Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650s - ??) of Gloucester & Spotsylvania Counties, Virginia
Part I ~ Generations I - III
DESCENDANTS OF I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
I. Matthew Gayle (Est. 1650 - Living 1705)
II. Matthew Jr. (Living 1705)
III. Matthew (Est. 1690 - 1779) m. Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779)
IV. Matthew (1727 - 1800) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
V. Josiah (1746 - ??) m. Elizabeth Bartlett
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??) m. Susan White
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Polly (?? - ??)
VI. Sally (?? - ??)
VI. Frankie (?? - ??)
VI. Phoebe (?? - ??)
V. Robert Dudley (1748 - 1815) m. Judith White
VI. Matthew (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??)
VI. Ann (?? - ??)
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI. Another unknown
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt
[Children from marriage 1]
VI. Matthew (1774 - ??) m. Mary E. (Unknown)
VI. William H. (1775/6 - Bef. 1850) m. 1797 Lucy Dillard
VII. John M. (ca. 1796 - 1850) m. Catherine Searls
VIII. Lewis M. (1827 - ??) m. Frances A. Beazley
IX. William E. (1848 - ??)
IX. Mary L. (ca. 1849 - ??) m. Robert L. Atkinson
IX. Virginia F. (1852 - ??)
IX. Stacy Burr (1853 - ??) m. Ann Marie Satterwhite and had children.
IX. Ella (1854 - ??)
IX. John Thomas (1855 - 1900)
IX. Lewis M., Jr. (1857 - ??)
IX. Frank (1858 - ??)
IX. Emma (1860 - ??)
IX. Sally (1876 - ??)
VIII. George W. (1828 - ??) m. Mary E. Acors
IX. Alice A. (1858 - ??) m. Allen Curtis
IX. Nannie (1861 - ??)
IX. Laurie F. (1866 - ??) m. Robert H. Surles
IX. Arabella Lee (1867 - 1880)
IX. Alma James (1869 - 1952) m. Laura Elizabeth Brown
X. Fannie R. (?? - ??)
X. Nettie (?? - ??)
X. Conway William (?? - ??)
X. Boyd W. (?? - ??)
X. Martha (?? - ??)
X. Eliza Mary (?? - ??)
X. Laura E. (?? - ??)
X. Mary L. (?? - ??)
X. Alma James Jr. (?? - ??)
X. Bertha Brown (1885 - ??)
IX. Elvira Josephine (1874 - 1948) m. (Unknown) Gayle
IX. Leonard (Before 1877 - ??)
VIII. Angelina J. (1830 - ??) m. James F. Brooks
VII. Possibly other children
VI. John (1778-1861) m. Melinda Brassfield (1789 - 1864)
VII. Elizabeth (1809-1844) m. George West
VII. John (1811 - 1844) m. Malinda Freeman
VIII. Wellington G. (1840 - ??)
VIII. John (1842 - ??)
VIII. George (Ca. 1836 - ??)
VII. Joanna (1813-1897) m. John Leonard
VII. Malinda (?? - ??) m. John Works
VII. George (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??)
VII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VII. Robert Hardin (1826-1886) m. (1) M. C. Green, (2) Matilda Tandy, (3) Sarah Tandy
VIII. John Leonard (?? - ??) m. Olive Cassidy
VIII. Effie Estelle (?? - ??) m. (1) Joseph Robinson, (2) Frank G. Brandon
VIII. Augusta (?? - ??) m. William E. Davis
VIII. James (1849 - ??) m. Sarah Montgomery
VIII. Mary B. (1856 - ??) m. Fletcher T. Riley
VIII. Bettie (1858 - ??)
VIII. Henry B. (1861 - ??)
VIII. Sarah (?? - ??)
VIII. William (?? - ??)
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VII. James (1825 - 1897) m. "Sallie" Catherine Green
VIII. Lula Ella (1852 - 1917) m. Madison Monroe Riley
VIII. Emma Evelyn (1857 - 1934) m. Benjamin E. Garvey
VIII. D. Howard (1860-1961) m. Jennie Orr
IX. Lucy (?? - ??)
IX. James (?? - ??)
IX. Jennie (?? - ??) married Victor Rhea, Jr.
VIII. Robert H. (1862 - ??) m. Julia Foree
IX. Margaret (?? - ??)
IX. Noah (?? - ??)
IX. Sarah (?? - ??) m. Francis F. Gates
VIII. Junius W. (1865 - 1942) m. (1) Mamie Alexander, (2) Nora Hackett
IX. Mattie Belle (?? - ??) m. Pryor Perry
IX. Unknown daughter
VIII. Walter S. (1866 - 1903) m. Sarah Byrne
IX. Florence (?? - ??) m.Noble Burford
IX. Mary Jane (?? - ??)
VIII. Corinne (1868 - 1936) m. (1) CharlesAlexander, (2) Prince E. Burroughs
VIII. James (1870 - ??) m. Prudence Wilson
VIII. Albert Delong (1875 - ??) m. Alice Wheeler
IX. James (?? - ??)
IX. Sallie (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (1829 - 1917) m. Olive English
VIII. John (?? - ??) m. Pegge (Unknown)
VIII. Ebe (?? - ??) m. Ira Martin VIII. Martha "Mattie" (1856 - ??) m. Dr. J. W. Cornell
VIII. Joanna (1859 - ??) m. Paschal Brock
VIII. English (1863 - 1936)
VIII. Sallie (1868 - 1880)
VIII. Bettie D. (1870 - 1920) m. William Penn Garvey
VIII. Malinda B. (1872 - 1922)
VIII. Susan B. (1874 - ??) m. E. Lawrence Riddle
VIII. Jack/J. G. (2/27/1875 - ??)
VIII. Lindsey (6/17/1880 - 3/17/1899, buried at New Liberty)
VIII. Olive (born & died 1886)
VIII. William or Bill (?? - ??)
VI. Sarah "Sally" Walden (1780 - Aft. 1870) m. George Garrett Freeman (1763 - 1818)
VI. Mary Ellen (Abt. 1784 - ??) m. James F. Kennedy
VI. Nancy (1785 - ??) married (1) Mr. Alexander, (2) Taylor Searcy
VI. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Joanna/Ann (??-??)
VI. Polly (??-??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
*V. John Edwards (1749 - 1825) m. (1) Joanna Walden, (2) Elizabeth Pitt [Children from marriage 2]
VI. Josiah Pitt (1792 - ??) m. Frances Broaddus (1803 - 1874)
VII. Mordecai John, "Mock" (1826-1902) m. Virginia Broaddus
VIII. Josiah P. (1849 - 1889)
VIII. Mordecai Waller (1850 - 1917) m. 1878 (1) Martha S. Shepperd (2) Alice Donna Willson
IX. Mordecai Waller, Jr. (1889-1949) m. Virginia Todd Hamilton
IX. Mary Donna (1891 - ??) m. Judson Aldrich Monroe
IX. Virginia Broaddus (1895 -1898)
IX. Helen Randolph (1898 - ??) m. Thomas Clarence Williams
IX. Alice Willson (1900 -1986) m. Kent B. Johnson
IX. James Dejarnette (1904 - 1981) m. Dorothy E. Askew
VIII. Frances Elizabeth (1850 - 1855) twin of Morecai.
VIII. Lillian Hampton (1852 - 1922) m. Frank Taylor Sutton
VIII. Annie E. (1854 - 1937) m. 1878 Philip H. Coghill
VIII. Virginia (1856 - 1876)
VIII. Seth (1858 - 1924) m. 1892 Attie Miller Broaddus
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frederick Kraggie (1860 - ??) m. Willie Cooke Simmons
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. John Broaddus (1863 - 1930) m. (1) Ada Blanche Nuckols, (2) Florence Ethel Parr
M/1: IX. Virginia Belle (1891 - 1990)
IX. Robert Broaddus Gayle (1895 - 1971)
M/2: IX. Eunice Ethyl (1901 - ??)
