? - ??)
III. Matthias (ca. 1807/1812-1886) m. Sarah/Sallie Weston
IV. Mary (1834-1836)
IV. Thomas J. (1835 - 1913)
IV. Martha (1836 - ??)
IV. Eliza J. "Lizzie" (1838 - ??)
IV. Harriet J. (1840 - ??)
IV. Margaret S. (1843 - ??) m. Francis R. Armistead
II. Joseph (1769 - ??)
II. Thomas (1774 - Living 1814)
III. Possibly Thomas Jr. (Est. 1794 - ??) m. Lucy (Unknown)
I. MATTHIAS GAYLE (EST. 1730-40 - AFT. 1774) was born to unknown parents sometime around 1730-40 based on the birth dates of his children. He married HANNAH OR SARAH (UNKNOWN), and the Kingston Parish Register listed the births of three sons between the years 1767 and 1774.

CHILDREN OF MATTHIAS & HANNAH/SARAH GAYLE
II. MATTHIAS (6/25/1767 - 3/4/1848), christened on 11/29/1767, married Sara (Unknown)
II. JOSEPH (11/19/1769 - ??) was baptized on 1/21/1770 in Kingston Parish.
II. THOMAS (2/7/1774 - ??) was baptized on 2/27/1774 in Kingston Parish.

II. MATTHIAS GAYLE, JR. (1767 - 1848) was born to Matthias and Hannah/Sarah Gayle on 6/25/l767. Matthias married SARA (UNKNOWN) and had children. Matthias served as a private during the Revolutionary War and according to his pension application dated 6/9/1834 he was born in Kingston Parish where he lived at the time of enlistment. His application gave his age as 70 placing his birth year at 1764. References to his age in other pension applications are misleading and census records in 1840 list his age as 78, making his birth year 1762. However, his birth was recorded in the register of Kingston Parish in 1767.

State of Virginia
County of Mathews

On the 9th day of June 1834 Personally appeared in open court before the Justice of the County of Mathews now sitting Mathias Gayle a resident of the County of Mathews and State of Virginia aged Seventy years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress proposed June 7th 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. I entered the service in 1780 by order of Sir John Peyton Col. to Philip Tabb Capt…..and served on tours of duty at Cricket Hill for three months, in the same year called out in like order under Robert Gayle as Capt. To go to Williamsburg to guard the Cappital and marched through King and Queen and crossed at west point and went on to Williamsburg after being stationed there for some time we returned home. In that tour of duty I served three months. In 1781 I was called out in like order under the same officer to go to Point Comfort and served a tour of duty there for three months, as soon as I was discharged of duty at Point Comfort I went to Prince George County to go to a (unreadable) as soon as I got there the Coln. Had me…..under Thomas Baits…..the Coln. Name I do not recollect from there we marched to Minses Ferry, there we had an engagement with the enemy and there we were stationed a little while then marched down to…..and crossed and marched down to Ware church and when we got there we found all the Gloscester militia there, and then I joined Capt. Robert Gayle's company and then we was stationed a little while, then Capt. Holder Hudgins wanted some men to volunteer to go up on the lines. I turned out as a volunteer and went up on the lines with him when we got there the enemy had retreated and gone down to York Town then we returned and marched down to Gloscester Town where we had another very severe engagement. On that tour of duty I served three months. I served all the time as a private and for such service I claim a pension or annuity…..present and declare that my name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any State. I was born on 1764 in Gloscester County Kingston Parish. I have no record of my age. I was living in Gloscester County Kingston parish when called into Service. I have lived there ever since I was called into service as a militiaman. I never received no written discharge. I was acquainted with Coln. Boswell, Coln. Peyton, Coln. Cary, Coln. Throgmotten (sic) I can prove my service by Gabriel Hughes and John Christen who also can testify to my character (sic).

Sworn to and subscribed in open
Court the day and year aforesaid Matthais Gayle

The affidavit of Matthais Gayle made in Mathews Conty to amend the declaration that he made before the Justice of the Court on the 9th of June 1834 in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. The reasons of my being called out to do duty at the different times mentioned in my declaration are as followed. I was called out under Capt. Philip Tabb to do duty at Cricket Hill on the account of the British having possession of Gwynn's Island to prevent them from coming up in the neighborhood to plunder. There was a steady guard kept at that place and at Point Comfort to prevent them from coming to plunder through the county. We was frequently called where we were stationed to go to other places…..the shores where they would attempt to land and at them times we would always have to fire on them to drive them off. We had no engagements with them worth speaking about when I was enrolled in Prince George County. It was to go to Minses Ferry to drive the British from there. There we had an engagement with them then they went down the river then we crossed and went on down to Glocester Town where we had another very severe engagement with them. I served as I have stated in my declaration as near as I can recollect.

Matthias Gayle
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MATTHIAS GAYLE IS ALSO LISTED IN THE FOLLOWING PENSION APPLICATIONS:
l) Philip Brownlee/Brownley, Seaman, Navy, Gloucester Co., VA: Mathias Gayle, aged 84, stated on 7/21/1835 that he knew Philip Brownley of Kingston Parish in Gloucester County, now Mathews County. Brownley enlisted in l776 or l777 under Capt. Robert Tompkins in the VA State Navy on board the galley Henry. On 7/13/1835 John Brounley (sic) and Polly W. Brounley of Mathews County and Thomas C. Brounley of Northumberland County stated on that they were the children of Philip Brounley
2) Thomas Cray: Mathias Gayle, Sr., aged 74, stated on 7/24/1835 that he knew Thomas Cray at the time of the war and afterwards. Cray's heirs were listed as Edward Jarvis, Thomas Jarvis, Maria Jarvis, Alice Jarvis and Elizabeth Jarvis of Gloucester Co., and James Jarvis, Alexander Cray, John Cray, Lydia Cray now Lydia Bassett, Francis Williams and John Williams of Mathews County and George Bailey, Mary Bailey and Fanny Bailey of Norfolk, VA.
3) Robert Tompkins, Captain of the galley Henry: On 11/4/1833 Howard Hobday, aged 58, stated that Lt. Christopher Tompkins of Gloucester CO, VA served under Capt. Robert Tompkins on the galley Henry. After the war he moved to Hampton, VA. On 4/29/1834 Thomas Hall stated that he knew Robert Tompkins of Kingston Parish which was then a part of Gloucester County and later Mathews County, VA. On 2/5/1839 Isaac Smith, aged 78, stated that he worked under Capt. Robert Tompkins on the building of the galley Henry and believed that Tompkins died in service. On 2/7/1839 Matthias Gayle, aged 77, stated that the Henry was launched on 6/1/l776. On 2/4/1839 James V. Thompson, an heir of Capt. Robert Tompkins, stated that Robert
Tompkins died in l783.
4) Thomas Ransome: Deponents included Matthias Gayle, Richard Hurst, Isaac Smith, Josiah Pugh, William Diggs, George Callis, and John W. Lawson.
5) William Brown, Midshipman, Virginia State Navy: Deponents Matthias Gayle and Isaac Smith.

