Chapter 18 - George Gale (1671 - 1712)
Of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, & Somerset County, Maryland
Colonel George Gale, son of John (1641 - 1716) and Mary Carlisle Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England [SEE CHAPTER 3], came to the colonies as a young man, first to Virginia and later settling in Maryland.He attained prominence as part of the Colonial planter aristocracy of Somerset County, Maryland, and was a master mariner, merchant, public official, ship-builder, surveyor, and a significant figure in shaping the history of the Virginia and Maryland colonies. He was married twice, first to Mildred Warner Washington, who was to become the grandmother of President George Washington. His second wife was Elizabeth "Betty" Denwood, by whom he had four sons before his death in 1712. All four became prominent in their communities and left many descendants.
IX. Colonel George Gale (1671 - 1712) & (1) Mildred Warner Washington (1671 - 1701), and (2) Betty Denwood (1674 - 1736)
X. Levin (Abt. 1704 -1744) m. Leah Littleton (#1)
XI. Leah Littleton (ca. 1721 - ??) m. Levin Gale (#2), son of Mathias & Margaret Gale - see Children under Levin #2
XI. Betty (?? - ??)
XI. Sarah (?? - ??)
X. Matthias (Aft. 1705 - 1748) m. Margaret Gordon
XI. Levin (1737 - 1791) m. Leah Littleton Gale, daughter of Levin & Leah Littleton Gale (above)
XII. Robert (?? - By 1797) m. Jane Stewart (?? - ??, buried at Tusculum)
XII. Littleton (?? - 1815) m. Margaret Hollyday
XIII. Anna Maria (?? - ??)
XIII. Leah L. (?? - ??)
XIII. Susannah (?? - ??)
XIII. Possibly Margaret (1797- 1798)
XIII. Elizabeth H. (?? - ??)
XIII. Henry Levin (1804 - ??)
XIII. Robert (?? - ??)
XIII. Levin (?? - ??)
XII. George (1756 - 1815) m. Anna Maria Hollyday
XIII. Anna Maria (1782 -1847)
XIII. Levin (1784 -1834) m. Harriet Rebecca Chamberlaine
XIV. Samuel Chamberlaine (1822 - 1865) m. Mrs. Elizabeth Morton Jenkins
XV. Morton (?? - ??)
XV. George (?? - ??)
XV. Littleton (?? - ??)
XV. Henry (?? - ??)
XV. Bessie (?? - ??)
XIV. Levin Jr. (1824 - 1875) m. Sarah Dorsey
XV. Harriet Rebecca (?? - ??)
XV. Levin (?? - ??)
XV. Warren (?? - ??)
XV. Dorsey (? - ??)
XV. Samuel Chamberlain (?? - ??)
XV. William Collins (?? - ??)
XV. Charles (?? - ??)
XIII. Leah (1785 - 1857) Unmarried.\
XIII. George Littleton (1794 -1863) m. Anna Maria Done (Children Unknown)
XIII. Harriet R. M. (1796 -1830)
XIII. Henry Hollyday (1797 - 1800) twin of Margaret
XIII. Margaret (born & died 1798) twin of Henry
XIII. Sarah "Sally" Hollyday (?? - 1815)
XIII. Henrietta Maria Elizabeth (1814 - 1881) m. Henry Chamberlaine
XIII. Georgeanne (1803 - 1856) m. Cornelius McLean
XII. Levin (?? - by 1806) m. Leah Jackson
XIII. Henry George (1782/94 - ??) m. Susan Goslee
XIV. Levin J. (1837 - ??) m. Virginia Rider
XV. Susan M. (?? - ??)
XV. William H. (?? - ??) m. Miss Collier
XIV. Clara (?? - ??) m. J. W. Turpin
XIII. Elizabeth Ann Wilson (?? - ??) m. Henry Handy Riggan
XII. Leah (?? - ??) m. Samuel Wilson, Jr.
X. John (Aft. 1705 - 1744) m. Milcah Hill
XI. Ann (?? - ??) m. Capt. John Handy
XI. George (1731-1765) m. Elizabeth Airey
XII. Milcah (1751 - 1780) m. Robert Harrison
XII. John (1753 - 1813) m. Amelia Williams
XIII. John Planner (1797 - 1840) m. Caroline A. H. Jones
XIV. Maria Amelia (1821 -1827)
XIV. Amelia Caroline (1823 -1827)
XIV. John H. (1827 - 1881) m. Leah J. Nelson & had children
XV. Nancy S. (1864 - ??)
XV. George S. (1866 - ??) m. Susan T. Croswell
XV. John W. O. (1869 - ??)
XIV. William H. (1828 -1904) m. (1) Anna Isabel Constable, (2) Elizabeth Handy
XIV. Francis (1833 - 1868)
XIV. George L. (1836 - 1862)
XIV. Maria (1837/38 -1918) m. Mr. McDaniel
XIII. Milcah (1791 - 1836) m. James B. Steele, Esq.
XII. George (1756 - 1798) m. (1) Esther Waters, (2) Mary Waters
XIII. FROM M/1: Sarah Haywood (?? - ??)
XIII. George Henry (1795 -1821)
XIII. Mary L. (?? - ??) m. William Judah
XIII. FROM M/2: Elizabeth Ann (?? - ??)
XIII. Harriett (?? - ??) m. Hugh Henry
XII. Mary (1759 - 1760)
XII. Elizabeth (1762 - ??) m. Mr. Hyland
XII. Leah (?? - ??)
XI. Mary (Ca. 1734 - 1790) m. Samuel Wilson
XI. Elizabeth "Betty" (1731 - ??)
XI. Henry (1740 - 1803) m. (Unknown)
XI. Levin (1743 - ??) m. Ann (Unknown)
XIII. James (Living 1796), "of Baltimore Town"
X. George (Aft. 1705 - 1772) m. Elizabeth Wilson, no children
IX. COLONEL GEORGE GALE (1671-72 - 1712) was born in 1671-72 in Carlisle, Cumberland, England to John Gale Jr. (1641 - 1716) and his wife Mary Carlisle Gale. He was baptized on 3/10/1672 in St. Bees Parish, Whitehaven. His siblings were John, Matthias, Robert, Lowther, Philip, William, Mary, Elizabeth and Susanna. His father's close association with the powerful Lowther family of Whitehaven enabled George to attain a level of education and prominence that afforded him greater opportunities for advancement in business and public service.

On 8/6/1697 Sir John Lowther wrote to William Bridgman, secretary to the Admiralty, at London.
The bearer, Mr George Gale, Lieut. of the "Centurian", is solicited by his friends to return home to take charge of a merchant ship. This provision they have made for him upon the prospect of peace, imployment at sea being then uncertain, and they desire by me to get his dismission with the good liking and favour of the Board. I have also a request upon my account. This gentleman is son to an agent of mine at Whitehaven, has been seven years in the service, and came into it very well qualified, and has stood upon the books night two years minuted for a commission as captain. If the Board please to give him this commission for a few dayes to intytle him, before his dismission, to that character which he very wel deserves, and wherein I must own myself wanting to him, it will supply what I have been wanting in, and very much oblige me; which request I pray lay before the Board. (Hainsworth) It was noted that this letter was not delivered, since Gale had left on another voyage.

On 1/22/1699-1700 George was named as master of the ship
Cumberland and was mentioned again during the early 1700s when the Virginia Admiralty Court convened to try the first case of piracy in the colonies. Among those who witnessed the hanging of the convicted pirates in cages of chains off Cape Henry, Virginia were Whitehaven ship captains George, Matthew and Matthias Gale. [Matthias was George's brother and Matthew was probably a cousin.]

George Gale, as other members of his family, was engaged in the Virginia tobacco trade. And during a trading voyage to Virginia he met MILDRED WARNER WASHINGTON (1671 - 3.26/1701, Whitehaven, Cumberland, England), widow of Lawrence Washington and daughter of Augustine Warner II (6/3/1642 - 6/19/1681,
Warner Hall, Gloucester Co., VA) and his wife Mildred Reade Warner (10/2/1643, Gloucester Co., VA - ??) , the daughter of George and Elizabeth Martiau Reade, herself the daughter of Yorktown founder Nicholas Martiau. Mildred was born at Warner Hall, and it has been suggested that she and George became acquainted while the Gales were visitors there. She became George Gale's first wife by marriage contract dated 5/6/1700. It is interesting to note that Mildred became the ancestral aunt of Queen Elizabeth II through her sister, Mary's, descendant, Henrietta Mildred Hodgson.
Augustine Warner II (1642 - 1681) was the first of four generations of men with his name to reside at
Warner Hall in Gloucester County, VA, all of whom served as members of the House of Burgesses and on the Governor's Council. His father, Augustine Warner I, was acting Governor of Virginia, and Augustine II was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and also served as its Speaker of the House. He served on the Governor's Council from October 1677 until his death. Also, Augustine Warner II attended the esteemed Merchant Taylor's School in London at the same time as did Col. George Gale's father, John Gale (1641 - 1716). George Gale himself attended the school about 1686 at the same when Mildred's older brother, George Warner attended there.

Augustine Warner II died on 6/19/1681 and was buried at
Warner Hall. Since Augustine's sons pre-deceased him, Warner Hall was inherited by his three daughters, Mary, Elizabeth and Mildred. Mary Warner married John Smith of Purton on the York River and their son, Augustine Smith, was one of Governor Spotswood's Knights of the Golden Horseshoe. Elizabeth Warner married John Lewis whose descendnats include Fielding Lewis, husband of George Washington's sister, Betty, and Meriwether Lewis, a leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition. In 1686 Mildred Warner married LAWRENCE WASHINGTON (9/1659, Westmoreland County, VA - 3/1697-98, Warner Hall, Gloucester County, VA).

LAWRENCE WASHINGTON was the eldest son and heir of JOHN WASHINGTON (1632/33, Purleigh - 1/1677, Bridge's Creek Plantation) who married Anne Pope (ca. 1638 - 1667-78) and lived at Mattox Creek in Westmoreland County until 12/3/1664 when he purchased 100 acres on the east side of Bridge's Creek near the Potomac River where he established his second home,
Bridge's Creek Plantation. Lawrence was born in September of 1659 at Mattox in Westmoreland County, VA, and on 3/30/1686-87 he married Mildred Warner (1670/71, Warner Hall, Gloucester Co., VA - 3/26/1701, Whitehaven, Cumberland, England), by whom he had three children prior to his death.
Grave of Augustine Warner II (1642 - 1681)
Warner Hall, Gloucester County, VA. ~ (Photo, Gayle Mandell, 1999)
Warner Hall, Gloucester County, VA
Memorial to Lawrence Washington & Mildred Warner Washington Gale,
Ferry Farm, Westmoreland County, VA ~ (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1999)
Tusculum grounds, Monie Creek, Somerset County, MD
(Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1988)
George and Betty Gale settled on Monie Creek where they established their plantation, Tusculum. Because of early Roman influence in England, it was a custom of the day to name homes after Roman villas and cities. Consequently it is believed that the name Tusculum was derived from an ancient city of the same name, part of Latium and southeast of modern-day Rome, Italy. A photograph of the house appeared in the book titled Somerset County, A Pictorial History, by Brice Neal Stump published in 1984. The house burned to the ground in 1959 and the property remains in private hands.

Betty Denwood's family were Quakers. Her grandfather was Levyne (sic) Denwood I (ca. 1602 - Aft. 1663) who arrived in Northampton County on Virginia's Eastern Shore before 1633. Her parents were Levin Denwood II (1646, VA - 1726, MD) and Priscilla Waters Denwood, and her siblings were LEVIN (11/6/1670, Accomack - 1703); ARTHUR (2/25/1671/72 - 1720), who married Esther Robins; and MARY (5/2/1676-77 - 12/9/1735) who married Henry Hill. "Madam Betty Gale," as she became known, was a prominent member of the Quaker Meeting at Monie. She was described as, "...a factor to be reckoned with in Somerset; a woman of splendid ability, concerned in large affairs in the administration of a great estate; a veritable regent in the social realm; and the mother of four gifted sons whose ability was not traceable only to their paternal ancestor." (Torrence) She was so respected and capable that her father, in his will dated 4/21/1725 and proved 5/9/1726, assigned the trusteeship of the Monie Meeting to Betty and her counterpart, Elizabeth Waters. For the first time in Somerset County's history, the trusteeship of sacred property was given to women. A clause from the will follows:
To dau. Betty GALE and hrs., 1100 A. dwelling plantation "Hack Land," on Manny Ck.; "Stony Ridge" adj., and all other lands adjacent to either of sd. tracts; and ½ of lands on or near The Upper Straights, Dorchester Co. To grandsons Thomas and George and their hrs., other ½ lands on or nr. The Upper Straights. To sisters Sarah HICKS and Rebecca COVINGTON, 1 guinea each. To dau. Betty GALE and Elizabeth WATERS, £15 to be disposed of among Friends; also 1 A. bet. Wiccocomico and Mauny, where the Quaker Meeting House stands, with the Meeting House to be kept for that purpose. To Martha and Mary and their hrs., 2 daus. of cousin Levin WOOLFORD, 2 tracts bet. Rock Ck. and the Devils Island (bou. with late bro.-in-law WOOLFORD). To Thomas HILL and hrs., tract in The Forrest bou. of testator by James HILL, late of afsd. Co., and not conveyed to him in his life time. To grandsons Thomas and George DENWOOD and their hrs., plan. on Manocan where son Arthur lived, with all other lands adj. and share of Forest land not before disposed of. To daus. Betty GALE and Mary HILL each and their hrs., 1/3 of residue of estate. To grandchildren Thomas, George, Betty and Mary DENWOOD, Esther KING and Priscilla GILLIS and great-grandchild Levin DENWOOD (if he shall live to age of 18) and their hrs., £100, and 1/3 residue of estate equally. Exs.: Dau. Betty GALE and grandson Levin GALE. Test: Richard WATERS, John BACON, Mark NOBLE, Abigail WATERS.
(Maryland Calendar of Wills: Volume 5)
Colonel George Gale served with the Somerset County Militia, attaining the rank of Major in 1707 and later Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel in 1711/12. In 1708 he was a member of the Lower House of the Somerset County Legislature and served as Chief Justice from 1708 until his death in 1712 at age 41. He founded the twon of Whitehaven, named for his homeland, and he and Betty held several properties in Somerset County and elsewhere that were later inherited by descendants. For a listing see below: PROPERTIES OF GEORGE GALE'S FAMILY, MARYLAND & VIRGINIA.

George Gale died in August of 1712 while still in his forties and while his sons were still young. Since he was Anglican and his wife a Quaker, he left a will stipulating that his children be raised in the Church of England. He left a third of his personal estate to his wife Betty, who was named as joint executor along with his brother Matthew, of Great Britain. He left the rest of his estate to his children when the youngest became 18 years of age. Testators were Robert Catherwood, Esther Denwood, Jr. and Samuel Worthington. The will was probated in Somerset County on 8/20/1712. (Will of George Gale, 6/6/1712, Annapolis WB5/438) Gale's estate was valued at £3,348.12.5 sterling, ten slaves, silver plate worth £28, one-half interest in the sloop
Dolphin, one-half interest in the Bonetta, one-half interest in the Mulberry, part interest in the Cumberland, surveying instruments, a microscope, and books.

Historical Marker at Whitehaven, (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1988)
A detailed accounting in the book titled COLONIAL CHESAPEAKE SOCIETY compared the inventories of two prominent landowners including George Gale who was described as, an immigrant from a merchant family of Whitehaven in Cumberland County, near the Scottish border. They noted that most of his estate ...was in debts receivable, cash money - an astounding £850 - and several ship cargoes. He owned a sloop, a half share in another, a shallop, and a share of the Cumberland, a ship of two hundred tons in the Whitehaven trade. George Gale's mercantile business was the largest inventoried on the lower Eastern Shore before mid-eighteenth century. As a planter he was somewhat diversified. He had a plow and harrow and a cart, indications that tobacco and corn were probably not his only field crops, although only corn appears in the inventory. He raised sheep for wool. He had cider casks and a small still. He had lots of wood plank and two pairs of wooden screws, which suggest a construction operation of some kind, perhaps shipbuilding. His wife spun yarn, and Gale's inventory includes two pounds of linen.

Gale's more than 3,300£ put him in the top .3 percent of inventoried Somerset wealth holders both in the early eighteenth century and over the whole colonial period…..Gale owned a comfortably furnished house with plenty of beds and chairs, pictures and maps for decoration, and :28 worth of silver plate to show his wealth and gentility. But there was little sign of elegance, except for drinking glasses and six knives and forks, both unusual items. Individual forks for eating were a very recent development even in England, and only a handful of estates in all of Maryland had them in the early eighteenth century.

The account goes on to say, early eighteenth-century woman like Madam Betty Gale, who had high social and economic status in the Chesapeake, was too occupied with keeping the family plantation running to begin developing the habits that her English counterparts had already established. Although her husband owned six adult slaves, only two were women, and they were valued as full working hands. At least one, if not both, probably did field work. (Carr, Lois Green; Morgan, Philip D. and Russo, Jean B.)

Betty Denwood Gale died around 1736 and her will, dated 4/15/1727 and proved 5/31/1736 in Somerset County, left her father's land known as
Father's Care on Wicomico Creek and River, along with other real property, to her son Levin and his heirs. The rest of the estate was left to sons Levin, George, John, and Mathias and their heirs. Betty appointed all four sons as executors. Witnesses to the will were Thomas Gillis, Henry Ballard and Joseph Gillis. Both George and Betty were buried at Tusculum, as were several of their descendants. In the mid-1900s descendant Levin Littleton Waters described a visit to the site.
Among the few private burying grounds in Somerset County, of which there remains any positive knowledge, and in which marks are to be found, are the following: At Tusculum on Monie Creek in Somerset County, which was formerly the estate and residence of the Gales, there are several stones and a brick vault. One of these stones marks the grave of Col. George Gale, who died in 1712, aged forty-one years, and bears the Gale coat-of-arms which appears to be a shield bearing crosses above and below, and two griffins with an anchor in the center. The vault in this graveyard has fallen into decay and some years ago, when last seen by me, some of the bones of those within could be seen, on looking in through an aperture near the top. (Ridgley)

ARMS OF GEORGE GALE (1671 - 1712) OF WHITEHAVEN, CO. CUMBERLAND & SOMERSET COUNTY, MARYLAND: [A version of the Gale of Acomb arms was carved on George Gale's tombstone. The rendition opposite bears the notation "Grant of Arms to the Family of Gale, 1712." Since arms are only granted to individuals and not to families in general, Gale and his brothers likely received versions of their father's arms.]

ARMS: Argent on a Fess between three saltires Humette Azure, an Anchor between two Lions' heads erased or. CREST: On a wreath or and Azure an Unicorrns head couped Argent charged with two Pallets Blew (sic) Armed and Crined or, over all an Anchor Gold. MOTTO: Unknown (GRANTED 6/28/1712)

The following article by Brice Neal Stump appeared in the
Marylander & Herald, Princess Anne, Maryland dated 9/9/1976.
Pictures and story by BRICE NEAL STUMP

(Note :) The St. Nicholas Parochial Church Council in Whitehaven, England, intends to erect a memorial stone to the memory of Mildred Warner Washington Gale, grandmother of President George Washington. Mr. Daniel Hay, Librarian and Curator of the museum in that port explained the memorial as an act of friendship during America's bicentennial year, and of the many bonds linking America with England. The proposed monument has been delayed, until the inscription, or the 'exact date' on the tombstone of George Gale of 'Tusculum' in Somerset County, Md., can be obtained and given to the St. Nicholas Church."

Until this time the gravestone of Colonel George Gale has been reported to be in the ancient burial ground at 'Tusculum'. After the 1920's the graveyard was destroyed by vandals, and the tombstone broken and lost. Acting on the request from England, Brice N. Stump began investigation into the location of Gale's grave. Now, after 56 years of being 'lost', the tombstone of this famous colonial plantation owner and shipping merchant has been found and photographed. The photos in this article and others in the possession of Stump are the only known photographs of the Gale marker in existence at this time.

Because of abuse and decay, only portions of the inscription from the slate marker can be given. Enough perhaps to be of use to the St. Nicholas Parochial Church in Whitehaven, England.

About six miles west of Princess Anne is a graveyard on the back of Monie Creek. The graveyard is lost under decades of vegetation and tall trees. The few tombstones that can be found are broken and their inscriptions defaced. One gravestone in particular has been the victim of neglect and abuse. This slate tombstone, broken into several pieces, is covered with rusted tin cans, broken glass bottles and scraps of wire. And it just happens to be the marker of President George Washington's step-grandfather.

George Gale was born in Whitehaven, Cumberland, England in 1671. He became known as a 'master mariner' and eventually established trade relations with Maryland and Virginia, trading primarily in tobacco. During the later years of the 1600s, Gale became involved with a partnership in which he owned a portion of the ship Cumberland, 180 tons and believed to have been one of the largest vessels using the port in Whitehaven, England at that time.

It was while pursuing business in the Potomac area in Virginia that Gale met Mildred Warner Washington. Mrs. Washington's husband, Lawrence Washington, died in 1698 at the age of 33. By Washington she had three children; John, Augustine, and Mildred. The register of St. Nicholas Church in Whitehaven also records the baptism and burial of Jane, Negro servant of Mildred Gale. It is believed that Jane came from the Virginia area.

At the time of her husband's death, their daughter Mildred was an infant, and Augustine was three and John soon to be seven.

Gale marrried Mrs. Washington in the spring of 1700. The tobacco merchant may have desired to settle in England, and took his wife and her three children to England, aboard the Cumberland. The vessel arrived in Whitehaven and Mildred Warner Washington Gale at that time was pregnant.

Records in England note that she was taken seriously ill soon after her arrival in November, 1700. On January 25, 1701, she gave birth to a girl, baptized at the Church of St. Nicholas in Whitehaven. The daughter, named Mildred Gale, was the only child George Gale was to father by his recent bride. Their daughter died 3 months later, on March 26, 1701. Hours after the birth of Mildred, the mother commanded that she have her will drawn. In it she explains the prompt action as she is fearful and 'doubtful of the recovery of my present condition'. The mother died six days after drawing her will, and was buried in the yard of St. Nicholas on January 30, 1701. George Gale, then 30 years old, became his wife's executor and she stated in her will that Gale receive 1000 pounds. Additionally, Gale became the 'guardian' of the three children. It was the boy Augustine who was destined to be the father of the first President of the United States.

Although there is no indication that Gale's moral character was questioned, John Washington (Lawrence Washington's first cousin) entered suit in England, claiming that Gale had no right to the 1000 pounds. England acknowledged this claim in Washington's favor. On April 6, 1704, John Washington wrote, 'I do hereby acknowledge to have received from George Gale the children of Capt. Lawrence Washington…and I do hereby discharge the said George Gale from all further demands on the account on the estates and portions of the said children…(signed) John Washington.'

Gale, for a few months unknowingly controlled the fate of America's first President. If he had not been challenged in court, the trader probably would have allowed the children to continue their education in England, and Augustine would have had the opportunity to pursue a different life other that the one he followed upon the command of John Washington and the English court. George Gale apparently ended family ties with the children upon their arrival in Virginia. His wife and only child were dead, and he resumed shipping in Maryland and Virginia.

Records note that George Gale traded in Somerset County, and it was partially due to his business that the town of Whitehaven (where Whitehaven Ferry operates over the Wicomico River) grew and became an attractive riverside village. So important did Whitehaven become that a town of at least 100 acres in size was proposed for that site, then known as 'Lot's Wife.' Gale is credited with having called the village Whitehaven after the port from which he came in England.

It was during these early years of the 1700s and soon after his wife's death that Gale met Elizabeth Denwood of Somerset County. Elizabeth, commonly known as 'Betty', was a Quaker from Monie, on the south side of the head of Great Monie Creek. Her father, Levin, also a Quaker, was influential in the growth of the religion.

Gale married Betty and settled on a large plantation on Monie Creek. Known as Tusculum Plantation, the estate was the site of a large frame home (with) thick brick walls in the cellar. Present owner in a partnership of the estate, James Hobbs of Fruitland, said that he came to the farm one day in 1959 and all that remained of the colonial building were black, smoking timbers. During a thunder storm the dwelling was struck by lightning and burned to the ground.

The late E. Herrman Cohn wrote that Tusculum (house) was a home similar to East Glen, a structure in Princess Anne on Beechwood Street (since destroyed and a parking lot marks the location). Cohn noted that East Glen was fashioned after Tusculum by Dr. Mathias Jones and his wife, Milcah Gale Wilson (now Chaille). Built in 1802, East Glen had the same 'graceful fan doorway, a hall across the front of the house with fine carvings of the spandrels at each end of a step open into two beautiful parlors with handsome mantels, chair rail and the sides of the window carried down to the baseboard like pilasters and a glass fan over wide openings between the two rooms.' Cohn refers to the style of the houses to be of 'pure Adam architecture design'. This is one of a few accounts available on the Tusculum Plantation Mansion.

It was while living at Tusculum with Betty that George Gale served as a Burgess for Somerset County to the General Assembly of Maryland, 1708 - 1712. Soon he was known as Major (Lt. Col. 1711) George Gale.

Land records reveal that in July 3, 1708, Major George Gale purchased half of a lot known as 'number 9' from Arthur Denwood in 'Somerset Towne on ye Fork of Manocan River'. Somerset Towne was one of the first established towns in Somerset County and today all that remains are legends of this once active hamlet. What is now spelled Monie Creek underwent various spellings. In 1684, it was spelled 'Munny' and in 1697 it was known as 'Moneye' and in 1712 as 'Manny'.

Betty gave four sons to Major Gale; Levin, George, John and Mathias. Whether Betty ever met her husband's step children is not known.

On July 26, 1712, Gale wrote his will. The plantation owner wrote, 'I, George Gale of Manny in the County of Somerset…on this Twenty Sixth of July in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven hundred and twelve, Being Weak in Body but Sound in mind and of Perfect Memory, Knowing the Uncertainty of this Life do make this my Last Will and Testamt'…

In his will, Gale stipulated that his estate being given to his children to be equally divided when the youngest was 18 years old. He gave his 'loving wife Betty' a portion of his personal estate, and named his wife and his brother, Mathias Gale of the Kingdom of Great Britain to be executors of his will. Gale also made it a specific point to state 'I Will that my Children be Educated and Brought up according to the provision of the Church of England'.

