Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet
The Gale &Gayle Families
Arms Painted by Charles E. Morrissette,
College of Arms of the Noblesse in Canada, Halifax, Nova Scotia
ca. 1930 for Sally Reed Gayle Whitehurst
(Grandmother of this writer)
WELCOME! This site is devoted to the Gale and Gayle families of GREAT BRITAIN and IRELAND, whose members immigrated to AMERICA and the WEST INDIES. Others families with the surname are included as resources to perhaps provide possible connections.

My own direct ancester is CAPTAIN ROBERT GAYLE (1745 - 1783) of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia, a Revolutionary War soldier whose line is followed in
CHAPTER 10, along with many other families of that area. In the interest of space, the study ends about the time of the American Civil War, though some selected lines have been followed further.

One of the goals of the site is to offer and share information with others researching the surname. The practice of compiling information from many sources leads to clues that can ultimately link family names, and this has occurred in several instances. Since this site is a working study and subject to change based on new information, please
CONTACT ME with any corrections and/or additional information on any line prior to 1865. And please include citiations. Also, please advise if you find broken links.

Meanwhile, I invite you to browse through the chapters listed below in the Contents section to find your family connections. To find a particular name within the chapters, use your find button. [Click in the body of document, click Control and the F key to create a Find box and type in the name you want.] I will gladly answer questions or provide additional information to you. I hope you find the material helpful.

Gale/Gayle Families of Great Britain & Ireland
CHAPTER 1: JAMES GALE (ca. 1445 - 1523) of Thrintoft, Yorkshire
CHAPTER 2: JOHN GALE (CA. 1620 - 1680) the Elder of Whitehaven, Cumberland
CHAPTER 3: WILLIAM GALE (ca. 1490 - 1557), Yeoman of Scruton, Yorkshire
WILLIAM GALE ESQ. (Living 1400s) of Dartmouth, Devonshire, THEOPHILUS GALE OF DEVONSHIRE, NICHOLAS GEALE (?? - 1561) of Berkshire & Hampshire; FRANCIS GALE(?? - 1637) of Sevenoaks, Kent, THE GALES OF BOLEHYDE MANOR, WILTSHIRE
Gale/Gayle Families of the West Indies

Gale/Gayle Families of America

Including Matthew Gayle, the Immigrant, Generations I-III
Generations IV-1X
Robert & Thomas Gayle
Matthias Gayle, George Gayle, John Gale, Philip Hunley Gayle, & Joshua Gayle
Josiah Gayle (1722 - 1794-95)
Matthew Gayle (ca. 1728 - By 1800)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Thanks to everyone who helped with this project, in particular the researchers named in the bibliography who have shared their knowledge and family papers. Special thanks also to the Virginia Historical Society, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, the Maryland Historical Society, the Earl Gregg Swem Library of the College of William and Mary and libraries in Snow Hill, Maryland; Currituck and Perquimans Counties in North Carolina; and in Eastville, Gloucester, Hampton, Mathews, Norfolk, Portsmouth, Richmond and Yorktown, Virginia. In England I would like to thank the staff at the Whitehaven Library and the National Monuments Record, Enquiry and Research Services (Buildings), Kemble Drive, Swindon.

BIBLIOGRAPHIES are included for each section. They are extensive and include sources spanning over 30 years of research.

CHARTS & PROFILES for family groups begin with the EARLIEST KNOWN ANCESTOR as Generation I. Roman numerals continue in sequence for each generation even when members of a family immigrated to other areas. For example Robert Gale, Generation VII, England, had a son John who went to Jamaica and appears as generation VIII, West Indies. Descendants are followed mainly through male lines and profiles of known individuals follow the charts in the same sequence. Also included are individuals with no obvious connections to the other families and AFRICAN AMERICAN FAMILIES with the surname who may or may not have been slaves.

PHOTOGRAPHS with no citation are my own. I have attempted to obtain permission from all sources; however, if you find anything that lacks a citation please let me know.

RESEARCH METHODS: Information was collected from both primary & secondary sources. I have chosen to include family traditions with stated cautions since, in my experience, many traditions contain at least shreds of truth that provide clues for further research. I have also employed critical analysis to draw conclusions when sufficient circumstantial evidence exists. Information has been verified to the greatest extent possible and when questions remain they are stated. In several instances I have simply reported conflicts in hopes that additional evidence will surface.

In the interest of brevity dates appear in the contemporary format with the month appearing first, followed by the day and year, i.e.: 1/7/1700. With regard to the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar, when prior to 1752 the New Year began on Lady Day, March 25th rather than January 1st, dates have been transcribed as found. Names of houses and ships are shown in italics, as are long quotes, while shorter quotes are in parentheses.

It is helpful to remember that the British naming system named the first son for the father's father, second son for the mother's father, third son for the father, fourth son for the father's eldest brother and fifth son for the father's second oldest or mother's oldest brother. The first daughter was named for her mother's mother, second for father's mother, third for her mother, fourth for mother's oldest sister and fifth for mother's second oldest sister or father's oldest sister. However, this does not apply in all cases. During the 1700s and early 1800s, cousin could mean niece or nephew and son-in-law or daughter-in-law could mean a stepson or stepdaughter, i.e. children by law. Illegitimate children took the mother's surname unless acknowledged by the father. All children of slaves belonged to the owner of the female and Negroes were often given the surnames of their owners. Family groups can often be identified by middle names and by the names of individuals associated with them in records.

Chapter 1 - Introduction
THE NAME GALE, GAYLE, GEALE, GAILE, GAIL, and GAEL are said to be simplified versions of the ancient names of GEIL, DE LA JAILLE, LE GAL, GAOLE, DEL GAYLE, DEL GAYLLE, DE GALE. Some with the surname belonged to the landed gentry of England prior to the taking of lands by William the Conqueror in 1085 and may have had their estates confiscated after the Battle of Hastings for their loyalty to King Harold. The name does not appear in the Domesday Book.

In 1285, one WILLIAM LE GAL was listed in the Assize Rolls for Essex. ROBERT LE GALE OF SOMERSET (Living 1300s) was living in the area of Northcory/North Curry Church, Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327 - 1377). The Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells, Volume I, published by the Historic Manuscripts Commission in 1907, included the Custumal of the Tenants of Northcory Church. [Custumal is simply defined as an inventory of revenues paid by tenants to the lord of the manor.] A "Lease indented by John de Carleton dean of Wells and the Chapter to Sir Richard de Acton, Knight, of 14 closes of pasture, each containing five acres, in Haymor in the manor of Northcory between Stathmor and Corymoresmede…" noted that the lands were formerly held by 13 men including Robert le Gale. The notation was dated on St. George's day 28 Edward III.

There are four types of surnames, Patronymic (John's son, or Johnson), Locale (Pond, Forrest), Occupational (Weaver, Potter), and Physical Characteristics (Tallman). The Gale surname is attributed to those who lived by a jail (goal) and others whose name was taken from the Gaelic word gaoll, which means a stranger, or from the Norse word geil, a ravine or narrow pass between hills. The name was also derived from the old English word gal meaning light, pleasant, merry, and fun-loving, or from the old French word gail, meaning gay or joyous. Today the most common usages seem to be GALE, GAYLE and GAIL.

The medieval practice known as heraldry awarded coats-of-arms to identify knights in tournaments and on the battlefield. Arms were granted only to individuals and not to the surname in general; however, versions of the same arms could be used within a family, as with arms inherited by a son or daughter. When this occurred, a variation in the basic arms was introduced. Generally the father's arms are passed to his eldest son, and subsequent sons might also use the arms, differentiated by identifying symbols. For example, by adding a Martlet, a small bird with two feathers in place of legs, the bearer signifies that he is the fourth son of his father. There are separate symbols for up to nine sons. Arms inherited by females were joined with those of her husband in a process called "impaling", whereby elements from the husband's and wife's arms were joined to create a new set of arms.