IX. Russell Garnett (born & died 1904)
IX. John Moseley (1905 - 1906)
IX. Frances Elizabeth (1909 - ??)
IX. John Broaddus, Jr. (1910 - 1919)
VIII. Josephine Dejarnette (1866 - 1937) m. John Cussons Fletcher
VIII. Ida (born & died 1869)
VIII. Sands (1870 - 1918) m. 1902 Sara Look Boatwright (1879 - 1968)
IX. Unknown children born after 1865
VIII. Frank (1873 - ??)
VIII. Almeda (1875 -1875) Twin of Mark.
VIII. Mark (1875 - 1875) Twin of Almeda.
VII. Roberta (1830 - ??) m. Benjamin Leavell
VII. Elizabeth (1833 - ??) m. John Edward Broaddus
VII. Josiah Pitt, Jr. (1836 - 1905) m. Charlotte Leavelle
VIII. Mary Byrd (?? - ??) m. Frederick Sanford.
VIII. Josiah Pitt III. (?? - ??) m. Sally Ferguson
VIII. Lee Leavelle (1883 - 1961) m. Edith (Unknown)
VIII. Elwood Wright (1886 - 1958) m. Deborah Owen
VII. Margaret Ann (1838 - 1926) m. Francis Corbin Beverly
VII. Thomas Benton (1840 - ??) m. (1) Virginia Martha Sanford, (2) Lilly Bullock
VIII. Frances (born & died 1867)
VIII. John (1868 -1870)
VIII. Maurice Rowe (1870 - 1953) m. Estelle Blanche Landrum
VIII. Thomas Benton, Jr. (1872 -1944) m. Ellen Jane (Nell) Pratt
IX. Thomas Benton III (1899-1965) m. (Unknown)
IX. Robert Lee (1918 - 2006) m. Frances O'Hair & had two sons, Stephen Lee and John.
VIII. Frances Broaddus (1874 - 1962) m. John Hopple Corey
VIII. Agnes Crawford (1876 -1953) m. (1) John Roland Johnston (2) Roger Yeaman.
VII. Almedia Frances (?? - ??) m. Absalom Peyton Rowe
VI. Judith (Ca. 1798 - ??) m. William Chapman
VI. Nancy (Ca. 1802 - ??) m. Lunsford Broaddus
VI. Margaret (Ca. 1810 - 1880) m. 1832 Thomas Burrus
VI. Younger Elliot (1811 - D. young)
VI. Elizabeth Pitt (1809 - ??) m. 1825 Daniel Minor Robertson
VI. Gabriella (?? - ??) m. Richard Long
VI. Sewal (?? - ??) went west
VI. Katherine Minor (1812 - 1898) m. 1832 George Burrus (1809- 1876)
V. Matthew Jr. (1750 - 1812) m. Sarah Penn
VI. John M. (1772 - ??) m. Elizabeth Minor
VI. William Edwards (1795 - ??) m. Elizabeth Davies Walden in 1815
VII. Elizabeth (1817 - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VII. George Walden (1818 - 1901) m. Ann Elizabeth White
VIII. John White (1850 - 1853)
VIII. George Walden Jr. (1853- 1930) m. Mary Conlon
VIII. Martha Jane (1855 - 1906) m. Sebastian R. McIlheny
VIII. Thomas Dudley (1857 - 1928) m. Wilma Ward
VIII. William Drury (1859 - 1939) m. Mary F. Rimerman
VIII. Anna Marie (1861 - 1936)
VIII. James Brady (1864 - ??)
VIII. Daniel Elam (1866 - 1939) m. Laura Lillian Hawthorne
VIII. Robert Talbot (1868 - 1948) m. Emma Wood
VIII. Frank Pettus (1871 - 1943) m. Susan Crissey
VIII. Harry Sisson (1876 - 1898)
VII. Sarahan Dudley (1820 - ??)
VII. Fayetta (1822 - 1823)
VII. Martha Jane (1824 - ??) m. James H. Brady
VII. Thomas (1823 - 1824)
VII. William Wallace (1829 - 1908) m. (Unknown)
VIII. James Oscar (1859 - ??)
VII. Evaline (1826 - 1827)
VII. Robert Carter Porter (1834 - ??)
VI. Matthew (1798 - ??) probably went to Missouri
VII. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VII. John Minor (1801 - 1872) m. Elizabeth Holmes Stewart
VIII. Charles (1823 - ??) m. (1) Martha A. Walden, (2) Isabella, (3) Nancy (Unknown)
From M/1: IX. William H. (1849 - ??)
IX. Stewart W. (1851-1854)
From M/2: IX. Alice (1867 - ??)
IX. Betty (1868 - ??)
IX. Daniel (1869 - ??)
IX. Jenetta (1870 - ??)
IX. Charles Jr. (1875 - ??)
IX. Marshall (?? - ??)
VIII. Benjamin Stewart (1825-1891) m. Lucy L. Campbell
IX. Walter Stewart (1859 - ??) m. (1) Dora Wright, (2) Effie Holsworth
VIII. Richard A. (1828-1887) m. Mary V. Campbell
IX. Henry B. (1853 - 1923) m. Christina Watson
X. Henry W. (1885 - 1902)
IX. Elizabeth (1856 - ??) m. Frank Gillis
IX. John C. (1858-??)
IX. Lucy S. (1860 - ??) m. John D. Lee
IX. Thalia S. (1868 - ??) m. Custis Bridgman
IX. Richard A. (1872 - 1946) m/1 Frances Reynolds; m/2 (Unknown)
VIII. Robert Henry (1847-1920) m. Mary E. Gibbons
IX. William G. (1871-1873)
IX. John W. (1873 - ??)
IX. Annie V. (1877-1881)
IX. Arthur G. (1879-1884)
VIII. George William (1834-1896) m. Rebecca Ann Leffler
IX .Herbert (1863 - ??) m. Saddie E. Tanner
IX. Clarence (1866-1948) m. Emma P. Kavanaugh
IX. Leslie (1870 - ??) m/1 Minnie Dalton, m/2 Sarah?
VIII. Josiah (1841-1933) m. (1) Irene O. Dodge, (2) Mary (Unknown)
VIII. John Minor Jr. (1844-1920) m. Maria M. Wright
IX. Arthur S. (1873 - 1873)
VI. George (?? - ??) m. (1) Sophronia Bohannon, (2) Jean Holloway
VII. Mary Ann (?? - ??) m. Robert Hogg Alves
VII. John (?? - ??)
VII. William (?? - ??) Went to Ohio
VI. Josiah (?? - 1849)
VI. Nancy Ann (?? - ??) m. Brooking Taylor
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. (1) Paul Williams, (2)? Smith
VI. Mary E. (?? - ??) m. Benjamin Stewart
V. Judith (1754 - ??) m. Robert Dudley, Jr.
V. Mary (1767 - 1855) m. Joseph Harrison
V. Ann (?? - ??)
IV. Joseph (1729 - by 1782) m. Rachel (Unknown)
V. John Edwards (1760 - ??)
V. James (Living 1800) m. Lucy Sanders Weston
VI. Joseph C. (?? - ??) m. 1828 Martha Bryan
VII. James (?? - ??)
VII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VI. Reuben S. (?? - 1828)
VI. Six other children unknown
V. Elizabeth C. (?? - ??) m. 1800 James Weston
V. Nancy (?? - ??) m. 1795, William White, KY
IV. John (1734 - ??) m. Sarah White & lived in King and Queen County, VA.
V. Judith (?? - ??) m. (Unknown)
V. Lucy Catherine (?? - ??) m. Thomas Lafon
V. Josiah (Est. 1730s - Bet. 1791-95) m. Sally Conduit
VI. James (?? - ??)
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??)
VI Sally (?? - ??)
