Chapter 13 - Gayle Brothers of Virginia & South Carolina, Matthew Gayle
MATTHEW GAYLE (ca. 1728 - by 1800), identified by John Averitt's GAYLE KINSMEN as the brother of Josiah and Anna Gayle, was born in Kingston Parish, Gloucester County, VA, and married into the Billups family. His descendants appear in the chart below. For further information on his line see]
Matthew Gayle (ca. 1728 - by 1800) & His Descendants
I. Matthew & Lucretia Billups Gayle
II. Billups (1755 - ??)
II. Matthew Jr. (ca. 1754 - 60) m. Mary Rees
III. Billups (1785 - 1823) m. (1) Sarah Merriwether, (2) Pamela Cunningham
IV. From M/1: Scarborough (1805 - 1853)
IV. Billups Jr. (1807 -??) Unmarried.
IV. Harriet Sarah (1809 -1851) m. Judge Matthew Talbot
IV. From M/2: Eliza (ca. 1811 - ??) m. Livingstone Stark
IV. Jane (Ca. 1814 - Ca. 1828)
IV. Rees Darrington (1814 -1905) m. 1851 to Mary Louisa Gill
V. Anna Maria (?? - ??) m. Dr. Joseph Talbot Fry
V. Thomas Gill (1854 - 1929) m. Fannie Lou Northrup
VI. Lourees (1895 - 1897)
VI. Albert Darrington (?? - ??)
VI. Thomas Gill, Jr. (?? - ??)
V. Rebecca Darrington (Before 1850 - ??) m. William T. Johnson
V. Billups J. (Before 1850 - ??) m. Lelia Mills.
V. Lou Rees (Before 1850 - Before 1871)
III. Matthew III (1786 - 1810)
III. Levin (1787 - ??) m. Anne Brewer
IV. George B. (?? - ??)
IV. Levin Jr. (?? - ??)
IV. Billups (?? - ??) m. Nancy Lane
IV. Anne (?? - ??) m. Richard B. Owen
III. Lucinda (1789 - ??) m. Thomas Easten
III. John (1792 - 1859) m. (1) Sarah Haynesworth, (2) Clarissa Stedman Peck
IV.From M/1: Matthew (1820 - 1875) unmarried.
IV. Sarah Ann (1825- 1895) m. William B. Crawford.
IV. Amelia Ross (1826 - 1913)
IV. Mary Rees (1829 - 1911) m. Col. Hugh Kerr Aiken.
IV. Richard Haynesworth (1832 - 1873) m. 1866 Flora Levy. No children.
IV. Anna Maria (1835 - 1879) m. Col. Thomas L. Bayne, C.S.A.
IV. Possibly two other unknown children.
IV. From M/2: Frederick Peck (?? - ??) moved to New Mexico.
IV. John Marshall (?? - 1895) m. Ellen Thorpe. No children.
IV. Helen (1846 - 1919) m. 1870 James Whitehead Locke.
IV. Edmund Dargan/Darren (?? - ??)
IV. Helen (1846 - 1919) m. James Whitehead Locke
III. Matilda (1793 - ??) m. William Ware
III. Jane (1794 - ??) Unmarried
III. Maria (1796 - ??) m. (1) Albert G. Woodson, (2) Edgar R. James
II. John Abt. 1769 - 1828) m. (1) Unknown, (2) Nancy Whitehead 1793, (3) McFarland, (4) Mary Whitehead Greening
III. John (?? - ??)
III. Matthew (1797-1867) m. 1829 Amarinth Phillips
IV. Phillip Heustis Saffold (1831 - 1903) m. 1856 Mary Elizabeth Armistead
V. William Armistead (1857 -1916) m. 1888 Mary Elizabeth Winn
V. Joseph Phillips (1860 - 1910) m. (Unknown)
V. Lucy Herbert (1867 - 1918)
V. Mary Semple (1873 -1944) m. William Lamar Law
IV. Amarinth Lowndes (1832-??)
IV. John (1833-1857) m. Sallie James
IV. Frances Swepson (1838-1876) m. George P. Keys
IV. (Unknown) - (1838 - ??) possible twin of Frances
IV.Zeno Ray (1840 - 1863)
IV. George Washington (1823-1902) m. 1874, Mary Jane Phillips
V. Fannie S. (1875 -1954) m. John Faickney
V. Mary Phillips (1877 - 1947) m. Robert Francis Faickney
V. Robert Porter (1879 - ??)
V. James Ray (1881 - Bef. 1950) m. Alma Moore
V. George Washington (1879 -1972)
V. Walter (1883 - 1919) m. Anna Laura Stafford.
V. Zeno Joseph (1886 - 1974) m. (1) 1904 Fern Edith Habig, (2) Mary Kenny
V. Bettie Lytle (1888 - 1970)
V. John Phillips (1891 - 1966) m. (1) Levinia Brock, (2) Lillian Black (Jones)
IV. Matthew Jr. (1847-1891) moved to Texas
IV. Mary Arthur (1836 - ??)
III. Benjamin W. (1799 - 1850) m. Ann Perkins
IV. Dewitt N. C. (ca. 1828 - ??) m.1859 Frances Higgins/Huggins
V. Nancy (ca. 1860 - ??)
V. Benjamin (ca. 1868, Ala. - ??)
IV. George B. (1831 - ??) m. Eliza J. Wilson. No children
IV. Levin (1836 - ??)
III. Richard Whitehead (1801 - 1866) m. (1) Martha Clark, m. (2) Laura Long
IV. From M/1: Benjamin Billups (1826 - 1875) m. 1850 Julia Ann Dever
V. John Fountain (1850 - 1887) m. about 1871 Amanda Wattis
V. Laura Louise (1853 - ??) m. John Thomas Wilson
V. Mary Alice (1854 - 1892)
V. Henry Collins (1855 - 1932) m. ca. 1878 Sarah Alevia
V. Richard Whitehead (1857 - 1937)
V. Lucy H. (1859 - 1872)
V.Lilly (1861 - ??)
IV. Susan Amarenth (1829 - 1870) m. Dr. W. H. Denney
IV. Matthew W. (1833-??)
IV. Heustis Jackson (Ca. 1834 - ??)
IV. Elizabeth Swepson (Ca. 1837 - ??)
IV. Mary Ann (Ca. 1839 - ??) m. Cal Wooten
IV. Merrill D. (Ca. 1841 - ??)
IV. John R. (1844 - 1877) m. 1871 Margaret M. Richardson
V. Eunie Rae (1873 - ??) m. Frank Montgomery
V. Mary Ola (1874 - ??) m.Dr. Leighton P. Tenney.
V. Addie Lee (1876 - ??) m. 1898 Julian "Bud" McCoy
IV. Felix/Filler G. (Ca. 1848, Liberty Co., Texas - ??)
IV. Elbert H. (Ca. 1852, Liberty Co., Texas - ??)
IV. From M/2: Levin W. (1859 - 1918) m. Emily Goodrum
V. Laura (?? - ??)
V. Leila M. (?? - ??)
V. Bessie G. (?? - ??)
V. Maudie (?? - ??)
III. Billups (1803 - 1851) m. Anna J. Lane Alexander
IV. Anne E. (Ca. 1829 - Aft. 1880) m. James Wrigley
IV. Caroline A. (1833 - ??) m. (Unknown) Bolling
IV. Billups E. (1838 - ??)
III. George Washington (1807 - 1875) m. (1) Margaret Kornegay, m. (2) Joanna Gleason
IV. From M/1: Thomas King (Ca. 1835 - ??)
IV. Margaret King (Ca. 1841 - 1861) m. Thomas C. Brown
IV. From M/2: Alice (1846 - ??) m. Eugene C. Haygood
IV.Sarah Heustis (1849 - ??) m. Wilbur Brown
IV. Mary Arthur (Ca. 1851 - 1876) m. Columbus Gayle
III. Elizabeth Swepson (ca. 1805 - Aft. 1870) m. Dr. Jabez Wiggins Heustis in 1828
III. William Whitehead (ca. 1809 - ??)
III. Andrew Jackson (Ca. 1820 - Ca. 1890) m. (1) Ellen DeWolff, (2) Malinda E. George
IV. From M/1: Celsus O. (1848 - ??)
IV. Mary E. (1854 - ??)
IV. Richard W. (1856 - ??)
IV. Ellen Elesie (1858 - ??)
IV. George W. (ca. 1859 - ??)
IV. Florence (1862 - ??)
IV. Loula (1865 - ??)
IV. Anna (1867 - ??)
IV. Cora (1869 - ??)
IV. Andrew J. II (1871 - ??)
IV. Lillie (1873 - ??)
IV. Stewart (1876 - ??)
II. Mary (1763 - ??) m. Richard M. Dozier
II. Christopher (Bef. 1767 - ??)
II. Julia (??-??)
Dated 9/15/1808; Recorded 11/8/1809, Edgefield Dist., SC;
Proved by William Whitehead, 9/4/1809 (Will Book B/271)
PERSONALLY APPEARED BEFORE ME William Whitehead who being duly sworn on the holy ____ of almighty God doth make oath and say that he saw Lucretia Gale sign, seal, pronounce and declare the same to be her Last Will and Testament, that the said Lucretia Gale was then of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding, to the best of the deponent's knowledge and belief and that he, the said William Whitehead did sign his name as a witness thereto at the request of the testator in his presence at the same time qualified Mathew Gale, Excr., given under my hand at my office the fourth day of September, 1809.

Qualified John Gale as an Exec. To the ________the 14th day of Dec. 1810.

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN______Lukey Gayle of Edgefield district and State of South Carolina being weak of body but of sound and perfect sense and memory, do make, constitute and ordain this my last will and testament in manner & form following:

My will and desire is that my son Matthew Gayle shall have four of my negroes Big Jim, Bob, Nut, & Little Jill. Which Negroes as I do not wish them to go out of the family. My desire is that my son Matthew's children, Billups Gayle, Matthew Gayle, John Gayle & Leaven Gayle when of age shall have them; Billups to have Jim, Matthew to have Bob, John to have Nut & Leaven Jill, to them & their heirs forever. Also to my son, Matthew, a feather bed & bed clothes.

Item: My will & desire is that my son John Gayle shall have three of my Negroes (to wit) Little Jim, Little Simon & Jinny - it is my wish and desire that my son John Gayle's children, Matthew Gayle, John Gayle & Billups Gayle shall have (viz) Little Simon to Matthew, Little Jim to John & Jinny to Billups, to them & their heirs forever. Also to my son John Gayle a feather bed and bed clothes.

Item: My will and desire is that my daughter Polley Dozer shall have one of my Negroes (to wit) Pat. My desire is that her daughter Lukey Dozer shall have said Negroe Girl Pat________or comes of age to her and her heirs forever. Also_________________Polley Dozer a feather bed & furniture.

Item: My will and desire is ______son Christopher Gayle should have the land whereon _____live, and three Negroes (to wit) Jack, Jill, & Molley, two _______beds & furniture, the stock of horses & hogs, with four cows______& three choice young cattle, the Waggon & Gears, ___________plow________tools of every kind, household & kitchen furniture_____________his natural life (______)the event of his having a _____heir or heirs, to them & their heirs forever & after his death_______a Lawful Heir of his body, the whole to be equally divided between my two sons Matthew Gayle & John Gayle them & their heirs forever.

Item: My desire is that the remaining part of cattle ______bequeathed should be equally divided between my two sons, ______Gayle, John Gayle & my Daughter Polly Dozer.

Item: My desire is that the remaining part of cattle_____bequeathed should be equally divided between my two sons _____ Gayle, John Gayle & my Daughter Polley Dozer.

Item: My desire is that none of the young negroes as given above should be taken from (their Mother) or my son Christopher until they arrive to the age of fourteen years, and its particularly my desire that little Jill shall remain with my son Christopher Gayle so long as he lives and after his decease as bequeathed above.

Lastly I appoint my two sons Matthew Gayle & John Gayle Executors to this my last will & Testament, Sign'd Sealed & dated this 15th day of December One Thousand Eight Hundred & Eight.

Lucretia (her mark) Gayle

WITNESSED: William Whitehead, James Harvin, Elizabeth Whitehead
II. BILLUPS (1755, Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co., VA - Before 1783). Billups' birth on 7/7/1755 and baptism on 8/6/1755 was the only birth assigned to Matthew and Lucretia. Billups appears in his father's household between the years 1769 and 1776 and is shown on the list of tithes for Lunenburg, Virginia, in 1772 with five tithes in his household, in 1773 with nine tithes, in 1774 with six, and in 1776 with no tithes. There is no record of him after 1776 and it is assumed he was killed in the Revolutionary War. He was not mentioned in his mother's will and no record of a wife or children has been found.
II. MATTHEW JR. (Born or christened 9/12/1754, Gloucester Co., VA - 9/30/1820, Barlow's Bend, Clark Co., Alabama) married Mary Pentecost Rees and had children.
II. MARY "POLLY" (1763 - Living 1808) was referred to in Lucretia's will as Polly Dozer. She married on 9/9/1787 in Lunenburg, VA, to Richard Mark Dozier (8/15/1760 - ??), son of Leonard and Ann [Gayle] Dozier whose children were Ann Dozier Ramsey, Lucretia Dozier, Mary Dozier, Leonard Dozier, Joyce Dozier, Richard M. Dozier, Jr., Billups Gayle Dozier, and John Dozier.
II. CHRISTOPHER (Before 1767 - After 1808) was living in his father's household in 1783 and was named in his mother's will. In 1787 he appeared on the tithe list for Lunenburg County with seven tithes in his household.
II. JOHN (About 1769, VA - 1828, Wilcox Co., Ala.) married (1) Nancy Whitehead on 11/23/1793, (2) (Unknown) McFarland, and (3) Nancy's sister, Mary Whitehead Greening. It has been suggested that he was married prior to his marriage to Nancy.

II. MATTHEW GAYLE, JR. (1754 - 1820) was born on 9/12/1754 to Matthew and Lucretia Billups Gayle. In 1775 British mercantile claims cite Matthew Gale, Jr. who "moved some years since to Lunenburg Co." In 1776 Matthew, Jr. appears on the tithe list for Lunenburg in Matthew Sr.'s household, but later appears in South Carolina.

