Etching showing the area of Gale Properties
Chapter 2 - John Gale, "the Elder," (Ca. 1615-20 - 1680) of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England
DESCENT OF JOHN GALE (ca. 1620 - 1680) FROM JAMES GALE (ca. 1460 - Aft. 1523):

I. JAMES GALE (Living 1523) of Thrintoft m. (Unknown)
II. OLIVER GALE (Living 1530s) of Thrintoft m. Ellen Marshall and left descendants in Ireland.
III. JAMES GALE (ca. 1490s- ??) of Scruton, merchant of York, married an unknown wife & resided in Spain. He is said to have had six daughters & a son, Robert.
IV. *ROBERT GALE (ca. 1523 - ??) )of Scruton, York, Leeds, Spain and Ireland, son of James, married (1) ELIZABETH GALE GARBRAY (ca. 1527 - ??), widow of Thomas Robert Garbray (?? - 1560) and daughter of III. GEORGE GALE (1497 - 1556-57), thereby uniting two branches of the family. He married (2) Unknown.
V. POSSIBLY ROBERT (ca. 1560s -??), missing generation marrried (Uknown)
VI. ROBERT GALE OF ACOMB & TRALEE (1590 - 1656) of Yorkshire and Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, married (Unknown) and had a son, John. [Rosamond Porter thought Robert's family may have immigrated and named children as John (below), Matthew, George, Robert and Mary. .]
- 1680) of Newcastle-on-Tyne settled at Whitehaven and married Elizabeth Ghiver. He received a version of his father's arms. [SEE BELOW]

ARMS OF OLIVER GALE: "Azure, on a fess between three saltires or, three lion's heads erased, gules." CREST & MOTTO: Unknown [Recorded at the Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563-64 - NOTE: Also found were arms granted to one "ALIBI" (sic) GALE (possibly a miss-pronunciation and spelling of Oliver): ARMS: "Azure a fece betw 3 sawterells (saltires) Argent on the fece 3 lions' heads erased azure. The Crest: "On a wrethe Argent and Azure an Unycorne hede paly of 6 Azure & or." (Flowers Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563-64)-]
ARMS OF JAMES GALE: "Gules a Griffin Ermine rampant, a bordure gobony Argent and vert." (Flowers' Visitation of Yorkshire)
ARMS OF ROBERT GALE: Azure a fese between 3 sawtrells argent on the fece 3 lionsheads erased Azure. CREST: …on a wrethe Argent and Azure an Unycornehede paly of 6 Argent & or.
ARMS OF JOHN GALE: Argent on a Fess between three saltires Humette Azure, an Anchor between two Lions heads erased Or. CREST: On a Wreath Or and Azure an Unicorn's head couped Argent charged with two Pallets Blew, Armed and Crined Or, over all an Anchor Gold. [The arms of John and his brothers are more similar to those granted to Oliver than James, which seems to support Rosamund Porter's theory that Oliver's daughter, Elizabeth Gale Garbray, married secondly to her first cousin, Robert Gale, son of James Gale, resulting in a joining of both arms. [Granted on 6/28/1712 "To be Borne & Used for ever hereafter by them the said John, Ebenezer, & Elisha Gale & their Heirs & other Descendents of their respective Bodies lawfully begotten, with their Due Differences according to the Law of Arms without lett or Interruption." (Howard & Crisp) - ]
VII. John Gale, the Elder (1615-20 - 1680) the Elder m. Elizabeth Ghiver
VIII. John Sr. (1641 - will 1716) m. about 1670 Mary Carlisle (?? - 1703)
IX. John Jr. (Est. 1670s -1729) m. Elizabeth Tickell (?? - 1743)
IX. George (1671- 1712) m. (1) Mildred Warner Washington in 1700 m. (2) Elizabeth Denwood (1674 - 1736) -
IX. Mathias (1677-1751) m. Dorothy Ponsonby
X. Mathias # (1716 - 1716)
X. John (1717 - 1768) m. Ann Hartley
XI. Mathias (1750 - 1794)
XI. John (1751 - 1807) m. 1) Catherine Littledale, 2) Eleanor Ethelstone
XII. John Littledale (1783 - 1832) m. 1807 (1) Rebecca Brandon, (2) Isabella Douglas
XIII. Charles (?? - died young)
XIII. Edward (?? - ??)
XIII. James (?? - ??)
XIII. Charles William (1813 - 1867)
XII. Curwen (1800 - 1849) died unmarried, East Indies
XII. Eleanor (?? - ??)
XI. Thomas (1753 - Aft. 1777, died unmarried, East Indies)
XI. Robert (1754 - 1759)
XI. William (Bapt. 1759 - ??)
XI. Curwen (1761 - 1816) m. Mary (Unknown) of London, no children.
XI. Isabella (Bapt. 1757 - ??) m. John Monckton Hale
XI. Anne (1758 -1815) m. 1783 to Capt. John Wordsworth.
XI. Jane (Bapt. 1765- ??) m. 1786 Col. Archibald Douglas
X. Robert (1721 - 1768) m. Mary Senhouse
XI. Robert #1 (1761 - died in infancy)
XI. Humphrey (1762 - 1766)
XI. Robert #2 (Bapt. 1763 - died young)
XI. Gustavus (Bapt. 1766-??) - 4 sons, all died without children
XII. Gustavus (?? - ??)
XII. William (?? - ??)
XII. Robert (?? - ??)
XII. Humphrey Senhouse (?? - ??)
XI. Mary (1764 - ??) Unmarried
XI. Johanna (Bapt. 1768 - ??) m. Rev. Fergus Graham
X. Mathias #2 (1724 - 1771) m. Jane Bennett
X. Jane (?? - 1819) m. Wilson Gale Braddyll
X. Ann (1718 - ??) m Edward Tubmam
X. Mary (1719 - 1750) unmarried
IX. Robert (Bapt. 1680, St. Bees - 5/22/1680)
IX. Lowther (?? - 1730s) died at sea 1735)
IX. Philip (?? - 1714)
IX. William (ca. 1693 - 1774) m. Margaret Richmond
X. John (Bapt. 1729-30 - 1814) m. Sarah Wilson of High Head Castle
XI. Wilson, of Braddyll, Portfield & Conishead Priory (Bapt. 1756 - 1818) m. cousin Jane Gale, daughter of Matthias Gale
XII. Jane (?? - ??) 2nd wife of Adm. Frank Sotheron
XII. Margaret Sarah (?? - ??) m. Gordon Elliot Forbes, Esq.
XII. Sarah (?? - died in infancy)
XII. Harriot (?? - died in infancy)
XII. Georgiana (?? - died in infancy)
XII. Charlotte (?? - ??) no children
XII. Henrietta Maria (?? - ??) m. George Vernon
XII. Thomas Richmond Gale Braddyll (?? - ??) m. Frances Chester, 1803
XIII. Jane (?? - ??)
XIII. Mary (?? - ??) m. Gordon Forbes
XIII. Charlotte (?? - ??) unm.
XIII. Harriet (?? - ??) m. George Vernon of Clontarf Castle
XI. William (Bapt. 1759 - Died at school in Birmingham)
XI. Henry Richmond of
Bardsea Hall (Bapt. 1760 - 1814) m. Sarah Baldwin
XI. Margaret (Bapt. 1757 -??) m. Richard Greaves Townley
XI. Sarah (Bapt. 1759 -??) m. George Bigland of
Bigland Hall
X. Isabella (1728 - 1776) m. Henry Curwen, Esq. of Workington
IX. Mary (1683 - after 1735) m. William Grayson of St. Bee's -- According to the Find a Grave site, a posting by Bill Hahn notes that one
IX. Margaret (?? - 1729) m. Reverend Richard Tickell and had two sons, Richard and Thomas Tickell, the latter a Poet.
IX. Susanna (Bapt. 1691, St. Bees - ??) m. William Marshall
IX. Elizabeth (abt. 1678 - d. before 1726) m. James Milham (abt. 1674 - 6/24/1750) at St. Bees
VIII. Ebenezer (?? - buried 1729, St. Nicholas) m. Isabella Tickell
IX. John (Bapt. 1688 - d. young)
IX. Thomas (Bapt. St. Bees 1690 - ??) m. Unknown & had children
X. Ebenezer (Bapt. 1723 - ??)
X. Thomas (Bapt. 1726 - ??)
X. Charles (Bapt. 1731 - ??)
X. Mary (Bapt. 1735 - ??)
IX. Ebenezer (Bapt. 1693 - ??)
IX. Mary (Bapt. 1695 - ??)
VIII. Elisha (?? - 1740) m. Elizabeth Crispe
IX. Crispe (Bapt. 1688-??) m. John Heslop
IX. William (Bapt. 1696 - will 1723)
IX. Jane (Bapt. 1698 - ??) m. Joseph Taylor
IX. Peter (Bapt. 1699 - ??)
IX. Elizabeth (Bapt. 1702 - ??)
IX. Joseph (?? - ??)
IX. Elisha, Jr. (?? - 1724)
VIII. Marie (Bapt.1663 - 1663)
VIII. Mehetable (Bapt. ca. 1665 - 1706) m. Wm. Feryes/Ferise

VII. JOHN GALE, THE ELDER (1615-20 - 1680) was born ca. 1615-20 at Newcastle upon Tyne to Robert Gale (ca. 1585 - 1656) of Yorkshire and Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, and an unknown wife. His siblings included VII. Matthew (Ca. Early 1600s - ??), VII. George (?? - ??), VII. Robert (?? - ??), and VII. Mary (?? - ??), any of whom may have immigrated. In 1640 John married ELIZABETH GHIVER and had five children.

Sometime around 1663 to 1665 John Gale moved with his family from Newcastle-on-Tyne to Whitehaven, Cumberland, an ancient harbor town isolated by mountains and located southwest of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne not far from the Scottish border. Situated on the Irish Sea with the Isle of Man visible in the distance, it began as a small fishing village of about 50 cottages. But through the efforts of Sir John Lowther (1642-1705) it evolved into a port of 2,000, mostly due to the exportation of coal to Ireland. Its harbor dates from 1634 when the first pier was built and over the next 200 years the town expanded rapidly, becoming part of the trade route between England and her colonies in America and the West Indies, known as "The Golden Triangle." By the mid-18th century it became Britain's second most important port for Colonial trade, larger than Liverpool and ranking only behind London and Bristol in size. It also became a center for shipbuilding and for the export of coal and the import of tobacco and other products from the colonies. Gale and his descendants played a large part in the development of the town and the family's presence is marked by Gale Court, located on the site of the garden at
Old Hall, Gale Lane, and Back Gale Lane, which are still named streets in the town.
St. Bees/St. Bega's Priory, Whitehaven, Cumberland
Pre-Conquest Beowulf Stone
John Gale died between 1679 and 1680. His 1679 will, sealed with his coat-of-arms, was probated on 9/1/1680. He left £1 to each of his children, John Jr., Ebenezer, Elisha, and Mehetable, and left the remainder of his estate to his wife Elizabeth. Elizabeth Gale left a will, probated on 1/31/1707, in which she made small bequests to her daughter Mehetabel Ferryes (sic) and sons John and Ebenezer. The remainder of the estate was left to her son Elisha who she named as Executor.

ARMS OF JOHN GALE, THE ELDER (1615 - 1680): Argent on a fess between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or. CREST: A unicorn's head azure charged with an anchor or, between two pallets argent. MOTTO: Depressus Extoller (Having been depressed, I am exalted.) [NOTE: One Anne Wandesford, daughter and sole heiress of John, Earl of Wandesford, married John Butler, Earl of Ormonde, on 2/26/1769. His heir, James Wandesford, also had as his motto, Depressus Extoller. This family was related to Christopher Wandesford who was in Ireland at the same time as some of the Gales.]

VIII. JOHN SR. (1641 - will dated 6/4/1716) married Mary Carlisle (?? - buried 6/24/1703 at Whitehaven), daughter of Lancelot Carlisle, Of Bridkirk, Scotland.
VIII. EBENEZER (?? - buried 4/5/1729, St. Nicholas) married Isabella Tickell, daughter of Thomas Tickell.
VIII. ELISHA (?? - buried 3/7/1740, St. Nicholas) married Elizabeth Crispe, daughter of Peter Crispe.
VIII. MARIE (Bapt. at St. Bees on 9/19/1663 - 1663)
VIII. MEHETABLE (Bapt. St. Bees ca. 1665 - Buried, St. Nicholas, 2/13/1706) married on 9/1/1690 to Dissenter William Feryes, a successful Whitehaven merchant, ship's master, and business associate of the Gale family. Feryes built a three-story mansion on the corner of the present Duke and Scotch Streets in Whitehaven that was later purchased by the Town and Harbour Trustees in 1850 and serves as the Town Hall. Gale Feryes, son of William and Mehetable, was baptized at St. Bees on 2/7/1698.

VIII. JOHN GALE, SR. (1641 - 1716) OF WHITEHAVEN, CUMBERLAND was born in 1641 to John and Elizabeth Ghiver Gale. He married MARY CARLISLE (?? - 1703), daughter and co-heir of Lancelot Carlisle and wife Barbara Johnstone of Bridkirk, Co. Dumfries, Scotland, and had 11 children. Mary Gale died on 6/24/1703 and her burial was noted in the parish register of St. Bees.

In the fall of 1677, John Gale Sr. was employed as the steward for Sir John Lowther and held the post until 1707. Lowther, the dominant figure behind the town's development, continued to expand his territory with an eye to a monopoly in the coal trade. His family lived much of the time in London, but he purchased property on the southeast border of Whitehaven on 10/1/1675 and built a manor called
The Flatt, later calle Whitehaven Castle, where John Gale was a frequent visitor. In 1683, under Lowther's employ, John Gale had a causeway constructed to enable horse-drawn carts to transport coal from the pits to ships waiting in the harbor. Although primitive, the causeway significantly reduced transportation costs and was heralded as the forerunner of early railways. Another step in expansion of Lowther's coal trade was the "Act for Enlarging the Pier and Harbour of Parton in the County of Cumberland," passed during the reign of Queen Anne in 1705-06. Signers on the document included Ebenezer, Elisha, and John Gale, Jr.

In 1686 Sir John Lowther granted the property known as
Old Hall to the Gales, "for and in consideration of the good and faithful service of the said John Gale. Both John Gale Sr. and John Gale Jr. lived at Old Hall and John Sr.'s brothers, Elisha and Ebenezer, had residences on the property. On 2/14/1694 Lowther granted land to Elisha in order to establish a chapel. Some 70 years later financial problems forced the sale of several Gale properties in Whitehaven, and on 4/26/1768, at the death of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale's son John, all the buildings on the Old Hall site were sold.

Portions of John's life were illuminated in D. R. Hainsworth's book,
The Correspondence of Sir John Lowther of Whitehaven, 1693 - 1698, containing letters between Gale, Lowther, William Gilpin and other associates. On 5/7/1693 John Gale wrote from Whitehaven expressing his appreciation for Lowther's kindness to family members, including securing a position for John Gale, Jr. On 7/9/1693 he wrote to Lowther stating, Sir, I returne you most humble and hearty thanks for the care you are pleased to take of my son, who has given us large accounts therof, and I hope will never forget your kindeness to him." Another letter on 8/6/1693 stated that John, Jr. was traveling to Ireland and another on 9/3/1693 again thanked Lowther for his kindness to John, Jr. and to George, another of his sons. He wrote again on 9/10/1693. "I know not how to express my thankfulness for your kindness to both my sons; [John, Jr. who was in Dublin seeking a Customs position with Lowther's help, and George Gale, who later settled in Maryland.] surely neither they, nor I, shall never forget it. I formerly hinted to you the benefit would accrue not only to our traffique in generall, but to yourselfe in perticuler from having the commanders of those cruisers in this channel persons that had some dependence on yourselfe and relation to us. Such would be kinder to our men in the matter of pressing and more active, and carefull to save the shipping of this port from harme. I layd the same thing before Mr [Thomas] Addison when here, who was of the same opinion. I have one son in that capacity and altogether att your disposal to make off him what you think fitt were he only furnished with such force as is sufficient to resist any privateer. If he doe not behave himself accordingly I shall with as much eagerness withdraw him from such trust, as ever I can otherwise desire to promote him.

On October 15th of the same year Gale wrote, I returne you most humble and hearty thanks for both my sons. George is well in Holland and I have directed my son John to acquaint you what stepps he makes, but he gets not my letters yet, for none of the last fleet have gott Dublin though nigh a month since they sayled hence, nor know wee to what ports they are all driven. John Jr. is still in Dublin in November as evidenced by the following post script on 11/5/1693. [P.S.] My son John continues at Dublin in patient expectation of what will happen, but greatly feares his preferment will not be in that port, where he would be of much better use to us all than anywhere else. Possibly your cousin Lowther (John Lowther of Marske), at your request, would indeavor to prevent his removall. On 11/12/1693 Gale wrote, Sir, I have communicated your commands to my son John at Dublin who is now made to hope that somewhat will be done for him att the expiration of this quarter soe he resolves to attend it with patience; as for his being imployed in some other place, he sayes 'tis an usuall thing with the Commissioners to remove their officers att Dublin into the country, to make room for new ones at Dublin," soe he hopes they will doe the like in his favour, and he farther assures me they have some att Dublin most unskillful either in accounts or business, and those among the land waiters, than which post he canot live off a less. Therefore I doe humbly begg your interest in his behalfe, that he may be in a commendable a station as you desire." As a post script, he adds, "My son George is very well. Tells me Admirall Michell was three weeks on board the 'Centurion', that he sent my son frequently on shore, and that he had the good fortune to please the admiral in every occasion.