Heraldry uses a language all its own. Generally speaking, coats-of-arms are comprised of three components, the Arms, the Crest, and the Motto, written in Latin. Colors and symbols used in the arms all have a particular meaning. Certain universal images are used to depict human qualities or to signify other properties of the arms. For example a unicorn's head denotes extreme courage, an anchor colored gold signifies the Christian emblem of hope, and lion's head denotes great dignity, physical strength and valor. Saltaires [crosses on the diagonal] represent revolution and guile and are awarded to those who have "scaled walls of towns." Colors used in arms include azure - blue, argent - silver or white, or - gold or yellow, vert - green, gules - red, sable - black, purpure - purple, sanguine - blood red. Additional details may be found in the books by Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms, published in the mid to late 1800s. Also see the Wikipedia description:

Arms were granted to several members of the Gale family lines. This version was painted in the 1900s by Charles Morrisette of Norfolk, VA for his sister-in-law, Sally Reed Gayle Whitehurst, the grandmother of this writer. Morrisette received a certificate in heraldry from the College of Arms in Canada dated 9/15/1913. Although his source material is unknown, the painting is a variation of arms granted to members of families in Whitehaven, Cumberland, England. It is described as, ARMS: Argent, on a fesse azure, an anchor between two lions heads erased or between three saltires azure. CREST: A unicorn's head between two palets argent. MOTTO: Patientia Vincit [Patience Conquers]