VI. John (?? - ??) of Sumterville?
VI. Josiah Jr. (?? - ??)
VI. Robert (1787 - ??) m. Dorcas Barton
VII. Emilene (1817 - ??)
VII. Sarah J. (1819 - ??) m. Thomas Hopkins Tredway
VII. Laure (1822 - ??)
VII. Eliza (1824 - ??)
VII. Josiah (1825 - ??)
VII. Elizabeth (1827 - ??)
VII. Thomas (1830 - ??)
VII. William (1832 - ??)
VI. Mary Craig (1791 - 1851) m. James Isom
VI. Thomas (1793 - ??) m. Mary Ann Greene
VII. William Dudley (1819 -1888) m. (1) Mary Catherine Knox, (2) Katherine Polk.
From M/1: VIII. Mary Knox (1846 -1928) m. Thomas Lawrence Washington
VIII. Anna (1849 - 1849)
VIII. Thomas (1852 - 1852)
From M/2: VIII. Frances Polk (1860 - 1937) m. Frank Whitman Ring
VIII. William Dudley II (1861 - 1921) m. Meta Jackson Orr
VIII. Katherine Polk (1862 - 1889)
VIII. Leonides Polk (1864 - 1890)
VIII. Josephine (1867 - 1876)
VIII. Ethel (1869 - 1870)
VII. Sarah Ann (1821- 1823)
VII. Abner Green (1825 -1909) m. Mary Perkins
VIII. Annie (1855 -1875)
VIII. Thomas (1857 - 1934) m. Anne Sue Thornton
VIII. Jessie (1858 - 1936) m. Marcellus L. Johnson
VIII. Ida (1862 - 1863)
VIII. Jennie (1864 - Aft. 1922)
VII. Edward Richard (1836 - 1916) m. Susan Link Jones
VIII. Thomas (?? - ??)
VIII. Edward Richard II (1885 - ??)
VIII. Rachel Ingram (1886 - 1963)
VII. Eliza Catherine (1838 -1857)
VII. Anna Marie (1841 -1917)
VII. Josiah R. (1842 -1865)
V. George W. (?? - ??) m. Judith E. White
V. John E. (Living 1824)
V. Robert F. (?? - ??) m. Elizabeth Wood
VI. Philadelphia Bohannan (?? - ??)
VI. Mary D. (?? - ??) m. Orman Brown
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Lloyd Hackett
VI. Letha (?? -??) m. Richard Radford
V. William (1755 - 1818) m. (1) Sarah "Sally" Walden, (2) Margaret Pitt
VI. Nancy (?? - ??)
VI. Susannah (?? - ??)
VI. Julia (?? - ??) m. David Elliott
VI. Elizabeth (?? - ??) m. Mr. Smith
VI. Henry (?? - ??)
VI. Robert M. (?? - ??)
VI. Temple E. (?? - ??) m. Mattie Riley
VI. Younger (?? - ??)
VI. Josiah (1790 - 1862) m. Mary Thompson
VII. C. William (1824 - ??) m. Catherine (Unknown)
VII. Samuel T. (1841 - ??) m. Mary E. Hambrick
VII. Rufus J. (1838 - ??)
VII. Lloyd B. (1843 - 1863)
VII. Emeline (1845 - 1929) m. William H. McDonald
VII. Possibly Josiah (?? - ??)
VII. Martha (1847 - ??)
VII. Mary (1850 - 1932)
VII. Susan (?? - ??)
VI .William (Abt. 1794 - 1862) m. Margaret Ann Thompson
VI. John William (1794 - 1859-62) m. Christina Bentley Ballou
VII. Robert Croton (1821 - ??) m. Susan Mary Bradley
VIII. Alma (1855 - ??)
VIII. James T. (1857 - ??)
VIII. Elizabeth C. (1858 - ??) m. Mr. Coleman
VIII. John William (1860 - 1941) m. Annie Macklin
IX. George M. (1888 - 1958)
IX. Genevieve Posey (1885 - 1963)
IX. Mary C. (1891 - ??)
IX. Robert Alexander (1897 - 1954)
IX. Francis Garnett (1897 - 1974)
VIII. Orlando Brown (1862 - 1952) m. Sarah Elizabeth Graves
IX. Joseph Lee (1887 - ??)
IX. Sarah F. (1887 - ??)
VIII. Casper Leland (1865 - ??)
VII. Webster (1823 - ??)
VII. Temple E. (1830 - ??) m. Angela Offut
VII. William B. (1832 - ??) m. Lucinda White
VII. Possibly Henry (?? - ??)
V. Thomas (1779 - 1816) m. Nancy Miller
VI. Margaret (?? - ??) m. Joseph Rosson
VI. Walker (1813 - 1818)
VI. Mary "Polly" (?? - Abt. 1839) m. Winston Vaughan
VI. Catherine (?? - ??) m. Preston Alexander
VI. Robert D. (1814 - 1814)
VI. Catherine (?? - ??)
IV. Joice (1731 - 1772) m. Robert Dudley in 1745.
IV. Elizabeth (1735 - ??) m. Thomas Poole
IV. Sarah E. (1737 - 1799) m. John Deatherage
IV. Judith (1739-1800) m. (1) William Darnaby ca. 1755; m. (2) James Smith
III. Possibly other children
CHILD OF MATTHEW & UNKNOWN GALE
II. MATTHEW JR. (Living 1705)
II. POSSIBLY OTHERS
II. MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. (Est. 1670s - Living 1705) was the son of the immigrant Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. He must have been of age in 1705 as he is shown as
the owner of 250 acres of land in Kingston Parish. It is assumed that he married and it is the opinion of this writer that at least one of his sons was Matthew Gale (Est. 1690s - 1779)
who married Judith Edwards and resided in Gloucester and Spotsylvania Counties.
CHILD OF MATTHEW GAYLE/GALE JR. & UNKNOWN WIFE
III. MATTHEW (Est. 1690s - 1779) married Judith Edwards (1690 - Living 1779).
III. PROBABLY OTHER SIBLINGS
III. MATTHEW GALE (Est. 1690 - 1779) was born in Gloucester at an unknown date to Matthew Gayle and an unknown wife. He married JUDITH EDWARDS and had children. The
family moved from Gloucester to Spotsylvania County about 1733. At some point the -Y- was dropped from the name but records relating to Matthew contain both spellings from time
MATTHEW GALE'S PROPERTY IN GLOUCESTER was surveyed on 5/17/1733 by Robert Perry. This may have been prior to a sale since the family left Gloucester and settled in ST.
GEORGE'S PARISH, SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY, VA where Matthew appears on 4/6/1738 when he witnessed the deed of Thomas and Sarah Benson to Edward Levill/Leavelle of
Drysdale Parish, King and Queen County, for 200 acres in Spotsylvania on branches of the Massaponnax. Other witnesses were George Nix and Martin Trew.
SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY was formed from portions of Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties and became operative as a county in 1721. By 1730 it held two parishes,
St. George's and St. Mark's, the latter becoming Orange County formed in 1734. At that time the land mass contained what are now the counties of Orange, Madison, Culpeper and
Rappahannock. A vast wilderness located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Spotsylvania enjoyed an increase in migration from the Tidewater regions of Virginia during the early to
mid-1700s. To attract settlers to the region, the Virginia General Assembly waved property taxes for three years for those who had established themselves in the area by 1/1/1735.
On 7/11/1740 Matthew Gale purchased 200 acres "in a valley" from John and Sarah Snow of St. Mark's Parish, Orange County. Witnesses were Thomas Jones, John Mallory and
Henry Rogers. The location is noted on 3/24/1742 when John Snow of Louisa County, planter, sold 200 acres in St. Thomas Parish to planter Thomas Ballard of Orange County. The
tract was described as being near the head of Blew Run and boundaries were given as land formerly owned by John Bryson, the "brow of a hill," and "Mathias Gale's corner." [Here is
an instance of the names Matthew and Matthias Gale being interchangeable.] Witnesses were John Allen, George Taylor and Thomas Scott. The following day, 7/12/1740, Matthew
was a witness with John Mallory and Thomas Jones when John Snow sold 206 acres "at John Bryson's line" in St. Mark's Parish to Henry Rodgers. On 10/7/1740 Matthew Gale and
Francis Turnley witnessed the deed of Robert Biscoe of Lancaster County to James Brown of Spotsylvania County for 97 acres granted by patent to Joseph Delanie on 9/28/1728. [In
Orange County in 1741 John Snow served on the jury in the case of Thomas Redd vs. David Gayle. The latter's identity has not been established.]
On 2/29/1743 Matthew's father-in-law, George Poole, died and Matthew witnessed the will along with Sharshall Grasty and Daniel DuVal. He also witnessed the will of William
Holloday of St. George's Parish, dated 12/4/1744 and proved 5/6/1746. Witnesses were William Waller and Henry Rogers. On 7/18/1749 Matthew appears on a list of payables for the
Easternmost (East) River Warehouse in Gloucester County for 185 pounds of tobacco.
In 1758 Matthew witnessed a deed when John Gayle bought 800 acres in Spotsylvania. He was also listed on records of both Orange and King and Queen Counties. Also in 1758
Matthew Gale, John Gale, William Darnaby and Robert Dudley were among the supporters of FIELDING LEWIS (1726 - 1781) who ran for a seat in the House of Burgesses. Fielding's
parents were Colonel John Lewis (1694 - 1754) and his wife Frances Fielding (ca. 1702 - 1731) and his uncle, Robert Lewis (1704 - 1765), was the grandfather of explorer Meriwether
Lewis. Fielding Lewis was born at Warner Hall in Gloucester, VA, home of Augustine Warner. On 10/18/1746 he married his second cousin, Catharine Washington (?? - 2/19/1750),
daughter of John and Catherine Washington, John being the first cousin of President George Washington. After Catharine's death Fielding married George's sister, Betty Washington
(?? - 1797), on 5/7/1750 and had children.