On 7/18/1694 a letter from John Sr. to Lowther from Whitehaven stated, As for my son John, I can without vanity say he would make as good an officer in the way proposed as most men of his yeares. He keeps the coal accounts, but at present is at Lancaster, discharging a ship wee are concerned in there. The inclosed (writt without designe) pretty well bespeaks his capacity and my last gave you some hints of what is in prospect…for my children are many, much growen upp, and consequently very chargible to me. My son John's journey to London and Dublin cost him above L40; 2 of my daughters are women, Susanna a child, son Matthias a seaman, now in Virginia, ingenious and forward enough in his way, more my fear that he miscarry thereby, than by any other fault, if that be one; he is not indeed soe perfect in hearing as his other brothers, and his eager desire is to be with his brother George. Lowther is now about eleven years old and will not disparage his other brothers. Phillipp and William are children, soe there are 9 in all, which must needs be a considerable charge to me….John Gale.

On 11/1/1694 John wrote, Sir, This will be brought you by my son Matthias Gale whom I have sent upp as I mentioned to you in one of my former letters. His desire is, to be in the same ship with his brother George who will infome him of the manner of shipps of war and many other things that are not to be seen att this place. As for his abillityes, (as a seaman) I canott give that character off him which with a safe conscience I might if he were nott my owne son, but of his age, I dare say there are very few will goe beyond him, being well skilled in the doctrine of the sphear, can take an observation, in all cases, and worke it out when he has done; in common affaires he is butt two [sic] forward, soe that my greatest fear for him is least he happen to suffer therby. One fault he has, if I may call it a fault, or rather an impediment, he is not soe quick of his hearing as his other brothers are, butt he is better at sea than ashore. I doe most humbly intreat your recommendation of him to Captaine Price in what station soever you think fitt to appoint him and I doe most humbly submitt it to your good pleasure….John Gale.

Another letter on 11/4/1694 stated, "My son Matthias went hence on the 2d instant and I suppose will be att London about the 15th. He will indeavor to see his brother George whom I have directed to present him to you….John Gale. On 11/18/1694, John wrote, "Sir, My son Matthias reached London on the 13th, but his brother George being in the country would delay their waiting on you. I would be glad to receive some character of George, whether he improves in the way he exercised, and whether you approve of his capacitys."

The Gales were heavily invested in the maritime trade and on 1/27/1694 John reported,
There was a new pink, about 2 year old, called the William and Mary, burthen 100 tunns, belonging to this port, wherein Captaine Senhouse, myselfe, and son John, were 3 eights concerned as owners. She sayled hence (outwards bound for Virginia) on the 5th November last, David Davis, master, and Benjamin Lowes his mate; she was taken by a French merchant ship of force about 300 leagues from Ireland and all the men (except the mate) taken overboard and by the French carried into Rochell; from which place Mr. Davis writes us this account, and that he hoped the William and Mary might be retaken, for that she was not arrived in France…
Two of John's daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, married merchant mariners who were associated with the Gales in America. Mary married merchant WILLIAM GRAYSON of St. Bees Parish, Whitehaven, whose family went to Spotsylvania County. On 5/17/1733 their son, Ambrose Grayson, and his wife Alice sold 300 acres of land in Spotsylvania County for 50 pounds to Matthew Gale. [SEE CHAPTET 9]

Elizabeth Gale married JAMES MILHAM, who built a home on Irish Street in Whitehaven where he and Elizabeth lived and became an integral part of the Gale family's shipping and trading endeavors. During the course of his career Milham served as master of the ships John, Africa, Pearle, owned by the Gales, and the Resolution. He also wrote a book on navigation in American waters.
(LVA, Virginia Colonial Records Project, Survey Report 12484; PRO Exchequor Kings Remembrancer, Port Books. Whitehaven)
One of John's associates was William Gilpin (1657 - 1724), who was Lowther's estate steward. Gilpin resided at Scaleby Castle in Yorkshire, originally occupied in the 1100s.

Gale and Gilpin were not the best of friends and John was disappointed when Gilpin was given the position as Lowther's estate steward, a position held by his son, John Jr. In addition, Gilpin suggested that the Gales blamed him for meddling in their affairs and circulated inflammatory correspondence aimed at undermining his good reputation. Lowther, as the employer of both Gale and Gilpin, had been asked to mediate in the disputes.

A letter from Gilpin to Lowther on 6/15/1695 stated,
Sir, I have hitherto born with him [John Gale] and am desirous to do so still. I am sensible that our quarrels would create too great an uneasiness to you, and for that reason I would court all possible means of obliging him. I confess I made a will for his mother, but have not been unkind (much less injurious) either to him or his brother Eben. I have not influenced the old gentlewoman in her distributions in the least. On the contrary, I had done them both those offices (if themselves obstruct them not) that really deserved their thanks. And God Almighty knows that I was so far from using that opportunity to inflame their domestic quarrels (which were begun long enough before I came hither) that I did what I could to compose them… [John's mother, Elizabeth, was partial to her son Elisha who shared her religious beliefs. He was named as her executor and received a larger bequest than his brothers or sister.]
On 8/4/1697 Gilpin wrote of other problems and cited Elisha Gale's proposal to build a house ...for his own convenience, and later for tenants, as he finds demand. The quarry is that 'bateable land' which occasioned the quarrel between his mother and his brother Ebenezer. That controversy was settled when Ebenezer released his claim, and the remainder of the 99 year lease you made their father, was conveyed to Elisha." The land in question, being part of a quarry, was unstable and Gilpin noted, "A part of the highway and a triangular piece of ground collapsed into John Gale's garden, and in a few years further collapses may increase Elisha's ground. However, if he builds he must necessarily protect and reinforce the face of the hill to protect the building. Nevertheless the limits of his interest should be carefully measured so that 'he may not hereafter take all the falls to be his own.' I have taken care to have an obstruction removed at the last court which cut off access to an open space between Gale's quarry and number 42, which would enable you to build on the hill or in the quarry if the future growth of Whitehaven requires it.

On 6/20/1697 John Gale wrote to Lowther from Whitehaven referencing ...the London Virginian fleet" that sailed from the Capes of Virginia on May 7th with three or four men-of-war in the convoy. The ship Europe set sail the day after but was unable to join the fleet and sailed on alone. She was saved from capture by a privateer that had given chase by Captain Thomson, master of the Feversham. Both Gale and Gilpin wrote to Lowther that the channel was full of privateers and Gale noted that the ship Cumberland could "... carry 30 gunns, the owners are most solicitous for my sone George to come and manage her, and that he had a letter of marke, (the ship being applied to the King's service) but whether such a thing is feasible, I understand not.

On 2/20/1697-98 he again wrote, I returne you most humble and hearty thanks for your kindness to my son [John Gale, Jr.] whom I could be well contented might serve the King, by way of tryall, for some small time, and only de bene esse. I am soe well assured of his honesty and sincerity, that I dare pledge my life, as a sacrifice, for his faithfull performance of any turst. Some of my sonns have allreddy passed their tryall under your owne recommendation, and I hope noe blott has happened, and if this, who has the advantage of all his brethren, were but once taken into trust, I am most assured he would answer every expectation and recover the credit of that post at Carlisle, or any other, that has layen under the like, or never soe ill, a character. I doe not att all deal in any tobacco, but for the supply of my shop and that is so inconsiderable that I value it not in the least. Two gentlemen in Virginia did this year consigne me 6 hoggsheads tobacco, which I forthwith sent to Dublin, and desire they will not hereafter give me any trouble of that kinde. The Crowne and Cumberland are both gon, my two sons [George & Matthias Gale] commands, but I am not 6d. concerned in either of their cargoes, or in any other shipp's cargoe upon that voyage, nor have I in the least been soe concerned since the war….John Gale.

On 3/2/1697 William Gilpin informed Lowther that certain merchants had retained John Gale, Jr. as their factor to negotiate with a Mr. Painter in Dublin and that Gale will leave with the first ship to reside at Dublin during the continuance of his powers. A letter written on 4/27/1698 by John Sr. to John Lowther indicated that as a result of his dealings on behalf of his clients, John Jr. was arrested as an ingroser and monopolizer. His commission was drawen by Mr. Gilpin, and will indure the test, but wee are told the adverse party will dropp the prosecution, as not being grounded upon law." On 6/5/1698 John Sr. again wrote to Lowther, "Tis now some time since my son layd asside his concernment for the masters at Dublin, but being there indicted he stayes till next terme for a tryall, noe arguments being sufficient to prevayle with his partiall judges to bring it on this terme. Sir, if you know the whole of that matter, and the abuses putt upon our masters in their trade, you would think it your interest to speake a word in their behalfe. You have heard of Irish evidence and what has been sayde of such. The same may without a strain be sayd of judges and juryes too….John Gale. (Hainsworth)

John Sr.'s will, probated on 6/4/1716, named his son John Gale, and his son-in-law, James Milham as executorss. He left his gallery pew in old Chapel ( St.Nicholas) to daughter Elizabeth Milham and her husband; proceeds from screw for raising ships to clergyman Francis Yates and his successors and the remainder of his estate to his son, John Gale. The other sons not mentioned.)

ARMS: Argent on a Fess between three saltires Humette Azure, an Anchor between two Lions heads erased Or.
CREST: On a Wreath Or and Azure an Unicorn's head couped Argent charged with two Pallets Blew, Armed and Crined Or, over all an Anchor Gold.

IX. JOHN, JR. (Before 1671 - Obit. 1729) married Elizabeth Tickell on 10/2/1692, fourth daughter of Thomas Tickell, and resided in Whitehaven. He was buried at St. Nicholas on 9/10/1729 leaving a will, but no children were named.
IX. GEORGE (1671 - 1712) immigrated to the colonies and married (1) Mildred Warner Washington, widow of Lawrence Washington of Virginia, (2) Elizabeth Denwood, daughter of Levin Denwood, a prominent Quaker of Maryland. Four sons
IX. MARY I (1673-76 - after 1735) married William Grayson, merchant, at Harrington 2/1698 and died around 1735. Their son Ambrose Grayson conveyed land in Spotsylvania County in 1733 to Matthew Gale of Gloucester County, VA.
IX. MATTHIAS (1677 - Buried 8/2/1751), third son of John Gale of Whitehaven, was christened on 11/20/1677 and married Dorothy Ponsonby, daughter of John Ponsonby, Esq. of
Hale Hall, Co. Cumberland, on 5/6/1714.
IX. ELIZABETH (Abt. 1678 - before 1726) married Whitehaven merchant mariner James Milham (ca. 1674 - 6/24/1750) on 2/6/1706 at St. Bees. Their children were James (4/8/1709 - ??); John #1 (9/1/1710 - ??), John #2 (10/11/1711 - ??), George (Bet. 3/21/1711-12 - ??).
IX. ROBERT (Christened 5/2/1680 at St. Bees - died 5/22/1680)
IX. LOWTHER GALE (1682 or 1684 - 1735) was mentioned in a 1694 letter written by his father stating that Lowther was about 11 years old. A mariner and ship builder, Lowther entered the slave trade and in 1710 was commissioned as master of the
Nancy Galley of London bound for the Guinea Coast on behalf of leading slave trader, Peter Hollander. But this vessel was taken by an enemy privateer in March of 1711 while under Lowther's command. Lowther was also Captain of the Cumberland, which carried a letter of marque and was owned by one NICHOLAS GALE, a merchant of Whitehaven and probably a relative. Lowther Gale died at sea on a trading voyage. His will, written 3/25/1714 and proved on 10/13/1735, named the four sons of his brother, George.
IX. SUSANNA (1691 - ??) was baptized on 1/13/1692 and married William Marshall, of William Marshall & Company, on 11/17/1709.
IX. WILLIAM (1693 - 5/9/1773) married 4/16/1727 Margaret Richmond, daughter of Christopher Richmond, of
High Head Castle, Cumberland.
IX. PHILIP GALE (By 1694 - 2/12/1714) died young and was buried at St. Nicholas, 2/12/1714.
NOTE: According to a page on George Gale by Bill Hahn on
Find A Grave, there was another daughter, MARY MARGARET GALE (ca. 1676 - 1729) who married Reverend Richard Tickell (9/29/1647 - 1691)l, Vicar of Egremont, and had two sons, Thomas Tickell, the Poet, and Richard Tickell.
1/6/1706-07: John Milliam, master, sailed on the ship Africa.
2/14/1707: Shipper by the
Pearle of Whitehaven, Mr. James Milham, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia. (PRO: E190/1449/1)
1/29/1711 - 3/5/1711: Shippers by the
Cranfield galley, Mr. John Walter, bound from Bristol for Virginia: William Perks, John Chaplyn, John Watkins, George Newland, Samuel Shaw, Thomas Longman & Co., John Mylam (sic), Isaac Martindale, John Munday, Stephen Baker. (PRO: E190/1169/1)
2/12-17/1711: Shippers by the
Cumberland of Whitehaven, Mr. Lowther Gale, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: Thomas Coats, James Millham, John Gale Jr. & Co., Thomas Mosscrop, William Machale, Abraham Chambers for executors of William Feryes, John Nelson for Benjamin Small, James Adderton, Richard Biglands, Thomas Barns, Matthias Gale, Samuel Bowerbank, Joseph Pennington, William Marshall & Co. (PRO: E190/1450/15)
12/31/1714 - 1/4/1715: Shipper by the
Content of Whitehaven, Mr. William Bacon, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Milham. (PRO: E190/1451/13, 1452/7)
9/12-13/1715: Shipper by the
Resolution of Whitehaven, Mr. Robert Milham, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: Richard Kelsick. (PRO: E190/1452/7)
9/12-20/1715: Shippers by the
Adventure of Whitehaven, Mr. William Grayson, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Milham & Co., Thomas Coates, Richard Coates. (PRO: E190/1452/7)
4/21-22/1740: Shippers by the
Hope, Mr. Anthony Grayson, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: John Taylor for James Patton, James Milham, How & Kelsick, Edward Tubman & Co. (PRO: E190/1460/5)
4/9/1742: Shippers by the
Pearle, Mr. John Atkinson, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Milham, How & Kelsick. (PRO: E190/1461/4)
4/21-23/1742: Shippers by the
Robert, Mr. Richard Parker, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Spedding & Co., James Milham. (PRO: E190/1461/4)
2/17-28/1743: Shippers by the
Love, Mr. John Knail, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: Joseph Glaister, James Milham. (PRO: E190/1461/10)
3/9-16/1743: Shippers by the
Diligence, Mr. William Burton, bound from Whitehaven for Maryland: Daniel Dixon, Daniel Stephenson, James Milham, Matthias Gale. (PRO: E190/1461/10)

X. JOHN GALE, JR. (Bef. 1671- 1729), MERCHANT OF WHITEHAVEN, was born to John and Mary Carlisle Gale of Whitehaven at an unknown date, but was of age in 1694 according to a letter written by his father. John married ELIZABETH/MARGARET TICKELL, fourth daughter of Thomas Tickell, but apparently had no children since none were mentioned in either John's or Elizabeth's will.

John Jr., like his father, was in the employ of Sir John Lowther. After the death of Thomas Tickell in 1692, he became Lowther's estate steward, a post formerly held by Tickell. He was replaced the following year by William Gilpin. In 1705 John Gale Jr.'s name appears with others on the "Act for Enlarging the Pier and Harbour of Parton in the County of Cumberland," passed in Parliament during the 4th and 5th years of the reign of Queen Anne. Others mentioned were Thomas Fletcher of Moresby, Esq., Thomas Lamlugh of Lamplugh, Esq., George Fletcher, Robert Lamplugh, Richard Senhouse, Sr., Peter Senhouse, William Ferrys (sic), Ebenezer Gale, Elisha Gale, and Robert Waters. Like his brothers John was engaged in maritime trade. Operating as John Gale and Company, he was named as the owner of the vessel
Clotilda, built in England in 1726 and registered in Whitehaven in 1727 at 25 tons.