According to tax records, Matthias, "father of Elijah," owned 25 acres of land from 1791 through 1794. In 1795 he is shown with 26 acres and from 1796 to 1798 he appears again with 25 acres. Matthias died on 3/4/1848 and pension payment vouchers dated 10/10/1848 mention Elijah Gayle, Peggy Diggs, widow of Bailey Diggs, Mary Diggs, wife of Joseph Diggs, Lucy A. Gayle, Matthias Gayle and Nancy Gayle, children of Matthias Gayle, late pensioner (former private) and lifelong resident of this county…..John A. Belvin, atty, to collect arrears due from 4 Sept., 1847 to 4 Mar 1848, the day of his death. (Pierce) On 12/17/1857 an inquiry was made for surviving children of Mathias Gayle.

CHILDREN OF MATTHIAS & SARA GAYLE
III. ELIJAH (2/12/1785 - 9/2/1863) married Mary Gayle 12/24/1813
III. MATTHIAS (ca. 1807/10 - 3/10/1886) married Sarah/Sallie Weston.

III. LUCY A. (2/1816 - ??)
III. MARGARET "PEGGY" (?? - ??) married Bailey Diggs Sr. (1773 - 1843, buried in the Morgan Cemetery, Rte. 645, Mathews), a neighbor who served with Mathias during the Revolutionary War. Bailey Diggs
owned 75 acres in 1788 and was listed with 70 acres from 1840 to 1841. His estate was listed with the same 70 acres from 1842 to 1854 and the property passed to descendants. (DB23/301, DB36/562 - 563, Plat Book 1/122) Bailey's home, known as the Bailey/Morgan Diggs House, was built ca. 1800 near Bethel Church off Route 611 and 609 in Onemo with the oldest portion fronting Route 609. The property was originally part of the 1800 acre grant to John Degge in1678.
III. MARY (7/20/1800 - 4/20/1857) married Joseph Diggs III (11/15/1799 - 3/6/1855) on 5/18/1821. The DAR Application of Juanita Diggs Hall, #417196, Cricket Hill Chapter, Mathews County, Va. stated that Mary Gayle Diggs was the daughter of Matthias Gayle, Jr., son of Matthias and Hannah or Sarah Gayle of Kingston Parish. Mary and her siblings were named in their father's Revolutionary War pension application dated 6/9/1834. The 1850 census lists Joseph Diggs (50) Ship Carpenter; Mary (45), James M. (21), John W. (17), Susan S. (13), Rebecca (11), Joseph (9), Benjamin (7), Sarah J. (5), Moses, age 3.
III. NANCY F. (?? - ??) was living in her sister Lucy's household on the 1850 census.

III. ELIJAH GAYLE (1785 - 1863) was born on 2/12/l785 in Gloucester County, Virginia to Matthias Gayle and Sara Gayle. On 12/24/1815 he married MARY GAYLE (7/12/1787 - 5/28/1878) in Mathews County. Their marriage date, along with other family information, was recorded in a family Bible in possession of Ivy Lee Brownley (?? - 1998) deceased, of Norfolk, VA, and included here by this writer if discernible. Families mentioned were Brownleys, Fernalds, Gayles and Harveys.

Elijah served as a private in the 61st Virginia Militia Company commanded by Levin Gayle under Captain Thomas James during the War of 1812 and appeared in payroll records in 1813 and 1814. In 1820 and 1830 his name appears on the Census for Mathews County and in 1830 he was listed as a slave owner. Although he was born in 1785, the 1850 Census of Mathews lists Elijah, ship carpenter, as age 60. In his household were his wife Mary, age 56, and children Robert M., age 23, and Virginia, age 19. He is shown with one slave from 1820 to 1850. Elijah inherited his father's property and owned 7 ½ acres on the East River, six miles south of the Courthouse. The same information appears in 1861 and 1862. The Census for 1860 lists Elijah, again described as a ship carpenter, age 74, and Mary, age 69. Their neighbors were Jesse Thomas, the families of Harvey and Fernald, and Thomas Gayle, age 66, and his wife Lucy, age 65, probably relatives.

In 1827 Elijah proved and recorded a deed from Lucy Wilson and in 1837 he searched for the will of John Gayle. [Probably John Gayle of York County.] On 4/24/1845 Mathews County land records note a land transfer from Elijah Gayle to Daniel and Jane Emory Fernald and at their death to their daughter, Mary Ann Fernald, of 1 acre, "being the same land on which said Daniel Fernald has lately built a dwelling house to be hereafter laid off so as to embrace the land in the corner of my land adj. Bartlett White." A witness was Shepard G. Miller. (DB12/69)

Elijah Gayle died in Mathews on 9/2/1863 and was buried there. Records in 1868 referenced his estate. His widow, Mary, received a pension for Elijah's military service and in 1871 her last known address was P.O. Mathews Courthouse, Mathews County, Va.

CHILDREN OF ELIJAH AND MARY GAYLE
IV. ELIZABETH (1/18/1817 - 12/6/1895) married (1) John A. Harvey (8/7/1803, son of Charles and Ann Harvey - ??) on 10/26/1837 and (2) a Mr. Evans. The family Bible noted that Mrs. Elizabeth Evans had died on 12/6/1895 (age 78 years, 10 months, 18 days), daughter of Elijah and Mary Gayle. Members of the Evans family were living in the household of Robert M. Gayle, brother of Elizabeth, in 1850.
IV. MARY ANN (11/24/1819 - 5/20/1878) may have married a Mr. Davis, as the family Bible states that Mary A. Davis (probably a daughter) died on 10/8/184_.
IV. JANE EMORY (11/20/1821 - ??) married Daniel Fernald.
IV. IVY C. (7/17/1827 - ??) married a Mr. Brownley and resided in Norfolk, VA.
IV. ROBERT M. (3/3/1830 - after 1850) was listed as a ship-carpenter and head of a household on the 1850 census, at age 23, which conflicts with his birth date. Also in his household were Thomas Evans, age 28, carpenter; Susan A. Evans, age 21 and Margaret J. Evans, age 1.
IV. VIRGINIA (1831 - ??) listed as a 19 year old dependent on the 1850 census

III. MATHIAS GAYLE (1807-12 - 1886) was born to Mathias and Sara Gayle sometime between 1810 and 1817, based on his death certificate and county census records. Mathias married SARAH "SALLIE" WESTON and had six known children. In 1850, Mathias is listed on the census as a ship carpenter, age 32. In his household were Martha, age 15; Mary, age 16; Thomas J., age 14; Lizzie, age 12; Harriet, age 9; and Margaret, age 7. In 1860 the family is listed on the Mathews County census as Mathias, 43, ship carpenter; Martha, 26; Mary A., 24; Thomas J., 22; Eliza J., 21; Harriet J., 19; Margaret S., 17. Sallie Weston Gayle was not listed and may have died. In 1880 the family appeared again as Mathias, 68 - widowed; Martha, 45 - daughter; Thomas J., 41 - son; Eliza, 39 - daughter; and Harriett, 37 - daughter.

On 10/19/1882 Mathias and his son, Thomas J. Gayle, purchased a 5 ½ acre tract of land from Thomas Brooks for $107.00. The tract adjoined Thomas Brooks, Francis Armistead, and Gully Branch Creek, a branch of Horn Harbor. Witnesses were Thomas Armistead and Benjamin Diggs, Justices. (Mathews County DB7/220, DB16/464) The property was later sold by Thomas J. Gayle, Martha Gayle, Eliza Gayle, Hariet Gayle and Margaret Gayle Armistead in two transactions in 1909 and 1912 to John G. and Willella W. Smith. [DIRECTIONS: Rte. 14 to Shadow, R on 600, R at lane, house on Pepper Creek near the site of New Point School.] Matthias Gayle died at age 76 of heart disease on 3/10/1886. His parents were listed as Matthias and Sarah Gayle and the information was given by his son, Thomas J. Gayle. According to his death certificate, Matthias was born in 1810; however, his estimated dates of birth from the census records range from 1818 (age 32 in 1850), 1817 (age 43 in 1860), and 1812 (age 68 in 1880).