During the Revolutionary War Matthew Jr. served as a Corporal under Francis Marion whose troops, recruited from among his South Carolina neighbors, became known as "irregulars" in the patriot army. Marion was known as the "Robin Hood of the Revolution" or the "Swamp Fox," a nickname derived from the fact that his troops operated in the swampy forests of the Pedee region in the lower part of the state. His secret camp was located at Snow Island and it was from this spot, far back in the swamp, that his small band of troops wreaked havoc on the British. One officer complained, "They will not sleep and fight like gentlemen, but like savages are eternally firing and whooping around us a night, and by day waylaying and popping at us from behind every tree." (Ervin, Sara Sullivan) Their makeshift weapons included pruning hooks converted into spears and saws transformed by skilled blacksmiths into sabres. Their uniforms were described in Marion's 1775 "Orderly Book." "Every officer to provide himself with a blue coatee, faced and cuffed with scarlet cloth, and lined with scarlet; white buttons; and a white waistcoat and breeches…also, a cap and black feather…" (Ervin, Sara Sullivan)

In 1784, following the Revolution, Matthew married MARY PENTECOST REES (Abt. 1756 - Abt. 1823, Barlow's Bend, Clark Co., Alabama) in Dinwiddie County, VA, daughter of Col. John and Mary Pentecost Rees of Sumter, SC. They had eight known children.

Mary Rees Gayle's family was associated with both Matthew and Caleb Gayle who were mentioned in the will of Edwin Rees, planter, proved 7/29/1782 in Camden District, South Carolina. The will names Edwin's wife, Mary, and daughters Sally and Elizabeth. Executors were his brothers Hugh Rees, Isham Rees, and Edwin Rees and witnesses were Philip Pettypool, Sarah Rees, and Thomas Andrews. An inventory of the estate was taken by Isham Moore, Huberd Rees, and Abijah Rembert and dated 8/17/1782. Among those mentioned were Philip Pool/Pettypool, Matthew Gayle, Adam F. Brisbane, Samuel Hatfield, Robt Dearington, Thomas Andrew, Dr. Wright, Capt. Josiah Furman, Peter Brunson, Henry Whelar, Mr. Hardis, George Spain, David Neal, Col. Nathl Moore, Wm Moore, Wm Rees, James Habersham, Wm Dinkins, Flemin Tynes, Mr. Grimes, Henry Clark, Caleb Gayle, Wm Barden, Greenberry Caper, Isaac Knighton, Edward Lane, Willis Ramsey, Charles Leflour, Alexander Campbell, James Borough, Benjamin Holloway, Lenard Powell, Capt. Lewis, Matthew Peterson, Mr. Skiner, Robt Moses, Ephraim P. Pool, Golbert Crosswell, Archabald Henson, John Denny, Philip P. Pool. and John Hamilton. [P. Pool is another way of referencing Pettypool.]

On 6/24/1783 Matthew Gayle, Jr. acquired 200 acres on a branch of the Santee River, Little Saluda, Edgefield County, SC originally granted on 5/18/1771 to William Jones. On 9/28/1789 Matthew, Jr. and his wife Mary sold this property, plus 50 acres, to William Dozer. The property was described as part of 300 acres on the south side of the Little Saluda River originally granted on 5/15/1772 to Robert Davis who conveyed the tract on 6/12/1773 to William Jones, who in turn conveyed it on 6/25/1783 to Mathew Gayle. Witnesses were Edward Luten and John Bradshaw. In 1784 claims against Matthew Gayle, Jr. by Dreghorn, Murdock and Company, Prince Edward Store, stated that, "He removed with his estate about 1784 to South Carolina." He left owing the Warwick Store of Dreghorn, Murdock & Co. £10, 18 shillings and 8 ¾ pence. He also owed both the Lunenburg and Petersburg stores of Spiers, Bowman, & Company. Matthew and one John Mason posted a security bond and records indicated that John Mason removed about 1785 to Georgia. In 1803 George Craghead, special agent for Lunenburg County, made a report of the debts due to Buchanan, Hastie and Company and it was noted that Matthew Gale (sic) Jr. moved to Georgia about 15 years prior.

According to Chancery Court records of Lunenburg County between 1785 and 1788 Matthew was sued by John Ingram for non-performance on two bonds, one a tobacco bond in the amount of $2,000.00 which he paid in part. Acting on several court orders the Sheriff of Lunenburg County went in search of Matthew but was unable to locate him as indicated in the following extract. "That your Orator was at last obliged to commence suit against the said defendt. on both of the aforesaid bonds in two separate actions, pending which the said deft. was about to move to So. Carolina, & your Orator was afraid he should lose his debts altogether, as also the amount of an open acct. due by the sd. deft. to your Orator, etc. etc." (VA, Lunenburg Co. Chancery Court Records, 1785 - 1788)

Both Matthew Gayle Sr. and Jr. were named in various land transfers. On 1/29/1788 a tract of 300 acres on the Little Saluda in South Carolina held by Matthew Gayle, Sr. was leased to Pines Ingram of Lunenburg County. Witnesses were Matthew Gayle, Jr., John Pound and Thomas Rees. It was noted that the tract was granted by Governor Thomas Boone to Jacob Berry on 12/20/1762. The deed was proven on 1/21/1801 by Matthew Gayle, Jr. and Arthur Simkins and recorded on 2/17/1801. On March 3rd and 4th of 1789 Peter Cassidy of the High Hills of Santee executed a Deed of Lease and Release to Matthew Gayle, planter, for 250 guineas. The property was described as 500 acres in St. Pauls Parish, now Edgefield County, on Horse Pen Branch between Ninety-Six and the ridge bounding on John Brue's land, Thomas Fletcher, and Henry Shickels land, granted on 8/2/1771 by Governor William Bull to Peter Manigault, Esq. Witnesses were Ulysses Rogers, William Nichols and William Mills. The deed was proved in Claremont County on 6/13/1799 and recorded on 8/27/1799.

In the Abbeville District of South Carolina on 6/12/1802 one John Mainor sold acreage to Thomas Barlow on the south side of Little Stevens Creek and divided from the remaining part of the property of Matthew Gayle, Sr. by the aforesaid creek. It was bounded by the land of George Barlow, Jas. Eddins, and Robert Maze. The deed was recorded on 2/26/1808. (DB 29/4) On 3/7/1804 John Mainor and his wife Keziah sold to Robert Maze 560 acres on the headwaters of Little Stephens Creek of the Savannah River, adjacent to Thomas Barlow, James Eddins, Wm. Dean, Willison, Matthews road, George Turner and Matthew Gayle, Sr. The deed was recorded on 3/2/1807. (DB27/412) - [After Matthew Gayle Sr. died in 1797, Matthew Jr. became known as Gayle Sr. since he also had a son named Matthew.]

In 1809 passports were issued to John and Matthew Gale, Nathan Shackleford, James Young and William Pearce to travel within the areas of Monroe County, Alabama, then part of the Mississippi Territory, Georgia and South Carolina. At the time over half of all the land within the present state of Alabama was owned by the Creek Indians and passports were required for travel. In 1811 passports were issued to Josiah Gale, his wife, four children, and four Negroes from Sumter, SC, and in 1812 a Georgia passport was issued to James Gale, Isaac and Samuel Riley and 24 Negroes, all from South Carolina, to travel through the Creek Indian Nation to the Western Country.

In 1811 Matthew, experiencing financial difficulty, borrowed $1100.00 from one of the Singleton family. In fact Matthew's brother John had purchased land at Sumter from Robert Singleton while Amelia Gayle, Matthew's cousin and daughter of John and Martha Cleveland Gayle, married one John Singleton. Matthew's bond of 15 Negroes was executed on 6/25/1811 and payable on 8/1/1811 but sometime during this period Matthew moved to the Alabama River within the Mississippi Territory taking the Negroes with him. In 1814 Matthew settled at Barlow's Bend in Clark County, Alabama, where he established a plantation. He promised to repay the Singleton's loan but died intestate on 9/30/1820 leaving Mary and children Billups, John Jr., Levin, Lucinda, Maria, and Matilda Gayle. Mary Gayle and John Jr. were administrators of his estate and tried to sell the Negroes with the understanding that they were subject to a mortgage. They were unsuccessful and Mary Gayle consequently purchased all of Matthew's Negroes at less than ¼ of their value. At her death the Negroes and their children were divided among Mary's children and the bond remained unpaid.

The Singleton family sued naming defendants including John Gayle Jr.; Levin Gayle; Maria Gayle, wife of Albert Woodson; Lucinda Gayle and husband Thomas Eastin; Edward Ware, infant son of Matilda Gayle Ware who died before the suit was filed; Harriet Gayle; and the five infant children of Billups Gayle [see below], namely Eliza, Scarboro (sic), Billups, Rees, and Jane Gayle. A bill was filed on 7/10/1824 and John Gayle Jr., as administrator, testified that his father's estate was insolvent. No settlement had been reached as of 1826 and the bill was amended to include Maria Gayle Woodson's second husband, Edgar R. James, as a defendant. Samuel McColl was appointed as guardian ad litem to Edward Ware and John Darrington as guardian ad litem to the remaining four children of Billups Gayle, deceased, since Jane Gayle had died. Harriett Gayle was not identified but was probably an infant since one Z. Merriwether was appointed as her guardian ad litem. John Gayle Jr. admitted that the debt was true and the court found in favor of the plaintiff. Named in the settlement were Negroes TOM, BOB, and JULY.

Matthew Gayle, Jr., known by the Indians at Barlow's Bend as "The Great White Chief," was buried at Gainstown, Clark County, Alabama. Mary Rees Gayle was said to have been buried at their plantation at Barlow's Bend.

III. BILLUPS (9/1785, Abbeville District, SC - ca. 1823, Clark Co., Alabama) married (1) 1804 to Sarah Merriwether (1787 - 1809) and (2) 1810 to Pamela Cunningham.
III. MATTHEW JR (ca. 1786 - 4/18/1810, Freeman's ferry on the Oakmulgee River, GA)
III. LEVIN (1787 - ??) married Ann Brewer.
III. LUCINDA (1789 - ??) married Thomas Eastin.
III. JOHN (9/11/1792, Sumter Dist., SC - 7/21/1859 near Mobile, Alabama) married (1) Sarah Ann Haynesworth on 11/14/1819 (1/18/1804 - 7/30/1835) and (2) Clarissa Stedman Peck on 11/1/1839.
III. MATILDA (ca. 1793 - ??) married William Ware.
III. JANE (1794 - ??) unmarried.
III. MARIA (1796 - ??) married (1) Albert G. (Blake) Woodson, (2) Edgar R. James. The journal of Maria's sister-in-law, Sarah Haynesworth Gayle, contains an entry pertaining to a tragic event that occurred in 1823 when Maria's husband, Albert G. Woodson, was killed by Ben Gayle, apparently as the result of a duel between the two. [Probably Benjamin Billups Gayle (1803 - 1851), the son of John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle.]

III. BILLUPS GAYLE (1785 - 1823) was born in September of 1785 in Abbeville District, South Carolina, to Matthew and Mary Rees Gayle. Around 1804 he married (1) SARAH MERRIWETHER (9/21/1787 - 10/2/1809), daughter of Zachary and Rachel Logan Meriwether of South Carolina, and had children. Billups and his family lived at their plantation, known as Ninety Six, and Billups served as Sheriff of Sumter District. Sarah Merriwether Gayle died in 1809 following the birth of her daughter Harriet and Billups married (2) PAMELA ANN CUNNINGHAM in 1810, daughter of David Cunningham.

On 4/10/1811 a Georgia passport was prepared for Billups Gale, Nathaniel A. Ware, and Abner S. Lipscomp, all from Abbeville District, South Carolina, to travel through the Creek Indian Nation. Billups' brother, John Gayle, studied law in South Carolina with Judge Abner S. Lipscomb (1789 - 1856). Billups settled in Clark County, Alabama, where he died around 1823.

IV. SCARBOROUGH (1805, Sumter County, SC - 1853, Clark Co., Alabama) was given a name with Eastern Shore origins, suggesting a connection with that area and with the John and Maria Billups Gayle whose children, Scarborough, George, John and Matthew were born between 1746 and 1754. Scarborough studied medicine and was a graduate of the College of William and Mary. No record of a wife or children has been found. Scarborough Gayle died in 1853 in Clark County, Alabama.
IV. BILLUPS, JR. (1807 -??) inherited the large estate of his brother Scarborough and bequeathed it to his half-brother, Rees Darrington Gayle.
IV. HARRIET SARAH (9/29/1809 - 2/24/1851) married Judge Matthew Talbot of Matagorda, Texas.

IV. ELIZA (ca. 1811 - ??) married Livingstone Stark and had children John, Turner, Jane Pamela, Stark Wright, Lillian and Vida.
IV. JANE (ca. 1814 - ca. 1828)
IV. REES DARRINGTON (1814 in Clark County, Alabama - 11/19/1905) married in 1851 to Mary Louisa Gill

IV. REES DARRINGTON (1821 - AFTER 1871) was born in 1821 in Clark County, Alabama, to Billups and Pamela Cunningham Gayle. His father died when he was still young so Rees was raised by his Uncle John Gayle and cousin, Colonel John Darrington, who adopted him. In 1850 he appears on the census of Dallas County, Alabama, living in the household of his cousin, George W. Gayle. In 1851 Rees D. Gayle married MARY LOUISA GILL, daughter of Thomas and Nancy Craig Gill, and had children.

Rees D. Gayle fought for the Confederacy. As a lawyer in Cahaba he spoke frequently at political meetings at Saltmarsh Hall. His wife, Mary Louisa Gayle, died soon after the Civil War on 12/6/1871 in Mobile, Dallas County, Alabama, and Rees died sometime afterwards. Several members of the family are buried at Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama.

V. ANNA MARIA (?? - ??) married Dr. Joseph Talbot Fry of Galveston, Texas.
V. THOMAS GILL (1854 - 1929) married Fannie Lou Northrup (1878 - 1956) and had children, Lourees (1895 - 1897), Albert Darrington and Thomas Gill, Jr.
V. REBECCA DARRINGTON (Before 1850 - ??) married William T. Johnson, planter, and died in Dallas County, Alabama.
V. BILLUPS J. (Before 1850 - ??), a lawyer, married Lelia Mills and had an unknown daughter.
V. LOU REES (Before 1850 - Before 1871)
Tombstone Inscriptions of the Gayle family at Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama
Gayle, Billups N. 1911 - 1911
Fannie Lou Northrup 1878 - 1956
Lou Rees 1895 - 1897
Thomas Gill 1854 - 1929
Columbus 1885 - 1910
Columbus Jackson 1839 - 1896
Ellen Gunter 1858 - 1935
Cora Lee Adler 1910 - 1936
George W. 1807 - 1875 - Pvt., Lee's Btry., Ala. Lt. Arty., CSA (D.C.L.)
Mamie A. 1851 - 1876
V. THOMAS GILL GAYLE (1854 - 1929) was born in 1854 to Rees Darrington and Mary Louisa Gayle. Thomas married FANNIE LOU NORTHRUP (1878 - 1956) and had children.