UNKNOWN GALE of "Akmes," most likely a version of Acomb Grange, was listed in Flower's Visitation with arms described as, "Azure, on a fess between three crosses sal fire [saltire] humetfe Argent, as many lions' heads erased of the first.
BARTHOLOMEW GALE OF DEVON (?? - 12/15/1562): ARMS: Azure on a fesse argent, three saltaires of the field (another, gu.) CREST: Unknown. MOTTO: Unknown. [According to Edward Chenery Gale Bartholomew's family was granted arms in Crediton, Devonshire. His son was ROBERT GALE, whose will of 1648 named his son BARTHOLOMEW who was head of the line in America. Citing the Title Registry of Wills of Hennock, Devonshire, Edward Gale identified Bartholomew's brothers as Ambrose (1628 - ??) and Edmund Gale who settled in New England.
BENJAMIN GEALE OF MOUNT GEALE, KILKENNY, IRELAND (Aft. 1781 - Aft. 1841) assumed the name and arms of BRADDY, his mother's family, in 1841: ARMS: Quarterly 1 & 4 - BRADY: ar. A dexter cubit arm in pale spaume'e ppr. Vested gu, and in chief ppr. A mullet sa. 2 & 3 - GEALE: az. on a fess between three saltires or, an anchor sa between two lion's heads erased of the field langued gu. CREST - BRADY: A cherub's head and neck ppr. Between two wings or. CREST - GEALE: An unicorn's head and neck or charged with an anchor sa. MOTTO: Claritate dextra.
CHARLES WILLIAM GALE, Gentleman, Lt, Yorkshire Regiment, only child of CharlesWilliam Gale, Gentleman, of Tirhoot, East Indies, by his wife Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of T. J. Thomas of Saint Arvans, Chepstow, co. Monmouth. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or; CREST: upon a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or between two palets argent; MOTTO: Depressus extollor.
CURWEN JOHN ZOUCH GALE (8/1/1846), Gentleman. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or. Mantling azure and argent.CREST: On a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or, between two palets argent. MOTTO: Depressus extollor.
EDWARD COURTLAND GALE OF NEW ENGLAND: ARMS (From his bookplate, Attributed to Gale of York): Gu a griffin segreant or within a bordure gobonated argent and vert. CREST: A unicorn's head paly of six azure and or, the horns twisted of the second and first (or and azure). MOTTO: Tiens Ta Foy.
HENRY GALE OF JAMAICA (1737 - 1767): ARMS: Azure, on a fess between 3 saltires or, 3 lions' heads erased, gules. CREST & MOTTO: Unknown.
HENRY GALE OF SCRUTON HALL, YORKSHIRE (1744 - 1821): ARMS: Azure on a fesse between three saltaires argent, as many lion's heads erased of the field, langued gu. CREST: Out of a ducal coronet or, a unicorn's head paly of six azure and or, armed gold. MOTTO: Qui semina vertu raccoglia fama. Henry's daughter, HARRIET GALE COORE OF SCRUTON HALL (1789 - 1839) assumed the arms of her father impaled with those of her husband, FOSTER LECHMERE COORE, ESQ. OF SCRUTON HALL: ARMS: Argent, a saltire sa, on a chief of the second ti roe cinquefoils or. CREST: A curlew ppr. MOTTO: Qui semina vertu raccoglia fama.
HENRY RICHMOND HOGHTON GALE, Esquire, J. P. (6/6/1830 - ??), second son of William Gale, Esq., J. P., High Sheriff of co. Lancaster, by his wife Cecilia Isabella, dau. of James Losh, Recorder of Newcastle.Seated at Bardsea Hall, Ulverstone, co. Lancaster. Married 12/10/1862, Emma Sneyd, elder daughter of Thomas Sneyd of Sidbury Manor, Devon. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or. Mantling azure and argent. CREST: On a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or, between two pales argent.
HENRY GALE OF IFIELD (Living 1638): ARMS: On a fess, 3 lions' heads erased, between 3 saltires.
ISAAC GALE OF BULIDGE/BOLEHYDE MANOR, WILTSHIRE (1726 - 1792): Assumed the name and arms of his wife, MICHELL: ARMS: QUARTERLY 1 & 4 - GALE: Azure, a fess argent fretty sable. QUARTERLY 2 & 3 - MICHELL: Sable a lion rampant on an escutcheon of pretence, Oules a chevron or between three swans.
JAMES GALE OF YORKSHIRE (1494 -??): ARMS: Gules a Griffin Ermine rampant, a bordure gobony Argent and vert. (Flowers' Visitation of Yorkshire) - [John Gale of Whitehaven, said todescend from James Gale of Yorkshire, was granted arms similar those of James' brother *Oliver, below.
JAMES GALE, Gentleman (3/19/1834 - ??), fourth son of William Gale, Esq., of Bardsea Hall, J. P., High Sheriff of co. Lancaster 1847, by his wife Cecilia Isabella, dau. of James Losh. Married 9/26/1866 to Emma, dau. of Rev. R. Johnson, Rector of Lavenham, Suffolk. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or. Mantling azure and argent. CREST: On a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or, between two palets argent. MOTTO: Depressus extollor [Having been depressed I am exalted.]
JOANNA GEALE WITHER, DAUGHTER OF THOMAS GEALE OF ALTON, HAMPSHIRE (1646) married William Wither (Bapt. 2/22/16231623 - ??) of Manydown, afterwards their arms were joined and a description appeared in a Wither family history written by Rev. Reginald F. Bigg-Wither. ARMS: Quarterly 1 & 4: WITHER - 2 & 3: MASON: bearing a shield of pretence quarterly 1st and 4th, argent two bars sable in chief, three lion's heads erased of the same, langued gules (GEALE), 2nd and 3rd, sable a boar's head over two upright spear heads argent (LOKER).
JOHN GALE OF WHITEHAVEN, CUMBERLAND: (CA. 1610 - 1680): ARMS: Argent on a fess between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or. CREST: A unicorn's head azure charged with an anchor or, between two pallets argent. MOTTO: Depressus Extoller (Having been depressed, I am exalted.) - [The Gales were associated in Ireland with the Wandesford family and one Anne Wandesford, daughter and sole heiress of John, Earl of Wandesford, married John Butler, Earl of Ormonde, on 2/26/1769. His heir, James Wandesford, also had as his motto, Depressus extoller. Papworth & Morant listed arms for both GALE OF WHITEHAVEN & GALE OF ASHFIELD HALL, Ireland as ARMS: Three saltires arg. on a fesse between three saltires as. An anchor between two lion's heads erased or.]
JOHN, EBENEZER & ELISHA GALE OF WHITEHAVEN: (6/28/1712) Grant of Arms: Argent on a Fess between three saltires Humette Azure, an Anchor between two Lions heads erased Or." CREST: "on a Wreath Or and Azure an Unicorn's head couped Argent charged with two Pallets Blew, Armed and Crined Or, over all an Anchor Gold. ["To be Borne & Used for ever hereafter by them the said John, Ebenezer, & Elisha Gale & the Heirs & other Descendents of their respective Bodies lawfully begotten, with their Due Differences according to the Law of Arms without lett or Interruption." (Howard & Crisp)
JOHN GALE (1637 - 1689) OF ENGLAND & JAMAICA: ARMS: Azure, on a fess between 3 saltires or, 3 lion's heads erased, gules. CREST & MOTTO: Unknown [John Gale's arms, inherited from his father, are a slight variation of the arms given to John Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, indicating a relationship. They were included in the Visitation of Yorkshire in 1563.
X. JOHN GALE, ESQUIRE (1697-98 - 1749-50) OF WITHYWOOD, VERE, JAMAICA: ARMS: Quarterly, 1 and 4, On a fesse between three saltires as many lion's heads erased. 2 and 3, A chevron between three talbots passant. JOHN MARRIED ELIZABETH MORANT: ARMS: Arms: Gules, a fess Lozengy argent and sable, between three talbots rampant or.
JOHN GALE OF BUSHEY PARISH, HERTFORDSHIRE (?? - 1695): ARMS: On a fesse 3 lions heads couped between 3 saltires, impaling party palewise and cheveronwise an escutcheon bearing a man's head couped and garlanded. CREST: Unknown, MOTTO: Unknown. (Partial description from a flagon donated to the parish; British History Online. Parishes: Bushey, A History of the County of Hertford: Volume 2, 1908)
JOHN GALE, ESQ. OF HADLEY (1585 - 1/5/1655, age 70), SON OF WILLIAM: ARMS: Azure on a fesse between three saltires argent, three lions' heads erased of the field, langued gu. CREST: A unicorn's head paly of six argent and or, armed of the last. [SEE ROGER HENRY GALE, ESQ. (1710 - 1768) of Scruton Hall]
JOHN GALE, ESQ. OF CORNWALL: NO DATE: ARMS: Azure, a fesse argent, fretty of the field. CREST: A horse's head erased, bendy wavy of six or and sa. MOTTO: Unknown.
JOHN CHERRY GALE, Gentleman (3/3/1837 - ??) of Surbiton, co. Surrey, formerly of Pandaul and Barrah, Tirhoot, East Indies, eldest son of John Gale, Gentleman, of Pandaul, and of Cheltenham, co. Gloucester, by his first wife Mary, daughter of Marmaduke Stalkartt of Howrah, near Calcutta. Married (1) on 9/16/1864 to Julian Maclaine, daughter of Major Gillian Ross, (2) Kathleen Maud, daughter of Malcolm Neynoe Macleod of Portarlington, Queen's County, Ireland. Children by his first wife: John Ross Gale, Gentleman, (6/24/1869 - ??), Albert Curwen Maclaine Gale, Gentleman (11/18/1871 - ??), Julia Mary, Flora Caroline Gale. Children by his second wife: Maurice John Macleod Gale, Gentleman (5/31/1896 - ??) May Eileen Maud, and Joan Kathleen Gale. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or; CREST: upon a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or between two pallets argent; MOTTO: Depressus extollor.
CAPTAIN JOSEPH GALE OF CONNECTICUT: ARMS: "He beareth Sable within a bordure checkey or and azure; a griffin rampant of the second, by the name of Gale." CREST & MOTTO: Unknown.
MARMADUKE HENRY LITTLEDALE GALE, Gentleman (8/25/1842 - ??) of Dulwich, co. Surrey, formerly of Pandaul, Tirhoot, East Indies, second son of John Gale, Gentleman, of Pandaul, and Cheltenham, co. Gloucester, by his wife Mary, daughter of Marmaduke Stalkartt of Howrah, near Calcutta. Married 3/4/1873 to Anna, daughter of Malcolm Neynoe Macleod of Portarlington, Queen's County, Ireland. Children: Marmaduke Henry Littledale Gale, Gentleman (12/3/1873 - ??), Horace Charles Macleod Gale, Gentleman (4/18/1875 - ??), and Lilian May Gale. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires azure, an anchor between two lions' heads erased or; CREST: upon a wreath of the colours, a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or between two palets argent; MOTTO: Depressus extollor.
*OLIVER GALE (ca. 1470 - ??): ARMS: Azure, on a fess between three saltires or, three lion's heads erased, gules. (Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563-64) - This notation was also found: "ALIBI GALE'S ARMS is 'Azure a fece betw 3 sawterells Argent on the fece 3 lions' heads erased azure.' The Crest: 'On a wrethe Argent and Azure an Unycorne hede paly of 6 Azure & or." (Flowers Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563-64)
PETER GALE (Est. 1803 - 1857): Said to have been the same as the Gales of Whitehaven. ARMS: Three saltires argent on a fess between 3 saltires azure, an anchor between 2 lions heads erased or: Whitehaven & Ashfield. (An Alphabetical Dictionary of Coats of Arms belonging to families in Great Britain and Ireland)
PHILIPPA GALE (Abt. 1709 - ??), DAUGHTER OF LEONARD GALE, ESQ. (CA. 1673 - 1750), IRONMASTER OF CRABBET, WORTH, WIFE OF JAMES CLITHEROW of Boston House, Brentford, Middlesex. On the deaths of her brother Henry and her father in 1750, Philippa inherited the Gale arms, later impaled by the arms of her husband, James Clitherow. ARMS: On an escutcheon of pretence (sic) Az. On a fesse between 3 saltiers (sic) Or, 3 lions heads erased of the field, impaled by the arms of Clitherow.
ROGER HENRY GALE, ESQ. (1710 - 1768) OF SCRUTON HALL: ARMS: Azure on a fesse between three saltaires argent, as many lions' heads erased of the field, langued gu. CREST: Unicorn's head colored gold. MOTTO: Qui semina vertu raccoglia fama. [Who sows virtue gathers fame]
ROBERT FRANCIS GALE OF YORKSHIRE (1525-26 - WILL 1561): ARMS: Azure a fese between 3 sawtrells argent on the fece 3 lionsheads erased Azure. CREST: …on a wrethe Argent and Azure an Unycornehede paly of 6 Argent & or. (Kaner) MOTTO: Unknown. WILLIAM CLAPHAM Robert Francis Gale's father-in-law, had arms: ARMS: Argent, on a bend Azure Six fleurs de lis Or. (Visitation of Yorkshire, 1653-64)
ROBERT GALE OF YORKSHIRE (1556 - 1585): ARMS: An unknown version of his father's arms. In 1584 Robert Gale's arms, and those of other gentlemen of Yorkshire, were painted on the wapentake panels on the frieze of arms in the Great Chamber at Gilling Castle in North Yorkshire, owned by the Fairfax family.
THEOPHILUS GALE OF DEVON (Living 1628 - ??) Vicar of Kingsteignton, Devonshire, married Bridget Walrond. ARMS: According to Devon Notes & Queries, his shield was "Gale impaling Walrond."
THOMAS GALE OF DEVON (Living 1467 - 1478) ARMS OF "MR. GALE:" OF DARTMOUTH: (??) ARMS: Azure, a fess, argent, fretty of the field; CREST: A shankbone and palm branch in saltire ppr. MOTTO: Unknown (Visitation of Devon) According to Thomas Westcote, THOMAS GALE married (UNKNOWN YARD) & (UNKNOWN WHITE). He noted, "Another kind of impaling of Mr. Gale, that had two wives: ARMS OF GILBERT YARD: argent, a chevron, gules, between three water-bougets, sable. ARMS OF (UNKNOWN) WHITE: On bust, gules, a chevron between three roses, argent
THOMAS GALE, D. D. OF YORKSHIRE: (Bapt. 1636 - 1702): ARMS: Azure a fesse between three saltires argent with three lions' heads razed argent on the fesse.
THOMAS RICHMOND-GALE-BRADDYLL OF CONISHEAD PRIORY, LANCASTER: (1776 - 1862): ARMS/QUARTERLY: FIRST/BRADDYLL: ar.a cross lozengy vert, over all a bend chequy erm. and az. SECOND/GALE: Ar. A fesse az. Charged with an anchor between two lion's heads or, between three saltires of the second; THIRD/RICHMOND: Gu. Two bars gemeiles (sp.) and a chief or; FOURTH/VAUX: Ar. A fesse chequy or and gu between three carbs (sp.) sa. CREST: FIRST/BRADDYLL: A badger pass. Or; SECOND/GALE: A unicorn's head ppr. Charged wit two palets az. Over all an anchor or. MOTTO: Cognoies toy mesme. [In 1819 Thomas assumed the arms of Braddyll quartering Gale, Richmond and Vaux. According to Papworth and Morant, a version was, Arg. A cross lozengy vert over all a bend chequy erm. and az.] A version of the Bardsea Hall arms still exists (2008) in a window at Conishead Priory.]
WALTER ANDREW GALE, Esq. (11/9/1855 - ??), fourth son of John Gale, Gentleman, of Piuidaul, India, by his wife Katharine Mary, youngest dau. of Patrick Johnston, Gentlemen, of London. Married 12/4/1877 to Agnes Georgina, eldest daughter of Capt Thomas Edward Gordon. ARMS: Argent, on a fesse between three saltires axure, an anchor betwien two lions' heads erased or. CREST: On a wreath of the colours a unicorn's head couped azure, charged with an anchor or, between two palets argent. MOTTO: Depressus extollor.
WILLIAM GALE, M.A. OF HADLEY (Abt. 1574 - 1614-15): ARMS: Azure on a fesse between 3 saltires argent, as many lion's heads erased of the field - impaling Bragge - a chevron between 3 bulls passant.
WILSON GALE-BRADDYLL (1756 - 1818): ARMS: Argent on an escutcheon between three saltires Azure, an anchor in bend of the field. CREST & MOTTO: Unknown
WILLIAM GEALE-WYBRANTS (1823 - 1/3/1907): Assumed the additional name and arms of Wybrants. ARMS: Quarterly 1 & 4 - WYBRANTS: per pale gu and az. in the dexter side an eagle's leg conjoined at the thigh to a sinister wing ar. And in the sinister a lion pass. Of the last both paleways. ARMS: Quarterly 2 & 3 - GEALE: az. on a fess between three saltires or, an anchor sa. Enclosed by two lion's heads erased of the first. CREST - WYBRANTS: A buck's head erased ppr. Attired or, charged on the neck with a bezant. CREST - GEALE: A unicorn's head erased or, charged on the neck with an anchor sa. MOTTO: Fortis in arduis (Brave in difficulties)
UNKNOWN DE GALEYS/G. GALES OR GALE OF IRELAND: ARMS: Gu. A fesse between two chevrons or. CREST: Unknown. MOTTO: Unknown.
UNKNOWN GEALE, IRELAND: ARMS: Ar. Three stocks of trees couped and eradicated sa. Sprouting anew. CREST: Out of a ducal coronet or, a hand holding a fleur-de-lis ppr.
The hamlet of GAYLE in YORKSHIRE, pictured opposite, is located a mile south of Hawes in Wensleydale. Originally a farming settlement said to have been built on the foundations of a Celtic stronghold, the population grew during the late 1700s and a water-driven cotton mill, one of the oldest in existence, was constructed in 1776 on Gayle Beck. In 1878 the existing mill was converted into a sawmill.

