World Atlas
John Gale, by George Vertue
Map of Parishes in Barbados
Christ Church
St. John's Church Barbados
St. Philips Church Barbados
St. Michael's Cathredal, Bridgetown, Barbados
Map 1637
St. Peter's Church, Vere, built 1715 on the foundation of the original church
Black River Church, St. Elizabeth's Parish, Jamaica
Miss Susanna Gale, 1763-64
Home House, designed by Robert Adam
St. Andrew, Holborn, London
Upham House, Hampshire
Chapel, University of the West Indies,
The Gale/Gayle Families of the West Indies
The Caribbean (http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/carib.htm)
DURING THE 16th CENTURY King Charles II granted a charter to the Royal Adventurers, later called the Royal African Company, in order to expand the slave trade. Under its auspices ships sailed from Liverpool, Bristol and London to the West African coast, and these cities became primary trading centers for the transport of slaves and goods between England and her colonies. The vessels followed the "The Golden Triangle" or "The Triangular Triad," a triangular route between North America, the West Indies and ports in Africa.

Among the families of merchant mariners who sailed these waters were the Gales, who established plantations in America and the West Indies, often operating from home bases in England and employing family members to transact business and oversee trade. Individuals with the Gale surname were found on the Caribbean islands of ANTIGUA, BARBADOS, and JAMAICA, some remaining on the islands leaving descendants and others returning to England. These families included those of NATHANIEL GALE OF ANTIQUA, JOHN GALE (1637 - 1689-90) OF JAMAICA, EDWARD MORANT-GALE of Jamaica and Hampshire, England, and a number of families in Barbados. On 11/12/1734
Gentlemen's Magazine mentioned "Mr. Gale, a West India Merchant." It is not clear who this references.
NATHANIEL GALE OF ANTIGUA
ANTIGUA, first colonized in 1632, was part of the Leeward Islands that included St. Christopher [St. Kitts], Nevis, Anguilla, Montserrat, Barbuda, and for a time Barbados. The English government established vast plantations on these islands, first growing tobacco as the major crop, replaced by sugar around 1648 when Dutch refugees arrived from Brazil with knowledge of its cultivation. Indentured servants from England, Scotland and Ireland were enlisted as a labor force but were soon replaced by African slave labor, better able to function in the hot climate of the Caribbean. Much of the information on the Gales of Antigua is from Vere Langford Oliver's monumental work, The History of the Island of Antigua, One of the Leeward Caribbees in the West Indies, From the First Settlement in 1635 to the Present Time. Without his efforts, much of the history of the island would have been lost.

Antigua, with its six parishes, spanned a distance of about 20 miles across running east and west and about 17 miles across running north and south. Creeks and bays offered approximately 50 to 60 miles of coastline providing natural harbors but only three, English Harbour on the south, Parham on the north and St. John's on the west, were suitable for larger ships. The island itself "is surrounded on all sides, except the S., by islets, rocks, and shoals, which render the navigation along the coast dangerous and the entrance to the harbours intricate." (Oliver)
ONE OF THE EARLY MERCHANTS & PLANTATION OWNERS IN ANTIGUA WAS NATHANIEL GALE, described as a Nevis merchant of St. Paul's Parish, Antigua. Born to unknown parents, he was living at Falmouth in 1680 and left descendants who returned to England.
DESCENDANTS OF NATHANIEL GALE OF ANTIGUA
I. Nathaniel (Living 1695 - ??) m. (1) Unknown and (2) Anne Traveis
II. John (1680 - 1721) married (Unknown)
III. Robert (Living 1700) m. (Unknown) and had a son, John Gale.
IV. John (?? - ??) Gentleman of Houndsditch, Aldgate
II. Joseph (Living 1694) of Falmouth in Antigua 1709.
II. Nathaniel (Living 1706) married (Unknown) and had children
III. John (Living 1707)
III. Andrew (By 1705 - by 1746) m. (Unknown), 2 children
III. Desiderius (?? - By 1746) m. Martha Browne
III. Joseph (Living 1709)
III. Nathaniel (By 1700 - by 1746)
III. Mary (?? - By 1746)
III. Ann (?? - By 1746)
III. Esther (Minor in 1706 - Living 1746) m. William Hollyer/Hollier of Lewisham, Gent.
IV. George Augustus (?? - by 1746) Gentleman of Lewisham, Kent
IV. Sophia (?? - ??)
I. NATHANIEL GALE (LIVING 1695 - ??) OF LONDON & ST. PAUL'S ANTIGUA, born to unknown parents in England, married ANNE TRAVEIS, sister of Nevis merchant Richard Traveis, and owned property in Antigua in 1695. Nathaniel and Anne Traveis Gale had three known sons. In London the will of Obadiah Adney, Gent., dated 6/10/1689, was proved on 2/26/1691 by Nathaniel Gale of London, brazier. It mentioned Adney's estates in Wenlock, Kinton, and Alderton, co. Salop [abbreviation for Shropshire], mortgaged to John Cook of Chishull, Essex. Another will, that of Isiah Burgeois/Burges, Dr. of Physic (sic) of Antigua, now in the parish of Shoreditch, London, dated 4/21/1707 and proved 7/31/1707, named "good friend" Nathaniel Gale. Nathaniel was also mentioned in the will of Richard Traveis of Antigua and London, dated 3/5/1694-95 and proved 4/24/1695. Traveis also mentioned his widow Sarah and bequeathed to Nathaniel's sons, John, Joseph, and Nathaniel, 10,000 pounds each of muscavado sugar. As the husband of Richard's sister, Anne, Nathaniel received a life tenancy on Richard's island estate and after his widow's death was to receive all profits from Richard's real estate in Antigua with subsequent rights to Sarah's heirs. Nathaniel was also given £10 and a "guinea ring." Another ring was bequeathed to Anne Traveis. Overseers of Richard's will were Nathaniel Gale and Tho. Boteley. On 2/17/1696-97 Nathaniel signed a petition of merchants trading to Nevis. The date of his death is not known.

CHILDREN OF NATHANIEL & ANNE TRAVEIS GALE
II. JOHN (1680 - 1721), first son and heir, married an unknown woman and had a son and heir, Robert Gale. The family lived in London.
II. JOSEPH (living 1709) was living at Falmouth on Rendevous Bay where he was noted on 7/31/1707 on a list of persons "on whom the Soldiers are intended to be billeted." On March 13th of the same year, he was on a list of "Gentlemen, freeholders, planters, and traders praying that the Assembly may be called." (Oliver) On 1/10/1709 he was granted two tracts of land at Falmouth. It is not known whether he had a wife or children. In his father's will Joseph, "whom I have already paid several hundreds as well as his portion, and on account of his idle life," was left only £10.
II. NATHANIEL (living 1706) was an owner of Gale's, Falmouth, Antigua, and a citizen and brewer of London
II. JOHN/JOHANNES GALE (1679-80 - 1721) was born in London on 5/26/1680 to Nathaniel and Anne Traveis Gale. According to Chamber's Book of Days he was "descended from a respectable family." John married (UNKNOWN) and had at least one son, Robert. The family resided at Blackheath.

John's father sent him to Leyden University in Holland where he enrolled on 12/7/1697. He was an outstanding student, a scholar of Hebrew, Greek and Latin, and received a Master of Arts and a Ph.D. on 7/3/1699 at age 19. His thesis, entitled "De Ente, ejusque Conceptu" and accompanied by a testimonial by Adrian Reland, was published with a dedication to his father and two of his uncles, Sir John and Sir Joseph Wolfe. [Obviously a relative, Anne Wolfe of Bristol, widow, who was buried at Christ Church near her husband, left a will dated 12/18/1653. She named kinswoman, "sister Gale," cozen (sic) Marie Wolfe, the family of Francis Yeaman and overseers, "Cozens" Miles and Mathew Wolfe.] When John returned to England he was offered a doctor of divinity by Leiden University, but refused since he would not agree to their Puritan doctrine. On 4/6/1700 he appears in the London City Apprenticeship Abstracts apprenticed to his brother Nathaniel, Brewers' Company.

Though never ordained, John began preaching at Paul's Alley Barbican. Since he would not accept a regular position, he chose to travel from one Baptist congregation to another. He joined the Society for Promoting Primitive Christianity, "which met weekly at Mr. Whiston's house, in Cross-street, Hatton-Garden, for the purpose of seriously and amicably considering and examining the most ancient writers of the Christian church…" (
Biographia Leodiensis) He was associated with the Episcopalian Reverend Dr. William Wall who wrote "The History of Infant Baptism" and a series of letters on the subject were collected and published in 1711 as Reflections on Mr. Wall's History of Infant Baptism.

Two portraits were painted of Gale, one by Joseph Highmore that was later engraved by Vertue. They are in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London. In December of 1721 John Gale caught a fever and died at age 41. His widow was able to open a small coffee shop on Finch Lane, London, from money collected by Baptist Congregationalists.

John Gale, by George Vertue, 1726, after Joseph Highmore
Collection of the National Portrait Gallery, London
III. ROBERT GALE (Est. Early 1700s - ??) OF ANTIGUA was described as the eldest son and heir of John Gale. His mother is unknown. He married (UNKNOWN) and had a son John Gale, described as a gentleman of Houndsditch in Aldgate.

CHILD OF ROBERT & UNKNOWN GALE
IV. JOHN GALE (By 1700 - Living 1750) Gentleman of Houndsditch, Aldgate, cousin to Esther Hollier and cousin and heir of Mary Gale, daughter of Nathaniel Gale of Antigua. No wife or children were found for John Gale.

II. NATHANIEL GALE (LIVING 1706 - By 1745), CITIZEN & BREWER OF LONDON & ANTIGUA was born to Nathaniel and Anne Traveis Gale. He married MARY (UNKNOWN) and had children. Nathaniel owned 300 acres known as Gales in St. Paul's, Falmouth, Antigua, and members of his family, including his children, were identified in his will and in transactions involving his property. The London City Apprenticeships Abstracts for 1568 - 1850 named several apprentices assigned to Nathaniel as a member of the Brewers' Company including his sons Andrew on 1/14/1705 and Nathaniel on 4/6/1700. Other apprentices assigned to Nathaniel were Lewis Cockey on 4/6/1700, Joseph Emes on 5/7/1703 and Benjamin Goldsmith on 7/1/1709. Also apprenticed to Nathaniel was his brother John Gale on 4/6/1700.

Nathaniel wrote a will dated 3/27/1707 stipulating that his funeral not exceed £50. He left £10 to Thomas Chamberlain for the poor of the Baptist Congregation. His wife, Mary, received a third of his estate while another third was left to children John, Esther, Andrew, and Desiderius. The final third was to be divided among seven of his children, named as John, Esther, Andrew, Desiderius, Mary, Ann and Nathaniel. He left £10 to his son, Joseph, "whom I have already paid several hundreds as well as his portion, and on account of his idle life." Children Mary, Ann and Nathaniel were to receive £20. Nathaniel left £10 to his wife's daughter, Hannah Lilly, and £5 to her son, Thomas, when he reached the age of 21. He stated that, "A great part of my estate is in a plantation beyond the seas in the Island of Antegoa (sic) and two small freeholds in Middlesex and Barkshire. His son, John, was named as the sole executor and witnesses were John Miller, William Jackson and Joseph Emes. [John Gale pre-deceased Nathaniel].

In 1724 Nathaniel mortgaged his plantation,
Gales, to Richard Rigby of Antigua, Esq. for £2000 plus interest at 10%. Since that time Rigby was in possession of the property and received the rents from it. At Nathaniel's death he was seized "in fee of a tenement and certain plantations." Desiderius became the manager of his father's property but must have died soon after since o n 3/15/1745 administration of Nathaniel's estate was granted to Esther Gale Hollier, named as his only surviving child. It was noted that the testator was "late of St. Botolph's, Aldgate, but at Antiqua, deceased." In a transaction dated 11/16/1746 William Hollier/Hollyer of Lewisham, Gentleman, and wife Esther, Nathaniel's daughter, conveyed to James Gordon of St. James, Westminster, Esq. plantations in the estate of Nathaniel Gale, deceased containing 300 acres in Falmouth in the parish of St. Paul's, Antigua. Included in the transaction were Negroes, horses, mules, and other property. And on 11/17/1746 it was noted that Nathaniel Gale, late of London, citizen and brewer, deceased, had left his plantation of 300 acres to the care of Desiderius Gale, late of Antigua, deceased, the second son of Nathaniel.

On 1/14/1706 Nathaniel had become obligated to his daughter, Esther Gale Hollyer, in the sum of £1000 "for the payment of £500 on her attaining to 21, or on the day of her marriage, which should first happen…and whereas the said bond or some considerable part remains still unsatisfied… and whereas Esther Hollyer is the only surviving child of Nathaniel Gale…and as such claims title under his will to the equity of redemption of the plantation…..and to an estate of inheritance…and whereas James Gordon hath come to an agreement with William Hollyer and Esther for the absolute purchase of their interest…subject to the mortgage made by Desiderius Gale to Richard Rigby, so far as it is a charge…and also for the purchase of the said land for £676 in full payment…Now this Indenture witnesseth that in pursuance of the agreement and in consideration of £676…William Hollyer and Esther his wife grant and confirm to James Gordon in his actual session being…all those plantations, etc…" (Oliver)

Meanwhile, George Augustus Gale, grandson and heir of Nathaniel Gale, had entered into an agreement with James Gordon for the purchase of his interest in Nathaniel's estate for £224 sterling, noted as subject to the mortgage held by Richard Rigby, and had granted "…all that plantation, etc….and all right, title, and equity of redemption of George Augustus Gale…to the only use of James Gordon and his heirs for ever…" (Oliver) In addition, on 11/17/1746 Sophia Gale of Lewisham, "spinster," Nathaniel's granddaughter, conveyed to James Gordon plantations inherited from Nathaniel Gale.