VI. LOUREES (1895 - 1897)
VI. THOMAS GILL, JR. (?? - ??)
III. JOHN GAYLE (1792 - 1859) was born on 9/11/1792 in the Sumter District of South Carolina to Matthew and Mary Reese Gayle. An ancestry of John Gayle written by his grand-daughter, Maria Gayle Gorgas, stated in error that the family was directly descended from Col. George Gale of Somerset County, Maryland, through his son John Gale, a colonel in the Virginia militia, and his wife Leah Littleton. In fact, it was George Gale's son Levin who married Leah Littleton. John married Milcah Hill, daughter of mariner Henry Hill, and had died by 1744 when his widow re-married. The families may be related but a link has not been found.

John attended Newberry Academy and graduated from South Carolina College at Columbia in 1815. The same year he visited his parents who had settled near what is now Mount Vernon, Alabama. John became a permanent resident of that state, settling in Monroe County on a plantation near Claiborne and later near Mobile. Once in Alabama John resumed the study of law at the office of Abraham Giles Dozier under the guidance of Judge Abner S. Lipscomb. In 1817 he was appointed a member of the territorial legislature and was admitted to the Bar in 1818. Upon completion of his studies John became interested in politics and was appointed by President Monroe in 1818 to the first Council of the Alabama Territory. The following year he was appointed a member of the Alabama Territorial Council and was elected solicitor of the first judicial circuit.

On 11/14/1819 John married 16 year old SARAH ANN HAYNESWORTH (1/10/1804 - 1835), daughter of Richard Haynesworth, a prominent Clarke County planter, and his wife Sarah Ann Pringle Haynesworth. According to the family genealogy written by Amelia Gayle Gorgas, Richard Haynesworth (2/20/1775 - 11/25/1826) married Ann Pringle on 6/14/1801 in Sumter County, SC. On 12/4/1808 he sold 1230 acres on Ninety-six Creek in Edgefield District to Joseph Williams for $6,500.00. Witnesses were Matt Gayle and John Martin. The transaction was recorded on 3/1/1808. (DB29/16) Sarah Haynesworth Gayle's journal stated that her family migrated from the High Hills of Santee, South Carolina, to Alabama in 1810 and that their neighbors, the Gayles, did likewise. John and Sarah lived at Sheldon Plantation on the Alabama River in Clark County, Alabama, and had children.

John Gayle enjoyed a lucrative law practice and won recognition as a legislator. From about 1823 to 1828 he served as a judge to the circuit court and to the State Supreme Court. In 1829 he resigned from the Supreme Court to represent Greene County in the State Legislature, serving four terms. He served as Speaker of the House of Representatives until 1831 when he moved to Mobile and practiced law. He entered the gubernatorial race as a pro-Union, Jackson Democrat and won the election. As governor, John supported the state bank and state funded internal improvement programs and during his administration the bank was enlarged and branches established in Montgomery, Mobile, Decatur, and Huntsville. The first railroad in the state was completed and the first textile mill was incorporated in Madison County. Gayle proposed a canal to join the Tennessee and Tombigbee Rivers and nine new counties were created.

In 1832 the United States signed a treaty with the Creek Indians granting them land west of the Mississippi River and allowing some of them to remain on the ceded territory. The treaty stipulated that all illegal white settlers leave the Indian lands and in 1833 violence erupted when federal marshals were sent in to remove those who remained. Gayle staunchly supported the settlers' rights to remain on their lands and denounced the treaty, claiming that the state had priority in negotiations concerning its territory. He was so ardent in his defense of states rights that a local paper, the Huntsville Democrat called him "the wildest and worst of nullifiers." In the midst of the controversy John was re-elected Governor and Francis Scott Key, then District Attorney for the District of Columbia, was sent to Alabama to negotiate with Gayle. Key was successful in his negotiations but the alliance between Gayle and President Jackson was lost and John left the Democratic Party to join the Whigs in support of states rights.
Gayle - Hobson - Tunstall House
AMELIA ROSS GAYLE lived with her family in the Governor's mansion in Tuscaloosa and graduated with honors from Columbia Female Institute in Tennessee. She traveled with her father to Washington in 1847 where she met John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, and President James K. Polk. She was one of two women on the platform when the cornerstone was laid for the Washington monument on 7/4/1848. In December of 1853 she married General Josiah Gorgas, who served as Chief of Ordnance for the Confedracy, and traveled with him to Maine, South Carolina, Richmond, VA, and Pennsylvania during his military career. After the war the family lived in Brierfield, Alabama, until 1870 when Gorgas was elected Vice Chancellor of the University of the South at Sewanee, Tennessee. In 1878 he became President of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa where he died in 1883. After his death Amelia became the librarian at the University of Alabama, a post created for and previously held by her husband. Amelia served the university as librarian, hospital matron and post-mistress for 25 years until she retired at age 80 in 1907. The present Carmichael Hall at the university was begun as a memorial to Mrs. Gorgas, remembered for increasing the university collection from 6,000 to about 20,000 volumes. The library, completed in 1939, was named for her and her portrait hangs on the library's second floor.

Amelia Ross Gayle Gorgas
Sarah Haynesworth Gayle kept a journal that was passed down to her oldest daughter, Sarah Gayle Crawford, then to Jessie Gorgas, Sarah Crawford's niece and sister of General Josiah Gorgas, and from her to Mrs. George Denegre. In the journal Sarah wrote of events in her life and spoke of family and friends. She mentioned a particular bed, "of English make which is exactly like the bed at Mount Vernon," that was brought to Clarke County, Alabama, in 1810 by Matthew Gayle (1754 - 1820) and passed down in the Gayle family. She also wrote about her association with Francis Scott Key, who she had entertained during his trip to Alabama in 1833. When Key returned to Washington, he and Sarah exchanged poems. Sarah also wrote of the family slaves and referring to them as servants, not slaves: ALEX, HAMPTON, HARRIET, HETTY, MIKE & HIS FAMILY, NANETTE, ROSE, and YELLOW JOHN.

On 7/31/1835 Sarah Haynesworth Gayle died in Montgomery County, Alabama, at age 31. Her death, caused by lockjaw following dental work, was described in an account written by Amelia Gayle Gorgas. John was away at the time and Sarah, surrounded by her children, the youngest 6 months old, awaited his return. Knowing her death was eminent Sarah wrote a final farewell to John. "I testify with my dying breath that since first I laid my young heart upon his manly bosom, I have known only love and happiness." She was buried, as she desired, near her Mother on the Alabama River, but has since been removed to Mobile, where she rests beside her husband. The following inscription is on her tombstone: "Sarah Ann Gayle wife of John Gayle was b. the 10th of Jan.1804, was married the 14th of Nov., 1819 and died the 31st of July, 1835. She was alike distinguished for steady and unwavering Christian piety, for her social and domestic virtues, for the brightness and beauty of her intellect."

Two years after Sarah's death John married CLARISSA STEDMAN PECK (11/30/1815 - ??) of Greensboro. The ceremony, held on 11/3/1837, was performed by Thomas B. Wallace, Esq. in the village of Gaston, Sumter County, Alabama, at the residence of Clarissa's father, Mr. Edwin Peck. John and Clarissa had four children.

John continued his political career and in 1836 was made presidential elector on the Judge White ticket and in 1840 he became a Harrison elector. In 1841 some of his Whig friends, without John's knowledge, nominated him for a seat in the Senate. He lost the election but on 3/4/1847 was elected to the Thirtieth Congress on the Whig ticket. He served as Congressional Representative from the Alabama 1st District and as Chairman of the Committee on Private Land Claims. While in Washington he shared a house with John C. Calhoun. From his appointment on 3/13/1849 until his own death in 1859 he was U. S. District Judge for the District of Alabama and was honored with a memorial tablet in the court room at Mobile.
Gayle - Locke House, ca. 1830, demolished
(Library of Congress)
John Gayle was described as a man of sterling character, reputed to have been one of the ablest speakers and writers in the state. He was calm, judicious, urbane, and affable. As governor he was empathetic and generous, using his pardoning power liberally and greatly assisting others. He died on 7/21/1859 near Mobile, Alabama, and is buried in Mobile in the family lot at Magnolia Cemetery. His will named his wife Clarissa S. Gayle and children, Richard H., Matt, Fredrick Peck, Helen, John Marshall, and Edmond Dargan Gayle. Executors were James A. (Unknown), son-in-law Thomas L. Bayne and friend Edmond Dargan. Witnesses were Harry Toulmin, E. P Gaines, and C. M. Godbold. A codicil to the will recorded on 10/20/1859 named grandson John Gayle Bayne. The witness was C. M. Godbold. (Alabama, Mobile Co. WB3/149-151, Will of John Gayle dated 9/28/1858)

Grave of John Gayle, Magnolia Cemetery, Mobile, Alabama
At the time of the Civil War Amelia Gorgas Gayle, wrote in her journal of the evacuation of Richmond. Her account, dated on Sunday, the second of April, 1865, was published in Volume XXV of the Confederate Veteran Magazine.

Sunday, April 2, 1865, opened bright and beautiful, false harbinger of the gloom that enveloped the devoted city before the meridian hour. I attended St. Paul's Church, as usual, sitting with Judge John A. Campbell, as our pew was filled with strangers. Soon after Mr. Minnegerode began his sermon a messenger swiftly and silently passed up the aisle and whispered to General Cooper and other officers of the War Department news which took them immediately from the church. The sermon proceeded, and all was quiet until the messenger returned and, going directly to the President's pew, gave the same whispered message. Mr. Davis arose, pale but composed, and with great dignity passed out of the church. In a moment it was known that Lee's lines in front of Petersburg had been assaulted and broken by the enemy and could not be reestablished, and that Richmond must be evacuated by eight o'clock that night.

All was confusion and despair, for every wife knew that she must be separated from her husband and left to the mercy of a victorious army. The women were brave and aided to the best of their ability the departure of the men. I hastened to our quarters at the armory and found preparations already begun to move the public property. My husband was too much engrossed with his duties to assist me except to urge that I would leave the armory before the enemy entered the city, as he knew the large buildings would be used as barracks for the Federal soldiers. At midnight a messenger announced that the ordnance train was ready, and we parted not to meet again for many long and anxious months. That train was the last to pass over the bridge, which was burned in an hour. Some men too old and infirm for military service and whom we had befriended assisted me in removing a few necessary things to my sister's house, to which asylum my young children had already been taken. My oldest child, a boy of ten years, remained at my side working all night. Two faithful negro servants made Herculean efforts to leave nothing for the Yankees, and in their panic they deposited on the top of Gamble Hill a sewing machine, a mirror, and a stand of shovel, poker, and tongs. The latter are still preserved and used in my sitting room. Just as the day was breaking a sentinel rushed in and announced that the Yankees were coming over Church Hill and begged me to leave at once, as I could not save the furniture, carpets, etc. Much exhausted by the night's work, my young son and I slowly made our way to Mrs. Bayne's house through bursting shells and the lurid glare of many buildings on fire.

Then began wild scenes of confusion on the streets. Liquor from the medical stores emptied in the gutters offered temptation to those who wanted to forget their fate. The contents of the commissary stores were fought for by poor wretches long strangers to food and clothing. As the sun rose long lines of the conquering army passed down our street. The brilliant uniforms of the officers and men and the sleek, prancing horses formed a painful contrast to our ragged and shoeless braves and their half-starved animals. We peered at the enemy through closed shutters, even the children shrinking from the gaze of the terrible Yankees. My sister, Mrs. Bayne, and our friend Mrs. James Alfred Jones were sitting together on a sofa in the sitting room when the fragment of a shell crashed through the window and passed within a few inches of their heads. My son Willie assisted me to spread wet blankets over the flat roof of the house to protect us from the debris of the fires, which at that hour filled the air to suffocation. In the afternoon Willie rushed in and gave the alarm that Yankee soldiers were robbing our neighbor, Mrs. Freeland, of her silver plate and were coming next to our house. In hot haste my sister's cook plunged her silver into a barrel of soft soap. My nurse and I threw the contents of my chest upon the top of an old-fashioned shower bath, the numerous pipes effectually concealing the silver. The marauders were arrested before reaching our house; but my silver bears honorable scars and dents of that dreadful evacuation day.

As night came on crowds of soldiers and negroes filled the streets, and our fears increased, as we had no male protector for the three women and nine children who composed our family. Learning that no guard would be granted unless by personal application, my friend Mrs. Jones and I, with courage born of despair, determined to go to the headquarters of the general commanding, General Ord, and present a little note my husband had addressed to the General, asking his protection for his helpless family. General Ord was a classmate of my husband at West Point. Dressed in deep mourning, we drew our crape veils and with timid steps threaded our way through smoking ruins and masses of flaunting negro women and Yankee soldiers to the City Hall. The crowd around the entrance was so dense that we could not have reached the provost's office but for the assistance of Dr. Nichols, who had a way opened for us. Trembling, we approached the man of authority, who proved not to be General Ord, and presented our note. He scanned us closely and politely and, catching a glimpse of the pale and beautiful face of my friend, invited us with some solicitude to be seated. In a few minutes, in response to instructions given to his orderly, a tall Prussian soldier presented himself and was ordered to follow the two ladies to their home and protect them from molestation and intrusion. Our neighbors, seeing us followed by an armed soldier, concluded that we were under arrest and sent messages of sympathy and encouragement. The guard was faithful and attentive, and during the week he was on duty he made warm friends of our children and promised next time he would be 'a nice Confederate and not a bad Yankee,' for which concession the little Rebels embraced him.

After our little ones were asleep we three tired, heartbroken women sat bewailing the terrible misfortune that had befallen our beloved city. We tried to comfort ourselves by saying in low tones (for we feared spies even in our servants) that the capital was only moved temporaily to Danville, that General Lee would make a stand and repulse the daring enemy, and that we should yet win the battle and the day. Alas! Alas for our hopes!

IV. FREDERICK PECK (?? - ??) moved to New Mexico.
IV. JOHN MARSHALL (?? - 1895) married Ellen Thorpe, no children found.
IV. HELEN (1846 - 1919) married in 1870 to James Whitehead Locke, who was educated at Princeton University. The couple lived in Greensboro, Alabama and James served with Company D, 5th Alabama Regiment, CSA. A home known as the Gayle - Locke House was built ca. 1830 in Greensboro, but later demolished.
IV. PHILIP HEUSTIS SAFFORD (4/13/1831 at Cahaba, Dallas County, Ala. - 2/3/1903 at Montgomery, Ala.) married Mary Elizabeth Armistead 1/30/1855 at Montgomery, Alabama.
IV. AMERANTH LOWNDES (ca. 1832 in Alabama - ??) was not on the 1850 census.
IV. JOHN (4/11/1833 at Cahaba, Dallas County, Ala. - 1/20/1857) married Sallie E. James 6/27/1855 in Montgomery Co, Alabama. They had no children.
IV. MARY ARTHUR (1836 - ??) was not on the 1850 census.
IV. FRANCES "Fanny" SWEPSTONE (ca. 1838 at Cahaba, Dallas County, Ala. - 1876) married George P. Keyes on 6/13/1852. She and three children died of yellow fever and were buried at Oakwood Cemetery.
IV. UNKNOWN (twin of Frances?) - (1838 - ??)
IV. ZENO RAY (6/2/1840 - 1863) Member Co. A, 1st Batt'n., Hilliard's Legion, Alabama Volunteers. He died at the Battle of Chickamauga.
IV. GEORGE WASHINGTON (2/22/1842 at Montgomery, Alabama - 5/19/1902 at Waverly Pl., Brazoria County, Texas) married Mary Jane Phillips on 5/28/1874 at Brazoria County, Texas.
IV. MATTHEW, JR (10/19/1847, Alabama - 8/28/1891, Brazoria Co., Texas) appeared on the 1870 census for Montgomery County, Alabama, in the household of his brother, Phillip. He was listed as Matt Gayle, age 22, "clerk in grocery store." Also listed was a female servant born in Finland with the surname of Windeman. According to the Montgomery City Directory of 1880-81 Matthew was listed as a clerk with Gibson & Hargrove. In 1887 he was listed with the Southern Express Company in Montgomery but moved to Brazoria, Texas.