There is no mention of the three children that he became the step-father to, years earlier. Some believe that Augustine was so impressed with Gale's kindness that he named his son, (George Washington) in honor of the man he would remember last as his father.

Although the exact date of Gale's death is not known, it appears that he lived less than a month after making his will, and was known dead at the end of August, 1712.

To the rear of the remains of the house at Tusculum is the ancient graveyard of the Gale family. Though only several hundred feet from the site of the house, the graveyard is now swallowed by choking brambles and thick vines. It was here that George Gale was buried.

A barbed wire fence partitions off the graveyard from pasture land used by cattle. Immediately over the fence is a large broken portion of a marker, 8 feet four inches long, with unbroken sides, side measuring 8 and a half feet wide. Centered and near the foot of the stone is the weathered remains of a carved coat-of-arms. As shown in the photograph, this seal has been unquestionably identified as that of Colonel George Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberlandshire, England, and of Tusculum, Somerset County, Maryland.

Gale sealed his will in 1712 with an identical coat-of-arms. The seal on the will bears a crest, and is reproduced on this page. The carved arms are 16 inches high and 12 inches wide.

Mrs. Levin Littleton Waters of Beechwood, Princess Anne, circa 1890 visited the graveyard at Tusculum. She made a paper tracing of the seal, and it has been confirmed in July 1976 as being the coat-of-arms of George Gale. A copy of this tracing was sent to me, and was instrumental in placing the gravesite of Gale as that of Tusculum. If this seal had been as defaced as the other parts of the stone and other markers, this paper tracing made almost 90 years ago would have been the only clue to the grave of this famous Englishman.

Mrs. Waters also wrote in her notes, an abbreviated inscription of the tombstone, (which at that time was still in one piece, but apparently under heavy vegetation). At present, her notes are the only records available that hint of the full inscription. And yet she provides a clue to the most mysterious aspect of the lost wording on the marker. She wrote…

Col. George Gale
Died 1712
Aged 41 years
Son of George

Mrs. Waters did not have the abbreviation 'ESQ', after Gale, as my investigation revealed from the fragments of the tombstone. It is unlikely through her casual interest in the history and background of Gale that she knew as a fact that Gale was indeed 41 years old at his death, and that he did die in 1712 unless it appeared on the tombstone as she wrote it in her notebook. Though broken, the name George Gale has been found and a top portion of the date 1712 identified, and what may be the word 'years'. But Gale's father was John Gale of England, not George. And it is at this point that the mystery still remains unsolved. Based on other direct inscriptions from other stones, Mrs. Waters has been proved correct in her copying, at least for the very basic information, minus 'flowery' notations such as 'In memory of…etc'. But did she assume the name George? Or could it be that she did indeed see quite clearly the notation she saved in her papers?

Gale did have a son named George, too. But the dates from the stone verify that this is not the son's grave. Hidden under a fallen and decayed tree near the coat-of-arms is more of the slab, bearing the words "One Other Son…" And this complicates matters. Did it read "One other Son of John" as Gale was the second of a family of eight?

If reconstructed this slab would measure 3 and a half feet wide and almost 7 and a half feet long and 8 inches thick. Presently it is in at least 20 pieces, and unfortunately the parts bearing an inscription have been covered with dirt and moisture, decaying the surface. Bits of information from England, Baltimore, Virginia and Salisbury are being used to reconstruct the whole inscription and can be verified from the remains at Tusculum. Another name was also found within the broken portions, and it (is) probable that it also says "George"…personally I am of the opinion that Mrs. Waters copied correctly the name she saw, but the joining words that would explain this second George she unfortunately deleted. In other notes telling of the background of Gale, she writes that he was born at Tusculum, which we know to be wrong. (He was born in 1671 in England). The point is she did not know factually the background of the man whose dates she correctly copied.

In 1908 (or earlier) Levin Waters wrote of Tusculum: 'At Tusculum…which was formerly the estate and residence of the Gales, there are several stones and a brick vault, one of these stones marks the grave of Col. George Gale, who died 1712 aged forty-one years, and bears the Gale coat-of-arms.' Later, in the late 1920s, Levin Gale Shreve (now of Baltimore) came to see the graveyard as a teenage boy almost 16. Herman Cohn of Cohn and Boch married Shreve's cousin, and took the youth to see the homeplace of his ancestors. Col. Shreve remembers the slab, remembers the coat-of-arms and the fact that the slab was still intact. But he doesn't recall the inscription.

Col. Shreve also stated that he had to kneel close to the ground and brush leaves and vines from the tombstone that laid flat, about 6 inches from the ground on a rectangular wall of stones that formed the walls of the vault. Sometime in the years that followed, the graveyard was the victim of intense abuse. And the stone that Col. Shreve remembered as 'absolutely lying flat' was smashed into pieces and shoved in several directions and turned over. The largest section of the stone became the base for a trash pile, and had to be cleared away when investigation began into the search for the gravesite several months ago. Using a bush axe to clear trash and underbrush, Hobbs revealed the seal of the Gale family.

Nearby are the remains of a rounded brick burial vault, and it is believed to have been the one written about (by) Mr. Levin Waters; '…a brick vault in this graveyard has fallen into decay and some years ago, when last seen by me, some of the bones of those within could be seen on looking through the aperture near the top'. Clarence Phillips, 83 of Princess Anne, also saw this vault, in the early 1900s. Phillips remembered that he secured his boat on the bank and had to walk past the vault to get to the house of Tusculum. He was able to see "the complete skeleton of a body, in an east to west direction inside the crypt." There was '…a large accumulation of debris' covering the skeleton at that time. Vision into the vault was afforded, according to Phillips, by a 'doorway', that entered into the Chamber, but no wooden door or indication of a door could be seen at that time.

Phillips places the location of this brick chamber directly to the rear of the mansion, yet the one that still remains is several hundred feet west of the house site, and this is also the one believed to have been seen by Mr. Waters. Investigation of the area behind the ruins of the home do not reveal indications of a burial place. It appears that the remaining vault is the one both men have seen, but approached from different perspectives.

The exact number of persons buried at Tusculum is unavailable. The remaining broken tombstones read 'M__Jane Gale, daughter of John Stewart and Wife of Robert Gale, died Nov. 16, 1797, aged 26 years.' Another stone reads, '…Wm. Hayward Esq…she departed this life on the 15th day of August 1758 in the 20th year of her age,' (this stone has a portion missing and it can be assumed that Wm. Hayward was the husband of the woman whose name is on the missing pieces. Another, and the last stone known at present reads, 'In Memory of Della Jones (?)…daughter of William H. and Sarah L. Jones departed this life September 2nd, 1851, aged 4 years, 11 months, and 1 day.'

From these stones we know that the graveyard was probably maintained and was used for other members of the family through the 1700s and certainly as late as 1851. Other grave-markers may still be hidden, but even in the late 1800s only about 5 were visible. Only one of those found was designed to stand upright. And all show strong evidence of having been purposely broken.

At least two more are known to be buried at Tusculum. From records and information collected by Col. Shreve, Robert Gale, great-grandson of Col. George Gale, and his wife Janet Stewart of Virginia are also buried there. [Janet Stewart is the Jane Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, outlined in a preceding paragraph.]

Betty Gale executed her husband's will as requested and continued to live at Tusculum and became known as Madame Betty or Widow Gale. Through an inventory of his estate taken upon his death, we are able to reconstruct the plantation life and living quarters of Col. George Gale and his family.

In 1713 the property of Gale included 'One pair of bellows fire shovels, tongues and table,' and 12 'Caine chairs and a looking glass.' The inventory lists such amusing items as 'Four fancies in frames and York Mints prints, 2 brushes and 5 combs.' Outside of a parcell of 'Silver plate' 'with a value of 28 pounds, Gale's second most valuable personal belonging was a 'Seal Skin trunk valued at 16 pounds.

The mariner had a large 'mapp' and a 'Set of Survey Instrum. and a microscope. Two Rapiers (dueling swords), a sword and two old pistols and a copper warming pan' were also in the Gale household. He also owned a collection of books, divinity, law and history.

Although this lot doesn't seem to indicate a man of means, the inventory noted that Gale had in Ready Cash, Silver and Gold, a total of 703 pounds.

Col. George Gale also owned one half of 'ye Sloop Dolphin with her apparrell, and half of ye Sloop Bonetta with her apparrell, and one part of ye Ship Cumberland.'

The plantation was managed by 4 Negro men, 2 Negro women and children and four Negros. Livestock inventory included 6 cows and calves, 48 head of cattle, 29 head of sheep, old and young, and a saddle horse. Stored goods of 18 Cyder Casks and a parcell of raw hides, 18 barrels of Indian Corne. The owner also had 50 pounds of Irish Feathers and 4 ½ bushels of salt. Mention of mill stones in the inventory indicate a milling operation on Tusculum Plantation.

Gale's estate in personal items listed on the inventory came to 3,269 pounds, much more than needed to achieve a 'respectable estate.' Gale owed a few debts, probably less than a l00 pounds total. One notation shows that Betty Gale paid on an account with Joy Hobbs the amount of 8 shillings. Present owner of the estate, James Hobbs, reported that this Joy Hobbs is his ancestor, and died in 1732. This information was gathered from his family Bible and tombstone data. It is a remarkable coincidence that the family Betty Gale paid would eventually own her husband's estate and graveyard, 261 years later. Born in 1674, Betty died in 1736 at the age of 62.

Members of the Gale line became representatives in the House of Burgesses, Chief Judge of the Provincial Court, one of the first members to serve in Congress as created under the Constitution, and one being a member of the Senate. Another descendant, John Gale of Cedar Grove outside of Kingston was destined to become a Revolutionary War hero. The Marylander and Herald will carry a special on John Gale soon.

For this long and proud line of public servants came Harriett Rebekah Gale and at the time of her death in 1944 was the last surviving member of her branch of the Gale family. Her son, Col. Levin Gale Shreve remains the sole survivor in the nation holding Gale in his name, from this line. Col. Shreve reported that the Gale line is extinct in England.

For the second time in his life, Col. Levin Gale Shreve, now 66, returned to Tusculum to visit the graveyard he saw years ago as a teenager.

It rained the afternoon Col. Shreve came to the old estate. But the rain had turned to a light mist, and pastel gray clouds added a note of quietness and dignity as the gentleman suddenly caught a glimpse of the coat-of-arms. The rain made the carving more vivid and detailed than usual. "It all came back to me," he commented, "and I could walk right to the grave." But things were so different than those days almost 50 years ago. Filled with a sense of excitement to see the site of his famous ancestor, Col. Shreve expressed dismay and regret as he viewed the mutilated marker. And yet there was a strong sense of hope that maybe, just maybe, the grave and tombstone might be repaired.

Drops of water fell from the trash pile near the edge of the tombstone onto the slab, and vines hid portions of the slate memorial. But maybe there is hope. Maybe. (Stump)

This writer visited Tusculum in 1988 and found the old burial ground under a grove of trees near a cow pasture to the rear of a large barn. Although significantly overgrown, a few ground level slabs were partially visible through the weeds, but all that was left of the vault containing the remains of George Gale were fragments of stone, brick and mortar. The only readable tablet was that of Jane Gale described in the article by Brice Stump.
Entrance & Graveyard area at Tusculum (Photos, Gayle N. Mandell, 1988)
Tombstone of Jane Stewart Gale, wife of Robert Gale (?? - Bef. 1797), Tusculum Plantation, Somerset County, MD (1988)
Levin and Leah inherited a portion of the Littleton property later known as Shirley Farm that lies off Route 633 in Accomack County, Virginia, in the area called Hack's Neck. The tract was patented by NATHANIEL LITTLETON (?? - By 1656) on Nandua Creek as early as 1636. Extremely isolated, the site served as an advanced post for trading with the Indians. Littleton's Plantation was referred to in 1650 in the journal of Henry Norwood who was marooned with several others on Assoteague Island when a storm forced their ship, The Virginia Merchant, to sail without them. Norwood's journal gave an account of their rescue.

In 1652 Nathaniel Littleton leased 300 acres of his property to Captain Samuel Goldsmith, and in 1655 a 200 acre patent to John Wise noted that his tract was adjacent to Littleton's. Wise acquired Goldsmith's portion of the land in 1658 but assigned it in 1667 to Hendrick Waggaman. In 1656 a patent for 2,340 acres at Nondui (sic) to Nathaniel's son SOUTHY LITTLETON (1645 - ??) was bounded by John Wise's land, Chesapeake Bay and Arrocock Creek, today known as Butcher's Creek. Southy Littleton acquired Wise's property in 1672 and the 2,270 tract was later inherited by his Southy's children, Hester, Nathaniel, Sarah, Bowman, Elizabeth, Gertrude and SOUTHY LITTLETON II, who died intestate, and HANCOCK CUSTIS became stepfather to his children, SOUTHY III and LEAH LITTLETON. Southy Littleton III died with no direct male heir and, as expressed in his father's will, title to the plantation went to his uncle, NATHANIEL LITTLETON, and then to Nathaniel's son, SOUTHY LITTLETON IV whose will of 1712 left his plantation at Andua (sic) equally to his sisters Sarah Custis Littleton and Esther Littleton and to his cousin LEAH LITTLETON.

SOUTHY IV's widow, Mary, married Edward Mifflen and was to have the shares of his sister Esther and his Cousin Leah until the latter two married or reached the age of 18. Esther Littleton married THOMAS SAVAGE and Leah Littleton married LEVIN GALE. At the death of Sarah Custis Littleton, her interest passed to sister Esther Savage who in 1728 deeded her interest to Leah Gale. In 1731 Edward and Mary Littleton Mifflen deeded Mary's rights to Levin and Leah Gale, and the property was held under single ownership.

Levin and Leah Littleton Gale did not live on the plantation as they resided in Somerset County, Maryland, and in 1751 Hancock Nickless, the Gale's overseer, stated that he had charge of
Gale's Plantation for 26 years. In 1759 Levin and Leah Gale sold the 2,270 acres of land to Peter Hack and in 1771 Peter Hack gave his son George a portion from the original tract. At the time boundaries were given as Gale's old Houses…at the head of the little branch or gut separating the property from an adjoining tract.
X. LEVIN GALE (ABT. 1704 - 1744) was born to Colonel George and Elizabeth Denwood Gale in Somerset County around 1704. Not much is known about his early life and his father died when he and his brothers were still very young. Sometime before 1725 Levin married LEAH LITTLETON (ca. 1702 - By 1742), daughter of Southy and Mary Browne Littleton of Accomack County. [SEE LITTLETON FAMILY, BELOW] Her paternal grandparents were Colonel Southy Littleton I and his wife Sarah Bowman, and her maternal grandparents were Thomas and Susanna Browne. The will of Leah's step-brother, Levin Custis, dated on 3/7/1733 and proved on 6/3/1735 in Somerset County, named three daughters of Levin and Leah Gale, "Whole est. to my sister Leah Gale and her 3 children, Betty, Sarah & Leah Gale. Bro. In law Levin Gale and sister Leah Gale Exrs. Witt: Katherine Ryland, Patrick Stewart, John Williams." Leah's stepfather was HANCOCK CUSTIS, who married Mary Browne Littleton following Southy's death. His will naming Levin and Leah appears below.

WILL OF HANCOCK CUSTIS (Maryland Wills, Dated 8/30/1725, Proved 5/7/1728)
To son John Custis planta. At Hungars in Northampton cont. 1840A. and all the other lands my father John Custis beq. me. To son Southy Custis all that part of my now dwelling planta. In Jolleys Neck on this side of Crooked Creek, together with an Island called Cobham Island, cont. 100A. Bro. Henry Custis. To son Levin Custis the remainder of my land in Jollys Neck beq. me by my father, the whole cont. 1200 A. To son Theophilus Custis all my land at Kings Creek in Northampton County which my uncle Adam Michael beq. to me. To sons Southy & Levin 300 A. at or near Oak Hall which my father gave me. To son Theophilus all land & swamp at or near Mosohgo Creek in Accomack County which I bought of Darby McCarty cont. 133 1/3 A. To son Levin silver tankard marked "M.L.", silver spoons marked "M.L." To son Theophilus small silver tankard marked "S.B." Sons John, Southy, Levin & Theophilus resid. Legatees. To son & dau. in law, Levin & Leah Gale each a ring with this inscription "In remembrance of Hancock Custis and Mary his wife". To Madam Broadhurst a ring with the same inscription. Four sons Exrs., they to consult with my son in law Levin Gale until they arrive to the age of 21 years: Witt: Anne Blair, Thomas Towles, Howell Bootin, Ralph Rutherford.

Codicil: 30 Aug. 1725 - Should my son John die without issue the land beq. to him to go to my son Southy; Southy's land to my son Levin; Levin's land to my son Theophilus, and should they all die without issue I give all the negroes I had by my late wife Mary Custis and ½ their increase to my dau. in law Leah Gale and the other ½ to be div. Bet. My brother's & sister's children, and the negroes I had by my father & their increase, to my bro. Henry Custis. Should Southy die without issue his land to go to my son Levin & Levin's land to my son Theophilus. Same witnesses.

Another Codicil: 10 Sept. 1725 - Son in law Levin Gale to take under his care Southy, Levin & Theophilus Custis until they arrive to 18 years of age, and to then deliver them their estates. Witt: Susanna Preeson, Ralph Rutherford. Another Codicil: 3 Apr. 1727 - To sons Southy, Levin, & theophilus negroes. To son John negroes. Should my sons die without issue ½ the negroes to my dau. in law Leah Gale & the other ½ of my negroes left after my dau. in law Leah has her choice to be div. Bet. My cousins Susanna Preeson & Hannah Preeson, her sister & Elizabeth Upshire, the dau. of Arthur Upshur & Sarah, his wife. Should my sons die without issue ½ of my household goods, plate &c. to the children of my son in law Levin Gale & Leah his wife, and the other ½ to be divided between Robinson Custis, son of my bro. Henry Custis & Ann, his wife, Littleton Kendall, son of my sister Sorrowful Margaret, and James Hamilton, son to Andrew Hamilton & Ann, his wife. None of my negroes who are husband and wife to be parted. Witt: Howell Bootin, Thomas Cane.

Another Codicil: 17 Aug. 1727 - Should my son John to be advanced in estate by his uncle John at any time to be more worth in land than Hungars Neck, then I give ½ my Hungars lands to my son Theophilus & for want of heirs to my son Levin & for want of heirs to my son Southy to div. It bet. Any 2 of his children. Should my son John marry near kin, as a first cousin, then I will he shall have no part of my est., only the point of and where the dwelling house is down to the mill - Sons Southy, Levin & Theophilus joint Exrs. Witt: Thomas Blair, Howell Booting, John Jenkins.
III. John Jarvis (ca. 1675 - 4/24/1720, Charles Parish, York Co., VA) m. Elizabeth Wilkinson (ca. 1678 - 4/24/1720) ca. 1698 and had children, all born in Charles Parish, York County, VA
VI. Ann Jarvis (ca. 1745 - ??) m. James Hudgins, 9/16/1761, Kingston Parish
VI. Elizabeth Jarvis (10/16/1752 - 12/23/1836) m. Richard Armistead, 2/11/1770
VI. Sarah "Sally" Jarvis (4/27/1754 - ca. 1774) m. William Todd Dudley, 9/15/1771
VI. John Jarvis (7/18/1756 - ca. 1822) of Horn Harbor m. Mary Baxter, 5/25/1779
VI. Thomas William Jarvis (3/1/1759 - ??)
VI. Mildred Jarvis (6/17/1761 - ??)
VI. Edward Jarvis #1 (10/18/1763 - 1770)
VI. Edward Jarvis #2 (1771 - ??)
VI. Francis Jarvis A. (8/28/1750 - 1801) married Ann Christian (1753 - ??) on 12/23/1769
VII. Francis Jarvis (1790, Kingston Parish - 6/14/1849, Horn Harbor Cemetery, New Point) m. Frances Turner (1784 - 1864) and received 17.5 acres on West Shore of Dyer Creek from John Jarvis of Point Comfort.
VIII. Henry D. Jarvis (1819 - ??)
VIII. John Haynes Jarvis inherited his father's property with the exception of 2 acres.
VIII. Susan Jarvis Armistead m. Josephus Armistead and sold 4 acres including the house in 1927 to John J. Pugh, Sr. whose children deeded to William Pugh in 1941.
VIII. Francis P. Jarvis (Est. 1810 - ??) - By 1814 about 100 acres remained in the estate of descendant Francis Jarvis, located 3 miles southwest of the courthouse near
Poplar Grove and part of the original Jarvis grant of 1679.
IX. John Henry Jarvis (1844 - ??) married HARRIET MATILDA GAYLE on 4/16/1868, daughter of JOHN & ELIZABETH HUDGINS GAYLE of Kingston Parish.
In Virginia the Parish Register of Christ Church in Middlesex County listed slaves belonging to Matthias Gale and to Gale's Estate beginning in 1733. The Gales were in Middlesex in 1706 when the death of one Henry Gale was recorded in the Christ Church Parish Register, and an interesting coincidence exists relative to Matthias' slaves known as Chance and Glasgow. Somerset County land records list a tract known as Chance, patented in 1747 by Patrick Glasgow that was conveyed by Robert Houston in 1772 to the church wardens of Stepney Parish, including Henry Gale. A Chapel of Ease was erected on 145 acres of the tract. Henry Gale's identity is not known.

On 11/30/1748 the
Maryland Gazette reported that Captain Matthias Gale had died in Somerset County and that he was the brother of the late Honorable Levin Gale. On 5/27/1755 his son, Levin, was named as his administrator. James Rule and Robert Pitt provided security and inventories of the estate were filed in Accomack in 1756 and 1760. [NOTE: An undocumented notation found during research stated that all of the wills for the sons of Colonel George Gale of Somerset County are in the Maryland Hall of Records, except for Mathias, who is an Englishman. This reference is an error since the will of George Gale's son Matthias appeared in the index of the Maryland State Archives for Somerset County. Two additional wills for Matthias Gale were also found in the index, the first filed in England in 1770 (Liber 38, Folio 864) and the second filed in London in 1772 (Box G, Folder 9). Based on the date one of these was the will of Matthias Gale (1724 - 1771), a relative. [SEE CHAPTER 2]

On 4/16/1751 an inventory of the estate of Matthias Gale's associate, Adam Muir, was filed listing payments to the following persons: William Rogers, James Johnson per Robert Swan, John Caile, John Ross, Esq., John Lomas, James Johnson & Co. paid to Robert Swan, Foster Cunliffe & Sons paid to John Caile, Thomas Whitney, Israel Holland, Thomas Clarkson (seaman), Capt. George Catto, George Sinclair (seaman), John Baird, Thomas Gilliss, Charles Ballard, Foster Cunliffe & Sons paid to Robert Morris, Robert King, Jr., Henry Ennalls, Hester Ann Hodson, Col. John Henry, Robert Jenkins Henry & John Henry (executors of Madam Mary Hampton), Thomas Lambden (of Worchester County), James Tilghman, John Gray (seaman), Edward Trippe, William Gale per Thomas Benson paid to Samuel Bowman, John Sumervall, Richard Gildard, Esq. & Sons paid to Richard Orme, Mary Bailey wife of Joseph Bailey, estate of Capt. Matthias Gale paid to Col. George Gale, Francis Lees paid to Charles Dickinson, John Woolford per Henry Ballard, Robert Jenckins Henry & Co. paid to John Henry (in Virginia currency), Robert Gilpin paid to Thomas Price, Sarah Whitney, William Cumming, Charles Williams (sailor), William Marine (sailor), Daniel Dulany, Esq. paid to Ennalls Hooper, John Campbell, Aaron Lynn. Executor: Thomas Muir (gentleman). On May 19th and 20th of 1751 Levin Gale, Esq. received payments from Thomas Muir, executor for Adam Muir. On 7/22/1751 Col. George Dashiel made payments to Dr. Joseph Ennalls and George Gale, administrator of Matthias Gale, from the estate of Adam Muir per William Brown.

Following the death of Matthias, Margaret Gordon Gale continued to live in Somerset County where her name appeared in 1753 on the Levy List for Princess Anne Town in an accounting of payments to individuals for services rendered to the town. [On 3/1741-2 and 3/1746-7 one Margaret Gale was indicted for Bastardy. Her identity is unknown.]

XI. LEVIN: (1737, Accomack Co. - 1791) married Leah Littleton #2, his first cousin, daughter of his uncle Levin and wife Leah Littleton Gale #1.

XI. LEVIN GALE #2 - (1737 - 1791), the son of Matthias and Margaret Gordon Gale, was born about 1730 in Somerset County, Maryland. For the purpose of clarification he is referred to here as Levin Gale #2, not to be confused with his uncle and father-in-law, Levin Gale #1. Levin #2 married his first cousin, LEAH LITTLETON #2, daughter of Levin and Leah Gale #1, and had several children.

An attorney and politician, Levin was admitted to the Somerset County Court in August of 1754 and in 1755 was elected to the 5th session of the Lower House of the Somerset County Legislature. He was also a member of the Lower House of the Maryland Legislature and a Justice for the Orphan's Court of Somerset County and of the Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery. Between 1763 and 1776 he was a Riding Surveyor for the Pocomoke region. Levin was elected to the Maryland House of Representatives in 1771 and 1774 but did not attend. In 1778 he was appointed as a Trustee for the Nanticoke Indians. On 11/17/1778 Levin and two other trustees, William Allen and Henry Steele, made compensation to John Mitchell, merchant, to lay out 3000 acres of land for use by the Indians. The land was described as being adjacent to Broad Creek, originally patented for 500 acres on 6/8/1712 and part of
Green Land, 2500 acres patented by Col. William Stevens and assigned to William Green. Subsequently 2236 acres of the 2500 acre tract laid out for the Indians were sold and other transactions involving the same lands follow during the same year. Levin was elected to the Somerset Parish Vestry in 1779 but fined £20 for refusing to serve. He was an active vestryman between 1783 and 1787 and also served as Commissioner of Taxes for Somerset County and a Judge in the Court of Appeals for Tax Assessment.