John Gale, Jr. left a will, dated 1/2/1726 and probated on 10/30/1729, that named his brothers, Matthias and William, as executors. John's wife Elizabeth was to receive an annual sum of £50 throughout her life as well as the use of John's house and garden and his pew #78 in the "Old Chapel." He also made bequests to his nephew Leven (sic), "now settled beyond the seas," and to Leven's brothers John, George and Matthias. To his cousin Thomas, John gave "all right and title to that part of the
Old Hall with the garden, etc. now in his possession." (Howard & Crisp) To his brother William and heirs he left his timber yard, cock pit, seat #78 in the "Old Chapel," and his plantation at Kingston in Maryland. William and his heirs also received John's books, music and musical instruments, his half-share in the ships Cumberland and Somerset, his share in the Sea Flower, and "the whole ship Clothilda." (Howard & Crisp) This vessel continued to sail and on 9/10/1736 bond was given for a voyage out of Whitehaven with Elihu Bouch as Master. At the time the ship carried no guns. On 2/4/1737 the Clotilda entered the port of Rappahannock with a cargo of seven Negroes. John's brother, Matthias, received John's freehold estate, "rents and funds in and about the town of Egremont," all of his property in Whitehaven, and seats #61 and #102 in "Old Chapel." Matthias also was given John's half-share in the ships Cumberland and Somerset and all of his ship Carlisle. He also made bequests to his nephew and niece, James and Elizabeth Milham, the three daughters of his sister Mary Grayson, the two daughters of his sister Susanna Marshall, his Uncle Ebenezer and Aunt Isabella, and their daughter Elizabeth. He included bequests to Margaret, wife of Richard Wilson; Mary Stephenson; the sons and daughters of his Uncle Elisha; Sarah, wife of Jonathan Smith; the children of his cousin Barbara Pearson; Samuel Thompson, and the poor widows of Whitehaven. John also noted that each of his servants "living with me at my death" were to receive 2 guineas. (Howard & Crisp) John was buried at St. Nicholas on 9/10/1726.

Elizabeth Tickell Gale made a will dated 2/20/1735 and probated on 5/6/1743. Since the couple had no children, Elizabeth named her niece Elizabeth Gale as sole executrix. Surety was provided by Elizabeth Gale, Thomas Patrickson and Peter Gale. She named her brothers-in-law Matthias and William Gale and made a bequest to the poor of Whitehaven, as did her deceased husband. She also named her sister Isabel [wife of her husband's brother Ebenezer Gale]; her niece Elizabeth, daughter of Ebenezer and Isabel; her niece Margaret Wilson, widow, and to Isabel's daughters Isabella and Margaret Wilson. She also made bequests to her nieces Margaret; Elizabeth, wife of Richard Tickell; Martha, wife of Thomas Patrickson; her niece Mary Bamber and her son Robert Stephenson; and nieces Bolton and Todd Elizabeth also made bequests to her sister Mary Grayson; her sister Susannah Marshall; Jane Bonn and Ann Atkinson, widows; and her maidservant. Her nephew, Richard Tickell, was to receive his picture and "all the Indian rarities he gave to me, and one guinea to buy a ring." Her nephew Christopher Wilson received "the gold-headed cane, the counters, and other Indian rarities he gave to me, and a guinea to buy a ring." Her nephew Thomas Gale received "the set of china he gave me, and two guineas to buy him and his wife each a ring. Her brothers Matthias and William Gale were to share "the furniture of the house and plate, except my bed, pillows, blankets and two pairs of sheets, my suit of damask linen, which was my mothers, and my hog-a-back table linen, which I give to my said niece Elizabeth Gale." Niece Elizabeth was to receive "my gold watch, clothes and rest and residue of my goods and chattels, and I make her sole Executrix." [Elizabeth noted in her will that her sister Isabel had married her husband's uncle Ebenezer Gale and that "this accounts for the difference of designation" regarding Thomas Gale, son of Ebenezer, who was referred to in John's will as his cousin while Elizabeth called him her nephew.]
July 13th. 1720

Mr. Jno. Gale

I rec'd Yors. of 25th Janry. wth. Yor. Accot. of Sales of my 10 hogsheads by the Lucretia, They Yeild me much less than I could have sold them for here had the 5 stemmd gon for London they would have Yeilded me more money Than now the 10 Doth however I consider the Difference marketts so lay no blame at Yor. Door You advise me against sending any any [sic] more to Yor. port & Encourage me to make use of my ballce in Yor. hands wch. By Yor.accot. is 72"17"2 accordingly I have drawn on You payable to Edmund Jennings Esqr. For £70" --" -- wch. I desire You to give honr to at time --
Mr. Ferry's I believe hath paid wt. he calls my ballce to Mr. Perry as for the bad debt, twill be good Fish when It's ketch'd --
You mention the Bristol and the other outport Markts. to be very low, my Stemd at Bristol last Year sold at 10 1/2. how twill Do there this [year] I dont yett know, our last advices from Glasgow tell us Tobo. in holland was advanced two Stivers in the pound whether true or no I cant say I Shall not be further troublesome to You at present but Conclude
Sir Yor. most humble Servt

June the 27th. 1727

Mr. John Gale

Sir -

I do not find I have answered your favour of the 10th of November by Captain Kelsick I am in no doubt of your best Endeavour in the Dispose of my 12 hhds: by the Crown The goodness of the tobacco I am in hopes hath Carried it of at the Top of your market Yor: Countryman Bowman taking his leave of me this day I thought it proper to give you the trouble of this Line wishing you all Imaginable prosperity I am

Sir, Yor: most humble Servt:

I am yet in want of a Gardner & Should be obliged to you if you can procure one for me per Captain Bowman.

July the. 26th. 1727

Mr. John Gale

Sir -

I gave the trouble of a Letter by you [r] Friend Bowman the only occasion of this is to Enclose a Small bill of Exchange lately come to my hand Drawn by William Nicholson of John Gilpin of your port for L4"-"-Which I request your receipt of on my Account or to return under protest to

Sir -
Yor: very humble Servt:

Per Captain Trice

July the 9th: 1728

Mr. John Gale

Sir --
I received yours of the 6th: of October with yor: Account of Sales of my 12 hogsheads per the Crown. which pleases me very well and Seeing you discourage it and no freight offering to your Parts this year I Shall go near to draw for my ballance in your hands in a little time notwithstanding when ever Opportunity offers I Shall Still be desirous of Continuing Correspondency with you. Captain Bowman now at my house gives me this Opportunity. The news of the Country he will best tell you Our Vital Commodity is to be come a very despicable one and yet we have no other way to turn our Labours for our Subsistance I wish you happy & am

Sir --
Yor: most humble Servt:


herein are to two [sic] bills of
Exchange to wit Alexander Christie on James Blair & Company for £45
& John Steptoe on John Zuil for £7"10 which desire your
management of --

Copy Sent to York

Sepr. 2d. 1728

Mr. John Gale

Sir --
In mine by Captain Bowman I gave you an Acct. of my drawing upon you for my balance and Since I have done it to wit to Colonel John Tayloe for £99"10 which I request your payment of at time by his promise the bill was not to be Sent away before the Ship I bought the Slaves out of returned She is not yet gone however it is not amiss to be early in my advice I wish you happy & am

Sir -
Your most humble Servant

Per: Dunlop

July 8. 1729

Mr John Gale

I had the favour of yours by Captain Kelsick which gives me to Understand you had Accepted my bills of Exchange which I drew upon you for the Balance of your Accot: By the Lowness of your Market you discourage me from sending any Tobacco to your Port however I have put 6 hogsheads on board him which in regard he has no Freight in his ship but what is Consigned to himself I have Also Consigned to his disposal Although I must own he gave me the liberty to send it to whom I Pleased not that I have any dislike to your management of my little Affairs that have gone through your hands which you have in All respects given me good Satisfation in and
intend when the times mend if you and I continue among the living to give you the trouble of some more of my business if you are desirous of it. Wishing you all health & happiness
and remaining

your most Obedient humble Servt.
Robert "King" Carter (1663 - 1732), born at Corotoman Plantation, was one of the most prominent men in Lancaster County. He married (1) Judith Armistead of Hesse in Gloucester County in 1688 and (2) Elizabeth Landon Willis in 1701. He had 15 children by his two wives. Carter served two terms as a representative of Sir Thomas Fairfax and his wife Catherine Culpeper Fairfax and during his first term (1702 - 1711) he acquired about 20,000 acres of land in the Rappahannock River region of Virginia, including Nomini Hall, a 6,000-acre plantation acquired in 1709. During his second term (1722 - 1732) he acquired some 110,000 acres in the Northern Neck and additional property west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. At the age of 28 Robert served five consecutive years as a Burgess from Lancaster County. He also served as President of the Governor's Council and acting Governor of Virginia in 1726-27 after the death of Governor Hugh Drysdale. As one of the wealthiest men in the colonies, he earned the nickname of "King" Carter. Robert Carter died on 8/4/1732 and was buried at Christ Church between his two wives. His estate consisted of almost 300,000 acres of land, 1,000 slaves and £10,000 in cash.

IN ENGLAND, THE WILL OF JOHN GALE SR. (1641 - Abt. 1716) of Whitehaven, Cumberland, probated in 1716, mentions FRANCES YATES, Rector of St. Nicholas Parish, Whitehaven, whose son, CHARLES YATES (1728 - 1809), came to Virginia in 1752 and settled in Fredericksburg. In 1773, Yates was appointed as attorney for PETER HOW, one of the Bristol merchants doing business in the colonies that included WILLIAM and MATTHIAS GALE. On 4/15/1773, JOHN GALE, ESQ. of Whitehaven, along with others, were appointed as assignees to act under a commission of Bankruptcy against Peter How, Merchant of Whitehaven.

Two of John Sr.'s sons, MATTHIAS & WILLIAM GALE OF WHITEHAVEN, appear in Fredericksburg VA with "first cousin" JOHN GALE, however the reference as first cousin is somewhat misleading. In early times the word cousin could mean kinsman, close relative, or friend. John Gale Sr. had two brothers but neither had a son named John who lived to adulthood. But there were two other John Gale's who were of age in 1737. One was John Gale (ca. 1710 - 1744) of Somerset County, Maryland, son of Matthias and William Gale's brother George, who would have been a nephew to Matthias and William. The other was Matthias' son John Gale (1716 - 1768). Either of these could have been the "cousin" of William and Matthias.

On 10/4/1737 the town trustees of Fredericksburg assigned to Matthias and William Gale Lot #2 located at the end of Rocky Lane, a cobblestone road leading directly to the Rappahannock River once used to transport loads of tobacco and supplies by wagon to waiting ships. Witnesses were William Wood, John Lewis, William Underwood, Jonathon Clark, and JOHN CHEW (Spotsylvania, Virginia Co. Records, 1721 - 1800, DB C 1734-1742) Chew was descended from John and Sara Gale Bond Chew as follows:

I. JOHN CHEW (Bapt. 12/16/1588, St. Mary and All Saints, Whalley, Lancashire, England - 8/24/1668, York Co., VA), son of JOHN JOHANES CHEW (1552, Lancashire - ??) and ANN BRADDYL, married (1) SARAH GALE BOND (ca. 1590 -1600, Lancashire, England - 1650, York County, VA) at Whalley Parish, Lancashire, around 1610. He first sailed to Jamestown in 1618 and was granted land by Sir John Harvey. He returned to Virginia in 1622 on the
Charitie, said by some to have been owned by Sara's family. Sarah followed with son John Jr. in 1623 on the Seafloure. Other children were born later. John Chew Sr. established a plantation where he resided on Hogg Island and appeared with Sarah on a list of persons living there in 1624 and served as a Burgess for the island from 1623 to 1639. Also during 1624 he acquired a small plot on "backstreet" and put up a house in Newtowne within the confines of James City. In 1636 John Chew received a grant of 1200 acres in York County on the Charles River. He served as a Burgess for York County from 1642 to 1644 and Justice of York from 1634 to 1652. Sarah Gale Chew died ca. 1650 and John executed a deed, recorded in York County, in view of his intended marriage to (2) Mrs. Rachel Constable, also of Chewton Mendip. Rachel was the sister of Anne Constable Lee, wife of immigrant Richard Lee and Rachel's guardian at the time of her marriage. A historical marker at Jamestown National Historic Site notes that John was a merchant and one of the oldest in the Colony. He was associated with other early prominent and wealthy businessmen including George Menifie and Abraham Piersey. [NOTE: The Constable family was closely associated with the family of GEORGE GALE, son of JAMES GALE OF THRINTOFT. [SEE CHAPTER 1] -- [John Chew's baptism date courtesy of Melissa Carter: Register: Baptisms 1538 - 1601, Page 62; LDS Film 1471099)

John and Sarah Gale Chew had children including John Jr. (1616, England - 1672, Flushing, Long Island, N. Y.), head of the New Jersey branch of the family who married (1) Ann Gates (1620 - ??) in 1640 at Higham, Massachusetts, and (2) MARGARET GALE; Nathaniel (1620 - Living 1653); Sarah (?? - ??); Jonathon (1622 - ??); Samuel (1630, Jamestown, Va. - 3/15/1676-77, Ann Arundel Co., Md.); and JOSEPH (1637, Jamestown, Va. - 2/12/1716, Annapolis, Ann Arundel County, Maryland) who was head of the Virginia branch of the family. [Additionally one JOHN CHEW married MARTHA GALE on 5/14/1552 at Whalley Parish, Lancashire, but no connection has been found.]

II. JOSEPH CHEW (1637-41 York Co. VA - 2/12/1715-16) married RUTH LARKIN (1655, Old Rappahannock County, VA - 1728) sometime between 1670 and 1674 and had children, including Larkin Chew of King and Queen, Essex and Spotsylvania Counties in VA.

III. LARKIN CHEW (1675-77 Annapolis, MD - 5/11/1728-29, Spotsylvania Co. VA) married HANNAH ROY (1680, Caroline Co. VA -1734, Spotsylvania Co. VA), daughter of John and Dorothy Buckner Roy of Port Royal, VA, where remains of the Roy house still stand (BELOW). In 1722, Larkin Chew Sr. was a land owner in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, VA, where MATTHEW GALE JR. (Est. 1670s - Living 1705) was living in 1738. In 1764, Larkin Chew Jr. purchased 53 acres, part of the GAYLE TRACT in Spotsylvania, from George Perry of Spotsylvania County and also appears in 1765 in land records of King and Queen County. O8/1/1768, JOHN CHEW is a witness on a land transaction when WILLIAM GALE OF GREAT BRITAIN, MERCHANT, by John Thornton, his attorney in fact, sells Lot No. 2 in the town of Fredericksburg to CHARLES YATES, son of Francis. It is noted as "formerly conveyed by Trustees of sd. Town, as by Deed, Octr. 4, 1737, to Wm. Gale and Matthias Gale. Other witnesses were William Wood, J. Lewis, W. Underwood and Jonathan Clark. Larkin & Hannah had five children including Joseph (died young), Thomas, Ann, Larkin Jr., and John Chew. Larkin was sheriff of Spotsylvania, a "Gentleman Justice" and a vestryman of St. George's Parish. He left a will proved on 4/1/1729.

IV. JOHN CHEW (1704-06, Spotsylvania Co, VA - Betw. 5/11/1755 and 7/6/1756), of St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, VA, married on 1/26/1729 to Mary Beverley, daughter of Captain Harry and Elizabeth Smith Beverley of Newlands, Spotsylvania County. Their daughter Hannah Chew married Captain John Carter ca. 1767. St. George's Parish was home to members of the families of Beverley, Carter, Chew and Gale, among others.
Rappahannock, Lancaster County, Virginia
(The Dairy, Correspondence and Papers of Robert "King" Carter of Virginia, 1701 - 1732)
After John Gale Jr. died childless, his lots at Kingston passed to Matthias and William Gale. In 1731 William appointed his brother-in-law, James Milham of Whitehaven (ca. 1674 - 6/24/1750), as attorney-in-fact to conduct his business in America. In 1743 records of Talbot County reveal that John Gale of Whitehaven (1716 - 1768), a son of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale, gave power of attorney to his cousin Matthias Gale of Maryland, son of Colonel George Gale, to conduct business in Virginia. Also in that year Colonel George Gale's four sons, Matthias, Levin, George and John, were involved in a joint land purchase on St. Michael's River.

On 4/9/1745 William Gale, "merchant of Whitehaven", received a patent for
Fisher's Discovery, 1/5 acre of land at Kingston Landing. When public inspection stations and warehouses were established in 1747, one was on land belonging to William whose 1748 performance bond noted that a prize house for tobacco was already present. Gale was charged with building a wharf 12 feet wide with no less than 3 feet of water alongside at low tide. Another warehouse was built on land owned by Gale's partner, William Wilson, and in 1763 a meeting of the assembly noted that Wilson was to provide storage space for tobacco while Gale was to maintain tobacco packing and handling equipment. Meanwhile, William and Matthias Gale still owned the property at Kingston.

Following the death of Matthias Gale Sr. in 1751 Matthias Gale Jr. (1724 - 1771) came into possession of the Kingston property and in 1764 appointed his representative, Andrew Mein of London, to sell his interests in Virginia and Maryland. When Mein was unsuccessful Matthias Jr. revoked his power of attorney and between 1769 and 1770 appointed his cousin, Levin Gale of Somerset County, Maryland, associate Henry Steele of Dorchester County, Maryland, and his nephew Matthias Gale (1750 - 1794) of London, son of John and Ann Hartley Gale, to act in his behalf and sell his interests in the colonies. Matthias of London sailed to America in August of 1770 but the Talbot property was never sold and the Gales' ownership continued until 1781. On March 1st of that year the Maryland Legislature passed an act under the Articles of Confederation to confiscate all British property in the state. Records of Talbot County show that property belonging to English merchants trading in the Chesapeake region who had stores and factors in the area was sold by the county commissioners under this act. Among those whose property on the Choptank was seized and sold was Mathias Gale (1750 - 1794), partner in the firm of Gale and Ponsonby in London. [Joshua Johnson's Letterbook, 1771 - 1774, containing letters from a merchant in London to his partners in Maryland, refers to a shipment of 2 hogsheads of tobacco consigned to Matthias Gale by Christopher Court and also to the bills of Matthias Gale and Edward Lloyd. (Maryland Hall of Records, Private Accounts, 1507, - ]

No longer owned by the Gales, the Kingston site continued to serve tobacco planters in the district until May of 1796 when the tobacco warehouse was closed by order of the county court. Although Kingston no longer exists as a town, the site known as Kingston Landing still appears on maps and is now a small un-paved public landing on the Choptank at the foot of Kingston Landing Road in Talbot County, Maryland.