On 5/9/1750 William and Esther Gale Hollier; John Gale of Houndsditch, Gentleman, late of Antigua [son of Robert Gale, cousin of Esther, and cousin and heir of Mary Gale]; and James Gordon conveyed to Henry Wilmot of Gray's Inn, Gentleman,"all that messuage in Falmouth Division in the parish of St. Paul's, Antigua, and all those plantations thereunto belonging, and containing 300 acres…..the Negro people or slaves, men, women, and children whereof Nathaniel Gale died seised (sic) and possessed…..for one whole year…" (Oliver)

On 5/10/1750 an indenture was recorded…between William Hollier and Esther his wife and John Gale, James Gordon, & Henry Wilmot…witnesseth that in consideration of £420 sterling paid by James Gordon…and of 5s by Henry Wilmot…William Hollier and Esther his wife and John Gale grant and confirm to Henry Wilmot, being a person nominated by James Gordon…and in the actual possession of Henry Wilmot now being…all that messuage…[land of Nathaniel Gale] in trust…to the only proper use and behoff (sic) of James Gordon and his heirs for ever…subject nevertheless to a mortgage of the said premises made by the said Desiderius Gale, son of Nathaniel Gale, deceased, to Richard Rigby, late of Antigua, Esq., deceased, for securing to him payment of £2000 and interest…and further witnessseth that William Hollier and Esther his wife and John Gale transfer to James Gordon all arrears of rent, etc. (Oliver)

CHILDREN OF NATHANIEL & UNKNOWN GALE
III. JOHN (Living 1707 - by 1746)
III. ANDREW (By 1705 - by 1746) married (Unknown) and had children George and Sophia.
III. DESIDERIUS (?? - by 1746), referred to as the second son of Nathaniel, married on 10/8/1725 at St. John's to Martha Browne, but no children were found.
III. NATHANIEL (?? - By 1746)
III. JOSEPH (?? - by 1746)
III. MARY (?? - by 1746) survived her siblings Andrew, Desiderius, Ann, and Nathaniel and made John Gale her heir.
III. ANN (?? - by 1746)
III. ESTHER (A minor in 1706 - living 1750) married to William Hollyer/Hollier of Lewisham, Gentleman, and named as the only surviving child of her parents in 1746.

III. ANDREW GALE (Bef. 1705 - By 1746) was born to Nathaniel Gale and an unknown wife. He married (UNKNOWN) and had two children. Andrew appears in the London City Apprenticeship Abstracts apprenticed to his father on 1/14/1705, Brewer's Company. Apparently Andrew carried on the family business as he also appears in the abstracts with apprentices Edward Jones assigned on 10/20/1711 and Thomas Rawson on 9/20/1715.

CHILDREN OF ANDREW & UNKNOWN GALE
IV. GEORGE AUGUSTUS (Living 1746) of Lewisham, Kent, Gentleman, was named as the grandson and heir of Nathaniel Gale, Sr. On 11/16/1746 he conveyed to James Gordon of St. James, Westminster, Esq. property in Falmouth in the parish of St. Paul's, Antigua, containing 300 acres, the estate of Nathaniel Gale, late of Antigua, deceased, grandfather of George Augustus Gale. Witnesses were James Clare and Robert Garden. In 1806 Sir James Willoughby Gordon, Bart. was named as the owner of
Gales, also known as Table Hill, in St. Paul's, Antigua. It is not known whether he had a wife or children.
IV. SOPHIA (?? - ??) of Lewisham, "spinster," conveyed her portion of her grandfather Nathaniel's property to James Gordon.

III. DESIDERIUS GALE (?? - by 1746), referred to as the second son of Nathaniel, married on 10/8/1725 at St. John's to MARTHA BROWNE, whose mother Elizabeth had married Isaac Royall on 6/3/1707 at St. John's Parish. The marriage of Desiderius and Martha was recorded in the parish register at St. John but no children were found. Desiderius later became the manager of Nathaniel's plantations but pre-deceased his father.
ANDREW GALE (Living 1679) was mentioned in Oliver's history as an apprentice in April of 1679. On 11/6/1679 Tickets Granted out of the Office of the Secretary's Office of Barbados for emigrants to Antigoa (sic) named one William Corbett in the Sloop Katherine commanded by Andrew Gall (sic). Andrew is also named as commander of the Katherine on 11/25/1679.
ANN GALE (Living 1785) was named in the will of John Scott, Book-keeper, dated 3/2/1783 and proved 11/28/1785. Scott leaves to his "Mother Ann Gale" a Negro woman. He also makes bequests to his aunts Frances Gale, Hester Gale and Elizabeth Earle.
FRANCIS GALE (LIVING 1718) was the father of John Gale, tinplate worker of Antigua.
HENRY EDWARD GALE (living 1804) was named in the will of Edward Jones, dated 10/18/1804 and proved on 10/3/1810, as "nephew Henry Edward Gale. Edward's wife was Ann Jones. Henry was also mentioned on Accounts of Slave Compensation Claims for the Colony of Antigua with four slaves on 11/9/1835.
JOHN GALE (LIVING 1718) TINPLATE WORKER OF ANTIGUA, was the son of Francis Gale and an unknown wife. John's wife was mentioned in a 1730's will as "Goddau. Susanna Gale, wife of John Gale, tinplate worker. Witnesses were William Heritage, John Gale, and James Swift. The will noted that the executrix was to be advised by her two uncles, Mr. Benjamin and Samuel Longuet. Also named were Mrs. Elizabeth Parker, wife of Mr. Robert Parker, clothier; Mr. Jas. Nicholas, master of the boarding school at Clapham; Mrs. Mary Fry; Mrs. Mary Knight; Mr. Fermor, apothecary of Epson; Rev. Mr. Murray; Mr. Benjamin Longuet; Mr. Samuel Lounget; Thomas Miler, formerly my coachman; Mrs. Rachel Gray; Mrs. Mary Gray; the poor of St. Katherine; and my late friend Mr. John Beaumont. It also mentioned nephew John Samuel Longuet; nephew Rowland Blackman; niece Anna Maria Longuet; sister Mary Blackman; nephews Thurston Blackman, Jacob Blackman, and John Samuel Longuet.
JOHN GALE ESQ. 5/21/1744: late of Antigua, widower, deceased, "adm' on 21 May to Tho. Gale, cousin-german (sic) and next of kin." (Oliver)
MARY GALE; 1733: Licensed to marry Bernard Orr, St. Pauls' Parish Register.
THOMAS GALE (Living 1733) was named as a witness to the will of Edward Byam, Esq. of St. John's, dated 11/11/1733 and recorded 11/24/1733. Other witnesses were Robert Arbuthnot and Robert McFarlane.
WILLIAM HENRY GALE (Living 1834-37) married MARGARET WENDELL and had children, WILLIAM HENRY (Bapt. 4/13/1834, St. Philip's Parish - ??), Garden Plantation, and Charlotte Leslie (Bapt. 5/21/1837 - ??), Retreat
WILLIAM GALE OF WARRINTON, CO. SOMERSET, ESQ. (Living 1718) was mentioned in the will of Robert Codrington "of the precinct of St. George's Cathedral, Bristoll, Gent," dated 2/11/1718 and proved by the widow Anne Codrington on 5/7/1619. The will made bequests to his daughters, including his seventh and last daughter Marye, of "£300 payable 1 year after the death of Margt. Gale, wife of Wm Gale of Warrinton, co. Som., Esq." (Oliver)
STRAYS IN ANTIGUA
GALE FAMILIES OF BARBADOS
Map of parishes in Barbados
(http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brbwgw/ParishMap.htm)
CHRIST CHURCH
(http://www.visitbarbados.org/Listing.aspx?lid=1766&catid=17)
CHRIST CHURCH PARISH:
ELIZABETH GALE (LIVING 1689) of Christ Church Parish is mentioned in the will of David Watt, Jr. dated 6/17/1689.
ELIZABETH GALE (LIVING 1751) of Christ Church Parish married John Farrell on 10/13/1751.
JOHN GALE (LIVING 1715) of Christ Church Parish witnessed the will of John Ufford, planter, dated 8/23/1715 and proved on 4/26/1720.
JOHN SINCLAIR GALE (LIVING 1854) of Christ Church Parish John Sinclair Gale was born in Barbados and married Ann Lewis Chase. Their son was Harry, aka Lewis, born in June of 1854 in Christ Church Parish. According to family tradition, Harry married Sarah Jane Nurse (1882) and went to British Guyana.
JOSEPH GALE (LIVING 1759) of Christ Church Parish married a woman named Rachel Gale. Their son William was baptized on 8/16/1759.
PRUDENCE GALE (LIVING 1658) of Christ Church Parish married Thomas Robinson on 7/14/1658.
WILLIAM GALE (LIVING 1774) of Christ Church Parish married a woman named Elizabeth and had a son, John, baptized on 4/20/1774.
WILLIAM THOMAS GALE (LIVING 1860) of Christ Church Parish married Margaret Ann Kinch and had at least one son, William Cuthbert Gale (ca. 1860 - ??), whose descendants settled in New York.
St. John's Church, Barbados, 1836, 5th church on site
(http://www.visitbarbados.org/Listing.aspx?lid=1769&catid=17)
St. Philip's Church, Barbados, 1836, 4th church on site
(http://www.visitbarbados.org/Listing.aspx?lid=520&catid=17)
St. Michael's Cathedral, Bridgetown, Barbados, 1786 on the site of an earlier church
(http://www.shipoffools.com/mystery/1999/100Mystery.html)
ST. PHILIPS PARISH:
ARIES GALE (LIVING 1725) of St. Philip's Parish married on 1/9/1725 to Mary Elliot. The birth of a daughter is recorded in the Parish register on 5/15/1727.
ELIZABETH (Baptized 4/13/1673, St. Philip's Parish - ??)
THOMAS GALE (LIVING 1723) of St. Philip's Parish married on 5/26/1723 to Miss Chatterly.
JOHN GALE (1637 - 1689-90)OF ENGLAND & JAMAICA
JAMAICA, discovered in 1494 by Christopher Columbus, became known as a stronghold for the pirates and privateers often dispatched to plunder Spanish galleons sailing in the Caribbean. The town of Port Royal became the headquarters for bands of these buccaneers until 1692 when it was destroyed by an earthquake. Spanish rule ended when the island was seized in 1655 by the British army under Oliver Cromwell, who colonized it by means of land grants and the importation of hundreds of prisoners taken in Royalist uprisings. Following Cromwell's colonization efforts, settlers began arriving from England, Scotland, Ireland and North America and from the neighboring islands, but many of them failed in their efforts to establish working plantations. Consequently, investors and planters were recruited in 1660 under the reign of King Charles II and by 1661 there were over 5,000 land patents. The population was listed in 1662 as 3,653 whites, including English and Portuguese Jews, and 552 Negroes, 150 of whom were estimated to be free.

By 1665 seven parishes had been established in Jamaica, namely St. Katherine's, St. John's, Port Royal, Clarendon, St. David's, St. Andrew's and St. Thomas. Other parishes were added over time, some created from existing parishes and some newly established. By 1770 these included the parishes of St. George, St. Mary, St. Ann, St. James, St. Elizabeth, Vere, St. Thomas-in-the-Vale, St. Dorothy, Kingston, Westmoreland, Hanover, Portland, and Trelawny. The predominant religion was Church of England, but Roman Catholic records date back to 1792 and are held in the archives of Holy Trinity Cathedral, Kingston. At the time most Catholics were either Spanish or French.

The population of the island rose and by 1673 there were 7,768 whites on the island and 9,504 blacks. In 1675 1,200 Brits arrived from Surinam after it was ceded to Holland and settled in what was called Surinam Quarters in St. Elizabeth, later a part of Westmoreland. In 1698 the total population numbered 47,365 with 40,000 listed as black. In 1703 the first Deficiency Law was passed requiring plantation owners to secure white settlers by maintaining a ratio of one white laborer to ten or twenty Negroes. Owners were assessed fines for failure to maintain the ratios but found it less expensive to pay the fines than to make up the deficiencies. In 1734 there were 7,644 whites and 86,546 slaves on the island and by 1744 whites numbered 9,640 and slaves 112,428. In 1768 the white population had risen to 17,000 and slaves to 166,914. By 1775 there was a decline in white population to 12,737, free colored were numbered at 4,093 and slaves had increased to 192,787.