A successful Somerset County planter and merchant, Levin was in partnership with John Stewart and Henry Jackson as Gale, Jackson and Stewart between 1774 and 1787. Findings from the Nabb Research Center at Salisbury University, courtesy of Jennings L. Evans of Maryland, disclosed information from an old ledger of the
Brig Peggy, owned by Levin Gale, Henry Jackson and Henry Liddell in the 1760s. In 1766 the ledger noted that the Peggy had sailed to the island of Antigua with a cargo of planks, staves, tobacco, flour, bread, Indian corn, five dozen ducks and six geese. She returned to Somerset County loaded with 836 gallons of rum, over 300 casks of sugar, 4 hogsheads of molasses and 8 barrels of limes.

With the Revolutionary War looming, around 1770 Matthias Gale (1750 - Living 1777) of England appointed Levin and his associate Henry Steele of Dorchester County and Matthias Gale, Jr. of London, son of Matthias and Dorothy Ponsonby Gale, to act in his behalf to sell his interests in the colonies.
[SEE CHAPTER 3] During the Revolution Levin's property suffered attacks from English privateers preying heavily on the coastal regions of Virginia and Maryland. In 1781 Joseph Dashiell reported from Salisbury to the Governor that four privateers had plundered the homes of Leven (sic) Gale and Levin Dashiell, burning the houses of the latter. When Levin died on 10/9/1791 in Somerset County his personal wealth was assessed at £5,583 in current money, 708 ounces of plate, 1.5 lots in Princess Anne and at least 3,412 acres of land in Somerset County [SEE LIST OF GALE PROPERTIES]

XII. ROBERT (?? - Before 1797) married Jane Stewart (1771 - 1797), daughter of John Stewart, who was in partnership with Robert's father Levin. Robert owned several properties including
Stoney Point, Chelsea, Monmouth and Rewastico Hundred, that passed to his siblings following his death sometime prior to 1797. Both he and Jane are buried in the family cemetery at Tusculum. As of 1988 Jane Gale's partially cracked tombstone was still visible in the family burial ground. It read, "In memory of Mrs. Jane Gale, daughter of John Stewart, wife of Robert Gale, Esq., deceased, who died Nov'r. the 16th, 1797, age 26 years." [See Tusculum graveyard photos above.]
XII. LITTLETON (?? - 1815) married Margaret Hollyday (1774 - 1848), daughter of Henry Hollyday.
XII. GEORGE (6/3/1756 - 1/2/1815, Cecil County, Md.) married Anna Maria Hollyday.
XII. LEVIN (?? - by 1806)
XII. LEAH (?? - ??) married Samuel Wilson, Jr. in Northampton County on 3/25/1760.

XII. LITTLETON/LYTTLETON GALE (1774 -1815) was born on 5/12/1774 to Levin and Leah Gale #2. Named for his mother's family, Littleton married MARGARET HOLLYDAY (1774 - 1845), daughter of Henry Hollyday, on 3/31/1801 in St. Peter's Parish, Talbot County, Maryland. They resided in Cecil County where they raised their family.

Littleton Gale was named as one of the stockholders when Elkton Bank was incorporated in 1811 and owned extensive property in both Cecil and Somerset Counties. [SEE LIST] He died in 1815 and Margaret 30 years later in 1845. They were buried at St. Marks, Perryville, along with some of their children and other family members, including Congressman George Gale who lived at nearby
Brookland. His relative, Harriet Anderson, purchased the house and when she died in 1832 she was buried in the family cemetery on the property. She left the house and property to her cousins, Leah, Anna Maria, and Sally Hollyday Gale and donated the Gale family plot to the Episcopal Church for construction of a chapel. The cornerstone was laid on 9/3/1844 and construction was completed in 1845.
Anna F. Gale, d. 2/18/1815, 36 yrs. w/o George Gale
Anna Maria Gale, 12/9/1750 - 6/18/1817, relict of George Gale
Anna Maria Gale, 8/5/1782 - 11/11/1847
Elizabeth Morton Gale, d. 8/11/1899, wife of Samuel Chamberlaine Gale
George Gale, 6/3/1756 - 6/2/1815, Revolutionary War Soldier
George Gale, 6/3/1794 - 11/8/1863, 70 yrs., son of George & Anna Maria Gale
George Gordon Gale, 4/15/1839 - 3/3/1861, 25 yrs., son of George & Anna F. Gale
Harriet R. Gale, d. 3/20/1816, 63 yrs.
Harriet R. M. Gale, 3/16/1796 - 9/27/1830
Henrietta Maria Gale, 8/29/1814 - 6/18/1881
Henry H. Gale, 10/15/1797 - 3/20/1800
J. L. Gale (1855 - 1871)
John Done Gale, 2/13/1815 - 7/18/1815, son of George & Sarah Gale
Leah Gale, 12/1/1857, 72 yrs.10 mos.) Died in the City of Baltimore, MD
Levin Gale, d. 12/18/1834, 51 yrs.
Lyttleton Gale, d. 1815, Father, ch/o L.G. & M.H.G. - Anna Maria R.; Henry
Margaret H. Gale, d. 1845, Mother Levin; Leah L.; Robert; Elizabeth H. & Levin
Margaret Gale, 1/26/1797 - 2/10/1798
Samuel Chambrlaine, 1/15/1822 - 9/5/1865, 44 yrs.
Susan R. Gale, d. 1901

St. Marks Episcopal Church, Perryville
XII. GEORGE GALE (1756 - 1815), born on 5/9/1756 and christened on 6/3/1756 in Somerset County, was the son of Levin and Leah Littleton Gale #2. George attended the common schools and in 1774 entered the College of New Jersey, later Princeton University, but did not graduate. He married ANNA MARIA HOLLYDAY (12/9/1750-6 - 6/18/1817), daughter of Henry Hollyday, and had several children. Anna Maria's siblings were Henry (1), who died young; Thomas; James; Henry (2); Henrietta Maria (1750 - 1832) who married Samuel Chamberlaine (1742 - 1811); Sarah; Rebecca, who married Nicholas Hammond; Elizabeth; and Margaret Hollyday.

According to a letter written in 1750 by George's relative, Matthias Gale of London, the Gales and Hollydays were old acquaintances and friends. Anna Maria's father approved of the marriage, one that ultimately formed an alliance between some of the most prominent Eastern Shore families, namely the Chamberlaines, Gales, Hollydays and Lloyds. Anna Maria's maternal grandfather was George Robins (1697 - 1742) and her great-aunt was Elizabeth Robins (1710 - 1746) who married William Goldsborough (1709 - 1760). Aunts and uncles included James Hollyday (1722 - 1786), Margaret Robins (1734 - 1808), who married William Hayward (?? - 1791), and Henrietta Maria Robins (1736 - 1791), who married James Lloyd Chamberlaine (1732 - 1783).

(George Gale,
At the time of the Revolutionary War George Gale pledged the Oath of Fidelity in Baltimore County on 2/5/1776. He was appointed to the Lower House of the State Legislature in 1784 but resigned in December of the same year. From 1784 to 1790 he was a member of the Maryland State Senate. From 1785 to 1786 he served as a Justice for Somerset County and a member of the Maryland House of Delegates. Between 1786 and 1787 he was appointed to the State Electoral College as one of three state senators from the Eastern Shore. He was also part of a Senate committee to prepare directions for the Maryland Commissioners, who met similar Commissioners from Virginia at Mt. Vernon to arrange a Commercial Compact, a plan for interstate business which proved to be of great value in drafting the United States Constitution. Under the new Constitution George Gale was elected to the First Congress of the United States and served from 3/4/1789 to 3/3/1791. On 3/4/1791 he was appointed by President Washington as supervisor of distilled liquors for the district of Maryland. Also in 1791 he was appointed President of the Bank of the United States at Philadelphia and was first president of the Baltimore branch of the Bank of the United States established in February of 1792. He was a stockholder in the Havre de Grace Company established ca. 1795 and served in the Maryland State Legislature. Correspondence between George Washington and George Gale is available online as part of the George Washington Papers at the LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. Referred to in records as The Honorable George Gale of Baltimore Town, George was a member of the Maryland Convention that ratified the Federal Constitution. In 1796 he was chosen by the Electoral College as a State Senator, was commissioned as a Justice of Cecil County in 1799 and was instrumental in the purchase of the site of Fort McHenry.
George and Anna Maria lived at the home of George's parents in Somerset County until after birth of their first two children. During the late 1700s they moved to Cecil County where George purchased a home called Perry Point, near Perryville, where the family lived until 1800. They later made their home at Brookland on property purchased from John Ryan in 1796. Located about 3 miles from Perryville on the Susquehanna River, Brookland was part of a tract known as Susquehanna. A historical marker noted that the log wing of Brookland was believed to have been built in 1735 and that George Gale added the fieldstone section ca. 1781. A portion of the property was owned by Harriet Rebecca Anderson, a cousin, who moved to Cecil County in 1817 and lived with George Gale's sister Sarah, Mrs. Samuel Chamberlaine, at Bonfield in Oxford. She also lived at Ratcliff, home of Henry Hollyday in Talbot County. Harriet Anderson bequeathed the Susquehanna tract to George Gale's single daughters and left the family burial ground to St. Mark's Episcopal Church. She was buried at Gale's estate and a memorial to her was erected by relatives. Correspondence from the Hollyday and Earle families was addressed to George Gale's family at Susquehanna as late as 1825.

George Gale owned extensive property including five mill seats and races and probably a saw mill. He also held at least 799 acres in Somerset County but sold all of it, plus additional acreage, by 1796. Between 1795 and 1800 he had purchased 2,831 acres in Cecil County, of which 1050 were mortgaged. He also purchased lots in Havre de Grace, also in Cecil County. Between 1800 and 1815 he sold 1,088 acres and mortgaged an additional 625 acres in Cecil County and sold his lots in Havre de Grace. At the time of his death in 1815 he owned about 1,743 acres in Cecil County, 625 acres of which were mortgaged. An inventory of his personal property included 2,600 ft. of pine plank for decking vessels, indicating an involvement in shipbuilding. [SEE LIST BELOW] Like many of his contemporaries George Gale was a slaveholder. When he was a child of 4, the will of Eleanor Nickless of Somerset County bequeathed …to George Gale, son of Levin Gale, slaves to be divided between friends Adam Muir and Levin Gale. (Maryland Calendar of Wills, dated 9/19/1760; probated 11/25/1760) At the time of his death he owned more than 20 slaves.

George Gale died at his estate,
Brookland, in Cecil County on 6/2/1815. He is buried at St. Mark's Episcopal Church Cemetery, Perryville, Maryland along with other family members. His burial was recorded in the register of North Elkton Parish. Though his death occurred in 1815, his estate was not settled until 1840. Some of his real and personal property was sold to settle debts and other debts were assumed by his son Levin prior to 1835. A large tract of land that remained as part of the estate was sold in 1838 to settle the combined estates of Gale and his son Levin.

XIII. ANNA MARIA (8/5/1782 - 11/11/1847)
XIII. LEVIN (4/24/1784 - 12/18/1834, buried at St. Mark's, Perryville, age 51) married his cousin, Harriet Rebecca Chamberlaine.
XIII. LEAH (1785 - 12/1/1857, Baltimore County, age 72) unmarried.
XIII. GEORGE (6/3/1794 - 11/8/1863, buried at St. Mark's, Perryville, age 70) married 12/20/1832 Anna Maria Done, daughter of Hon. John Done of Somerset, and lived at
XIII. HARRIET R. M. (3/16/1796 - 9/27/1830, buried at St. Marks, Perryville)
XIII. HENRY HOLLYDAY (10/15/1797 - 3/20/1800, buried at St. Marks, Perryville)
XIII. MARGARET (1/26/1798 - 2/10/1798)
XIII. SARAH "SALLY" HOLLYDAY (?? - 6/1815, Cecil County)
XIII. HENRIETTA MARIA ELIZABETH (?? - ??) married Henry Chamberlaine of Richmond Hill in June of 1815 at Talbot, St. Peters.
XIII. GEORGIANA/GEORGEANNE (1803 - 1856) married in 1832 to Cornelius McLean (1807 - 1861) a Baltimore attorney. He was elected to the House of Delegates in 1835 and 1836 and later served as the Secretary of State to Governor William Grason (sic) in Annapolis.
Brookland, Log Section (1735), Fieldstone Section (1781)
XIII. LEVIN GALE (1784 - 1834) was born on 4/24/1784 in Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland, to George and Anna Maria Hollyday Gale. Levin attended the common schools, later studied law, and was admitted to the bar of the State of Maryland. On 4/8/1813 at Talbot, St. Peter's Parish, he married his first cousin HARRIET REBECCA CHAMBERLAINE (1783 - ??), daughter of Samuel Chamberlaine (1742 - 1811) of Plaindealing Farm. They lived in Cecil County and had children.

After being admitted to the bar Levin practiced law in Elkton, Cecil County and was elected to the State Senate, serving from 1816 to 1820. He was also a representative to the Maryland State Legislature. On 8/10/1822 he was elected as a director of the branch Bank at Easton and was mentioned in a local newspaper on 1/25/1823 as having locust posts for sale. He was elected to the Twentieth Congress as a representative from the Maryland 6th District for the period of 3/24/1827 to 3/3/1829. In 1828 he declined to be a candidate for re-nomination and resumed law practice in Elkton. Levin and his family were members of the Episcopal Church, Talbot, St. Peter's Parish, in Cecil County. On 12/18/1834 the Maryland Gazette stated that the Honorable Levin Gale died at age 51 at his residence near Elkton.

XIV. HENRIETTA MARIA (8/28/1814 - 6/18/1881)
XIV. SAMUEL CHAMBERLAINE (1/15/1822 - 9/5/1865, age 44) married Mrs. Elizabeth Jenkins (formerly Morton)
XIV. LEVIN, JR. (1824, Cecil County - 4/28/1875, Baltimore, Maryland) married Sarah "Sally" Wareing Dorsey and had children.
XIV. GEORGE LYTTLETON No further information. (See property list in 1840s)

XIV. SAMUEL CHAMBERLAINE GALE (1822 - 1865) was born on 1/15/1822 to Levin and Harriet Rebecca Chamberlaine Gale. He married ELIZABETH MORTON JENKINS (?? - 8/11/1899) and had five children. Samuel died on 9/5/1865 at age 44 and Elizabeth died on 8/11/1899. Both are buried with other family members at St. Marks Cemetery in Perryville.

XV. MORTON (?? - ??)
XV. GEORGE (?? - ??)
XV. LITTLETON (?? - ??)
XV. HENRY (?? - ??)
XV. BESSIE (?? - ??)

XIV. LEVIN GALE (1824 - 1875) was born on 2/24/1824 in Cecil County, Maryland to Levin and Harriet Rebecca Chamberlaine Gale. On 10/13/1856 he married SARAH "SALLY" WAREING DORSEY (10/27/1833 - ??), an heir to John Worthington Dorsey, and had six children. A connection between the Gales and Dorseys was found in the will of Henry Griffith, who died on 4/14/1809. Griffith was born on 3/16/1744 in Queen Caroline Parish, Ann Arundel County, MD to Henry and Elizabeth Dorsey Griffith. His will bequeathed land, including a piece called Tuskulum (sic) to heirs.

Levin studied law, was admitted to the bar, and settled at Elkton, Maryland, where he developed a large practice and argued many cases before the Maryland court of appeals. He was the author of
A List of English Statutes Supposed to be Applicable to the Several States of the Union. He died on 4/28/1875 and according to his obituary he was living at 299 Park Street in Baltimore at the time of his death. His funeral was conducted at Mt. Calvary Church and burial was at Loudon Park Cemetery.

Mr. Levin Gale, whose death at his residence 299 Park St. Wednesday, was announced yesterday, was a prominent member of the bar of Baltimore and the State. His death was not unexpected, his illness having been protracted typhoid fever. He was in his 51st year, and leaves a wife and several children. Mr. Gale was born in Cecil Co., but he came to Baltimore to practice his profession many years ago. He stood very high as a well read and clear headed lawyer, and had an extensive practice in the higher courts…His funeral will take place this morning at eleven o'clock. (Maryland Gazette, Sun, 30 April, 1875)

XV. LEVIN (?? - ??)
XV. WARREN (?? - ??)
XV. DORSEY (?? - ??)

XI. LEVIN GALE (? - 1806) III was born to Levin and Leah Littleton Gale (#2) at Tusculum in Somerset County, Md. He married LEAH JACKSON, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Jackson and had two children, listed as minors and heirs of Levin Gale in 1810.

Levin was appointed a Major in the Somerset County Militia in 1794. He was a practicing attorney and a partner in the firm of Gale, Jackson and Stewart. In 1798 Levin and Alexander Stewart owned property in Princess Anne where the town doctor and tailor kept shops and he also owned several other properties. [SEE PROPERTY LIST] Levin was a member of Manokin Presbyterian Church in Princess Anne and joined with others to make up a deficit in the budget of the Church on 3/24/1798. He inherited the family plantation,
Tusculum, where he lived with his family and at his death bequeathed it to his son Henry George Gale. Levin Gale died in 1806 at Tusculum and George Wilson Jackson was appointed as trustee for his children.

XII. HENRY GEORGE (1782-94 - 1846) married (1) Anne Weatherly on 5/26/1807 and (2) Ottilda E. "Susan" Goslee on 2/8/1831.
XII. ELIZABETH ANN WILSON (?? - ??) married 5/25/1831 to Henry Handy Riggan.

XII. HENRY GEORGE GALE (Est. 1782 - 1846) was the son of Levin and Leah Jackson Gale. He married (1) ANNE WEATHERLY on 5/26/1807. No children were found. He married (2) OTTILDA E. "SUSAN" GOSLEE on 2/8/1831 and had two children. On 7/8/1820 Henry and others were listed as managers of a Camp meeting at Nanticoke Point, Somerset. Henry owned several properties. [SEE PROPERTY LIST] He died at age 64 on 4/8/1846 and was buried in the James Goslee Family Graveyard, north of Salisbury on Nanticoke Road, 2 miles West of Quantico.

XIII. LEVIN J. (11/27/1837, Quantico Dist., Wicomico County - ??) was raised on his father's farm and married Virginia Rider on 12/16/1863. He was Registrar of Wills, Wicomico County, Maryland.
XIII. CLARA (?? - ??) married John Wesley Turpin, 12/5/1860

XIII. LEVIN J. GALE (1837 - ??) was born to Henry and Susan Goslee Gale on 11/27/1837 in the Quantico District of Wicomico County, Maryland. He and his sister, Clara, were reared on their father's farm west of Salisbury and attended public school there. On 12/16/1863 Levin married VIRGINIA RIDER, daughter of W. P. Rider of Quantico. He was Registrar of Wills for Wicomico County and was appointed to the un-expired term of W. H. Farington, who had been shot, as Co-commissioner of Wicomico.

XIV. WILLIAM H. GALE (?? - ??) married a Miss Collier.
XIV. CLARA GALE (?? - ??) married M. J. W. Turpin.

X. JOHN GALE (CA. 1710 - 1744) was born to Col. George and Elizabeth Denwood Gale sometime prior to 1712, the year of his father's death. By 1731 John had married MILCAH HILL, daughter of mariner Henry Hill and his wife Mary Denwood of Ann Arundel County, Maryland, and had six children.

Captain John Gale was a member of Stepney Parish in Wicomico County, Maryland. In 1726 he granted power-of-attorney to his brother George and later to his brother Mathias. He attained the status of "gentleman" in 1733, was a justice for Somerset County in 1738, served in the Lower House of the Somerset County Legislature in 1739 - 1741 and attained the rank of Captain of the Militia by 1741. On 4/11/1741 he was appointed as the guardian of Elizabeth Dashiell, probably related to Captain Arthur Dashiell who was in partnership with John's brother, Levin, as owner of the brig
Martha. on the 1743 Tax List for Monie Hundred Isaac Fowler and Richard Knight were living in John's household. Gale held 1,872 acres of land in Somerset, Queen Anne's, Calvert and Baltimore counties, of which approximately 988 acres were inherited and 884 acres were purchased at public auction. At the time of his death in 1744 he owned approximately 2,300 acres of land, some of which passed to Samuel Wilson. In addition to his real estate and substantial monetary wealth his personal property included a number of books and 37 slaves.

Court records indicate that an accounting of John's estate was filed on 6/24/1748 but was not closed until 10/19/1752. One-third of the estate was distributed to John's widow, Milcah Gale, and the remaining two-thirds divided between their children, George (aged 19), Mary (age 16), Betty (age 13) Henry (age 10), and Levin, (age 7). Appraisers were George and Levin Dashiell, creditors were Thomas Joyles and John White, and next of kin were George, Matthias and John Gale. John's widow Milcah was named as administrator. Payments from the estate were made to John Dennis of Somerset County; William Brown; John Haffington, Jr.; Richard Gildart, Esq. paid to Richard Orme; Francis Lee paid to John Huett Nutter; Robert Collier; Col. George Gale, Executor of Matthias Gale; John White (Merchant) paid by Mr. Matthias Gale; John White; Capt. David Wilson, per Ephriam King; Mr. Dulany; Capt. John Handy; and Richard Dorsey.

Following John Gale's death his widow married the Reverend Thomas Airey (1701, Kendal, England - ??), once 2nd rector of Christ Church, Cambridge, who settled in Maryland in 1726. In 1728 he became the priest of Great Choptank Parish, Dorcester County, married Elizabeth Pitt and had children including Mary; Elizabeth, who married George Gale of Somerset County; Saray; Frances; Anne; Joseph; Leah; John and Louisa Airey. Following the death of his first wife, Elizabeth, Thomas married Milcah Hill Gale and had children, Thomas Hill Airey and Milcah, who married (1) Robert Pitt in 1782, (2) Thomas Eccleston in 1788, and (3) Thomas Martin. Reverend Airey was related to the families of Roane, Gayle, Dozier, Billups, Ramsey and Moore. In 1744 Milcah Gale Airey appeared on the Tax List for Monie Hundred with 18 slaves. Living in her household at the time were Isaac Fowler and John Martin.

CHILDREN OF JOHN & MILCAH HILL GALE (Children's ages were listed in their father's will - MWB33/364)
XI. ANN (?? - ??) married Capt. John Handy by 1762 and inherited part of her father's estate on 10/9/1752.
XI. GEORGE (1725 - 1765), who was 19 when his father's will was written, married at Stepney Parish on 1/30/1750 to Elizabeth Airey, daughter of Thomas Airey of Dorchester County.
XI. MARY (1728 - 1790) married Samuel Wilson (7/29/1735 - 4/29/1790) of
Great Hopes on the south side of Back Creek in East Princess Anne. Wilson was first married on 3/25/1760 to Margaret Parke Custis (ca.1742 - ca. 1768), daughter of Col. John and Ann Kendall Custis of Hungar's Plantation in Northampton County, VA. Levin Gale provided security and consent for the bride was given by Anne Tompkins. Samuel and Margaret Custis Wilson had a son, John Custis Wilson (7/27/1761 - 8/6/1830). Samuel and Mary Gale Wilson had children, Milcah Gale Wilson (1772 - by 11/8/1836) who married (1) Henry Chaille and (2) Dr. Matthias Jones on 8/6/1796 at Somerset County; and Samuel Wilson, Jr. (ca. 1769 - ??) who married ca. 1793 to Leah Gale and who was named as a "friend" in Levin Gale's will on 1/7/1800. Samuel Wilson owned Great Hopes, 787 acres in East Princess Anne patented in 1776, portions of which were inherited by his children. [A Milcah Gale (Living 1799) married Adam Glendenning, St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County, on 10/10/1799.] - [SEE PROPERTY LIST]
XI. ELIZABETH "BETTY" (1731 - ??) was 13 when her father died.
XI. HENRY (1734 - 1803) was 10 when his father died.
XI. LEVIN (1737 - ??) married Ann (Unknown) and was mentioned in the will of John Gale who married Amelia Williams. His son James Gale, "of Baltimore Town," sold 655 acres of
Akam in 1796.

XI. GEORGE GALE (1731 - 1765) was born to John and Milcah Hill Gale in 1731. He married his step-sister ELIZABETH AIREY, daughter of the Reverend Thomas Airey, his mother's second husband, at Stepney Parish on 1/30/1750.

XII. MILCAH (6/20/1751, Somerset, Stepney Parish - 1780) married 10/10/1770 to Robert Harrison (?? - 1802) of Appleby, England. Harrison came to Dorchester County, MD about 1768 and was a merchant, Sheriff, Justice, and Colonel in the Continental Army. They had two children, Christopher and Elizabeth.
XII. JOHN (9/25/1753, Somerset, Stepney Parish - 1813) married Amelia Williams.
XII. GEORGE (5/9/1756, Somerset, Stepney Parish - 1798) married (1) Esther Waters, daughter of Spencer Martrum Waters, who patented Seven Brothers with Samuel Chase, and (2) Mary Waters of Dorchester County. In 1783 George Gale, son of George, sold 148 1.2 acres of Largey and Akalow.
XII. MARY (4/14/1759, Somerset, Stepney Parish - 12/22/1760 in infancy)
XII. ELIZABETH (2/23/1762 - ??) married _____HYLAND
XII. LEAH (?? - ??) Per Fay Brooks, no further information

XII. JOHN GALE (1753 - 1813) was born to George and Elizabeth Airey Gale on 9/25/1753 in Stepney Parish, Somerset County, Maryland. John married AMELIA WILLIAMS, daughter of Planner Williams, and had two children. He became a prominent planter and built his plantation, Cedar Grove, on Gale's Creek in at Annamessex, Somerset County on land his wife inherited from her father. Amelia's ancestor was Michael Williams, who patented land on Pocomoke Sound known as Williams Conquest in 1663. The families of Williams and Planner intermarried and in 1679 William Planner Sr. owned 150 acres in the Kingston vicinity of Somerset County known as Double Purchase, first surveyed for Williams Stevens on the south side of Red Cap Creek, later Gales Creek, a tributary of the Great Annamessex River.