CHILDREN OF MATTHIAS & SALLIE WESTON GAYLE
IV. MARY (1834-1836)
IV. THOMAS JEFFERSON (3/20/1835 - 1913)
IV. MARTHA (1836 - 3/1910)
IV. ELIZA J. "LIZZIE" (1838 - ??)
IV. HARRIET J. (1840 - ??)
IV. MARGARET S. (1843- ??) married Francis R. Armistead, mariner, age 26, on 1/30/1873.

IV. THOMAS JEFFERSON GAYLE (1835 - 1913) was born on 3/20/1835 to Matthew/Mathias and Sarah "Sallie" Weston Gayle. Thomas was unmarried when he appeared on the 1880 census in Mathews County listed as a waterman, age 41. Also in his household were his sisters, Martha Gayle, age 45; Eliza Gayle, age 39; and Harriet Gayle, age 37. Thomas' name appears on the Roster of the Mathews Artillery, having enlisted on 7/20/1861 at Mathews Courthouse. He was present for every roll call and appeared on the 1909 Mathews County pension list drawing benefits under an act of 1902.
Thomas and Elijah's land is noted on a deed between Matilda Thomas, et al, to George B. Thomas recorded on 4/18/1882 in Mathews County for part of the Bay View tract, later known as Bar Neck, bounded on the west by East River, on the East by land of William Miles, and on the South by lands of Elijah and Thomas Gayle, deceased. (DB8/159)

This deed made and entered into this the 26 day of August 1882 between Matilda Thomas, John W. Thomas, Lewis C. Thomas, Robert W. Thomas, Celey Thomas and Sarah A. Thomas of the first part and George B. Thomas of the second part all of the County of Mathews and State of Virginia witnesseth that for and in consideration of the above agreement and obligation of the above named George B. Thomas to give his Mother Matilda Thomas a home and support during her life and his sister Sarah A. Thomas a home and support until she marries and for the further consideration of the sum of one dollar in cash to them in hand paid. We the above named Matilda Thomas, John W. Thomas, Lewis C. Thomas, Robert B. Thomas, Celey Thomas and Sarah A. Thomas doth by these presents bargain and sell and convey to the said George B. Thomas his heirs etc. a certain tract or parcel of land lying and being in the Chesapeake District and situated on East River containing nine acres more or less and bounded as follows on the North by a creek dividing said land from the land of Wm. Miles on the East by the land of Thomas & Elijah Gayle, dec'd., and on the South & West by East River. Also a piece of woodland containing seven acres and bounded on the North by the land of Benjamin Williams on the East by the land of Wm. Smith on the South by the land of Thos. D. White and on the West by the land of Joseph W.White, dec'd. To have and to hold the aforesaid pieces or parcels of land together with all the appurtenances thereto belonging unto him the said George B. Thomas his heirs etc. to his or their only proper use and behalf forever and the aforesaid Matilda Thomas, John W. Thomas, Lewis C. Thomas, Robert W. Thomas, Celey Thomas and Sarah A. Thomas for themselves their heirs, executors, etc. the aforesaid pieces or parcels of land together with all the appurtenances thereto belonging unto the said George B. Thomas, his heirs, executors etc. shall will and do forever warrant and defend the right title and estate in and to the same free from the claim or claims of them the aforesaid Matilda Thomas, John W. Thomas, Lewis C. Thomas, Robert W. Thomas, Celey Thomas and Sarah A. Thomas their heirs, executors, etc. and from the claim or claims of all persons whomsoever. In testimony whereof the parties have hereunto set their hands and affixed their Seals the day and year first above written .........................Matilda Thomas



Bar Neck House,
(Photo 2002, Gayle N. Mandell)
On 11/10/1909 Thomas J. Gayle, Martha Gayle, Eliza Gayle, Harriet Gayle, Margaret Gayle Armistead and Francis R. Armistead, her husband, sold 2 acres of land in Chesapeake Magisterial District of Mathews County to John G. Smith of Texas for $100.00, The property was bounded on the North by lands of Thomas J. Gayle, on the East by Thomas Brooks, on the South by John H. Owens, and on the West by Gulley Branch Creek, a branch of Horn Harbor. In 1912 Smith purchased additional acreage of the property, referred to as The Gayle Place, from Martha Gayle, Eliza Gayle, Harriet Gayle, and Margaret Gayle Armistead.

A deed between Willella W. Smith, widow of John G. Smith, deceased, and Alice Borum, Ellen Borum and Eunice Marchant mentioned land bounded
"...on the north by land formerly owned by Thomas Brooks, now the estate of J. Annie Borum, deceased; on the east by the public road; formerly the land of Thomas Brooks, deceased; South by land formerly owned by Francis Armistead; and on the West by a creek, a branch of Horn Harbor…The land herein conveyed is all and the same land which was conveyed by Thomas Brooks to Mathias Gayle and Thomas J. Gayle by deed bearing date on the 19th day of October 1882 and recorded in the Clerk's office of Mathews County on the 8th day of November, 1882, in deed book No. 7 at page 220; and which was conveyed to John G. Smith by two certain deeds of record in the Clerk's office of Mathews County; the first of which deeds bearing date of the 10th day of November, 1909 and recorded in Deed Book No. 16- at page 474, executed by Thomas J. Gayle, (as co-owner) and Thomas J. Gayle; Martha Gayle; Eliza Gayle; Harriet Gayle and Margaret Armistead, nee Gayle, sole heirs at law of Mathias Gayle, conveyed to John G. Smith two (2) acres, more or less of said tract of five and 50/100 acres; and by the second deed, bearing date on the 29th day of March, 1912 and recorded in Deed Book No. 18 at page 375, Thomas J. Gayle (co-owner) and Thomas J. Gayle and Margaret Armistead, sole surviving heirs at law of Mathias Gayle, conveyed to said John G. Smith, Three and 50/100 (3.50) acres, more or less of said Five and 50/100 (5.50) acres… (DB54/24-25)

Thomas Jefferson Gayle died on 6/24/1913 at age 78 in Mathews from heart disease and the informant on his death certificate was Eliza Armistead.

II. THOMAS GAYLE (2/7/1774 - Living 1814) was born to Matthias and Sara Gayle. He was christened on 2/27/1774 according to the Kingston Parish Register. His wife and children are unknown but it appears that he had a son, Thomas Gayle, born about 1794. He was living in 1814 when he was named as Thomas, son of Matt.

POSSIBLE CHILD OF THOMAS & UNKNOWN GAYLE
III. THOMAS (Est. 1794 - ??), ship carpenter, appeared on the Mathews County Census for 1850 and 1860 with his age given as 59 and 66 respectively. Thomas married LUCY (UNKNOWN) - (Est. 1795 - ??) but no children were found. The 1850 census lists Thomas as the owner of 200 acres of land and 1 slave. He appears on the 1860 census with Lucy, age 65. Living with them was Virginia A. Gayle, seamstress.
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Matthias Gayle #2 (Est. 1730s - By 1818) of Gloucester County

I. MATTHIAS GAYLE (EST. 1730s - By 1818) was born to unknown parents sometime during the 1730s, based on his marriage to Susannah L. Borum on 10/5/1758 recorded in the Kingston Parish register with the births of their children. From 1791 through 1794 Matthias owned 25 acres of land in Kingston Parsh. Land tax records show 26 acres in 1795, but from 1796 through 1798 the acreage again appears as 25.