The early plantation system was only moderately successful and as time progressed it became clear that land was under-utilized in the production of crops. Consequently, between the years of 1739 to 1760, 55,000 acres were forfeited to the crown as a penalty for not opening up to cultivation or for non-payment of quit-rent. In 1765 there were 132 landed proprietors in St. James Parish holding 106,352 acres. A large proportion was rocky and mountainous, holding little value and by 1780 less than half of the 4 million acres on the island had been patented,. Operating plantations were producing mainly sugar, indigo, rum, and coffee.

Much of Jamaica's history can be traced in the documentation of violent storms, earthquakes and fires. In 1670 the entire English fleet at the island, with the exception of one vessel, was driven ashore during a hurricane. In 1692 a monstrous quake destroyed the town of Port Royal. In 1712 and 1714 two severe hurricanes occurred, and during the latter several men-of-war were driven ashore. The Baptismal Register for Kingston Parish recorded "ye dreadful storm which happened on the 28th day of August 1722," and on 10/22/1726 another destroyed homes and about 50 vessels on the island. In October of 1744 Jamaica was hit with both a hurricane and an earthquake that destroyed the town of Savanna-la-Mar and damaged Kingston and Port Royal. Eight men-of-war and ninety-six merchant vessels were left foundered, stranded or
wrecked. On 10/2/1780 an unusually high tide swept in on Savanna-la-Mar and when it receded all of the buildings in a radius of about 30 to 40 miles were demolished. Hurricane force winds and an earthquake followed on October 3rd and buildings in the parishes of Westmoreland, Hanover, part of St. James and parts of St. Elizabeth were lost. Four more severe hurricanes struck on 8/1/1781, 7/30/1784, 8/27/1785 and 10/20/1786. Two earthquakes and a severe famine were also recorded during this time and ten years later on 8/2/1795, the settlement at Montego Bay was almost destroyed by fire, said to have been set by bands of French prisoners of war from St. Domingue. Another fire in 1808 almost destroyed the town of Falmouth.
DESCENDANTS OF VIII. JOHN/JONATHAN GALE
VIII. JOHN/JONATHAN (1637 - 1689-90) & MARY JACKSON GALE, 13 children
IX. HENRY (1666 - 1697) died unmarried
IX. JOHN (1668 - 1690) of Port Royal m. (Unknown)
X. JOHN (By 1655 - ??)
X. ANN (By 1700 - ??) m. John Prince
X. PRUDENCE (By 1700 - ??)
IX. MARY #1 (Born and died 1670)
IX. ISAAC (1672 - ??) m. 1695 (1) Mary Slinger (?? - 1698), (2) 1699 Jane Gallimore, (3) 1703 Anna Fox/Lewis. Children were born to all marriages
BY MARY:
X. MARY #1 (1696 - 1698)
X. JOHN (1697-1750) m. (1) Elizabeth Morant (1707 -1740-41) (2) Sarah Curtis (?? - 1773)
XI. JOHN (1724 - 1748, age 24) unmarried
XI. ISAAC (1725 - 1741)
XI. ELIZABETH (1727 - 1761) m. (1) Thomas Parsons, 1750; (2) Daniel McGilchrist.
XI. WILLIAM (1728 - 1784) m. Elizabeth Morant no children.
XI. MARY (1729 - ca. 1773) m. William Lewis.
XI. JONATHAN (1731 -1756) m. (1) Grace Pusey Gardner 1751. No children.
XI. GIBBONS (1732 - 1761) unmarried.
XI. SARAH (1733-34 - 1748)
XI. MARGERY (1735 - 1759) unmarried.
BY JANE:
X. JONATHAN (1700 - ca. 1750)
X. ISAAC (1702 - By 1750) m. 1724 Dorothy Orgill (1708 -1750)
XI. DOROTHY (1726 -??) m. William Foster
XI. ISAAC (1727 -1749)
XI. JONATHAN (1728 - 1739)
XI. JANE ISABELLA (1734 - ??) m. (1) John Fisher, (2) John Spooner
XI. JOHN (1735 -1758) no children
XI. KATHERINE (1738 - ??) m. Joseph Chaplin Hankey
BY ANNA:
X. MARY (1704 - Before 1780) m. (1) Mr.Warren, (2) Thomas Samms, (3) Francis Cooke
X. ODOARDO (1712 - died young)
X. NATHANIEL (1717 - 1718)
IX. MARY #2 (1673 - 1719) m. 1699 Jonathan Dickinson (1663 - Aft. 1722)
IX. JONATHON (1676 - 1727) m. 1699 Eleanor (?? - 1725)
X. ELEANOR (?? - buried 1759) m. 1727 Col. Robert Phillips (?? - 1763)
X. FRANCIS (?? - 1774) m. Susannah Hall of
Hyde Hall
XI. Susannah Hyde (?? - 1823) m. 1769 Captain Alan Gardner, R.N. (?? - 1809)
X. GEORGE (?? - ??), twin of James, m. (Unknown), children but names unknown
X. JAMES (?? - Buried 1746), twin of George, m. Elizabeth (Unknown)
XI. ELIZABETH (?? -1764) m. Bernard Senior 1753.
XI. ELEANOR (Bapt. 1741-42 - ??) m. 1742 to James Phillips, her first cousin.
XI. JAMES (?? - 1747) died young
X. HENRY (?? - By 1751) unmarried
X. ISAAC (?? - by 1754) No wife or children named in his will.
X. JACOB (?? - Died Young)
X. JONATHAN (?? - 1739-40) m. Gibbons Morant who m. (2) Peter Serjeant
XI. HENRY (1737 -1767) m. Elizabeth Williams, 1764
XII. WILLIAM (1769 - 1795)
XI. MARY (?? - died young)
XI. GIBBONS (?? - died young)
XI. ELEANOR (?? - ??) m. Francis Cooke. After Eleanor's death Francis Cooke married (2) Mary, daughter of Isaac Gale.
X. JOHN (?? - 1738) unmarried
X. JOSEPH #1 (?? - ??) died young.
X. JOSEPH #2 (?? - ??) died young.
X. MARY (?? - ??) m. Jonathan Gautier (?? - 1742-43)
X. WILLIAM (?? - by 1754) m. Alice (Unknown)
XI. WILLIAM (1736 - ??)
IX. ANNA (1679 -1690)
IX. GEORGE (1680 - 1689) died young
IX. JACOB (1682 - 1702) died young
IX. JOSEPH #1 (?? - died young)
IX. JOSEPH (1688 - 1717, London) died young
IX. SARAH (1684 - 1703) m. John Foster
IX. RUTH (1685 - 1733) m. Major Leonard Vassall
VIII. MAJOR JOHN/JONATHON GALE (1637 - 4/8/1689-90) OF ENGLAND & JAMAICA was the third son of Robert and Elizabeth Langdale Gale of Acomb Grange. [SEE JAMES GALE OF THRINTOFT] He was born in December of 1637 in Yorkshire. John Gale first arrived in Jamaica in 1655 but must have traveled back and forth since on 5/2/1660 a pass was issued to John Gale in London to join his father, Robert Gale, in Port Royal, Jamaica.

Robert was in Barbados in 1659 since on November 21st of that year Southampton merchant Robert Richbell appointed ROBERT GALE AND JEREMY EGGINGTON, merchants residing in BARBADOS, as attorneys to recover a share of the ship
Joseph and Mary of Southampton, sold by authority of William Sharp of Barbados to Richard Foard (sic) of London, merchant. Sir Richard Ford, mercer, served as Mayor of London in 1671 and in 1672 was a trustee and member of the New Royal African Company. His residence on Seething Lane in Southampton was near that of Samuel Pepys, a friend and relative by marriage to Thomas Gale (Bapt. 1635-36 - 1702), Robert's relative. Meanwhile, Robert was still in Barbados in 1665 when he was named as a merchant of St. Michael's, Barbados, in the will of Christopher Morris, his apprentice.

CAPTAIN JEREMIAH (JEREMY) EGGINTON/EGGINGTON came to BARBADOS where he owned property in Bridgetown known as
Eggington's Green. He had married Elizabeth Cotton (12/9/1637 - 6/31/1656) daughter of John Cotton, in Boston on 10/12/1655, but Elizabeth died a year later following childbirth. On 10/2/1659 Eggington and Robert Gale signed a financial obligation to Nathan Bowler, deceased, attested to on 10/13/1660 by one Gilbert Beavis of London, late purser on the ship Charles. Eggington resided in the parish of St. Michael's, Barbados and on 4/1/1661 was appointed as a vestryman for the parish with Lt. Col. Philip Bell, Mr. Nich. Ware, Lt. Henry Turpin, Mr. Roger Lovell, Mr. Wm. Paynter, Mr. Richard Geyton, Mr. Humphry Kentt, Capt. Robt. Collinson, Mr. John Crisp, Mr.Humph: Davenport, Capt. John Moody, Mr. Ralph Hassell, Major John Gregorie, Capt. Robt. Cullimore, and Captain Christopher Codrington. On 3/3/1671-72 records noted that Eggington's book-keeper was JOHN GALE, most probably Robert's son. Eggington died in Barbados and a memorial was inscribed at St. Michael's Cathedral that read in part, "The body of Capt. Jeremiah Egginton, Merchant Borne." The name of Capt. Jeremiah Eggington appeared in the burial register with the date 9/10/1693. [Also referred to as Capt. Egenton (sic) and possibly from Shropshire.]

John Gale married MARY JACKSON (12/24/1647 - 4/10/1710-11) and had children. The family settled in an area known as the Cashew in St. Elizabeth's Parish and John became a major in the militia. On 4/28/1673 he patented 533 acres in Savanna, St. Elizabeth's Parish, Westmoreland, along with other lands on the island. As a planter he owned several slaves. His will, written at age 51 and inscribed with his crest, was dated on 10/9/1689 and proved on 1/25/1690. Mary Jackson Gale died on 4/10/1711 and was buried in the garden at the Cashew with her husband and some of their children. It appears that John appointed Mary as Executrix in his will, although her name is not visible. He named sons John, Henry, Isaac, Jonathon, and Joseph, a minor according to his mother's will of 1711. The son John Gale had died by the time Mary Gale's will was written and son Henry wrote his will on 6/16/1697 so he must have died soon afterwards. Likewise, Jacob and Sarah do not appear in their mother's will and may also have predeceased her. [SEE JOHN & MARY'S WILLS BELOW]

PARTIAL LIST OF SLAVES OWNED BY JOHN & MARY GALE:
HERCULES, GRACE, JEFFRY, UN-NAMED NEGRO BOY, UN-NAMED NEGRO WOMAN

ARMS OF JOHN GALE:
"Azure, on a fess between 3 saltires or, 3 lion's heads erased, gules." CREST & MOTTO: Unknown. [John Gale's arms, inherited from his father, are a slight variation of the arms given to John Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England. They were included in the Visitation of Yorkshire in 1563.]

CHILDREN OF JOHN/JONATHAN AND MARY JACKSON GALE
IX. HENRY (10/30/1666 - 6/15/1697) died unmarried and without children at age 30 and bequeathed his estate to his relatives.
IX. JOHN (11/11/1668 - 4/8/1690) married (Unknown) and had children. He was buried in the garden at the Cashew.
IX. MARY #1 (Born and died 1670)
IX. ISAAC (1/16/1672, Cashew - ??) married at the Cashew on 6/7/1695 (1) Mary Slinger (?? - 7/11/1698), daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Slinger of Philpot Lane, London. They had two children prior to Mary's death. Isaac married (2) Jane Gallimore on 9/14/1699, (3) Anna Fox/Lewis on 11/24/1703 in Spanish Town at the house of Odoardo Lewis, Westmoreland. Other children were born to both marriages.
IX. MARY #2 (1/8/1673-74 - 1719, Philadelphia, PA) married in 1699 in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, to Jonathan Dickinson (1663 - Aft. 1722), son of Francis and Margaret Dickinson. His father raised a troop of horses in 1654 for Oliver Cromwell's Western Expedition, one of his uncles was court physician to King Charles II, and his grandfather was a clergyman of the Established Church of England. During the 1680s the Dickinson estate totaled about 10,000 acres in Jamaica, including two plantations about 50 miles from Kingston and Port Royal. Francis Dickinson was a member of the Jamaica Assembly in 1672, but was denied his seat the next year when he refused to take the assembly's oath of office due to his religious convictions.

When Jonathan Dickinson grew older he joined his father's mercantile business at Port Royal, which survived the 1692 earthquake and tidal wave that destroyed most of that city. He married Mary Gale and on 8/23/1696 left Jamaica with Mary and their first child, Jon Jr., who had been born five months earlier. They sailed on the ship Reformation bound for Philadelphia with a cargo worth about £1,500. The party was shipwrecked on the Florida coast and traveled some 230 miles through inhospitable Indian country reaching St. Augustine on November 15th. They then journeyed to Charleston, arriving the day after Christmas, and finally arrived in Philadelphia on 4/1/1697. Jonathon recorded the events in his journal which was published in Philadelphia three years later. A year after the publishing Jonathan settled in Philadelphia and continued making voyages to Jamaica and other colonies with the goal of expanding his trade in the so-called "Triangular Triad." From the West Indies he brought molasses, rum, sugar, spices, mahogany, and other tropical woods that he sold at a handsome profit. From Pennsylvania he exported flour, bread, deerskins, tobacco and any other Pennsylvania product he could market. Dickinson's will of 1722 named daughters Hannah and Mary, sons Joseph, John, Jonathan, and the latter's wife Hannah. It also named Barbara Wright, William Dellworth, and his brother Caleb Dickinson. Executors and Trustees in Pennsylvania were Isaac Norris, James Logan, and George Claypoole of Philadelphia, merchants, and executors in Jamaica were brothers-in-law Isaac and Jonathan Gale. Witnesses were Benjamin Vining, H. Graham, Hugh Cordry and Bartholomew Cordry.