IV. PHILLIP HEUSTIS SAFFORD GAYLE (1831 - 1903) was born on 4/13/1831 at Cahaba, Dallas County, Alabama, to Matthew and Amaranth (Marinda) Lowndes Phillips Gayle. On 1/30/1856 in Montgomery, Alabama, he married MARY ELIZABETH (SEMPLE) ARMISTEAD (3/28/1837, Green Co., Ala. - 5/14/1903, Montgomery, Ala.), daughter of William and Lucy Boyd Armistead. An uncle by marriage was Judge Reuben Saffold, a colleague of Phillip's father Matthew and his uncle George Washington Gayle.

Phillip H. S. Gayle graduated with honors from the University of Georgia. He appeared on the 1860 census in Montgomery County, Alabama, as a lawyer with his wife, Mary E., age 22 and sons W. A., age 3 and Joseph P., 6 mos. During the Civil War Phillip served as private secretary to Gen. Leroy Pope Walker, Secretary of War, and was the officer who sent the telegram from the Capitol of the Confederacy commanding Gen. Beauregard to fire on Fort Sumter. After the war Phillip was listed on the 1870 Census for Montgomery County as a Warehouse Clerk, age 39. Mary was listed at age 33, William at age 13, Joseph at age 10 and Lucy at age 7. In 1880 Philip appears as a warehouse manager, age 49, with Mary, age 43; William, age 23, clerk; Joseph, age 20, cotton weigher; Lucy, age 17; and Mary, age 7. According to the Montgomery City Directory for 1880 - 1895 Phillip was superintendent of the Montgomery Warehouse from 1880 - 1881. The address was listed as 201 Lee & 221 Moulton St. In 1891 he was listed with the firm of Marks & Gayle at 221 Moulton Street and also with the Montgomery Warehouse at 141 Lee Street, Marks & Gayle proprietors. Named were Gayle A. Marks, P. H. S. Gayle, and W. A. Gayle. In 1893 Phillip was proprietor of the Montgomery Warehouse & Alabama fertilizer Company. In 1895 the firm of Marks & Gayle was listed with proprietors named S. C. Marks, P. H. S. Gayle, and W. A. Gayle, cotton factors, Montgomery Warehouse, Alabama Fertilizer, at 201 - 215 Lee Street in Montgomery.

Phillip H. S. Gayle died on 2/3/1903 at Montgomery, Alabama, and the following excerpt appeared in the
Confederate Veteran magazine.


They were lovely and pleasant in their lives,
And in their death they were not divided.

The blue curtain of the skies that shuts from mortal sight the glory of the 'better country' has parted to admit into that celestial paradise two whose lives and hearts were knit together with the bonds of everlasting affection. For forty-seven years and four months of happy married life they had walked together. On the 7th of May, 1903, Mrs. Gayle passed away, and on the 22nd her husband's spirit went to meet her in the Father's home.

They were both natives of Alabama, Mrs. Gayle being born in Green County March 28, 1837, and Mr. Gayle in Cahaba, Dallas County, April 13, 1831. Mrs. Gayle was the daughter of Col. William and Lucy Armistead, formerly of Virginia. She received a classical education at the select school of Mrs. Meade, in Richmond. Mr. Phillips H. S. Gayle was the son of Matthew and Amaranth Gayle. His parents were originally South Carolinians, and his near kinsman, John Gayle, was the seventh Governor of Alabama. Graduating with high honors at the University of Georgia, he received the medal for oratory, and prepared to enter upon the practice of law.

When the Confederate States came into existence, he at once allied himself with its interests, and he be-came the private secretary of Gen. Leroy Pope Walker, Secretary of War. As such he sent the telegram from the capital of the Confederacy commanding Gen. Beauregard to fire on Fort Sumter, "the shot that rang around the world.

But his soul longed for more active service, and when the Cabinet moved to Richmond he resigned his position as secretary to the Secretary of War and entered the field service of the Confederate Army.

He declined to accept any office, but often performed duties of trust. Under his personal care the wife and daughter of his commanding general were safely escorted through the lines to their home.

At the close of the war he, like the majority of the Confederate soldiers, was compelled to battle with depressing financial circumstances, but in that patient way which characterized him through life he began upon a small salary. Among the first positions that he held was that of bookkeeper and confidential clerk of one of the largest wholesale firms of Montgomery. With his fine business training and sterling qualities, he soon became a member of a leading cotton firm of the State, and continued his successful business career with them until his death. He was gentle, kind, and considerate to his employees, and was consulted with every confidence by those with whom he came in contact in his business life. His word was his bond, and his name was the synonym of honor and uprightness. He never injured any one by word or deed, and no man in Alabama possessed a wider influence for good or had a more enviable reputation. He was the best of husbands, and as a father,

Quick in love, wakeful in care,
Tenacious of his trust, proof in experience,
Severe in honor, perfect in example,
Stamped with authority.

Phillips and Mary (Armistead) Gayle were married January 30, 1855. Their four children were William Armistead, Joseph Phillips, Lucy Herbert, and Mary Semple, who married Dr. William Lamar Law.

No note of discord or disturbance ever marred his fireside. He and his family were woven together in bonds of love, and the home love was radiant with the influence of his ripened Christian character.

From the early age of twenty, when at the university, his lovely Christian disposition began to exercise its influence upon his fellow-students, and continued with associates to the last moment of his long and useful life. He so lived that men took notice of him "that he had been with Jesus," and now there are many business men of Montgomery who are trying to imitate his Christian life and sterling qualities.

He was known throughout the State as an active Christian layman. Although favored with a fine university education, and living in an atmosphere of refinement and culture, yet his heart yearned toward his brethren who were not so fortunately situated. He delighted at all time to be identified as a Christian worker among the poor, and remembrance of his gentle presence at the bedside of the sick and dying adds luster to his worthy memory.

Among all his Christian graces he was preeminently a patient man. While his sufferings were of the most intense character, he never complained. His last words were a testimony to his faith in the highest powers, but, impressive as they were at that time, they confirmed the testimony of his long and useful life, which had been one of consecrated faith and love.

Mrs. Gayle was one of the charter members of the Ladies' Memorial Association, and also of the Sophie Bibb Chapter, U.D.C. During the eventful years of the War between the States she was unselfish in her devotion to the cause. No call was ever made on the women of the South or of Montgomery, whether for private necessities, or public emergencies, that was not responded to by her. Clothing for the boys in the field, and loving, generous care for the families of the absent ones were among the constant evidences of her loving heart. Her husband was in the front of the fray, and her two brothers were Maj. Robert and Lieut. Col. Herbert Armistead, of the Twenty-Second Regiment of Alabama Volunteers. Both were slain in battle - the one at Shiloh and the other at Franklin. They gave generously of their means for the equipment of that splendid body of men who were so courageously and faithfully led by Gen. Deas.

The family of Armistead is descended from a long line of patriots and brave men. Among them was the gifted Speaker Robinson, of Virginia, who was the first Speaker of the House of Burgesses, the friend and compeer of George Washington. There was also the Armistead of Fort McHenry defending the flag while Francis Scott Key was writing the 'Star-Spangled Banner;' and at Gettysburg the only stone erected by the Federals at the crest where the tide of battle turned, and the tide of Confederate success began to wane, bears the name of Louis Armistead. A short while before Mrs. Gayle's death, a touching incident occurred. Veteran Cooper, of the Twenty-Second Alabama Regiment, brought to her the flag of that regiment, which had first been received from the ladies of Mobile by her brother, Maj. Robert Armistead. When the color bearer was killed in the last action of the war, Veteran Cooper took the flag from the faithful hand of the dead and bore it home.

Mrs. Gayle was always actively interested in the work of the Memorial Association, but persistently declined to accept any office, though often solicited to do so. For more than a year before her death she was the constant companion and nurse of her invalid husband. This devotion sapped her strength, and she became an easy prey to pneumonia, but she bravely kept her place by his side until forced to leave in the unselfish fear lest her cough might disturb him. Quickly the end came, and he knew it not. Friends and loved ones passed softly to and fro about the lovely form from which the spirit had vanished, fearing lest a sob or sigh might tell him of his bereavement. It was only fifteen days before her beloved husband fell on sleep and was laid beside her in 'God's Acre.'

Perhaps in no trait of character were they more congenial than modesty. Honors possessed for them no charm. Home was their chosen sphere, and yet as patriots and in the Church they were prominent. Their service in the Methodist Church was a mutual pleasure, and is a part of the history of a congregation which must ever gratefully remember their quiet help in times of need.

Mrs. Gayle's gentle womanliness and amiability found a counterpart in one of the kindest hearts that ever beat in manly breast. Together they lived and loved, serving each other, their home, their country, and their God.

A prominent trait of this noble woman was that she seemed to possess the secret of perpetual youth. Years only added to the grace and charm of her light and winsome manners. Always hopeful, looking on the bright side of every subject, keeping abreast of the age in her reading and her thoughts, she was the center of attraction for the young people who knew her. Her piety was unostentatious. It had not the noise of the cataract, but resembled the deep calm of the flowing river. It was like the dew in the quiet manner in which it performs its ministry. It falls silently and imperceptibly; it is noiseless, no one hears it dropping; it chooses the darkness of the night, while men are sleeping, and when no man can witness its beautiful work. It covers the leaves with clusters of pearls; it steals into the bosom of the flowers and leaves a new cupful of sweetness there, in the morning there is new life and fresh beauty everywhere - the fields are green and the gardens more fragrant, and all nature speaks with a new splendor. It was in this manner that this lovely couple did the best work of their lives, and in so doing preferred that their influence should be felt rather than seen or heard. Their best gifts were scattered so silently and secretly that no one in this life will ever know by what hand they were dropped.

V. WILLIAM ARMISTEAD (1/11/1857 - 1/3/1916) married Mary Elizabeth Winn on 11/21/1888 at Demopolis, Alabama. No children were found. In 1880-81the Montgomery City Directory listed W. A. Gayle, bookkeeper, Speirs & Gayle, Montgomery Warehouse, boarding with P. H. S. Gayle. From 1881 to 1883 he was listed as W. A. Gayle, J. H. Spiers, Spiers & Gayle, draymasters, corner Washington & Montgomery. In 1883 he was listed as a salesman at 201 Lee Street, boarding at 221 Moulton Street. In 1887 he is listed as Wm. A. Gayle, 21 Moulton Street, and in 1891 as Wm. A. Gayle, Marks & Gayle [a cotton business], 414 S. Perry St. Also in 1891 W. F. Vandiver, M. P. LeGrand, Jr., W. A. Gayle, T. H. Moore, and A. P. Hannon, President, Sec., Treas., Gen'l. Mgr, Agent, Peoples Line of steamers, Tinsie Moore - Montgomery. From 1893 - 1895 William appears with the firm of Marks & Gayle; and in partnership with T. D. Semple as Gayle & Semple, Ochre Mines. He later settled in Verbena, Alabama.
V. JOSEPH PHILLIPS (1860, Montgomery, Ala. - 5/10/1910) married an unknown woman. He appears in the Alabama Directory as a real estate agent in the "Alabama Club Building." He was listed in the Montgomery City Directory in 1880-81 as a clerk, Montgomery Warehouse, boarding with his father. From 1883 to 1891 he worked in his father's business and was listed as a "weigher."
V. LUCY HERBERT (1867, Montgomery, Alabama - 11/27/1918, Montgomery, Alabama)
V. MARY SEMPLE (10/7/1873, Montgomery, Ala. - 4/5/1944) married William Lamar Law.
According to the Montgomery City Directory from 1880 - 1895, Mrs. Mary Gayle, Miss Lucy Gayle, and Mrs. A. L. Gayle were all residing at 21 Moulton Street in 1887.

IV. GEORGE WASHINGTON GAYLE (1842 - 1902) was born to Matthew and Amaranth (Marinda) Lowndes Phillips Gayle on 2/22/1842 at Montgomery, Alabama. On 5/28/1874 George married MARY JANE PHILLIPS (11/17/1853, Brazoria County, Texas - 12/25/1941), daughter of James Ray and Mary Jane Pentecost Phillips, of Waverly Place, Brazoria County, Texas.

On 4/26/1861 George Washington Gayle enlisted at Montgomery, Alabama, in Company "G," 3rd Alabama Infantry Regiment, known as the "True Blues," that later became Lee's Battery, Alabama Light Artillery. He served throughout the entire war and was with General Lee's troops at Appomattox. He did not surrender but instead left for home. He appeared on the 1880 Census for Brazoria County Texas, as George W. Gayle, age 37, of Alabama, Clerk. Living in his household were his wife Mary J. Gayle, age 26; children Fannie S., age 5; Mary P., age 2; Robert Reese, age 9/12 and James R. Phillips, age 76, George's father-in-law. The family was listed again in 1900 as George W. Gayle, age 49; Jennie P., age 46; Mary P., age 22; James Ray, age 17; J. Walter, age 16; Zeno J., age 14; Bettie L, age 11 and John P., age 8. Several members of this family later settled in Harris County, Texas. George Washington Gayle died at Waverly Place, Brazoria County, Texas, on 5/19/1902. He is buried in West Columbia, Texas. Mary Jane Phillips Gayle died on 12/25/1941 at home in East Columbia, Texas.