Personal property tax records for Gloucester/Mathews County beginning in 1791 show a Matthias Gayle. presumably this one, with one Negro over 12 years of age in 1791, two over 16 in 1792, one over 16 in 1793, 1794 and 1795. After that, there are none listed. In 1816 a suit between Mathew (sic) Gayle and the executors of Edmund Borum named Thos. D____, exor. of Edmund Borum; Wm. Borum; Edward Bell and wife Frances; Elizabeth A. Jarvis; George E. Thomas and wife Lucy (formerly Lucy Borum); Catherine C. Borumm; Indiana, Sarah and William Borum, children of John Borum (last three infants under age); Sarah Francis Borum; Thomas Borum; Edward Borum and George Borum, last four children of Edward T. Borum, deceased, and infants under age and Georgianna Borum, widow of Edmund Borum, deceased. Matthias must have had died by 1818, since his son John was listed as the owner of his 25 acres of land on the East River.

CHILDREN OF MATTHIAS AND SUSANNAH BORUM GAYLE
II. MARY (3/21/1759, Ch: 4/29/1759)
II. JOHN (12/20/1760, Ch: 2/1/1761 - 1811-12) appeared for the first time on the Gloucester County tax list in 1786 as John, s/o Matthew and Susanna, with 25 acres on the East River.
II. ANN (11/12/1762; Ch. 1/30/1763)
II. SUSANNAH (7/7/1764, Ch: 9/9/1764)
II. ELIZABETH ( 4/13/1766, Ch: 6/1/1766)
II. SARAH (4/13/1767, Ch: 5/15/1767)
II. MARGARET (3/6/1770, Ch: 4/29/1770)
II. JOANNA (2/16/1772, Ch: 4/12/1772)
II. LUCY (7/25/1775, Ch. 8/5/1775)

II. JOHN GAYLE (1760 - Aft. 1818) was born on 12/20/1760 to Matthew and Susanna Borum Gayle and christened on 2/1/1761. He was listed for the first time in 1785 as a single head of a household and appeared on the Gloucester County tax list beginning in 1786 as John, s/o Matthew and Susanna, with 25 acres on the East River, six miles south of the courthouse.

On the 1787 Census for Gloucester County John, son of Matt, appears with two head of cattle. He was visited by the census taker on April 18th along with neighbors John Allerman, Edard (sic) Davis, Nathan Fletcher, Wm. Hudgins, Edmund Robins, William Robins, Edward White, and John White. John continues to be shown as the owner of the same 25 acre tract through 1812 and by 1817 he appears with the same 25 acres of land plus 6 ½ acres, part of the Matt Gayle estate. Other heirs were Richard Ripley and Nancy Hurst. . John Gayle died sometime after 1818.

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Thomas Gayle (Living 1750s) of Gloucester County
The earliest Thomas Gayle in Kingston Parish was living in the mid-1700s. He is not to be confused with Thomas Gayle of "The Four Brothers." There is nothing to tie him to the other families with the exception of the name of his son, John Edwards, since Judith Edwards was the wife of Matthew Gayle III (1690 - 1779) of Kingston Parish, later of Spotsylvania County, VA. His daughter, Caty, married into the Foster Family and Mary Ann married Thomas Hall (Below).

I. THOMAS GAYLE (Est. 1725 - ??) was born to unknown parents sometime around 1725. Thomas married JOYCE HALL and their marriage was recorded in the Kingston Parish Register. [THOMAS GAYLE married ___CE (UNKNOWN) on 12/15/1763. With an 18 year spread between the births of children Caty in 1751 and John Edwards in 1769, there were probably other children and there was possibly another marriage.

CHILDREN OF THOMAS & JOYCE HALL GAYLE
II. CATY (9/14/1751, christened 8/15/1766 - ??) married on 10/14/1769 to CAPTAIN JOSIAH FOSTER (12/2/1758 - ??), son of John Foster, Jr. and his wife Rosanna. [The Kingston Parish Register lists a marriage betweem Josiah Foster and Caty Gayle on 10/14/1751 and the birth of a daughter baptized on 2/9/1755, so there is a question regarding the dates.] Their daughter was Lucy Gayle Foster (4/1/1797 - 10/3/1883) who married JAMES WHITE (12/31/1792 - 12/17/1860), son of John Callis and Anne White on 10/10/1815 [Some of this family is buried at Bassett's burial ground near Woodis Creek.]. In 1811 GEORGE GAYLE sued JOSIAH FOSTER.
II. JOHN EDWARDS (8/11/1769 - ??)
II. MARY ANN (?? - ??) married THOMAS HALL (Abt. 1770 - 1840)
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Joseph R. Gayle (Ca. 1810 - 1863) Gloucester County
JOSEPH is listed here umder Thomas because of his marriage to MARY ANN HALL, daughter of ship builder THOMAS HALL (Abt. 1770 - 1840) who married MARY ANN GAYLE, daughter of THOMAS GAYLE OF KINGSTON PARISH (Above).
Joseph Gayle (Est. 1740-50 - Aft. 1789) of Gloucester County

I. JOSEPH GAYLE (Est. 1740 - Living 1789) was born to unknown parents, probably in Gloucester County. He married MARY ELIZABETH MORGAN, daughter of WILLIAM MORGAN (ca. 1706 - 1763-64) and SARAH GAYLE, and had children. Mary Morgan Gayle's sister was MARY ANN MORGAN who married ROLAND SUTTON and had children JOHN GAYLE SUTTON and SARAH SUTTON, who married CHARLES EDWARDS. Their son was THOMAS ELLIOTT EDWARDS who married secondly to MARTHA PEYTON HUDGINS GAYLE, widow of John Gayle.] - [SEE CHAPTER 12]

Joseph's father-in-law, William Morgan (ca. 1706 - 1763-64) of Middlesex County, wrote his will on 12/10/1762 (Middlesex Co., WBE/189) and made bequests to sons John and Josiah Morgan and daughters Ann Sutton, Johanna Lee, Letitia Hill and Rose Jones. The will was proved in April of 1764. John Morgan received 400 acres in Fauquier county and land purchased from Mrs. Hope Sutton, Mrs. Marston and John Dudley. Son Josiah Morgan received 222 acres in Fauquier County and land purchased from William Barby, John Ingrom (sic) and his son Samuel and William Crutchfield. Also mentioned was one Mary Stevens. Executors were sons John and Josiah Morgan, Rowland Sutton and Needles Hill. Witnesses were John Dudley, Lindsey Jarvis, Edward Wilson and James Deagle. A chancery suit, Sutton v. Morgan, in June of 1768 named husbands and wives Rowland and Ann Sutton, Needles and Letitia Hill, Charles and Joanna Lee, and Isaac and Rose Jones.

On 4/23/1776 Hugh Walker and Joseph Gayle appeared in court as guardians to John and Josiah Morgan, orphans of William Morgan, deceased. The court ordered that William Edmonds, James Bell, Charles Bell and Charles Morehead divide the lands devised by William Morgan to John and Josiah Morgan, according to his will.