Kirkby Ravensworth, five miles northwest of Richmond in the North Riding of Yorkshire, is located in an area with over 10,000 acres of open moorlands. Portions of the area was held by the Aske family, and in 1534 Richard Bowes and his wife Elizabeth, an Aske heiress, owned the manor. The property was later held by William Wycliffe and was the seat of a branch of that family from 1563 to 1821. Thomas Wycliffe owned the manor and was living there in 1792.

An early description of
Gayle's Hall reads, In the middle of the village a field road leads up to the hall, a building of early 17th-century date, its mullioned windows being blocked or replaced by larger classical windows at the end of the 17th century. In the centre room on the ground floor, which probably formed an entrance hall, but now is cut off by a partition, is some late plaster work on the beam and ceiling consisting of Greek fret design with roses. The south wing of the house is remarkable for the number of small rooms intended for storage of both wine and provisions, and outside the house are two small cellars…Gayles Manor House ["Gayle's Hall"] close to the entrance to the hall, is a neatly built house in the classical style, and had once a pleasure garden with flights of steps and stone borders to the paths and flower beds. It is now a farm with modern additions and alterations, but the garden is being cleared and renewed. (; Parishes: Kirkby Ravensworth, A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1; 1914)

GAYLE'S HALL is on the south side of Middle Street and is described as a two-story fortified house divided into two sections with outbuildings and an attached garden wall. Built of stone in an irregular H-shape plan, its origins are 16th century with early 17th, 18th, and later alterations. The two southeast wings were probably once three stories and nothing visible remains of the original dwelling. A barn, located a short distance northwest of the house, is dated in the early 18th century with an early 19th century addition. It is constructed of coursed rubble, stone slate and corrugated sheet roofing. The 2-story L-shaped plan has a rear wing to the right and five internal bays.

Barn at
Gayle's Hall (
Gayle, photo by Harold Drake, 1/2006
Following is a list of baptisms, christenings, marriages and burials of the families at Grinton.

ALICE GALE of the Parish of Wensley married JOHN BLAND of Grinton on 11/21/1687.
AN (sic) GAYLE married EDWARD FAWCETT on 4/3/1711, both of Grinton.
ANN GALE of Grinton (?? - Buried 1/30/1780)
CHRISTOPHER GAIL (sic) of the Parish of Wensley married Susan Butterfield of Grinton on 1/31/1685.
ELIZABATH GALE of Ridmore (?? - buried 4/19/1743)
ELIZABETH GALE married JOHN DUN on 1/27/1766. Witnesses were William March and John Bowes.
JANE GALE married WILLIAM WILSON on 7/6/1778

FAMILY OF LEONARD GALE (?? - Buried 7/2/1752) married MARGARET HAKEN (?? - buried 7/9/1737) on 11/30/1727.
ELISABETH (Christened 6/22/1746), daughter
JANE (Bapt. 2/1/1749), daughter
JANE (Christened 11/25/17851), daughter
JOHN (Christened 1/15/1748 - Buried 1/12/1750), son. Another entry reads "brought to the church" on 3/12/1748.
MARY (Bapt. 5/29/1743 - buried 9/11/1746), daughter

ALISE (Bapt. 3/5/1769), daughter
JANE (Bapt. 5/19/1764 - ??)
(Photos courtesy of Robert Eckersley)
GALE HOUSE, WHITASIDE MOOR, GRINTON at SWALEDALE, YORKSHIRE, is today just a ruin. Members of the family [written GALE/GAILE/GAILL/GAYLE/GAYLL] were found in the register of the Parish Church of Grinton, St. Andrews.
St. Andrews (,_Yorkshire_Genealogy)
GALE HALL, CUMBERLAND, also known as TOWERWISE, is located 9 miles northeast of Penrith at Melmerby on the River Eden near an old Roman road called Maiden Way. To the northwest lies Inglewood Forest, the site of High Head Castle where John Gale, another member of the Whitehaven Gale family, resided. The original structure was a small 16th century house containing a pele tower that was demolished prior to 1677. Another structure, perhaps containing portions of the earlier dwelling, was built in 1866 on the site and serves as a bed-and-breakfast known as Gale Hall Farm. (
Gale Hall Farm, Cumberland
© Copyright Keith Wright and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
Once the manor of the Gales, Gale Hall once belonged to the Hutton family of Hutton Hall in Penrith, but the Gale family member for whom it was named is unknown. Volume X of the Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society stated, "The petty mesne manor of Gale owed suit and service to the Manor of Melmerby." Melmerby Hall, first mentioned during the reign of Edward II (1307-1327), was seated by the Threlkeld family in 1380. Lancelot and Margaret Bromfleete Threlkeld of the Manor of Melmerby had a daughter Joan who married Sir Brian Stapleton (Abt. 1458 - ??). According to researcher Rosamond Porter, their descendant, Thomasine Stapleton, married Robert Gale (1556 - 1585) around 1578. [Melmerby registers are missing prior to 1700.]

GALE'S END in Knaresborough was mentioned in the will of Jonathan Keighley, linen weaver, dated 5/25/1750. Keighley appointed his wife Mary and daughter Ann as executrixes and bequeathed to Ann his real estate in Knaresborough "where I now live with the close called Gales End, now occupied by Tomas Burnand… Should she die before then, then the same to my wife Mary Keighley." The will mentions Jonathan's sister Susanah Lemmon and his nephews John Patrick, Joseph Patrick, David Keighley, James Keighley and Dennis Keighley. (Knaresborough Wills, Yorkshire)

MANOR OF GAYLES OR GELES, also known as the Manor of Teddington, was probably named for the family of one JOHN GELE who conveyed 100 acres of land in Teddington and Hampton in 1443. John Wether, a farmer, held the manor called Gayles in 1499 and 1512 and was succeeded by farmer Hugh Manning who held the manor of Geles (sic) during the reign of King Henry VIII. In 1607 the manor included lands in Hampton and Twickenham, a portion of which was conveyed to Sir Thomas Gresham, and in 1608 Andrew Norwood conveyed the manor to Thomas Hall. In 1666 it was owned by Robert Smith and was called the manor of Teddington or Gale (sic). The last known mention of Geles was in 1764 when it comprised a farmhouse and about 160 acres owned by Thomas Duncombe.

GALES FARMHOUSE (#285317) in the parish of Peasenhall, Suffolk, is listed as a Grade II building at Peasenhall on Rendham Road. The building is of late 16th or early 17th century origins and the south end of the main portion was rebuilt following a fire in 1970. The two-story L-shaped plan strurcture has an attic and a service wing to the east. It is of timber framing with a plaintiled roof.

The following is a compilation of ships associated with members of the Gale families. Since many vessels had the same name, it is not clear whether multiple references actually refer to the same ship. This is not intended to be a complete list or history of the ships or thier owners and simply represents those found during research.
The Ship Gale, arriving at Halifax - 1752, by J. Franklin Wright
ALBATROSS: 1700s: John A. Gale of Boston was a clerk for Captain Nathan Winship. Gale kept a journal from voyages on the Albatross, a ship in the service of the Winship brothers, merchants of Boston, who were active traders in the Hawaiian Islands during the Colonial era. Gale became a pioneer in the trade in hides between Boston and California.
ADVENTURE: 9/12-20/1715: Shippers by the Adventure of Whitehaven, Mr. William Grayson, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Milham & Co., Thomas Coates, Richard Coates.
BENJAMIN: : 1/19/1769: Roger Gale (Living 1775) was owner of the ship Benjamin of Honduras and partner of Mr. John McKinnon. He was mentioned as an attorney of the Bay of Honduras in the will of Thomas Jackson of Jamaica and New York dated 1/19/1769.
BETSY: From Records of the Port of Roanoke, NC - For the Quarter ending 4/6/1776: "An account of all ships and vessels which have cleared outwards from the Port of Roanoke to the Southern Ports of Europe, Africa and the West Indies," quarter ending 1/5/1775.
6/3/1775: The schooner
Betsy, 35 tons; John Gale, Master; for Barbados; Cargo - 50 lbs. Beef and Pork; 1780 bushels Indian Corn; 434 ½ bushels pease and beans; 94 bbs. Turpentine; 32 M shingles; 40 bbs. Herrings; 5 bbs. Shad; and a quantity of livestock.
2/19/1776: The schooner
Betsy, 35 tons; John Gale, Master; from Cape Nicola Mole. Ballast only.
8/1/1776: (Halifax) Thursday, August 1st, 1776: "Resolved that John Gale or William Calvert be appointed to the Command of the Brigantine
Betsy now lying in Edenton Bay and Laden with a Cargo of Tobacco on the Continental Account and Bound on a Voyage to Europe, and should they both refuse to take the Command of the said Brigantine in that case the Committee of the Town of Edenton be empowered to appoint some person well skilled in the Art of Navigation, and who is a known Friend to the American Independency to the Command of the said Brigantine Betsey."
8/7/1776: (Halifax) Wednesday August 7th 1776: "Capt Hardy Owner of the Brig
Betsey bound on a Voyage to Hamburg on Continental Service having represented to this board that he himself risques the Vessel against the danger of Seas and the barratry of the Master and that (John) Gale and (William) Colvert nominated by this Board as proper Persons to take the Command of her are strangers to him and he apprehends unacquainted with those Seas to which she is bound. Resolved that the former Resolution respecting this matter so far as it relates to Gale and Colvert be rescinded and that the Committee of Edenton to appoint any known Friend of American Independence to the Command of the said Brigg." (Journal of the North Carolina Council of Safety)