V. FANNIE S (4/18/1875, Waverly Place, Brazoria Co., Texas - 7/9/1954 at Angleton, Texas) married John Faickney
V. MARY PHILLIPS (7/1877, E. Columbia, Texas - 1947) married Robert Francis Faickney.
V. ROBERT REESE (8/26/1879, E. Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas - ??)
V. JAMES RAY (8/16/1881, E. Columbia, Texas - before 1950, Angleton, Texas) married Alma Moore.
V. GEORGE WASHINGTON (2/2/1879 - 1/1972, Harris County, Texas) known as "Uncle Watt."
V. WALTER (9/16/1883, E. Columbia, Texas - 1919, San Antonio, Texas) married Anna Laura Stafford.
V. ZENO JOSEPH (5/27/1886, E. Columbia, Texas - 12/2/1974, Harris County, Texas) married (1) 11/10/1904 to Fern Edith Habig, (2) Mary Kenny at E. Columbia, Texas. Buried at Forest Park Cemetery.
V. BETTIE LYTLE (11/5/1888, E. Columbia, Texas - 10/15/1970, E. Columbia, Texas)
V. JOHN PHILLIPS (12/11/1891, E. Columbia, Texas - 10/28/1966, E. Columbia, Texas) married (1) Levinia Brock, (2) Lillian Black (Jones), Texas.

V. ZENO JOSEPH GAYLE (1886 - 1974) was born on 5/27/1886 in East Columbia, Texas, to George Washington and Mary Jane (Jennie) Phillips Gayle. On 11/10/1904 he married FERN EDITH HABIG in East Columbia, Texas and had children. Zeno Joseph Gayle died on 12/2/1974 in Houston, Texas and was buried at Forest Park Cemetery.

VI. KATHRYNE (?? - ??)
VI. HELEN (?? - ??)
VI. JO (?? - ??)
VI. DORIS (?? - ??)

III. BENJAMIN W. GAYLE (CA. 1799 - BY 1850) was born to John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle ca. 1799 in South Carolina. On 4/23/1828 Benjamin married ANN PERKINS of Wilcox County, Alabama and had children.

Between the years 1824 and 1825 Benjamin provided security in several marriages including Thompson Jackson and Mary Brantley on 9/9/1824, Emery McGraw and Nancy Campbell on 5/15/1825, William Hobbs and Bethenia Conner on 1/13/1825, and Wiley Jones and Pamelia Sloan on 6/30/1825. On 4/14/1828 Benjamin acquired 80.25 acres in Cahaba, Wilcox County, Alabama and on 12/15/1828 the same acreage was sold by Benjamin and his wife, Ann, to Caleb Etheridge.

Benjamin must have died by 1850 since the 1850 Federal Census for Wilcox County listed Ann Gayle, age 50, as head of a household in Washington County, Alabama. Living with her were children D.N.C., age 22; George B., age 19; Levin, age 14, and one Nancy Brewer, age 75, born in Georgia. Also in 1850 Ann Gayle appeared on the Washington County, Alabama Slave Schedule with 13 UN-NAMED SLAVES.

IV. DEWITT N. C. (ca. 1828 - ??) married Frances Higgins/Huggins on 8/2/1859 at Washington County, Alabama and lived at Skipperville, Dale, Alabama, and had children.
IV. GEORGE B. (1831 - ??) married Eliza J. Wilson. No children were found. He served as a private in Company C, 8th Alabama Infantry, CSA. George B. Gale (sic) appeared on the 1880 census of Rockbridge County, Lexington, Virginia, in the household of his father-in-law, William H. Wilson, age 69, of Virginia; Elizabeth Wilson, age 72, of Virginia and three Wilson children. His name was given as George B. Gale, age 47, and with him was his wife Eliza J. Wilson Gale, age 35. He also appeared on the 1880 census for Giles County, Alabama, at Walker's Creek as George B. Gale (sic).
IV. LEVIN (1836 - ??) Alabama

IV. DEWITT N. C. GAYLE (CA. 1828 -Living 1868), was born to Benjamin and Ann Perkins Gayle ca. 1828. On 8/2/1859 DeWitt married FRANCES HIGGINS/HUGGINS in Washington County, Alabama and had children. The family lived at Skipperville, Dale County, Alabama, and DeWitt owned 120 acres of land in Clarke County, Alabama. He must have died by 1870 since the census for Dale County lists the head of the household as Francis (sic) Gale, age 50, along with Nancy, age 20, and Benjamin, age 12.

NANCY (ca. 1860 - ??)
BENJAMIN (ca. 1868, Alabama - ??)

III. RICHARD WHITEHEAD GAYLE (1801 - 1866) was born in 1801 at Abbeyville, Sumter District, South Carolina to John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle. On l0/9/l823 he married (1) MARTHA CLARK (1805, Georgia - ca. 1857, Crocket, Texas), of Dallas County, Alabama, and had ten children before Martha's death. Richard then married (2) HANNA A. "LAURA" LONG (1822 - ??) of Lovelady, Texas, about 1858 and had a son, Levin W. Gayle.

Richard acquired a great deal of property in Alabama from 1825 to 1837. On 4/22/1825 he purchased 80.69 acres at Cahaba in Wilcox County and on 7/18/1833 he acquired the same number of acres, also at Cahaba. On 5/24/1834 Richard and his wife Martha of Sumter County sold acreage to Angus McRae of Dallas County (DB-F/390) and on 12/24/1835 they sold additional property to Churchill Jones. (DB-E/360) Again in Cahaba Richard acquired 40.34 acres on 10/21/1834, 80.12 acres on 4/2/1835, 77.77 acres on 4/10/1837 and another 80.27 acres on the same date. In Demopolis Richard purchased 80.18 acres on 11/2/1837, 160.38 acres on 11/2/1837 and another 82.31 acres on the same date.

In 1844 Richard left Alabama and moved his family to Liberty, Texas, where they appear on the 1850 census as Household #103. Listed as head of the household was Richard W., 49, SC; Martha, 45, GA and children (all born in Alabama) Mathew W., 17; Heustes Jackson, 16; Elizabeth S., 13; Mary Ann, 11; Merrill D., 9; John R., 6; and Felix G., 2. Richard and his family left Liberty and went to Crocket, Houston County, Texas, and on 8/10/1854 purchased land from G. W. Southwick and built a home on GAYLE CREEK, located just east of Crockett in central Houston County. The creek was named for Richard who lived there until his death in 1866 and was buried on the property.

IV. BENJAMIN BILLUPS (11/8/1826, Alabama - 3/19/1875 or 1895, Bexar County, Texas) married Julia Ann Dever (4/10/1829 - 9/20/1862, Bexar Co., Texas). He was buried at Oak Island Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas.
IV. SUSAN AMERANTH (Ca. 1829, Alabama - 5/21/1870, Pennington, Houston Co., Texas) married Dr. William Henry Denny in Liberty Co., Texas. She was living in Crockett in 1880.
IV. MATTHEW W. (Ca. 1833, Alabama - ??)
IV. HEUSTIS JACKSON (Ca. 1834, Alabama - ??)
IV. ELIZABETH SWEPSON (Ca. 1837, Alabama - ??)
IV. MARY ANN (Ca. 1839, Alabama - ??) married Cal Wooten.
IV. MERRILL D. (Ca. 1841, Alabama - ??) was on the 1880 census in Houston County, Texas, unmarried.
IV. JOHN RICHARD (3/4/1844 or 1846, Liberty Co., Texas - 8/6/1877, Freestone Co., Texas) married 11/15/1871 to Margaret M. Richardson (12/15/1856, Sumter, SC).
IV. FELIX/FILLER G. (Ca. 1848, Liberty Co., Texas - ??)
IV. ELBERT H. (Ca. 1852, Liberty Co., Texas - ??)

IV. LEVIN W. (6/8/1859, Houston Co., Texas - 3/6/1918, Volga Community, Houston Co., Texas) married 1/10/1884 to Emily Goodrum (1868 - 1928).

IV. BENJAMIN BILLUPS (1826 - 1895) was born to Richard Whitehead and Martha Clark Gayle on 11/8/1826 in Alabama. In 1849 Benjamin Billups Gayle married JULIA ANN DEVER (4/10/1823, Alabama, - 9/20/1862, San Antonio, Bexar Co., Texas) and had children.

Benjamin's family appeared on the 1850 census at Liberty Co., Texas, as Benjamin B. Gayle, age 23, Alabama; Julia A., age 20, Texas; James H., 2 ½, Texas; Catherine Dever, age 54, La; J. E. Dever, age 34, LA; and 3 boarders. In 1860 the family is listed again as Benjamin Gale, age 33, Alabama; Julia A., age 37, Texas; Fountain, age 10; Laura, age 7; Collin, age 5; Richard, age 3; Lucy, age 1, and Catherine Dever, age 64, Louisiana. All of the children were born in Texas. On the 1870 census for San Antonio in Bexar County, Texas, Benjamin appears as a farmer, age 45 from Alabama. In his household were John Fountain, age 20, a laborer born in Texas; Laura, age 18, born in Texas and noted as "keeping house;" Collin, laborer, age 15;Richard, laborer, age 13; Lucy, age 10; and Lilly, age 8. Julia A. Gayle died on 9/20/1862 and Benjamin Billups Gayle on 3/19/1895 in Bexar County, Texas. Both were buried at Oak Island Cemetery in San Antonia. Julia shares a marker with her daughter, Lucy H. Gayle (8/1/1859 - 10/13/1872).

V. JOHN FOUNTAIN (7/10/1850, Texas - 12/7/1887) married Amanda Wattis and had children.
V. LAURA LOUISE (3/27/1853, Liberty Co. - ??) married John Thomas Wilson.
V. MARY ALICE (8/22/1854 - 4/11/1892, Yancy, Texas) was buried beside her father. Her marker reads, "Precious Alice is gone to that beautiful home and is waiting there for mother."
V. HENRY COLLINS (7/9/1855 - 12/11/1932, buried Oak Island Cemetery) married Ca. 1878 to Sarah Alevia (2/21/1859 - 12/23/1937, buried Oak Island Cemetery) and appeared on the 1880 census for Bexar Co., Texas at age 24. Also listed were his wife Sarah, age 19, and son Henry, 4/12. He appeared on the 1900 census for Bexar Co., Texas at age 44; wife Sarah, age 41; children Henry, born 1879; Annie, born 1881; Ora, born 1883; Glen, born 1885; Benjamin, born 1887; John, born 1890; Callie, born 1894 and Herman, born 1898.
V. RICHARD WHITEHEAD (7/25/1857, Texas - 1937, buried Oak Island Cemetery in San Antonio, Texas) appeared on the 1880 Census in Bexar County, Texas as a single man and on the 1900 Census for Bexar County at age 41, "living alone."
V. LUCY H. (8/1/1859, Texas - 10/13/1872) was buried at Oak Island Cemetery and shares a marker with her mother.
V. LILLY (4/20/1861, Texas - ??)

V. JOHN FOUNTAIN GAYLE (1850 - 1887) was born on 7/10/1850 at Liberty County, Texas to Benjamin and Julia Ann Dever Gayle. John married AMANDA WATTIS in 1871, had children, and was a farmer in Bexar County, Texas. He appeared on the 1880 Bexar Co., Texas Census at age 30, Farmer; wife Amanda, age 26; Julia, 8; Ellen, 6; Ada, 3; Susan, 1; W. E. Wattis, 55, NC - father-in-law; Joseph Lumkey, 12, grandson of W. E. Wattis and Jonas Akin, 43, stockman. John Fountain Gayle died on 12/7/1887 and is buried at Oak Island Cemetery in San Antonio.

VI. JULIA A. (3/4/1872 - 5/29/1893, buried at Oak Island Cemetery)
VI. ELLEN (ca. 1874, Texas - ??)
VI. ADA (ca. 1877, Texas - ??)
VI. SUSAN (ca. 1879, Texas - ??)

V. HENRY COLLINS GAYLE (1855 - 1932) was born on 7/9/1855 to Benjamin and Julia Ann Dever Gayle. He married SARAH ALEVIA (2/21/1859 - 12/23/1937) around 1878 and had 8 children. The family appears on the 1880 Federal Census for Bexar Co., Texas, with Henry listed as age 24; wife Sarah, age 19; and son Henry, 4/12. He appears on the 1900 census for Bexar County at age 44 and wife Sarah at age 41. Henry Collins Gayle died on 12/11/1932 and Sarah on 12/23/1937. Both were buried at Oak Island Cemetery at San Antonio, Texas.

VI. HENRY (9/1879 - ??)
VI. ANNIE (8/1881 - ??)
VI. ORA (10/1883 - ??)
VI. GLEN (11/1885 - ??)
VI. BENJAMIN (11/1887 - ??)
VI. JOHN (8/1890 - ??)
VI. CALLIE (9/1894 - ??)
VI. HERMAN (9/1898 - ??)

IV. JOHN RICHARD GAYLE (1844/46 - 1877) was born to Richard and Martha Clark Gayle at Liberty County, Texas, on either 3/4/1844 or, according to his tombstone, 3/8/1846. On 11/15/1871 John Richard married MARGARET M. RICHARDSON (12/15/1856, Sumter, SC - ??) at Freestone County, Texas, where they lived and raised their children. John Richard Gayle died on 8/6/1887. He was buried at Oak Island Cemetery in San Antonio.

V. EUNIE "UNY" RAE (8/15/1873 - ??) married Frank Montgomery.
V. MARY OLA (12/5/1874 - ??) married Dr. Leighton P. Tenney.
V. ADDIE LEE (9/26/1876 - ??) married on 2/1898 to Julian "Bud" McCoy.

ALFRED COLLINS GAYLE: "Sept. 20, 1918 May 15, 1986 - Married Dec. 24, 1944, A. C. G.; Troop E Cavalry 124th WW II" - Double stone with Rosena Marie Gayle: "Dec. 24, 1924 Feb. 12, 1999"
B. B. GAYLE: "Nov. 8, 1826 Mar. 19, 1895, In memory of - Kind friends beware as you pass by, as you are now, so once was I; As I am now so you must be, Prepare therefore to follow me."
DAVID F. GAYLE: "Apr. 7, 1913" - Double stone with OLGA FREES GAYLE: "Feb. 12, 1909 Mar. 24, 1999"
HENRY COLLINS GAYLE: "July 9, 1855 Dec. 11, 1932 - At Rest" - Double stone with SARAH ALEVIA GAYLE: "Feb. 21, 1859 Dec. 23, 1937 - At Rest"
HENRY F. GAYLE: "1879 1956, Father - The Lord is my shepherd" - Double stone with LILLIE D. GAYLE: "1886 1963 - Mother - The Lord is my shepherd"
HERMAN T. GAYLE: "1899 1964" - Double stone with TINEY Y. GAYLE: "1900 1988"
J. F. GAYLE: "July 10, 1850 Dec. 7, 1887 - In memory of - He giveth His beloved sleep"
J. FOUNT GAYLE: "July 23, 1906 July 7, 1977 - In His will is our peace" - Double stone with LUDMILA T. GAYLE: "June 24, 1907 May 1, 1972 - In His will is our peace"
JOHN C. GAYLE: "Aug. 15, 1890 June 1, 1959 - Sparky" - Double stone with SUSIE ANN GAYLE: "Nov. 24, 1895 Dec. 3, 1987"
JOHN C. GAYLE, JR.: "July 16, 1922 July 8, 1994 - Jake" - J. C. G., Jr.; 96th Infantry Division; 382nd Regiment WWII; Purple Heart" - Double stone with LOU ELLA GAYLE: "Aug. 21, 1927 - Wendy" - Interlocking rings: "June 1, 1946"
JOHN R. GAYLE: "Mar. 8, 1846 Aug. 6, 1887 - Sacred to the memory of - At Rest"
JULIA A. GAYLE: "Apr. 10, 1823 Sept. 20, 1862 - In memory of Julia A., wife of B. B. GAYLE"
Shared marker with LUCY H. GAYLE: "Aug. 1, 1859 Oct. 13, 1872"
JULIA A. GAYLE: "Mar. 4, 1872 May 29, 1893 - Thou shalt sleep but not forever"
MARY ALICE GAYLE: "Aug. 22, 1854 Apr. 11, 1892 - Precious Alice is gone to that beautiful home and is waiting there for mother"
R. W. GAYLE: "1857 1937 - Gone, but not forgotten"
SARAH CATHERINE GAYLE: "Jan. 19, 1920 Apr. 5, 1920"
IV. LEVIN W. GAYLE (1859 - 1918) was born on 6/8/1859 in Houston County, Texas to Richard Whitehead and his second wife, Laura Long Gayle. On 1/10/1884 he married EMILY GOODRUM (1868 - 1928) and had children. Levin Gayle died on 3/6/1918, Volga Community, Houston Co., Texas and he and Emily are buried at Salem Cemetery, Houston County.