IX. JONATHON (3/10/1676 - 4/21/1727, St. Elizabeth's) married Eleanor (?? - buried 10/16/1725, St. Elizabeth's) on 5/18/1699 at Vere and had children.
IX. ANNA (3/18/1678-79 - 7/13/1690) died at age 11and was buried in the garden at the Cashew.
IX. GEORGE (7/19/1680 - 11/7/1689) died at age 9 and was buried in the garden at the Cashew.
IX. JACOB (1/26/1681-82 - 11/27/1702, age 20) inherited 120 acres of land in Fullerswood from his father and about 600 acres of land adjoining Isaac Gale, Thomas Lynch, and others. He died without children on 11/27/1702, predeceasing his mother.
IX. SARAH (6/11/1684 - 2/3/1702-03) married John Foster and died at age 18.
IX. RUTH (9/30/1685, Jamaica - buried 3/14/1733, Boston, Suffolk, Mass.) married Major Leonard Vassall (6/10/1678, St. Elizabeth - 6/20/1737, Boston, Mass.) of the parish of St. Elizabeth, son of John Vassall and his wife Anna Lewis Vassall. His great-grandfather was John Vassall, the builder and owner of the Mayflower that sailed to America in 1620. Leonard Vassall was born in Jamaica but settled in Boston where he established an estate at Braintree. In Boston he was elected warden of Christ Church on 4/3/1727 and during the 1730s helped found Trinity Church. He and Ruth had 18 children, born between 1701 and 1729, most of whom died young. Ruth Gale Vassall died and Leonard married (2) Phoebe Penhallow. Leonard Vassall died on 6/20/1737 and left a will. (New England Historical and Genealogical Register: Jan 1871, p.41; and Jan. 1863, p. 60-61) Also of this family was Elizabeth Vassall, daughter of John Vassall, Esq. of Jamaica, who married William Foster, Esq., also of Jamaica. At her death William Foster married (2) Dorothy Gale, of Acomb near York and of Lucena, Jamaica, daughter of Colonel Isaac Gale.
IX. JOSEPH (?? - ??) #1 - Died young.
IX. JOSEPH (10/23/1688 - 1717, London) inherited 230 acres joining on the Cashew River from his father. Even though Joseph was a minor when his mother died in 1711, she appointed him sole executor of her estate and named her sons Isaac and Jonathan, along with her son-in-law Jonathan Dickinson, as trustees of her will and as guardians to Joseph. She bequeathed to him a one-third share, along with brothers Isaac and Jonathan, in the Negroes and stock owned by her. Following his mother's death Joseph went to London where he died in 1717.
WILL OF JOHN GALE OF THE PARISH OF ST. ELIZABETH, JAMAICA, 1689
(Jamaica Wills Volume 6, folio 111)
In the name of God Amen the nineth day of October in the first year of the reign of King William and Queen Mary Anno Dom 1689 I John Gale of the parish of Elizabeth, within the island above Eqà being sick and weak in body but of sound and perfect memory and understanding do make ordance and publick this to be my last will and testament hereby revoking all other wills by me family made my soul I comitt into the mercyfull hands of almighty God who gave me the same and by whom of his once and only grace I hope to be saved and recà into eternal rest through the death of Jesus Christ my Savior, and my body I comitt to the earth from whence it was taken to be decently buried at the descretion of my Executex hereafter named and as tending my Estate which God in mercy hath blessed me I deplore of the same my debts and funerale expences being first pd and discharged in an maner and forme following that is Esay
First all my land at the round hill by estamacon Six hundred acres together with all my land at the Figurares and well avance except two hundred acres to be hand out and disperced of as here after mentioned as also Negroe man named Hercules and Negro woman named Grace I give and bequeth to my son Henry Gale his heirs and asignes for ever

Item I give unto my son John Gale his heirs and asignes for ever the two hundred acres of land before excepted to be run out square on Sr Thomas Lynch and the land in compà of Esqà Favels and Captain Mathews together with the long _____ _____ plantacon therein and all my land in the Great Carhoe the land ____ platacon ____ and all my land belonging thereto joining on Black River and a Negro man named Jeffry

Item I give my Son Isaac Gale his heirs and asignes for ever two hundred and thirty acres of land at Point Pedra joining on George Woodard and John Paris Eighty acres of woodland lying between Francis Dickinson and Sta____ Bay three hundred acres of land at _____ joining with Thomas Lynch and John Wilmott and a Negroe boy

Item I give to my Son Jonathan Gale Six hundred Acres of land I bought of Richard Green and all the Savana land joining in the ____ of ______ in _________ and half my land at Point Pedro lying without the pasture and joining of the said pasture ________ his heirs and asignes for ever

Item I give my son Jacob Gale the hundred and twenty acres of land in Fullerwood joining on ____________________ and about Six hundred acres of land at G____ _____________ Isaac Gale and ________ Thomas Lynch __________________.

Item I give to my Son Joseph Gale two hundred thirty acres of land joining on the
Cashee? River ______________________________________

__________________of this my last will and testament and at her decease my sons Henry and John surviving Exedr whom I am constitute trustees to aid and …..assist my said Executrix desiring you all to see this my said last will and testament performed according to the express letter thereof which I declare my proper _______________ and meaning In Witness where of I the said John Gale hereunto sett my hand and seale the day and year first before menconed

John Gale (seal)

Signed Sealed and delivered In the presence of __________.
The words money and ____ _____ each of/in the tenth fourteenth _________ and thirty third lines of the ____ _____ _____ first interlined

J Turner

1689
John Saniton
Rand Richardson

By virtue of the will hereunto ___ I administered and ____ to John Turner and John
Santon who both swore ____ they say Maj John Gale ____ & Seale and hand _____ publick the will in the ____ as his last will and testament did _____ memory to the best of their ____ and ____ I being a Quaker _______________

_________________________________
25 day of Jan
1689/90
WILL OF MARY GALE OF JAMAICA (Jamaica Wills Volume 13, folio 50, 16th June 1711)
In the name of God amen I Mary Gale of the parish of St. Elizabeth Widow being weak in body but of sound mind and memory praised be given to Almighty God for the same Knowing the certainty of death and the uncertain times thereof do make and ordain this Instrument in Writing to be my last Will and Testament hereby revolking frustration and making void all former Wills & Testaments by me made first and cheifly I give my Soul to God hoping and firmly believing that at the general resurrection of the just I shall receive the same again with glory and honour my body I commit to the earth to be decently interred at the discretion of my Exers herinafter named my Worldly debts and funeral expences being first paid and discharged my temporal Estate which God of his great goodness hath blessed me with I give devise and bequeath as followeth.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my loving Son Isaac Gale One hundred pounds Current money out of the profits of my real Estate

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my loving Daughter Mary Dickinson One hundred pounds said money out of the profits of my real Estate

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my loving Daughter Ruth Vassall One hundred pounds said money out of the profits of my real Estate

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my son Jonathan Gale all my Land and Sheep at Carters Penn being the half part of the land and Sheep belonging to the said Pen also my Sheep excepting Ninety Yews and Ten Rams to make good Lymbes Lease) at Ruff Cistemneau Point Pedro To hold the same land and sheep unto my said son Jonathan Gale his heirs and Asigns forever

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my two Nieces Ann Jackson and Sarah Jackson One hundred pounds said money to wit to each and either of them fifty pounds to be paid when the shall __ally attain the Age of Twenty years

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Brother Jeremiah Jackson Two negros during his natural life to wit one Negro Man called Jeffry and a Negro Women called ______

Item I will devise and bequeath that what negroes and stock belonged to my late husband John Gale and given me by my said husband will and which I die posessed of be equally divided between by three sons Isaac Gale Jonathan Gale and Joseph Gale share and share alike their heirs and assigns for ever.

Item all the rest and residue of my whole Estate both real and personal in this Island of Jamaica to wit Lands Plantations Lands Negroes Goods and Chattels that I am now possessed of or that I shall hereto die interested in I give devise and bequeath unto my said Son Joseph Gale and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten but if my said son Joseph Gale should die without full issue then my said whole Estate last devised I give devise & bequeath unto my two Grandsons (Children of my son Jonathan Gale) to wit Henry Gale and Jacob Gale their Heirs and asigns forever Lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said Son Joseph Gale sole Exer of this my last will and Testament and my Sã sons Isaac and Jonathan Gale together with my said son in law Jonathan Dickinson Trustees of this my said Will and Guardians to my said son Joseph during his minority In Witness whereof I the said Mary Gale have hereunto set my hand and seal the fifteenth day of Febry One thousand Seven hundred & Ten

Mary Gale (seal)

Signed Sealed Published & Declared

In the presence and Signing of the words/also to each and every of my sd Two Nieces at the age afore said and their Heirs I give a Negro Girl, being written not very fair in the One and twentieth lines

Gaffers
Hollister
Jno Litchord Bennett

Memorand that on the 16th day of June 1711 then Personally appeared before me John Litchfield Bennett and made oath upon the Holy Evangelist that he was Present and did see Mary Gale the Testatrix wherein mentioned being then of sound mind and memory sign Seal publish and declare the within written Instrument to be her last will and Testament and that the same time ElizÃGaffers (since gone off this Island) and Richard Hollister (since died) were also present and together with him subscribed their Names as Witnesses to the same will presence of the same testament and further that he knows nothing of any will made since by the said Testatrix which may tend both disadvantage of the will within written.
IX. HENRY GALE (1666 - AFT. 6/16//1697), planter of Round Hill, St. Elizabeth's Parish, was born to John (1637 - 1689) and Mary Jackson Gale on 10/30/1666. He was unmarried. At his father's death ca. 1690 Henry inherited 600 acres "at the round hill," and all land at the Figurares except 200 acres. At his own death his estate included property known as Round Hill in the parish of St. Elizabeth; one parcel of 130 acres and another of 600 acres located "in a place called the Veldere," parish of St. Elizabeth; 300 acres purchased from Capt. John Vassal; and "the Pasture Land in the Parish of St. Elizabeth." Henry Gale wrote his will on 6/16/1697 and named his brothers Jonathan, Joseph, Jacob, and Isaac. His mother was appointed as executrix, followed at her death by his brothers Isaac and Jonathan. Kinsmen named included Mary, daughter of Henry's brother Isaac; Prudence Gale, daughter of John Gale of Port Royal; John Price and Anne his wife; John Gale the elder; John Gale the younger; and Uncle Jeremiah Jackson. Henry's estate included several Negro slaves who were named in his will.
THE WILL OF HENRY GALE, DATED 7/15/1697 (Jamaica Wills Volume 8, folio 139)
In the name of God Amen I Henry Gale of the Parish of St Elizabeth in the Isle afores planter being weake in body but of sound perfect and disposeinge minde memory and understandinge praised be Almighty God for the same doe made and ordaine this my last Will and Testamt in manner and forme followinge and first and principally I recomend my soule into the hands of Almighty God my maker hopeing and assuredly believeing and trusting through the merritorious death and passion of Christ Jesus my only Saviour and redeemer to be made partaker of Life Everlasting and my body to the earth from whence it Came to be decently interred at the discretion o my Exec hereafter named and as for such worldly estate as well of Lands and goods as it pleased Almighty God to lend me in this life I give devise bequeath and dispose thereof as followeth and first my will is that all such Just Debts that low to any pson or pson be paid and discharged Inp I give devise and bequeath unto my ever hond mother Mary Gale my Negro Woman named Great Franke and her Peckaniney To hold to her from and imediately after my decease her heirs and assignes for ever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my brother Isaac my Negro man named Cirjar? To hold to him from and imediately after my decease his heires and assignes for ever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my brother Jonathan my Negro boy named Hereford To hold to him from and imediately after my decease his heirs and assignes for ever and my best Saddle pistoles and furniture and my best Sword.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my brother Jacob Gale the best of my negroes boys that are twinns at his Choice and Elecon To hold to him from and imediately after my decease his heirs and assignes for ever and my other Sword and pistolls and Saddle and furniture of the Value of five pounds.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto My brother Joseph Gale the other twinn negroe boy To hold to him from and imediately after my decease his heires and assignes for ever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto Prudence Gale as Daughter of John Gale of Port Royall the sume of Fifty pounds Currt Money of Jam to be paid to her out of the first money that shal be raised after my decease out of my Estate.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Sister Mary the Wife of Jonathan Dickison the sume of one hundred pounds Currt money of Jam afores to be paid to her out of the money that shall be raised out of my Estate neset after the Legacy of the s Prudence Gale is paid.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Sister Sarah a neg Girle the Daughter of Jenny To hold to her from and immediately after my decease her heires and assignes Forever and the Sume of Fifty pounds Currt money of Jam..................missing lines..................................black Male? To hold to her from and imediately after my decease her heirs and assignes for ever And the Sum of Fifty pounds Currt money of Jam to be paid to her so soon after the Legacies by me alone bequeathed are paid and as the sume can be raised out of my Estate.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto Mary the daughter of My Brother Isaac Gale the peckaniny of my negroe Girle named Jenne be the same Male of female To hold to her from and imediately after my decease her heirs and assignes for ever. Item I give devise and bequeath unto Capt. John Price of Port Royall my Greate Roan horse called flect To be delivered to him imediately after my decease.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Kinsmen John Gale the Eld John Gale the younger the said John Price and Anne his Wife and Prudence Gale to and each of them a mourning ring.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Uncle Jeremiah Jackson and to each of his Children a breeding hefer to be delivered unto them imediately after my decease.