IN VIRGINIA, JOHN GALE was named as a headright on 3/23/1664 on a grant of 1464 acres in WESTMORELAND COUNTY to Robert Alexander, John Alexander, Jr. and Christopher Lund. The land was described as being on the south side of Attapin (sic) Creek Dam beginning at a corner tree of George Weading, Daniell White and Miles Phillips, and extending west by south, etc. to the north side of a small run that falls into Appamattocks (sic) Creek, etc. (Westmoreland, VA. Patent Book 5/447). On 10/26/1666 a grant was made to Major John Weire for 3000 acres in OLD RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY on the south side of the Rappahannock River on the southeast point "of a great island" for the transport of 60 persons, including John Gayle (sic). The tract was described as part of 2000 acres granted to Mr. Epaphroditus Lawson (Virginia, Lancaster County, Patent Book 6/159).

Additionally, on 4/23/1688 GEORGE GALE (Living 1664) was named as a headright on a 1000 acre grant to George Bryer and Richard Lawrence on the north side of the Rappahannock River in OLD RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY. Originally granted to Charles Grymes in 1657, the tract was described as being on the north side of the River, southwest at the head of Fleets Creek and on the north side of Rapphanocke Towne. Headrights included Wm. Furmis, Wm. Matter, Fra. Pope, Richard Browne, Edie Kegg, Jno. Teague, George Gale, James Gardiner, Robt. Huston, Joyce Smith, Ann Jordan, Toby Culgy, Jeffry Hewes, Wm. Tix, Jno. Harrold, Rich. Browne, Ed. Loyd, Fra. Jones, Nich. Rice and Eliz. Thomas. [Rappahannock County was divided in 1692 to form Essex and Richmond Counties on either side of the Rappahannock. Part of Essex became Spotsylvania in 1720 and another portion formed Caroline in 1727. The Gales show up in both Spotsylvana and Caroline in the 1730s.]

In what is now Lancaster County, VA, John Gale Jr.'s involvement as a shipper of tobacco in the same area is evidenced by the correspondence of Robert "King" Carter, of
Corrotoman dating from 7/13/1720 to 7/8/1729. Some of John Gale's associates referred to in the letters were Mr. Ferry's (sic), [William Feryes, husband to John's sister Mehetable], and London merchant Micajah Perry. Captain Samuel Bowman was commander of the ship Lucia, mentioned in Carter's diary in June of 1724 and again on 3/4/1726. Richard Kelsick, who appeared on 1/19/1727, was captain of the ship Mazareen. William Nicholson and John Gilpin were business associates.
Ferry Toll Keepers House, Sophia Street, Fredericksburg
In 1752 seven trustees were appointed by the Assembly to govern Port Royal. One of these was CAPTAIN EDWARD DIXON (1703 - ??), an agent for John Younger of Whitehaven and an associate of the Gales. A renowned seaman, Dixon commanded a ship in the service of one Mr. Howe and retired from navigation to settle on Lot #7 in Port Royal where he managed a business credited with exporting two or three cargoes of tobacco annually. He married Sarah Turner, daughter of Thomas Turner, and had two sons. When Thomas Turner died in 1758, Dixon inherited thousands of acres of land in Caroline County and elsewhere. Sarah Turner Dixon died between 1758 and 1759, and Dixon arranged through John Younger for 16 year old Jonathan Boucher to move to Port Royal from St. Bee's School near Whitehaven to serve as a tutor for his sons, Harry and Turner, ages 8 and 10 respectively. Dixon erected a house adjoining his Lot #7 where the tutor lived.

During the years of 1772 to 1777 Dixon served as a vestryman of Mount Church, erected ca. 1747 near Mount Creek, four miles north of Port Royal in St. Mary's Parish. Other vestrymen included James Taylor, Thomas Lomax, John Thornton, John Catlett, Richard Buckner, John Buckner and Gawin Corbin. Ledger accounts kept by Dixon include a document entitled "Subscriptions for the Organ," showing that in June of 1770 a sum of about £210 was raised and paid to MATTHIAS GALE of London. [This would have been Matthias Gale (1750 - 1794), son of John and Ann Hartley Gale -- See below] The parson of the parish selected an organ which was subsequently shipped from England and £2; 9 shillings were paid for "freight of the organ from Norfolk" on 9/17/1771. In November of the same year George and Thomas Catlett were paid £2, 5 shillings for nine days work "setting up the organ at the (Mount) Church." (Fall)

According to the book,
Whitehaven and 18th Century Virginia, more than 52 Whitehaven families owned and sailed ships "through the pirate infested Virginia waters during the first six years of the 18th century." Some of these families included Addison, Benson, Bowman, Clark, Dixon, Eilbeck, Grayson, Kelsick, Lowe, Nicholson, Senhouse, Thompson, Wilson, Woodall, and Younger. "Virginia was still exporting the same raw products and importing the same manufactured goods, so trade couldn't stop. It went on by hook and crook and lots of credit, which would eventually bankrupt the Hows, Kelsicks, and Gales, and many another Whitehaven mercantile family." (Dow)


IX. MATTHIAS GALE, ESQ. (1677- 1751)
, was born to John and Mary Carlisle Gale in 1677. On 5/6/1714 Matthias married DOROTHY PONSONBY (Abt. 1691 - ??) , daughter of John Ponsonby Esq. of Hale Hall, Cumberland, and had children.

Matthias served as Captain of the family-owned vessel
Europe that sailed from Kecoughtan to England on 7/23/1705 with a crew of 12 and no guns. In 1707 Mathias served as captain of the Cumberland, another Gale owned vessel that sailed from Whitehaven to Virginia. Both Matthias and his brother, Lowther Gale, commanded this vessel on different voyages. As masters of ships in the James River both were signers on correspondence to Governor Francis Nicholson in 1705 regarding shipping concerns. The name of Matthias Gale and that of the ship Europe appeared on an "Account of Her Majestys Duty of Liquors and Slaves from the 10th day of December 1710", along with the names of Gawin Corbin and Hancock Custis, both of the Eastern Shore. Matthias Gale's in-laws, the Ponsonbys, were engaged in the convict trade at a time when the English government paid ship owners from £5 to £7 per head to deliver convicts out of England to the colonies and upon arrival the convicts' indentures were sold by the ship's captains for their own profit, so the practice was doubly lucrative.

Dorothy Ponsonby Gale died in 1734 and Matthias in 1751. He was buried on 8/2/1751 in Whitehaven, Cumberland. [Another intermarriage between these two families occurred on 5/26/1775 when Elizabeth (signed Eliza) Gale, widow, married John Ponsonby, attorney at Law of Egremont. Surrogates were Ann Griffith and Samuel Potter. Elizabeth's identity is currently unknown but John Ponsonby and John Gale were mentioned in 1762 in the
Cumberland Chronicle and Whitehaven Public Advertiser, July - August, 1778.]

X. MATTHIAS (1716 - 1717) baptized 3/3/1716 at St. Nicholas Parish but died a year later and was buried on 3/5/1717.
X. JOHN (1717 - buried 4/26/1768) married Ann Hartley (?? - buried 1/11/1775), daughter of Thomas Hartley of Whitehaven.
X. ANNE (C. 8/13/1718 - ??) married Edward Tutman of Whitehaven.
X. MARY (C. 10/1/1719 - 1750) unmarried.
X. ROBERT (C. 2/3/1721 - 1768), baptized on 2/3/1720-21, married in 1760 Mary Senhouse, daughter of Humphrey Senhouse of
Nether Hall, Cumberland, and had several children.
X. MATTHIAS #2 (C. 8/17/1724 - 1771) was baptized on 8/17/1724 at St. Nicholas, Whitehaven, Cumberland. He married Jane Bennett, daughter of Rev. Thomas Bennett, Vicar of St. Gile's, Cripplegate & Rector of St. Luke, Old Street, Middlesex, and his wife Elizabeth.

X. JOHN GALE (1716 - 1768) OF WHITEHAVEN was born in 1716 to Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale. On 7/25/1749 John married ANN HARTLEY, daughter of Thomas Hartley, and had nine children.

John was engaged with his mother's family in the convict trade, and on 5/14/1736 John Gale, mariner of Bristol, was assigned to transport three convicts to the American Colonies. In 1752 John Gale, Thomas Hartley, Edward Tubman, merchants and partners, leased a site on the River Ellen in Maryport from Humphrey Senhouse of
Netherhall for the purpose of setting up an ironworks. He was also mentioned with John Ponsonby in 1762 in the Cumberland Chronicle and Whitehaven Public Advertiser, July - August, 1778.] The two were owners of the ship Sally which was granted a letter of marque (ie. a state licence to sail as a merchantman but capture enemy vessels opportunistically). His identity is not known, however there was a Ponsonby firm in Whitehaven that served as merchants and solicitors. (Letter of marque, courtesy of Tim Gbedemah, UK).

A younger John Ponsonby (ca. 1740 -??) a cousin to the first one, was apprenticed to William Ponsonby of the firm of Ponsonby,, headed at the time by Antony Ponsonby. John Gale was a business associate. The younger gentleman is styled as John Ponsonby, attorney at Law of Egremont, and on 5/26/1775 he married Elizabeth (signed Eliza) Gale, widow. Witnesses were Ann Griffith and Samuel Potter. According to notes and a marriage license courtesy of Tim Gbedemah of the UK, Eliza was Eliza Cropper, and "she could be the widow of John Gale. But some younger widows did revert to maiden names, for example if they had to return to the parental home before re-marriage, so it could be the reverse and she could be a Gale by birth rather than marriage, and a daughter of John Gale." Eliza Gale/Cropper died in 1782, as Eliza Ponsonby, leaving a son and a daughter.

John inherited his father's arms and died on 4/24/1768. He was buried on 4/26/1768 in the Old Chapel. On 9/7/1772, after John's death, Anne Hartley Gale wrote to W. H. Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, asking if the duke could assist in the promotion of one of her sons and stating that he wished to sail again as a third mate but had no friends in the India service who could be of assistance. The son Ann Gale referred to in her letter was probably John, since his descendants settled in India. Ann Hartley Gale died in 1775 and was buried on January 11th of that year.

XI. MATTHIAS (4/5/1750 - 7/17/1794) was probably unmarried as no record of a wife or children was found.
XI. JOHN (9/30/1751 - Buried 7/29/1807) of Vauxhall, Co. Surrey, and St. Petersburg/ Peterborough, married (1) 10/4/1781 Catherine Littledale, daughter of Henry Littledale of Whitehaven, (2) Eleanor Ethelstone, 2/27/1794. Their descendants went to India.
XI. THOMAS (3/30/1753 - ??) was living in 1777 and died unmarried in the East Indies.
XI. ROBERT (5/10/1754 - Buried 1/20/1759)
XI. ISABELLA (Bapt. 2/8/1757 - ??) married on 6/4/1793 to John Monckton Hale, son of John Hale of Kensington.
XI. ANNE (7/3/1758 - 8/5/1815) married on 1/7/1783 to Capt. John Wordsworth.
XI. WILLIAM (Bapt. 10/29/1759 - 1795) was a merchant of St. Petersburgh and London, where he was living in 1781. He died in the West Indies in 1795.
XI. CURWEN (Bapt. 10/13/1761 - 8/30/1816) married Mary (unknown) of London. No mention of children was found. He is mentioned in records of the Virginia Colonial Records Project as Curwen Gale of
Tower Hill in London, Portsmouth. He chartered the ship Iris in 1799 to Virginia and back for 2000 guineas. In 1794 he was listed in Kent's Directory for the cities of London, Westminster, and the Borough of Southwark as Curwen Gale, Ship and Insurance Broker, 34, Great Tower Hill. He appeared again in the 1808 London Directory.
XI. JANE (1765, Vauxhall, England - 7/10/1840, New York, USA) was baptized on 12/24/1765. She married on 10/1/1786 to Col. Archibald Douglas of Midshield, New Brunswick.

XI. MATTHIAS GALE (1750 - 1794) was born on 4/5/1750 to John and Ann Hartley Gale and was baptised the following day. No record of a wife or children was found.

It appears that this Matthias Gale was the individual appointed as Power of Attorney for John Carlyle of Alexandria, VA in 1769 when he was mentioned in Carlyle's correspondence in reference to "Mrs. Washington," the widow of Major Lawrence Washington, who owned 1/12 share in an ironworks. He also spent time in Talbot County, Maryland, where on 3/24/1773 he witnessed the will of Ann Bowman. (Maryland Wills, 39/653) And on 4/3/1773 Matts. (sic) Gale witnessed the will of Peter Comerford of Talbot. (Maryland Wills, 39/283) The Gales, Bowmans and Comerfords were listed as principal inhabitants of Carlisle in 1811 and the families of Edmond and Catharine Bowman were listed as neighbors of Matthias Gale, son of Colonel George Gale, in Accomack County. Also in 1773 Mathias Gale conveyed land to James Barnett (Maryland, Bill of Sale, 20/284) and in 1775 he conveyed land to Hugh Price, Jr. (Maryland, Bill of Sale, 20/491) Records of Talbot County show that lands belonging to English merchants trading in the Chesapeake region, and having their stores and factors in the area, were confiscated and sold by the county commissioners under the Articles of Confederation passed in 1780-81. Among those whose property was seized and sold was Mathias Gale, partner in the firm of Gale and Ponsonby in London, who held land near Kingston, or Kings Town, in Talbot County on the Choptank River.

A merchant, Matthias traded within the English colonies, and in 1767 "Mathias Gale and Negro Adam" appear appear on a tithe list in 1767 for Norfolk County, Virginia, taken by Cornelius Calvert at "Norfolk Borough on the West side of Church Street, beginning on the West side of Lemuel Willoughby's (dec'd) lane and running up Church Street to bounds of said borough." (Wingo, Elizabeth B. & W. Bruce, Norfolk County, Virginia, Tithables, 1766 - 1780)-] An interesting notice appeared in the publication titled
"The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure," published in London. It listed Bankrupts from the "Kentish Gazette" on 5/4/1790 as follows. "John Gale of Princes Street, Lothbury, merchant (co-partner with Matthias Gale of the Bay of Honduras, merchant.)" Based on the date, this reference appears to have been to this Matthias Gale.

According to the St. Nicholas Parish Register in Whitehaven, he died on 7/17/1794 in the West Indies, where he was buried on 8/2/1794.

XI. JOHN GALE (1751 - 1807) MERCHANT OF VAUXHALL, CO. SURREY & ST. PETERSBURG was born to John and Ann Hartley Gale on 9/30/1751 in Vauxhall, Surrey, England. He married (1)CATHERINE LITTLEDALE, daughter of Henry Littledale of Whitehaven, on 10/4/1781. They had a son, John Littledale Gale. Catherine Gale died in 1783, probably in childbirth, and John married (2) ELEANOR ETHELSTONE on 2/27/1794 and had two children, Curwen and Eleanor. John Gale is described in records as a merchant of Vauxhall, Co. Surrey, "and sometime of St. Petersburg." He died and was buried on 7/29/1807. The will of Henry Littledale, dated 4/11/1779, named his children Anne and Catherine.

XII. JOHN LITTLEDALE (4/1/1783, New Broad Street, England - 5/3/1832) married (1) on 2/15/1807 to Rebecca Brandon (1784 - 8/6/1820), daughter of Daniel Brandon of London, and (2) on 10/1/1825 to Isabella, daughter of Col. Archibald Douglas, of Midshield, N.B., and Adderstone, Co. Northumberland and his wife Jane, daughter of John and Ann Hartley Gale of Whitehaven. John and Rebecca Gale had 3 children.
XII. ELEANOR (10/20/1797 - 1825) married on 1/20/1816 to John Smith, of Drongan, Ayrshire, on 1/20/1816 in Calcutta. A record of her passage to the East Indies follows.
"Miss Eleanor Gale, Bond, Passenger, Bengal, Amount of security: £200, Sureties: John Cree, Fenchurch Street, Merchant. Curwen Gale, Tower Hill, Merchant., Authority of Court: 28 Apr 1815 Reference: Z/O/1/8 No. 363" Eleanor died at sea in the Bay of Bengal on 5/29/1825 aboard the
Providence on her way back to Scotland from India.
XII. CURWEN (3/8/1800 - 4/25/1849, Darneeling, East Indies), a Captain in the Bengal Native Infantry, married (1) Clementina Diana Ridges in 1822, (2) Eliza Dutton on 3/7/1827 and (3) Ellen Smith, daughter of James Smith, who he married in May of 1841 and had children, Eleanor Anne Berry Gale (1842 - ??), Caroline - (5/8/1844 - 5/22/1845), Annie Caroline (?? - ??) and Curwen John T(Z)ouch (1846 - 1890).