Joseph was living in Kingston Parish in 1780 when he appeared with Samuel Buckner and John Elliott, Jr. in the first precinct there. In 1782 he was listed in tax records of Gloucester County as a white male over 21 with six slaves and 108 acres of land. From 1783 through 1787 the same acreage is given but the slaves have been reduced to five in 1784 and three in 1785. In 1784 Joseph was listed on the first census of the United States in Kingston Parish with ten white souls, one dwelling, and four other buildings.

CHILDREN OF JOSEPH & MARY ELIZABETH MORGAN GAYLE
II. CHRISTOPHER (2/24/1771 - By 1820), baptized on 4/7/1771, married Molly Gayle, daughter of John Gayle of York County, VA on 7/21/1797.
II. JOSEPH JR. (2/10/1774 - 1826) was baptized on 3/17/1774. He married (UNKNOWN) and died in 1826. He had one son and there may have been other children.
II. LUCY JONES (5/16/1776, baptized 6/23/1776 - ??)

II. CHRISTOPHER GAYLE (1771 - BY 1820) was born on 2/14/1771 in Kingston Parish to Joseph and Mary Elizabeth Morgan Gayle. On 7/21/1797 Christopher married MOLLY/MARY GAYLE (ca. 1775 - ??), daughter of John Gayle of York County, who provided security. The Reverend Thomas Camm, Rector of Charles Parish, performed the ceremony. No children have been found.

In 1798 and 1799 both Christopher and his brother Joseph, Jr. appeared on the York County tax list. In 1800 Christopher's name appears on the land tax list for Mathews County with 143 acres "of Ro Elliott." He is listed on personal property tax lists showing one white poll and is the owner of slaves. He appears on the 1804 Mathews County Land Tax List with 8 ½ acres (LB1/128, Plat 222) and is listed in 1805 as "Christopher of Jo Gayle." On 8/21/1804 he was paid $18.13 for attending court six days in the case of William Moss against the administrator of James Toomer, deceased. Christopher's father-in-law, John Gayle, was a witness for William Moss. On 3/18/1805 John recovered damages in a suit against Lawrence Gibbons and it was ordered that he pay Christopher for attending court two days, for traveling 25 miles and returning, and for his ferriages at York Town.

Christopher is included on the Mathews County Tax Lists through 1809 with 8 ½ acres and appeared in 1810 with one white poll, after which he disappears from the tax records. He died sometime before July of 1820 since court records show the motion of William Howlett, administrator of Christopher Gayle, deceased, ordering that Francis Whiting, John C. Dare, William Dunston, Charles Blake and James W. Howard or any three of them settle the account of the said Howlett's administration of Christopher's estate and file a report with the court.

II. JOSEPH GAYLE, JR. (2/10/1774 - 1826) was born on 2/10/1774 to Joseph and Mary Elizabeth Morgan Gayle and baptized on 3/17/1774. In 1795 he was listed in Kingston Parish as the guardian of Jas. Macbride. Also in 1795 Joseph was charged in connection with actions against John Hunley and John and William Loper and for recording a deed from Cully.

From 1793 through 1800 Joseph was shown as the single head of a household with no slaves. In 1801 he was listed in Mathews County as a white male over 16, and until 1820 he was listed with 25 acres of land on the East River. By 1803 he appears with three white males in his household. From 1804 through 1810 he is again shown as the single head of the household. He must have married by 1810 since he appears on the census for that year as the head of a household, aged 26 to 45. Living with him were *two white males under 10, and two white females from 16 to 26. Joseph Gayle appeared again on the 1820 census. And on 4/27/1826 the
American Commercial Beacon wrote, "Thursday, Died in Mathews Co., at his residence, Mr. Joseph Gayle, a suicide by hanging himself." In 1829 the Mathews County Fee Book listed Francis Armistead as administrator of Joseph Gayle. Based on the dates it is probable that these references were to this Joseph Gayle.
Joseph Gayle (Est. 1700 - By 1782) of Gloucester County
I. Joseph (Ca. 1810 - Living 1862) m. Mary Ann Hall
II. Sarah A. (1834 - ??) m. 1852 John H. White
II. Annie E. (1826 - 1905) m. 1856 to Alfred Ray
II. Joseph (#1) (1840 -1840)
II Joseph (#2) (ca. 1842 - ??)
II. George T. (1846 - 1846)
II. George W. (1847 - 1920) m. 1874 Lucy A. Thomas, age 27
III. Joseph William (1885 - 1940) m. Marian "Mae" Belle Gow
IV. Dorothy (?? - ??)
IV. Susie or Lucy (?? - ??)
IV. Ann (?? - ??)
IV. George (?? - ??)
IV. Robert Lee (?? - ??)
DESCENDANTS OF JOSEPH GAYLE
In 1838 Hall sold 8 ¼ acres on East River to his son-in-law, Joseph R. Gayle, that included a building valued at $200.00. Joseph expanded the house in 1840 with the addition of a two-story Greek Revivial structure to the south of the original dwelling. This structure was valued in 1840 at $900.00. (LB1/242; LB1/139). Joseph also acquired 49.61 acres on Garden Creek from "Ro. Gayle."

Thomas Hall Sr. died intestate in 1840 and his family received a pension from his Revolutionary War service. The pension deposition named THOMAS HALL, JR., SARAH HURST, wife of WILLIAM HURST; and MARY GAYLE, wife of JOSEPH R. GAYLE. At that time, Hall owned tracts of 52 ½ acres; 4 acres; 16 ¾ acres; and 78 ¼ acres, all located three miles south of the Courthouse. He also owned 43 ¼ acres two miles west of the Courthouse. In 1841 his land on East River was divided among his children. THOMAS HALL, JR. received 36 acres; ROBERT HALL'S ORPHANS received 24 acres; JOHN W. HALL received 26 acres; son-in-law JOSEPH R. GAYLE received his 8 ¼ acres plus 34 acres; son-in-law WILLIAM HURST, received 100 acres plus 27 acres sold to JOSEPH R. GAYLE in 1842 as 27 ½ acres. He later was deeded 27 ½ acres from William Hurst, also hiered of Thomas Hall.

In 1843, Joseph Gayle sold 70.18 acres to THOMAS WESTON, including Sutherland, and moved to Baltimore. The following year, Joseph and Mary Gayle were sued as administrators of the estate of THOMAS HALL, deceased, by WILLIAM & SARAH HURST; Thomas and Sarah Hall and infants Thomas Hall and John Hall. Then in 1845, Gayle transferred 28 ¾ acres on Garden Creek to HUNLEY HUDGINS and 18.9 acres to SHEPARD G. MILLER (1809 - 1868) who owned the property known as Palace Green on East River, deeded in 1842 to Francis Armistead (1809-1896).

Sutherland was once the site of a sizeable ship building operation suggested by research that also noted a creek depth of 28 feet in the early 1800s. In 1974 it was the site of an archeological dig under the direction of Howard A. MacCord, whose summary of the project, "The Refo Site," is part of the Mathews County Historical Society archives at the Mathews Memorial Library.