THE THORNTON FAMILY
The Gale, Lewis and Washington families were allied with the Thorntons who arrived in Virginia in 1641 in the person of William Thornton. William acquired land in York County and
served on the vestry of Petsworth Parish. He and his sons later patented lands in what is now Stafford, King George, Orange and Spotsylvania Counties, including the town of
I. WILLIAM THORNTON III (1627, Scarborough, Yorkshire - 1708, Stafford Co., VA) arrived in Virginia in 1641, settled in York County and married (1) Eliza Belling and (2) Elizabeth
Rowland. In 1677 he was a vestryman of Petsworth Parish and operated the ship Mary Jane, trading between the Americas and the West Indies.
II. FRANCIS THORNTON I (11/5/1651, Fall Hill, Stafford Co. - 1726) of St. Mark's Parish, Caroline County, married on 4/13/1673 to (1) Alice Savage (1653, Gloucester Co., VA. - 1695,
King George Co., VA.), (2) Jane Harvey, and (3) widow Ann Riding. Francis was a merchant and had eight children by his first wife who were named in his will, dated 5/10/1726 and
proved 10/7/1726. They were Elizabeth; Margaret; Anne; Anthony; William T.; Sarah (12/17/1680 - ??) who married Lawrence Taliaferro in 1706; FRANCIS II (1/4/1682 - 2/6/1737) who
married Mary Catlett Taliaferro (1686 - 1774); and Rowland (8/1/1685 - ??) who married Elizabeth Catlett.
III. FRANCIS THORNTON II (1/4/1682 - 2/6/1738) married MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO (1686, Powhatan Plantation, Essex, Co. - ??) in 1703 in St. Mark's Parish, Spotsylvania,
Virginia, and had eight children. They resided in St. Mary's Parish, Essex County, where in May of 1719 they conveyed 300 acres in the fork of Snow Creek to Augustine Smith and
John Taliaferro for a glebe.
CHILDREN OF FRANCIS & MARY CATLETT TALIAFERRO THORNTON
IV. JOHN THORNTON (?? - 3/11/1779) married Mildred Gregory and had four daughters. Mildred married Samuel Washington; Mary married Gen. Woodford; Elizabeth (1742-43 - ??)
married John Taliaferro; and Lucy married John Lewis, only son of Col. Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington.
IV. FRANCIS THORNTON III (4/7/1714 - 4/7/1749, Fall Hill Spotsylvania, age 38) married Mary Frances Gregory (Ca. 1720 - 1/22/1790, Fall Hill, Spotsylvania Co.) on 9/3/1736 and had
six children. Francis IV married Ann Thompson; George married Mary Alexander; William married Mary Stuart, John married Jane Washington, Mildred married Charles Washington
and Mary married (1) William Champe, and (2) Churchill Jones.
IV. REUBEN THORNTON (1717 - 1768) of Drysdale Parish, Caroline County, married Elizabeth Gregory, daughter of Roger and Mildred Washington Gregory, but had no children. His
will of 1768 made bequests to his nieces Mary Woodford, Lucy Gilmer, Mildred Washington and his nephews, James Taylor, Richard Buckner, and Thornton Washington, the son of
Samuel Washington and the nephew of George Washington. William Woodford was named one of the executors and witnesses were WILLIAM BUCKNER, ANTHONY THORNTON,
GEORGE TODD, and MATTHEW GALE.
IV. ELIZABETH MARY (1718-22 - 1757) married THOMAS MERIWETHER in 1735.
IV. ALICE (?? - 11/19/1762); married LAWRENCE CATLETT
IV. MARY (1706 - 1757) married NICHOLAS BATTALIE
IV. SARAH (Abt. 1708 - ??) married (1) CHARLES TALIAFERRO and (2) THOMAS SLAUGHTER.
IV. WILLIAM #2 (?? - ??)
Bacon's Castle, Surrey County, VA (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1994)
Matthew's name was spelled G-A-Y-L-E on his grant, a copy of which is held by the
Virginia State Library. It is the opinion of this writer that Matthew was a son of ROBERT
GALE of Acomb Grange (ca. 1585 - 1656) whose children included JOHN GALE THE
ELDER (1615 - 1680) of Whitehaven, Cumberland,George (?? - ??), Robert (?? - ??),
Matthew (?? - ??), and Mary (?? -??). Please note that descendants spelled the name both
Gale and Gayle. In his history of the town of Whitehaven Daniel Hay stated, "...it is
difficult to do much research on Virginia history without coming back to the Gale family
and in 1733 Ambrose Grayson, and Alice, his wife, conveyed to Matthew Gale of
Gloucester County, Virginia, 300 acres in St. George's Parish." [Spotsylvania County] This
reference is particularly meaningful since Ambrose was the son of William and Mary Gale
Grayson of Whitehaven and the nephew of GEORGE GALE of Whitehaven and Somerset
County, Maryland, one of the grandsons of John Gale, the Elder.
Kingston Parish Church, Mathews, VA
On 1/19/1677 a number of Bacon's leaders were captured by Morris' troops who delivered
about 16 of them to Governor Berkeley. On January 24th a trial was held among the burned
ruins of Jamestown and James Crews, John Digby, William Rookins, Colonel William West
and John Turner, Bacon's Southside leaders, were condemned to death. Crews and Digby
were hanged and Rookins died in prison, but West and Turner escaped. Twenty-one other
men from a variety of Virginia counties were hanged and others banished from the country,
stripped of their rights of citizenship and heavily fined.
Matthew Gayle/Gale is presumed to have survived since there is no record of his being
jailed or hung. It is possible that he fled to England following the rebellion and returned to
Virginia when he appeared again in 1678 as one of the headrights on the 140 acre grant to
JOHN WATERS bounded by William Elliott and adjoining Coll. Dudley and Richard
A second grant to Waters followed on 5/1/1679 for 500 acres adjoining "his former
dividend & Coll. Dudley, Law: Perrott, Charles Jones, Coll: Kemp, William Elliott, to Richard
Longest … Headrights listed were Jonas Vernay, John Morgan, FRA. JARVIS, ANN
JARVIS, MATH. GALE, MARGT. GALE, ELIZ. GALE." (Mason) Ann Jarvis is said to have
been Ann Gale, who married Francis Jarvis. [SEE GEORGE GALE OF MARYLAND]
Matthew Gale wrote his will on 1/12/1772. Witnesses were Robert Dudley, James Smith, George Todd and Ambrose Dudley. Legatees were wife Judith Gale; Mathew Gale, Jr.; Joseph
Gale and wife, Rachel; Sarah Edwards Deatherage; and John Edwards Gale, son of Joseph Gale. The will stipulated that Elizabeth Pool's share be kept free from all debts due from her
husband, Thomas Pool, in order to support herself and her children. Matthew left his real and personal property, including his plantation, to his wife Judith during her lifetime and
then to his son, Matt, Jr. He left his son Joseph the plantation where his daughter lived and stipulated that following his wife's death his remaining estate be divided among his
children. Matthew had died by 2/18/1779 when his executor's bond was dated and filed.
Judith Gale was alive on 2/18/1779 when the following notation was recorded. "Whereas, my husband, Matthew Gale, Dec'd., did by his last will and testament dated Jany. 12, 1772,
lend me all his estate, real and personal, during my natural life, and since the same did make unto my son, Joseph Gale, as his the sd. Matthew's Estate, both real and persona..." The
document was signed by Judith Gale and William Wood was named as a witness.
The Thornton home known as Fall Hill on the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg was home to
Col. Francis Thornton III and his wife Frances Gregory, daughter of Mildred Washoington Gregory,
aunt and Godmother of George Washington. . On the road to the property lies a circular indentation in
the rock known as Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl or the Indian Punch Bowl, carved in the stone by
local Indians and said to be the spot where they brewed poison for the tips of their arrows. Thornton
cleaned it out and used it to serve punch during his riverside parties. The date, 1720, and some of the
initials of his friends were carved around the bowl and are still visible (2010).
Francis Thornton's Punch Bowl (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1995)
Fall Hill, home of Francis Thornton III
GRANT OF MATTHEW GAYLE & RELATED GRANTS & PROPERTIES
THE FOLLOWING TIMELINE showing Gayle family and related properties was constructed to show relationships between the family of Matthew Gayle, the immigrant, and other
Gayle families in Kingston Parish. [SEE GAYLE BROTHERS OF KINGSTON PARISH, PART I] It should be noted that this list is not indicative of all property owned by each
WILLIAM HAMPTON'S GRANT: 3/25/1651:
700 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, on the east side of East River on the south side of a creek. William Hampton Jr. was granted 42 acres next to his father on
10/28/1697 adjoining land formerly owned by ROBERT CULLY, whose family intermarried with the Gayles.