3/20/1789: The will of Thomas Williams, Sr. bequeaths the net proceeds of the "Schooner
Betsy's cargo" to his wife and children. Among the executors of the will was Thomas Poole Williams, a son of Thomas Williams, Sr. A witness to the will was Sarah Gale. [Elizabeth Gale, daughter of Matthew and Judith Edwards Gale of Spotsylvania County, VA married Thomas Poole. Another daughter, Sarah Edwards Gale, married a John Deatherage of Stokes County, North Carolina. The will of Thomas Williams, Sr. is recorded in North Carolina. [SEE MATTHEW GAYLE OF GLOUCESTER & SPOTSYLVANIA]
4/2/1792: Camden County, NC: Notice is hereby given to all the creditors of the late John Gale, mariner, of the county aforesaid, that the said John Gale is dead, and that the subscriber, qualified as administrator on the 21st day of Sept. 1791, who requests all those indebted to the said estate, to make payment without delay, and the creditors thereof to make known their demands within the time limited by law. Isaac Gregory, Adm. (Fouts, Raymond P.)

BETTY: 7/2/1716: William Gale is master of this ship.
BONETTA: Early 1700s: A sloop owned by Colonel George Gale of Whitehaven, England, and Somerset County, MD.
CATHERINE: 4/5/1700: This ship was listed on the inventory of John Gale, Sr. (1668 - Betw. 1695 & 1700) of Port Royal, son of John and Mary Jackson Gale of Jamaica and grandson of Robert Gale of London. In addition to other items it listed an invoice of goods on the ship Catherine, "Capt Thoms Lyell CommA ;"
( Jamaica Public Archives: Port Royal Probate Inventories, Inventories, Vol. 5, folio 39)
CENTURIAN: 1697: George Gale was a Lieutenant on this ship out of Whitehaven.
CHARMING SALLY: 1742: Oxford Port records list John Gale as captain of the Charming Sally.
CLOTILDA: 1726: Built in England and owned by John Gale and Company, this vessel was registered in Whitehaven in 1727 at 25 tons. On 9/10/1736 bond was given for a voyage out of Whitehaven. Elihu Bouch was Master and the ship carried no guns. On 2/4/1737 the Clotilda entered the port of Rappahannock with a cargo of seven Negroes.
CONTENT: 12/31/1714 - 1/4/1715: Shipper by the Content of Whitehaven, Mr. William Bacon, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: James Milham.
CONTENT: In 1777 Samuel Gale was listed as master of the ship Content.
CROWN: Elisha Gale was listed as master of the ship Crown between 1716 and 1720.
CUMBERLAND: Owned by Colonel George Gale of Somerset County, Maryland, in partnership with his brother-in-law, William Feryes, and built at Kingston Landing in Maryland by their brother, Lowther/Lauther Gale.
Cumberland was listed at 200 tons and sailed from Kecoughtan to Whitehaven commanded by Matthias Gale carrying eight guns and a crew of 18.
1/3/1705- 3/1707: Shippers by the
Cumberland, Mr. Matthias Gale bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: William Feryes, Abram Johns, George Wilkinson, Thomas Cookson, James Adderton.
1706-10: Mathias Gale listed as master of the
Cumberland between 1706 and 1710 and Mathew Galle (sic) as master in 1707-08.
1/2/1710-11: The
Cumberland sailed to Virginia commanded by James Millam (sic) with a cargo of staves.
2/12-17/1711: Shippers by the
Cumberland, Mr. Lowther Gale, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: Thomas Coats, James Millham, John Gale Jr. & Co., Thomas Mosscrop, William Machale, Abraham Chambers for executors of William Feryes, John Nelson for Benjamin Small, James Adderton, Richard Biglands, Thomas Barns, Matthias Gale, Samuel Bowerbank, Joseph Pennington, William Marshall & Co.
CUMBERLAND: Owned by Nicholas Gale in 1711, 150 tons, built in Whitehaven in 1697
CURWEN: In 1742 records of Oxford, Maryland, list William Gale of Whitehaven as owner of the Brigant Curwen, named for his son-in-law, Henry Curwen, husband of William's daughter, Isabella. He appears again on the same records, as owner of the Curwen between 1759 and 1763.
DELICIA: This ship, commanded by Captain Wingate Gale, served as the flagship for Governor Rogers on his arrival to the Bahamas. An East Indiaman, the Delicia was armed with 36 guns and was one of the most powerful ships in American Waters. Wingate was one of seven commissioners who assisted Governor Rogers at the trial of several pirates, including John Auger, John Hipps, and William Cunningham. The trial, held on 12/9-10/1718 took place in the guard room at Nassau Fort.
DILIGENCE: 3/9-16/1743: Shippers by the Diligence, Master William Burton, bound from Whitehaven for Maryland: Daniel Dixon, Daniel Stephenson, James Milham, Matthias Gale.
DOLPHIN: George Gale of Maryland (1672 - 1712) owned a ship of this name, a popular one at the time.
ELIZABETH: 5/23/1606: The will of John Gale of St. Leonards, Colchester, Essex, described him as a mariner and mentioned his wife, Katherine, and his brother, John Mott. Katherine Gale left a will dated 11/28/1606 describing herself as a widow and mentioning her "ketch or ship called the Elizabeth of Colchester." Both the Gale and Mott families were residents of Barbados, England, and America and were allied with one another at each location.
ENGLEBERT: 4/11/1782: One John Gale was commander of this brigantine, owned by Fine, Lott and Company. It carried 14 guns and a crew of 55 men.
EUROPE: William Feryes was a master of the Europe, owned by George Gale.
FANNY: 4/17/1789: From the Norfolk and Portsmouth Journal: One John Gale, an English sailor well known in Hampton and Norfolk, was suspected of robbing the ship Fanny.
FREDERICKSBURG: 7/8/1743: The ship Fredericksburg, built on a Virginia plantation, was registered in Williamsburg. It was recorded as a vessel of ten tons, carrying no guns. The owner of record was William Gale of Whitehaven. On 5/16/1744 the same vessel entered the port of Rappahannock with a cargo of six Negroes. Bond was given in Barbados in 1744 and the master was James Monkhouse.
FRIENDSHIP: 6/17/1706: Azor Gale of New England sailed this ship to the West Indies. (The Boston Newsletter)
GALE: 8/8/1751: The ship Gale arrived at Halifax with 205 settlers. She had set sail at Rotterdam on June 12th. Nine persons died on route.
6/1752: The ship
Gale of Whitehaven, Thomas Casson, Master, departed Rotterdam accompanied by the Pearl carrying "foreign Protestants" to Nova Scotia. The vessel arrived at Halifax with 220 persons on 9/6/1752 along with the Sally. A total of 29 persons had died on the voyage and Halifax authorities left the Gale at anchor for three weeks, concerned about the possibility of contagious disease.
5/16/1774: The
Gale from Whitehaven, a transport vessel for emigrants from Scotland, embarked from the port of Stranraer under the command of Henry Jefferson, Master. Port of entry was listed as New York.
4/1776: The Gale appears on a list of transport vessels carrying six regiments of foot soldiers from Ireland, and the 31st Regiment from the River Clyde. It sailed in a convoy including the
Pearl and the Carysfort.
GOVERNOR LIVINGSTON: According to the Calendar of Virginia State Papers, a Capt. Gale was commander of this ship.
H.M.S. CORNWALL: 1750: William Gale was noted as the principal creditor of Thomas McKenley, of H. M. S. Cornwall, bachelor. Administration to Owen Gray, Attorney for William Gale in New York, March, 1750.
HANNAH: 2/21/1810: Letter from William Bell to John Gray Blount, Beaufort, NC: "Respected Sir…..Yours by John Gale came duly to hand which renders me under many obligations to you, for your particular attention to me, in procuring some part of the freight due me for my part of the Schooner Hannah…" (John Gray Blount Papers, Vol. IV, 1803 - 1833)
HOPE: 4/21-22/1740: Shippers by the Hope, Mr. Anthony Grayson, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: John Taylor for James Patton, James Milham, How & Kelsick, Edward Tubman & Co.
1778: Benjamin Gale was listed as master of the ship
JAMES & THOMAS: In 1732 William Gale sold the ship James and Thomas to the father of Roger Atkinson, who moved from Whitehaven to Petersburg, Virginia in 1750 and became active in the tobacco trade.
JOHN & BELLA: Between 1759 and 1763 William Gale of Whitehaven appears on records of the Port of Oxford, Maryland, as owner of the ship John and Bella, named for his children, John Gale and Isabella Gale Curwen.
JOHN & BETTY: 6/10/1726 - 11/12/1726: John Gale [probably John Gale, Jr. (?? - 1729) brother of George Gale of Whitehaven] sailed the John & Betty from Barbados to the Rappahannock River. In a voyage from Barbadoes to Guiney (sic), Gale was pursued by the pirate William Fly in his ship Fame's Revenge. Since Gale could out-sail Fly's vessel, the pirate hoisted a token distress flag but Gale was suspicious, ignored the flag, and maintained his course. Fly pursued the John and Betty throughout the night, finally capturing her but finding nothing of significant value aboard. Since Gale's vessel was the more favorable, Fly commandeered it and sent Gale and members of his crew away on board the Fame's Revenge.