Item I give devise bequeath unto my Brother Jonathan Gale and Joseph Gale all the pcell of Land that I am nowsettled upon at Round Hill in the pish of St Elizabeth afores with all houses Edifices and buildings theron with the appurtences to be Equally divided between them when my s.. Brother Joseph attaine to the age of one and twenty years to hold to them and the Survivor of them their heirs and assignes for ever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto my Brother Jacob on hundred and thirty acres of Land in one runn and all my part and proporcon of Six hundred Acres of Land more Scituated in a place called the Veldere in the pÃish of Ste Elizabeth aforesà with the appurtences To hold to him his heires and assignes for ever Item I give devise and bequeath unto my sà Brother Joseph Gale all the parcell of sà containing by Estemacon three hundred Acres which I lately purchased of Capt John Vassal with the appurtence to hold to him his heirs and asignes for ever.

Item I give devise and bequeath unto all my sà brothers in Generall all my share of the Pasture Land in the Parish of St Elizabeth afores To hold to them their heirs and assignes for ever to be equally divided amongà them.

Item I give devise and bequeath all the rest residue and remaindà of my reall and personal estate and not herein before by one bequeathes to my Mother Mary Gale To hold to her for and during the Terme of her Natural life and after her decease then I give devise and bequeath the same unto my sà Brothers To hold to them their heirs and assignes for ever to be equally divided amongst them And Lastly I doe hereby revoake and make Void all other and former Wills by me made and doe nominate ordaine constitute and appoint my sà Mother Mary Gale to be Execà of this my last Will and Testamà during the time of her Naturall life and after her decease then my brother Isaac Gale and Jonathan Gale to be Exeà of this my sà last Will and Testamt In Wittnesse whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal this sixteenth day of June anno Dom 1697.

Henry Gale (seal)
WILL OF JOHN GALE, CARPENTER OF JAMAICA (Jamaica Wills Volume 9, folio 131, Mar 25 1700-01)
In the Name of God Amen I, John Gale of Port Royal in the Island of Jamaica Carpenter being weak in Body but of perfect and sound mind and memory Praised be Almighty God therefore and calling to mind the certainty of Death and the uncertainty of the time of our departure out of this mortal life do make this my last will and Testament in manner following First I recomend my soul unto Almighty God and my body to a decent buryal in Expectacon of a Joyful resurrection thro the merits of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ to whom with the Holy Spirit be all Honour and Glory for ever amen also I will that all such debts as I shall happen to owe at the time of my decease be well and truly paid and ____ ____ and my funeral Expanses I leave to the discuscian of my Executors here after named Also I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Daughter Ann Price the wife of Mr John Price of Port Royal mercht. Two mesuages and two store houses with their appentinances on Port Royal afores and Butting and Bounding on Broad Street now in the possession of Mr William Jasper Richard Moore & Peter Norman Mercht To have and to hold the said two mesuges and two storehouses with there appartenances unto my said Daughter Ann Price her heirs and asigns for ever also I give and bequeath unto my son in Law John Price and my Daughter Ann Price and their asignes the use and posesion of my house wherein they now live and to the shop there unto belonging and joining to York Street for six years from the time of my Decease paying therefore during the two first years thereof the rent as the same by lease & reserved for the use of my grand daughter Ann Price their Daughter which…rent of Two years.

I give unto my said Grand Daughter Ann Price to be put out and Improved for her use as the same Rallprow? dur by any Executrs hereafter named until she shall attain to her age of Twenty one years or marry which shall first happen The other four years rent due of the said six years in the same House and shop I will my said son in Law & my said Daughter John and Ann Price and their asignes shall enjoy rent per the remainder of the said House and shop last mencioned with the appartenances I give and bequeath with my well beloved son John Gale his heirs and asignes for ever Also I give unto my said Daughter Ann Price & her heirs for ever all the negroes now in the posession of my said son in Law and my Daughter John and Ann Price or in the possession of either of them Also I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Daughter Prudence Gale the sum of One thousand Pounds of Currt money of Jamaica to be paid out of moneys now due to me upon Bonds Bills and other specialties and to be continued out at interest otherwise disposed of by my executors hereafter named according to their Discreacon for the best benefit and advantage of my said Daughter Prudence until her age of twenty one years or day of marriage which shall first happen allowing her out of the same a sufficient compelincy for her maintainance in the meantime also I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Prudence the one half of all my Household Plate both silver and Pewter and convenient furniture for a Bed Chamber to be delivered her within two months after my Decease also I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Prudence the sum of one hundred pounds of Currt money of Jamaica if the will accept of the same at her age of twenty one years or the day of marriage which shall first happen in Lieu of her Cattle at my Pen at Point Pedro in the parish of St Elizabeth the like sum of one hundred pounds of Currt money of Jamaica I give and Bequeath unto my said daughter Ann Price if the will accept of the same in Lieu of her Cattle upon my said son and if my said daughter Prudence shall happen to Die before she shall attain her age of twenty one years or marry then I will that the portion or legacy hereby given unto her be equally divided between my son John Gale and unto my Daughter Ann Price also I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Prudence the sum of Twenty Pounds of Curt money of Jamaica yearly to be paid her towards her maintainance from the time of my decease until she shall first happen out of the real Estate herein after given to my son John Gale and his heirs also I give and bequeath unto my said Daughter Prudence and her heirs forever a negro man named Adam a Negro woman named Venus a negro mulatto named Sarah also I will that my said daughter Prudence shall have and enjoy the house wherein I now live in Port Royall and the Cooke room there with used which I have lately bought altho a Title there of is not yet conveyed to me until she shall attain her age of Twenty one years and when she shall attain to her Twenty on years.

John Gale (seal)

I give and bequeath the said house and Cookroom last menconed unto her my said daughter Prudence and her heirs and asignes forever But if my Daughter Prudence shall happen to dye before she shall attain to her age of Twenty one years without heirs of her body lawfully to be begotten then I give and bequeath the same unto my said son John Gale and my Daughter Ann Price and their heirs forever also I will that the Negros & mullatta before given to my daughter Prudence be delivered unto her immediately after my decease also I give unto Thomas Philpott son of John Philpot late of Port Royal the Tenements on Port Royal wherein his father formerly lived which belong to me as administrator of the goods & Chattles of his father during the Residue of the Term in the Lease thereof it the said Thomas Philpott shall so long live and if he shall happen to dye before the expiracon of the said Term I give the residue thereof unto my said son John Gale and his asigns and I do aquit and Release the said Thomas Philpott and his Executrs and adm from all sum and sums of money due to me for building and repairing the same and for all other matters what so ever also I do give unto my beloved son John Gale and his asignes all my shop goods boards ____ and Lumber and the other half of all my Plate silver and Pewter The House on Port Royal leased of Emanuell Rogers and three Tenements on Port Royal Leased of the widow Bennett during the remainder of the respective Termes Also I give and bequeath unto my son John Gale and his heirs forever my two houses and a storehouse newly built on Port Royal with their appartenances adjoining to the Harbour and one tenement with the appartenaces on Cannon Street adjoining to the House where in Charles Knight now liveth one other tenement therein the posesion of Mr Charles Kent with their appartenances my Penn and Cattle thereto belonging on Point Pedro aforesaid and Nine Negro men and one negro women and all other my mesuages Land Tenements and Negros and all other my Estate Real and personal not herein before given or bequeathed with the appurtenances To have and to hold the mesuages Land Tenements and Negros Real and Personal Estate last menconed unto my said son John Gale his heirs and asigns for ever and I do hereby nominate and appoint my said son John Gale and my said son in Law John Price to be Executrs of this my last will and Testament and do appoint them guardians of my said daughter Prudence Gale until she shall attain to her age of Twenty one years or marry which shall first happen not doubting the Trust I have imposed in my Ex or their Brotherly love and affection to each other or to my Daughter Prudence who I have left to their Care In Testemony wherof And Confirmacon of my last will and Testament I have to this my last will & Testament in Two sheets of paper set my hand and seal to each side of them the eleventh day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand and Six hundred ninety & five.

John Gale (seal)
Signed Sealed Published and declared by the said John Gale to be his last will & testam
the words Venus & Thomas in places being first interlined in the presence of
Charles Knight }

Jn Childermus }

Smith }

Thomas Barrow }

_____ That on the twenty fifth day of March1700 appeared before me the Hon Charles Knight & made oath upon the Holy Evangelists that he was present & saw John Gale being of sound mind and memory sign seal publish and declare the above Testement conteyned in two sheets of paper to be his last will and Testament

Wm Beeston
AN INVENTORY OF THE ESTATE of John Gale, Sr. of Port Royal was presented by his executors, John Gale Jr. and Captain John Price, on 4/5/1700. It included and extensive list of carpentry hardware and equipment including "32 best London handsaws. It also listed a ream of writing paper, old books, a large Bible, a sea compass, "Draught of the City Bath," a gun and "Silver hilted Sword," and 147 fishing lines. Items of furniture included a couch, a Spanish chest, 7 beds, furniture "wrought with Crewell," an old chest of drawers, "1 Table stands looking glass and dressing," a dozen leather chairs, 1 small old bed and bolster, "1 Japan chest of Drawers ordinary," 1 old table, and 6 Caine (sic) chairs. Clothing included "6 belts sticht with silver and gold, 2 Ditto with silver buckles," and 14 Negro Frocks. Linens included "1 Suite new Muslin Curtains," and "1 Pair Fine holland sheets." Also listed were a coach and eleven horses, an invoice of goods on the ship Catherine, "Capt Thoms Lyell CommA;" and "Money in the House." A number of slaves were also listed, namely "one Negro Man named Harry being sick with the Gaiss (sic) not Valuable, one Ditto named Sampson, one old Woman named Grace, one Negro man named Tony, one ditto named Primus, one old Negro man named King, one Ditto named Mingo, one woman named Morca, and one boy named Hanrosda." (Jamaica Public Archives; Port Royal Probate Inventories, Vol. 5, folio 39)

PARTIAL LIST OF SLAVES OWNED BY JOHN GALE
Negro men: HARRY, SAMPSON, TONY, PRIMUS
Negro women: GRACE, MORCA
Old Negro men: KING, MINGUS
Negro boy: HANROSDA

IX. ISAAC GALE (1672 -??) of the Cashew was born on 1/16/1672 to John and Mary Jackson Gale. On 6/7/1695 Isaac married (1) MARY SLINGER (?? - 7/11/1698), daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Slinger of Philpot Lane, London, and had two children. Mary Gale died on 7/11/1698 and was buried in the garden at the Cashew. Afterwards Isaac married (2) JANE GALLIMORE (1/12/1681-82 - 8/28/1702), daughter of William Gallimore of the parish of St. Catherine, on 9/14/1699 at Spanish Town. Isaac and Jane Gale had two children. Jane Gallimore Gale died on 8/28/1702, soon after the birth of her son Isaac, and was buried in the garden at the Cashew. On 11/24/1703 at Spanish Town Isaac married (3) ANNA LEWIS FOX (4/21/1684, Westmoreland - ??), a widow and the daughter of Odoardo Lewis of the parish of Westmoreland. The ceremony took place at the home of Anna's father in Westmoreland. Isaac and Anna had three known children.

At his father's death Isaac inherited 230 acres at Point Pedra- joining George Woodard and John Paris, 80 acres of woodland between Francis Dickinson and Sta____ Bay, 300 acres of land joining Thomas Lynch and John Wilmott and an UN-NAMED NEGRO BOY. In total he owned 3,946 acres in the parish of St. Mary, 1,700 acres in the parish of Westmoreland and 6,192 acres in the parish of St. Elizabeth in 1754.