"Curwen John Zouch Gale was declared bankrupt in London in 1874 and sometime between then and 1881 he travelled to Australia, perhaps for a new start. However, he was arrested in May 1881 and appeared in Sydney's Central Police Court charged with stealing from his employer, which followed on from an earlier charge of forgery by the same employer. Five years later in 1886 he appears in Brisbane in Qld when he marries Julia Georgina Love. He is made Church Warden of the Anglican Church in Sandgate. Curwen and Julia have a son, Herbert Curwen Gale born in November, however in September that same year he is again declared bankrupt when his grocery store "Brisbane Cash Produce and Provision Company" goes bad. He died in 1890 and Julia re-married to Henry George Hodder in 1897." (Courtesy of Charlotte Broun).

XII. JOHN LITTLEDALE GALE (4/1/1783 - 5/3/1832) was born on 4/1/1783 at New Broad Street to John and Catherine Littledale Gale. He married (1) on 2/15/1807 to REBECCA BRANDON (1784 - 8/6/1820), daughter of Daniel Brandon of London, and (2) on 10/1/1825 to Isabella, daughter of Col. Archibald Douglas, of Midshield, N.B., and Adderstone, Co. Northumberland and his wife Jane, daughter of John and Ann Hartley Gale of Whitehaven.

John was a Lt. Col. in the 37th Regiment, Bengal N. I. and died in Simla, India, on 5/3/1832. His memorial stone reads, "Sacred to the Memory of John Littledale Gale, Oietu. Col. 37th Regt: N.L., who departed his life at Simla, 3rd May, 1832. Aged 48 years." There are memorial stones to Rebecca and her children Charles, Edward, and James, at Purneah, Bengal. Rebecca's reads, "Wife of Capt: John Littledale Gale, who departed this life the 6th August, 1820, aged 36 years. Also of Charles, Edward & James, their children." Another monumental inscription to Charles William Gale (12/31/1813 - 5/24/1867), "youngest son of John Littledale Gale, Bengal, N.I. Born 31 December, 1813, died 24 May, 1867," (Howard & Crisp) is at St. James Cemetery, Dover. Children of John and Rebecca Brandon Gale were Charles, Edward and James, but nothing further is known about them.

X. ROBERT GALE (1721 - 1768), son of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale, was baptized 2/3/1721. On 5/13/1760 he married MARY SENHOUSE (?? - after 1777), daughter of Hunphrey Senhouse II and his wife, Mary Fleming, daughter of Sir George Fleming, Bishop of Carlisle. They had six children. Robert Gale, referred to in records as Robert Gale, Esq. of Carlisle and of Boswell's Court, London, died on 10/31/1768 and was buried at St. Bartholomew, near the Exchange, London. His widow lived another 10 years and her death was noted on 6/4/1778 in the Cumberland Chronicle & Whitehaven Public Advisor. "Sun last week at Carlisle, very suddenly: Mrs Gale, sister of Humphrey Senhouse Esq. of Nether Hall, and widow of the late Mr Robert Gale, "eminent merchant in London."
XI. GUSTAVUS GALE (BAPT. 1766 - ??), born to Robert and Mary Senhouse Gale, was baptized on 7/15/1766. He entered Carlisle Grammar School in April of 1773 after his father's death and remained at the school until 1777. His mother died soon afterwards. Gustavus married ELIZABETH BAS and became a schoolmaster.

XII. GUSTAVUS II (1790, Lowestoft - 1867) married Mary Blamire of Kirkandrews on Eden and had several children.
XII. HUMPHREY SENHOUSE GALE (12/25/1793 - ??) was listed on the Register of St. Bees Parish as the son of Gustavus Gale of Whitehaven, Schoolmaster and Elizabeth his wife.

XII. GUSTAVUS GALE II (1790 - 1867) was born to Gustavus and Elizabeth Bas Gale in 1790 at Lowestoft. Like his father he was sent to Carlisle Grammar School in 1798. He kept a commonplace book between 1818 and 1849 that he filled with quotations and his own drawings and watercolors. He married MARY BLAMIRE of Kirkandrews on Eden and had several children.

By 1847 Gustavus and his family were living at
Morton Cottage, so-named since 1827 but formerly known as Kell. Morton Cottage was described as "perhaps one of the most charming to be found near Carlisle, standing as an elevated plateau (135' above sea level), upon a rich sandy subsoil, on the western side of the city, and in consequence, clear of the city smoke and commanding splendid views of the delightful and lovely surrounding country." ( Gustavus appeared as a retired draper on the 1861 census and on the previous census he was listed as a self-supporting proprietor of land and houses. He died in 1867 and was buried at Kirkandrews. His wife Mary died in 1876 at age 78. [An article written about the Gale family by A. R. Davies in the Carlisle Journal in 1928 stated that the actual date of ownership of Morton Cottage by the Gales was unknown. Davies noted that the last family member had died there in 1914 and that the family had lived in the house for 83 years. Consequently, the Gales would have purchased the property around 1831. Sometime after the death of this family member the property was sold for £4,600 to Michael Young of Currock House, a horse trainer and dealer.]

XIII. GUSTAVUS III. (1836 - 1853) died at St. Bees School at age 17.
XIII. LYDIA (?? - 1862) died young.
XIII. MARY (?? - ??)
XIII. MARGARET (?? - ??)
XIII. JOHANNA (?? - ??)
XIII. HANNAH (?? - ??) -
[The latter four daughters all died unmarried at
Morton Cottage between 1898 and 1914.]
IX. MATTHIAS GALE, JR. (1724 - 1771) OF LONDON & HONDURAS, the fourth son of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale, was baptized on 8/17/1724 at St. Nicholas Parish, Whitehaven. On 11/6/1755 at Edmonton Parish, St. Catherine Cree Church, Middlesex, Matthias married JANE BENNETT, daughter of Rev. Thomas Bennett, D.D., vicar of St. Giles's, Cripplegate, and his wife Elizabeth. Their marriage bond was dated 11/3/1755. They had one daughter, Jane, who married her cousin, Wilson Gale. It appears that Jane Bennett Gale died following her daughter's birth, since no further information was found for her.

Matthias Jr. was a mariner and was likely the London merchant listed in 1759 as the owner of the ship
Sally. He was also referenced in Burke's Family Records as Matthias Gale of London and Honduras. Englishmen began arriving in British Honduras in 1638 and used the region as a source for logwood, a tree used to make wool dye. The Spanish destroyed the British Colonies in 1717, 1730, 1755, and 1779 before being defeated in 1798. In 1973 British Honduras became Belize and today there is a Gales Point, a home site for pre-Colonial loggers, near the Manatee River there.
Map showing Catgill Hall, Catgill Wood, and Low Mill
Courtesy of Sarah Reveley
ISABELLA GALE CURWEN inherited the Catterlen Hall estate from her aunt, Susanna Richmond. Originally the seat of the Vaulx/Vaux family from the reigns of the Norman Kings to the end of the reign of King Henry III, its pele tower dates to the mid-15th century. During the 16th century a hall and kitchen were added. An addition to the tower was built by Rowland Vaux in 1577 as indicated by an inscription over the principal doorway on the east side.

John Vaux of
Catterlen died without male issue in 1642, leaving the manor to his daughter Mabel Vaux Richmond and her husband, Christopher Richmond, Esq. of nearby Highhead Castle. Carved over the doorway is a shield with the combined arms of Richmond and Vaux, dated 1652 with the motto "Deu vivente juvante." Two large chimneypieces bear the initials of Christopher and Mabel Richmond, the letter 'R' raised above the letter 'C' on the left and the letter 'M' on the right. In a practice common during the Stuart period, the initials were joined with a true lovers knot and the Rose of Richmond, a symbol of the family, surmounted a V-shaped heart. The carving was inscribed with the date 1657. Christopher and Mabel Richmond had two daughters, Margaret who married William Gale and was the mother of Isabella Gale Curwen, and Susanna who died unmarried and left Catterlan Hall to Isabella, who was known at the time of her death in 1776 as Isabella of Catterlan. John Christian Curwen, Esq. of Workington Hall, became the next owner of Catterlan Hall and later sold it to the Duke of Norfolk. The present structure has been converted into a farm house.
IX. WILLIAM GALE, ESQUIRE (1693 - 1773) was born to John and Mary Carlisle Gale in 1693 at Whitehaven, Cumberland, England. On 4/16/1727 he married MARGARET RICHMOND (1689 - 9/25/1759), daughter of Christopher and Isabella Reynoldson Richmond of High Head Castle and of Catterlen, descended from the family of John Richmond of Highhead Castle and his wife Margaret Lowther, daughter of Hugh Lowther, Esq. of Lowther, Westmoreland. They had two children.

William Gale built a Georgian style home in Whitehaven in 1733 and lived there until his death. The building is described as the town's earliest surviving large house with its ground floor still intact. It has large reception rooms and still retains the original pitch pine paneling of the 1680s and plaster ceilings adorned with intricately carved cornices. An unusual feature is the secret spiral staircase for servants to use so that residents of the home are not disturbed. There is also a well-preserved barrel vaulted cellar for storing tobacco and rum. At the rear of the house is a courtyard that was originally the location of Gale's tobacco warehouse and counting house.
In 1778 Henry and Isabella Gale Curwen's daughter, also named ISABELLA GALE CURWEN, married her cousin and guardian, JOHN CHRISTIAN (1754 - 1829) of Ewanrigg Hall, and had children including Henry, who inherited Ewanrigg Hall, William, Edward, John, Bridget who married Charles Walker Esq. Christiana-Frances, and Curwen Curwen.

Christian, a a knight of the shire for Cumberland, assumed the name and arms of Curwen, along with the family's substantial estate. He became the next owner of
Workington Hall and during his ownership the manor underwent a number of renovations. It was held by the family until about 1929 when it was vacated. Now a ruin, it is the site of Shakespearian plays and for the annual Curwen Fair.

Isabella Gale Curwen was the first love of her husband's first cousin, Fletcher Christian, of
HMS Bounty. Their connection begins with intermarriages illustrated below beginning with first cousins Robert Gale, who married Mary Senhouse, and Isabella Gale who married Henry Curwen.
I. John Gale (1641 - will, 1716)
m. Mary Carlisle
II. Matthias Gale (1677 - 1751)
m. Dorothy Ponsonby
III. *Robert Gale (1721 - 1768)
m. Mary Senhouse,
daughter of Humphrey II & Mary Fleming Senhouse & grand-daughter of *Humphrey Senhouse I & Eleanor Kirby.*
II. William Gale (1693 - 1773)
m. Margaret Richmond
III. * Isabella Gale (1728 - 1776)
m. Henry Curwen
IV. **Isabella Gale Curwen
(1765 - 1820)
m. John Christian (1754 - 1829)
*I. Humphrey Senhouse I
m. Eleanor Kirby*
II. Bridget Senhouse (?? - 1749)
m. John Christian (1688 - 1745)
III. John Christian (1719 - 1767)
m. Jane Curwen
IV. John Christian (1754 - 1829)
m. ** Isabella Gale Curwen (1765 - 1820)
III. Charles Christian (1729 - 1768)
m. Ann Dixon
IV. Fletcher Christian (1764 - 1793)
IN THE SENHOUSE FAMILY, Mary Senhouse Gale's aunt was Bridget Senhouse (?? - 1749) who married JOHN CHRISTIAN (1688 - 1745). Their son, John Christian (1719 - 1767), married JANE CURWEN (?? - 1776), the daughter of Eldred Curwen of Workington Hall, and was the father of John Christian (1754 - 1829) who married Isabella Gale Curwen.

Another son, Charles Christian (1729 - 1768), married Ann Dixon, daughter of Jacob Dixon of
Moreland Close. Their son was Fletcher Christian (9/25/1764 - 9/23//1793, Pitcairn Island), who served as Master's Mate aboard the Bounty under Captain William Bligh. After instigating the mutiny against Bligh, Fletcher and his followers settled at Pitcairn where Fletcher married his Tahitian lover, Maimiti (?? - 9/19/1841) on 6/16/1789. Some say he died on the island where he was buried while others maintain that he came back to his homeland and later fled to an unknown destination. Fletcher Christian's first love was Isabella Gale Curwen (10/3/1765 - 4/18/1820), daughter of Henry and Isabella Gale Curwen .
WORKINGTON HALL, SEAT OF THE CURWEN FAMILY, lies in the market town and seaport of Workington at the mouth of the River Derwent in Cumberland. Licensed in 1379 by Richard II to Sir Gilbert de Culwen (sic) and now just a ruin, Workington Hall is located in Curwen Park on the eastern outskirts of the town and remains as the earliest surviving building. In 1568 Sir Henry Curwen, who represented Cumberland in parliament during of the reign of Edward VI and Elizabeth I, granted asylum at Workington Hall to Mary, Queen of Scots, who had fled from Scotland before her imprisonment and final execution. The property was inherited by HENRY CURWEN, ESQ. (1730 - 12/1778) and ISABELLA GALE CURWEN (above).
Workington Hall, Cumberland
(, Lost Heritage -
Demolished Country Houses of England)
Workington Hall Ruin, Cumberland
Photo by Simon Lendingham)
X. JOHN GALE, ESQ. (1729-1814), born on 2/24/1729 to William and Margaret Richmond Gale, was baptized on 2/24/1730 at St. Nicholas Parish in Whitehaven. His sister, Isabella, married Henry Curwen of Workington. On 7/7/1752 John married SARAH "SALLY" WILSON (1728 - 1774), daughter and co-heir of Christopher Wilson Esq. (1689 - 1773) of Bardsea Hall, Urswick, Lancaster, and his wife, Margaret Bradyll, daughter of John Bradyll of Conishead Priory. They had five children, all baptized at St. Nicholas.

BARDSEA HALL, located 3 miles south-southeast of Ulverston on property dating to before the Norman Conquest, appears as "Barrretsiege" in the Domesday Book of 1085. Inherited by John Gale through his wife, Sarah Wilson, it has been described as an ancient building with terraced gardens and gravel walks resembling a Swiss chateau. Grape vines bearing "excellent fruit"once grew in the crevices of the rocks. On a hill to the north-west is a triangular domed building called the Bardsea Monument, also referred to as the Gale Monument [now located on the Ulverston Golf Course]. It was constructed in 1792 as a memorial to property owner William Braddyll and his relatives Sarah, John and Jane Gale and Christopher Wilson. A prominent local landmark, the sides of the Grade II Listed, triangular monument face the original homes of family members including the Wilsons of Bardsea Hall, the Braddylls of Conishead Priory and the Gales of Whitehaven. The structure, a mausoleum for family members, once had urns in the arches on each the three sides.
John Gale served as High Sheriff of Cumberland around 1759 and appeared in records there as John Gale of Cleator Hall. The Manor of Cleator belonged to the priory of St. Bees as early as 1315 and is located in west Cumberland, bounded on the east by St. Bees. During the invasion of Cumberland by Robert the Bruce Cleator Hall was burned and the monastery of St. Bees was plundered by Scottish troops. Another of John's properties in Cumberland was High Head Castle, owned by his mother's family. When Margaret Richmond Gale died in 1759 High Head passed to John since Margaret was the only one of five sisters to have surviving male issue.
Highhead Castle ruin, Ivegill, Penrith © Simon Ledingham
and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons license
High Head Castle, Pre-1956
High Head Castle,located in Dalston Parish at Ivegill, is situated on the banks of the Ive River between Penrith and Carlisle in the Lake District of Cumberland. Built on land originally occupied by the Kings Castle in the Forest of Inglewood, its earliest mention was in 1272. Described in 2007 as one of the most significant castles in Cumbria, High Head is "...a medieval square pele tower within a curtain wall ... extended around 1550 for the Richmond family. Only its western wing remains, with its unmistakable straight headed mullioned windows with round-arched lights under hood moulds." Attached to the southwest corner of this wing is the basement of a square tower with evidence of 14th century work…"The façade, of 1744-8 is eleven bays long, with a pedimented three-bay centre, and a walled front garden with coupled Ionic columns. This work was done for H. Richmond Brougham" and possibly incorporated the earlier structure. (

In the 1790s High Head was owned by John Richmond, Esq., and Henry Richmond Brougham who was descended from the Richmonds on his mother's side. In 1795 High Head passed to John Gale, Esq., of Whitehaven, executor of Henry Richmond Brougham, Esq. A chapel on the property dates to 1682. Following Gale's death in 1814 the property was occupied by tenants and passed to John's son, Wilson Braddyll, Esq. of Conishead Priory.
High Head Castle Ruin, Images of Britain, Photo by Gordon Furness
An article entitled "High Head Castle" written by Alan Hunter of the Eden District Council Planning Department gives this romantic description of the site. "Largely destroyed by fire in 1956 and now little more than a shell, it still, nevertheless, manages to evoke an unforgettable sense of place. Perilously perched over 100 ft. above the deeply incised River Lye, with water racing noisily over flat rocks in a dank and noisy gorge, the site is now half-buried amidst its 24 acres of overgrown gardens and terraced grounds…" (

There are extant letters dated from 1764 to 1774 from John Gale, alternately referred to as "of Bardsea, Lancashire," "Pall Mall, London," and "Whitehaven, Cumberland,"written to William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland. They indicate that John Gale of Bardsea was the same John Gale who was listed in records of Spotsylvania County, Virginia, in 1773 as "John Gayle of Whitehaven, merchant, and Sarah, his wife." (Catalogue of Papers of William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland) Other letters to the Duke are from John's wife Sarah Gale, Ann Gale [Ann Hartley Gale, wife of John's first cousin, also named John Gale], Peter Gale [probably the son of Elisha and Elizabeth Crisp Gale], and Matt Gale of London. John's correspondence mentioned associates including Mr. Curwen, Col. Wilson, Sir James Lowther, Lord George Cavendish, and Mr. William Nicholson, among others.