Sutherland, original portion ca. 1838 (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2003)
Joseph and his family appear on the 1850 census of Baltimore as Joseph R. Gayle, age 40, mariner, Va. - Mary A., age 36, Va. - Sarah A., age 16, Va. - Ann E., age 14, Va. - Joseph, age 8, Va. - George, age 4, Va. His residence was at 77 South Ann Street. Joseph's relations remained in Mathews County where they appear on the 1850 census as William Hurst, age 65; Sarah, age 56; and Elizabeth Hall, age 40. The 1870 census shows Sarah Hurst, age 76; Mary Gayle, age 57; and George Gayle, age 22. The 1880 census shows George Gayle, age 30 (born in Maryland); Lucy Gayle, age 32 (born in Virginia); and Sarah Hurst, age 85 (aunt, born in Virginia). In June of 1882 Sarah's will leaves 84 acres on the west side of Pudding Creek to nephew George W. Gayle. In 1896 George Gayle inherited land adjacent to the lands of Elijah Borum, Miles, Williams and Tinsley from his aunt, Sarah Hurst, and sold it the same year to James Thurston.

While in Baltimore, Joseph Gayle was associated with John McKim, Jr. & Sons of that city. A ship captain, Joseph served as master of the schooner
Superior, of East River, the schooner Sarah Ann and the bark Catalina, a ship he commanded in 1862.

MANIFEST OF PASSENGERS, BARK CATALINA, JOSEPH R. GAYLE, MASTER
List or Manifest of all the Passengers taken on board the Argentine Bark Catalina whereof Joseph R. Gayle, is master, from Buenos Aires burthen 333 8/95 tons.

DISTRICT OF NEW YORK - PORT OF NEW YORK
Buenos Aires, Argentina to New York, 25 June 1862

I, Joseph R. Gayle, master of the Argentine Bark Catalina do solemnly, sincerely, and truly swear that the following List or Manifest, subscribed by me, and now delivered by me to the Collector of the Customs of the Collection District of New York, is a full and perfect list of all the passengers taken on board of the said Bark at Buenos Aires from which port said bark has now arrived; and that on said list is truly designated the age, the sex, and the occupation of each of said passengers, the part of the vessel occupied by each during the passage, the country to which each belongs, and also the country of which it is intended by each to become an inhabitant; and that said List or Manifest truly sets forth the number of said passengers who have died on said voyage, and the names and ages of those who died.

So help me God. (signed) Joseph R. Gayle
Sworn before me this 25 June 1862…
(NARA, Film M237, Reel 220, List 603)
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According to an article in the Baltimore Sun dated 10/7/1863 Joseph died at sea on 7/22/1863 while en route to Rio de Janeiro as master of the bark Paladin.

CHILDREN OF JOSEPH & MARY ANN HALL GAYLE
II. SARAH A. (1834 - ??) married John H. White on 2/26/1852.
II. ANNIE E. (11/10/1826, Va. - 9/3/1905, Baltimore) married Alfred Ray on 10/29/1856. [Ann is listed on the 1850 Baltimore census at age 14, which would put her birth at 1836 vs. 1826] At the time of her death, Ann was living at 1633 N. Broadway. The informant on her death certificate was her son-in-law Robert H. Simpson who listed her age as 68 years, 9 months, 23 days. She was buried in Louden Park Cemetery on 9/5/1905.
II. JOSEPH #1 (9/29/1840 - 11/4/1840)
II. JOSEPH #2 (ca. 1842 - ??)
II. GEORGE T. (2/22/1846 - 2/25/1846)
II. GEORGE W. (6/1847, Baltimore, Md. - 1920) married 9/20/1874 Lucy A. Thomas, age 27.

II. GEORGE WILLIAM GAYLE (1847 - 1920) was born in Baltimore in 1847 to Joseph and Mary Hall Gayle. By 1870 he had moved from Baltimore to Mathews where census records show Sarah Hurst, age 76; Mary Gayle, age 57; and George Gayle, age 22. Sarah Hurst, George's aunt, was the sister of his mother Mary Hall Gayle. On 4/28/1873 Sarah wrote to the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington, DC regarding the bounty land warrant issued to her husband, William Hurst, witnessed by George Gayle. On 9/20/1874 George married LUCY A. THOMAS, age 27, of Mathews County. They appear on the 1880 census as George Gayle, age 30 (born in Maryland), Lucy Gayle, age 32 (born in Virginia), Sarah Hurst, age 85 (aunt, born in Virginia), and Tabitha Buchanan, 65. In 1884 a son, Joseph William, was born to George and Lucy.

Dear Sir,

In your letter of the 22d April 1873, you require that I should state the Christian name of my husbands father; the number of bounty land Warrant; the name and residence of the attorney; the names of all officers under whom he served; the middle name of my husband; and whether prior to my marriage I had been known by any other name that that alleged in my declaration.

My husband's (William Hurst) father was named John Hurst. The number of bounty land Warrant I do not know. He received a warrant for 160 acres. I do not think he had any attorney; he attended to it himself in his own name. The colonel under whom he served was Col. Levin Gayle; and I think the Captains were Thomas James and Gabriel Hughes. I must refer you to his declaration for bounty land for the above information. He was always on detached service. My husband had no middle name; and prior to my marriage I have never been known by any other name that that alleged in my declaration.

All of which is respectfully submitted
Your obedient servant
Sarah (her X mark) Hurst

Witness
George W. Gayle
S. A. Parrott
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A number of land transactions between George Gayle and others were recorded in the early 1880s. Sarah Hurst's will of 1877 left her farm of 84 acres on the west side of Pudding Creek to nephew George W. Gayle. On December 1st of 1882, articles of agreement between George W. Gayle and James P. Thurston were drawn up, according to the will of Sarah A. Hurst. The agreement pertained to 10 acres of land in the glebe adjoining Elijah Borum along the shore of East River and Pudding Creek. In 1883 G. T. Garnett sold part of the property known as Poplar Grove to G. W. Gayle. In 1886 and 1888 George Gayle sold property to James Thurston and in 1896 inherited land adjacent to Miles, Williams, Tinsley, and Elijah Borum from his aunt, Sarah Hurst. In May of the same year he sold 12 acres in the glebe on the East side of Pudding Creek, adjoining John H. Miles, Jr., and Williams and Tinsley, to James P. Thurston. In another transaction in 1896 George sold 5.237 acres of woodland in the Glebe to Edwin Foster and in December of 1899 he sold land in the glebe to Mrs. Mary M. Hurst.

George William Gayle died in 1920. An obituary appeared 4/15/1920 in
The Mathews Journal.

MR. GEORGE W. GAYLE
Mr. George W. Gayle, a well known citizen of the Glebe, died at his home Tuesday. His death came suddenly and was due to heart disease. Funeral services were conducted Tuesday by Rev. J. W. Simmons and interment made in Trinity cemetery. Mr. Gayle was 72 years of age and was a native of Baltimore, Md. He had moved to the county, however, a great many years ago and been a citizen here ever since. He was a quiet, assuming, but very good man who deserved and received the respect and esteem of his neighbors. He is survived by his wife and one son, Mr. J. W. Gayle.

CHILD OF GEORGE WILLIAM & LUCY A. THOMAS GAYLE
III. JOSEPH WILLIAM GAYLE (1884 - 4/11/1940) married Marian "Mae" Belle Gow (1895 - ??) in Edinburgh, Scotland, and had children. According to the 1910 Mathews County census George Gayle, age 62, and Lucy, age 64, were living in Joseph's household.

III
. JOSEPH WILLIAM GAYLE (1885 - 1940) was born to George William and Lucy Thomas Gayle in 1885 in Mathews County, Va. He was listed as the head of the household on the 1910 census of Mathews, Westville District, as age 24. His father and mother were living with him, ages 62 and 64 respectively. Joseph married MARIAN "MAE" BELLE GOW (1895 - ??) in Edinburgh, Scotland and had children. Joseph William Gayle died on 4/11/1940 and his obituary appeared in the Gloucester-Mathews Gazette-Journal.