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #1: 6/29/1651:
613 acres on Pudden (sic) Creek (See Grant #2 below).
THOMAS TODD'S GRANT: 10/27/1652:
150 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River between Mr. Hampton and Philip Hunley.
WILLIAM HOULDER'S GRANT: Originally granted THOMAS TODD on 10/15/1653:
600 acres on the west side of East River in Mockjack (sic) Bay beginning at Chestnut Creek.
JOHN HAMPTON'S GRANT: 7/14/1655:
150 acres "beginning at the head of the beaver dams between Garden Creek and the Eastermost River, assigned from Lt. Coll. Walker."
JOHN MANN'S GRANT: 11/20/1661:
600 acres on the east side of the Eastermost River at Chestnut Creek adjoining WM. HOLDEN (sic). On 12/22/1682 a tract of 63 ½ acres on the east side of East River, once part of
MR. MANN'S land, was granted to ROBERT & RALPH ARMISTEAD CULLY.
PHILIP HUNLEY'S GRANT #2: 8/19/1672:
460 acres beginning at Philip Hunley's landing place on Pudding Creek adjoining RICHARD LONG & MARK FOSTER, who was granted 100 acres on 6/6/1654 located at the head
of Pudden Creek. [CALEB HUNLEY (Abt. 1735 - 1797), grandson of Philip and Anne Pettus Hunley, was the son of James and Mary Morgan Hunley. Caleb married Elizabeth Smith
and appeared next to WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS on the 1790 census. Caleb's brother, James Hunley, married Mary Morgan. His sister, Mary Hunley (1742 - 1772), was
the first wife of Houlder Hudgins. Both the families of Caleb Hunley and Houlder Hudgins were neighors of Captain Robert Gayle (1745 - 1783).
MATTHEW GAYLE'S GRANT: 10/8/1672:
284 acres in Kingston Parish along the back line of Philip Hunley. Headrights were William Blake, James Paine, Mary Bullock, Thomas Harwood, Anne Herdford and John Arthur.
See the John Degge grant below.
ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #1: 1/6/1673:
150 acres between Garden Creek and East River at the head of the "dammes". Granted Jon. Hampton, 1655, deserted, then to Charles Hill 1658, then to Major Thomas Collis (sic)
ROBERT BEVERLEY'S GRANT #2: 150 acres on the south side of Garden Creek, former grant to Ed. Lucas, deserted and granted to Charles Hill, never seated, since granted to
Beverley. [EDWARD LUCAS: 1655: Southwest side of Garden Creek - "Lucas his neck."]
JOHN CALLIS' GRANT: 9/26/1678:
620 acres at the "head of the beaver damms adjoining MATTHEW GAYLE."
JOHN DEGGES GRANT: 9/26/1678:
1800 acres: A "Track of land & BEAVER DAMS… lying twixt and bounded round" with the lands of SMITHERS, ISAAC FOSTER, WM. SMITH, PETER STERLING, MR.
HAMPTON, MATTHEW GAYLE to the head of Sandy Branch and including 150 acres known as Lucas's Neck and granted to ROBERT BEVERLY in 1673. The Degge patent
mentions "Mathews (sic) Gayles Corner Chesnutt tree at ye head of beaver dams," and the patent appears to run from current day Beaverlett to Winter Harbor. The dams were the
headwaters of Garden Creek and Beaverlett, located between Garden Creek and East River, is just slightly northwest of property known as Poplar Grove.] In 1683 a re-survey of
1425 acres of Degge's land noted that the tract was adjacent to MATTHEW GAYLE, JOHN GARNETT, and MR. HAMPTON. Later the property was divided among family
MATTHEW GAYLE, an immigrant from England, received a grant of 284 acres in Kingston Parish in Gloucester County, Virginia, on 10/8/1672. Formed from neighboring York
County, Gloucester contained four parishes, Abingdon, Petsworth, Ware and Kingston. In 1791 a number of the Gayles, along with other county residents, sucessfully petitioned to
have a new county formed from Kingston and a portion of Ware Parish. Consequently, all references after that year refer to Mathews County.
1770s: JOSEPH DIGGS JR. (1759 - ABT. 1822), son of Dr. Joseph Digges Sr. & Anne Atwood Diggs of Fair Oaks on the Mathews side of East River, married (1) Sarah Beverley and
(2) JANE TOMPKINS (Abt. 1775 - 1845), daughter of WILLIAM & ANN TOMPKINS. Jane's brother was William Tompkins Jr. who received a portion of his father's land near the
line of William Hudgins and later sold it to John Patterson. [NOTE: The reference to Ann Tompkins is intriguing. In May of 1754 the will of Gawton Hunt, of Northampton County,
was witnessed by Anne Tompkins, Josiah and Mary Gayle, and Mary Ash. The will of Mrs. Anne Tompkins of Hungars Parish, dated 8/20/1783 and proved 2/10/1789 in
Northampton County, named her sons John and Bennet Tompkins, grandson John Wilson of Somerset County, Peggy Custis Tompkins and Anne (sic) Kendall Tompkins
(daughters of son John Tompkins). It also mentioned a portrait she owned of John Custis, Esq. These individuals were allied with the Gale families of Somerset County, MD.]
9/11/1770: JOHN GAYLE (EST. 1720-30 - 1790), SON OF JOSEPH GAYLE: 341 acres on East River acquired by JOHN GAYLE and JOHN DAVIS, formerly property of CALEB
HUNLEY (Abt. 1735 - 1797). BOUNDARIES: Mouth of Pudding Creek -- marked pine in JNO. GAYLE'S CORNFIELD -- marked beech -- a corner white oak of this land & JOSHUA
GAYLE'S ESTATE -- another white oak corner of this land -- Joshua Gayle's estate & JARVIS PEED -- a large marked pine near the EAST RIVER. The acreage was listed in
1782, 1784 and 1787: listed as 122 acres, 124 acres, and 205 acres, respectively. Between 1788 and 1790, LEAVEN GAYLE (1763 - 1827), John's son, inherited 205 acres shown in 1794
as 124 acres. On 12/18/1794, LEAVEN GAYLE sold 123 acres to Richard Billups. [A neighboring property was owned by WALTER & SARAH GAYLE JAMES of Lancaster County
who married on 5/17/1767.]
11/27/1773: CAPTAIN ROBERT GAYLE (1745 - 1782): 88 acres purchased in two parcels from WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS and next to Caleb Hunley. BOUNDARIES: (1)
40 acres: WILLIAM & ANN TOMKINS to ROBERT GAYLE beginning at a corner holly standing in THOMAS GAYLE'S line to a corner point in WILLIAM HUGINS (sic) line to a
corner maple in JAMES HUNLEY'S line to a corner point in Thomas Gayle's line and from there to the beginning place. (2) 48 acres: Beginning at a corner point in WILLIAM
HUDGINS line to a white oak, E to a white oak in JOHN PARSON'S corner to the Bever (sic) dam and then to Thomas Gayle's corner to the corner holly to the beginning place.
[JOHN GALE paid 70 cents to record the deed. Could he have been a father or brother ?]
1774-75: JOSHUA GAYLE (Bef. 1765) & MATTHEW/MATTHIAS GAYLE (ABT. 1754 - 1794): Listed as two white males in a household with 13 slaves.
1782: JOSHUA & HUNLEY GAYLE acquired 84 acres and 259+ acres of land on the North River in Chapel Neck, six miles southwest of the courthouse. [A majority portion of 287
acres known as Edgewater].
1783: ROBERT GAYLE'S ESTATE: 135 acres. Neighbors/1790 Census: WILLIAM & ANN HALL TOMPKINS; JAMES & MARY MORGAN HUNLEY and HOULDER HUDGINS I
(1738 - 1815) & WIFE MARY HUNLEY HUDGINS. [A later survey of 37 acres listed boundaries: A, Red oak stump & holly tree -- B, corner in DEGGS & GAYLE'S line -- C, corner
GAYLE & HUNDLEY line - D, corner on an Old Ditch in HUNDLEY'S line -- E, corner on ditch bank in WILLIAM HALL'S line to the beginning - -dividing line between WM.
TOMKINS & ANN DIAH (sic).]
1787 - 1794: JOSHUA & MATT GAYLE: Shown with 84 acres of land. Matthias Gayle died in 1794 and Joshua appears alone with 84 acres of land.
11/13/1797: JOSEPH DIGGS JR. (1759 - Abt. 1822) & JANE TOMPKINS DIGGS (Abt. 1765 - 1845): Acquired 25 acres on East River in a"friendly" chancery suit against WILLIAM B.