During the mid-1700s Bristol merchants doing business in the colonies included William and Matthias Gale, John Younger, and Peter How. Between 1762 and 1765 How partnered with Charles Wood at
Low Mill Forge near Matthias Gale's home, Catgill Hall. Records show that How paid the land tax for Low Mill but later became bankrupt and on 4/15/1773 John Gale Esquire, John Lewthwaite, and Robert Wilkinson, Gentlemen, all of Whitehaven, were appointed as assignees of the Commissioners to act under a commission of Bankruptcy against Peter How of Whitehaven. Charles Yates of Fredericksburg,Virginia, was given Power of Attorney. Witnesses were Richard Fletcher and George Spencer. How and the bankruptcy are mentioned on 7/21/1764 when John Gale, of Bardsea, Lancashire, wrote and informed the Duke that How offered to pay his creditors in full in equal payments over eight years. On 1/7/1765 Gale wrote again mentioning How's "vile conduct" at a public meeting of the creditors. On 1/2/1768 the Duke received a letter from Matt Gale in London regarding How's bankruptcy and proposing a meeting.

On 1/4/1765 John Gale and John Lewthwaite wrote acknowledging receipt of the Duke's letters and stated that if Matthias Gale required the Duke's assistance they would repay him with interest. On 3/29/1765 John wrote as John Gale of
Pall Mall, London, and from 8/14/1766 to 2/19/1768 he wrote as John Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, on a variety of matters. In a letter dated 10/18/1767 he added a post script noting Mrs Gale's desire to see the Duchess and on 1/1/1768 he informed the Duke that Sir James Lowther [identified later as the Duke's "greatest enemy] had been granted the Forest of Inglewood and congratulated the Duke on the duchess's pregnancy. He later acknowledged the birth of a son. On 3/15/1768 John wrote from Penrith, Cumberland, but his letters from 7/3/1768 to 7/17/1772 were from Whitehaven.

On 9/14/1769 Mrs. Sarah Gale wrote from Whitehaven, Cumberland, and stated that her husband was in bed with a fever, but had asked her to acknowledge receipt of the Duke's letter. Several business matters were also discussed. On 10/17/1769 John wrote to the Duke and stated that he had been confined for six weeks by fever followed by gout and could not meet with Lord Cavendish. On 7/17/1772 John referred to the Duke's intention to purchase
Millom Castle and stated that Sir James Lowther had recently been to view the estate. On 4/4/1774 Peter Gale wrote from Whitehaven, Cumberland acknowledging a plan put to the Duke by Sir James Lowther to prevent the ensuing election at Carlisle and commented that he did not think the county would be able to interfere with the election.

Sarah Wilson Gale died on 10/10/1774 and was buried on 10/15/1774 at St. Mary the Virgin and St. Michael, Urswick, Lancashire, England. John died on 10/19/1814 at age 87. His will appointed Thomas Wright and Frederick Hodgson of Covent Garden, London, and Thomas Milner, Attorney at Ulverston, as trustees of his estate to be held in trust for his son, Wilson Gale Braddyll of

XI. WILSON (Baptized 2/24/1756 - 11/19/1818) of
Conishead Priory married his cousin Jane Gale, daughter and heir of Matthias Gale of Catgill House, Cumberland, at St. Mary-le-Bone on 1/29/1776. Wilson Gale assumed the name and arms of Braddyll when his his first cousin once removed, Thomas Braddyll, died childless in 1776 and gave his estate, Conishead Priory, to Wilson.
XI. WILLIAM (Baptized 11/4/1758 - ??) died at school in Birmingham, England.
XI. HENRY RICHMOND (Baptized 12/20/1760 - 2/3/1814), of
Bardsea Hall, on 11/9/1785 at Aldingham married Sarah Baldwyn, youngest daughter of the Rev. Roger Baldwyn and his wife Margaret, 2nd daughter and co-heiress of Christopher Wilson of Bardsea Hall.
XI. MARGARET (Baptized 5/26/1757 - 8/24/1831) married on 7/25/1785 at St. James' Westminster to Richard Greaves Townley of Co. Cambridge.
XI. SARAH (Baptized on 5/25/1759 - 1830) married on 11/22/1784 at St. Mary, Ulverstone, Lancashire to George Bigland (5/5/1750 - 1830) of
Bigland Hall, Cumberland.
Wilson & Jane Gale-Braddyll
XI. WILSON GALE-BRADDYLL ESQ. (1756 - 1818-19) was born to John and Sarah Wilson Gale, was baptized on 2/24/1756 at St. Nicholas Church, Whitehaven. His siblings were also baptized there. Wilson registered at Oxford College on 10/27/1773 at age 17. On 1/29/1776 at St. Mary-le-Bone in London he married his cousin JANE GALE (1756 - 1819), daughter and sole heiress of Mathias and Jane Bennett Gale of Catgill Hall, Cumberland. Wilson and Jane Gale Braddyll had eight children.

Wilson Gale, Esq. assumed the name and arms of Braddyll by Royal Warrant dated 8/15/1776 at the death of Thomas Braddyll, his first cousin once removed, in that year. He is referred to in records as Wilson Gale of
Braddyll, Portfield and Conishead Priory. This branch of the family used the combined arms of Gale, Richmond and Braddyll. [See J. F. Curwen's Pedigree comprehending the descents of the Families of Braddyl of Brockholes, Dodding of Dodding Green, and Gale of Whitehaven.] He was a member of Parliament for Lancaster in 1780 and for Carlisle 1790 - 96, Colonel of the 3rd Royal Lancashire or Prince Regent's Own Regiment of Militia and Groom of the Bedchamber to King George III.

Wilson inherited
Burneside Hall, part of the Manor of Burnside, Westmoreland, from his grandfather, Christopher Wilson. The property later passed to Wilson's cousin Thomas Braddyll of Conishead whose family held it until 1842. Burneside Hall is a 14th century fortified manor house with a ruined tower and curtain wall. It was altered in the 17th and 18th centuries and a gatehouse added in the 16th century.
Kirklington Hall, home of Rear Admiral Frank Sotheron & his wife Jane Gale
TWO PROPERTIES, KIRKLINGTON HALL ( in Nottinghamshire, England, and CLONTARF CASTLE ( in Dublin, Ireland, were one home to two of Wilson and Jane Gale's daughters, Jane and Henrietta.
Clontarf Castle, Dublin, seat of the Vernon Family
Burnside Hall Ruin showing gatehouse (right photo)
(Photographs courtesy Matthew Emmott,
Conishead Priory, founded 1160, later owned by Wilson Gale-Braddyll (
A family portrait of Wilson and Jane Gale and their son Thomas was painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1788-89. A portrait of Wilson Gale was reproduced as a mezzotint by A. N. Sanders in 1865 and is in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery. Another engraving of Thomas Gale Braddyll was done by J. Grozer in 1785. Jane Gale sat several times for portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds and one portrait, completed in 1789, was exhibited at the Royal Academy. Engravings of Reynold's images of Jane were made by S. Cousins, R.A. in 1848, J. W. Chapman in 1893, C. Wattner in 1894, and W. J. Edwards in 1863. The latter engraving, a mezzotint, is also in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery.

Wilson Gale-Braddyll died on 11/19/1818, and his only son, Colonel Thomas Wilson Richmond-Gale-Braddyll, D.L., J.P. inherited his estate, including
Consishead, along with substantial debt. A year later Jane Gale-Braddyll died at Hampton Court and her obituary was published on 11/6/1819. Wilson was buried beneath the chancel of Urswick Church where a tablet in the chancel was inscribed in honor of members of the Braddyll's of Portfield and the Gale and Wilson families. "To the memory of Christopher Wilson Esq. of Bardsea Hall who departed this life the 15th day of November, 1773, aged 84 years." Also of "Sarah, his daughter and wife of John Gale of Whitehaven, Esq., who died the 10th of October, 1774, aged 46, Mary, wife of above named Christopher Wilson, daughter of J. Brady, of Brady, Blockhead, Port field and Salisbury Hall and Monished Prior in this county, Esq. who died 4/1781, aged 85 years," and "John Gale of High Head Castle and Cleator Hall, Co. of Cumberland, Burnside Hall, Co. of Westmoreland; and Halls well, Co. of Durham, Esq., (husband of the above mentioned Sara) who died 19th October, 1814, age 87."

ARMS OF WILSON GALE-BRADDYLL (1756 - 1818) - ARMS: Argent on an escutcheon between three saltires Azure, an anchor in bend of the field. CREST & MOTTO: Unknown

XII. THOMAS WILSON RICHMOND-GALE-BRADDYLL, D.L., J.P. (11/14/1778 - 1862) married on 8/6/1803 Frances Chester, 4th daughter of Charles Bagot Chester of Chicheley, Bucks, in 1803.
XII. JANE (1779 - 1841) married Rear-Admiral Frank Sotheron (1765 - 1839), of Darrington and
Kirklington Hall, Nottinghamshire, whose first wife was Caroline-Matilda Barker. No children were born to the second marriage.
XII. MARGARET (?? - ??) married Gordon Forbes, Esq., but died in 1807.
XII. CHARLOTTE (?? - ??) died at B
igland Hall on 12/22/1811.
XII. HENRIETTA (Living 1808) married in 1808 to George Vernon, Esq. (?? - 1822) who was seated at
Clontarf Castle, built in 1837 for a member of his family. A castle has stood on the site since 1172 and was once a property of the Knights Templar until it was lost during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
XII. HARRIOTT, GEORGIANA, SARAH: All died in infancy, dates unknown.
Lieutenant General Henry Richmond Gale
Bardsea Hall, Unknown Artist
VIII. EBENEZER GALE (?? - 1729) was born to John and Elizabeth Ghiver Gale, and married Isabella Tickell, daughter of Thomas Tickell, at St. Bees Parish in Whitehaven. A staunch Anglican, Ebenezer was one of the first churchwardens of the "Old Chapel" after its rebuilding in 1693. A merchant, builder, and ship-owner he was active in the affairs of Whitehaven and in 1694-95 was named as an equal shareholder and managing partner in the rope trade with John Lowther, Mr. Addison, Mrs. Mary Addison, Mr. Lows, Mr. Kelsick, and Mrs. Tubman. A letter from William Gilpin to Sir John Lowther dated 2/2/1697-8 stated that Elisha Gale, Ebenezer's brother, and his brother-in-law William Ferryes were also interested in becoming partners.

In 1696 William Gilpin wrote to John Lowther,
Mr. John and Eb. Gale (I hear) have contracted with workmen about building a cross in the market place. I desire to know whether it be with your privity, for they say nothing of it to me. King Street no. 38, Jacob Milner is tenant of a parcel of ground which bty the express condition of the admittance was to have been built 27 years ago, but remains not only unbuilt and was hitherto, but is a dunghill. I advised the father, Isaac Milner, (who lives in town) to put his son in mind to build it. The return I met withal has been ill language. Eb. Gale (who must always have his oar in) has been applied to (I perceive) by the Milners, and has undertaken their protection... There is one...Milner a young tradesman in London who, though he is not tenant, pretends some interest, and has been stired up by E. G. when at London… (Hainsworth)

Ebenezer Gale died on 4/5/1729 and was buried at St. Nicholas Parish, Whitehaven, Cumberland.

IX. JOHN (Christened 6/24/1688 - 7/5/1688)
IX. THOMAS (Christened 12/4/1690 - ??) married an unknown woman and had children Ebenezer (Bapt. 11/23/1723), Thomas (Bapt. 8/5/1726), Charles (Bapt. 6/8/1731 - ??), Mary (Bapt. 7/9/1735 - ??)
IX. EBENEZER (Christened 2/28/1692 - ??)
IX. MARY (Christened 2/2/1695 but died in infancy)
IX. ELIZABETH (Living 1729) named in the will of John Gale Jr., dated 1726, proved 1729, as Ebenezer's daughter.

VIII. ELISHA GALE (?? - 1739-40) was born to John and Elizabeth Ghiver Gale. He married ELIZABETH CRISP, daughter of Peter Crisp, "gentleman", at St. Nicholas Parish, Whitehaven, and had children.

Elisha was owner and master of the pink
Crowne, weighing 134 tons and equipped to carry a crew of 14. In July of 1689 the ship was at Hoylake transporting 36 horses and 50 men to the army in Ireland. During the mid-1690s privateers were a threat to shipping. William Gilpin wrote, "Since our late losses here the Crown (sic) mounted 6 small guns, and has supplied herself with some small arms; and I believe if wee knew where to be supplied with more guns, some others would follow the example…" (Hainsworth) In 1691-92 the Crowne transported Irish Jacobites to France and while in Brest Elisha and his crew loaded the vessel with French goods for Whitehaven. They were seized by a man-of-war on return and taken to Kinsale where the ship's cargo was confiscated. After an appeal to the Navy Board the vessel and goods were restored to Elisha. On 3/30/1703 the Crowne was in port on the Rappahannock River and on 12/12/1716 she sailed with a cargo of tar, boards, walnut logs and staves. Elisha, listed as master of the Crowne in 1716, 1717, and 1720, was also part-owner of the ship Edgar, in partnership with William Feryes and William Tyson of Whitehaven, and had a share in the ship Kent. In 1715 Elisha was listed as master of the Restoration at Jamaica.

A Presbyterian, Elisha was one of five residents who collected subscriptions and were empowered to build a "house or chapel in a decent manner" to be used by Presbyterian Dissenters including Elizabeth Gale, Roger Anderton, Mary Addison, Hen. Palmer, William Atkinson, Wm. Feryes, John Chapelow, John Shepherd, Thomas Monk, Nathaniel Massar, Richard Scott, and others.

Elisha Gale died on 3/7/1739 and was buried at St. Nicholas, Whitehaven. His will, written on 11/15/1737 and probated on 10/17/1740, named his sons Peter and Joseph as executors. He left his wife Elizabeth all of his real and personal property for life, and at her death it was to go to son Joseph Gale. This property included his dwelling house,
Old Hall, with all granaries, cellars, kilns, mill, garden, stables and outhouses held from Sir John Lowther, and his half-share in the houses and storehouses on Tickel's Lane. His son Peter was given all his freehold houses, shops, cellars, penthouses, etc. fronting the marketplace. Elisha's household goods and furniture were to be equally divided among his sons, Joseph and Peter, and his wife Elizabeth was to have his table linens. His daughter Jane, wife of Joseph Taylor, was given one shilling.

IX. CRISP (ca. 10/29/1688 in St. Bees Parish - ??) married John Heslop on 1/1/1704.
IX. WILLIAM (7/12/1696, St. Bees Parish - 1723), Surgeon and Apothecary of Whitehaven, died intestate and on 9/13/1723 the administration of his estate was given to his father Elisha. His uncle Ebenezer certified the death and his brother Peter signed the inventory of his estate, valued at £136.
IX. JANE (Christened 8/29/1698, St. Nicholas Parish - ??) married Joseph Taylor.
IX. PETER (Christened 9/19-22/1699 at "Meeting House, Whitehaven" - ??) married (UNKNOWN) and had children.
IX. ELIZABETH (Christened 6/1702 at "Meeting House in Whitehaven" - ??)
IX. ELISHA, JR. (?? - 1724), mariner of Whitehaven, died intestate and on 4/17/1724 the administration of his estate was given to his father. His uncle Ebenezer Gale certified his death and signed the inventory taken by Clement Nicholson and James Milham. The inventory included a share of the ship
Crown and a share in the ship Kent.
IX. JOSEPH (Est. 1680s - 1700s - ??) was mentioned in his father's will.

IX. PETER GALE (Christened 9/19-22/1699 at "Meeting House in Whitehaven" - 6/1767) was the son of Elisha and Elizabeth Crisp Gale. A merchant in Whitehaven, he married (1) BRIDGET PONSONBY (?? - 10/1765) and had a daughter, Bridget, who married Samuel Martin. Bridget's ancestry included HENRY PONSONBY (ca. 1580, Hiale Hall, Cumberland - 1622) who married Dorothea Sandys; their son JOHN PONSONBY (Bapt. 10/12/1609, Haile Baptismal Register - 1678, Bessborough, Kilkenny, Ireland) Colonel of Horse in Oliver Cromwell's Army, who married Dorothy Brisco; their son JOHN PONSONBY (1638 - 1708), governor of St. Bees Grammar School and High Sheriff of Cumberland, who married Anne Copley; and their son JOHN PONSONBY (1678 - 1745) Isabella Patrickson Ponsonby, Bridget's parents.