During the late 17th and early 18th centuries Planner Williams owned most of the land on the south side of the Great Annamessex River in the vicinity of Gales Creek and it is thought that he and his son William Williams occupied the property across the creek known as
Cheap Price. In 1730 the Williams family established their home, Williams Green, on the Double Purchase tract on the banks of Gale's Creek and when William Planner, Jr. died in 1733, Thomas Williams inherited the property. On 11/22/1773 a portion of the tract, then owned by David Williams, was resurveyed and when David Williams died in 1782 the property was inherited by his wife Martha and later by his son, Thomas Williams. Thomas had died by 1798 and his heirs, Martha and Katherine Williams, were listed on the tax assessment. By 1809 Amelia Williams Gale had inherited half-interest in Williams Green from her father and on 10/26/1809 John and Amelia sold 326 acres of Williams Green to Ralph Milbourne following the death of Amelia's brothers, Thomas and David Williams. The property remained in tke hands of the Milbourn family until 1847.

During the Revolutionary War John served as a second Lieutenant in the Second Maryland Regiment beginning with his enlistment on 12/10/1776. He was promoted to first Lieutenant on 1/15/1777, serving in Captain John Eccleston's Company, Maryland 2nd Regiment, commanded by Colonel Thoas Price. He fought at the battle of Camden, was captured, taken prisoner and carried to Staten Island on 8/22/1777. On 10/12/1778 he was released with a number of other American officers who were exchanged POWs. He was promoted to Captain and transferred to the 5th Maryland Regiment on 1/1/1781. John served as Aide-de-Camp to Brigadeer General Mordecai Gist beginning on 12/22/1782 until the war ended, at which time he was made Brevet Major on 9/30/1783. He was discharged on 11/15/1783. John received the rank of Colonel in 1794 and in 1801 was commissioned as Brigadier General, Tenth Brigade, Somerset and Worcester Counties, Maryland Militia.

Politically active, John Gale was a Justice for Somerset County. In 1785 he was elected to the Lower House of the Somerset County Legislature and served until 1789. In 1788 he attended the Constitution Ratification Convention of Somerset County and was appointed in 1794 as an Associate Justice of the Fourth District. He served in the Lower House of the Legislature again between 1806 and 1809 and was on the Board of Trustees for Washington Academy in 1807 - 08. Gale was a member of the Vestry of Coventry Parish, Somerset County. In 1798 he claimed an exemption on the tax list for a 24' x 36' frame house in the woods which he donated, along with an acre of land, to the Methodist Society. He died on 1/25/1813 and was buried at
Cedar Grove Plantation. The property is locally known as the Long Farm later owend by Thomas Whittington. The inscription from his tombstone, taken during a visit by this writer in 1988, reads as follows.
St. Andrew's Church & Cemetery, Princess Anne, MD.
XIV. MARIA AMELIA (1821 - 6/12/1827) buried at
Cedar Grove.
XIV. AMELIA CAROLINE (1823 - 7/28/1827) buried at Cedar Grove.
XIV. JOHN H. (2/22/1827 - 4/18/1881) married Leah J. Nelson in 1863.
XIV. WILLIAM H. (12/8/1828 - 2/3/1904) married (1) Anna Isabel Constable (Walker?) ca. 1858 in Baltimore. They appeared on the 1880 Census in Princess Anne. Following her death he married (2) Elizabeth W. Handy (1852 - 1927), his cousin, on 2/9/1899. No children were born to either marriage. William lived at
Arlington, in Princess Anne, and was listed as a physician on the 1860 census there. Living with him were his mother, his sister Maria, and his brother Francis. He was Registrar of Wills in 1870 and paid taxes on real estate valued at $15,000.00 and personal property valued at $22,000.00. In 1876 he served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. William H. Gale died on 2/3/1904 and was buried at Manokin Presbyterian Church. In his will, dated 2/3/1899 and proved 2/6/1904, he provided for the upkeep of a lot in Greenmount Cemetery in Baltimore, owned by his deceased wife, Annie, and the site of her burial. He left all his interest in the farm at Workington to his present wife, Elizabeth Handy Gale, and left his sister Maria C. G. McDaniel $10,000.00. He also named members of his first wife's family, nieces and nephews and several members of the Archer and Walker families.
XIV. FRANCIS (7/25/1833 - 1/21/1868) was listed as age 18 on the 1850 Census and in 1860 was listed as a physician living with his brother William. His will, dated 1/20/1868 and proved on 5/28/1868, appointed his mother Caroline and his sister Maria as executrixes. Witnesses were John C. Handy and Anna J. Gale.
XIV. GEORGE L. (Est. 1836 - 1862) appeared on the 1850 census of Somerset County as age 14, placing his birth year at 1836. He served in the Confederate Army with his brother John and was killed in the second battle of Manassas in 1862 at age 26.
XIV. MARIA C. (1837/38 - 2/6/1918) was listed as age 12 on the 1850 census in Princess Anne. She married a man named McDaniel and was named in her brother William's will as Maria C. G. McDaniel. She died at age 75.

XIV. JOHN H. GALE (1827 - 1881) was born to John Planner and Caroline A. H. Jones Gale on 2/22/1827 in Somerset County, Maryland. John married LEAH SUSAN NELSON by marriage license issued 4/7/1863 and had three children. He was an officer in the United States Navy for seven years and later a Colonel in the Confederate Army for three years and nine months. The Appomattox Roster contains a list of the parolees of the Army of Northern Virginia issued at Appomattox Court House on 4/9/1865 including the officers and men of Captain Wm. F. Dement's Company, First Maryland Light Artillery, Lieutenant John Gale, commanding.
The following excerpt is from an issue of the Mathews News Reporter dated 12/5/1912. The original article was by G. E. T. Lane and outlined the story of Mathews, Virginia, native and heroine, Captain Sally Tompkins, who served the Confederate troops as a nurse and founder of the Robertson Hospital in Richmond, Va., erected for the sole purpose of caring for Confederate troops during the Civil War. "Among those tenderly cared for was Lieutenant John Gale, of Somerset County, Maryland, who had resigned his commission in the United States Army to aid the fortunes of the "Stars and Bars". He was terribly mangled in both legs at Mechanicsville Turnpike, but ultimately recovered, returned at once to duty and with renewed devotion followed the setting star of the Southern Confederacy until its final eclipse."

After the War John returned to Princess Anne and appeared with his family on the 1870 Census as a harness maker, living in the household of his brother William. The family had left the area by 1880 but John's son, George, returned to marry.John Gale died on 4/18/1881. A memorial stone was placed in St. Andrew's Episcopal Churchyard, Princess Anne, Maryland, in honor of John and his brother, George L. Gale, by their siblings.

"IN MEMORIAM - OUR BELOVED BROTHERS - JOHN GALE - Born February 22, 1827 - Died April 18, 1881 - He was in the United States Navy seven years - afterwards in the Confederate Army three years and nine months - GEORGE L. GALE - Who lost his life at the - Second Battle of Manassas - in the 16th year of his age - and was buried on the battlefield.

Memorial to John & George L. Gale,
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, Princess Anne, MD
(Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 1988)
XV. NANCY LAURA (1/4/1863 - 3/26/1932) - [Submitted by Linda Nelson Paden]
XV. GEORGE S. (1866 - ??) married Susan T. Croswell in Somerset County on 12/26/1894.
XV. JOHN W. O. (12/1869 - ??)

XII. GEORGE GALE (1756 - 1798) was born on 5/9/1756 to George and Elizabeth Airey Gale in Stepney Parish. . Referred to as Dr. George Gale Jr., George married (1) ESTHER WATERS, daughter of Spencer Martrum Waters, before 1783. He married (2) MARY HAYWARD WATERS (2/14/1771, Somerset County, MD - ??) of Dorchester County between 1782 and 1795. SPENCER MARTRUM WATERS (Abt. 1729 - 1780-82: Will 2/3/1780) of Dorchester Co. MD was the son of JOHN WATERS (Abt. 1690, Northampton Co. - ??) and MARY ELIZABETH HACK (Abt. 1699 - ??).

In 1778 Dr. George Gale took the Oath of Allegiance in Somerset County before the Honorable Levin Wilson. He was a Private, Somerset Militia, Salisburgy Battalion, with Captain Henry Gale's Regiment from Quantico County from 1778/1780. He was recommended for promotion to ensign on July 21, 1781. He appears on the 1790 Dorchester County Census with two males over 16 and 8 slaves.

On 12/2/1782, 3/4 acres of the tract called
Seven Brothers originally surveyed for Spencer Martrum Waters was resurveyed. It was patented on 6/16/1786 to Samuel Chase and Esther Gale. [Spencer Waters and Samuel Chase had been issued the warrant for the tract, but Waters died. When it was patented his only child, Esther Gale, received the patent with Samuel Chase. On 12/21/1785 Doctor George Gale and wife Esther of Somerset County sold to George Robertson a tract of land between the Northwest and Northeast Forks of Nanticoke River called Peace, taken up by Spencer Matrum Waters, and also Waters' interest in a tract called Hog Yard and part of a tract called Brown's Neglect. (Abstracts of Dorchester County Land Records, Vol 27, Liber NH. #5 dated Dec. 21, 1785)

George Gale died in 1798. In his will, dated 11/20/1797 and probated 6/25/1798, he made a bequest of lands on Quantico Creek to his wife and left five lots in Washington County west of Fort Cumberland to his son George Henry. The property had been given to George by his brother John to be sold. He left to his daughters lands in Dorchester County in the forks of the Nanticoke River, 'they to convey to Williams Waters of John" the title to a tract of land formerly held by their grandfather Waters on the south side of the Manokin River. George apppointed his brother John and Uncle Henry Gale as guardians and executors. The will was witnessed by Peter Waters, Day Phillips and Leah Austin.
To brother - John Gale and Uncle Henry Gale guardians and execs. (Probate Records - Somerset Co. Wills, f. 672-677)

XIII. HARRIETT (?? - ??) married Hugh M. Henry on 1/26/1802.

XIII. GEORGE HENRY (7/20/1795 - 11/9/1821, at age 26) member of Great Choptank Parish, Dorchester County.
XIII. MARY L. (?? - ??) married William Judah of Baltimore.

XI. LEVIN GALE (1743 - 1826) was born to John and Milcah Hill Gale in 1743. He married ANN (UNKNOWN) and had a known son, James "of Baltimore Town." Levin, son of John was mentioned in the will of John Gale who married Amelia Williams. He probably died in 1826 as referenced by an Eastern Shore newspaper article which noted that Levin Gale of Cecil County, a candidate for Congress, died on 4/14/1826 after a protracted illness.

XII. JAMES (Living 1796), "of Baltimore Town,"sold 655 acres of Akam in 1796.

XI. HENRY GALE (I) - (1734 - 1803) was born in 1740/41 to John and Milcah Hill Gale and apparently never married since his will did not mention a wife or children. According to a land transaction in Somerset County dated 2/23/1773 between Ephraim King and Thomas Handy, Henry must have inherited at least a portion of his father's land. He kept a mill there, located on the north side of Quantico Creek. The tracts mentioned included Chelsea and Monmouth. (Somerset County Land Records, Liber F, Folios 8-11) - [SEE PROPERTY LIST]

Henry Gale was a planter, member of the Vestry of Stepney Parish, and a Captain in the Somerset County Militia, Salisbury Battalion, appointed on 1/7/1777. According to Colonel George Dashiell, in mid-July of 1781 Captain Gale of the Somerset County Militia was literally hauled from his bed by a protégé of Joseph Wheland, one Captain John McMullen, commander of the picaroon barge Restoration, accompanied by four white men and nine black men. The unfortunate militiaman was hauled off to Clay Island, 'where he was most inhumanly whipt six lashes' and then hung until they believed him dead. Soon after he was cut down, he revived. McMullen attempted to persuade his crew to hang their victim again, but they refused. He proposed drowning the poor man, but again they refused. Finally, Gale was released after taking an oath not to bear arms against the King. (Shomette)

The following article appeared in the Maryland Historical Magazine in the section titled "Letters and Documents" in the collection of the Archives of Maryland.

Henry Gale to Gov. T. S. Lee
Somerset County, Oct. 8, 1781

His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esq.

Permit me to address you in behalf of a certain John Timmons, an unhappy man who was convicted of High Treason at the last General Court of this Shore, and who now lies under sentence of Death, which punishment he must undergo unless your Excellency will be pleased to grant him a Reprieve, and Remission of the Judgment passed on him, which I most earnestly entreat and hope you will do.
Perhaps Sir you will think this request a very uncommon one from a private individual, and therefore I beg leave to relate the very singular and uncommon circumstances that induce me to trouble you on this occasion, when you have read them I dare say you will no longer wonder at my solicitation and flatter myself as the facts are literally true, they will together with your own natural propensity to relieve the miserable, and unhappy have such an effect as to Induce you to grant my petition.
I think it highly probable you may have heard of the severe and cruel treatment I received from a certain McMullin Commander of a British Barge; but lest the circumstances attending that affair should not have been truly represented to you, I beg leave to relate them, at least such as are most material.
Some time in July last I was with several others (at the house of Mr. Levin Gale) taken prisoner in the night by the aforesaid McMullin, who after Robing the House of many articles and discharging every other person; carried me and the Goods over to Sandy Island, where directly upon our landing I was charg'd with being one of the members of the Court Martial that passed sentence of Death on Mister. This charge being true I wished to evade it, but McMullin without consulting any of his crew that I know of, and refusing me any form of Tryal, Imediately proceeded to tie me with his own hands to a post (upon several of the Crews refusing to do it) and began to whip me on the bare back and gave I believe about a Dozen Severe Strokes, with a whip or Cowskin I cannot say which. He then ordered two others to give me twelve strokes apiece, which I believe I received. As soon as this ceremony was over, McMullin ordered his crew to put a Rope about my neck tie my hands behind me and hang me up to a Tree, which sentence was accordingly executed.

What happened during the time I was hanging I know not, being absolutely insensible, and as I was afterwards told really dead in the opinion of every person present, but after lieing some time I began to Recover, and before I could either See or speak, I heard some person propose knocking me in the head which was objected to by some other person, who I believe was the before-mentioned John Timmons.
Soon after this I so far recovered the rest of my senses as to be able to know and distinguish everything about me, when the aforesaid John Timmons with the appearance of Joy at my Recovery, in a very kind manner assur'd me I should not again be Ill treated and used his utmostly endeaavours to prevail on the rest of the crew to be of his opinion. McMullin still appearing resolutely determined to dispatch me at all events, and for this purpose the Rope was once more put around my neck and I was again drag'd to the Tree, but the earnest and unwearied entreaties of my now poor unhappy friend John Timmons, together with the solicitations of the rest of the Crew, had at last such an effect on the cruel Heart of McMullin that he consented to discharge me on my taking an oath not to bear arms against the British and particularly the Barges and Barge men.
Under these circumstances I think Myself in some degree indebted to John Timmons for my life and in return I most earnestly entreat you will (if consistent with your duty) grant my request in behalf of this unhappy man and your Excellency will confer a very remarkable and lasting obligation on

Your most obed't
And very Hble servt.
Henry Gale
Henry Gale left a will, dated 4/19/1803 and proved on 5/3/1803, that mentioned his nephew John Gale, son of brother George; John Nelson; nephew Henry, son of brother Levin; George Henry Gale, son of nephew George Gale; niece Betsy Handy; Elizabeth Ann Gale, daughter of Dr. George Gale; witnesses Francis James, James Gibbons, Augustus Cannon, and Matthew Bennett.

X. GEORGE GALE, ESQUIRE (CA. 1708 - 1772), referred to as George Gale, Gentleman and George Gale, Esquire, was born around 1708 to George and Elizabeth Denwood Gale. He was raised in the Church of England as specified in his father's will. His brothers were John, Matthias and Levin Gale. He was of age in 1727 and in 1733 was appointed as a Commissioner to establish a town at the head of the Manokin River. In 1736 George married ELIZABETH WILSON (1707 - 1758), daughter of Ephraim Wilson, but had no children.

George was mentioned in the will of Andrew Hamilton, dated 7/31/1741, who left a Negro girl to George Gale who married the daughter of Bridget Leatherbury. He was mentioned again as Major George Gale and was named as executor in the will of Margaret Lindon of Somerset County (will 11/11/1742 - 11/17/1742) but relinquished all rights to Captain Samuel Wilson, a relative of his wife. George left most of his estate to the sons of his brothers, all of whom he outlived. During the 1740s Christopher Maughan and John Ponsonby were living in George's household, the latter probably a relative since George's uncle Matthias had married Dorothy Ponsonby of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England.

Gale was a merchant, planter and a member of the military, serving as a Colonel in 1744. He was very active in politics and was a member of the State Legislature serving in the Lower House, Somerset County, from 1742 to 1744. He was also a Justice of Somerset County in the Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery (1742) and Chief Justice of the Provincial Court. According to the 1743 and 1744 Tax Lists of Annamessex Hundred, George Gale owned 17 slaves. He also owned approximately 2,900 acres in Somerset, Dorchester, Queen Anne, Calvert, Cecil and Baltimore counties. His homestead,
Addition, contained about 1100 acres, which he willed to his nephew Levin Gale. [SEE PROPERTY LIST]

In 1749/50 George Gale was listed as the surviving trustee of Samuel Chase, whose descendant was a signer on the Declaration of Independence. Both George and his brother John Gale were listed in the Baltimore County Debt Book as owning 200 acres of
Chevy Chase. In 1772 Chase patented a tract called Seven Brothers with one Esther Gale for 784 acres on Smiths Island. The relationship between the two individuals is unknown, but it is likely that Esther was a member of George Gale's family. In 1750 the will of David Wilson, a relative of George's wife Elizabeth, states that Col. George Gale, Ephraim King, Richard Waters and my son Ephraim Wilson should take charge of my son Samuel and his estate until he arrives to the age of one and twenty. Wilson's plantation, Great Hopes, passed to son John Custis Wilson. The Wilsons and Gales had intermarried and there was a family burial ground at the Wilson home known as Westover on Back Creek.

George Gale died in 1772 and left a will, dated in 1768 and probated on 1/11/1772,, that mentioned nephew Levin Gale, the Elder, who inherited George's estate,
Addition. Also mentioned were nephew Levin, son of John, nephew Henry, son of John and Milcah Hill Gale; Leah Gale, wife of Levin the Elder; Mary Wilson, wife of Samuel; Cornelia Forman, wife of Joseph; Milcah, George, Elizabeth and Leah (children of deceased nephew George). Property at the time of his death included over £1,982 in current money, 34 slaves and more than 74 books.
ADDITION/LAST PURCHASE, MONIE HUNDRED, MARYLAND: In 1735 Levin Gale #1 purchased part of two tracts, Addition and Last Purchase, except a lot in Whitehaven Town from Thomas Walker who originally patented the 618 acre property in 1724. Levin Gale #2 paid taxes on 1130 acres of Addition in Monie Hundred in 1783 and the tract was later owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson.
ADVENTURE, ACCOMACK COUNTY, VA: Located near the Pocomoke River, this tract was inherited in 1686 by Sarah Littleton from her first husband, Adam Michael. Sarah later married John Custis and in 1700 John and Sarah Custis deeded the 600 acre tract to Sarah's brother, Southey Littleton II, who left it to his only surviving heir, Leah Littleton Gale, wife of Levin Gale #1. In 1725-26 Levin and Leah Gale sold the property to John and Hannah Pitt.
AKALOW/AGHEULOWE/LARGEY, MD: Patented by James McWilliams on 10/21/1686 for 100 acres on the south side of the Nanticoke River. On 11/15/1742 George Givans sold 100 acres of Largey and Akalow to John Gale. On 2/20/1779 John Gale Sr. (1753 - 1813) sold to George Gale Sr. 220 acres of Largey and Akalow.
AKAM/JONES HOLE/SUNKEN GROUND, MD: In 1737 Levin Gale #1 patented Akam, a tract of 2162 acres, part of the tract of Sunken Ground, adjacent to land devised by Col. Evans to Rachel, now the wife of Daniel Cordry. In 1742 The Cordreys sold 200 acres of Jones Hole and Sunken Ground, part of the tract of Akam, to Levin Gale. On 7/15/1743 Levin sold 48 acres to Day Scott except the portion containing GREEN HILL CHURCH or churchyard, and bequeathed Akam to Scott in his will. On 2/5/1744 following Levin's death, George and Matthias Gale sold their portions to James Robertson, rector of Coventry Parish, except 48 acres conveyed to Capt. Day Scott. In 1783 George Gale (1756 - 1815) paid tax of 543 acres of Akam in Nanticoke. On 5/11/1784 Moses and Elizabeth Parks of Worcester County sold to James Robertson's son, Alexander Robertson of Somerset County, their claim to Jones Hole and Sunken Ground, part of Akam. Another portion was sold to Levin Gale #2, son of Matthias and Margaret Gordon Gale and Levin's nephew. On 6/25/1796 James Gale (Of age 1796 - ??) of Baltimore Town, son of Levin Gale, sold 655 acres of Jones Hole and Sunken Ground to Alexander Stewart.