Land transactions for Isaac, Mary & Jonathan Gale can be found in the deed books listed below:
JAMAICA DEEDS:
Volume 25, 1694: Isaac Gale from Turner, page 211
Volume 27, 1696: Isaac Gale from Davis,
Volume 27, 1696: Isaac Gale from Russell, page 134; Isaac Gale from Dobbins, page 314
Volume 31, 1699: Isaac Gale from Blake, page 32; Isaac Gale from? Gale, page 195; Isaac Gale from Wilson,?; Isaac Gale from??
Volume 33, 1701: Isaac Gale from Smith, page 168; Mary Gale from Isaac Gale, page 244
Volume 34, 1702: Isaac Gale from Hughes, page 63;
Volume 35, 1702: Isaac Gale from Curl, page 34; Jonathan Gale from Isaac Gale, page 107
Volume 37, 1704; Isaac Gale from Vassall, page 415; Isaac Gale from Vassall, page 417
Volume 38, 1705: Isaac Gale from Vassall, page 28; Isaac Gale from Vassall, page 38
Volume 39, 1706: Isaac Gale from Jonathan Gale, 199

CHILDREN OF ISAAC & (1) MARY SLINGER GALE
X. MARY #1 (4/17/1696, Cashew - 7/17/1698) mentioned in her uncle Henry's will in 1697.
X. JOHN (1/23/1697-98, Cashew - 2/27/1749-50) married (1) Elizabeth Morant (11/25/1707 - 1/10/1740-41), daughter of John Morant the elder of Withywood, on 7/3/1723. He married (2) on 11/24/1742 at the house of Samuel Dicker, Sarah (?? - 1773), daughter of Daniel Curtis of the parish of St. Thomas. Buried at Vere.
CHILDREN OF ISAAC & (2) JANE GALLIMORE GALE
X. JONATHAN (7/10/1700, Spanish Town - ca. 1750) merchant of London.
X. ISAAC (4/8/1702, Lacovia, St. Elizabeth - Between 1746 and 1750) of Luana, Member of the Council, Member of the Assembly, St. Elizabeth's in 1727. In 1724 married Dorothy Orgill (12/25/1708 - 5/8/1750), eldest daughter of Andrew Orgill of Nonsuch, Trinity and Unity in the parish of St. Mary, Jamaica. Isaac's will date 3/1/1746-47 and proved 8/1/1750. Dorothy's will dated 5/7/1750 and proved 8/1/1750. Buried at Luana having had children.
CHILDREN OF ISAAC & (3) ANNA LEWIS FOX GALE
X. MARY (12/29/1704, Westmoreland - Before 1780) married (1) Mr. Warren, (2) Thomas Samms, (3) Francis Cooke, member of the Council who survived her and was living in 1780.
X. ODOARDO (10/20/1712, Westmoreland - died young)
X. NATHANIEL (8/1/1717, Luana - 6/10/1718, Luana) buried in the garden at Luana.

X. JOHN GALE, ESQUIRE (1697-98 - 1749-50) of York, St. James & Vere Parish, was born on 1/23/1697-98 at the Cashew, Jamaica, to Isaac and Mary Slinger Gale. He was referred to in one record as John Gale of York in the parish of St. James and Withywood in the parish of Vere. He was a member of the parish council. Withywood was later called Vere Parish and Verewas incorporated into the parish of Clarendon in 1867. On 7/3/1723 John married (1) ELIZABETH MORANT (11/25/1707 - 1/10/1740), daughter of John Morant the Elder (?? - 1683). The Gale and Morant families came to the island at about the same time and both acquired vast plantations and substantial wealth. John and Elizabeth had nine children before here death on 1/10/1740-41. She was buried at St. Peters Anglican Church at Vere, built in 1671 and originally the parish church of Vere Parish and the oldest church in Jamaica. Following her death John married (2) SARAH CURTIS (?? - 1773), daughter of Daniel Curtis of the parish of St. Thomas. The ceremony took place on 11/24/1742 at the house of Samuel Dicker. Sarah Curtis Gale died without children about 1773 and was buried at old Vere Church. John Gale, Esq. died on 2/27/1749-50, age 52, and was also buried at there. Memorials to members of both the Gale and Morant families were erected at St. Peter's. According to the Quit Rent Book of 1754 John was one of five members of the Gale family who owned tracts of 6000 acres or more. At his death he owned 6,001 acres in four parishes including 783 acres in St. James, 2,854 acres in Westmoreland, 900 acres in St. Elizabeth and 1,464 acres in Vere. His relative Henry Gale owned 16,510 acres in one parish, Colonel Isaac Gale owned 11,838 acres in three parishes, and Henry Gale, a minor, owned 10,065 acres in four parishes.

CHILDREN OF JOHN AND ELIZABETH MORANT GALE
XI. JOHN (6/22/1724, Withywood - 6/24/1748, age 24) died unmarried and was buried at Vere Church.
XI. ISAAC (10/21/1725, Withywood - 11/12/1741) died at school in London and was buried at St. Peter's, Cornhill, on 11/15/1741.
XI. ELIZABETH (7/12/1727, Kingston, Jamaica - 4/30/1761) married (1) on 4/15/1750 at Vere to (1) Thomas Parsons of Carlisle in the parish of Vere. She married (2) Daniel McGilchrist and died without children on 4/30/1761. She was buried at Vere Church where Daniel placed a memorial. Underneath, amidst the Ashes of - her Father, Mother, Brothers, and Sisters - lyes interred the body of - Elizabeth, daughter to ye - Honble. John Gale and Elizabeth his wife - who dyed April the 30th, 1761 - in the 34th year of her age - In memory of those many amiable qualities, her Husband - Daniel McGilchrist, Esq. - hath erected this monument of his love and regard - to one of the best of wives.
XI. WILLIAM (7/15/1728 - 1784), F. S. A. of York, St. James, was born at Liguanea, parish of St. Andrew. He married (1) 1/11/1753 at Vere, his first cousin, Elizabeth Morant (2/20/1727-28 - 6/14/1759, age 31), daughter of John Morant, the younger, of Withywood, parish of Vere. No children were born to them.
XI. MARY (11/19/1729, Liguanea, St. Andrews - ca. 1773) married William Lewis. No children
XI. JONATHAN (5/19/1731 - 4/30/1756, age 24) married (1) Grace Pusey Gardner (10/27/1732, Spanish Town - ??), daughter of John Pusey of Vere and widow of Thomas Gardner of the parish of Clarendon. The ceremony was performed on 6/20/1751 at Vere. Jonathan Gale died without children and was buried at Vere.
XI. GIBBONS (9/14/1732, Liguanea, St. Andrew - 7/4/1761, age 28) died unmarried and was buried at Vere.
XI. SARAH (1/11/1733-34 - 8/9/1748) buried at Vere.
XI. MARGERY (11/19/1735, Withywood - 11/5/1759) died unmarried and was buried at Vere.
St. Peter's Church, Vere, built 1715 on the foundation of the original church
(http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=59326614)
MEMORIALS TO THE GALE FAMILY
Near this place are deposited the remains of - John Gale, Esquire, who departed this life on the 24th of June, 1743 - aged 24 years. Sarah Gale, who died on 9th August, 1748 - aged 14 years.
The Honble. John Gale, Esquire, who died on 27th February, 1749/50 - aged 52 years. And Elizabeth, the wife of William Gale - and daughter of John Morant, Esquire, who departed this life the 14th of June, 1759 - aged 31 years.
Arms: Quarterly, 1 and 4, On a fesse between three saltires as many lion's heads erased. 2 and 3, A chevron between three talbots passant.

MEMORIALS TO THE MORANT FAMILY
Beneath this marble in this pew, lieth interred the bodys of the honorable John Morant, Esq., who departed this life, October the 3 Anno Domini 1721 in the 44th year of his age and his son, John Morant, Esq., who departed this life February the 6th, Anno Domini 1734, in the 38th year of his age. Another inscription read, Elizabeth - the wife of John Gale, Esq. - daughter of John Morant the elder, who departed this life - January the 10th 1740, in the 34th year of her age. Arms: Gules, a fess Lozengy argent and sable, between three talbots rampant or.
Both John and Isaac Gale, Esquires, deceased, were mentioned in Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations, Jamaica, June 1750. "Their lordships took into consideration a letter from Mr. Trelawney, Governor of Jamaica, recommending three persons to succeed to vacancies in the Council, mentioned in yesterday's minutes, and ordered the draught of a representation to the Lords Justices to be prepared, proposing that Henry Archbould, Philip Pinnock and Henry Moore, Esquires, recommended by Mr. Trelawney, should be appointed of the Council of Jamaica, in the room of Mathew Concannon, John Gale and Isaac Gale, Esquires, deceased." (Journal, June 1750: Volume 58', Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations: January 1750 - December 1753, Volume 9 (1932), pp. 79-85)

XI. WILLIAM GALE, FSA (1728 - 1784) OF LIGUANEA & LONDON was born on 7/15/1728 at Liguanea, St. Andrew's Parish, to John Gale of Withywood and his wife Elizabeth Morant Gale. On 1/11/1753 at Vere he married his first cousin, ELIZABETH MORANT (2/20/1727-28 - 6/14/1759), daughter of John Morant, Esq. (?? - 1734) the younger of Withywood, Custos of Clarendon and Vere, and his wife Mary Pennant Morant (?? - 1759). Elizabeth died on 6/14/1759 at age 31 and was buried at Vere Church. The couple had no children.

In 1750 William settled his father's estate. He was described as William Gale, F.S.A., of York in the parish of St. James, and was a member of Hanover Parish in 1754-55 and a member of the Assembly for St. James in 1755-56. He was in New York when he received a letter dated 10/10/1768 from Samuel Martin of Antigua regarding Gale's recent visit to Albany and Niagara Falls. He owned a tenement property in Philadelphia known as "Dickenson's Burnt Buildings."

In 1776 William was listed as the proprietor of York and Gale's Valley, sugar estates totaling 3,147 acres located on the north side of the island in the parishes of St. James and Trelawney, and Mount Hindmost in the northern portion of Clarendon on the south coast. The Gales also owned the pens and cattle ranches called St. Jago and Paisley. In 1820 there were 388 slaves at York, 262 at Gale's Valley, 175 at Mount Hindmost and 40 at each of the two cattle pens. These numbers declined in later years.

In 1777 William was a member of the Royal Society of London. In 1780, according to the estate papers of
Kiplin Hall, Yorkshire, he was serving as attorney in Jamaica for Edward Garthwaite of Shackleford, Surrey, who left him £100 for a ring. Garthwaite's will was dated 11/30/1780 and probated 3/12/1795. These estate papers also mentioned the Calvert family, Robert Crowe, George Crowe, Robert Gale of Scruton, Roger Gale of Scruton and son Roger Henry Gale, further establishing William's link to the Gales of Yorkshire. In June of 1782 William was living at Grafton Street, London, acting as guardian of Thomas Harding, the son of an associate. He later moved to Hanover Square in the parish of St. George, co. Middlesex, in what is now the City of Westminster. He signed a pedigree of the Jamaican branch of the Gale family held by the College of Arms dated 2/17/1783.

While living on Grafton Street William wrote his will on 10/30/1784 and it was proved on 12/11/1784. When he died childless at age 56 his estate passed to his nephew Edward Gregory Morant (1772 - 1855), son of John Morant, M. P. for Brockenhurst and his wife Mary Whitebone Goddard. Edward assumed the name and arms of Gale. [SEE BELOW - GALE & MORANT FAMILIES] The will mentioned his friend and kinsman, Edward Morant, late of Jamaica and now of Brockenhurst, co. Hampshire; kinsman John Morant; Edward Gregory Morant; David Lewis, son of sister Mary Lewis, deceased; friend Henry Dawkins, late of Jamaica, now of Handlinch, co. Wilts; Beeston Long, the elder, and Samuel Long, both of London; Richard Dawkins, son of Henry Dawkins, and John Fisher, son of Mrs. Jane Isabella Sponer, by Mr. Fisher, her late husband, and grandson of Isaac Gale, Esq. of Luana, Jamaica. William's plantation and sugar works called
York and lands in the parishes of St. James and Trelawney were to be held in trust and sold, as was his home on Grafton Street and its furnishings. Any balance was to be issued to Edward Morant. William also mentioned 300 acres at Lambs Spring, St. Elizabeth; two tracts of 300 acres each at Burnt Savannah, St. Elizabeth, and land in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.

X. ISAAC GALE (1702 - ca. 1750) was born on 4/8/1702 to Isaac and Jane Gallimore Gale at Lacovia, St. Elizabeth, Jamaica. In 1724 Isaac married DOROTHY ORGILL (12/25/1708 - 5/8/1750), eldest daughter of Andrew Orgill of Nonsuch, Trinity and Unity in the parish of St. Mary, Jamaica. They had several children. Isaac Gale, of Luana, was a member of the Council and of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1727. Dorothy Orgill Gale died on 5/8/1750 and was buried at Luana. Isaac also died in 1750 and his will, dated 3/1/1746-47, was proved on 8/1/1750.

CHILDREN OF ISAAC & DOROTHY ORGILL
XI. ISAAC (1727 - 10/1749) buried at Luana.
XI. JONATHAN (10/25/1728 - 10/23/1739) educated at Hackney School, died at age 11 and was buried at St. Peter's, Cornhill, on 10/28/1739.
XI. DOROTHY (3/10/1726 -??) of Bedford and Grove House, Chalfont, St. Giles, married William Foster Esq. (?? - 10/31/1768, age 46) on 2/19/1743-44. William Foster, of the Bogue Estate, Jamaica, was the second son of Colonel John Foster of Elim, Jamaica, and his wife Elizabeth Smith Foster of Barbados. [See FOSTER, formerly of KEMPSTON - Burke's Landed Gentry, 1952 Ed. According to Burke's Lineage of Foster of Brickhill, William Foster was born in Jamaica and married (1) Elizabeth Vassall, daughter of John Vassall, Esq. of Jamaica, and (2) Dorothy Gale, of Acomb near York and of Lucena on the island of Jamaica, the daughter of Colonel Gale, a descendant of the Gales of Yorkshire. They married on 2/8/1743 and had children: Thomas, Frederick-William, John, Eliza-Dorothy, Sarah, and Mary-Helen Foster.
XI. JANE ISABELLA (12/9/1734 - ??) married (1) JOHN FISHER (?? -2/11/1769, buried at Greenwich, Kent) on 10/13/1753 at St. Anne's, Soho. They had a son, John Fisher (4/25/1759 - Living 1780). She married (2) JOHN SPOONER OF Buckland Filleigh, Devon, on 4/191770 at Greenwich and had a daughter Isabella Hannah Spooner (2/13/1771 - ??).
XI. JOHN (11/10/1735 - 5/6/1758) buried at Luana, no children.
XI. KATHERINE (6/9/1738 - ??) married JOSEPH CHAPLIN HANKEY (?? - 10/18/1773, age 46) of Bergholt, Suffolk, eldest son of Sir Joseph Hankey. The ceremony took place on 2/23/1754. They had children.