X. BRIDGET (?? - Before 12/12/1791) married at St. James, Whitehaven, to SAMUEL MARTIN (ca. 1729 - 3/3/1800) on 8/29/1754. Samuel was a tobacco merchant of Whitehaven, Drumcondra, Co. Dublin, and Caroline County, Virginia. His parents were Colonel John Martin, a Burgess for Caroline County during the 1730s who held an estate of 2,700 acres in Caroline, and his wife Martha Burwell, daughter of Colonel Lewis Burwell of
Fairfield, member of the Council of Gloucester County, VA. Samuel and Bridget Martin had three children. George Martin (12/1756 - 1818, Dublin) became a lawyer and was admitted to Lincoln's Inn on 4/23/1776. He was heavily involved in the administration of the family estate in Virginia. On 5/26/1787 he married his first cousin, Mary Breton, daughter of Michael Harvey and Agnes Martin Breton, at Marylebone Parish Church. Peter Martin (1/1759 - ??) married (Unknown) from Tortola, British Virgin Islands. He was living without children in 1799. Bridget Martin (5/1755 - ??) of Liverpool married attorney John Colquitt of Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, at St. James, Whitehaven, on 4/10/1774. Bridget died and Samuel married (2) Frances Spedding, daughter of the Rector of St. James, Whitehaven. [SEE CHAPTER 6, JAMES GALE OF WESTMORELAND PARISH, JAMAICA]

MARY GALE (1683 - 1683) was born and died in 1683. Her baptism was recorded in the register of St. Bee's Parish as "Mary, daughter of John Gaile of Whitton". According to correspondence with the Whitehaven Record, they believe that Whitton is an abbreviated version of Whitehaven.
THOMAS GALE, Surveyor of Customs 1718 and in partnership with Thomas Lutwidge from 1719.
WILLIAM GALE of Northallerton: daughter Susanna, Bapt. 3/29/1688; daughter Ann, Bapt. 9/9/1694.
WILLIAM GAILE of Northallerton: daughter Elizabeth, Buried 12/5/1689; son Marke, Bapt. 7/9/1691; son William, Bapt. 5/6/1697; daughter Elizabeth, Buried 12/21/1697

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XI. HENRY RICHMOND GALE (Bapt. 1760 - 2/3/1814) was born to John and Sarah Wilson Gale and was baptized on 12/20/1760 at St. Nicholas. On 11/9/1785 at Aldingham, he married SARAH BALDWYN, youngest daughter of the Rev. Roger Baldwyn and his wife Margaret, and had children.

Henry Richmond Gale served as a Lieutenant General in the British Army, Colonel of the Lancashire Militia, and fought with England during the American Revolution. He made his home at
Bardsea Hall where he died on 2/3/1814. His descendant, Brigadier-General Henry Richmond Gale, C.M.G., R.E. (1866 - 1930) sold the estate in 1918 and went to live in Vancouver, British Columbia. Bardsea Hall was demolished in 1927 and today the park surrounding the site is now a golf course. A triangular "folly" remains on the hill with its sides facing the original homes of the three branches of the family: The Wilsons of Bardsea Hall, the Braddylls of Conishead Priory and the Gales of Whitehaven. (
[Portrait source:]

XII. JOHN (8/22/1787 - ??) Did he immigrate to the Colonies?
XII. WILLIAM (10/2/1788 - 11/30/1865) married Cecilia Isabella Losh (?? - 9/29/1866), daughter of James Losh, Esq. in April of 1820. They had a son Henry Richmond Hoghton Gale.
XII. WILLIAM RICHARD (12/28/1790 - )
XII. MARGARET ELIZABETH (10/3/1786 - ??)
Old Stone Stair, Sophia Street
Urswick Church & Interior, Photo, Matthew Emmott
Gale Monument, dating from 1816 - 1903, Photo, Peter Rivington
MARY SENHOUSE GALE'S FATHER was Humphrey Senhouse II (1706 - 1770) of Netherhall, Cumberland, a lineal descendant of King Edward I. Her mother was Mary Fleming, daughter of Sir George Fleming, Bishop of Carlisle. Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey Senhouse I (?? - 1738), Sheriff of Cumberland during the reign of King George I, and his wife, Eleanor Kirby of Netherhall. Also of this family was John Senhouse (?? - 1604) of Ellenborough who married Anne, sister of Dorothy Ponsonby Gale. Bridget Senhouse, Mary Senhouse Gale's aunt and daughter of Humphrey Senhouse I of Nether Hall, married John Christian of Cumberland. [See the Gale, Senhouse, Christian, Curwen Families, below]

XI. ROBERT (Bapt. 2/15/1761 - died in infancy)
XI. HUMPHREY (Bapt. 11/20/1762 - 1766) died at age 4 and was buried on 3/9/1766.
XI. ROBERT (2) (Bapt. 10/31/1763 - died young)
XI. GUSTAVUS (Bapt. 7/15/1766 - ??) married Elizabeth Bas and had four sons, Gustavus, William, Robert & Humphrey Senhouse Gale, who all died without children.
XI. MARY (Bapt. 12/5/1764 - ??) died unmarried.
XI. JOHANNA (Bapt. 7/12/1768 - ??) married on 4/28/1792 to Rev. Fergus Graham (?? - 3/26/1829), rector of Arthuret, Kirk Andrew, Cumberland.
As a merchant, William owned several ships. In 1732 he sold the ship James and Thomas to the father of Roger Atkinson who moved from Whitehaven to Petersburg, Virginia, in 1750 and became active in the tobacco trade. In 1742 records of the port of Oxford, Maryland, list William Gale "of Whitehaven" as owner of the Brigant Curwen, named for his son-in-law, Henry Curwen. On 7/8/1743 William was named as the owner of record for the ship Fredericksburg, a 10 ton vessel carrying no guns that was built on a Virginia plantation and registered in Williamsburg. On 5/16/1744 the same vessel entered the port of Rappahannock with a cargo of six Negroes. Bond was given in Barbados in 1744 and master of the ship was James Monkhouse. Between 1759 and 1763 William's name again appears as owner of the Brigant Curwen on records of the Port of Oxford, Maryland. He also owned the ship John and Bella, the latter obviously named for his children, John Gale and Isabella Gale Curwen.

In 1745 William Gale, "merchant of Whitehaven", received a patent for
Fisher's Discovery, 1/5 acre of land at Kingston, Talbot County, Maryland. Also in 1745 he granted power of attorney to James Milham, husband of his sister, Elizabeth Gale. In 1748 and again in 1750 and 1765 he appointed Samuel Bowman of Whitehaven as attorney-in-fact to manage his affairs in Maryland. From 1753 to 1761 he appears in several land transactions involving Thomas Porter, James Chap, Wm. Harren, and Wm. Waring. He was named on 5/21/1751 when payments were made from the account of Major Thomas Nevett to William and other merchants of London. On 6/11/1762 the inventory of Ann Sims, deceased, of Dorchester Co., Maryland mentioned appraisers John Harris and William Alford and creditors Rutter Lawrence and Samuel Bowman for William Gale. The administrator was Nathan Manship.

William apppeared in Maryland in 1763 when the Maryland Provincial Assembly passed an act to establish a tobacco warehouse at Kingston in Talbot County on lots owned by William Gale and William Wilson. On 7/18/1763, William Gale of Whitehaven sued John Wormley (sic) to recover damages. [NOTE: WILLIAM GAILE (1672 - ??) was brought to the Virginia Colony on 12/14/1685 by Ralph Wormeley as a 13 year old servant to his wife Katherine, making his birth year 1672. In 1707 both the Gayle and Wormeley families were living in Gloucester County]. On 2/14/1765 William Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland County, Great Britain, Merchant, granted power of attorney to John Thornton of Fredericksburg, Esq. Witnesses were Andw. Green, Joseph Nicholson, Thomas Hodgson, and Isaac Sakeld. Finally, on 3/28/1771 William Gale, merchant of Whitehaven, purchased 100 acres in Culpeper County from Benjamin and Elizabeth Cave of Brumfield Parish in Culpeper. (Dorman, Culpeper County Deeds, Vol. Five, 1769 - 1772)

William's wife Margaret Gale died on 9/25/1759 at age 70 and was buried at "Old Chapel" in Whitehaven on 9/27/1759. William followed on 5/9/1774. His obituary noted that he was about 80 years of age and a monumental inscription at St. Nicholas Church noted his age as 81. The monuments for William and Margaret Richmond Gale were erected at St. Nicholas by their children, John Gale and Isabella Gale Curwen. William's reads, "Mr. William Gale departed this life May the 9th 1774 in the 81st year of his age. Margaret, his wife, died 25 September 1759 in the 70th year of her age. In whose memory this plain monument is erected by their son Jno. Gale & Daughter Isabella Curwen."

X. JOHN (2/24/1729 - 10/19/1814) was baptized on 2/24/1730 at St.Nicholas Parish. He married Sarah Wilson (?? - 10/10/1774) daughter and co-heir of Christopher Wilson of Bardsea Hall.
X. ISABELLA (10/14/1728 - 12/15/1776) was baptized 10/17/1728 at St. Nicholas Parish. She married Henry Curwen, Esq. of
Workington, the family home in Cumberland. He represented the city of Carlisle in the House of Commons of Parliament in 1762 and Cumberland in 1768. His obituary appeared in The Cumberland Chronicle and Whitehaven Public Advertiser, July - August 1778. The first article was written on June 25th.

Last Tue: Henry Curwen Esq. died at Workington Hall ... a Gentleman highly esteemed and sincerely regretted; he filled the different stations of husband, father, and friend, with that degree of perfection which does honour to the human heart, and in him the poor have lost a consumate and sympathizing benefactor. He married Miss Isabella Gale (daughter of the late William Gale, Esq.; of Queen-street [Whitehaven]) who died about 18 months ago. He was elected Member of Parliament for the City of Carlisle in the year 1761, and for this County in the year 1768. He has left an only daughter, about thirteen years of age." (

Last Sat: the remains of Henry Curwen, Esq. of Workington-Hall were interred in the family vault in Workington church, attended by a very great concourse of people. The following Gentlemen supported the pall, viz. Humphrey Senhouse, Esq; Robert Watters, Esq; John Spedding, Esq; John Senhouse, Esq; Thomas Hartley, Esq; James Craik, Esq; Mr. Peter Gale, and Mr. John Ponsonby.
In 1665 a 99 year lease of the property known as Old Hall was granted to John [the elder] and Elizabeth Gale at £11 per annum by Sir John Lowther (1642 - 1705), Lord of the Manor of Whitehaven and St. Bees. Formerly the residence of the Wybergh family and of Sir Christopher Lowther, it was located on a plot of land bounded by Poe Street and Swing-pump Lane south of the Market Hall. On a town plan of 1699 after the elder Gale's death, the triangular plot # 17 included a stable, barn, tithe-barn, horse mill, and gardens on the western side of the road that stretched to the foot of the hill. A grant in 1686 for Sir John states that it is made "for and in consideration of the good and faithful service of the said John Gale." The property was granted or sold at various times to both John Gale the Elder and his son, John.

In the adjacent etching, the market place is to the right. South of that and to the left are two warehouses and buildings thought to be stables. Behind these is a house with gardens at the rear extending up the hill. John Sr.'s brothers, Elisha and Ebenezer, owned property to the northwest of
Old Hall and on 2/14/1694 Lowther granted land to Elisha Gale, a staunch churchman, in order to establish a chapel.

When John Gale died in 1680 his sons quarreled about the subdivision of the property, and to please John Gale Sr., who was already in his service, Lowther granted to him and his heirs the reversion of the premises, after the expiration of the 99 year lease, for 1,000 years. (Whitehaven Town Book, Old Town nos. 17, 18, 19) On 4/26/1768, at the death of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale's son John, properties including
Old Hall, Cleater Hall and Catgill Hall were sold out of the family.
Looking toward Gales Fell, Lake District, Cumberland
St. Bees/St. Bega's Priory, Entry Door
Matthias died on 10/22/1771 at Catgill House. His will, proved in London in 1772, named executors Simon Draper, John Hunt, Richard Ayton, John Henderson and William Fisher and appointed Matthias Gale of Maryland to act as attorney. Matthias was described as, "late of the Parish of St. John Hackney, County of Middlesex, late of London, Merchant." (Will copy, State Archives of Maryland, Box G, Folder 9) Matthias Gale, Esq. was buried in the churchyard at Hackney.

X. JANE (1756 - 1819) married her cousin, Wilson Gale (Bapt. 2/24/1756 - 11/19/1818) of Conishead Priory, at St. Mary-le-Bone on 1/29/1776. Their son was Thomas Richmond-Gale-Braddyll.

IX. LOWTHER GALE (EST. 1683- 1735), named for his father's employer, Sir John Lowther, was born to John and Mary Carlisle Gale in Whitehaven about 1683. A letter written by his father to Sir John Lowther on 7/18/1694 stated that Lowther was about 11 years old. He followed his brothers' footsteps and became a mariner and in 1707 was mentioned in Colonial records as master of the ship Seaflower. When he was in his late twenties, Lowther became his family's candidate for entering the slave trade. And in the summer of 1710 he was commissioned as master of the Nancy Galley of London. The ship sailed for the Guinea Coast under the auspices of Peter Hollander, a leading slave trade merchant, but was taken by an enemy privateer in Marchof 1711 under Lowther's command.

Lowther was also a ship builder, and one of his brother John's deeds to two adjacent lots on the north side of the Choptank River in Talbot County, Maryland, mentioned "Captain Lowther Gale building the ship
Cumberland nearby. The Cumberland , owned by one Nicholas Gale of Whitehaven, was listed in the port records of Whitehaven on 11/24/1712-13 with Lowther Gale as master.

Lowther died at sea on a trading voyage. His will, written 3/25/1714, named his brothers, John and Matthias, as executors. Probate was granted on 10/13/1735 to Matthias Gale, the surviving Executor. His father, John Gale, was to receive the yearly interest or profit on 100 pounds for life, and his brother, John Gale, Jr. was to received the yearly interest or profit on the rest of his estate. After the death of his father, his portion was to be equally divided between the four sons of his brother George Gale, deceased. His youngest sister Susannah Marshall, was to receive 5 pounds at the death of their father. The rest of his estate was to be divided into five parts, 1/5 to brother John Gale; 1/5 to brother Matthias Gale; 1 /5 to brother William Gale; and 1/5 to be equally divided between sisters Elizabeth Milham and Mary Grayson; 1/5 to be divided equally between the four sons of his brother George Gale. Executors were to be his brothers John Gale and Matthias Gale.
XII. WILLIAM GALE, ESQ. (1788 - 1865) was born on 10/2/1788 to Henry Richmond and Sarah Baldwyn Gale. In April of 1820 he married CECILIA ISABELLA LOSH, daughter of James Losh, Esq., Recorder of Newcastle, and had a son, Henry Richmond Houghton Gale. William Gale, Esq. was able to purchase Bardsea Hall and later made additions to the property. He was Justice of the Peace and High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1847 and died on 11/30/1865.

XIII. HENRY RICHMOND HOUGHTON (6/6/1830 - ??) served in the Crimea, retired from the army with the rank of Captain in 1861 and married Emma, daughter of Thomas Sneyd of Sidbury Manor in Devon in 1862. His son, Brigadier General Henry Richmond Gale served during World War I, after which he and his family settled in British Columbia and Bardsea Hall was sold out of the family.
XIII. BALDWIN (1832 - ??)]
XIII. JAMES (3/19/1834 - ??)
XIII. CECILIA (?? - ??)
XIII. SARAH (?? - ??)
XIII. FRANCES (?? - ??)
Around 1127 Ranulph de Bardsey (sic) witnessed the grant of land by Goddard de Boyvill to Ewan, first Abbot of Furness. Roger de Bardsey granted a portion of the land to Furness Abbey and in 1202 his son William released a disputed acre to the Prior of St. John of Jerusalem. This land was suggested as the site of the later Bardsea Hall. Christopher Bardsey (?? - Abt. 1529) was in possession of Bardsey Hall in 1508 when a dispute over the land arose with the Abbot of Furness. Christopher's son, Nicholas Bardsey, had no male issue so the manor passed Nicholas' daughter Dorothy and her husband James Anderton, a Justice of the Peace during the reign of James 1. The Anderton family suffered religious persecution, having their estates seized and sold by Oliver Cromwell. However, James' third son, also named James, recovered Bardsea Hall and the Anderton family, then insolvent following the elder James' death, retired there in 1683. The property passed to James Anderton's brother Christopher, the last male of the line, and was inherited by his sister, Mary Anderton, who sold it to Lord Molyneaux. At Molyneaux's death the estate was sold for £4,500 to one Sam Kilner who died intestate and insolvent in 1730. His father, John Kilner, attempted to purchase the property but relinquished his claim to allow Christopher Wilson, Esq. to buy Bardsea Hall in 1732 after his marriage to Margaret Bradyll, daughter of John Bradyll of Conishead Priory in January of 1727.