TOMPKINS & ANN DYER, an infant under the age of 21, defendants, for 22 acres formerly owned by William Tompkins Sr. and his sons JOHN & WILLIAM TOMPKINS.
BOUNDARIES: JOHN B. HUNLEY on the East and WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS on the West. On 1/16/1808 Joseph & Jane Tompkins Diggs sold 22 acres of this land to JOHN
PATTERSON adjoining JOHN B. HUNLEY on the east and WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS on the west. (Indenture of Joseph Degges & Jane to John Patterson, 25 acres, 1/1/6/1808,
Christopher Tompkins' Papers, Mss1T5996c32, Virginia Historical Society)
11/13/1797: 53 acres descended to WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS & ANN DYER as legatees of WILLIAM & JOHN TOMPKINS, deceased, under a "friendly" chancery suit between
JOSEPH DIGGS and his wife JANE TOMKINS DIGGS, & WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS & ANN DIER, who was then an infant. On 1/16/1808 the same 53 acres was sold by WILLIAM
B. & MARY TOMPKINS & NANCY DYER to JOHN PATTERSON. BOUNDARIES: On the south by a creek leading to JOHN B. HUNLEY'S LANDING, on the north by the MAIN
ROAD & THOMAS HALL'S LAND, on the east by the land Patterson purchased from Joseph & Jane Degges (sic), and on the west by land purchased by Patterson from JOHN
GAYLE. Witnesses included MATTHIAS GAYLE, AELIN (sic) SHIELDS, ROBT. B. ______, FRANCIS ARMISTEAD, WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS, MARY TOMPKINS, ANN DYER.
(Indenture of William B. Tompkins & wife Mary to John Patterson, 53 acres, 1/16/1808, Christopher Tompkins' Papers, Mss1T5996C33, Virginia Historical Society).
1800: 53 acres apportioned as follows: 14 acres owned by ANN DIER, 23 acres owned by WILLIAM TOMPKINS, and 16 acres owned by JOSEPH DIGGS: BOUNDARIES:
Beginning at a corner in JOS. & H. GAYLE, to a corner in JNO. GAYLE, to a corner in said line near GAYLE'S DWELLING HOUSE, by the SHIP YARD to the CREEK, to JNO. & JAS.
HUNDLEY, to a corner white gum on the MAIN ROAD and along the road to the beginning.
Ca. 1800: 37 acres apportioned as follows: 21 acres owned by WILLIAM TOMPKINS, 8 acres owned by ANN DIER, and 8 acres owned by JOSEPH DEGGS: BOUNDARIES:
Beginning at a red oak stump & holly tree, to a corner in DEGGS & GAYLES line, to a corner in GAYLE & HUNDLEY, to a corner on an old ditch in HUNDLEY'S LINE, to a corner on
a ditch bank in THOMAS HALL'S line, to the beginning. (Tompkins Family Papers, C. Billups survey, Plat of Anne Dier, Wm. Tompkins & Joseph Diggs, ca. 1800, Mss1T5996
c57-58, Virginia Historical Society)
4/1/1805: MATTHEW GAYLE'S COMMISSIONERS & DISTRIBUTEES [PETER FOSTER, JR., RICHARD BROWN, GEORGE BROWN, JOSHUA GAYLE BROWN, JOSHUA GAYLE,
SR., HUNLEY GAYLE, JOSHUA GAYLE, JR. (1782 - 1818) and NANCY GAYLE, the last two being children and distributes of Matthew/Matthias Gayle, deceased] sold three parcels
of land "of which Matthew Gayle died seized …" to JOHN PATTERSON. BOUNDARIES: (1) One moiety: Point of land called the SLAVE LAND at the head of WAREHOUSE
CREEK where the DWELLLING HOUSE STANDS, lying to the southward of the MAIN COUNTY ROAD leading to Point Comfort. (2) 4 ¾ acres east of the main road & bounded
by a corner mulberry on the MAIN ROAD IN JOSEPH GAYLES LINE near his gate to GAYLES CORNER on the land of JOSHUA & MATTHEW GAYLE of which this piece is part;
a corner in the land purchased by PATTERSON of JOSHUA & HUNLEY GAYLE, a corner on the MAIN ROAD and along the said road to the beginning. (3) 1 ¾ acres at a corner in
JOSEPH GAYLE'S LINE along the line to an agreed corner between PATTERSON & WILLIAM RESPESS. Respess purchased the balance of the tract extending 20' to the North side
of Pattersons Ditch, running parallel with the ditch to the corner intersecting a line dividing the land in the swamp between the land purchased from JOSHUA & HUNLEY GAYLE
by PATTERSON and that part of the land belonging to MATTHEW GAYLE, deceased. [In 1811 JOHN RESPESS, son of RICHARD RESPESS SR. (?? - 1806) and his wife LUCY
GAYLE, sold 1 ½ acres of land extending from the creek to the main road to JOHN PATTERSON. [Richard Respess married Lucy Gayle in 1756, had at least four children and lived
on the property, which is the site of Tompkins Cottage.]
5/2/1805: WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS JR. sold 4 acres to JOHN PATTERSON, part of a tract formerly owned by William Tompkins, Sr., deceased. Witnesses were FRANCIS
ARMISTEAD, JAMES BOOKER, & WILL WHITE. BOUNDARIES: north by the MAIN ROAD, east by WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS, south by ANN/NANCY DYER/DIER'S land, west
by GAYLE'S land, beginning at a corner red oak stump in JOSHUA & MATT GAYLE'S line, south to east on the main road and corner at the road southeast to a corner on the side
of the main road in GAYLE & TOMPKINS line near THOMAS HALLS and running in a direction with the dividing line between THOMAS HALL & HUNLEY GAYLE to a marked
corner on TOMPKIN'S ditch to intersect the one between JOHN GAYLE'S & TOMPKINS land.
6/11/1805: JOHN GAYLE & FRANCES, HIS WIFE, & JOSIAH GAYLE, the "ONLY SONS OF ROBERT GAYLE, DECEASED," sold 54 acres to JOHN PATTERSON, "whereon the
said Robert Gayle deceased resided, "of which was given by the said Robert to his said son John by his last will & Testament duly published & recorded in the worshipful Court of
Gloster County and by a survey made in March 1804 by Christopher Billups…" The boundaries of the property are the same as in the survey conducted when Robert received his
land in 1773. The deed was witnessed by Wm. White, Francis Armistead and John ______. BOUNDARIES: [Same as in the survey conducted when Robert received his land in
1774]: A -- corner on the creek in JOSEPH DEGGE'S line at the SHIPYARD -- to B, a corner sycamore stump (now not seen) on JOSEPH DEGGES & NANCY DYER'S LINES, to C, a
corner in the said NANCY DYER'S LINE, to D, a corner on the lines of JOSHUA & MATT GAYLE & WILLIAM TOMPKINS, "called in an old survey the Red Oak Stump, but not to
be seen at this day," thence running on the said JOSHUA & MATT GAYLE'S LINE down the branch to a pine stump near the stave (sic) landing upon the head of the creek
commonly called the WAREHOUSE CREEK so noted in old surveys of these lands, thence down the Warehouse Creek & up the creek commonly called HUNLEY'S CREEK
agreably (sic) to their several meanders & with the shore of EAST RIVER between the mouths of said creeks to the beginning place…" (Tompkins Family Papers, Deeds,
MssIT5996c28-37, Virginia Historical Society) -- [In 1811 - 1814 the Mathews County land tax records listed Josiah and John with 69 1/2 acres of land on the East River. They were
also listed in 1817 but no acreage was given.]
1/16/1808: JOSEPH & JANE TOMPKINS DIGGS sold 22 acres of this land to JOHN PATTERSON (land adjoining that of JOHN B. HUNLEY on the E, land of WILLIAM TOMPKINS
on the W and allotted to Degges in right of his wife, JANE TOMPKINS DEGGS. -- (Indenture of Joseph Degges & Jane to John Patterson, 25 acres, Christopher Tompkins' Papers,
Mss1T5996c32, Virginia Historical Society) Land apportioned as follows: 14 acres - ANN DIER, 23 acres - WILLIAM TOMPKINS, 16 acres - JOSEPH DIGGS. BOUNDARIES: A
corner in JOS. & H. GAYLE -- to a corner in JNO. GAYLE -- to a corner in said line near GAYLE'S DWELLING HOUSE, running east by the SHIP YARD to the CREEK and
meandering east to JNO. & JAS. HUNDLEY to a corner white gum on the MAIN ROAD and along the road to the beginning.