Fly had earlier captured several men from the ship John & Hannah, enroute to Boston. Among them were Captain John Fulker and Captain William Atkinson, who Fly ordered to remain on board and act as navigator along the New England coast. Upon reaching New England, Fly sent the majority of his men to go in pursuit of another prize, leaving himself vulnerable to his captives, including Atkinson, who overpowered him. Fly was ultimately tried, punished, and hanged. [Both the Gale and Atkinson families sailed vessels out of Whitehaven, England, and records show that William Gale of Whitehaven sold a ship to the father of one Roger Atkinson who became active in the Virginia tobacco trade and later moved to Petersburg, Virginia, from Whitehaven in 1750. One John Atkinson, Master of the pink St. John of Barbados, registered at 160 tons, sailed to the lower James River on 7/10/1701.]

JOHN & SARAH: Mid - 1700s: A John Gale was master of this ship at Dartmouth.
KATHERINE: 3/20/1678: A sloop that sailed for Antegua (sic) commanded by Andrew Gale.
MARY & FRANCES: 9/9/1718: John and Robert Hodgson were masters of this ship and were associated with George Gale of Maryland. John Hodgson was buried at Gale's plantation, Tusculum, outside the town of Princess Anne in Somerset County. On 5/1/1924 one G. W. Maslin noted seeing the Hudson arms on the tomb of Mr. John Hodgson, "[Or?] on a fess bet 3 boars' heads couped [gu?] as many lions ramp of the field. The inscription on the stone read, Mr. John Hodgson of Whitehaven (County Cumberland, England) commander of the good ship Mary and Frances from thence departed this life ye 22 of July, 1719, aged 27 years and is here interred." (Burke, An American Armory)
MOLLY: 1750 to 1769: Listed in a record of entrances and clearances of the port of Salem, Massachusetts. Captain John Gale sailed this ship to Georgia on 12/22/1766 and sailed out of Georgia on 3/23/1767.
MULBERRY: Early 1700s: Colonel George Gale of Maryland was part owner of this vessel.
PEARLE: 2/14/1706-07: Shipper by the Pearl of Whitehaven, Mr. James Milham, bound from Whitehaven for Virginia: Wilfred Huddlestone.
9/24/1751: Assumed to be the same vessel, the
Pearl (sic) arrived at Halifax with 232 settlers, having left Rotterdam on 7/2/1751. Thirty-two persons died on route.
8/21/1752: The ship
Pearl arrived at Halifax carrying 212 persons after leaving Rotterdam in company with the Gale on 6/10/1752. There were 39 deaths aboard and Halifax authorities left the ship at anchor in the harbor for two weeks.
PEGGY: 1766: A brig owned by Levin Gale (II), Henry Jackson and Henry Liddell in the 1760s. A ledger from the vessel stated that in 1766 the ship sailed to the island of Antigua and delivered planks, staves, tobacco, flour, bread, Indian corn, five dozen ducks and six geese. The ship returned to Somerset County loaded with 836 gallons of rum, over 300 casks of sugar, 4 hogsheads of molasses and 8 barrels of limes.
PHOENIX: 1795: Samuel Gale was listed as master of the ship Phoenix.
PRIMROSE: 106 tons, ROBERT BENN (Living 1689 - Bef. 11/29/1696 at sea), master in 1694. Letter from JOHN GALE to Sir John Lowther on 11/29/1696, "The s[h]ipp Primrose this day arrived from Virginia, left her consort the Scepter at sea; the master whereof dyed in Virginia, soe likewise the mate of the Primrose, and the master of the Integrity."
RAMBLER: 2/26/1780: Samuel Gale was listed as a mariner in command of the ship Rambler.
REBEL: 9/1782: A privateer captured by the Aolus on the aforementioned date, was commanded by the same John Gale who was commander of the brig Englebert.
ROMNEY: A Man of War that in 1795 became the flagship of Vice Admiral Sir James Wallace. It was commanded at the time by Captain Frank Sotheron (1765 - 1839), husband to Jane Gale, daughter of Wilson Gale-Bradyll. Sotheron also commanded H.M.S. Latona in 1801 and H.M.S. Excellent in 1803-05.
SALLY: 9/6/1752: Arrived at Halifax, with the ship Gale, carrying 218 persons. It left Rotterdam at the end of May commanded by a Captain Robinson who died on route. William Brocklebank was the first mate. During the voyage 40 people died and the Sally was left at anchor for fear of spreading disease.
SEAFLOWER: Lowther Gale was listed as master of the ship Seaflower in 1706 and 1707.
SECOND SUPPLY: 1608: This vessel of the Virginia Company brought settlers and supplies to Jamestown on a voyage known as the "Second Supply." Robert Gaile (sic) appears in Virginia Company records as having financed the venture of John Burrows to Virginia.
SOMERSET: 8/1718: William Gale was master of the Somerset.
SWAN: 10/10/1715-16: Thomas Gale was listed as master of the ship Swan from 1715-16 to 1719-20. Registered at Barbados in 1718 at 50 tons, owned by brothers John and Matthew Gale and John Anderton.
THOMAS & WILLIAM: 1774: Roger Atkinson, navigator, departed from Scarborough, Yorkshire on the Thomas & William between April 4th and 12th, 1774. The ship arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia between May 14th and 16th, 1774.
WILLIAM & THOMAS: A Gale-owned vessel that supposedly brought the family to St. Mary's City, Maryland.

EDWARD GALE, ESQ (Living 1815) OF ST. PAUL'S, SHADWELL, LONDON Member of the United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies.

GILES GALE (Living 1669), MERCHANT OF LONDON, was ordered to file an accounting of goods, including a Virginia plantation he acquired while under the employ as agent for John Jefferies and Thomas Colclough of London, merchants and traders to Virginia. Gale was hired as a factor in Virginia for three years and his salary paid to his wife; but Gale had not given an accounting and was order to either settle the account or be seized and taken to London.

JAMES GALE (Living 1815) OF
MILES END, SHADWELL, Ship owner & rope maker, Member of the United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies.

JOHN GALE (?? - 1606) & WIFE CATHERINE GALE: The will of John Gale of St. Leonard, Colchester, Essex, mariner, dated on 5/23/1606 and proved on 7/2/1606, named John Mott, "son of my brother John Mott of Much Wigburrowe Essex. [This was probably a brother-in-law]. Also named were Bridget Adams, the daughter of John Mott, and her children George and Bridget. John's other two daughters, Marcy and Mary Mott, were also mentioned. John Gale named Johan Samon "als. Miller of Much Wigborowe my sister," and her children William Samon, Robert Samon, and Anne Samon. He mentioned his wife, Katherine, his wife's grandchildren, Matthew Pickors and Susan Lambert, his wife's daughter, Elizabeth Godsalle, and "George Adams the elder of Aberton Essex, yeoman." The will also mentions "My tenement &c. in Peldon Essex."

The will of Catherine Gale of St. Leonard's, Colchester, Essex, widow, dated 11/28/1606 and proved on 12/19/1606, mentioned her daughters, Mary Dinbye and Elizabeth Godsall; grandchildren Matthew Pickas and Susan Lambert; cousin Susan Bragge, wife of John Foorde of Brightlingsea, Essex; cousin Unitye Kinge; and cousin Jasper Randall of St. Leonard's. She also named John Dinby, husband of her daughter Mary, and Mary's two children. Also mentioned was her "ketch or ship called the
Elizabeth of Colchester." The relationship between the GALES, MOTTS, and SMARTES is further referenced in the will of John Smarte of Branktrye, Essex, yeoman, dated 6/7/1604 and proved on 7/14/1604. He mentioned his wife Thomazine; Adrian "my second son;" his Uncle Marke Motte (sic); "the child that my wife now goeth withal (if she be with child); his wife's father John Curd of Sudbury; his 4 children including John, the eldest, Adrian, Mary, and Ellinor Smarte. He also mentioned his land and tenements in Bocking, his "messuage or tenement wherein I now dwell," and "my customary lands and tenements in Branktrye." His uncle Mark Mott was named sole executor and witnesses were Peter Smartt, Richard Owtinge and Erasmus Sparhawk. Although the relationship is unknown, one Mary Gale sailed to Virginia on 5/7/1662 bound to Anselm Smarte for four years.
FRANCIS GALE (Living 1660): Groom of the Pitcher House, 9/4/1660; Yeoman of the Pitcher House, 11/1/1672:
JOHN GALE (?? - 1/14/1784): 6/14/1764: Groom of the Scullery; 1/16/1765: Groom of the Pantry; 5/25/1765: Assistant Clerk of the Spicery; 7/1/1768: Yeoman of the Coalyard; 1/18/1775: Clerk of the Coalyard.
JOHN GALE (Living 1551-54) was appointed as one of four Clerks of the Privy Seal in 1551. Tenure was for life.
JOHN GALE (Living 1500s) was named as "one of the grooms of my bedchamber" in the will of Sir Thomas Radcliffe (Abt. 1525-26, Essex - 1583, London), 3rd Earl of Sussex, dated 11/15/1582-83, and was given £10.
Radcliffe was the son of Henry Radcliffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex, and his wife Elizabeth Howard, and the maternal cousin of Ann Boleyn. About 1545 he married Elizabeth Wriothesley. He served with King Henry VIII at the Battle of Boulogne and after his death received favor with Mary Queen of Scots who appointed him Baron Filzwalter in 1553. He was at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth I in January of 1559 and was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland. Once there he attempted to quell the uprising against the Queen mounted by Shane O'Neill and the clan of MacDonnell but was unsuccessful. He did, however, establish English presence and influence on Ireland and, during his governance, established English settlements at Offaly and Leix. He returned to England in 1564 and was made Lord Chancellor in 1572. Sir Thomas Radcliffe died on 6/9/1583 and was buried at Essex.
SIR HENRY GALE (LIVING 1569) was one of the members of the Council of Queen Elizabeth I. On 11/8/1569 the Earl of Sussex wrote to Queen Elizabeth I from Yorkshire. "This morning I received letters from the earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, whereupon I called the members of your Council here together, viz. the Dean of York, Sir Thos. Gargrave, Sir Nicholas Fairfax, Sir Henry Gale, Mr. Rokeby, and Mr. Vaughn." (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Vol. XIX, MCMVII) - [The association with Fairfax and Rokeby suggests Henry's connection to the family of James and George Gale of Scruton.]