Christopher Wilson, Esq. made his fortune as a Captain in the East India Company and was a significant benefactor to URSWICK CHURCH. At his death he was buried beneath the chancel of the church, one of the oldest in England to have had continuous worship. Artifacts found on the site and portions of the masonry indicate a church here dating to the Romano-British period. Also found at the church was a cross, dated to about the 7th century, and a fragment of another cross built into the chancel wall indicting a Christian presence during the Viking period. In 1759 one of the gallery pews was referred to as the Gale pew and today there is a memorial plaque above a door in the church inscribed with the names of Christopher and Margaret Wilson, their daughter Sarah and her husband, John Gale, who were also benefactors.
Gale Monument, Ulverston
KIRKLINGTON HALL, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, was the residence of Jane Gale and her husband Rear-Admiral Frank Sotheron (1765 - 1839), of Darrington, a member of Parliament for that county. In 1801 he commanded H.M.S. Latona and in 1803-05 was commander of H. M. S. Excellent. At the death of Sotheron's first wife he married Jane ca. 1813 at Hampton, Middlesex. There were no children born to them. Both Frank and Jane Sotheron were buried at Darrington. \

IN DUBLIN was home to Henrietta Gale and her husband George Vernon, Esq., whose ancesteor, John Vernon, Quatertermaster General of Cromwell's army, acquired it in 1649. The Vernons held the castle for some 300 years until it was sold out of the family in 1933. A castle has been on the site since 1172 and most recently the building has served as a hotel.

XII. THOMAS WILSON RICHMOND-GALE-BRADDYLL, D.L., J.P. (1778 - 1862), the only son of Wilson and Jane Gale, was born 11/14/1778. He had seven sisters. On 8/6/1803 he married Frances Chester, 4th daughter of Charles Bagot Chester of Chicheley, Bucks, and had children. Thomas had an artistic talent, and an example of his work, St. George and the Dragon, was published in 1805 by Hannah Humphrey. The hand-colored etching was a design for an equestrian statue from the original in Windsor Castle engraved by James Gillray (1756 - 1815). In 1810 Thomas was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Coldstream Guards and in 1821 served as High Sheriff of Lancashire.

Thomas inherited
Consihead Priory from his father and in 1821 began building the present structure. Said to be one of the finest manor houses in the North of England, it was constructed over a 15 year period from 1821 to 1836 at a cost of £140,000 in the English Gothic style with features of other compatible styles, large rooms and elaborate oak carvings. Thomas also inherited properties owned by his grandfather, John Gale of Cleator Hall, including the manor of Highhead and Highhead Castle Farm, Nook Farm, Moate Uldale Farm in Cumberland and Must Hill Farm and Redman tenement in Westmoreland. Named in documents were Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron, member of Parliament, Miss Frances Braddyll, Richard Greaves Townley, Reverend William Gale Townley, Edward Stanley Bagot, Richmund (sic) Gale Braddyll, Thomas Richmond Gale Braddyll, Margaret Frederica Braddyll, Sarah Jane Braddyll and Clarence Braddyll. Unfortunately,Thomas was unable to complete work on Consihead Priory due to lack of funds and became bankrupt. He was forced to sell much of his property including Cleator Hall, sold in 1842, and Conishead Priory, sold to Henry William Askew, Esq. in 1851. Thomas Wilson Richmond-Gale-Braddyll died in 1862.

QUARTERLY: FIRST/BRADDYLL: Ar. A cross lozengy vert, over all a bend chequy erm. and azure; SECOND/GALE: Ar. On a fesse az. charged with an anchor between two lions' heads or, between three saltires of the second; THIRD/RICHMOND: Gu, two bars gemeiles (sic) and a chief or; FOURTH/VAUX: ar. A fesse chequy or and gu. between three carbs (sic) sa. CREST: BRADDYLL: A badger pass. Or; GALE: A unicorn's head ppr. charged with two palets az. Over all an anchor or. MOTTO: Cognoies toy mesme.
[In 1819 Thomas assumed by Royal License the arms of Braddyll quartering Gale, Richmond and Vaux. According to Papworth and Morant, a version was, Arg. A cross lozengy vert over all a bend chequy erm. and az.] A version of the
Bardsea Hall arms still exists (2008) in a window at Conishead Priory.]

EDWARD STANLEY BAGOT (1/19/1807 - ??)
CLARENCE BRADDYLL (1/14/1813 - ??)
FRANCES BRADDYLL (1/12//1803 - ??)
LOUISA MARY (1810 - ??)
SARAH JANE (7/17/1811).
Nether Hall, Cumberland
The Gale family set their sights on doing business in the Colonies in the 1600s and are found in records in both Maryland and Virginia. By 1668 JOHN GALE OF WHITEHAVEN owned property on the Choptank River at KINGSTOWNE, MARYLAND, also called Kingston, Kingston Landing and Kings Town, that was later inherited by John Jr., Matthias and William Gale. [Based on the date of 1668, this could have either been the elder John Gale or John Gale Sr., born in 1641.] With changes to county lines Kingston has at times been part of Caroline, Dorchester and Queen Anne's County, but is primarily associated with Talbot. Its history as a tobacco port began in 1683 when "An Act for Advancing the Trade of Tobacco" required all imports and exports after 8/31/1685 to pass through one of at least 31 sites, each providing a warehouse for the storage of tobacco. It was on this basis that Kingston was established.

The location was ideal since water depth was about 30' and the nearly fresh waters at the mouth of King's Creek aided to eliminate the boring worms so hazardous to shipping. The area also provided a site for ship-building. An inventory in 1697of ships and sailors in Maryland listed a pink belonging to Captain Sutton that was built at Kingstowne (sic) by Robert Grayson, whose family had intermarried with the Gales. In 1706 Colonel George Gale of Somerset County, Maryland, brother to John Jr., Matthias and William, purchased land at Kingston from Isaac Martindale. In 1718 John Gale Jr. bought two one acre lots in Talbot County at the landing place in "Kings Town" on the Great Choptank River, one from Walter Trotter and the other from William Parrott, where he maintained tobacco warehouses. The tract was adjacent to where Captain Lowther Gale, another brother, built the ship
THE GALES ALSO APPEAR AT PORT ROYAL IN CAROLINE COUNTY, VA, originally OLD RAPPAHANNOCK COUNTY, an early tobacco port and active trade center on the Rappahannock River below Fredericksburg. Bristol merchants doing business in the county prior to the Revolution included Peter How, Lionel Lyde, and John Younger, all with factors in Port Royal. Other firms with agents in the town included Dunlop & Boyd of Glasgow, Humphrey Bell, Micajah and Richard Perry, Richard Oswald and Jonathan Sydenham and John Hodgson, all of London. John Younger was represented at various times by agents Edward Dixon, William Boulware, William Temple, and George Pitts. Peter How, who was John Younger's brother-in-law, was engaged in business with Younger and John Wilkinson as merchants and co-partners in the manufacture of tobacco and soap.

The area was settled in 1652 when COLONEL JOHN CATLETT (1622 - 1670), his sons Nicholas and Thomas, of Sittingbourne, County Kent, England, and his half brother, Ralph Rowzee/Rowzie, patented 400 acres on the south side of the river. By 1656 John Catlett had acquired several thousand acres on both sides of the Rappahannock and established a fort at the site of the present town. In 1658 Catlett witnessed the will of RICHARD LAWSON and in 1668 he signed a letter with JOHN WEIRE [above] and others in response to a plea by Governor Berkley to rally the district militia to eradicate the Indians. Caroline was established in 1728 from Essex, King and Queen and King William Counties. Over the years boundaries changed, so depending on the period the town was located in the counties of Essex, Caroline, Lancaster and old Rappahannock.

MARTHA THORNTON CATLETT (Abt. 1668, King George Co. - Abt. 1761, Caroline Co.), administrator of the estate of Thomas Catlett (5/1/1669, Hanover Co. - 1739, Caroline Co.), was mentioned in 1740 when Mathias and William Gale, "merchants of Whitehaven," sued her for 35,396 pounds of tobacco. The Gales had themselves appointed to the jury and the matter was settled out of court.
The Catlett House acquired its name from this family, but the first recorded owner was William Buckner whose family held the tract until 1805 when it was listed as part of William Buckner's estate.
JOHN ROY (ca. 1655, England - 1734, King & Queen County, VA) and his wife Dorothy Buckner Roy (Abt. 1655, Port Royal - 1746, Port Royal) acquired a tobacco warehouse that was established by Richard Buckner, of the above family, in 1673. Following Roy's death, Dorothy became the first female in Colonial Virginia to have a chartered warehouse for processing tobacco. In 1731 a "rolling road" was constructed from the Milford area to the Roy warehouse for rolling hogsheads of tobacco down to the docks for loading onto waiting ships. By 1732 a public wharf was in place and a ferry had been established to cross the Rappahannock.

By 1743 Dorothy Buckner Roy had married Charles Smith and that year 60 acres of Smith's property near Roy's warehouse was surveyed for the establishment of the town of Port Royal. Over the years boundaries changed, so depending on the period the town was located in the counties of Essex, Caroline, Lancaster, and old Rappahannock, the four counties on the south side of the Rappahannock River.

Remnants of the Roy house, along with many period buildings, still stand in Port Royal. For a walking tour of the town visit
"PORT ROYAL, VIRGINIA, A Walking Tour of a Hidden Village."
The Roy House, ca. 1730)
Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2010
Members of John's family were members of ST. NICHOLAS' CHURCH, originally built in 1693 to replace a smaller chapel. It has stood on Lowther Street for almost three centuries. The original Catholic Church in Whitehaven, located on the east end of Chapel Street at Lowther Street, was known as the Old Chapel. It can only be assumed that sometime after the 1693 building of St. Nicholas that the burials at Old Chapel churchyard were transferred to the St. Nicholas churchyard.

A third structure, built in 1883, replaced the second but a fire destroyed most of the building in 1971. All that remains of the original structure is the clock tower and the main entry. John Gale was characterized as a "bigoted Anglican" hostile to Whitehaven Dissenters, including his mother Elizabeth and youngest brother Elisha. A memorial to the family is located in the central part of the church. Known as the Washington Memorial Plaque, it is dedicated to Mildred Warner Washington Gale, widow of Lawrence Washington and grandmother to George Washington, who married John's grandson, Colonel George Gale of Whitehaven and Somerset County, Maryland. Mildred Warner Washington Gale is buried in the gardens behind St. Nicholas along with her infant daughter and her female slave, Jane.

In Whitehaven the Gale family was also associated with the church of ST. BEES, or ST. BEGAS, which originated as the 12th century Priory Church of St. Mary and St. Bega and was a Benedictine Priory until its dissolution in 1539 by Henry VIII. The photographs show the present church, a cruciform structure with a central tower constructed on the site of the earlier building, and the imposing Norman west entry through which the Gales would have passed when attending the church. The pre-Conquest carved Beowulf stone showing St. Michael killing a dragon was carved on a lintel between the church and the vicarage.

Wilson also owned properties including Brockhole, Portfield, Samlesbury Hall, Olmotherly in Furness, High Head Castle, Cleator Hall, Catgill Hall, Burneside Hall, and West Hallswell Dalston. He also inherited Thomas Braddyll's estates, including Conishead Priory, located on the Furness peninsula in Cumbria located near Ulverston at Morecambe Bay, known for its immense tide turns. Early in its history the priory was charged with providing guides across the dangerous sand flats between the distant banks of the bay but many lives were lost when tides came in and overtook those crossing the sands. The priory itself was dissolved during the reign of Henry VIII and the manor leased to several owners. The property was later conveyed to John Braddyll, Esq., of Portfield, through his marriage to Sarah Dodding and then to their descendant, Thomas Braddyll.

Another of Wilson's properties was
Conishead Priory, founded by endowment in 1160 as a hospital for lepers and indigent persons by Gabriel de Pennington, Knight. It was converted into a priory soon afterwards and with other endowments served the sick in Furness and the Leper Lodge of St.Leonard's at Kendal. For a number of years it served as a convalescent home for Durham miners but was later converted to a Sanatorium. The grounds encompass 150 acres and extend to Morecombe Bay. A park containing about 16 acres laid out as a garden includes some of the finest trees in the North of England.
Etching showing the area of the Gale properties
St. Nicholas Church, Whitehaven
Scaleby Castle, Seat of William Gilpin (
Milham House, built by Elizabeth Gale's husband, James Milham
Site of Kingston Landing at the curve of the Choptank River
(Photo, Gayle Mandell, 2004)
Catgill Hall, Egremont, 1820s, reproduction courtesy of Sarah Reveley
William Gale's House, 151 Queen St., Whitehaven
Catterlan Hall, Newton Reigny, Penrith (
Ewanrigg Hall, home of John Christian
Moreland Close, Home of Fletcher Christian
Portrait of Wilson, Jane, & son Thomas Richmond Gale, The Fitzwilliam Museum
William Gale, Royal Hussars (
Map of Belize, formerly British Honduras, showing Gale's Point [Lower left of map]
Mr. Brougham presents his respects to the Duke of Portland and with pleasure informs him that Catgill has escaped falling into the hands of the enemy, tho' several of his emissaries were there but Mr. Matthew Gale bought it at 5000 guineas & desired Mr. Brougham to acquaint his grace that it is very much at his service if he is inclined to buy it, but imagines his grace to think as he does that it is in very good hands, and as whatever Reception of interest it brings will now be thrown into his grace's scale he may as well save his money for other purchases.

Mr. Brougham wishes his health and pleasure may be constant attendants at Welbeck, 'till he has the honour of seeing the Duke in Town again.

Thursday, 25th July, 1765

Anthony Bacon's partner, Francklyn (?) was the next best bidder.
Back in England, one of Matthias Gale's properties was Catgill Hall in Egremont, the purchase of which was noted in a letter of 7/25/1765 from H. Brougham to W. H. Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland.
By 1787 Catgill Hall was owned by Wilson Gale Braddyll, husband of Matthias' daughter Jane. In the 1790s and continuing for about 30 years William Mossop farmed the property for Wilson's son, Thomas Richmond Gale-Braddyll, Esq. In 1811 Catgill Hall was the residence of Richard Wordsworth, Esq., Solicitor, and described as being on the right, leaving Egremont, over the river Eben on the route to Cockermouth, Harrington, etc. Richard was the brother of poet William Wordsworth who is said to have written some of his verses in a summer house on the property. In 1829 Joseph Mossop, bacon curer, is listed at Catgill Hall.

According to family tradition, Catgill Hall was lost by the Gales around the 1830s due to debt. In 1841 Messrs. Proctor, Birkbeck, and Batty are listed as estate agents in Lancaster for properties to be sold, namely Catgill Hall, Catgill Hall Farm, Evenside, Low Mill Farm, Cleator Hall, Cleator Hall Farm and The Low Mill (waterflax and tow mill), in parishes of Cleator, Egremont, St Bees and Beckermet. By the mid-1800s the property was in the hands of the Reveley family, who immigrated to Virginin in the 1750s.
Signature & Seal of Matthias Gale -- Courtesy David Gibbins
Matthias was engaged in the tobacco trade with the Colonies as evidenced by a letter from him dated 3/5/1750 to Mr. James Hollyday in London, whose family was related to the Gales in Maryland. Additionally, on 10/24/1765 William Miles mortgaged to Matthias Gale, a London merchant, 400 acres of Heart's Ease, Dixon's Lott, Fortune, 50 acres of Hog Pen Swamp and 35 acres of Chance. Chance and Fortune were sold to Levin Miles on 8/18/1795 by Milcah Gale Chaille, a descendant Matthias' uncle, Colonel George Gale of Somerset County, MD. Matthias was the trusted London agent of Edward Lloyd III (1711 - 1770) of the Wye House in Talbot County, Maryland, where both the Gales and the Lloyds were doing business. He was referred to as Matthias Gale of London and Catgill House in Charles Bardsey's chronicle of Ulverston.

In 1766 "Matt. Gale"appears with others in 1766 on the "Act for the Repeal of the Stamp Act," addressed "To John Hancock Esqr. At Boston, New England." Other signatures included known associates James Buchanan & Co., John Norton, Peter Hodgson, Robert Cary & Co. and Capel & Osgood Hanbury.

Back in England, Matthias also owned property in Workington, near Whitehaven, as evidenced by an indenture on 6/28/1770 between Matthias Gale of London in the County of Middlesex, Merchant, and one John Hasill, mariner. Mathias' signature and seal appear below courtesy of David Gibbins, New York Times bestselling author and a descendant of Matthias' brother, John.
The Catlett House, 1760 (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell 2010)
About 20 feet from Rocky Lane, fronting on Sophia Street which runs parallel to the river, was the Ferry Toll Keepers House, the residence of the keeper of the ferry between the city and the Washington family farm just across the Rappahannock. In 1738 the Gales opened a store, managed by Matthias Gale, on their lot next to the ferry and public wharf. A rudely constructed stone stair leads to the tobacco rolling road at the rear of the house.

While William Gale resided in Whitehaven, he had an active role as a merchant mariner in the colonies. On 7/8/1743 he was listed as the owner of the ship
Fredericksburg, a 10 ton vessel build on a Virginia plantation and registered in Williamsburg. On 6/20/1763 and 7/18/1763 he was mentioned in court records when he filed suit against John Wormley to recover damages. And on 2/14/1765 he granted power of attorney to John Thornton, Esq. of Fredericksburg who on 8/1/1768 conveyed Lot #2 in Fredericksburg to Charles Yates (1728 - 1809), merchant of Fredericksburg and the son of Francis Yates of Whitehaven, Rector of St. Nicholas Church.