Joseph William Gayle, aged 55, died at his home at Mathews after a short illness, on Sunday evening. Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Marian Gayle, three daughters, Miss Dorothy Gayle, Miss Susie [Lucy] Gayle and Miss Anne Gayle and two sons, George and Robert Lee Gayle. Funeral services were held Wednesday at the Foster Funeral Home at 2 o'clock with Rev. R. G. Kendrick, pastor of the Mathews Baptist church, officiating. Interment was made in the Trinity Cemetery.

CHILDREN OF JOSEPH WILLIAM & MARIAN GOW GALE
IV. DOROTHY (?? - ??)
IV. SUSIE (?? - ??) or LUCY
IV. ANN (?? - ??)
IV. GEORGE (?? - ??)
IV. ROBERT LEE (?? - ??)
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MATTHEW GAYLE & BACON'S REBELLION
In 1676 Virginia planters were suffering from Indian raids, political corruption, excessive taxes, and loss of representative government in England. Complaints to Governor William Berkeley met with no success. In response Nathaniel Bacon the Younger recruited a force of 700 horsemen and 600 foot soldiers to stop the raids, unite the colonists against taxation, and improve representative government for Virginia. He established his headquarters at
Warner Hall in Gloucester County, owned by Augustine Warner, Speaker of the House of Burgesses, whose daughter, Mildred Warner Washington, later married Colonel George Gale Somerset County, Maryland, who may have been one of Matthew's relatives.

Matthew served as a captain for Bacon and was named in a petition by the citizens of Gloucester who were protesting the manner in which Bacon's officers impressed men and horses for the rebellion. Advised of their discontent and assured of their support against Bacon, Governor Berkeley traveled to Gloucester and on 7/18/1676 was presented with a petition complaining of the conduct of some of Bacon's officers, including Matthew Gale, one of Bacon's chief commanders. They claimed that Matthew Gale, a Captain under Nathaniel Bacon, threatened "Coll. Matthew Kemp, Commander of all the horse in this County," with a gun. Gale had promised to "goe to his General Bacon and, in a very short time returne with an hundred horse, and ruin the County." (Stanard)

Under Bacon's leadership parties of militiamen plundered the countryside, raiding and burning Jamestown and several Virginia plantations. His troops soon secured possession of the entire Virginia colony with the exception of the Eastern Shore where Berkley fled, receiving sanctuary at the Custis home,
Arlington Plantation, in Northampton County. In Surry County Bacon's troops seized and occupied the plantation owned by Berkeley supporter Arthur Allen II on 9/17/1676. Located on James River and known as Allen's Brick House and later as Bacon's Castle, the plantation was occupied by Bacon's troops until 12/27/1676 when British marines from the ship Young Prince, commanded by Admiral Robert Morris, drove them from the house.


Bacon's Castle, Surrey County, VA (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1994)
Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650s - Living 1705) of Gloucester County, VA
PROBABLE MEMBERS OF THIS FAMILY IN PORTSMOUTH INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING.

I. WILLIAM H. GAYLE (1812-14 - 1859) was born to unknown parents around 1812-14 based on census records. William married ELIZABETH MINTER MARCHANT (1818 - Aft. 1900), daughter of James Minter and widow of ALEXANDER MARCHANT (Abt. 1810 - Bef. 1850), son of Ambrose and Sarah Jane Hudgins Marchant, herself the daughter of Thomas Hudgins. The children of Alexander and Elizabeth Minter Marchant appear in William's household on the 1850 and 1860 census.
They are as follows. SETH AMBROSE MARCHANT (10/17/1837, Mathews - 5/26/1924, Baltimore, MD); MARY JANE MARCHANT (1839 - Bet. 1879-80) married Charles Stevens; ELIZABETH ANN MARCHANT (1841 - ??); JOHN RICHARD MARCHANT #1 (1843 - ??); ANN B. MARCHANT (1843 - ??) twin of John. Probably died prior to the 1850 census; JOHN RICHARD MARCHANT #2 (Abt. 1845, Mathews - 1893, Baltimore, MD)

Alexander Marchant's father waas AMBROSE MARCHANT (1772 - 1810), and his brother was Ambrose Marchant II (2/1815 - 1/21/1854) who married Mildred Esther Fleet (8/10/1816 - 1/12/1864), daughter of John Pierce and Susanna Williams Gayle Fleet (4/20/1791 - ??), on 12/14/1837. Susanna was the daughter of Levin and Margaret Esther Williams Gayle of Kingston Parish. Ambrose Marchant Sr. was a co-guardian for several orphans along with Robert and Thomas Hudgins, relatives of his wife. [Descendant Nancy Reed has a copy of a page from a family bible that states that Ambrose Marchant (1772 - 1810) & John Pierce Fleet both married Gayle sisters in a double ring ceremony at the Shot Tower in Baltimore. This has not been verified.]

CHILDREN OF WILLIAM H. & ELIZABETH MINTER MARCHANT GAYLE
II. LUCY F. GAYLE (1851 - ??)
II. JOEL M. GAYLE (1853 - ??)
II. ROSA ELLA GAYLE (1854 - 10/1856) was listed in the Mathews Death Register with her parents, William H. & Elizabeth Gayle.

On the 1840 census William Gayle appeared as a blacksmith, age 26, and Elizabeth as age 28. In 1850 he owned 500 acres of land and had five slaves. Living next door was Jane Marchant [widow of Ambrose], age 68, listed as the head of the household with another female between 40 and 50, one male between 10 and 15, one female between 15 and 20, five slaves, and one "free colored." On 7/18/1857 William Gayle was listed in an accounting of the estate of Ambrose Marchant, Richard Ambrose, administrator. There is a notation that W. S. (or L.) Gayle is to be credited monies as a settlement with J. White, surviving partner of White and Gayle. William had died by 9/12/1859 when Wyndham Kemp, Elizabeth Gayle and John H. Dunlevy, late sheriff of Mathews, are appointed as administrators of the estate of William Gayle.