MARTHA GALE (?? - by 7/2/1771): 2/4/1764 - 1/16/1770: Joint Laundress of the [Table &] Household.
THOMAS GALE (1507 - 1587) served King Henry VIII as his Barber-Surgeon. Educated under Richard Ferris, he was described as the greatest of the Tudor surgeons and was known to have some knowledge of Latin. He practiced as a young man in London before serving at Montreuil with the army of King Henry VIII during the siege of Boulogne, France, in 1544. He afterwards returned to London. Also known as John Gale, he was mentioned in an article entitled "The Death of Henry The Eighth" published in The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal published on 1/30/1913. "Dr. John Gale, the king's surgeon-in-ordinary who had awaited upon Henry and his army when in France..." The date of Henry's death was 1/27/1547,

In 1561 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Gale became Master of the Company of Surgeons, later the Royal College of Surgeons. He administered to patients at the hospitals of St. Thomas and St. Bartholomew. Gale had no patience with imposters and quacks and sued several persons masquerading as surgeons for mis-treatment of patients. He had a brother, Roger, and a son, Thomas, who was also a surgeon. A portrait of Thomas Gale, a woodcut dated 1563, is in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery. The original wood-cut was reproduced in the book by Harold Ellis,
A History of Surgery.

Gale's will dated 8/27/1567 is held by the National Archives, Kew. In 1577 he served with the Navy under King Philip I of Spain at St. Quentin and is said to have died in 1587. However, according to Dr. Erin Connelly of the English Department at the University of Nottingham, "There is some confusion about TG's date of death - many secondary sources list 1586/7, but I have read his will, which was written 1 August 1567 and probated 27 August 1567. He very clearly states in the will that he is a barber-surgeon and references where the company is to bury him. Also, his name no longer appears in the records of the barber-surgeons post-1567. I'm not sure where the 1586/7 date is coming from - a misreading perhaps - even the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography has an incorrect date for the will."
Sir Thomas Radcliffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex(
Portrait_of_Sir_Thomas_Radcliffe, _3rd_Earl_of_Sussex_(1526-83).jpg)
WILSON GALE-BRADDYLL (1756 - 1818-19) was Groom of the Bedchamber of King George IV in 1812. He was also a member of Parliament.
Wilson was the son of John and Sarah Wilson Gale of
Highhead Castle and married his cousin, Jane Gale, daughter of Mathias and Jane Bennett Gale of Catgill Hall, Cumberland. [SEE JOHN GALE OF WHITEHAVEN]
Thomas [John] Gale, Barber-Surgeon, (National Portrait Gallery)
Wilson Gale-Braddyll (1756 - 1818-19)
(National Portrait Gallery)

JOHN GALE (Living 12th Century), was a knight who fought during the Third Crusade (1187 to 1192) at Tyre, a Phoenician city located north of Jerusalem on the Mediterranean Sea that was part of the Egyptian Empire. He may have been an ancestor of William Gale of Kingswear, Devonshire, who leaved near the Devon coast where Dartmouth was a rendezvous point in 1190 for vessels carrying Crusaders to the Holy Land.
The drama of Gale's life unfolds when he discovered his wife and his lord in an adulterous affair. He killed the lord and since the murder of a lord by his vassal was a capital offence, Gale fled to Muslim territory to escape retribution. He entered into the service of Saladin, ruler of Egypt and Syria, gained his confidence, and was entrusted with tutoring Saladin's nephew, Shãhinshãh, in military education. About 1175 Saladin left for Aleppo and Gale sought out the Knights Templar, formed ca. 1119 in Jerusalem by a group of knights on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, at their stronghold at Baghrãs Castle. He presented the Templars with plans to kidnap Saladin's nephew for ransom, allowing him to retain a portion of the money in order to make peace with his murdered lord's family. The Templars agreed and the Sultan's nephew was taken and hidden away at Baghrãs.

It was said that the boy's father waited seven years to pay the ransom, at which time Gale supposedly made restitution with his victim's family. Historians agree that the son was freed around the time that Gale appeared in the ranks of the Templars at the Battle of Hattin in Galilea on 7/4/1187. During this battle troops were led by Gale's nemesis, Saladin, who seized Baghrãs Castle and recaptured Jerusalem. Some 200 Templars were lost and many others beheaded. In September of 1188 Saladin again engaged the Templars when he laid siege to the castle at Roche Guillaume that guarded the northerly pass through the Amanus Mountains. Although circumstances led him to abandon the siege, historians have suggested that Saladin's motive was one of vengeance since he believed the castle harbored John Gale, whom he planned to have beheaded. Gale's fate remains unknown.

Ruins of Roman, Byzantine, and Crusader chapels are still found at Tyre. The Muslims controlled the city in the 8th and 10th centuries and held it until the Holy Wars. In 1095 Christian forces advanced on Turkey by order of the Pope and the following year the Muslims were defeated and killed, along with the Jews, in a battle at the Al Axa Mosque. Afterwards, Jerusalem was held by Latin Kings for the next 100 years until it again came under Muslim rule. During this relatively peaceful time Muslims lived in harmony with Christian sects and the Jews returned. Today the city has four quarters, Jewish, Armenian, Muslim, and Christian.
Baghras Castle, Tyre (Photo,
The City of Tyre
EDMUND GALE (Living 1640) Son of Richard Gale, Bedfordshire, Yeoman, was admitted to the Company of Grocers as the Apprentice of Ralp (sic) Juscon. Other Company members acted as guarantors for Edmund to the Company Wardens. GEORGE GALE (Living 1710) Son of George, Woburn, Bedfordshire, Yeoman, apprenticed to George Spencer, Poulters Company, 12/1/1710.
GEORGE GALE (Living 1722) son of Edward, Toddington, Bedfordshire, mercer, apprenticed to Anthony Taylor, Armourers' & Braziers' Company, 7/24/1722.
JOHN GALE (Living 1706-07) son of John, Thurleigh, Bedfordshire, husbandman, apprenticed to Ann widow of Robert Young, Carmen's Company, 1/14/1706-07.
JOHN GALE (Living 1716-17) Master of Robert Fowkes, Son of Robert, Tingrith, Bedfordshire, Carmen's Company, 1/16/1716-17.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1701) son of John, Dunstable, Bedfordshire, tallow chandler, apprenticed to Edward Browne, Armourers' & Braziers' Company, 9/23/1701.

EDWARD GALE (Living 1722) Master to Richard Preetlove, Son of Richard, Woodford, Essex, carpenter (deceased), Dyers Company, 6/6/1722.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1762) Master to Philip Watson, son of Philip, Ilford, Essex, labourer, Lorimers Company, 7/7/1762.