V. LAURA (?? - ??)
V. LEILA M. (?? - ??)
V. BESSIE G. (?? - ??)
V. MAUDIE (?? - ??)

III. BENJAMIN BILLUPS GAYLE (1803 - 1851) was born ca. 1803 in South Carolina to John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle. About 1827 in Alabama Benjamin married widow ANNA MARIE JONES LANE ALEXANDER, the daughter of Edmund Lane.

Benjamin was named in several land transactions from 1834 through 1837 in Cahaba and Demopolis, Alabama. On 8/12/1834 he purchased 77.20 acres, on 4/4/1835 he purchased 5 acres, and on 4/8/1835 he made two purchases of .50 acres, all in the Cahaba District. On 4/12/1835 Billups and Anna Gayle sold to George W. Gayle a tract of land in Dallas County inherited by Anne from her father, Edmund Lane. On 3/30/1837 Benjamin acquired 640 acres in Demopolis District as assignee of David E. Moore and John T. Lomax and on the same date purchased another 160 acres in the same district. On 11/25/1837 Rufus W. Greening and wife Only A. Greening sold three lots in the town of Lexington, formerly Bogue Chitto, to Billips (sic) Gayle of Mobile.

Benjamin Billups Gayle and his family appear on the 1850 Census of Liberty County, Texas. At the time, he was 47 years old. Listed in his household are his wife, Anna A., age 42, born in Georgia; children, Caroline A., 16; and Billips E., 12. Also listed were James Wrigley, 28, NY; Anne G. Wrigley, 21, Ala; Lela J. Wrigley, 6 mos., Texas; and four boarders. Benjamin Billups Gayle died in Liberty County in 1851.

IV. ANNE E. (1829, Alabama - After 1880, Liberty Co., Texas) married James Wrigley ca. 1848, Liberty Co., Texas.
IV. CAROLINE A. (1833, Alabama - ??) married (Unknown) Bolling about 1857. She was living in Liberty Co., Texas in 1860.
IV. BILLUPS E. (1838, Alabama - ??) appeared on the 1850 census of Liberty County, Texas.
George and his family lived in Dallas County, Alabama, where his office and residence were located on the former grounds of the old state capitol on the southwest corner of Vine Street and Capitol Avenue. An attorney, George formed a partnership with his brother, William Whitehead Gayle, and David R. Bell. On 6/3/1841 the following notice appeared in the Selma Free Press. "The undersigned have formed a co-partnership in the practice of the law, under the firm of Gayle & Bell, in the several courts of the 2nd Judicial District, the Chancery Court at Cahaba, the Supreme Ct. of the State, and the Circuit Ct. of the U. Stages at Mobile. The office of David R. Bell and Wm. W. Gayle will be kept at Cahaba in the former offices of J. P. Saffold Esq. The office of G. W. Gayle at Selma is as heretofore. Signed: G. W. Gayle, David R. Bell, Wm. W. Gayle."

George Gayle was a Representative to the Alabama State Legislature from Dallas County from 1833-34 and 1845-46 and a U.S. Attorney in Alabama during the Van Buren administration. In 1838 he was nominated by Martin Van Buren to the United States Senate serving as Attorney of the United States for the southern district of Alabama. An ardent States Rights Democrat and Confederate patriot, Gayle was a frequent political editorialist in various Alabama newspapers. In January of 1845 he was appointed to the board of Trustees for the Dallas Male and Female Academy. He appears on the 1850 Dallas County Census as a lawyer, age 44, born in South Carolina. Listed in his household were his wife Joanna, 23, born in Massachusetts, and children Thomas K., 14; Margaret, 9; Alice, 5; and Sarah, 1. Also living with George and his family was his brother W. W. Gayle, 41, lawyer; and his cousin R. D. Gayle, 25, also a lawyer. William was still living in George and Joanna's household at the time of the 1860 census.

During the Civil War George served as a Private in Company G, 3rd Alabama Infantry, CSA, and also with Lee's Battery, Alabama Light Artillery, CSA. According to an article written in 1865 by his relative, Anna Gayle Fry, George often spoke at political meetings at Saltmarsh Hall and made "those old walls reverberate...with patriotic eloquence..." A passionate supporter of the Confederacy, George placed the following advertisement in the
Selma Dispatch on 12/1/1864. $1,000,000: Wanted - To Have Peace by the first of March. If the citizens of the Southern Confederacy will furnish me with the cash, or good security, for the sum of $l, 000.00, I will cause the lives of Abraham Lincoln, William H. Seward and Andrew Johnson to be taken by the 1st of March next. This will give us peace, and satisfy the world that cruel tyrants cannot live in a 'land of liberty'. If this is not accomplished, nothing will be claimed beyond the sum of $50,000. In advance, which is supposed to be necessary to reach and slaughter the three villains. I will give, myself, $1,000.00 toward this patriotic purpose. Everyone willing to contribute will address Box X, Cahawba, Alabama.

In June of 1865, following the appearance of the article, George was arrested for conspiracy in the assassination of President Lincoln. He claimed that the ad was a joke. On 7/10/1865 an article titled "The Story of Selma," by Walter M. Jackson, appeared in the Daily Selma Times. The author of that vile advertisement has been arrested, and this morning, he arrived in this city (Washington), having been brought from New Orleans in charge of Capt. Mehaffey of the lst United States Infantry. His name is Gayle, a lawyer, belonging in Cahaba, Alabama, ten miles from Selma. Gayle is a tall, raw-boned individual, coarse featured, well-bronzed with the Southern climate. He is dressed in light gray pants, butternut colored coat, over which is a linen garment, and wears a well battered, black stove-pipe hat. Mr. Gayle appears to be about 45 years of age, and his gray, hawk-like eyes, with strongly marked 'crows-feet' in their corners, which give him the appearance of a shrewd, cold-blooded rascal. He says it is his intention to secure the services of the Hon. Reverdy Johnson and Jas. T. Brady for his defense.

On 10/18/1865 The Montgomery Ledger ran a follow-up article. "Col. G. W. Gayle - We were pleased to see Col. Gayle, of Dallas County, in our city yesterday having just been released from prison at Fort Pulaski. He appears to be in wretched health, the mere shadow of his former self. Gayle was released for lack of evidence after several months at Fortress Monroe, and returned to Alabama proud and unrepentant."

In November of 1865 an article by Mrs. Anna Gayle Fry, daughter of Hon. Reese Gayle and a relative of Colonel George W. Gayle, related the following account. In the fall of 1865, after the crops were gathered and the cotton sold, the Confederate gray began to disappear. Our young men then had some money with which to indulge their gentlemanly tastes, and at a party given in November by Col. & Mrs. G. W. Gayle, the first ceremonious function after the surrender, we danced with gentlemen in citizens' clothes for the first time in four years. How strange and unnatural they appeared to us! How stiff and formal the white kid gloves and broadcloth suits! They did not seem at all themselves, and we now realized that our soldier boys had gone, never to return; and however much we might yearn for the brass buttons and the old gray jackets of the Confederacy, they were folded away, never to be worn again.

In a short while military rule was forced upon us. Our own old servants had to be hired through the Freedman's Bureau; but, still more bitter, we had to renew our allegiance to the United States and ask pardon for seceding and fighting against the government, while in our hearts we felt and knew we had done no wrong. We knew we had a right to secede and fight for those rights guaranteed to us by the Constitution of this same United States, but we had been overpowered and had to bend our necks to the yoke of the conqueror. In the first years of the Confederacy, at a banquet given in Cahaba, among the speeches made and toasts drunk was one by Col. George W. Gayle, 'Death and damnation to the whole Yankee nation,' followed by a reward of a million dollars for Abe Lincoln's head. An account of this entertainment and the speeches made on the occasion, brilliant and fired with Southern sentiment was published throughout the North. Colonel Gayle was denounced 'as a traitor, one of a family of secession agitators that ought to be exterminated.'

Noble, kind-hearted, generous, and impulsive, all acquainted with him knew that this ardent expression was only an outburst of Southern enthusiasm, with no thought that it would be taken seriously. But after Lincoln's assassination, to the consternation and grief of the entire community, he was arrested by Captain Cocheran, of the United States army, afterwards postmaster at Selma, carried north, and imprisoned with President Davis and Hon. C. C. Clay. Colonel Gayle had known President Johnson as a young man when he plied his trade as tailor. Each at that time recognized the natural intellectual superiority of the other, and time had not obliterated the memory of those early days. Now that Mr. Johnson was in power, he responded to the appeals of Colonel Gayle's friends and granted executive clemency, despite Herculean efforts of Stanton, Secretary of war, to have him condemned as accessory to the plot to murder Lincoln.

There was much pathos connected with those trying days, much silent tragedy, as well as romance and farce, out of which volumes might be written. It has been claimed that nothing is ever lost, no work spoken, but that reverberates through eternity, no event or action that is not indelibly impressed upon space. If this be true, when the great scroll of time unrolls, what a magnificent epic there will be of the South and her mighty effort for liberty and independence!
(Confederate Veteran Magazine, Vol. XXIV)

In 1870 the Dallas County census listed George W. Gayle, age 62, lawyer; his wife "Joe," born in Massachusetts, housekeeper; Alice, age 24; Sally, age 21; Mary, age 19; and Thomas Watson, age 22, a store clerk of Alabama. Five years later, on 4/16/1875, a notice in the Livingston Journal stated, Col. George W. Gayle, an old and prominent citizen of Dallas, died last Saturday. He was buried at Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Dallas County, Alabama. Also buried there were Mamie A. Gayle (1851 - 1876), wife of Columbus Gayle; Columbus Gayle (1885 - 1910); Columbus Jackson (1839 - 1935); Ellen Gunter (1858 - 1935), and members of another Gayle family.
III. GEORGE WASHINGTON GAYLE (1807 - 1875) was born to John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle in 1807 in Abbeville Dist., South Carolina. Around 1834 in Alabama he married (1) MARGARET KORNEGAY, niece of Senator William R. King, and had two children before her death about 1844. George then married (2) JOANNA GLEASON, who was born in Massachusetts and was about 20 years younger than George.

George acquired several tracts of land at Cahaba, Wilcox County, Alabama, between 1832 and 1838. On 8/8/1832 he purchased 158.75 acres in Cahaba and on 10/1/1835 acquired 121.8 acres and 81.2 acres, also in Cahaba. On 8/2/1837 he purchased two tracts, one of 165.25 acres and another of 153.25 acres with John A. English. On 7/28/1838 he acquired another 48.5 acres in Cahaba. On 4/1/1837 George and Margaret, then living in Mobile, sold property to Jesse Holmes. On 12/7/1837 they sold Lot 48 in the town of Cahaba to Isaac Campbell, described as the former residence of Edmund Lane, deceased. On 5/18/1838 George W. and wife Margaret T. Gayle, Billups and wife Anna A. Gayle, Jabez W. Heustis and wife Elizabeth S. Heustis, all of Mobile County, sold property to Matt Gayle of Dallas County.
Grave of George Gale, Selma, Alabama
IV. THOMAS KING (ca. 1835, Dallas Co., Alabama - ??, Cuba)
IV. MARGARET KING (ca. 1841, Dallas Co., Alabama - 1861, Dallas Co.; Will probated 10/5/1861 by HJF Coleman) married 7/7/1859 to Thomas C. Brown at St. Luke's Episcopal Church.

IV. ALICE (1846, Dallas Co., Alabama - ??) married Eugene C. Haygood before 11/10/1870 and lived in Texas.
IV. SARAH "SALLY" HEUSTIS (1849, Dallas Co., Alabama - ??) married Wilbur Brown and lived in Selma, Dallas County, Alabama.
IV. MARY ARTHUR (ca. 1851 - 1876, Dallas Co., Alabama) married Columbus Gayle, a cousin. Columbus appears on the 1870 census, living in Selma and working in a tin shop.

III. ANDREW JACKSON GAYLE (CA. 1820 - CA. 1890) sometimes referred to as Jack, was born ca. 1820 in Alabama to John Gayle and his wife, a Miss McFarland. He appeared in Dallas County on 5/14/1838 when he and his brother William W. Gayle sold property there to Matthew Gayle. On 7/31/1845 he married (1) ELLEN DeWOLFF in Mobile County, Alabama and had one child. Ellen Gayle died sometime after her first child was born and Andrew married (2) MALINDA E. GEORGE (1835 - ??) on 4/8/1852 in Mobile County, Alabama and had children.

In 1860 Andrew was listed on the census in Mobile County, Alabama as a steamboat pilot, age 37. His wife Malinda was listed as age 25 along with children born in Alabama including S. (Selsy or Celsus) age 12, M. (Mary) age 7, R. (Richard) age 5, E. (Ellen E.) age 3, and George, age 1. In 1870 Andrew is listed in Mobile County as Andrew Gale, 53, Pilot on River, Mary (Malinda), 35; Richard, 13; Mary, 16; Florence, 12; Elesie, 10; Lula, 7; Anna, 5; Cora, 3; and Ann Cordgame, 20, from Alabama. The family appeared again in 1880 as Andrew J. Gayle, 60, Steamboat Pilot; Malinda, 45; Mary, 26; Richard W., 24, grocer; Ella, 22, public school teacher; Florence, 18, at school; Loula, 15, at school; Anna, 13, at school; Cora, 11, at school; Andrew J., 9, at school; Lillie, 7, at school; Stewart, 4; Robert Beckham, 15, nephew, works in stables; Annie George, 35, sister-in-law, at home; and one servant.