1/16/1808: WILLIAM B. & MARY TOMPKINS & NANCY DYER: Sold 53 acres to JOHN PATTERSON. BOUNDARIES: SOUTH/a creek leading to JOHN B. HUNLEY'S LANDING,
NORTH/ MAIN ROAD & THOMAS HALL'S LAND, EAST/PATTERSON'S land purchased from JOSEPH & JANE DIGGS, W/PATTERSON'S land purchased from JOHN GAYLE.
[Witnesses included MATTHIAS GAYLE, AELIN (sic) SHIELDS, ROBT. B. ______, FRANCIS ARMISTEAD, WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS, MARY TOMPKINS, ANN DYER.
(Indenture of William B. Tompkins & wife Mary to John Patterson, 53 acres, 1/16/1808, Christopher Tompkins' Papers, Mss1T5996C33, Virginia Historical Society).
1808: JOSEPH & JANE DEGGES sell 22 acres to JOHN PATTERSON, land adjoining that of JOHN B. HUNLEY on the E, land of WILLIAM TOMPKINS on the W and allotted to
Degges in right of his wife, JANE TOMPKINS DEGGS.
1811 - 1814: JOHN & JOSIAH GAYLE appear in the Mathews County land tax records with 69 1/2 acres of land on the East River. They were also listed in 1817 but no acreage was
5/21/1821: MRS. WHITE sold to BARTLETT WHITE 4 2/3 acres. BOUNDARIES: Beginning at a corner to ROBERT WESTON'S land to ROBERT GAYLE'S land to a marked pine, to
a marked chestnut, to a marked red oak, to a corner gum to Hawkins' line to a sassafras stump, to Hawkins corner to a stake, to MRS. WHITE'S LAND and a ditch bank.
1822: HENRY & ELIZABETH DEGGES sold 100 acres of the GLEBE LAND to JOHN PATTERSON: BOUNDARIES: Beginning at an old sassafras stump running into the woods …
to a new made corner between this and Patterson's land
1822: THOMAS HALL (?? - 1840): Purchased 70+ acres on Pudding Creek from JOHN PATTERSON of Poplar Grove. The oldest portion is located across Route 14 from Sutherland,
back towards Beaverlett. Hall maintained a shipyard that may have been located on the left side of Sutherland when the water depth was about 20'.
1/18/1826: THOMAS HALL purchased 71 acres on Pudding Creek at a public sale from CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, Trustee for Warner Lewis. [In 1825 Tompkins owned 570 acres
bounded by Richard Billups, Thomas Hall, Anthony Hudgins, Miles King, the Main Road, a creek to the River shore and the "Old Church."]
1825 - 1834: THOMAS HALL purchased 86 ½ acres in two tracts: (1) 78 ¼ acres and (2) 8 ¼ acres. BOUNDARIES: A small white oak -- a poplar in ATHONY HUDGINS line -- a large
white gum to said Hudgins and MILES KING -- to the Main Road, with the creek to a drain between this and C. TOMPKINS, to the Main Road, to the beginning.
1827: ROBERT GAYLE, JR. recorded a deed from Thomas Hudgins, Sheriff, conveying THOMAS GAYLE'S interest in the land of ELIZABETH GAYLE.
1829 - 1839: ROBERT GAYLE JR (1769 - 1839, Son of Captain Robert Gayle): Property on East River, six miles south of the Courthouse. In 1829 "POLLY" GAYLE and JOHN GAYLE
appeared in the Mathews County Fee Book recording a "deed from ROBERT GAYLE to you." [This would have been Robert Jr.'s wife Paulina Gayle.]
1832: ROBERT GAYLE'S ESTATE was listed as 29 ½ acres.
1835: THOMAS HALL paid tax on 87½ acres on WESTON CREEK on East River, adjoining Poplar Grove, purchased from CHRISTOPHER TOMPKINS, trustee of Warner Lewis.
1838: JOSEPH R. GAYLE (CA. 1810 - LIVING 1862) purchased 8 ¼ acres on East River from THOMAS HALL, his father-in-law. A building valued at $200.00, probably the home
known as Sutherland or Shadecliff, was shown on the plat, valued in 1840 at $900.00. (LB1/242; LB1/139).
1839 to 1850: ROBERT GAYLE'S ESTATE was listed as 29 ½ acres and 25 ¼ acres respectively on East River, 6 miles south of Mathews Courthouse.
1840: THOMAS HALL: Owned tracts of 52 ½ acres; 4 acres; 16 ¾ acres; and 78 ¼ acres, all located three miles south of the Courthouse. He also owned 43 ¼ acres two miles west of
1840s: JOSEPH GAYLE purchased 49.61 acres on Garden Creek from "RO. GAYLE." [Probably Robert Gayle, Jr.]
1841: THOMAS HALL'S land on East River was divided among his children: THOMAS HALL, JR., 36 acres; ROBERT HALL'S ORPHANS, 24 acres; JOHN W. HALL, 26 acres;
son-in-law JOSEPH R. GAYLE, 8 ¼ acres + 34 acres; son-in-law WILLIAM HURST, 100 acres + 27 acres sold to JOSEPH R. GAYLE in 1842 as 27 ½ acres. He later was deeded 27 ½
acres from William Hurst, also hiered of Thomas Hall.
1843: JOSPEH GAYLE sold 70.18 acres to THOMAS WESTON, including Sutherland.
1843: R. GAYLE [probably Robert Johnson (1828 - 1917), son of Robert and Paulina James White Gayle] sold property to WILLIAM DIGGS, surveyed in 1843. Associated names
were Zelotes Gayle, John Peed, John Sibley, J. White, and Armistead Davis. (Mathews County Land Book 1, plat #400)
1844: JOSEPH & MARY GAYLE: Sued as administrators of the estate of THOMAS HALL, deceased, by WILLIAM & SARAH HURST; Thomas and Sarah Hall and infants Thomas
Hall and John Hall.
1845: JOSEPH GAYLE transferred 28 ¾ acres on Garden Creek to HUNLEY HUDGINS and 18.9 acres to SHEPARD G. MILLER (1809 - 1868) who owned the property known as
Palace Green on East River, deeded in 1842 to Francis Armistead (1809-1896).
1850: PAULINA GAYLE, widow of ROBERT GAYLE, owned 25 ¼ acres on East River 6 miles south of the Mathews Courthouse. Between 1861 to 1868 Paulina's property decreased
through sale to 5 ¼ acres.
I. MATTHEW GAYLE (Est. 1650s - Living 1705) was born in England to unknown parents around 1650 based on the time of his 1672 grant. He married (UNKNOWN) and had at
least one son, Matthew Gayle, Jr., since between 1702 and 1705 "Capt. Gayle" appears in records of Kingston Parish [present day Mathews County, VA] with 164 acres of land and
"Matthew Gayle, Jr." appears with 250 acres.
MATTHEW GAYLE & BACON'S REBELLION
In 1676 Virginia planters were suffering from Indian raids, political corruption, excessive taxes, and loss of representative government in England. Complaints to Governor William
Berkeley met with no success. In response Nathaniel Bacon the Younger recruited a force of 700 horsemen and 600 foot soldiers to stop the raids, unite the colonists against
taxation, and improve representative government for Virginia. He established his headquarters at Warner Hall in Gloucester County, owned by Augustine Warner, Speaker of the
House of Burgesses, whose daughter, Mildred Warner Washington, later married Colonel George Gale Somerset County, Maryland, who was probably one of Matthew's relatives. \
Matthew served as one of Bacon's captains and was named in a petition by the citizens of Gloucester who were protesting the manner in which Bacon's officers impressed men and
horses for the rebellion. Advised of their discontent and assured of their support against Bacon, Governor Berkeley traveled to Gloucester and on 7/18/1676 was presented with a
petition complaining of the conduct of some of Bacon's officers, including Matthew Gale, one of Bacon's chief commanders. They claimed that Matthew Gale, a Captain under
Nathaniel Bacon, threatened "Coll. Matthew Kemp, Commander of all the horse in this County," with a gun. Gale had promised to "goe to his General Bacon and, in a very short
time returne with an hundred horse, and ruin the County." (Stanard)
Under Bacon's leadership parties of militiamen plundered the countryside, raiding and burning Jamestown and several Virginia plantations. His troops soon secured possession of
the entire Virginia colony with the exception of the Eastern Shore where Berkley fled, receiving sanctuary at the Custis home, Arlington Plantation, in Northampton County. In
Surry County Bacon's troops seized and occupied the plantation owned by Berkeley supporter Arthur Allen II on 9/17/1676. Located on James River and known as Allen's Brick
House and later as Bacon's Castle, the plantation was occupied by Bacon's troops until 12/27/1676 when British marines from the ship Young Prince, commanded by Admiral
Robert Morris, drove them from the house.