CHARLES GALE (Living 1700-01) Master to Thomas Shoars, son of Thomas, Aldgate, London, labourer (deceased), Gunmakers Company, 2/6/1700-01:
EDWARD GALE (Living 1718) Master to James Williamson, son of James, London, bodyseller, apprenticed to Thomas Rich 3/6/1712-13; turned over to Edward Gale 7/2/1718, Dyers Co.
FRANCIS GALE (Living 1679) of St. Giles, Cripplegate, London, Glover, daughter ELIZABETH GALE (Living 1679) bound to Samuel Oakely, 9/1/1679, Glovers' Company.
JOHN GALE (Living 1755) Master to Richard Walker, son of Richard, St. John Evangelist, Middlesex, brewer, apprenticed to Henry White, 2/23/1748-49; turned over to Thomas Monkland on 8/1/1751; turned over to John Gale on 5/1/1755, Tinplate Workers Company. JOHN GALE (Living 1718) son of Francis, citizen and lorimer [one who makes and sells bits, bridles, and other fittings for horses] was apprenticed to John Foot, Tinplate Workers' Company,
JOHN GALE (Living 1729) Master to John Lister, son of John, St. Clement Danes, Middlesex, tailor, apprenticed to Henry Bridgon, 4/2/1729; turned over to John Gale, citizen and merchant tailor, on 7/8/1730, Dyers Company JOHN GALE (Living 1738) Master of William Bazell, son of Andrew, Bloomsbury, Middlesex, brushmaker (deceased), Tinplate Workers Company, 8/1/1738.
JOHN GALE (Living 1744) Master of Robert Stevens, son of John, Whitechapel, Middlesex, tinplateworker, Tinplateworkers Company, 6/25/1744.
JOHN GALE (Living 1732) Master of Manuel Souche, son of Manuel, St. Martin's Lane, London, bookkeeper (deceased), 11/30/1732. Listed as Manuel Sanche, turned over to John Stevenson on 11/1/1736, Tinplate Workers Company.
JOHN GALE (Living 1755) Master of Richard Walker, son of Richard, St. John Evangelist, Middlesex, brewer, apprenticed to Henry White, 2/23/1748-49; to Thomas Monkland, 8/1/1751; to John Gale, 5/1/1755.
JOSEPH GALE (Living 1701) John Bedingfeild, son of Thomas, Highate, Middlesex, butcher, apprenticed to Joseph Gale, 4/17/1701; turned over to John Palmer, tallow chandler, 3/17/1706-07; Bowyer's Company. JOSEPH GALE (Living 1721) son of Joseph, St. Sepulchre, London, tallow chandler, apprenticed to Thomas Beynon, 8/7/1721. Turned over to William Graves on 3/1/1726-27, Dyers Company
ROBERT GALE (Living 1641) Master to John Farley, son of George, London, yeoman, Waxchandlers Company, 7/1/1641.
SAMUEL GALE (Living 1771) son of Thomas, Little Moorfields, London, shoemaker, apprenticed to Roger Owen, Musicians Company, 12/19/1771. SARAH GALE, WIDOW (Living 1717) Master to Robert Overstall, son of John, Stepney, Middlesex, mariner, Tinplate Workers Company, 6/1/1717.
THOMAS GALE: 1777: Son of Thomas, St. James Westminster, Middlesex, coachman, apprenticed to William Fox, 9/9/1777; to William Hurst, 6/11/1779, Farriers Company.

ROBERT GALE: 1673: Master to William Aris, son of John, Chipping Warden, Northamptonshire, gardener, apprenticed to Hugh Shackle; turned over to Robert Gale 6/26/1673, Farriers Company.

EDWARD GALE: 9/3/1724: Master to Richard Smith, son of Edward, Stanton, Nottinghamshire, yeoman (deceased), Dyers Company

RICHARD GALE (Living 1706) son of Ralph Gale, Christ Church Southwark, Surrey, baker, was apprenticed to Benjamin Steward, 5/30/1706, and was to be turned over to Edward Apthorpe, Glass-sellers Company.
GEORGE GALE (Living 1648) B. A. Magdalen Hall, 4/15/1648; Fellow of University College 1648; B. Med. 7/24/1652
HENRY GALE OF BEDS. (1623 - ??): Lincoln College, matriculated 12/17/1638, age 15, B. A. Corpus Christi College 12/17/1642.
ISAAC GALE (Living 1709-10) entered Balliol College, 1/26/1709-10; B. A. 1713: Rector of Lasborough, co. Gloucester, 1719.
JOHN GALE (Living 1508-09) B. A. 2/10/1508-09; M. A. (sup. 10/16/1518)
JOHN GALE (1643 - ??), son of Richard of Exeter, pleb: Magdalen Hall, matriculated 7/16/1661, age 18; B. A. 1665, Rector of West Ogwell, Devon, 1670.
JOHN GALE (1643-44 - ??), son of Thomas Gale of Taunton, St. James, Somerset, pleb: Balliol College, matriculated 3/14/1662-63; B. A. Hart Hall 1666, M. A. Clark Hall, Cambridge 1668; Vicar of Creech, St. Michael, Somerset, 1666.
JOHN GALE (1650-51 - ??), son of William Gale of Chippingham, Wiltshire, pleb: St. Edmund Hall, matriculated 3/15/1677-78, age 17; B. A. 1681; M. A. 1684; Rector of Caundle Bishops, Dorset 1698; Vicar Haydon, Dorset, 1713.
JOSIAS GALE (1596 - ??) of Devon enrolled at Pembroke Hall, Oxford on 5/9/1626 at age 30 and received his M. A. degree. He was incorporated at Cambridge in 1626.
(1676 - 1750), son of Leonard Gale, Gent., entered University College on 5/23/1691 at age 15 and was a barrister at Inner Temple in 1697. In 1710 he was elected a Member of Parliament for East Grimstead and served for several years.
PETER GALE (1645 - ??), son of Peter Gale of Pitmister, Somerset, pleb: Lincoln College, matriculated 4/26/1662, age 17; B. A. Hart Hall 1666; Rector of Angersleigh, Somerset 1672.
RICHARD GALE (1696 - ??), son of Richard Gale of Brimslad, Wiltshire, pleb: Magdalen College, matriculated 12/17/1712, age 16; Chorister 1710-17; B. A. 1717.
ROBERT GALE (Living 1525) Benedictine, B. D. 1525.
ROBERT GALE (?? - 1672), pleb: Wadham College, matriculated 10/29/1657; B. A. 1661; M. A. 1/19/1663-64; perhaps Rector of Angersleigh, Somerset, 1662; Vicar of Cutcombe, Somerset, 1668, and Prebendary of Wells 1669 until his death in 1672.
ROBERT GALE (1671 - ??), son of John Gale of London, pp: New College, matriculated 4/17/1688, age 17.
ROGER GALE (?? - 6/25/1744) of Scruton, Yorkshire; Scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge. B. A. 1694-95; fellow 1697; M. A. 1698; incorporated 3/29/1699. M. P. Northallerton 1705-13; Commission of Stamp duties 1714; Commissioner of excise 1715-35; 1st Vice President of the Royal Society of Antiquaries; treasurer of the Royal Society.
THOMAS GALE (Living 1519-20) Benedictine, B. D. (sup. 2/9/1519-20); Vicar of Halstead, Exxex, 1540.
THOMAS GALE (1572 - 4/30/1625), son of George Gale of Crediton, of Devon, arm: University College, matriculated 11/15/1588, age 16; barrister, Inner Temple 1600.
THOMAS GALE (Abt. 1645 - ??), son of Roger Gale of Taunton, Somerset, pleb: Wadham College, matriculated 3/22/1660-01, age 15; barrister, Inner Temple 1668;
THOMAS GALE (1676 - ??), son of Thomas Gale of Taunton, Somerset, gent: Balliol College, matriculated 3/31/1691, age 15; B. A. 1694; M. A. 2/26/1697-98; Vicar of Taunton St. Mary Magdalen 1703; Rector of Angersleigh, Somerset 1705.
WILLIAM GALE (1575 - ??) of London, pleb: Merton College, matriculated 4/6/1593, age 18; B. A. 12/14/1596; fellow 1598; M. A. 2/22/1602-03.
WILLIAM GALE (1608 - ??), son of William Gale of London, gent: Wadham College, matriculated 5/2/1623, age 15; barrister, Inner Temple 1637.
WILLIAM GALE (1621 - ??), son of Thomas Gale of Chippingham, Wiltshire, pleb: Christ Church, matriculated 12/6/1639, age 18.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1652) pleb: Merton College, matriculated 10/2/1652; B. A. 1/30/1655-56.
WILLIAM GALE (1690 - ??), son of G. Gale of Everley, Wiltshire, pleb: Oriel College, matriculated 4/3/1707, age 17 - 18; B. A. 1710; Vicar Clyffe Pypard, Wiltshire 1718.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1684): Wrote to Lord Hatton in 1684: "His cousin (through illness) is parting with all his horses; if his Lordship has not left off breeding, he has a colt by one of the finest Turkish mares in England, who was got by Lord Shaftesbury's Turk out of Tregonwell's famous mare
Snorting Bess. He would have run her against any mare or gelding at Newmarket at 12 stone, had she not put out a blood spavin." -- Hore, History of Newmarket, 1886; Vol. 3, p. 355
(From: Foster, Joseph, Alumni Oxonienses the members of the University of Oxford, 1500 - 1714, Vol.II)
Back to Homepage - Chapters: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25




DAVID GIBBINS, Gale Descendant & Bestselling Author



The Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia





Copyright © 2011 - 2012, Gayle N. Mandell - Reproduction or redistribution of all or part of the content is prohibited except in the following instances and only with written permission. (1) You may print or download extracts for personal and non-commercial use only. (2) You may copy the content to a third party for their personal use, but only if you acknowledge the copyright holder. (3) You may not distribute or commercially exploit the content. (4) You may not store the information on any other website or any form of electronic retrieval system without the express written permission of the copyright holder.

Gayle N. Mandell
Contents & Introduction