Andrew died sometime before 1890 when Malinda appears on the census as his widow. At the time she was living with her son, Andrew J. Gayle, Jr., who appeared on the 1880 census as a householder. Listed with him were Robert Beckham, age 15, "nephew works in stables", Annie George, age 35, "sister-in-law", and one servant. In 1890 Andrew Jr. is listed in the Mobile City Directory as a partner in a dairy business with John E. Haynie. The business was listed as Haynie and Gayle. Malinda E. Gayle was listed at the same address. A Lodina Gayle, clerk, appears in this household in 1891. In 1892 Andrew, Jr. was listed in Mobile City as a "gardner" and his mother, Malinda, was living in his household.

IV. CELSUS O: (1848, Alabama - ??).

IV. MARY E. (1854 - ??) was listed as "at home", age 26 on 1880 census.
IV. RICHARD W. (1856 - ??) was listed as a grocer, age 24 on the 1880 census. In 1888 he was listed in the Alabama Directory as part of Mobile Plumbing Co., 1424 5th Avenue, Birmingham, and with J. Murphy, same company, 19th North E. Corner 3d Ave.
IV. ELLEN ELESIE (1858 - ??) was listed as "Ella", age 22, "Public School Teacher", on the 1880 census.
IV. GEORGE W. (ca. 1859 - ??) was not on 1880 census.
IV. FLORENCE (1862 - ??), age 18 on 1880 census
IV. LOULA (1865 - ??), age 15 on 1880 census
IV. ANNA (1869 - ??), age 13 on 1880 census
IV. ANDREW J. II (1871 - ??), age 9 on 1880 census; Listed in Mobile City Directory, 1890-92.
IV. LILLIE (1873 - ??), age 7 on 1880 census
IV. CORA (1869 - ??), age 11 on 1880 census
IV. STEWART (1876 - ??), age 4 on 1880 census


I. ANNA GAYLE (1715/17 - 1782), thought to have been the sister of Matthew and Josiah Gayle, was born ca. 1715-17 in Lunenburg County, Virginia and married Leonard Dozier (1710 - 1785) on 1/30/1732/3. They had ten children before Anna's death in 1782. On 10/15/1750 Leonard Dozier of Prince William County sold to Margaret Baker of Lunenburg 404 acres on the lower side of Tosekiah Creek patented to him on 6/5/1746. Witnesses were John Ingram [married to a Billups daughter] and Mark Thornton. The deed was recorded on 4/1/1751. (DB2/179) On 7/24/1764 Leonard purchased about 200 acres of land in Cumberland Parish, Lunenburg County from Sylvanus Walker of Lunenburg. The tract was bounded by Couches Creek and by lands owned by Duval, Briggs, and Edmunds. Witnesses were John Dozer and Mark Thornton. The deed was recorded on 8/9/1764. (Lunenburg, DB8/271)

II. JAMES INGO (9/2/1737, VA - 1807, KY)
II. SUSANNAH (11/16/1739 - 1782) married 12/18/1766 to Thomas Roberts
II. JOHN (12/2/1741, SC - 12/22/1807, SC) married 1771 to Elizabeth Giles; member of the SC Legislature
II. WILLIAM (3/16/1744-43 - 1797)
II. JEMIMA (5/22/1746,VA - ??, SC)
II. HANNAH KEZIAH (5/26/1749, VA - ??) married 12/21/1769 to William Crymes.
II. LEONARD WESLEY (6/29/1753, SC - ??)
II. ANN (6/6/1755, SC - ??)
II. RICHARD MARKS (8/13/1760, VA - 1832, SC) married on 9/9/1787 in Lunenburg Co. to Mary "Polly" Gayle, daughter of Matthew and Lucretia Billups Gayle. The will of Richard M. Dozier dated 1829 mentions children Lukey, Mary, Leonard, Richard, Billups, John, Ann Ramsay, and Jocie Gayle the latter being Joice Dozier Gayle who married Miles Gayle, a grandson of Josiah's.

I. MATTHEW GAYLE (CA. 1728 - 1787) was born ca. 1728 in Gloucester County, VA, to unknown parents. It is the theory of several researchers that he had a brother, Josiah, and a sister, Anne. Based on connections to the Billups family, he may have also been related to John Gayle who married Maria Billups. A Matthew Gale (sic) was living in Gloucester County on 9/27/1751 when he witnessed the trial of one William Chisolm, accused of the murder of Francis Jarvis in York County, Virginia. Present at the trial were Peyton Randolph, Esq., John Goodwin, Gent., Justices Thomas Reynolds, William Allen, John Wise, Christopher Billups, Matthew Gale and William Snow. Witnesses were examined and noted that the prisoner was not guilty and should be discharged. According to the Gale Files at the John D. Rockefeller Library in Williamsburg, VA, it is likely that the victim here was Francis Jarvis, born 8/19/1707, to John and Elizabeth Wilkinson Jarvis of Charles Parish, York County, VA. [Since Matthew Gayle of Gloucester and Spotsylvania left Gloucester around 1733, the above reference probably applied to this Matthew Gayle since members of both the Billups and Allen family appear in later records associated with the Gayles.]

On 5/3/1753 Matthew married LUCRETIA "LUKEY"/SUKEY BILLUPS (ca. 1730-35 - 1809) and had five known children. Lucretia was the daughter of JOSEPH BILLUPS SR. and Margaret Lilly Billups of Kingston Parish who were Matthew's neighbors. In 1747 a 160 acre patent to Thomas Hayes on the east side of East River beginning at James Callis' corner was adjacent to MATTHEW GAYLE, Alexander Cray, Henry Knight, to Poole's line, to Joseph Billups' corner. In 1767 Joseph Billups died in Lunenburg with no will or estate recorded. His son, Joseph Billups, Jr. (1723 - 1780), purchased 200 acres in Amelia County on 11/16/1750. [Probably the 200 acres on Flat Creek sold in 1753.] Joseph Jr. appeared on the tithable lists of Lunenburg County in 1751 and 1752 and from 1764 to 1769 owned 1,100 acres. He owned 700 acres on Dry Creek by patent dated 8/16/1756 and 450 acres on the same creek granted 5/1/1775. In 1772 he mortgaged 1,040 acres to Buchanan, Hastie & Company and the following year mortgaged all his personal property to Robert Donalds & Company. He continued to buy and sell land in Lunenburg into his later years.

In 1772 Joseph Billups Jr. left two slaves, HANNAH and SUKEY, in trust for his grandson, John Billups Ingram, son of John Ingram. [Joseph's son, Billups, had an un-named daughter who married John Ingram who appears in several transactions with Josiah, Matthew and Anne Gayle. ] In 1778 and 1779 he gave some of his property, including land and slaves ESSEX, VIXEN and TONY, to his son John. In 1782 Joseph Jr., a captain in the Lunenburg Militia during the Revolutionary War, paid taxes on one poll and 14 slaves in Lunenburg County. He appeared on the tithable lists through 1783. Appearing to be in debt, Joseph conveyed two tracts of land to his sons, 300 acres to Richard in 1793 and 360 acres to John in 1794. British mercantile claims reveal that Joseph moved to Nottoway County and conveyed all his property to John and Richard provided they agreed to pay his debts.

Kingston Parish records note that Matthew and his family were in Gloucester County on 11/1/1762 when he was refunded an overpayment of levies. In 1763 both Matthew and Josiah Gayle disappear from Kingston Parish and appear in Lunenburg County where Matthew, Christipher Billups, and Chris. Robinson witnessed a deed to Josiah for 240 acres of land on Dry Creek. On 6/10/1764 Matthew appears on Henry Blagrave's List of Tithes for Cumberland Parish, Lunenburg County, with seven tithes in his household and 312 acres of land. Richard Griffin is listed as his overseer. On 6/14/1764 Matthew filed suit against Christopher Billups for trespass but the case was dismissed by agreement of both parties. Also in 1764 Matthew filed suit in Lunenburg against one Joseph Freeman and in September of that year Henry Delony was appointed as assignee of Matthew Gayle, plaintiff, against Joseph Freeman and William Easley, defendants in debt. The attorney was Hutchins Burton.

Matthew encountered financial difficulties and on 10/10/1771 mortgaged all his personal property to Joseph Billups of Gloucester. The bill of sale, signed on 8/18/1771, stated that for £150 Matthew Gayle of Lunenburg County sold and delivered to Joseph Billups of Gloucester County, one Negro woman named SUE, two horses, all his cattle and hogs, four feather beds and furniture, and his crops of corn and tobacco until the year 1777. Witnesses were Francis Degraffenreidt, Joseph Owen, and Christopher Billups. Matthew appears on the Lunenburg County Tithe List from 1772 through 1787. In 1776 there were eight tithes listed in his household. On 3/18/1776 Matthew Gayle and Thomas Billups were indebted to John Billups as administrator of the Major Weston estate.

Land deeds and processioners returns for Lunenburg County show that the Gayle and Billups families lived within close proximity. Returns dated 3/14/1776 show that William DeGraffenriedt and John Ingram surveyed the property lines of Matthew Gayle in presence of Major Billups; Major Billups in presence of Matthew Gayle; and William DeGraffenriedt in presence of Francis Robertson, John Ingram, and John Elliott. On 11/6/1780 John Elliott of Amelia County sold approximately 400 acres in Lunenburg, bounded by Ingram, Billups, and Gayle, to John Ingram of Lunenburg. Witnesses were William Jennings, Richard Billups, and Hugh Brooks. The deed was recorded on 4/12/1781. On 1/1/1781 Matthew Gayle, Christopher Billups and Samuel Strong witnessed the sale of about 200 acres on Ledbetter Creek in Lunenburg County sold by John and Ann Godsey of Chesterfield County to William Cowan of Lunenburg. The property was adjacent to Christopher Billups and William Cowan and the deed was recorded on 7/8/1784.

On 2/28/1784 Matthew Gayle and wife "Lukey" and Matthew Gayle, Jr. and his wife Mary sold 312 acres in Lunenburg County to John Billups of Amelia County. The land was described as being on Ledbetter Creek and bounded by William DeGaffenreidt, John Ingram, Joseph Billups, William Pamplin and Christopher Billups. The deed was signed by Matthew Gayle and Matthew Gayle, Jr. and Lukey made her mark. Matthew Jr.'s wife Mary is mentioned in the deed, but did not sign it. Witnesses were Christopher Billups, Richard Mackie Dozier, John Patteson and John Chappel. The deed was recorded on 3/11/1784 and Lukey voluntarily relinquished her dower rights. A slave owner, Matthew appeared in 1787 on the Lunenburg County tithe list with nine tithes in his household. He died soon afterward.

SUE: Sold by Matthew Gayle to Joseph Billups, Sr. of Gloucester County, Va. on 8/18/1771):
Those below named in the will of Lucretia Billups Gayle, dated 1808 and bequeathed as follows, "to them & their heirs forever."
BIG JIM: Bequeathed to Matthew Gayle, Jr., then to his son Billups Gayle.
BOB: Bequeathed to Matthew Gayle, Jr., then to his son Matthew Gayle III.
NUT: Bequeathed to Matthew Gayle, Jr., then to his son John Gayle.
LITTLE JILL: Bequeathed to Matthew Gayle, Jr., then to his son Leaven.
(The 4 above mentioned were not to "go out of the family."
LITTLE JIM: Bequeathed to son John Gayle, then to his son John, Jr.
LITTLE SIMON: Bequeathed to son John Gayle, then to his son Matthew.
JINNY: Bequeathed to son John Gayle, then to his son Billups.
PAT: Bequeathed to daughter Polly Dozer, then to her daughter Lukey Dozer.
JACK: Bequeathed to son Christopher Gayle
JILL: Bequeathed to son Christopher Gayle
MOLLEY: Bequeathed to son Christopher Gayle
[Christopher was not married at the time Lucretia's will was written. She stipulated that if no children were born to him, his estate was to be equally divided between sons Matthew and John Gayle and their heirs. She also stipulated that "none of the young negroes as given above should be taken from (their Mother) or my son Christopher until they arrive to the age of fourteen years, and its particularly my desire that little Jill shall remain with my son Christopher Gayle so long as he lives and after his decease as bequeathed above."

Following Matthew's death, Lucretia went to live with her daughter Polly in South Carolina where she died. She left a will dated 9/15/1808 and recorded in Edgefield District, South Carolina, on 11/8/1809.
Oakwood Cemetery
WILLIAM D. GAYLE (1820 - ??) was living in East Feliciana Parish, LA in 1850. He married (1) LOUISA M. COBB, daughter of Nathaniel and Flora Fee Cobb, on 6/14/1853 in East Feliciana Parish. William married (2) AUGUSTA A. NEASOM about 1858 and had a son, Willie.

ROBERT A. (Aft. 1853 - ??) married Mollie Rowley and had children, Rowley D. (1800 - 1947), Lula Mae (1884 - ??) and Lonnie Dee (1885 - ??)
FRANCES (Aft. 1854 - ??)
SARAH (1855 - ??)
JAMES A. (1856, LA - ??) resided at Point Coupee Parish and was living in East Baton Rouge in 1860.
FLORA J. (1858, LA - ??)
WILLIE (Aft. 1858 - ??)
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IV. MATTHEW IV (1820 - 1/10/1875) unmarried.
IV. SARAH ANN (3/24/1825, Clairborne, Ala. - 11/27/1895) married William B. Crawford.
IV. AMELIA ROSS (6/1/1826, Greensboro, Alabama - 1/3/1913) married General Josiah Gorgas in December of 1853.
IV. RICHARD HAYNESWORTH (1832, Tuscaloosa, Ala. - 1873, New Orleans, La.) married Flora Levy, 11/27/1866. No children.
IV. ANNA MARIA (2/19/1835, Mobile, Ala. - 6/11/1879, New Orleans, La.) married Col. Thomas L. Bayne, C.S.A.
IV. RICHARD HAYNESWORTH GAYLE (1832 - 1873) was born in 1832 to John and Sarah Haynesworth Gayle. Richard was a lover of music and after the War he met and married FLORA LEY of New Orleans, an accomplished musician with a fine voice. They had no children.

Richard was appointed to Annapolis where he stayed for two years before returning to Mobile where he completed his education at Spring Hill College. He left to serve as a Midshipman in the U. S. Navy on 6/27/1863 and commanded the blockade runner Cornubia beginning on 7/22/186. He was captured in Wilmington, North Carolina, on 11/8/1863 and held prisoner at Fort Warren, near Boston. From 1/6/1864 to 6/2/1864 he served as a First Lieutenant in the Provisional Navy and commanded the blockade runner Stag. Captured on 1/9/1865, he was again held prisoner at Fort Warren but was exchanged in March of that year. He was never well after his imprisonment and died at age 41 in 1873 in New Orleans, leaving no children.