CHILDREN OF MATTHEW AND JUDITH EDWARDS GALE
IV. MATTHEW (1727 - by 1800) married Mary E. (Unknown) and had six children.
IV. JOSEPH (1729 - by 1792) married Rachel (Unknown) and had children.
IV. JOHN (1730-34 - ??) married Sarah White and had children. They were living in King and Queen County, VA in 1765.
IV. JOICE (1731 - 1772) married on 2/1745 to ROBERT DUDLEY (1726-1766, will 12/27/1766), son of Edward Dudley of Fredericksburg, VA. They were married in Spotsylvania County
where they made their home and had six children including Robert Dudley, Jr. (?? - ??) who married his cousin Judith Gale, daughter of Matthew and Mary E. Gale; Peter #1 (?? - ??) who
died in infancy; Peter #2 (?? - ??); James (1754 - ca. 1808); William (?? - ??); Joyce (?? - ??)who married Aaron Quinsberry; and Ambrose (8/31/1750, Fredericksburg - 1/27/1825, Lexington,
KY.) who married Ann Parker at Christ Church, Middlesex County, VA on 2/26/1773 and became a Baptist preacher at Bryan's Station in Kentucky. Robert Dudley's will stated he was of
St. George's Parish and named his wife Joice and son Robert Dudley, Jr. Witnesses were Reuben Thornton, Thomas Poole and Matthew Gale, Jr. Executors were his wife, John Carter, and
son Robert Dudley. The will stipulated that the estate was to be kept intact until the youngest child comes of age "for the benefit of bringing up my youngest children; then to be equally
divided amongst them all." (Spots. County, Will Book D - 1761-1772)
IV. ELIZABETH (1735 - ??, Fayette County, KY) married planter THOMAS POOLE (Abt. 1729 - 1819) in 1761 and lived in Culpepper and Stopsylvania. They had a son, John (1/1/1762,
Halifax, VA - 3/5/1810, Washington, VA. Thomas Poole was the son of GEORGE POOLE (Abt. 1704- 2/15/1743) and his wife Elizabeth Rogers of Spotsylvania County. Thomas' paternal
grandparents were RICHARD (Abt. 1689, Norfolk VA - 3/8/1740) and ANN BUTT POOLE, who were married in Norfolk, VA on 4/3/1732. His paternal great-grandparents were GEORGE
(Abt. 1669, Princess Anne, VA - 2/3/1718-19, Princess Anne, VA) and ESTHER POOLE.
The Pooles were English and French merchants who appeared on 3/18/1667 when a tract of 500 acres in Baltimore County, MD was surveyed for GEORGE GALE and assigned to DAVID
POOLE, merchant. A patent dated 8/2/1668 described the tract as being on the North side of the Patapsco River opposite the land of Hugh Kersey. On 3/16/1701-02 THOMAS POOLE [of
an earlier generation] was named as a signer on an address of the Magistrates and Militia Officers of Gloucester County. Other signers associated with the Gales were John Waters, John
Degge, Simon Degge, Phillip Hunley, Richard Dudley and Ambrose Dudley.
On 2/5/1744 the will of Thomas' father, George Poole, was proved in Spotsylvania County. It named his wife Elizabeth; sons Thomas and Micajah (??-1806); daughter Mary, wife of
William Stevens; daughter Elizabeth, wife of James Brown; granddaughter Mary Brown; daughter Ann, wife of James Walston; granddaughter Mary Walston; daughter Joanna, wife of
James Young; daughter Milley; and daughter Sarah. Witnesses were Daniel Duval, Sharshall Grasty, and Matthew Gayle. Executors were Poole's wife and sons Micajah and Thomas.
Thomas Poole, a planter, was living in Culpeper County on 3/2/1754 when he sold 400 acres in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania, to James Ball of Lancaster County, Gent. Witnesses were
Matthew Gale, John Menefee, and Philip Vincent Vass. (Spots. Co. DB E/195, 1751 - 1761)
In 1770 JOSIAH GALE of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, witnessed a notice of indenture for THOMAS POOLE and on 3/7/1786 Jas. Mitchim, Rich'd Coleman, Ephraim Beasley and
MICAJAH POOLE, Thomas' brother, witnessed the sale of 50 acres in Berkeley Parish, Spotsylvania County. This was the last mention of Micajah Poole in Spotsylvania prior to moving
with Thomas to South Carolina where he died. His will, dated 9/3/1819 and proved 12/20/1819, named children Robert Poole and Nancy Young, wife of Robert Young. Executors were
Alexander W. Adams and Francis White and witnesses were Alexander Stuart, W. Wier and Joel Lipscomb. (South Carolina, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds, Box 73, Pack 1783 & 1784)
- [The reference to Joel Lipscomb proves a connection to the Gayles of South Carolina. John Gayle, brother of Billups Gayle of that state, studied law with Judge Abner S. Lipscomb
(1789 - 1856), son of Joel and Elizabeth Chiles Lipscomb. - SEE MATTHEW & JOSIAH GAYLE OF SOUTH CAROLINA]
It appears that Elizabeth Gale Poole died before 1790 since on 12/7/1790 THOMAS POOL (sic) and his wife Leah, of Spotsylvania County, sold 100 acres of land in Spotsylvania to John
Greenhorn of same and on 6/28/1806 the will of Captain Thomas Poole was recorded in Abbeville District, South Carolina. Administrators were Leah, MICAJAH POOL (sic), Robert
White, and JOHN GAYLE. Others named were Abraham Poole, Elizabeth Poole, and Park Eddins. (SC, Abbeville District, Wills & Bonds, Box 73, Pack 1784) The following reference may
also pertain to this family. The will of Thomas Williams, Sr., dated 9/4/1788 and proved 3/20/1789 in North Carolina, mentions his wife Elizabeth; sons, THOMAS POOL (sic) WILLIAMS,
Christopher Williams and John Williams; and daughters Elizabeth, Susannah, Margaret (or Peggy) and Sarah Beasley. Executors were sons Thomas and Christopher Pool and friend John
Humphries. Witnesses were Malachi Sawyer, SARAH GALE and Sarah Cary. Mentioned as part of the estate were the net proceeds of the Schooner Betsey's cargo…Rack brig
Washington. (Jones, Gordon C.; Abstracts of Wills and Other Records, Currituck and Dare Counties, North Carolina, 1663 - 1850)
IV. SARAH EDWARDS (1735-39, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 7/1799, Stokes County, North Carolina) married John Deatherage (1735, Spotsylvania County, Va. - 2/12/1801, Stokes
County, NC) about 1750-58. Their children were John, Elizabeth, Phoebe, Sarah, William B., Phillip B., Mary Catherine, Lewis and Matthew Gale Deatherage (8/5/1797, Stokes Co. NC -
3/1/1863, Missouri City, Fort Bend Co. Texas) who married on 4/1/1817 in Stokes County to Matilda Caroline Simmons (1801 - ??). Their son was William Gale Deatherage (1/22/1828,
Stokes Co. NC - 3/20/1888, Moniteau Co. Missouri) who married Letitia Simmons (1818 - 1883) on 12/7/1843 at Cole County, Missouri. Their children included Matilda Belle (1846 - ??),
Matthew Granville (1847 - ??) m. Susan Adair, Lucy Ann (1849 - ??), William Bell (1852 - 1923), L. L. T. (1854 - ??), Robert James (1857 - 1925), Eliza (1859 - 1935), and Lucy A. Deatherage
(1859 - ??). In 1759 John Deatherage purchased land from his brother-in-law, John Gale, in Spotsylvania County. He sold a portion of the land on 7/4/1768 to George Gravitt of same for
£15. On 7/4/1768 John and Sarah Edwards Deatherage sold 200 acres in Spotsylvania County, originally purchased from John and Sarah Gale, to Edward Brasfield of Caroline County for
£70. After Sarah died in 1799, John Deatherage married Rachel Mabe (6/1765 - 10/12/1855) daughter of John Mabe.
IV. JUDITH (1739 - 1800, probably Fayette Co., Ky) ca. 1755 married (1) William Edward Darnaby (?? - 7/6/1767, Spotsylvania Co.) and (2) James Smith in 1770, Lexington, Fayette Co. KY).
Judith and William had a son, John, who was an apprentice to Ambrose Dudley, joiner and carpenter, in Spotsylvania.
In Virginia the earliest Gale/Gayle families appear primarily in what are now the counties of Accomack, Northampton, Caroline, Gloucester, Isle of Wight, King and Queen, Mathews,
Middlesex, Spotsylvania, and York.