ARTHUR & BETTY, DORCHESTER COUNTY, MD: Levin & Leah Jackson Gale paid tax in 1783 on 237 acres of this tract in Lower District Hundred. John Gale (1753 - 1813) paid tax in 1783 on 279 acres of Arthur & Betty, located in the Lower District Hundred, Dorcester County.
BARE SWAMP, MONIE HUNDRED, MD: Levin Gale #2 paid taxes on 7 acres of Bare Swamp, Monie Hundred, in 1783.
BECKFORD, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: On 5/11/1762 Levin Gale purchased Beckford in Princess Anne Town, 25 acres, ½ of Lot #11. Taxes were paid on 1 ½ lots in 1783. The property on the outskirts of Princess Anne was willed to Leah Jackson Gale and her brother, George Wilson Jackson, by father Henry Jackson.
BENJAMIN'S ADVICE, MD: In 1749 George held a mortgage on 50 acres of Benjamin's Advice as the surviving trustee of Samuel Chase.
BRIDGER'S LOT, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: In 1750 Henry Waggaman and wife Mary sold to George Gale (ca. 1708 - 1772) 600 acres of Bridger's Lot, renamed Waggaman's Lot, for 5 shillings. Property was originally patented in 1663 by Joshua Bridger for 1000 acres in West Princess Anne and re-surveyed in 1673 by Joseph Bridger.
CAREY'S CHANCE, MONIE HUNDRED, MD: Levin Gale #2 paid taxes on 164 acres of Carey's Chance, Monye (sic) Hundred, in 1783.
John Gale's plantation on the Annamessex River. A re-survey from Security, originally patented in 1668 by Planner Williams for 577 acres on the Annamessex River. The property increased to 837 acres and was known as Planner's Blossom. Owned by John Gale and inherited by his son, John Jr., who was under 21 at the time of his father's death.
CEDAR HILL, WESTOVER, MD: Patented 1786, a resurvey of Fair Spring by Samuel Wilson for 541 ½ acres in Westover Elect Dist. Samuel Wilson bequeathed the property to his daughter Milcah Gale Wilson in his will of 1794. In 1806 William Tilghman willed an un-named portion purchased from Milcah Gale Chaille to his daughter Nancy Tilghman. On 6/23/1806 Nancy Tilghman conveyed to Stephen Tilghman land her father bought from Micah Gale Chaille…169 ¾ acres. 1817 Stephen Tilghman willed the same acreage to brother William Tilghman.
In 1772 Henry purchased 112 acres of Chance, patented in 1747 by Patrick Glasgow for 145 acres where the Chapel of Ease is erected. The principals were John Wales and John Span, church wardens of Stepney Parish, and Vestrymen Thomas Holbrook, Wm. Horsey, George Day Scott, John Freeney and Henry Gale. Samuel and Leah Gale Wilson bequeathed to Samuel's daughter Milcah Gale Wilson Chaille in the will of Samuel Wilson dated 1794.
CHEAP PRICE, MD: In 1788 Planner Williams gave 230 acres of Cheap Price on Gale's Creek to daughter Amelia Williams Gale, wife of John Gale.
CHELSEA, MD: Henry Gale appears on the 1783 Tax List with 125 acres of Chelsea in Rewastico Hundred. The property was later owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson.
CHEVY CHASE, MD: In 1750 George Gale (ca. 1708 - 1772) owned 200 acres of Chevy Chase with brother, John.
CONTENTION, MD: In 1736 Levin Gale #1bought 550 acres of Contention, patented in 1724 by Alexander and Ann Leckie.
CONVENIENCE, MD: On 11/17/1843 Margaret Gale, Lyttleton Gale, Anna M. Gale, Elizabeth Gale, Susan Gale, and Robert Gale, children of Littleton Gale, were sued by Eliza Christie, George S. Christie, Henry S. Christie, Robert Sees, Priscilla C. Sees, Susan Malter, Isidore A. Soieski, Elizabeth R. Soieski, John G. Rogers, Frederic Pinkney, Sophia R. Pinkney, Priscilla H. Christie, Gabriel Christie, Edward Christie, and Sarah S. Christie in a petition to sell Convenience, a lot in Havre de Grace.
COVINGTON'S ADVENTURE/COVINGTON'S CONCLUSION, SWEETWOOD, MONIE HUNDRED, MD: On 7/9/1766 Levin Gale #2 purchased part of Covington's Adventure, Covington's Conclusion and Sweetwood from Mary Covington, administrator of Phillip Covington, deceased. In 1783 he paid taxes on 60 acres of Covington's Adventure, 348 acres of Covington's Conclusion, and 800 acres of Sweetwood, all in Monye Hundred. On 10/25/1800 Littleton sold 650 acres of Covington's Conclusion, Covington's Adventure and Sweetwood to Levin Jones and John Leatherbury of Somerset Co. Also in 1800 George and Ann Gale of Cecil County sold their interest in Covington's Adventure, Covington's Conclusion, and Sweetwood to John Leatherbury and Levin Jones. In 1801 Samuel and Leah Wilson Gale sold their claim to Covington's Adventure, Covington's Conclusion, and Sweetwood.
COXE'S LOT, WICOMICO COUNTY, MD: 100 acres purchased by Mathias Gale in 1733 and inherited by Levin Gale #2, who paid taxes on 100 acres in Wicomico in 1783. On 11/23/1787 Levin sold 100 acres of Coxes Lott to James Elzey, Jr.
DELIGHT, MD: Henry George and Susan Gale sold 33 acres Delight to James Bounds in 1841.
DENWOOD'S DEN, MD: 300 acres patented on 12/16/1681 by Levin Denwood near the head of the Wicomico River. According to the Rent Rolls between 1666 and 1723 Denwood possessed 150 acres of the original tract and James Hill owned the other half, which was sold on 2/12/1729 by Thomas Hill to Samuel Tull. Denwood bequeathed the estate to his sons, Thomas and George, and on 2/25/1734 they sold to Levin Gale, son of George and Betty Gale, 150 acres willed to them by their father. On 9/7/1737 Samuel Tull sold his half to Levin Gale and the 300 acre property remained in the Gale family until 1753. When Levin Gale died in 1744 he willed that the property inherited from his grandfather be sold and the proceeds distributed according to his will. Levin Gale's brother, George, sold all 300 acres to Joseph Gillison 3/23/1753.
DISPENCE, MD: In 1750 Leah Gale, still a child, was the only heir of Levin Gale, deceased. George Gale, the only surviving brother and executor of Levin Gale, acted in her behalf when he sold to Henry Lowe 500 acres of Dispence, patented on 12/8/1663 by D. Spence for 1000 acres in Mt. Vernon district.
DOUBLE PURCHASE/RE-SURVEY OF JERSEY & GUERNSEY, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Patented in 1757 by Stephen Adams for 288 ¾ acres in West Princess Anne. Stephen Adams mortgaged to Levin Gale, Henry Jackson and John Stewart as the firm of Gale, Jackson & Stewart on 3/27/1792. In 1805 Alexander Stewart, executor of John Stewart, deceased, and the surviving partner of Gale, Jackson & Stewart, sold to John Whittingham Adams. The property is located on the south side of Gale's Creek across from Cheap Price and was inherited by Planner Williams from his father Thomas Williams in 1768.
EDMUNDS RANGE, MD: Tract on the St. Michael's River deeded on 1/21/1706 to George Gale, merchant of Somerset County, Maryland, by Issac Martindale of Bristol, England. In 1743 John, Levin, Mathias and George Gale of Somerset County deeded the property to Tench Francis of Pennsylvania.
ERLINDY, MT. VERNON DISTRICT, MD: Purchased by Levin Gale #2 during the late 1700s, originally patented by J. Elzey on 5/20/1663 for 350 acres, Mt. Vernon district, from John Crockett. In 1772 Ann Waller sold 100 acres of the tract to William Renshaw whose share passed to Crockett. In 1785 Levin sold part of Erlindy to Ann Huggins for 5 shillings.
FAIR SPRING/CEDAR HILL, MARYLAND: Owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson. Cedar Hill was patented in 1786 as a resurvey of Fair Spring by Samuel Wilson for 541 ½ acres in Westover Elect Dist. In 1806 William Tilghman willed an un-named portion purchased from Milcah Gale Chaille to his daughter Nancy Tilghman. On 6/23/1806 Nancy Tilghman conveyed to Stephen Tilghman land her father bought from Micah Gale Chaille…169 ¾ acres. 1817 Stephen Tilghman willed the same acreage to brother William Tilghman.
FATHER'S CARE, MD: Betty Denwood Gale inherited this tract on the Wiccocomico (sic) Creek and River from her father, Levin Denwood, and left it to her son, Levin Gale #1.
FORTUNE, MD: Planner Williams willed 60 acres of this tract to daughter Amelia, wife of John Gale.
GALE'S DISCOVERY, MD: On 11/9/1804 John Nelson sold to Augustus Cannon Gales Discovery, owned by Henry Gale
GALE'S FARM, MIDDLESEX COUNTY, VA: Levin Gale #2 inherited this property on the forks of La Grange Creek outside the town of Urbanna from his father-in-law, Mathias Gale, and in 1787 was listed on the Personal Property Tax List for Middlesex County. The property was visited on April 11th and neighbors visited the same day included Henry Batchelder, Alexander Bristow, Daniel Lunsford, George Dillard, Leonard George, Meacham George, Benjamin Kidd, Sr., Philip Lee and George Saunders. On 5/4/1790 Levin sold a portion of Gale's Farm to Thomas and Jane Crittenden, but reserved the right to the family burying ground. (DB10/192, 197-199). On 12/20/1790 there is an indenture of Francis Corbin to Levin Gale of Maryland for £763, 15 shillings for a parcel of 750 acres of land between forks of Grange (La Grange) Creek - monies to be paid before 6/1/1792. (DB4/5-6; DB10/201).
GALE'S PLANTATION, ACCOMACK COUNTY, VA: Owned by Mathias Gale and located just south of Old Plantation Creek adjoining the plantations of Thomas Ward, John Custis, and Nathanial Howard. (Land Patent A30/678) In 1759 Levin and Leah Gale #2 sold Gale's Plantation.
GALE'S PURCHASE/PART OF ADDITION, WICOMICO COUNTY, MD: 713 acres in Wicomico County patented in 1737. On 10/10/1738, John & Milcah Gale of Stepney Parish sold 17 acres to Thomas Ralph and in 1743 Ralph willed the same 17 acres to his daughter, Susanna Serman. In 1783 Elizabeth Gale, daughter of John, paid tax on 696 acres of Gales Purchase, Nanticoke Hundred. There were subsequent sales between the Serman and Rider families.
GALE'S SUPPLY, WICOMICO DISTRICT, MD: In 1726 Levin Gale #1 patented 384 acres in the Wicomico District near Whitehaven Town. Matthias Gale bequeathed this property to his son Levin Gale #2, who had married Levin's daughter, Leah Gale. On 4/8/1806 George Gale, Littleton Gale and wife Anne Maria Gale, who released her dower rights, sold ½ of Gale's Supply to Thomas Layfield.
GALE'S UNION, MD: Patented in 1787 for 1450 acres. On 1/21/1794 John Gale traded 19 ½ acres of Gales Union with William Bounds for the same acreage at Locklamon. On 3/4/1794 John traded 33 2/3 acres of Gales Union with Edward Austin for Betts Priviledge. In 1797 lands of Planner Williams, probably including Gales Union, were sold to William Polk. On 6/5/1798 Edward Austin and wife Mary Austin sold 33 2/3 acres of Gales Union to John Gale and on 2/27/1807 John Gale sold 1 ½ acres of Gales Union to John Taylor.
GEORGE GALE'S GENEROSITY/MIDDLE LOTT/MONMOUTH, MD: Located west of Salisbury and originally patented in 1766 for 27 acres by Henry Lowe, this property passed to John Gale's son, Henry Gale, who sold it to John Waters of Somerset County. Waters willed the Quantico plantation on Quantico Creek to his son, Francis Hutchins Waters, who sold to John Gale on 3/31/1787. In 1788 Henry Gale patented George Gale's Generosity for 291 ½ acres. On 8/17/1804 Henry Gale sold to John Gale part of George Gale's Generosity as part of an agreement to divide the land of Captain Henry Gale. On 12/5/1806 he sold one acre to James McCree. On 3/13/1818 Henry sold to James Bounds 15,906 sq. ft. of Monmouth aka George Gales Generosity in town of Quantico Mills. On 7/1/1818 George Gale sold to John Bounds of William Bounds a lot in the town of Quantico called Middle Lott or George Gales Generosity.
GREAT HOPES, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Samuel and Leah Gale Wilson owned 787 acres in East Princess Anne patented in 1776. In 1784 Samuel Wilson sold 4 acres of Great Hopes to Levin Gale, J. Ker, Denwood Wilson, Henry Jackson, William Polk, I. Henry, and Thomas King (trustees of the Washington Academy) for one shilling. According to Samuel's will, dated 4/29/1790 and probated 5/15/1790, he bequeathed a small part of his plantation called Great Hopes and land on the south side of Back Creek to his daughter, Milcah Gale Wilson Chaille, and a portion to his son, John Custis Wilson. (MWB38/713)
HACKLAND/ADDITION TO HACKLAND/LAST PURCHASE/STONEY POINT, ACCOMACK COUNTY, VA: 1100 acres known as Hackland patented in 1662 by John Van Hack. The tract was owned by Levin Denwood between 1666 and 1723 and in 1730 a tract of 1630 acres was resurveyed as Addition to Hackland. Also in 1730 Levin Denwood patented 1963 acres as a resurvey from Addition to Hackland. The property passed to Betty Denwood Gale and then to Robert Gale by division of the real estate of Levin Gale and at Robert Gale's death to Littleton Gale.

On 2/12/1750 Levin Gale willed part of the tract to children George and Leah Gale Wilson. Levin Sr., Levin Jr., and wife Ann resurveyed the property to include a parcel known as
Last Purchase. In 1779 Henry Gale purchased from John Gale for 5 shillings 100 acres, part of 1963 acres patented in 1730 by Levin Denwood. In 1782 Levin Gale held the title and in 1786 Levin Jr. and wife Ann sold 250 acres to Levin Sr.

On 4/12/1796 Littleton Gale of Cecil Co. sold 125 acres of
Stoney Point to Levin Gale, a portion that descended to Littleton Gale by the death of Robert Gale. On 9/23/1796 George Gale of Cecil County, Samuel Wilson, and wife Leah Wilson, sold to Levin Gale ½ of Stoney Point, conveyed by Denwood Wilson and by the death of Robert Gale. On the same date George Gale of Cecil County, Levin Gale, Samuel Wilson and Leah Littleton Wilson sold to Leah Gale, wife of Levin Gale, and Jane Gale, wife of Robert Gale, one lot for 5 shillings in the tract of Stoney Point, which was described as a resurvey from Addition to Hackland, patented in 1730 by Levin Denwood for 1963 acres.

On 2/10/1797 Littleton Gale of Cecil Co. and Levin Gale of Somerset Co. sold 58 acres of
Stoney Point to William Whitney. In 1803 Levin Jr. and wife Ann sold all land devised by "Uncle George" to George Gale and in 1806 George Gale, son of Levin, sold 250 acres to George of Cecil County. As of 2008 the property was called Shirley, or Gale's Farm.

HAYWARD'S PURCHASE, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Property mortgaged to Gale, Jackson & Stewart by John Wilkins was patented in 1758 by William Hayward for 549 ½ acres in West Princess Anne.
HEREAFTER/PART OF ROBINSON'S LOTT, MD: On 6/22/1750 George Gale, brother and executor of Levin Gale deceased, and Leah Gale, only heir of Levin Gale, sold Hereafter to Henry Lowe. Described as part of Robinson's Lott, the land was patented in 1665 by William Robinson and conveyed to Betty Gale by John and Elizabeth Robinson in 1727. Betty Gale willed the land to son, Levin Gale.
HOBBS ADVENTURE/PRIVILEDGE & SWINE YARD, MD: In 1800 Levin Gale, Jr. acquired by Sheriff's sale 75 acres belonging to Levin McGrath, originally patented by D. McGrath in 1755. On 3/15/1803 the Sheriff confirmed a deed for Hobb's Adventure, Priviledge, and Swine Yard to Henry George Gale and Betsy Ann Wilson Gale, children of Levin Gale, Jr., deceased. [Levin & Leah Jackson Gale]
KICKATANK/GALE'S SWAMP/GALE'S TRACT, ACCOMACK COUNTY, VA: Part of a 1675 patent to CAPTAIN JANIEL JENIFER, a loyalist sheriff in Accomack County during Bacon's Rebellion. The tract was 1,680 acres in Messango Swamp on the East side of Kickatank/Kegotank Creek at its mouth, extending north about halfway to Modest Town and at the heads of Messongo, Catt Tail, and Muddy Creeks in Accomack Parish and County. A portion of the tract was purchased in 1708 by William Gordon whose daughter, Margaret Gordon Gale, inherited 980 acres of the property. In 1755 she conveyed a portion of the tract to RALPH JUSTICE (1655 - 1729). son of I. WILLIAM JUSTICE (ca. 1625, England - 2/3/1663-64, Charles City Co., VA) of Kittawon Plantation in Charles City County, VA near Flowerdew 100. Ralph Justice was transported ca. 1668-69 to Accomack County by ANNE TOFT, mistress of EDMUND SCARBOROUGH (1617 - 1671) and later wife of DANIEL JENIFER. He was apparently indentured to her. According to Accomack County court records, he was 16 in November of 1669. He married MARY ABBOTT (ca. 1653 - 1744). In his will, Ralph left 280 acres purchased from "Mr. Jenifer" to his granddaughter, Sarah Justice, daughter of his son Abbott Justice.

Ralph's son was JOHN JUSTICE (ca. 1681 - 1739) who married ca. 1705 to MARY TODD, daughter of JOHN TODD OF GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VA. The son of John and Mary Todd Justice was RALPH JUSTICE (ca. 1703 - 1760) who married (1) Joyce Gore, (2) Sarah Marshall on 3/13/1738 and (3) in 1756, Catherine Harmonson, daughter of Thomas Harmonson III and Elizabeth Robins Harmonson. His will, dated 5/12/1757 and proved 1/29/1760 left to his son, William, the plantation known as Kickatank, conveyed by MRS. MARGARET GALE. Margaret left another portion to her son Levin Gale and her grandson George Gale (1756 - 1815) of Baltimore. The following transactions relate to this property.

3/19/1793: George Gale of Baltimore, heir of Levin and Leah Gale, both deceased, of Somerset County, sold the lot known as Gale's tract to James Duncan of Accomack County: It was noted that Gale would defend himself and his heirs and the heirs of Levin Gale and Leah Gale, both late of Somerset Co. decd.
5/1/1793: James and Anne Duncan of Accomack County to John Burton; 280 +/-, part of a tract known as
Gale's Land, 200 acres of which are in Messongo Swamp, adjacent to Southy Lucas's line, a line dividing Gale's from lands of John Howard, Jacob Taylor, William Hinman, and William L. Lucas [the corner formerly Hopman and Gales, lands of Hopman and John Northam]. The remaining 80 acres are in Cat Tail Swamp on the road from Messongo to Muddy Creek at Robert Bayly's and James Small's corner.
5/5/1793: Duncans to John Litchfield: 100 acres lately purchased by Duncan from Geo. Gale Esq. On
10/19/1793: Duncans to Selby Bird of Accomack: Part of Gale's land, corner Nathl. Bird, Jacob Bird, Bennet Mason, and Solomon Boston, corner agreed upon by Ezariah Bloxon and Selby Bird.
10/19/1793: Duncans to Solomon Boston of Accomack: 50 acres of Gale's lands adjacent to James Smalls corner, Bennet Mason's line, Burton's line and corner.
10/19/1793: Duncans to Dublin Drummond: 25 acres at the side of Galloping Ridge Road along Litchfield's line and Burton's corner, formerly the property of George Gale Esq. of Baltimore.
4/12/1797: James and Ann Duncan Sr., Solomon Johnson, and Zadock Johnson of Accomack to Bennet Mason of same: 14-3/4 acres in Cat Tail Swamp +/- lately property of George Gale Esq. of Baltimore Town who sold to James Duncan (bounded by lands of heirs of Jacob Bird Sr., said Bennet Mason).
4/13/1797: James and Ann Duncan Sr. and Solomon Johnson of Accomack Co. to Zadock Johnson of same: 122 acres +/- formerly the property of George Gale of Baltimore and sold by him to James Duncan (bounded by lands of Major Bird, Solomon Johnson and James Duncan, heirs of Solomon Johnson and Henry Fletcher and Solomon Johnson).
4/13/1797: James and Ann Duncan Sr. and Zadock Johnson of Accomack Co. to Solomon Johnson the younger of same: 45-1/2 acres late the property of George Gale of Baltimore who sold to James Duncan (bounded by the road from Muddy Creek to Masengo, and lands of Griffin Killey and heirs of Wm. Killey).

[Names and boundary lines included Benstons, Thomas Bayly, Selby Bird, Solomon Boston, Azariah Bloxom, William Bloxom, Nathaniel Bird, Jacob Bird, Burtons, Jesse and Keziah Duncan, Eli Duncan, Henry Fletcher, Solomon Johnson and his heirs, John Litchfield, William Levin Lucas, Bennet Mason, Jabez Pitt, James Small, Shadrach Taylor, Isaac and Elizabeth Warner, and the dwelling house of Elijah Lucas, deceased, formerly purchased by Duncan from George Gale, Esq. -- This property is below Saxis in the vicinity of Hallwood at Michael Marsh, Hammock Landing, and Cattail Creek.]

LAST PURCHASE, WICOMICO CO, MD: In 1768 Levin Gale #2 sold 10 acres of Last Purchase, located between Whitehaven Town and Lower Ferry, to Thomas Holbrook for 5 shillings. He paid taxes on 60 acres of Last Purchase in 1783.
LONG DELAY, MD: Land devised by Ephraim King to Levin Gale, sold on 11/8/1797 by Levin Gale, George Gale, Littleton Gale of Cecil Co., Samuel Wilson, and wife Leah Wilson to Thomas Garrettson of Somerset Co. It was described as land devised by Ephraim King to Levin Gale. [Levin & Leah Jackson Gale]
MEMUNQUAK, MD: On 11/9/1797 Littleton Gale, George Gale of Cecil Co., Levin Gale, Samuel Wilson, and wife Leah Wilson sold to Edward Austin 1100 acres called Memunquak in Nutters Neck, that Samuel King was seized of. On 11/8/1798 William B. Bond and wife Priscilla Bond sold to George Gale, Levin Gale, Littleton Gale, and Samuel Wilson and wife Leah Wilson property of Samuel King, deceased - no name or acreage. (Possibly a part of Memunquak).
MIGHT HAVE HAD MORE, MD: In 1783 George Gale, of Levin, paid tax on 200 acres of Might Have Had More in Nanticoke Hundred. On 11/28/1785 Levin Gale #2 sold 100 acres to John Span Conway and wife Susannah Conway, daughter of Bridget Chapley. Same date - another division of land to Levin Gale, Esq. from John Crockett. Samuel and Leah Gale Wilson bequeathed to daughter Milcah Gale Wilson Chaille in Samuel's will dated 1794. On 9/3/1796 George Gale sold 110 acres, real estate of Levin Gale deceased - tract of Might Have Had More, to John Crockett, Sr. On 4/8/1806 Littleton Gale and George Gale of Cecil Co., sold this tract to George Robertson. Levin Gale, deceased brother of George and Littleton, had mortgaged to George Robertson a 10 acre portion of Might Have Had More that was allotted to Robert Gale. When Robert died intestate with no issue the property descended to his brothers and sisters George Gale, Littleton Gale, Levin Gale, and Leah Wilson, wife of Samuel Wilson. On 3/20/1810 ten acres of the tract was sold by George Robertson to George W. Jackson, as trustee of Elizabeth Ann Wilson Gale and Henry Gale, minors and heirs of Levin Gale. [Levin & Leah Jackson Gale]
MILL LOTT, MARYLAND: In 1733 Levin Gale #1 purchased 100 acres from John and Mary Cordry.
MONMOUTH/ADDITION TO MONMOUTH/QUANTICO MILLS & MILLPOND/REWASTICO HUNDRED/WARRINGTON, WICOMICO COUNTY, MD: Monmouth and Addition to Monmouth in Rewastico Hundred was patented by John Evans for 300 acres on the north side of Quantico Creek on 10/31/1674. Quantico Town, taken out of the Monmouth tract was originally patented in 1766 for 27 acres by Henry Lowe located west of Salisbury in Wicomico County. On 5/16/1767 Henry Gale purchased 70 acres of the tract of Monmouth from George Day Scott and wife Elizabeth and in 1773 he was recorded as the owner of the Mill and Mill Pond within the confines of Rewastico 100, his principal tract. On 2/20/1779 John Gale sold 12 acres at Quantico Mill being part of Warrington and 15 acres formerly belonging to Elizabeth McGinnis to Henry Gale for 5 shillings.

In 1783 Henry Gale paid tax on 75 acres in Rewastico l00 and on 73 acres of
Monmouth. He later sold the tract to John Waters of Somerset County. Waters willed the Quantico plantation on Quantico Creek to his son, Francis Hutchins Waters, who sold to another John Gale on 3/31/1787. In 1796 George Gale of Cecil Co., Levin Gale with wife Leah Gale, sold Monmouth to John & Eleanor Nelson for 5 shillings. On 11/9/1804 John Nelson sold to Augustus Cannon Monmouth and Addition to Monmouth. The tract was also owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson and sold by James Gale of Baltimore Town.

In 1828 Sarah Gale willed to her sister Mary Judah, wife of William Judah of Baltimore, two lots in Quantico Mills described as the Mill & Mill Pond within the confines of Rewastico Hundred. Also in that year a notice appeared in the
Village Herald, Somerset County, regarding a Chancery case involving John P. Gale vs. George and Maria Twilley (admx. Of Wm. Twilley), Samuel James Twilley and Anna Maria Twilley, heirs of Wm. Twilley, concerning the properties of Wrington and Quantico Mills which William Twilley had purchased from John Gale.