IX. JONATHAN GALE (1675-76 - 1727) was born on 3/10/1676 to John and Mary Gale in Jamaica. On 5/18/1699 at Vere he married ELEANOR (UNKNOWN) - (?? - buried 10/16/1725, St. Elizabeth's) and had several children. The family resided at Fullerswood, St. Elizabeth's Parish. Colonel Jonathan Gale was Custos and Colonel of St. Elizabeth between 1708 and 1711 and Custos and Colonel of Westmoreland from 1715 to 1727. He was a member of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1708-09 and 1711, and Member of the Assembly for Westmoreland in 1721-22 and 1725-26.
X. FRANCIS GALE (?? - 1774) OF LIGUANEA, JAMAICA was born at an unknown date to John and Eleanor Gale. Francis married Susanna Hall, daughter of James Hall of Hyde Hall, and had a daughter, Susanna. [Portrait below]
CHILD OF FRANCIS & SUSANNA HALL GALE
XI. SUSANNA HYDE (Est. 1760 - 4/20/1823) became the sole heir of her father at age 14. She married (1) Sabine Turner and was only 17 years of age at his death. Afterwards she married (2) Captain Alan Gardiner, R.N. (1742 - 1809) on 5/20/1769. Gardiner, later Admiral Baron Gardiner of Uttoxeter, was commander-in-chief at Jamaica during the latter part of the 1780s. Susanna Gale had her portrait painted in 1763/64 by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The portrait was trimmed on the right edge in the 18th century as a result of water damage suffered when a ship commanded by Susanna's husband ran aground on the northwest coast of America. Admiral Gardiner died on 1/1/1809.

Francis Gale of Liguanea became an affluent Jamaican planter and was a Member of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1767, 1768, and 1770. He was mentioned in 1751 in the will of his brother Isaac. At his death his daughter Susanna, then age 14, became his sole heir.
Miss Susanna Gale, 1763-64
(http://www.waverleyarts.com.au/index.php?page+susanna-gale)
X. JAMES GALE (?? - 1746) OF WESTMORELAND PARISH was born at an unknown date to Jonathan and Eleanor Gale. He married ELIZABETH (UNKNOWN) and had children. James Gale owned 150 acres in the parish of Hanover, 900 acres in the parish of Westmoreland and 300 acres in the parish of St. Elizabeth in 1754. His wife Elizabeth died in 1745-46 and was buried at Westmoreland on 3/6/1745-46. James outlived her by only a year and was buried soon afterwards on 7/3/1746. Their only son, James, died a year later and was also buried at Westmoreland on 7/7/1747.

CHILDREN OF JAMES & ELIZABETH UNKNOWN GALE'
XI. ELIZABETH (?? - died in Rhode Island, buried at Westmoreland 11/7/1764) married 1/4/1753 at Westmoreland to Bernard Senior (Ca. 1722 - 1/10/1766, buried at Westmoreland 1/12/1766), younger son of Bernard and Margaret Dorrill Senior, of Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica. Their marriage forged a connection between the Gales of Whitehaven, the West Indies, and America. [See below]
XI. ELEANOR (Bapt. 1/3/1741-42, Westmoreland - ??) married 1/3/1742 at Westmoreland to James Phillips, her first cousin, son of Colonel Robert Phillips and his wife Eleanor, daughter of Jonathan Gale.
XI. JAMES (?? - Buried at Westmoreland on 7/7/1747)

THE GALE, MARTIN, SENIOR CONNECTIONS IN ENGLAND, THE WEST INDIES & AMERICA

An elder son of Bernard and Elizabeth Gale Senior was JAMES GALE SENIOR (3/26/1758, Bapt.12/12/1758, Westmoreland - 2/3/1797, Hot Wells, Bristol) of Prospect Hill, Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica, an estate left to him by the Gale family. On 9/12/1785 at St. Elizabeth Parish he married LETITIA MARTIN (Ca. 1768 - 12/4/1797, age 29, Clifton, Caroline Co., VA), daughter of LEWIS BURWELL MARTIN (Ca. 1736 - 9/20/1782) who married his first cousin once removed, Ann Cunningham, daughter of Irish merchant Francis and Agnes Martin Cunningham. Their other children were John Ponsonby Martin and Martha Martin.

Lewis Burwell Martin was a member of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth's Parish, Jamaica in 1781 and Assistant Judge of the Jamaica Supreme Court. His brother was SAMUEL MARTIN (ca. 1729 - 3/3/1800) on 8/29/1754, a tobacco merchant of Lowther Street, Whitehaven; Drumcondra, Co. Dublin; and Caroline County, Virginia. His parents were Colonel John Martin, a Burgess who held an estate of 2,700 acres in Caroline County and his wife Martha Burwell, daughter of Colonel Lewis Burwell of
Fairfield, member of the Council of Gloucester County, VA. Samuel Martin was also the husband of BRIDGET GALE (?? - ??), daughter of PETER GALE (1699 - ??) of Whitehaven and granddaughter of ELISHA and ELIZABETH CRISP GALE. [SEE JOHN GALE OF WHITEHAVEN]

[The wills of both James Gale Senior, dated 9/26/1796 and proved 4/4/179, and Letitia Martin Senior, dated 10/13/1797 and proved on 7/11/1798, are registered at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They had four children who were raised by their great-aunt, Mrs. Letitia Laird. After their deaths the Gale estate in Jamaica was mismanaged by an agent, the slaves were emancipated and the property relinquished to the Crown. Both James and Elizabeth Gale Senior were buried at St. Paul's, Bristol.]

X. JONATHAN GALE (?? - 1739-40) was born at an unknown date to Jonathan and Eleanor Gale. [A John Gale, father of Jonathan and father of Henry, matriculated at Oxford College on 2/23/1726-27 at age 18. According to the dates, the reference was probably to this Jonathon/John Gale.] Jonathan married GIBBONS MORANT, daughter of John Morant, and had children. They resided at Fullerswood, St. Elizabeth's Parish. After John's death sometime in 1739-40 Gibbons married (2) Peter Serjeant, who was living as a widower at Fullerswood in 1780.

CHILDREN OF JONATHAN & GIBBONS MORANT GALE
XI. HENRY (2/19/1737 - 3/8/1767) married Elizabeth Williams, daughter of Lewis Williams of Westmoreland, on 10/25/1764 and had a son, William.
XI. MARY (?? - ??) died young.
XI. GIBBONS (?? - ??) died young.
XI. ELEANOR (?? - ??) married Francis Cooke, Member of the Council of Jamaica. After Eleanor's death Francis Cooke married (2) Mary, daughter of Isaac Gale.

XI. HENRY GALE (1737 - 1767) was born on 2/19/1737 to Jonathon and Gibbons Morant Gale. His siblings were Mary, Gibbons, and Eleanor Gale. Henry registered at Oxford College on 11/12/1754 at age 17. On 10/25/1764 he married ELIZABETH WILLIAMS, daughter of Lewis Williams of the parish of Westmoreland. They had a son, William Gale.

Henry Gale, of
Salt Spring and Tennants, was Custos and Colonel of the parish of St. Elizabeth, and Member of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1760 and 1765-66. He owned 75 acres in the parish of St. Andrew, 1,125 acres in the parish of Westmoreland and 8,477 acres in the parish of St. Elizabeth and 388 acres in the parish of Vere in 1754. Henry was listed as a member of Black River Church beginning in 1760. He died on 3/8/1767 and a memorial erected there read, "In Memory of - the Honourable Henry Gale, Esq. - Custos and Colonel of the Parish of St. Elizabeth in this island - born the 19 of Febuy, 1737 - died the 8th of March, 1767." The church itself is no longer standing. After Henry's death his widow Elizabeth married William Harvie/Hervey of St. Dorothy on 5/24/1770.

ARMS OF HENRY GALE
ARMS: Azure, on a fess between 3 saltires or, 3 lions' heads erased, gules. CREST & MOTTO: Unknown.

CHILD OF HENRY & ELIZABETH WILLIAMS GALE
XII. WILLIAM (1769 -Will, 12/4/1795, London) married Flora Gale (1672 - 2/7/1792, Savanna-la-Mar)

XII. WILLIAM GALE (1769 - Will 12/4/1795), of SAVANNA-LA-MAR, WESTMORELAND, JAMAICA, was the son of Henry and Elizabeth Williams Gale of St. Elizabeth's. He was admitted to Westminster School on 9/19/1777 and later married Flora Gale (1672 - 2/7/1792, Savanna-la-Mar) but no children are known. One of William's relatives was The Right Honorable Elizabeth, Countess Dowager Home, the only daughter and heiress of William Gibbons of Vere. She married (1) James Lawes, Esq. in 1720 and after his death married in 1742 (2) William, 8th Earl of Home, Governor of Gibralter. No children were born to either marriage. She is known as the owner of Home House, a Georgian town house at 20 Portman Square, London. Elizabeth had appointed James Wyatt as the first designer in 1776 but he was replaced the following year by Robert Adam.
The Countess died childless at age 80 on 1/15/1784 and was buried in a vault at St. Erasmus' Chapel, Westminster on 1/23/1784. In her will, dated 11/19/1783 and proved 1/24/1784, she named her "relation" William Gale, son of the late Henry Gale of St. Elizabeth's Parish, Jamaica who was then at Westminster School. Elizabeth bequeathed to William her home in Portman Square and her estate in Jamaica that was inherited from her father. William promptly left it to one of his aunts, a Mrs. Walsh, in 1785, after which it was owned by a variety of London noblemen. William left a will dated 12/4/1795 in London.
Home House, designed by Robert Adam
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_House)
X. ISAAC GALE, SUGAR PLANTER OF OXFIELD, WESTMORELAND, JAMAICA, was born to Jonathan and Eleanor Gale at an unknown date. There was no mention of a wife or children in his will.
At some point Isaac returned to England where he lived at St. Bridgetts, London. He died sometime between 12/4/1751 when he dated his will and 9/17/1754 when it was proved. Records show that he owned owned 3,946 acres in the parish of St. Mary; 1,700 acres in the parish of Westmoreland and 6,192 acres in the parish of St. Elizabeth in 1754. He requested that he be buried at St. Andrew's Holborn. He named Roger Drake and Beeston Long, merchants of London; Saml. Vickers, wine merchant; cousin William Gale of Jamaica; his late father Jonathan Gale and late brother Henry Gale; brother Francis Gale of Jamaica; sister Eleanor Phillips and brother-in-law Coll. Robert Phillips of Leguanoa; John Horne; Samuel Vickers Sr. and Jr. and Eliza, wife of "Saml. V.;" and John Batchlor (sic), late of Jamaica deceased, partner of cousin John Gale. Witnesses were Kenwick Lyddall, John Potter, and Jno. Drake and it was noted that the "Books are in the hands of William son of John Gale." Isaac mentioned his properties including lands etc. at Lambs Valley and Lamb Spring, Parish of Westmoreland, given him by his late father Jonathan Gale and lands at Ballard's Valley, Parish of St. Chira, under the care of Thomas Mills, given him by his late brother Henry Gale.








St. Andrew, Holborn, London
© Steve Cadman & licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons License
(http://www.flickr.com/photos/98115025@N00/5392999090)
X. WILLIAM GALE #2 (?? - BY 1754) OF ST. PHILIP'S PARISH was born to Jonathan and Eleanor Gale. According to a genealogy compiled by Jeremy Archer, only one William (?? - 1720) was listed as a son of Jonathan and Eleanor Gale. However, another William Gale wrote a will proved in 1754 that named his late father Jonathan Gale, late brother Henry Gale, brother Francis of Jamaica, his sister Eleanor Phillips and brother-in-law Col. Robert Phillips of Leguanoa. It also named John Gale, cousin, partner of John Batchlor late of Jamaica, deceased, and William, son of John Gale. [There was a William Gale who married ALICE (UNKNOWN) and had at least one son, William (8/29/1736 - ??). The dates indicate a possibility that the William Gale who was the son of Jonathan and Eleanor was the husband of Alice.
THE GALE & MORANT FAMILIES OF JAMAICA & BROCKENHURST, HAMPSHIRE, ENGLAND

XII. EDWARD GREGORY MORANT (1772 - 1855) LATER KNOWN AS EDWARD GREGORY MORANT GALE, was the second son of Edward and Mary Whitehorne Goddard Morant. In 1759 his father, Edward Morant, Sr. (?? - 1791) left Jamaica for England where he purchased the Brockenhurst estate in Hampshire in 1770. It is here we find the families of JOHN, JAMES, & THOMAS GALE OF BROCKENHURST. It is not known how they were related.