Elizabeth A. Marchant Gayle appeared in 1859 as a member of Westville Christian Church. She was referred to as "Lizzie" Gayle, seamstress, widow of William H. Gayle, with slave holdings of $50.00. In 1860 she was shown on the census as head of a household including Richard E. Parrott (1820 - ??), seaman, and in 1861, 1862 and 1868 she was listed as the owner of 6 acres, ¼ mi. west of the courthouse. (DB346/344) She acquired additional property in 1867 from Joel F. Minter, probably her brother. A deed dated in 1867 at Bexar County, Texas, stated,
Know all men…I, Joel F. Minter, for the natural love & affection of my sister, Mrs. Elizabeth A. Gayle of Mathews Co., VA…assign & grant all my right, interest, title to the estate of my deceased father, James Minter, either real or personal, together with my interest in the estate of my mother, Mrs. Ann Minter, late of said county of Mathews…& I further declare that this deed is now made to supply the loss of a like deed made by me in 1849 or 1850 to said Elizabeth A. Gayle, which is supposed to have been lost or destroyed…27 Dec, 1867…..Joel F. Minter (Mathews County, DB1/403) In 1874 the Land/Tax Books show her as Eliza A. Gayle with 6 acres of land, and in 1890 she was shown with 6.412 plus 12/24 acres of land at Mathews Courthouse. In 1900 the census listed "Lizzie" Gayle in the household of her daughter, Elizabeth Ann Marchant Abergh. She died sometime afterwards.
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BABY GAYLE (12/30/1868, Portsmouth VA - 1/3/1868)
BETHENIA ADELAIDE SIMMONS GAYLE (1853, Norfolk Co. VA - 5/4/1940, Portsmouth VA)
DIANA GAYLE (5/26/1804, Elizabeth City Co. VA - 1/1/1884) buried at Olive Grove, Portsmouth, VA
JOHN GAYLE (?? - 1827) appeared in the following obituary from The Portsmouth Beacon on 11/5/1827. "Died, at Pensacola on the 12th Oct, of yellow fever, Mr. John Gayle.
LUCY A. GAYLE (Abt. 1817, VA - 6/6/1890, VA)
MARY BARTLETT AYRES GAYLE (7/9/1856, Portsmouth, VA - 9/21/1901, Mt. Airy, Surry Co., VA)
MARY FORTHAN GAYLE (1841, VA - 6/29/1867 in child birth)
MATTIE W. GAYLE (9/1876, Portsmouth, VA - 7/11/1879)
SARAH ELLEN GAYLE (8/24/1885 VA - 1/28/1913, Portsmouth VA)
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THE GOFFIGON & HUNT FAMILIES
These entries appear to relate to this family:
1790 - 1811: MATT GAYLE appeared with one white male, 84 acres.
1835 tax list: Matthias Gayle Sr., Matthias Gayle Jr. and Matthew Gayle.
1836 tax list: Matthias Gayle Sr. and Matthew Gayle Jr.
1837 tax list; Matthias Gayle and Matthias Gayle, Jr.
1810 - 1830: Matthew Gayle Sr. owned slaves
1811: Matthew Gayle Sr. (Living 1811) sold 15 acres pm 3/20/1811 to ZACHARIAH ADDAMS, surveyed by Richard Billups at the request of James Thomas, guardian to Steven Addams' children and Matthew Gayle, Sr. Boundaries were adjacent EDWARD WHITE [guardian of William White in 1815], 1827: JOHN ADAMS named as administrator de bonis non (this is the second administrator who distriutes the remaining assets) of MATTHEW GAYLE, deceased, with WILLIAM TOMPKINS and ROBERT HUNLEY.
1830: Matthias Gayle Jr. owned slaves
MATHEW GAYLE (Living 1854) sold 20 acres on East River on 6/1/1854 to Jno. Bohannon, Jr. The land, surveyed by George W. Bohannon, was adjacent G. H. Moughon and Wm. Bohannon.
MATTHEW GAYLE (Living 1857) was a defendant in a case against William S. Edwards.
MATTHEW GAYLE (Living 1861, 62, 68) owned 70 acres on East River 3 miles northwest of the courthouse.
I. JOSEPH R. GAYLE (CA. 1810 - 7/22/1863, at sea) was born around 1810 to unknown parents. He was listed on census records for 1830, 1840 and 1850. Joseph Gayle married MARY ANN HALL, daughter of ship builder THOMAS HALL (Abt. 1770 - 1840) and his wife, MARY ANN GAYLE, daughter of THOMAS GAYLE (Above). The intermarriages with the Hall family suggest a relationship to the family of the "Four Brothers." The children of THOMAS & MARY ANN GAYLE HALL were SARAH HALL (Abt. 1795 - Abt. 1882) who married William Hurst and left a will dated 12/3/1877 in which she bequeaths to her nephew George W. Gayle, appointed as her executor, her 84 acre farm on the West side of Pudding Creek along with all her personal property. (Mathews Co. WB1, pgs. 80-81); ROBERT HALL (?? - ??) who married unknown and had children; THOMAS HALL JR. (Living 1840); and MARY ANN HALL (?? - ??) who married Joseph Gayle.

THE HALL FAMILY
THOMAS HALL'S GRANDFATHER WAS THE IMMIGRANT I. ROBERT HALL (Living 1678) who was a head right of JOHN CALLIS on his 1678 grant at the head of the Beaver Damns adjoining MATTHEW GAYLE. His son was II. ROBERT HALL (?? - 1786-87, Gloucester Co., VA), a master in the Navy during the Revolution, who married ANN JOHNSTON HALL. Both were born in England, and according to family tradition the couple eloped to Virginia. Robert Hall died intestate in the latter part of 1786 or early 1787 leaving children:

III. NANCY "ANN" HALL (9/19/1756 - ??) married in 1776 to PETER GARNETT FOSTER (3/22/1757 - 12/31/1818), Robert Hall's administrator, and had children Richard, Peter Jr., William and Susan R. Foster who married William Foster.
III. ROBERT HALL (9/19/1758 - ??)
III. SPENCER HALL (11/28/1760 - by 1786-87)
III. JOICE HALL (2/17/1763 - 5/10/1847) married MATHIAS GAYLE (1754 - 1794)
III. ELIZABETH "BETSY" JORDAN HALL married (1) RICHARD WILLIAM FOSTER on 10/30/1773 and (2) FRANCIS BROWN (1741 - ??) on 2/9/1777. Children from the second marriage were Robert Brown, Spencer H. Brown Susan who married (Unknown) Oliver, Elizabeth Brown, Frances Brown who married (Unknown) Walden and ANN BROWN who married JOSHUA GAYLE (1782 - ??), her first cousin and son of MATHIAS & JOICE HALL GAYLE.
III. THOMAS HALL (?? - 1840) who married MARY GAYLE, daughter of Thomas Gayle (Above).

NOTE: DOROTHY GAYLE (1753 - 1822) married (1) William Birchmore (1750 - ??) and (2) GEORGE BROWN (1745 - ??) in 1772. A son born to the second marriage was JOSHUA GAYLE BROWN (1773 - ??) who married Elizabeth Foster (10/4/1782 - 1806, daughter of Peter and Ann Hall Foster. Their children were Ann, Caroline, Selina, Polly and Peyton James Brown. Dorothy was a daughter of
JOSIAH GAYLE, SR. (1722 - 1794) and his wife Mary who migrated to South Carolina. Coincidentally, ROBERT GAYLE of the "Four Brothers" had a son named Joisah.
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In 1822 THOMAS HALL purchased 70+ acres on Pudding Creek from JOHN PATTERSON of Poplar Grove where he maintained a shipyard supposedly located on the south side of the home known as Sutherland or Shadecliff off Route 14 south of the Mathews County Courthouse. On 1/18/1826 he purchased another 71 acres on Pudding Creek at a public sale from CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, Trustee for Warner Lewis. [In 1825 Tompkins owned 570 acres bounded by Richard Billups, Thomas Hall, Anthony Hudgins, Miles King, the Main Road, a creek to the River shore and the "Old Church."] Between 1825 and 1834, Hall purchased an additional 86 ½ acres in two tracts: (1) 78 ¼ acres and (2) 8 ¼ acres. BOUNDARIES: A small white oak, a poplar in ATHONY HUDGINS line, a large white gum to said Hudgins and MILES KING to the Main Road, with the creek to a drain between this and C. TOMPKINS, to the Main Road, to the beginning. In 1835, Hall paid tax on 87½ acres on WESTON CREEK on East River adjoining Poplar Grove, purchased from CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, trustee of Warner Lewis.