MOTHER'S CARE/RE-SURVEY OF DAVIS CHANGE/DAVIS CONQUEST/DAVIS LOTT: John and Samuel Wilson paid tax in 1783 on 705 acres patented in 1740 for 795 acres in Westover. Levin Wilson willed to nephew Robert Jackson, son of Henry and Elizabeth Jackson. On 5/9/1803 Leah Jackson Gale and George Wilson Jackson sold to John Dennis with Mount Ephraim.
MOUNT EPHRAIM, WESTOVER DISTRICT, MD: Patented in 1726 by Ephraim Wilson for 375 acres in Westover. David Wilson willed to son Ephraim Wilson in 1750; John Wilson of Samuel Wilson paid tax on 375 acres in 1783. Levin Wilson willed to nephew Robert Jackson son of Henry and Elizabeth Jackson. On 5/9/1803 Leah Gale and George Wilson Jackson sold to John Dennis Mother's Care and Mt. Ephraim.
MUNSLEY/ROKIAWALKIN MILL, MD: On 2/19/1735 Levin Gale #1 bought 11 acres laid out for Rokiawalkin Mill, part of the tract known as Munsley. On 4/1/1737 Levin bought 100 acres of Munsley, patented in 1694 by William Elgate for 354 acres.
NANTICOKE 100: In 1771 Levin Gale #2 purchased 543 acres of Nanticoke 100.
NEGLECT, MD: In 1795 George Gale and Samuel Wilson patented 102 ¼ acres of Neglect, a resurvey from Covington's Adventure in Mt. Vernon. On 10/25/1800 George Gale of Cecil County and wife Ann sold their interest in Neglect to John Leatherbury and Levin Jones.Samuel and Leah Gale Wilson sold their interest to John Leatherbury and Levin Jones on 5/18/1801. On 8/3/1801 John Leatherbury, son of Robert and Sally Leatherbury, sold the property to Lucretia Jones.
PINEY GROVE, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Patented in 1774 by Levin Gale #2 for 21 ¼ acres at West Princess Anne, Monie Hundred. He paid tax on the same number of acres in 1783.
POOL'S HOPE, MD: Owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson.
PRIVILEDGE, MD: In 1734 Levin Gale #1 patented 7 acres of Priviledge in Mt. Vernon that he left to his brother Matt and heirs along with his land near Whitehaven Towne. In 1740 George Gale patented Priviledge for 14 acres in Mt. Vernon. His nephew, Levin, son of Matthias, paid tax on 14 ¾ acres of Priviledge in 1783 and in 1787 sold to John Elzey, Jr. acreage including Priviledge and Whitehaven Town.
QUANTICO CREEK LAND, MD: On 2/27/1807 Henry George Gale (1782/94 - ??) sold 2 acres to John Gale, at Quantico Creek.
RALPH'S PREVENTION, MD: On 6/22/1750 George sold to Henry Lowe 9 acres of Ralph's Prevention, patented in 1688 by Thomas Ralph and located on the north side of Wicomico Creek.
RATCLIFF, MD: George and John Gale sold 140 acres of Ratcliff to William Montague in 1738.
REWASTICO 100, MD: Owned by Samuel & Leah Gale Wilson. Henry Gale purchased 30 acres of this tract in 1805 and sold one acre to James McCree on 4/26/1805. The tract was also owned by James Gale of Baltimore.
SALEM, FAIRMOUNT DISTRICT, MD: In 1787 John Gale purchased 490 acres of Salem, originally patented by John Waters in 1750 from Francis Hutchings Waters. The property, in the Fairmount district, was described as a plantation in Annamessex willed in 1784 by father John Waters.
SECURITY, MD: Two acres patented in 1738 for Mathias Gale.
SIDNEY, NANTICOKE 100, MD: George Gale (1756 - 1815) paid tax on 16 acres of Sidney in Nanticoke in 1783.
SMITH ISLAND PROPERTY: In the 1760s Levin Gale #2 owned a tract of land on Smith Island. [In 1772 Samuel Chase and Esther Gale Waters patented 784 acres called Seven Brothers on Smith Island that is now part of the Martin Wildlife Refuge Center. They sold the land about 20 years later to Richard Evans (1753 - 1828). Esther was the daughter of Spencer Martrum Waters and, according to researcher Becky Miller of Princess Anne, Maryland, Spencer had the tract resurveyed from Two Brothers, originally patented by John Hopkins. He died after the survey but before the tract was officially patented, thus his only heir patented it with Samuel Chase per prior agreement with Samuel Chase. Miller believes that the tract was named for Spencer and his six brothers.] SOMERSET TOWNE, LOT #9, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: On 7/3/1708 Major George Gale purchased half of this lot from Arthur Denwood in "Somerset Towne on ye Fork of Manocan River."
STONIDGE, MD: Levin & Leah Jackson Gale paid tax on 300 acres in 1783.
STONY RIDGE, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: A 300 acre tract adjacent to Stoney Point patented 4/4/1680 by Nicholas Smith for 50 acres in West Princess Anne. Part of a later survey by special warrant for Levin Denwood in 1681, the property was resurveyed in 1709 for 300 acres and left to Betty Denwood Gale along with all other lands adjacent to it and half of the lands on or near The Upper Straights, Dorchester County. It was inherited by Levin Gale #2 who paid taxes on 300 acres in Monye Hundred in 1783.
STORE LOT, PRINCESS ANNE, MD: Leah Jackson Gale inherited from father Henry Jackson in 1794/95.
TENTH OF SALEM, NEW JERSEY: Land in "the west New Jersies" left to Col. Levin Gale #1 and his heirs in the will of Timothy Atkinson, dated 3/8/1736 and proved 3/29/1738, a millwright in Somerset County. Witnesses were John Handy, Thomas Goddart, and William Evans. (Maryland Calendar of Wills: Volume 7/245)
TIMBER GROVE, NANTICOKE, MD: George Gale of Cecil County paid tax on 20 acres of Timber Grove in Nanticoke in 1783.
TINY POINT, NANTICOKE, MD: George Gale of Cecil County paid tax on 20 acres of Tiny Point in Nanticoke in 1783.
TROY, MD: Owned by George Gale of Cecil County.
TUNSTALL COTTAGE/WILLIAM GEDDES HOUSE, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Property in Princess Anne purchased by John Gale in 1807 and held in the Gale family through 1819.
TURPIN'S CHOICE, MD: Patented in 1753 for 100 acres by William Turpin and re-patented by him in 1762 for 350 acres in Dublin. On 3/231769 William Turpin, Sr. and William Turpin, Jr. sold to Levin Gale #2 part of 350 acres except 100 acres contained in original patent. On 4/4/1769 William Turpin sold 100 acres to David Prior. [Levin & Leah Jackson Gale] In 1778 Levin sold 250 acres of the property to Alexander and Hugh Dean.
TUSCULUM, SOMERSET COUNTY, MD: Gale's plantation on Monie Creek, outside the town of Princess Anne in Somerset County. The name of the creek changed over the years. In 1684 it was spelled "Munny," in 1697 it was known as "Moneye," and in 1712 it was called "Manny." In 1801 Levin Gale willed to son Henry George Gale land described as probably the plantation of Tusculum.
UN-NAMED PROPERTY IN SOMERSET COUNTY: Between 1766 and1772 Levin Gale #2 purchased 1,731 acres in Somerset County and inherited an unspecified number of acres in the same county from his uncle, George Gale. In 1773 he sold 500 acres of land in Somerset County to Hugh Dean, a native of Scotland, and between 1778 and 1786 he sold an additional 480 acres in Somerset County. In 1783 Levin paid taxes on 2,412 acres, plus 1.5 lots in Princess Anne and in 1785 he purchased 1,000 acres in Somerset County.
URBANNA, VA, ASSORTED LOTS: Mathias Gale appeared on the Towles Map of Urbanna in 1747 as the owner of 12 lots in that town numbered 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, and 19. On 2/6/1748 Margaret Gordon Gale sold two half-acre lots in the town and two half-acre lots on Watling Street and Creek in Christ Church Parish, Urbanna, to Thomas Turnbull, assignee of George Maxfield. (DB7A/319 - 321). On 5/4/1790 their son Levin Gale, Esq. of Somerset County, Maryland, sold lots in Urbanna to Thomas and Jane Crittenden, reserving the right to the family burying place, indicating that the family maintained a residence in the town. (DB10/192, 197-199)
VENISON PASTURE, MD.: Owned by George Gale of Cecil County. In 1783 Elizabeth Gale, daughter of John, paid tax on 506 acres, Venison Pasture, Nanticoke Hundred.
WHITEHAVEN TOWN/THE LOTT, MD: Whitehaven Town on the Wicomico River, 12 miles below Salisbury, was part of a tract known as The Lott in Mt. Vernon. Once a prosperous port with a history of shipbuilding, the town was incorporated in 1702 and named for George Gale's hometown of the same name in England. A free ferry across the Wicomico River has operated there for over 250 years.
WHITEHAVEN TOWNE PROPERTY, MD: Levin purchased land in Whitehaven Town from Thomas Walker and bequeathed it to his brother Matt and heirs along with the adjoining tract called Privilege. In 1742 Levin willed to his brother Matthias Gale, land near Whitehaven town "unnamed." In 1787 Levin Gale #2 sold to John Elzey, Jr. acreage including Whitehaven Town and Priviledge.
WHITEHAVEN TOWN, LOT #3, MD: On 7/6/1739 Matthias purchased Lot #3 in Whitehaven, formerly owned by John McClester, from Patrick Stewart. On 8/22/1746 he purchased half of Lot #33 from Alexander Buncle/Bunch of Worcester County, merchant, and sold it in 1747 to George Douglas of Accomack County.
WHITEHAVEN TOWN, LOT #6: George inherited Lot #6 in the town from his mother in 1736.
WHITEMARSHES DELIGHT, MD: Owned by John Gale (ca. 1710 - 1744)
WORKINGTON PLANTATION, MD: Built on Back Creek by Henry Jackson of Workington, England, in 1793, this house passed to his widow Elizabeth Wilson Jackson upon his death in 1795. Henry and Elizabeth Jackson were the parents of Leah Jackson Gale. In October of 1837 John Gale purchased Workington but died soon after purchasing the property. In his will, dated 12/27/1837, he left his daughter Maria a portion of the Workington estate and left the remainder, some 976 acres, to his minor children William, Francis, and George. The Gales held the property for the next 26 years. It was sold in 1863 and transferred 11 times between 1865 and 1911. The house burned in 1922.
WRINGTON, MD: Property consisting of 12 acres purchased by John Gale from William Serman on 3/3/1742 and 100 acres on 11/12/1743. In 1828 a notice appeared in the Village Herald, Somerset County, regarding a Chancery case involving John P. Gale vs. George and Maria Twilley (admx. Of Wm. Twilley), Samuel James Twilley and Anna Maria Twilley, heirs of Wm. Twilley, concerning the properties of Wrington and Quantico Mills which William Twilley had purchased from John Gale.

* JOHN WASHINGTON (1692 - 1746), son of Lawrence and Mildred Warner Washington, married Catherine Whiting and on 10/18/1746 their daughter, CATHERINE WASHINGTON (?? - 5/7/1750), married her second cousin, FIELDING LEWIS (7/7/1725 - 12/7/1781, Fredericksburg, VA) in 1746. Fielding was the son of John and Frances Fielding Lewis. [Robert Lewis, one of his father's brothers, was grandfather of Meriwether Lewis]. After Catherine's death Fielding married (2) ELIZABETH "BETTY" WASHINGTON, sister to GEORGE WASHINGTON and the daughter of AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON and his second wife, MARY BALL.
* AUGUSTINE WASHINGTON (1694, Bridge's Creek, Westmoreland, VA - 4/12/1743,
Ferry Farm, King George, VA) m. (1) Jane Butler and had four children. He m. (2) Mary Ball (ca: 1707, Epping Forest, Lancaster, VA - 8/25/1789, Mount Vernon, Fairfax, VA) on 3/6/1730 and had six additional children.
Bridge's Creek, Westmoreland Co. VA - 9/5/1747) married ROGER GREGORY and had three daughters. FRANCES GREGORY (ca. 1720, Spotsylvania Co. VA - 1/22/1790, Fall Hill, Spotsylvania Co.) married COL. FRANCIS THORNTON III (4/7/1714, Snow Creek, Essex Co., VA - 4/7/1749, Fall Hill, Spotsylvania Co., VA), son of Colonel Francis Thornton II and his wife Mary Taliaferro Thornton. MILDRED GREGORY married COLONEL JOHN THORNTON, and ELIZABETH GREGORY married REUBEN THORNTON. All three Thornton brothers were from Spotsylvania County. [SEE CHAPTER 8]


ON 5/31/1700, soon after their marriage, GEORGE & MILDRED GALE LEFT VIRGINIA FOR WHITEHAVEN on Gale's ship, Cumberland, accompanied by a convoy of about 15 vessels. With them were Mildred's three children, Augustine, John and Mildred Washington, and a female slave named Jane. There is speculation that the family had planned to settle permanently at the Gale property on the south side of Swingpump Lane known as Old Hall.

Mildred, who was pregnant at the time of the voyage, delivered a baby girl, also named Mildred, whose baptism appears in the register of St. Nicholas Parish in Whitehaven on 1/25/1701. Soon after the birth, Mildred contracted a fever and wrote her will, dated 1/24/1701 and proved 3/18/1701. She described herself as the wife of George Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, "being doubtful of the recovery of my present sickness." She stated, " an Indenture of Marriage made and executed by and between John Washington one of the executors of my late husband's will of the one part, and my present husband George Gale with my own consent and approbation thereof of the other part bearing date 16 May in the present year 1700 I am empowered to demise by will or other instrument the estate and legacies of my late husband to the uses and purposes therein mentioned." (Will of Mildred Gale, Archdeaconry Court of Richmond, Copeland Deanery) Mildred bequeathed £1000 to George Gale, who she appointed as the childrens' legal guardian, and divided the balance of her estate between George and her children. When her will was probated George was required to give bond of £1000 for the tuition of the children, John, Augustine, and Mildred. The sons, John and Augustine, were placed as boarders at Whitehaven's Appleby Grammar School.

Mildred Gale and was buried at St. Nicholas Churchyard on January 30th. The baby died two months later and was buried beside her mother on 3/26/1701. Jane died on 2/20/1701 and appeared on a list of burials at St. Bees Parish in Whitehaven as Jane, a Negro servant of Mr. George Gale. Jane's baptism is shown on the same parish register on 1/7/1700-01. Although for many years no stone marked Mildred Warner Washington Gale's grave at St. Nicholas, a commemorative plaque was later placed in the tower of the church, the only part left standing after a fire in 1971. Other memorials to Mildred Gale are in the family graveyard at
Warner Hall, Gloucester, Virginia, and a memorial tablet in the graveyard at Washington's boyhood home, Ferry Farm, in Westmorland County, Virginia.

After Mildred's death, George Gale returned to Virginia on 2/25/1702. His right to the custody of the Washington children was immediately contested by John Washington and Samuel Thompson, executors of Lawrence Washington's will, who felt that the interests of Mildred's two sons by Lawrence Washington had not been sufficiently addressed. The case was heard on 4/13/1702 and the grand jury upheld Gale's position as legal guardian and awarded him costs against the plaintiffs; however, the executors appealed to the next General Court at Williamsburg and the decision was overturned. Gale, who was said to have been a kind and devoted stepfather to the Washington children, returned them to the care of their father's cousin, John Washington of
Chotank on the Northern Neck, who signed a receipt for their return dated 4/6/1704. Gale was discharged from all further responsibility and on 5/10/1704 he sailed the ship Cumberland out of the Potomac River bound for Whitehaven.

Around 1705 George Gale sailed to Maryland where he met and married ELIZABETH "BETTY" DENWOOD (5/7/1674 - Abt. 1736), daughter of Levin Denwood (1646 - 1726) and his wife Priscilla Waters Denwood of Somerset County, Maryland. [SEE THE WATERS FAMILY BELOW] George and Betty Denwood Gale had four sons, Levin, George, John and Mathias.
Levin Gale was mentioned in the will of Peggy Custis Kendall, dated 1/5/1735 and proved 2/10/1735, that mentioned her mother with the unlikely name of Sorrowful Margaret Cable. Sorrowful Margaret married (1) William Kendall, Jr. and had children William, Esther, Margaret or "Peggy," Littleton, Leah, Henrietta Kendall, Anne, Custis, and George Mason Kendall. William Kendall died in 1718 and Margaret married (2) Thomas Cable on 5/55/1723 and had daughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Esther Cable. In her will Peggy Custis Kendall named her brothers and sisters, father-in-law Thomas Cable, Nanny Nottingham, Ann Nottingham, Susannah Hutchins, and Elizabeth Marshall, sister of Thomas Marshall. She gave her sister Anne Custis the gold ring she was to have from Col. Gale.

Gale's home,
New Nithsdale, was located at the end of Pemberton Drive in Wicomico County, Maryland, overlooking the Wicomico River. A 1-½ story Colonial brick home with three dormer windows and end fireplaces, it was described by Hulbert Footner in his book, Maryland Main and the Eastern Shore.

On a dirt lane off the Anderson Road stands 'New Nithsdale,' a little house built in 1732. In 1730 Captain Levin Gale, the owner of this farm, called at Bermuda on a homeward voyage for water and provisions. The islands were in the grip of a Negro revolt and the Captain sent word ashore that he would carry any one to America who wished to go. That night two little children were put aboard the ship together with their baggage. The Captain waited as long as he dared for their parents to put in an appearance, but when his ship was threatened with capture by armed Negroes, he was forced to sail. All the children could tell him was that their names were John and Frances; but the name North appeared on a trunk and in some books. He brought them to America. Returning to Bermuda as soon as he could, he was unable to find any trace of the children's relatives. So they grew up in his new house. John North was lost at sea as a young man; Frances married Captain Murray, a Scotsman.

As an active public servant in Somerset County, Levin was admitted to the Somerset County Court in November of 1722 and between 1723 and 1743 served as Clerk of Indictments, Ranger, and Justice of the Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol delivery. He was also a trustee for the Nanticoke Indians. In 1725 the Levy Lists note payments made to Levin Gale, Robert Gant, and William Groom for keeping the ferry over Indian River.

In 1726 Levin was appointed as Justice of the Provincial Court of Maryland and by 1731 he was Judge of the Assize Court on the Eastern Shore. In 1733 he was appointed to a committee to establish Princess Anne Town on the Manokin River and between 1725 and 1737 he served in the Lower House of the Somerset County Legislature; however around 1732-34 he was discharged from his duties for accepting a government position of trust and profit after the election. On 3/3/1737 he signed a petition to Governor Samuel Ogle by various inhabitants and grain traders to repeal a recent act of Assembly affecting the upper Chesapeake Bay that was said to have a negative impact on the state of Pennsylvania. He also served as a Land Office Judge between 1734 and 1738.

During the convention in 1738 Levin was appointed to the Upper House of the Legislature and on 5/15/1738 he qualified to serve on the Governor's Council, serving until his death in 1744. On 3/5/1742 Levin corresponded with Conrad Weiser of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England, his father's homeland, to ask Weiser's assistance in establishing a treaty with the Northern Indians as requested by the governor of Maryland. On 6/3/1743 Levin expressed his thanks to Weiser for his efforts and stated that he would buy gifts for treating with the Indians while in London.

An active churchman, Levin donated an acre of land to the Presbyterians to erect a church and appeared in 1740 as a churchwarden for St. Anne's Parish in Ann Arundel County. He also served in the military and by 1727 had attained the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Somerset County Militia and was also a naval officer for Pocomoke, Maryland, but resigned in 1740. In 1742 he was commissioned as Major General of the Eastern Shore.

Levin was a prosperous merchant engaged in trade to the West Indies during a time when pirates and privateers, operating under the guise of some of England's more formidable enemies, sailed the oceans of the world. The West Indies trade routes were particularly lucrative and schooners were the favored vessels due to their speed and ability to outrun adversaries. Somerset and Worcester Counties "launched more schooners than any other part of Maryland…While Virginia shipping records from this early period have not survived, Maryland registers reveal that the lower Eastern Shore counties of the two colonies conducted active trade before 1700 in grain, meat and wood products…The West Indies trade required aggressive owners and clever masters. Levin Gale of Somerset led his region just as Dr. Charles Carroll provided leadership on the Western Shore." (Footner)

Operating as Col. Levin Gale & Company, Levin and brothers, Matthias, George and John, were engaged in numerous mercantile activities. He was among the merchants of Somerset and Worcester Counties who owned most of Maryland's first schooners an in 1728 owned an ironworks and a schooner with partners John Caldwell, Robert King, Archibald Smith and Alexander Draper. Described as a shipping magnate, Levin owned the largest merchant fleet in Somerset County including several brigs and at least two schooners,
Sarah and Bladen. Between 1734 and 1742 he owned nine vessels, including one ship of 95 tons, four brigs in the 35 to 50 ton range, two schooners between 30 and 45 tons, and two sloops at 30 and 12 tons. Of these, five of the nine vessels belonged to him alone. Of the others he owned the ship Levin and Leah, 95 tons, together with Matthias Gale; the brigantine Martha, 35 tons, with Captain Arthur Dashiel; the brigantine Brereton, 55 tons, with Robert Henry and John Williams; and the schooner Sarah, 30 tons, with Edward Chambers, Robert Graham and Aaron Lynn.

Another of Levin's associates was Captain Adam Muir (?? - 11/11/1747) a plantation owner, merchant, and the owner of the Brigantine
Sea Nymph, registered as "…about fifty tons, square sterned, built in Dorcester County in the year 1735. (Footner) On 8/31/1741 Adam Muir was named as owner and master of the snow St. Andrew, 60 tons, built at Philadelphia in 1730. Both Gale and Muir appeared in a Register entry dated 5/7/1741 for the sloop Lucky Nancy, 30 tons, built in Norfolk, VA in 1738. The two men were also named as overseers in the will of John Rider of Dorchester County dated 2/15/1739/40 and proved 4/9/1740.

In addition to his maritime interests Levin also owned extensive property. He inherited 709 acres in Somerset County from his father and acquired 2,270 acres in Accomack County owned by the Littleton family. He also owned at least 3,715 acres in Somerset between 1726 and 1742. He owned one-eighth of 823 acres as a partner in the firm of Col. Levin Gale and Company in 1728 and inherited 280 acres in Somerset County from his mother in 1736. By 1743 he had sold 1,223 acres in Somerset County.

Levin Gale died by April of 1744 and at the time his land holdings included at least 3,481 acres in Somerset County, 1/8th of 823 acres in Somerset County that belonged to the partnership of Col. Levin Gale and Company, and 2,270 acres in Accomack County, VA. His will, dated 2/16/1742 and entered into probate by his brother Matthias in Accomack County on 2/26/1744, named as executors his brothers George, John and Matt and his daughter Leah. On 5/3/1744 George refused his executorship. Witnesses to the will were Patrick Stewart, Henry Wanchope and Hester Ann Hudson.

Levin left to his brother Matt and heirs, "...
land near White Haventown (sic) which testator bought from Thomas Walker and Privilege adjoining to it, he allowing my dau. Leah what the said land cost me. To Day Scott he left that part of a tract of land which he has purchased called Akam, being part of a tract called Sunken Ground adj. the land devised by Col. Evans to Rachel, now the wife of Daniel Cordry, & being the land formerly sold by Edward Day. He left personal property to brothers George and Matt and their wives and made a bequest of 20£ to the poor widows of the county. He left to his daughter Leah the… residue of estate, real and personal. Testator leaves his dau. Under the guardianship of his three bros. Until she reaches 21 or marries. She not to marry anyone without the consent of the bros. Afsd. (WB8, Levin Gale, 1744) Leah is not mentioned in her husband's will and may have pre-deceased him. In 1738 Levin was called home from a meeting of the Maryland - Pennsylvania Boundary Commission due to an illness in his family. Whether Leah or another family member was ill at the time is unknown.

Levin's estate was appraised at £9,078.18.5 consisting of 43 slaves, over 416 ounces of silver plate, five gold rings, five books, an ironworks property with one servant and one schooner, and extensive land holdings. The settlement of the estate lasted at least until 6/28/1751 when William Hunt and John Hanbury, trustees of the Paper Currency, London, filed an accounting to commissioners of the Paper Currency, Charles Hammond, Robert Gordon and George Steuart. The accounting showed an amount of £2327, 14 shillings, and 9 pence cash, £11,000 in capital stock in the Bank of England, and a credit for £500 paid by Matt and William Gale of Whitehaven on account of the estate of Col. Levin Gale.

XI. LEAH LITTLETON (ca. 1721 - ??) married Levin Gale (ca. 1730 - 1791), son of Mathias & Margaret Gordon Gale.
XI. BETTY (?? - ??)
XI. SARAH (?? - ??)
[Betty and Sarah were not mentioned in Levin Gale's will and may have pre-deceased him.]
John Gale's estate included 3,340 acres of land in Somerset, Wicomico, and Dorchester Counties, plus 200 acres that he referred to in his will as military lands. His will named nephew Levin, the Elder; Levin son of John; nephew Henry; Leah, wife of Levin; Margaret Denwood; Henry; Mary Wilson, wife of Samuel; Milcah; George; Eliza and Leah, children of deceased nephew, George; and Cornelia Forman, wife of Joseph. Like most of his friends and neighbors John owned slaves, 80 at the time of his death. The number was included in an inventory of his personal property which was assessed at £7,220. According to the tax list for 1793, John Gale was charged with 3,399 acres in Somerset County. [SEE PROPRTY LIST]

XIII. JOHN PLANNER (1797 - 1840) married Caroline A. H. Jones on 9/9/1819.
XIII. MILCAH (1791 - 1836) married on 4/15/1819 to James Billings Steele, Esq. (1794 - 1850) on 4/15/1819. James was the son of HENRY STEELE (ca. 1718 or 1731, Whitehaven, Cumberland - 1782) and his wife, ANN BILLINGS (1736 - 1788), daughter of JAMES BILLINGS (??, Whitehaven, Cumberland, Eng. - 9/14/1747, Vienna, MD) and his wife, Ann RIDER, daughter of COL. JOHN RIDER, ESQ. (Est. 1713 - 1756). Milcah died at age 45 and was buried in Christ Church Episcopal Cemetery in Cambridge, Dorchester County, MD.

XIII. JOHN PLANNER GALE (1797 - Will dated 1837) was born on 11/21/1797 in Somerset County, Maryland to John and Amelia Williams Gale. He married CAROLINE A. H. JONES (10/14/1799 - 12/8/1872), daughter of William H. and Eleanor Hayward Jones, in Somerset County on 9/9/1819. The couple had seven children and lived at Cedar Grove, the Gale home on the Annamessex River that John inherited from his father. John Planner Gale, was active in community affairs, owned several slaves, and held several properties. [SEE PROPERTY LIST] His will, dated 12/27/1837, bequeathed to his minor son John the estates of Cedar Grove and Planner's Blossom. He left his daughter Maria a portion of the Workington estate on Back Creek and the remainder of the tract to his children William, Francis and George. He also made a bequest to his wife and mentioned his father, General John Gale. Executors of the will were his wife and John Upshur Dennis of Worcester County and witnesses were William W. Handy, George Handy, William W. Johnston, and John Woolford.

Owner Elizabeth Gale: 19 un-named Negroes. (Nanticoke Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s)
Owner Col. George Gale (1671 - 1712): NEGRO SERVANT JANE: Traveled with George and Mildred Warner Washington Gale to Whitehaven, Cumberland, England. Jane's baptism was recorded in the register of St. Bees Parish on 1/7/1700-01. She died on 2/20/1701 and was buried at St. Bees. Also Gale's estate, 20 un-named slaves.
Owner Betty Gale (1674 - Abt. 1736), widow of Colonel George Gale: MESSENGER, DUBLIN, SIMUS, SCIPIO, BINDA & NANNY. (Wicomico Hundred Tax List, 1723) JEMY, CEASAR, BESS, PHEBY & ROSE. (Munney (sic) Hundred Tax List, 6/18/1723)
Owner George Gale (1756 - 1815): Un-named slaves (The will of Eleanor Nickless of Somerset County bequeathed …to George Gale, son of Levin Gale, slaves to be divided between friends Adam Muir and Levin Gale. (Maryland Calendar of Wills, dated 9/19/1760; probated 11/25/1760)
Owner George Gale Esq. (CA. 1708 - 1772): BEANDA, DOMINICK, DINAH, ISAAC, JACK (1), JACK (2), JAMEY, JENNEY, JOE, LEMAS, LUCY, MARSS, NANNY, NIMROD, PARTHENA, POLLY, SARAH, SIPPIO. (Annamessex Hundred Tax Lists, 1743 and 1744. In 1744 the tax list names the same slaves with the exception of Sippio. Another slave, Jenney, was added. Also 34 un-named slaves. (MWB 38/713)
Owner Capt. Henry Gale: 22 un-named Negroes (Rewastico Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s)
Owner John Gale (CA. 1710 - 1744): BARSHA; BECK; BARBY; CEASAR; GALLAWAY; GOLAR; HENRY/HARRY; JUDEY/JUDEA; JEMY/JEMMY; KERRY; MESSEY; MOLE/MOLLEY; OVID/OBED; PHEBY; PHILL; ROSE; SAMBO; SIPIO/SIB; TOM; TOWNSIDE. (Monie Hundred Tax List, 1743 - 1744). Also John Gale's estate, 37 un-named slaves.
Owner Milcah Hill Gale Airey: (John Gale's widow married Reverend Thomas Airey): 18 un-named slaves (Monie Hundred Tax List, 1744)
Owner John Gale (1753 - 1813)
, son of George & Elizabeth Airey Gale: 80 un-named slaves (Estate inventory, John Gale)
Owner John Planner Gale (1797 - Will dated 1837), son of John and Amelia Williams Gale: Un-named slaves.
Owner Col. John Gale: 2 un-named Negroes: (Great Annamessex Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s, Superintendent for Robert Jone's children) 16 un-named Negroes (Great Annamessex Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s) 15 un-named Negroes (Nanticoke Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s, James Mitchell, Superintendent)
Owner Levin Gale (ABT. 1704 - 1744): HOPE, PLEASANT & NABB (Somerset County Tax List, 1723); 29 un-named slaves (Mattapany (sic) Tax List, 1742); ABIGAIL, BELLA, BESS, BUCK, BUSA, DICK, DINAH, FLORAH, FRANK, GEORGE, HANNAY, HARRY, HOPE (1), HOPE (2), ISHMEL, JACK, JACOB, JEHU, JOBE, JOYCE, MOREER, PARAKET, PATIENCE, PULLERT, PEGG, PETER, ROBIN, ROSE, & WILL. (Mattapany Hundred Tax List, 1743); 43 un-named slaves (Estate appraisal). Also 36 un-named Negroes (Monie Hundred, Somerset Co., 1700s, Fox & Smith, Superintendents)
Owner Levin Gale #2 - (1737 - 1791), son of Matthias & Margaret Gordon Gale: 51 un-named slaves, some of whom were inherited from his father.
Owner Levin Gale, Near Oxford: NEGRO JACOB, NEGRO JIM & WIFE NAN: (On 4/5/1814 the Republican Star advertised, "Runaway negro, JACOB, about 26 years, also JIM, about 56 years, his wife NAN, about same age; may be lurking in Dorchester County.)
Owner Mary Gale: 10 UN-NAMED NEGROES (Rewastico Hundred, Somerset County, 1700s)
Owner Matthias Gale (Aft. 1705 - 1748): CESER, DUBLIN, GEORGE, JACK, ROSE, VIOLET. (Mattapany (sic) Hundred Tax List, 1743); CESAR, DUBLIN, GEORGE, JACK, ROSE, VIOLET + SLAVES: BELLA, BESS, BUCK, DICK, FRANK, HANER, HARRY, HOPE, ISHMEL, JACK (2), JACOB, JEHU, JOBE, JOYCE, JUDEY, JEMIE, MAREAH, MOLL, PARRAKET, PATIENCE, PETER, PUCKERT, ROBIN, & WILL. (Mattapany (sic) Hundred Tax List, 1744); MATTHIAS GALE/GAILE & GALE'S ESTATE: BESS, daughter of Chance (3/28/1747 - ??); BETTY (1758 - ??); CATE; CHANCE; DICK, son of Hannah (1741 - ??); DOLL, daughter of Hannah (1736 - 2/1/1736); GEORGE (?? - 2/2/1739-40); GEORGE (1756 - ??); GLASGOW (1735 - 1745); HANAH (?? - 10/28/1734); HARRY, son of Hannah (4/19/1739 - ??); HOPE, daughter of Kate (1758 - ??); JACK (?? - 1/26/1733); JEMMY, son of Hannah (1/25/1736 - ??); JENY, daughter of Cate (7/17/1742 - ??); NAN; JOE, son of Cate (3/7/1752 - ??); KATE, (?? - 1735); SUE, daughter of Bess (?? - ??); SAMPSON, son of Nan (5/1/1741 - 6/15/1742); TOM, son of Hannah, (1743 - ??); UN-NAMED (3/19/1752 - ??) - (Christ Church Parish Register, beginning 1733)
Owner WILLIAM GORDON (?? - 11/14/1720), father of Margaret Gordon Gale: Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County: (UNKNOWN), daughter of HANNAH (4/15/1723 - ??); KATE daughter of JENNY (11/15/1723 - ??); CHANCE daughter of BESS (3/14/1730 - ??); MINGO son of BESS (3/14/1732 - ??); KATE (?? - 4/28/1723); ROBIN (?? - 3/17/1726); LANDER (?? - 2/2/1729; MINGO (?? - 10/2/1733).