Richard Gayle was said to have been very handsome and his family was given a small oil painting of him done by a fellow prisoner. In a personal note from an article in the Confederate Veteran by Mrs. D.A.S. Vaught, New Orleans, LA, she stated, I believe that among the prisoners of Fort Warren shown in the October "VETERAN" is the figure of my mother's brother, Capt. Richard Haynesworth Gayle, third figure from the right in the lower picture - the gentleman with beard and soft hat. (Confederate Veteran, Vol. XVI) His mother wrote in her journal, Never was there a more noble, bold, forward child than Dick, never a fairer countenance, so open, cheerful, expressive and fearless - In truth he fears nothing, but breaks down opposition to his will by a storm of strength and temper that will in a second change to the gayest laugh…Dick has been quite ill - How often as he lay in my arms I would stoop to kiss his brow and yellow hair and wondered what the future held for this noble child. His eyes are blue and his temples go back like his father's, having the same quiet, bland expression.

II. JOHN GAYLE (ABT. 1769 - 1828) was born about 1769, to Matthew and Lucretia Billups Gayle. He was in Mecklenburg County, VA, on 8/24/1792 when Gayle & Billups of Mecklenburg County sold a 15 year old Negro woman named LEAH to Henry Lane for 95 pounds. The transaction was recorded in Wake County, North Carolina, and the witness was John Humphries. Humphries was named as an executor in the will of Thomas Williams, Sr., dated 9/4/1788 and probated on 3/20/1789, that also named his wife Elizabeth, and children Thomas Pool Williams, Christopher Williams, John Williams, Elizabeth Williams, Susannah Williams, Margaret or "Peggy" Williams and Sarah Beasley. The will also mentioned net proceeds of the Schooner Betsey's cargo and the "Rack brig Washington." Executors were sons Thomas Pool and Christopher Williams, and "friend John Humphries." Witnesses were Malachi Sawyer, Sarah Gale, and Sarah Cary. (NC, Currituck County, WB1, Will of Thomas Williams) On 1/17/1793 a Bill of Sale was recorded between John Gale and John Billups, in Wake County, North Carolina. On 5/7/1799 Joseph Smith, merchant of Cumberland County, sold land in Cumberland to John Gale (sic).

On 11/23/1793 John married (1) NANCY WHITEHEAD (1773 - Abt. 1810), daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Swepson Whitehead of Mecklenburg County. Nancy's brother, William Whitehead, married Elizabeth Harvin, daughter of John and Mary Gayle Harvin. According to the marriage bond John was living in Halifax County, VA, at the time of the wedding. John and Nancy moved to Sumter, SC, and settled on land purchased from Robert Singleton that was originally granted to General Thomas Sumter and Benjamin Mitchell. John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle had eight children.

In 1799 the General Assembly made provisions for a Courthouse to be built for Sumter District and stipulated that until a courthouse could be built court would be held at John Gayle's house, described as a small 1-story building with a piazza on the South side. Subsequently, the first courthouse in Sumterville was laid-out on a low-lying plot of land purchased from John Gayle between 1801 and 1804. The family appeared on the 1810 Census of Abbeville, SC, next door to Billups Gayle, son of Matthew and Mary Rees Gayle, as four males under 10, four males 10 to 16, two males 26 to 45, one male over 45, one female under 10, and 27 slaves.

Around 1802 John and Nancy moved to the Edgefield District of South Carolina where, on 11/26/1802, John and Billups Gayle, along with others, witnessed a land transaction between James Sanders Guignard of Columbia and Nathaniel Bolton for 212 acres on Mine Creek of the Saluda River. John's plantation was situated on the Little Saluda River and in August of 1805 one Bartlett Bledsoe and his wife Lydia sold to Loderick Hill a tract of 400 acres bordered by Francis Davis, the Meeting House, lines of Bledsoe, Loderick Hill, John Gayle, Thomas Lockett, Josiah Howell, Young Allen, and the Augusta Road. On 11/29/1805 John Gayle, planter, and his wife Nancy Gayle sold to William Jones of Sumter District, SC, for $2,000.00, 580 acres originally granted to Robert Starke on 6/2/1771. Reference was made to the land of Thomas Dozer on Penn Creek of the Saluda River, where John Gayle lived. Witnesses were William Lee and Ann Lee. Nancy Gayle, wife of John Gayle, relinquished dower rights before Justice William Nibbs and the deed was recorded on 8/31/1807.

After Nancy's death sometime around 1810 John and other family members, including Matthew Gayle, Jr. and William Whitehead, brother of John's wives Nancy and Mary, moved to south central Alabama just prior to the 1813 massacre at Ft. Mims. Both surnames are mentioned among the casualties. On 9/27/1811 John Gayle purchased a tract of land from John Randan in Mississippi Territory, Monroe County, later Baldwin County, Alabama, for $640.00 and 10/10/1815 he purchased another tract from Theophelus and Margaret Powell of Monroe County, Mississippi Territory, for $300.00. The land is described as, "Beginning on the mouth of Lawrence Creek, running up said creek with it's meander on the north side to the tract of land sold by John Randan to said John Gayle, there from said intersection of point North 26 degrees West to Weekley Mill Creek and runs said creek with it's meander to the Tensaw Lake, then down the margin of said lake to the beginning, including 644 acres, more or less, being the said courses and distances from the intersection point on Lawrence creek, mentioned in the Commissioner's Certificate; to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land, lying and being in the County of Baldwin, unto him the said John Gayle…" Witnesses were George Stiggins, Isaac Oaks, and Matthew Gayle, Jr. (Alabama, Baldwin Co., DBA/174-175)

John married as his second wife (UNKNOWN) McFARLAND (?? - 1823) and had a son, born in Alabama in 1820.

On 4/18/1820 Peter Randan, son and administrator of John Randan, deceased, conveyed his interest in the tract of land sold by John Randan in 1811 to John Gayle. Witnesses were John Newman and Matthew Gayle. John must have suffered financial difficulties since on 12/11/1821 a Sheriff's Sale was conducted to satisfy a judgment by John McDonald against John Gayle. At the time 200 acres of John's land, located on Lawrence Creek in Baldwin County, was sold to Cyrus Sibley as the highest bidder for $21.00 by Edmund Freeman, Sheriff of Baldwin County.

Following the death of John's second wife in 1823 he married (3) MARY WHITEHEAD GREENING, Nancy's sister and widow of Wade H. Greening of Sumter Dist., SC, who died in 1817. The couple had no known children. [It is interesting to note that Benjamin Whitehead sold three tracts of land, including a mill, on the south side of the Meherrin River in Mecklenburg County near Thomas Gayle of the four brothers of Kingston Parish. The tracts were 788 acres, 403 acres and 300 acres, respectively.]

Following John's marriage to Mary a Civil Suit in Dallas County, Alabama, named John Gayle, Sr. and his wife Mary regarding a note given by Wade H. and Mary Greening in 1820 prior to her marriage to John Gayle. In July of 1826 John and Mary filed a petition for allowance of a horse chair left to Mary by her former husband, John Greening, deceased. John Gayle died during the fall of 1828 in Wilcox County, Alabama. Administrators of his estate were his son, Matthew Gayle, and his son-in-law, Dr Jabez Heustis. On 10/28/1828, according to the Orphan's Court Records in Wilcox County, Alabama, Matthew Gayle and Jabez W. Heustis were ordered to give bond in the amount of $7,000.00 and John J. Greening, William T. Matthews, and George Christian gave security. The court also appointed appraisers Wiley Jones, Joshua Sloan, John Harewood, John Vinson, and William Hobbs, Jr. to appraise John's estate.

On 5/14/1831 Joseph Hall, Sheriff of Baldwin County, sold land owned by John Gayle by order of the Circuit Court of Dallas County, Alabama. The property was described as 1280 acres, more or less, in two tracts of 640 acres each, formerly known as the Proctor and Coleman tract, Baldwin County, Alabama. The highest bidder was Harlan Williamson who acquired the land for $255.00.

JACK: On 7/28/1803, the following notice appeared in the
Norfolk Herald. "Twenty Dollars Reward. RUNAWAY from the subscriber residing in Edgefield District South-Carolina, a Negro man named JACK, of a dark complexion; about 30 years old, and about 5 feet 10 inches high; a little knock-kneed, and stoops in his walk, with a very large beard. He eloped about the 25th of February last, was taken up near Hampton and committed to jail, where he remained nearly two months, when he was hired out, and ran off immediately. I suspect he is lurking about Hampton waiting a favorable opportunity to get to the northward, perhaps to Baltimore. I hereby forewarn all Masters of vessels and others from carrying him out of the state, and from harbouring or concealing him. The above reward will be paid on application to Mr. Swepson Whitehead, at Portsmouth, on delivery of the Negro, or securing him in jail so that I get him. JOHN GAYLE July 28." (Norfolk Herald, Willett and O'Connor, Norfolk, July 28, 1803)

III. JOHN (?? - ??) was named in will of his grandmother, Lucretia Gayle. He may have died young since he does not appear after the 1810 Abbeville County, SC census.
III. MATTHEW (2/17/l797, Sumter District, S.C. - 1/27/1867, buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Montgomery, Alabama) married Amarinth (Marinda) Lowndes Phillips (1813 - 1894, East Columbia, Brazoria Co., Texas) on 5/21/1829, by Ref. T. Alexander, Cahaba, Dallas County, Alabama.
III. BENJAMIN W. (Ca. 1799, SC - Prior to 1850, Alabama) married Ann Perkins, Wilcox Co., Alabama on 4/23/1828.
III. RICHARD WHITEHEAD (1801, Sumter Dist., SC - 1866, Houston Co., Texas) lived in Liberty Co. Texas in 1850. He married (l) 10/9/1823 to Martha Clark in Dallas Cty. Ala. and (2) ca. 1858 to Laura (Hanna A.) Long (1822 - ??) in Houston Co., Texas.
III. BILLUPS (ca. 1803, Sumter District, SC - 1851, Liberty Co., Texas) married Anna J. (Lane) Alexander ca. 1827-28.
III. ELIZABETH SWEPSON (ca. 1805 in SC - aft. 1870, Mobile, Ala.) married 11/3/1828. Dallas Co., Ala. to Dr. Jabez Wiggins Heustis (ca. 1784, St. John, New Brunswick - Physician, Surgeon, Author, Planter - 1841, Talladega Springs, Ala.); Children were James Fountain Heustis (11/15/1829 - ??), Jabez W. Heustis, Jr., and Celsus Heustis.
III. GEORGE WASHINGTON (1807, Abbeville, SC - 1875, Dallas Co., Alabama) married (1) Margaret Kornegay; (2) Joanna Gleason (1827 - ??) settled in the area of Crockett, Houston Co., Texas.
III. WILLIAM WHITEHEAD (ca. 1809, probably in Edgefield or Abbeville, SC - after 1850) was a lawyer in Dallas Co., Alabama. On 9/10/1832 he is listed in Alabama Land Records (Doc. #9646) for 77.34 acres in Cahaba District. On 5/14/1838 William W. and Andrew J. Gayle sold property to Matt Gayle. (DB F/345) In 1850 William, who was unmarried, was living in the household of his brother, George Washington Gayle. He died sometime after 1850.

III. ANDREW JACKSON (1810/l820 in Alabama - ??) married (1) Ellen DeWolff on 7/31/1845 in Mobile, Ala. and had one child, Celsus, before Ellen's death. He lived at Tuscaloosa and was on the Alabama Supreme Court in 1847. He later moved to Louisiana but returned to Alabama. In a letter written in 1846 he mentions son, Celsus Gayle. Andrew married (2) Malinda E. George (1835 - ??) on 4/8/1852 in Mobile Co., Alabama.

III. MATTHEW GAYLE (1797 - 1867) was born on 2/17/1797 in Sumter District, SC to John and Nancy Whitehead Gayle. He was living in Monroe County, Alabama in 1816. On 5/21/1829 he married AMARINTH (MARINDA) LOWNDES PHILLIPS (1813, Clarke County, Alabama - 1894, East Columbia, Brazoria County, Texas) in Cahaba, Dallas County, Alabama. Amarinth was the daughter of Joseph Phillips, Esq. and his wife Patsy Hall Phillips and the half-first cousin to Matthew, both having the same grandfather, but different grandmothers.

In 1830 Matthew appears on the census in Green County, Alabama. In 1850 he appears in Montgomery County as a clerk, age 50, born in South Carolina. His wife Amaranth is listed as age 37, born in Alabama. Their children, all born in Alabama, were Phillip, age 19; John, age 17; Fanny, age 12; Zeno, age 12; George W., age 8 and Mat, age 3. In 1860 Matthew is listed on the census as a retired planter, age 61, with Amarinth L., age 40; Zeno, age 22, bookkeeper; G. W., age 17; and Matthew L., age 12.

Matthew and Amarinth were named in several land transactions. On 12/9/1829 they sold 79.78 acres to Caleb Etheridge. (Wilcox Co, DB-B/112) On 2/18/1835 a Quit claim deed was recorded in Wilcox County between Matthew and Acenith (sic) and Rufus W. Greening. (Wilcox Co. DB E/294) On 3/10/1837 Matthew and Amerinth (sic) sold land in Wilcox to Joseph Babcock (Wilcox Co. DB E/417) and on 3/8/1838 Matt Gayle of Dallas County purchased property from Benjamin H. and Louisa K. Hogan of Mobile County. (Mobile Co. DB H/614) On 10/15/1844 Matt and Amarinth sold 579 acres, less ¼ acre graveyard, to Abner McMillan with tenements on Claiborne Road. (Mobile Co. DB K/370)

Matthew Gayle, Esquire served as Clerk of the Circuit Court of Dallas County. He died on 1/27/1867 and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Montgomery, Alabama.
Sometime before 1826 John Gayle built a home in Greensboro now known as the Gayle - Hobson - Tunstall House. It was the birthplace of his daughter, Amelia Gayle Gorgas, and later home to the Hobson - Tunstall Family. A historic marker in Greensboro commemorates the house.
Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama
III. LEVIN GAYLE (1787 - ??) was born to Matthew and Mary Rees Gayle in 1787. He married ANNE BREWER, daughter of George Sr. and Nancy Bird Brewer, and had children. Levin and other members of his family were all early residents of the Mississippi Territory and can be found in Washington, Mobile, and Baldwin County records from 1809 to 1820. Levin later resided in Washington County, Alabama. It was noted in the writings of Amelia Gayle Gorgas that Levin played the violin and that his brother John Gayle, later governor of South Carolina, played the flute.

IV. GEORGE B. (?? - ??)
IV. LEVIN, JR. (?? - ??)
IV. BILLUPS (?? - ??) married Nancy Lane
IV. ANNE (?? - ??) married Richard B. Owen

Levin W. Gayle Family