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XIII. HENRY LEVIN (2/29/1804, christened 11/25/1804, Talbot, St. Peter's Parish - ??)
XIII. ROBERT (?? - ??)
XIII. LEVIN (?? - ??)
XIII. ANNA MARIA (?? - ??)
XIII. LEAH L. (?? - ??)
XIII. SUSANNA (?? - ??)
XIII. ELIZABETH H. (?? - ??)
XIII. POSSIBLY MARGARET (1/26/1797 - 2/10/1798)
Tusculum, Monie Creek, Somerset County, MD, Maryland Historical Society
Shirley Farm entrance (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2003)
THE EASTERN SHORE OF VIRGINIA, a narrow peninsula located between the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay, was the site in 1619 of a permanent English settlement called "Ye Plantacon of Accawmacke," named for the Indian word meaning "over the water." In 1663 the peninsula was divided into two counties, NORTHAMPTON & ACCOMACK. Early settlement was mainly around Old Plantation, Kings and Cherrystone Creeks, the latter north of Cape Charles.

In fact,
GALE'S PLANTATION, owned by MATHIAS GALE, was located on the south side of Old Plantation Creek adjacent JOHN CUSTIS of ARLINGTON, THOMAS WARD and NATHANIEL HOWARD (Land Patent A30/678) Howard's will, written 10/5/1750 and recorded 4/30/1751 (Accomack County, WB 1749-52, p. 205) bequeathed to his son, Nathaniel, 75 acres where the senior Nathaniel lived. Son, Daniel, received 50 acres adjacent JOHN CUSTIS and MATHIAS GALE. Son, Solomon, received 50 ares adjacent JOHN CUSTIS and WILLIAM MASON.

The Eastville Courthouse in Eastville, Northampton County, houses the oldest continuous court records in the nation, dating from the early 1600s. It lies almost directly across Chesapeake Bay from the Westville District of Mathews County, and in studying the history of both areas, their naming seems more than just mere coincidence, since there was migration of families back and forth between the two shores, specifically certain members of the families of Gayle, Jarvis and Waters.

Moreover, the Easterm Shore names of CUSTIS, DENWOOD, DUNTON, GOFFIGON, HOWARD, HUNT, JARVIS, JENIFER, JUSTICE, LITTLETON, NOTTINGHAM, WILLIAMS, WARD and WATERS, among others, are associated with the Gale/Gayle families of Maryland and Virgjnia. But it is the connection with FRANCIS JARVIS and THOMAS WARD that provides evidence that a connection existed between the families of MATTHEW GAYLE (Living 1672) of KINGSTON PARISH, GLOUCESTER COUNTY and the GALES OF MARYLAND and the EASTERN SHORE who descended from the Gales of Cumberland and of Yorkshire, England.

was granted 284 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County. He again appeared in 1678 on the 140 acre grant to JOHN WATERS [SEE BELOW] bounded by WILLIAM ELLIOTT and adjoining COLL. DUDLEY and RICHARD LONGEST, again in Gloucester County. A second grant to Waters followed on 5/1/1679 for 500 acres in Gloucester adjoining "his former dividend & Coll. Dudley, Law: Perrott, Charles Jones, Coll: Kemp, William Elliott, to Richard Longest. Headrights listed were Jonas Vernay, John Morgan, FRA. JARVIS, ANN JARVIS, MATH. GALE, MARGT. GALE, ELIZ. GALE." (Mason)

I. FRANCIS JARVIS (7/20/1620-23, Bishopwearmouth, England - After 1684, England), thought to be the son of JOHN JARVIS (ca. 1600 - ??), left London at age 14 aboard the ship Primrose in 1635, arriving on the Eastern Shore of Virginia to serve a 7 year term of indenture on the plantation of THOMAS WARD near Old Plantation Creek in Northampton County. His brother, JOHN JARVAS (sic), appeared on 11/23/1640 as a headright on a grant of 50 acres to LEVIN DENWOOD I. On 10/28/1642 court records note that Francis Jarvis had served out his indenture to Thomas Ward; however, on 11/17/1742 one Daniell Pighles, age 29, testified before the court at Elizabeth City that he was at the house of Thomas Ward in the company of one Mathew Pett. Jarvis had run away from Ward and Pett had returned him to his former master. In return Ward agreed that Pett could purchase Jarvis' indenture and become his new master. This was done and on 11/28/1642 the jury ordered that Francis Jarvis serve his full time of indenture with Mathew Pett or make payment "in kind." Matthew Pett died by 5/28/1645 according to a court order awarding Edmond Scarburgh (sic) £1200 of tobacco out of the estate of Mathew Pett, deceased. Francis married a woman named ANN, said to have been ANN GAYLE, ca. 1644, probably in Accomack County.

Francis left the Eastern shore and was granted 150 acres on the east side of the East River in Kingston Parish, GLOUCESTER COUNTY, VA on 5/1/1679. On the same date, JOHN WATERS received a grant of 500 acres in Kingston Parish in Gloucester Co. for transporting 7 persons, including FRANCES and ANN JARVIS and MATTHEW, MARGARET and ELIZABETH GAYLE. The tract was described as "beginning at Robert Lendalls corner, by the plantation of Henry Prouse, and along the river. Head-rights were granted to Margaret Ashon, Henry Webb, and Sar Muskett. On 9/29/1680 Francis received another grant of 131 acres in Kingston Parish adjoining Humphrey Toye and Christopher Dickins at the Eastermost R. Part of 200 acs. granted Henry Prouse 1667 and purchased by Jarvis." (Mason) Francis retuned to England, according to court proceedings on 9/23/1684, when one Humphrey Toye stated that Francis Jervis (sic) had returned to England in poor financial condition. Witnesses Barbara Crispe, Sarah Stone and John Hanford testified that he had engaged in trade in tobacco with his BROTHER JOHN JARVIS in London and, because of a market surplus, John was forced to sell at a lower price than Francis wished, resulting in a loss of money. The witnesses further stated that Francis had lived in Virginia for 25 to 28 years and that John had sold a family property and had died owing Francis money.

JOHN JARVIS (ca. 1675 - 4/24/1720, Charles Parish, York Co., VA), son of John (ca. 1648 - ??) and grandson of Francis Jarvis (1620-23 - Aft. 1684) was head of the family in Charles Parish, York County, VA. Gloucester County records link the Gayles and Jarvises together again on 9/27/ 1751 when MATHEW GALE appeared as a witness in an examination of William Chisolm, "committed to the goal of this county on suspicion of the murder of FRANCIS JARVIS. Present were Peyton Randolph Esq., John Goodwin, Gent. Justices, Thomas Reynolds, William Allen, John Wise, Christopher Billups, Matthew Gale and William Snow sworn as witnesses, said not guilty and should be discharged." (Gale files, John D. Rockefellow Library, Williamsburg, VA) The death date of around 1751 suggests that this Francis Jarvis may have been
Francis Jarvis (8/19/1707, Charles Parish, York Co. - ??) of York County, son of John and Elizabeth Wilkinson Jarvis.

IV. John Jarvis (10/1699 - ??)
IV. Elizabeth Jarvis (ca. 1701 - ??)
IV. George Jarvis (4/14/1705 - ??)
IV. Christmas Jarvis (3/6/1709 - ??)
IV. James Jarvis (7/23/1712 - ??)
IV. Robert Jarvis (ca. 1715 - ??)
IV. Mary Jarvis (8/20/1717 - ??)
IV. Francis Jarvis (8/19/1707, Charles Parish, York Co. - ??)
III. Francis Jarvis (ca. 1678, Accomack Co, VA - ??) m. Unknown
Caroline Gale was listed on the 1850 Census in Princess Anne with her son John Jr. In 1860 she was living with sons William and Francis and her daughter Maria. In 1870 she was living with William. She died in 1871 and was buried at St. Andrews Episcopal Church in Princess Anne. Her memorial stone reads, Our Beloved Mother, Caroline A. H. Gale, B. 10/14/1799, D. 12/8/1871. Her children, Maria, Francis, and George were also buried there.
I. John Jarvis (Living 1640), brother of I. Francis Jarvis was a headright on a grant to Levin Denwood
V. Francis (9/23/1723, Kingston Parish - 5/24/1772, Kingston Parish) m. ca. 1745 Elizabeth Gwynn (5/1/1730, Kingston Parish - 1801), daughter of JOHN GWYNN (1698, Gwynn's Island, Gloucester Co. VA - ??) and MILDRED READE, a descendant of GEORGE READE (?? - Will dated 9/29/1670, proved 11/21/1671) who married 1641 Elizabeth Martiau. Their daughter was MILDRED READE (?? - Will probated 1/4/1694), who married in 1670 to AUGUSTINE WARNER II (1642 - 1681). Their daughter, MILDRED WARNER, married (1) LAWRENCE WASHINGTON and (2) COL. GEORGE GALE of Whitehaven, England, and Somerset County, MD. [Descendent Richard Jarvis believes that this Francis was living on the property of the Francis Jarvis who owned a 460 acre farm on East River in 1704-05.]
IV. Francis (ca.1704, Accomack Co. VA - 5/24/ 1772, Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co. VA.
II. William (ca.1653 - 2/28/1709) m. Elizabeth Duparks (Liv. 1703)
III. Robert (?? - Possibly 2/27/1749-50, Accomack Co) m. Unknown
IV. William Sr. (By 1747, Northampton Co. - 12/8/1800, Northampton Co) m. (1) ANN GOFFIGON before 1753. Married possibly SARAH (UNKNOWN). Children included Mary, Henry Jr., Thomas, Margaret, Elizabeth, Nancy and William Jr., all born in Northampton County, VA.
V. William Jr. (1769-70, Northampton Co. - Buried 1/1831) married (1) 12/14/1795 to Frances "Fanny" Goffigon (11/10/1776 - 10/21/1796), daughter of Nathaniel & Frances Dunton Goffigon, in Northampton County; (2) 8/30/1798 to Ann Nancy Wilkins (7/24/1781 - 12/6/1805), daughter of William & Eliabeth Goffigon Wilkins, SR.; (3) 5/1808 to Elizabeth Upshur Robins (1788 - 7/1/1844, buried Piney Forest), daughter of John & Susanna Teackle Robins. William Jarvis Jr. was buried at Piney Forest.
VI. Thomas (11/19/1809 Northampton Co. - 2/3/1862 Northampton Co.)
VI. Ann Mariah (3/16/1812 Northampton Co. - ??)
VI. Jesse (1/10/1814 Northampton Co. - 8/31/1814 Northampton Co.)
VI. Laura M. (AFT. 1808 Northampton Co. - ??)
VI. George Temple (7/23/1819 - 4/13/1874, buried
Piney Forest, of Northampton County) married (1) 3/8/1847 in Northampton County to Sally F. Goffigon (3/9/1823 - 5/1/1850, buried Rat Hall), daughter of Southy Goffigon II & Esther Goffigon, married (2) 10/25/1865 Northampton County to Mary "Molly" Ann Dolby/Dalby (9/28/1843 - 11/21/1867), daughter of BENJAMIN J. & MARY ANN KENDALL DOLBY/DALBY. Children: ESTHER (1) - (7/20/1848, Northampton Co. - ca. 1848); ESTHER (2) 11/15/1849 - 12/20/1849); SALLIE (4/1850 - 7/1850) all buried at Rat Hall, Northampton Co. [West of route 13, 2.1 miles south of route 184, dirt lane opposite route 643/ Plantation Drive, west to old house on creek, plot to northeast. (GOFFIGON, JARVIS, NOTTINGHAM, OTHERS)
VI. Susan Robins (12/25/1822, Northampton Co - ??)
VI. Jesse Nelson (?? - ??)
VI. William Simkins III (?? - ??)
OLD WARD FARM, FRANKTOWN VICINITY, NORTHAMPTON COUNTY, VA,%20Franktown%20vic.,%20Northampton%20County,%20Virginia.htm
I. NATHANIEL LITTLETON (12/22/1606 - 10/28/1658) was the son of Edward Littleton (3/23/1549 - 11/1622) and Mary Walter Littleton of Hopton Castle, Henley, Shropshire, England, where the family appears in the Hopton Castle register. Nathaniel came to Virginia from Shropshire, England ca. 1635, as did members of his mother's Walter family. Nathaniel served as Chief Magistrate for Northampton County in 1640 and as a Burgess in 1656. He married ANN SOUTHEY HARMAR, a widow and the daughter of Henry Southey Esq. He was among the first settlers of land south of Old Plantation Creek in the area called Arlington. Littleton's Plantation was isolated and served as an advanced post for trading with the Indians. It was referred to in 1650 in the journal of Henry Norwood who was marooned with several others on Assoteague Island when a storm forced their ship, The Virginia Merchant, to sail without them. Norwood's journal gave an account of their rescue.

Littleton also patented land in the vicinity of Nandua Creek in 1635 in the area known as Hack's Neck. In 1652 Nathaniel Littleton leased 300 acres of his property to Captain Samuel Goldsmith and in 1655 a 200 acre patent to John Wise noted that the Wise property was adjacent to Littleton's. In 1656 a patent for 2,340 acres at Nondui (sic) to Nathaniel's son Southey (1645 - ??) was bounded by John Wise's land, Chesapeake Bay and Arrocock Creek, today known as Butcher's Creek. In 1658 John Wise acquired Goldsmith's portion of the land but assigned it in 1667 to Hendrick Waggaman. In 1672 John Wise and his wife Hannah sold their portion of the Nandua property to Southey Littleton.

II. EDWARD LITTLETON (ca. 1640 - Will Proved 1663) married (1) Sarah Douglas and (2) Frances Robins, daughter of COL. OBEDIENCE & GRACE NEALE ROBINS.
II. ESTHER (ca. 1646 - ??) who married Col. John Robins (1636 - 1709) of
Salt Grove, son of Obedience and Grace Neale Robins.
II. SOUTHEY LITTLETON SR. (1646 - Will 1679) married SARAH BOWMAN, daughter of Major Edmund Bowman. He was a prominent member of the Eastern Shore community and was part of the group appointed by Governor Berkeley in 1677 to try the followers of Nathaniel Bacon. In 1679 he was commissioned by Governor Chicheley to attend a conference called by Governor Andros of New York for the purpose of forming a treaty with the Iroquois Indians. He died while in New York and was survived by his wife, Sarah, and seven children.

III. ESTHER (ca. 1665 - ca. 1688) m. Col. William Whittington
III. NATHANIEL (ca. 1667 - By 3/1/1702-03) m. SUSANNA WATERS
III. SARAH ( ca. 1669 - 4/18/1720) m. (1) Adam Michael, (2) JOHN CUSTIS III
III. ELIZABETH (ca. 1671 - 1754) m. RICHARD WATERS of Somerset County, MD
III. GERTRUDE (CA. 1673 - 1/9/1738-39) m. Henry Harmanson
III. BOWMAN (ca. 1675 - 1696)
III. SOUTHY LITTLETON JR. (Living 1679) married Mary Browne, daughter of Thomas and Susanna Browne. He inherited the home plantation, then totaling 2,270 acres. He died intestate and his widow married HANCOCK CUSTIS. Southy and Mary Browne Littleton had two children, Southy Littleton III and Leah Littleton.

IV. SOUTHEY LITTLETON III married Mary (Unknown) but died with no direct male heir and, as expressed in his father's will, title to the home plantation went to his uncle, Nathaniel Littleton, and then to Nathaniel's son, SOUTHY LITTLETON IV, whose will of 1712 left his plantation at Andua (sic) equally to his sisters Sarah Custis Littleton and Esther Littleton and to his cousin LEAH LITTLETON. Southy's widow Mary married Edward Mifflen and was to have the shares of his sister Esther and his Cousin Leah until the latter two married or reached the age of 18. Esther Littleton married THOMAS SAVAGE and Leah Littleton married LEVIN GALE.
IV. LEAH LITTLETON (ca. 1702 - By 1742) married LEVIN GALE, son of Colonel George Gale. At the death of Sarah Custis Littleton, her interest in the proberty passed to her sister Esther Savage who in 1728 deeded her interest to Leah Gale. In 1731 Edward and Mary Littleton Mifflen deeded Mary's rights to Levin and Leah Gale, and the property was held under single ownership. Levin and Leah Littleton Gale did not live on the plantation as they resided in Somerset County, Maryland. In 1751 Hancock Nickless, the Gale's overseer, stated that he had charge of Gale's Plantation for 26 years. In 1759 Levin and Leah Gale sold the 2,270 acres of land to Peter Hack and in 1771 Peter Hack gave his son George a portion from the original tract. At the time boundaries were given as Gale's old Houses…at the head of the little branch or gut separating the property from an adjoining tract.

LT. COLONEL EDMOND SCARBOROUGH II (9/1617, North Walsham, Norfolk, England - 5/23/1671), married Mary Littleton, sister of Nathaniel Littleton. Scarborough also had a mistress, ANNE TOFT, who later married DANIEL JENIFER. Edmond and Mary Scarborough's home was at Seaside in Accomack County, VA, on Scarborough's Neck between Craddocks Creek and Occahannock Creek. As the largest land owner on the Eastern Shore, Scarborough had powerful connections which he used to his advantage. His brother was Sir Charles Scarborough, Court Physician at the Court of St. James.

The Scarborough name appeared at least three times within the Gayle families. JOHN & MARIA BILLUPS GAYLE of Virginia had a son named Scarborough, born sometime in the 1740s. BILLUPS GAYLE of South Carolina and his first wife, Sarah Merriwether, also had a son, Scarborough (1805 - 1853) and finally, CHRISTOPHER GAYLE (1763 - ??) married MARY/SARAH SCARBOROUGH WILLIAMS, whose family resided on the Eastern Shore before settling in Gloucester County, Va.


I. WILLIAM WATERS (Chr. 9/13/1557, Great Hornemead, Hertfordshire - 1616, Hertfordshire) married ALICE/DOROTHY CANON (Chr. 6/5/1560, Bruton Somerset - 1620, Willian, Hertfordashire) on 10/14/1582 at All Saints, Willian, Hertfordshire. Their children included II. WILLIAM (Chr. 8/25/1583, Willian Parish, Hertfordshire - Betw. 1584-73; II. JOANE (Chr. 8/22/1585, Hertfordshire - Buried 9/16/1585-86), Willian, Hertfordshire); II. FRANCISCUS (9/30/1600, Great Wymondley, Hertfordshire - died young);
II. JOHN (2/3/1586, Willian, Hertfordshire - 1644) and II. EDWARD WATERS (1584-89 - 1630) -- (Below).

II. JOHN WATERS (2/3/1586, Willian, Hertfordshire - 1644, Middleham, Yorkshire, England), son of WILLIAM and DOROTHY/ALICE CANON WATERS CANNON and brother of EDWARD WATERS (Below) married (UNKNOWN) and had two children, III. GRACE (ca. 1613, Willian, Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire - ??) and WILLIAM

III. JOHN (1606 - 1670) who came to Virginia in 1635 at age 29 in the ship Transport of London, Edward Walker, master. Known as John Waters, Gentleman, he was sent to Virginia to settle Edward Waters' estates. On 9/18/1630, administration of Edward's estate was granted to John (either younger or elder?), who was appointed guardian of Edward's son, William. (; Christening records, All Saints, Willian, Hertfordshire). It is not known if he remained in the colonies or returned to England.

DURING THIS SAME TIMEFRAME, another JOHN WATERS (1590 - 1626) appears as the father of SAMUEL WATERS (1617 - 1665) and the grandfather of JOHN WATERS (ca. 1640 - By 1688) who received grants of land in both Gloucester and Rappahannock Counties in Virginia. Although he would be of the same generation as the John Waters (1586 - 1644) above, his connection, if any, to this John Waters is unknown.

I. JOHN WALTER/WATERS (11/22/1590, Eastcote, Northamptonsire - 7/20/1626, Eastcote, Northamptonshire, ) married ALICE GETLANDE on 9/1/1606 and left a will dated 1626 naming 5 sons and 2 daughters. III. ELIZABETH (?? - ??); III. ANN (?? - ??); III. THOMAS (1618 - ??); JOSEPH (1620 - ??); III. AMBROSE (?? - ??); III. JAMES (1625 - ??); and III. SAMUEL WATERS (1616-17 - 1665) -- (

II. SAMUEL WATERS (1617, Eastcott, Northamptonshire, Eng - 9/16/1665, London), identified in records as a skinner apprenticed to John West during the 1630s, married in 1639 to ANN PEAKE (1619, St. Sepulchre, London - 1700). Samuel was admitted to Freedom of the Skinners of London on 9/3/1639. The will of Widow Ann Waters of St. Sepulchres, London, dated 9/29/1697 and proved 7/4/1700, named her brother-in-law CALEB MILLETT and children including IV. JOHN (1640, St. Sepulchres, London - 1694) OF VIRGINIA; IV. SAMUEL (?? - ??) & WIFE MARGARET; IV. THOMAS (??- ??); and IV. MARY/ELIZABETH (12/30/1654 , St. Sepulchre's, London - 1697) who immigrated to Virginia and married WILLIAM OVERTON (12/3/1638, Yorktown, VA - ??) on 11/24//1670 in Yorktown, VA. She died in St Pauls Parish, in Hanover, VA. Ann's will also made a bequest to her son-in-law, William Goodwin.

III. JOHN WATERS (ca. 1640 - By 1688, Old Rappahannock County), planter, was the son of Samuel and Ann Peake Waters of London. He married ARABELLA STRACHEY COX (1635 - 1704), widow of Henry Cox and daughter of WILLIAM and MARY MILLER STRACHEY. William Strachey's will, dated 10/20/1686, mentions his daughter Arabella, wife of planter John Waters in Virginia. Waters first settled in Gloucester County, VA where he had a patent dated 9/26/1678 for 140 acres in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, VA, bounded by WILLIAM ELLIOTT and adjoining COLL. DUDLEY and RICHARD LONGEST. A second grant to Waters followed on 5/1/1679 for 500 acres in Gloucester adjoining "his former dividend & Coll. Dudley, Law: Perrott, Charles Jones, Coll: Kemp, William Elliott, to Richard Longest. Headrights listed were Jonas Vernay, John Morgan, FRA. JARVIS, ANN JARVIS, MATH. GALE, MARGT. GALE, ELIZ. GALE." (Mason) Ann Jarvis is said to have been Ann Gale, who married Francis Jarvis.

A year or two later, John received another patent for 500 acres which included the first patent. On 12/3/1684 John was granted 750 acres in Rappahannock County for the importation of 15 persons. On 10/25/1688 he obtained a patent with one Robert Yard for 900 acres on the south side of the Rappahannock River, formerly granted to EPAPHRODITUS LAWSON. The mention of Lawson is yet another direct conneciton to the Gales of Whitehaven, Cumberland, when JOHN GAYLE (sic), of the Whitehaven Gales, appears as a headright on a grant made in 10/26/1666 to Major John Weire for 3000 acres on the south side of the Rappahannock River on the southeast point "of a great island" in Virginia. The tract was described as part of 2000 acres granted to Mr. Epaphroditus Lawson for the transport of 60 persons, including John Gayle (sic). (Virginia, Lancaster County, Patent Book 6/159) This is probably the JOHN GALE was named as a headright on 3/23/1664 on a grant of 1464 acres in WESTMORELAND COUNTY to Robert Alexander, John Alexander, Jr. and Christopher Lund. (Westmoreland, VA. Patent Book 5/447). Almost 40 years earlier, on 9/3/1649. Lawson patented land on Slaughter's Creek off the Rappahannock River in Old Rappahannock, County, now Lancaster County, VA, adjacent to that of Major John Carter (1613 - 1669), whose son, ROBERT "KING" CARTER (1662-63 - 1732) of
Corrotoman, purchased tobacco from JOHN GALE JR. (Bef. 1671 - 1729), a tobacco merchant from Whitehaven and a member of the family of Colonel George Gale. [SEE CHAPTER 2, JOHN GALE THE ELDER] Other related names are SAMUEL PERRY, WILLIAM LAKE, THOMAS HARPER, SAMUEL DUDLEY and merchant-captain JOHN PURVIS of the Virginia/London trade.

On 4/7/1686, a conveyance was recorded to JOHN SAVAGE of Kingston Parish, Gloucester, for 200 acres on the south side of Piscataway Creek purchased by Waters from WILLIAM THORNTON and RICHARD GLOVER. On 8/5/1686, John Waters, Gent, and Arabella Waters of Rappahannock County conveyed 200 acres to GEORGE BROOKS, part of the land purchased of Thornton and Glover. On 10/27/1686 Arabella's father's will mentions both John and Arabella Waters. On 12/12/1693, Waters sued one Henry Picket for improper seizure of some of Waters' property while he was out of the country. Records noted that he was too ill to attend court in the summer of 1694 and he may have died later that year. On 3/11/1694-95 one Henry Wilkinson was named as administrator of John Waters, deceased, and on 12/10/1695 John Waters, administrator of John Waters, deceased.filed an inventory of the estate in Essex County, VA. [A debt to Christopher Robinson was mentioned].

II. EDWARD WATERS, GENTLEMAN (Chr. 11/30/1589, Great Wymondley, Hertfordshire - 8/20/1630, Great Hormead, Hertfordshire), son of WILLIAM and DOROTHY/ALICE CANON WATERS CANNON and brother of JOHN WATERS (above) is shown in records as arriving in Virginia on the ship Patience in 1608. He may have gone back to England and returned to the colonies, since he was also a passenger to Virginia in 1609 onboard the Sea Venture, one of a flotilla of nine Virginia Company vessels that left Falmouth with the Third Supply carrying supplies to Jamestown for the then starving colonists. Commanded by Admiral Sir George Somers, the Sea Venture carried 150 passengers and crew members. Notable among these were REVEREND RICHARD BUCK, Chaplain for the voyage, and his wife and children. A daughter, Mara Buck, who was born in Virginia in 1611, became a ward of John Burrows. Also on the vessel were SIR THOMAS GATES, Governor for Virginia; SIR GEORGE SOMERS, Admiral of the flotilla; WILLIAM STRACHEY, Secretary-elect of the Virginia Company who kept a journal of the voyage; SIR GEORGE YEARDLEY, who came to Jamestown on the Deliverance; and CHRISTOPHER NEWPORT, also a Captain of the Sea Venture. Also onboard was JOHN ROLFE and his young wife who died en route. In April of 1614 when Rolfe married Pocahontas, Reverend Richard Buck officiated at the ceremony.

On 7/24/1609 the
Sea Venture was separated from her sister vessels by hurricane force winds and began taking on water. By July 28th, she was stranded between two reefs off the shores of Discovery Bay in the Bermudas, leaving passengers and crew to spend the next nine months marooned on one of the islands. Bent on escape, the castaways spent the following months building two pinnances, the Deliverance and the Patience, from timber salvaged from the ruined Sea Venture. When work was completed, the ships set sail for Virginia on 5/10/1610 landing at Point Comfort, VA on 5/31/1610, only to find that many of the settlers had died during the "Starving Time." On 6/19/1610, Sir George Somers volunteered to return to Bermuda aboard the Patience in an effort to bring supplies to the struggling colony. He arrived on the island with a small crew, including Edward Waters, but died there in November of 1610. His nephew, Captain Matthew Somers, sailed the Patience to England to ask for assistance. Meanwhile, crew members LT. EDWARD WATERS, Christopher Carter and Edward Chard remained behind to hold claim to the island. While exploring the island the three men found a piece of valuable ambergris, and rights of ownership led to dissention between Chard and Waters. Carter supposedly hid their weapons for fear the dispute would escalate. After the three were rescued, the ambergris was sent to England under the auspices of the newly formed Bermuda Company. Edward Waters went on to become a member of the council of Bermuda but left there for Virginia around 1618.

About 1620 Edward married a woman named GRACE NEALE or O'NEIL, who many believe was GRACE NEALE (ca. 1603, Brackley, Northamptonshire, England - 3/2/1682-83, Northampton Co. VA), daughter of Edmund and Elizabeth Neale, who arrived in Virginia aboard the
Diana. She and Edward Waters were married about 1620 and had two children, William and Margaret Waters, both born in Virginia. Edward and Grace were listed as killed during the Indian massacre of 1622 but instead were taken as prisoners to the mouth of the Nansemond River where they escaped, later appearing on the muster of the inhabitants of the College land in Virginia taken on 1/23/1624 as Edward Waters, aged 40, in ship Patience, 1608; Grace Waters, aged 21, in the Diana, 1618. On 8/14/1624, Edward and Grace settled near Waters Creek in Blount Point in Elizabeth City County in the area known as Kecoughtan where he patented 100 acres of land recorded on 10/20/1628 described as part of the "Strawberry bancks." (Hotten) The property is today in the area of Lake Maury on the grounds of the Mariner's Museum in Newport News, VA. In 1625 he was elected to the House of Burgesses and later appointed Commander and Commissioner of the plantations in Elizabeth City County.

THERE IS DISAGREEMENT OVER GRACE'S IDENTITY and even early researhers identified her as GRACE O'NEIL, daughter of Arthur and Grace O'Hara O'Neill and graddaughter of Shane O'Neill of
Dunluce Castlle, County Antrim, Ireland. Further, this Grace O'Neill was to have left England to escape a distasteful arrange marriage. But it appears that she was, in fact, Grace Neale, born to Edmund Neale (ca. 1575 - 1611) and his wife, Elizabeth. The book titled Old King William Homes and Families by Peyton Neale Clarke published in 1897, notes that the first record of the Neale family in the colonies is in 1630 when John Neale, Gentleman (Abt. 1596 - 1644) , a merchant of Accomac County, leased 50 acres of land from a friend, Lyonel Roulston. Neale made a depositon in 1636 stating that he was then 40 years old. His wife was Elizabeth, supposedly the daugther of Henry Southey of Rempton, Somersetshire, England. Elizabeth Southey Neale's sister Anne was the wife of Nathaniel Littleton (above). After John Neale's death, Elizabeth married one David Dale and moved to York County, VA. John, who had sold his plantation prior to his death and left no will, transferred his property to Anne Littleton, described as "wife and attorney of Colonel Nathaniel Littleton, on the 17th of November, 1644." (Clarke) The property was conveyed to Neale's daughter Margaret, who was still a child, the following day. Margaret's mother, Elizabeth Southy Littleton died by 7/18/1754 when LT. WILLIAM WATERS, GENTLEMAN, was appointed as Margaret's guardian. Waters was idenified as "a cousin of CAPTAIN JAMES NEALE, of Maryland" (Clarke), an Admiral in the Royal Navy, who came to Maryland in 1638. His wife was Anne (Unknown) and their daughter was HENRIETTA MARIA NEALE who married (1) Richard Bennett and (2) PHILEMON LLOYD, of Wye House, whose family was closely associated by marriage with that of Colonel George Gale of Somerset County, MD. In his book, Clarke also noted that Captain Neale wrote to "his COUSIN ROBINS" from Maryland on 5/2/1643. Consequently, these associations certainly offer sufficient evidence of Grace's connection to the NEALE family.

In 1630 Edward Waters made a return trip to England and died there. His burial was noted in the Parish Register of Great Hormead, Hertfordshire, on 8/22/1630. His will, dated 8/20/1630, mentioned his wife Grace, his daughter Margaret, and his only son, William, to whom he left his land in Virginia. He stated that his property in England, Ireland, and Virginia be sold by advice of his brother, John Waters, of Middleham, Yorkshire.
TWO JARVIS FAMILY HOMES ON THE EASTERN SHORE are in the vicinity of Old Plantation Creek in Northampton County, VA near land owned by Hancock Custis. They include Piney Forest or the Old Jarvis Farm,, a tract located next to the creek owned by William Jarvis and the site of a house and cemetery. The Jarvis farm at Walnut Grove was originally owned by Thomas and Esther Littleton Savage, who held an interest in Gale's Plantation, located just south of Old Plantation Creek, owned by Matthias Gale and later by his son and daughter-in-law, Levin and Leah Gale of Somerset County. Photographs taken in the 1950s of the two Jarvis houses on these tracts appear in the book titled Virginia's Eastern Shore, by Ralph Whitelaw.

THE OLD WARD FARM is located in the vicinity of Franktown in Northampton County, northwest of Exmore, north of route 602 and 1 mile west of route 183. No information has been found to link the Ward family who lived here with those who lived on Old Plantation Creek.
Coventry Parish Church, Somerset County, MD
III. MARGARET (Bet. 1622-24 - Aft. 8/20/1630)
III. WILLIAM WATERS SR. (1620-24, VA - 7/29/1689) of Northampton County, VA was born to Edward and Grace Neale Waters at Blount Point, Hampton Co. VA, was sent to Yorkshire, England, to be educated under the supervision of his father's brother, JOHN WATERS. William returned to Virginia as a young man, around 1641, and became an integral part of the business dealings of his step-father, Colonel Obedience Robins. [SEE INTRODUCTION, GALE FAMILIES IN AMERICA, THE VIRGINIA COMPANY] William married (1) KATHERINE (UNKNOWN) - (2) MARGARET ROBBINS CLARKE (1625 - 1663) and (3) DOROTHY MARRIOTT. He was a Burgess for Northampton County, VA and inherited land from his father. He left a will dated 10/8/1685 that named his six sons, William, who was of age, received his plantation and was made executor; Obedience; Thomas; Edward; John and Richard. He mentioned lands he owned in Virginia and Maryland. He also named "friends" Thomas Ebernden, George Johnson, Timothy Coe, Thomas Brown and Daniel Eyre. He noted that his brother, John Robins, should assist his sons, and named his cousins, CHARLES HALL and Thomas Tull. He noted that Thomas Browne, Benjamin Stratton and Charles Hall take on care and custody of his younger sons. [In 1697 a patent was issued to JohnWaters and RICHARD & CHARLES HALL for a tract called Partner's Desire in Maryland].

IV. WILLIAM JR. (1657 OR 1664 - 4/19/1721) married (1) MARY BOYNTON in Virginia and (2) ISABEL HARMANSON. The will of THOMAS HARMANSON SR., gentleman, Northampton County, dated 3/26/1696 and proved 11/28/1702, named his wife Elizabeth, his daughter ISABEL, wife of WILLIAM WATERS, and others including his "friend" MAJOR JOHN CUSTIS. Witnesses included WILLIAM WATERS and NATHANIEL LITTLETON. In 1696, William owned land at the head of Messango Creek adjacent Robert Johnson. In 1730 the will of Robert Baynton/Boynton, dated 4/22/1730 and proved 6/9/1730, named WILLIAM, son of MAJOR WILLIAM WATERS; sister MARGARET WATERS, widow; friend James Ansele; brother Peter; late father Benjamin Baynton; Hannah Carter; executor Charles Gardner; witnesses Margaret Force, and Thomas Savage [husband of ESTHER LITTLETON, daughter of Col. Nathaniel and Susanna Waters Littleton.] William's children included V. THOMAS; V. JAMES; V. EDWARD; V. WILLIAM and V. MARGARET.
IV. EDWARD (1667 - ??) no children
IV. RICHARD WATERS (1669 - 1721) settled in Maryland and married ELIZABETH LITTLETON and inherited land near his father's property on the Annamessex. Known as Waters River, it became the family seat and included land inherited by Elizabeth Littleton Waters from her father, COLONEL SOUTHEY LITTLETON of Accomack County. Both Richard and Elizabeth Littleton Waters were active members of the Annamessex Meeting of Friends, organized in 1662, and Elizabeth was named in the 1725 will of Levin Denwood who left one acre of land between Wiccocomico and Mauny (sic), where the Quaker Meeting House stands, in the care of his daughter, Betty Denwood Gale, and Elizabeth Waters. Their children were V. RICHARD; V. LITTLETON; V. HESTER/ESTHER; V. SARAH; V ELIZABETH who married FRANCIS HUTCHINS; V. WILLIAM WATERS (?? - Will 1732), son of Richard and Elizabeth Littleton Waters, married ABIGAIL (UNKNOWN) and had children. He left a will dated 1/9/1732 naming his mother Elizabeth, to whom he bequeathed his dwelling house with half the adjacent lands during her life. He also named his wife Abigail, son Richard, daughters Eliza and Sarah, and his brother Littleton. He mentioned "Money due to Betty and Levin Gale, and to Littleton Waters be paid out of money due in England and now in hands of Wm. Cooper in London; interest on money in hands of sd. Cooper until son Richard comes to age to be applied to the schooling of 3 child. afsd.; 1/5 of the principal (the aforementioned excepted) to son Richard, and 2/5 thereof to dau. Elizabeth, and 2/5 to dau. Sarah. To 2 daus. afsd. personalty when of age. Son Richard to remain with his mother until 17 yrs., and then with his uncle Littleton until 21 yrs., to be instructed in the trade of a ship-carpenter…" Witnesses were Charles Hall, John Benson (Benston), and Boaz Wallston. (Somerset County Wills)
IV. JOHN (1671 - 1708) settled in Maryland and married MARY MADDOX on 2/19/1679. Will dated 3/2/1707, probated 6/15/1708 Somerset Co. MD. Their children were V. WILLIAM (?? - 1/16/1781) who married Rose Harmanson in 1739; V. EDWARD (1706 - 1784); V. MARY/SARAH (1700 - 1765) married Thomas Denwood; and V. JOHN (1702 - 1761) who married MARY ELIZABETH HACK ca. 1720. John left a will dated 3/27/1760 that names his wife, Mary Elizabeth, and sons VI. JOHN (ca. 1723 - ??) who married (?) Elizabeth Hutchins; VI. SPENCER (ca. 1729 - ??); VI. GEORGE NICHOLAS SEVERN (ca. 1731 - ??); VI. EDWARD (ca. 1733 - ??); VI. WILLIAM (1/24/1737 - 3/7/1815); VI. LITTLETON (12/31/1742 - ??) who married Esther Waters; and VI. PETER (1/8/1745 - ??). He also had a daughter, V. SARAH (ca. 1725 - 1756) who married Jacob Garrard. John's will also names JOHN TEAGUE of Worcester County, JOHN DENWOOD and son LEVIN DENWOOD. Executors are sons John, George and Edward Waters. Witnesses are Henry Lowes, William Waters, Jr. and George Waters, Jr.
IV. OBEDIENCE (1673 - ??) no children
IV. THOMAS CLARKE (1675 - ??) no children


X. MATTHIAS GALE (Aft. 1705 - 1748) was born in Somerset County, Maryland, to Colonel George and Elizabeth Denwood Gale sometime before 1712, the year of his father's death. Matthias appeared as Capt. Mathew Gale on the 1730 tax lists of Somerset County in Monie Hundred and was on the 1743 tax list in Mattapany/Mattapony Hundred. He was a Major in the Somerset County militia and served as a Justice for at least two years. On 3/6/1738 he married MARGARET GORDON (3/5/1717 - Living 1753). JOHN LEATHERBURY was a trustee. Margaret was the daughter of WILLIAM GORDON (?? - 11/14/1720) whose grandfather was JOHN GORDON (ca. 1630 - 1677-78) of Accomack County, VA. John Gordon left a will dated 1/9/1677 and probated 10/17/1678 naming children LEONARD, NATHANIEL, GEORGE, MARGARET and JOHN GORDON (?? - ??) and his wife MARY (UNKNOWN) GORDON of Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, who were William's parents.

WILLIAM GORDON married BRIDGET (UNKNOWN) -- (?? - 7/17/1722) and appeared in the Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, as having dyed Novemr. Ye 14 & was buried Novemr. Ye 17, 1720. An inventory of his estate included a number of items listed as being "In the Store", referring to what is now the
Tobacco Warehouse in the town of Urbanna. For additional information on this property see the report on the DANIEL FAMILY and the town of Urbanna. Margaret's siblings were a twin sister, BRIDGET GORDON (born & died 3/5/1717), who died soon afer birth, and a brother, JOHN GORDON (7/12/1716, Bapt. 7/16/1716 - Will 1748), whose birth appears in the Christ Churth Parish Register in Middlesex County. John married (1) SARAH CHAPMAN and (2) MARGARET TENNANT. In 1741 he became a guardian to Sarah Roy, orphan of James Roy, and to Thomas Roy in 1749. His will, written 12/13/1748, mentioned his wife Margaret and daughters, Catherine and Isabella. John and Margaret Tennant Gordon's son was JOHN GORDON, JR. (2/7/1734 - 1766, Spotsylvania County, VA, who married SARAH ROY, whose family was allied with that of Matthew Gayle of Gloucester and Spotsylvania Counties.

Matthias Gale owned property both in Middlesex County, VA and in Accomack County on Virginia's Eastern Shore, the latter tract known as
After Water's death, Grace married secondly to COLONEL OBEDIENCE ROBINS (4/26/1601 - 1662) of Salt Grove on Cherrystone Creek in Northampton County, by whom she had children: FRANCES (Abt. 1644 - ??); MARY (1642 - ??); DOROTHEA (1639 - ??); OBEDIENCE (7/18/1637) and COL. JOHN ROBINS (7/6/1636, Cherrystone, Northampton Co. - 1709) of Salt Grove who married ESTHER LITTLETON (1646 - ??) on 1/9/1663 and had several children including ESTHER LITTLETON (ca. 1677 - 1724) who married before 1709 to ARTHUR DENWOOD, son of LEVIN and PRISCILLA DENWOOD and brother of ELIZABETH DENWOOD who married Colonel George Gale of Somerset County, MD. Arthur and Esther Littleton Denwood had, among other children, daughter Elizabeth who married DAVID WILSON. It was their son, SAMUEL WILSON (7/29/1735 - 4/29/1790) of Great Hopes who married (1) "Peggy" Custis and (2) MARY GALE (1728 - 1790), daughter of John and Milcah Hill Gale.
Memorial stone for Obedience Robins
Huntington Cemetery, Northampton County
Sacred to the Memory of General John Gale who served from the commencement to the happy conclusion of our Revolutionary War and was promoted from a Lieutenancy to a Majority for his good conduct in his Country's service. He lived beloved and respected and died sincerely lamented.
January 25, A.D. 1813 in the 60th year of his age.

Born in Somerset County
September 25, 1753
Was a second Lieutenant, 2nd Regiment
January 15, 1777
Was Captain of 2nd Regiment
December 10, 1777
Captured by the British in 1778
Was exchanged as a prisoner of war
October 12, 1778
Transferred to the 5th Regiment
January lst, 1781
A Brevet Major in September, 1783
Aide de Camp to Brigadier General Mordecai Gist
To December 22, 1783
Served to the end of Revolutionary War
Died in Somerset County at
Cedar Grove Plantation
March 3, 1812

II. Humphrey (ca. 1645 - ??)
II. Henry Jarvis (ca. 1654 - ??)
II. John Jarvis (ca. 1648 - ??) m. Mary (Unknown) -- (?? - 1/1/1750-51) ca. 1670
Gale's Farm, Middlesex County (Photo, Gayle N. Mandell, 2009)
GALES FARM, or GAYLES as it is known today, that sits on a portion of Thomas Chowning's 1695 patent of 920 acres on Thacker's Mill Creek in Middlesex County. On 6/6/1737 Mathias and Margaret Gale purchased 267 acres running along the creek from Thomas' grandson, Chitton Chowning, of White Chapel Parish, Lancaster County. Matthias maintained a plantation here and was named in the parish register of of Christ Church. He left the property to his son, Levin Gale, who appeared on the 1787 tax list in Middlesex County with eight blacks over 16, four blacks under 16, and 38 head of cattle. George Dillard, his overseer, was also listed and tax was paid by Levin Gayle (sic). On 12/20/1790 Levin sold Gales for £1, 527 to Francis Corbin on 12/20/1790 along with additional acreage totaling 750 acres between the forks of LaGrange Creek. (DB4/5-6; DB10/201) In 1797 John Tayloe Corbin owned Gales and in 1799 married Juliet Muse, daughter of Col. Hudson Muse of nearby Hampstead. He died in 1800 Gales passed to his wife and at her death was transferred to John's brother, Richard Corbin of Laneville in King & Queen County.

In 1828
Gales appeared in tax records as the Richard Corbin Estate. Subsequent owners include Henry Eltonhead Corbin, Richard's brother; Mrs. Fanny Faucett and her son, John; William and Lucy Gatewood; Lewis and Sarah Garrette Seward; Richard and Frances Hilliard; Walter B. Covington; Francis Williams; Dr. Alton and Patricia Moncure Sharpe; and their son, Dr. Jewett Moncue Sharpe of Richmond, VA.

'The Gayles,' as it is spoken of today, shows marks of having been more than a simple country place. Remnants of foundations to the southwest of the present dwelling situated midway between the turn off of the main road and La Grange Creek, indicate a building of somewhat lesser, but of no mean size, connected to the house by a colonnade. Markings on the southwest wall suggest that addition, and also that the entrance there had been decreased from an original width of more than five feet. Old timers say an oxcart could have cleared that door. (Gray, Ryland, Simmons)

The house, built of brick laid in Flemish bond and measuring about 1500 square feet, backs to a marsh on LaGrange Creek surrounded by farmland. The hipped roof on the main house and the later addition screened porch is of standing seam metal. According to one-time owner Patricia Sharpe, the house was originally only one room on each floor. The first floor contained a combination living room, dining room and kitchen with a fireplace; a narrow hall with a stair to the second level and a small bath. The 2nd floor contains two bedrooms and a bath. With the exception of wide board flooring and paneling below the stair railing, little of the original woodwork remains. Foundations of an old ice house and of other buildings still remained in 1978 and an enclosed graveyard was at the northeast of the house, but no stones were visible. According to Patricia Sharpe the graveyard tract was sold to a neighbor.

Also buried at Tusculum, home of GEORGE GALE OF SOMERSET COUNTY, was one JOHN HODGSON (1692 - 1719). This raised a question as to his identity and association with the Gale family. On 5/1/1924 one G. W. Maslin copied the following from a grave slab at Tusculum. "Hodgson [Or?] on a fess bet 3 boars' heads couped [gu?] as many lions ramp of the field. Hudson arms on tomb of 'Mr. John Hodgson of Whitehaven [County Cumberland, Eng.] commander of the good ship Mary and Frances from thence departed this life ye 22 of July, 1719, aged 27 years and is here interred." (Bolton, American Armory) This reference implies that the names Hudson and Hodgson might reference the same family. An earlier John Hodgson was listed in Records of the Virginia Company and the family appeared to have been prominent among Whitehaven's merchant mariners.

In 1721 planter John Gale, Jr. (1704 - 1775),. grandson of
ABRAHAM GALE OF KENT COUNTY, purchased Redmore's Supply, originally patented to an earlier John Hodgeson (sic) in 1678. In 1699 a testator of the will of John Hodgson of Cecil County ratified the sale of 140 acres of Redmond's (sic) Supply…at the head of the bay to John Gale. One of the testators was Philip Rasin, whose daughter married John's son, John Gale Jr. (Brooks, Cecil County Wills: 11/10/1699-3/12/1699-1700, will of John Hodgson dated 11/10/1699) Furthermore, John Gale, Jr. attended Chester Parish Church and shared pew No. 11 with John Divine and Macall Medford, who owned the home known as Hepbron's Choice in Still Pond. In 1783 Macall's widow Susannah was assessed for 200 acres of Hepbrons Choice, 22 acres of Gales Addition, 100 acres of marshland, and 89 acres known as Long Farm.

According to the Somerset County tax lists, one MARK NOBLE (1711 - ??) appeared at times from 1723 to 1740 in the household of LEVIN GALE, son of George and Betty Denwood Gale, In 1726 he was listed with Betty Gale and in 1726 with Joy Hobbs, husband of Mary Noble Hobbs whose parents were Isaac and Mary Robinson Noble. Mark Noble's name also appeared as a witness, along with Richard Waters, John Bacon and Abigail Waters on the 1725 will of Levin Denwood, George Gale
s father-in-law. (Maryland Calendar of Wills: Volume 5) -- [See Neal Stump's article on George Gale, above.]

Over in Barbados we find an earlier Mark Noble who provides additional clues.
I. MARK NOBLE, Gent. (Abt. 1655 - Will 3/25/1686, St. Michael's Parish, Barbados) married Elizabeth (Unknown) and had children baptized at St. Michael's Parish, Barbados. He left land to son Marke (sic), age 21,
II. Elizabeth (6/24/1673, Barbados - ??)
II. Ann (10/9/1674, Barbados - ??)
II. Robert (?? - ??), a sailing master
II. MARK NOBLE (5/10/1677, Barbados - 4/16/1741, at sea), Captain of the ship,
Gawin, married on 11/27/1707 at St. Paul's Parish, Kent County, MD, to ELIZABETH HEPBRON, daughter of JAMES (1645 - 1709) & ELIZABETH HODGSON HEPBRON (1689 - 1763), daughter of JOHN OR JAMES HODGSON. The Gawin was sailing in Herring Bay off the Chesapeake ca. 1715-18. Is it possible that Elizabeth Hodgson Hepbron was of the same family as the John Hodgson who died in 1719 and was buried on the grounds at Tusculum? As previously mentioned, according to Bolton's American Armory, his arms were carved on his tombstone.

A later generation JOHN HODGSON (1753 - ??) married Sarah Gale on 1/13/1778 at Newcastle, England. Their son, John H. Hodgson (3/16/1779, Newcastle, Northumberland - 8/14/1858, The Elms, Hampstead Heath), was a successful London merchant who did business in the West Indies. He was with the firm of Finlay, Hodgson and Company, planters and merchants, established in 1809. He married Anne Marie Caroline Delamain on 12/16/1811 at the Parish Church in Hampstead and had six children. He left a diary dating from 1826-27 that refers to relatives. A copy was sent to me by their descendant, Thomas Charles Delamain Ainger. For more information on this line, visit Thomas Ainger's website.
X. LEVIN (Aft. 1705 - 1744) married Leah Littleton and had children.
X. GEORGE (Aft. 1705 - 1772) married Elizabeth Wilson (11/6/1707 - 3/3/1758), daughter of Ephraim and Elizabeth Davis Wilson. They had no children.
X. JOHN (Aft. 1705 - 1744) married Milcah Hill and had children.
X. MATTHIAS (Aft. 1705 - 1748) married Margaret Gordon and had children.