Edward Morant must have returned to Jamaica since Edward Gregory was born there in 1772. The Brockenhurst property remained in the hands of the Gale/Morant family for many years.

Edward Gregory Morant married ELIZABETH TOWNSEND, eldest daughter of Gore Townsend of Honington Hall, Warwickshire, and Lady Elizabeth Windsor, a daughter of the Earl of Plymouth. At one time Edward Gregory Morant and Elizabeth Townsend Gale resided at Upham House, Hampshire, and Edward is referred to as being of Warwickshire, the home of his wife, and of Hampshire. Edward and Elizabeth had four children.









Upham House, Hampshire
(http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Upham_House_-_geograph.org.uk_-_56403.jpg)
In Jamaica Edward Gregory Morant Gale's properties included Gale's Valley, an extensive estate and large sugar plantation established in 1799 in the parish of Trelawny. His other properties included York, Mt. Hindmost, and Paisley and St. Jago Pens. In 1820 there were 388 slaves at York, 262 at Gale's Valley, 175 at Mt. Hindmost, and 40 at the two pens. In 1824 Edward is listed as owning 2950 acres at Mt. Hindmost, Paisley, and St. Jago. In 1840 he appears in the Almanac in Trelawney with 3147 acres at York and Gale's Valley. At his death in 1855 his son Edward John (1818-1894) inherited the family estates and In 1881 Edward M. Gale, Attorney, St. Jago, is listed as the owner of the sugar plantation in cultivation at Gale's Valley, Paisley Pen and Mt. Hindmost. In 1898 following Edward John's death, the property was listed in possession of Herbert J. Kerr, Attorney.
THE GALE - MORANT PAPERS, 1731 1925, are archived at East Ardsley, Yorkshire, England, University of Exeter Library, as part of the "British records relating to America" (BRRAM) project. They are divided into 6 sections. (1) general correspondence of William Gale 1752-1787, (2) documents relating to William Gale's will 1775-1799, (3) papers relating to York plantation and Gale's Valley plantation 1761-1845, (4) papers relating to Mount Hindmost estate and St. Jago and Paisley pens 1810-1914, (5) papers relating to the Jamaican estates of Edward Gregory Morant-Gale 1796-1822, and (6) Gale and Morant family miscellanea 1735-1925." The University of the West Indies at Mona, Jamaica, possesses a microfilm copy of all these papers that also include letters about property in America during the Revolutionary War. [See http://www.ex.ac.uk/library/guides/G]

CHILDREN OF EDWARD & ELIZABETH TOWNSEND MORANT-GALE
XIII. EMILY JANE (1818, Warwickshire - 1904) married Walter Jervis Long, Esq., eldest son of Walter Long of Preshaw-house, Hants, Esq. on 4/16/1839.
XIII. SECOND DAUGHTER (UNKNOWN)
XIII. LOUISA (?? - ??) married William Skipwith (1807 - ??) on 9/8/1843.
XIII. EDWARD JOHN (1818 - 1894) married Maria Henrietta Stuart, daughter of Sir Simeon Henry Stuart, 5th Bt. of Hartley Maudit, and sister of Sir Simeon Henry Stuart, Esq. and ensign in Her Majesty's 71st Regiment of Foot. He registered at Oxford on 5/11/1837 at age 18.
In 1955 The owner of Gale's Valley property's agreed to the reconstruction of the original warehouse there to become a chapel for the University of the West Indies. No longer functioning as part of the Gale's Valley sugar works, the structure was transported, stone by stone, to the University campus at Mona. Today the original Georgian style building has been modified and integrated with other campus structures. The name Edward Morant Gale, Esquire is inscribed down the wall on the north side just below the coping, followed by the date 1799.







Chapel, University of the West Indies,
constructed from stones at the former warehouse, Gales Valley, 1799
(http://myspot.mona.uwi.edu/principal/node/40)
STRAYS IN JAMAICA
ALICE GALE (Living 1676) married John Shaw, ST. CATHERINE, JAMAICA, 10/19/1676
CATHERINE GALE (ca. 1835 - ??) of Jamaica married David Burton on 5/23/1860.
ELIZABETH GALE (?? - 1770), Free Mulatto of Jamaica, buried 5/19/1770
JAMES GALE (?? - 1763), Free Mulatto of Jamaica, infant, buried 1/28/1763.
JANE GALE (Living 1820) married Alexander Forrest (of color) in WESTMORELAND, JAMAICA, ca. 1820.
JOHN GALE (Living 1661) of JAMAICA married Alice Barnes on 11/7/1661.
JOHN BENJAMIN GALE (Living 1858), resident of ST. ELIZABETH, JAMAICA, married on 7/24/1858 to Margaret Maria Bromfield. The marriage was recorded in the parish register.
JOSEPH GALE (Living 1772) married Margaret Atkins on 12/23/1772. Their children were Margaret (9/20/1773 - ??); JOSEPH (4/12/1777 - ??); WILLIAM (7/18/1782 - ??); and GEORGE (5/10/?? - ??). The latter two children were baptized on 6/25/1785.
MARY GALE (Living 1815) OF YORK PEN, ST. ELIZABETH PARISH, JAMAICA, was listed in the 1815 Almanac with two slaves. In 1819 she is listed with 43 slaves.
MATTHEW/MATTHIAS/ OR "MATHY" GALE was mentioned in the inventory of Isaac Narvais, Port Royal merchant, signed and sealed on 9/22/1687, "Memorandum of debts not confessed broght (sic) over from the other side in the Boock (sic) No. 3, in the Book No.4." (Port Royal Probate Inventories, Vol. 3, Fol. 41-45, 1686 - 1694)
RALPH GALE (Living 1840) OF HOPINGTON, ST. ELIZABETH PARISH, JAMAICA, owned 39 acres in St. Elizabeth Parish according to the 1840 Almanac.
SARAH GALE (Living 1806) of the PARISH OF ST. DAVID, JAMAICA, is mentioned in 1806 in a land transaction in the parish when a 78 acre tract belonging to the estate of WILLIAM PATERSON, ESQ., deceased, among others, was to be sold. It was described as "nearly surrounded by lands belonging to the Heirs of Mrs. Sarah Gale, now in the possession of Mr. Delpratt. The whole of these lands are considered fit for the Cultivation of Coffee and Provisions. For particulars inquire of Alexander Ritchie and Patrick Grant, Esqrs. in Liguanea, or at Port Morant." (Excerpts from the Royal Gazette, 1806)
THOMAS GALE: 1837: Apprentice [former slave], ordered to remove from Sheckler Pasture to Manchester Plantation about 30 miles away.
WILLIAM GALE (LIVING 1640) was a partner to the immigrant Walter Jago who arrived in Jamaica in 1634-35. The two purchased a plantation of 100 acres and six servants for 34,000 pounds in cotton and tobacco in May of 1640.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1761) of JAMAICA, married on 7/23/1761 to Rebecca Bartlett. Their son William was born on 11/15/1766.
WILLIAM GALE (Living 1820) of ST. ELIZABETH PARISH, JAMAICA, was listed in the 1820 Almanac for County Cornwall, Returns of Givings, March 1-4, in the Parish of St. Elizabeth with one slave and three stock.
WILLIAM GALE (?? - 1824): 7/5/1824: Anne Lindley from William Gale, deceased. Bessy Duncan and children, James Dow, John Dow - by McDonald and all trustees under an act for manumitting certain slaves of William Gale, deceased. (Jamaican Manumissions from the PRO)
WILLIAM GALE (ca. 1838 - ??) a planter of ST. ELIZABETH PARISH, JAMAICA, married on 3/13/1878 to Rose Ann Bromfield, St. Mary's Anglican District, St. Elizabeth. At the time he was living in the Bellmount District.
BACK TO HOMEPAGE
INTRODUCTION
BARBADOS was under British rule as a proprietorship beginning in 1627. Plantations were established and 11 English parishes were founded on the island, Christ Church, St. Philip, St. Michael, St. George, St. John, St. Thomas, St. Joseph, St. James, St. Andrew, St. Peter, and St. Lucy. Although cotton and tobacco were unable to thrive on the island, sugar performed very well. Consequently a few wealthy sugar Barons were able to acquire farmland formerly owned by small cotton and tobacco farmers to plant the more profitable sugar crop. While these planters amassed considerable wealth the island became extremely important to the British economy and a brisk trade flourished between England, the Americas, and the West Indies, mainly based on the export of sugar and rum.

In the early 1600s King Charles II backed a slave-trading company and the Atlantic slave trade flourished until its abolition in the area in 1834. After the Sugar Revolution of the 1650s most of the more than 40,000 original white British settlers left for the American Colonies and by 1744 Negroes outnumbered whites on the island by almost 12 to 1. Meanwhile the burgeoning island economy gave rise to serious over-population prior to the end of the 17th century when additional laborers, including indentured servants, convicted felons, vagrants, political prisoners, and slaves were brought to the island. Competing with the other Leeward Islands for the bulk of the lucrative sugar trade, Barbados became a separate entity in 1816.

GALE FAMILY MEMBERS LIVING IN BARBADOS appeared primarily in 4 of the original 11 parishes, namely St. John's, St. Philip's, Christ Church, and St. Michael's, all in the southern portion of the island. Family connections remain unknown but the first mention of the surname was in the person of RICHARD GALE (LIVING 1635) age 16, transported to St. Christopher, Barbados, on the Ann & Elizabeth, John Brookehaven, Captain. His name and age appeared on a list of passengers who left London on 4/27/1635. Others of the surname are listed below by their respective parishes.
ST. MICHAEL'S PARISH:
BARNARD GALE (LIVING 1687) of St. Michael's Parish was mentioned as a godson in the will of Barnard Mann, dated 10/12/1687 and proved 5/30/1688.
JOHN GALE (LIVING 1702) of St. Michael's Parish married Elizabeth Anderson on 8/28/1702. Daughter Frances was baptized at St. Michael's Parish on 1/23/1704-05.
JOHN (1685 - ??) & THOMAS GALE (Baptized 9/17/1685, St. Michael's Parish - ??) On 6/16/1711 the will of Thomas Andrews, carpenter, mentions "kinfolks" Lot and Francis Gale. He also mentions John and Thomas Gale. The will was proved on 7/26/1711.
FRANCIS & LOT GALE, BROTHERS: (Both Living 1711) Lot married a woman named Sarah and had three children.
JOHN GALE (LIVING 1669), "Husbandman" of S. Tawton, arrived in Barbados in 1669.
ROBERT GALE (Living 1659) was a merchant in St. Michael's, Barbados.
ST. JOHN'S PARISH:
DR. CHARLES GALE (LIVING 1681) was mentioned with Thomas Gale [below] in will of Alexander Kidney, planter, Barbados, in 1681.
THOMAS GALE (LIVING 1655 - 1681), "Phisician" (sic) of St. John's Parish, Barbados, was mentioned in the will of William Harris in 1655. Thomas married a woman named Ann, who was named as his executrix in his will dated 10/15/1681 and proved on 11/19/1681. He was mentioned as either "friend, doctor, or surgeon" in the wills of Thomas Wood (1660); James Defeeld, carpenter (1665); Elizabeth Consett, widow, (1669) - [This will mentioned Elizabeth's God-daughter Anne Gale and witnesses Capt. Thomas Downes, William Crossing, and Thomas Crosser]; Edward Hollingshead, Jr. (1674); William Carpenter, gentleman (1679); and James Alexander (dated 10/3/1681and proved 1/11/1681) that listed witnesses Thomas Gale, Ann Gale and others. The will of John Ellis, planter, dated 8/21/1680 and recorded 1/2/1715, mentioned property bounding the land of Robert Mead, Esq., John Kendall, Dr. Thomas Gale, and father-in-law William Lavington.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: WEST INDIES

BOOKS:
Coldham, Peter Wilson, The Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD. 1987
Cundall, Frank;
Biographical Annals of Jamaica - A brief history of the colony arranged as a guide to the Jamaica Portrait Gallery with chronological outlines of Jamaica history;
Kingston, 1901
de Albuquerque, Martin;
Notes & Queries, A Medium of Inter-Communication For Literary Men, General Readers, Etc., Third
Series, Vol. V, Jan - June, 1864. MCD,
Depositions and Interrogations in the Lord Mayor's Court of London - additional to those already published in "Lord Mayor's Court
Depositions"
by Peter Wilson Coldham, 1980
Massue, Melville Henry de, The Marquis of Ruvigny & Raineval,
The Plantageneet Roll Of The Blood Royal, Being a Complete Table Of All The Descendants Now Living of Edward
III, King of England;
The Anne of Exeter Volume; Baltimore, MD. 1994
Oliver, Vere Langford;
THE HISTORY OF THE ISLAND OF ANTIGUA, ONE OF THE LEEWARD CARIBBEES IN THE WEST INDIES, FROM THE FIRST SETTLEMENT IN 1635 TO THE
PRESENT TIME,
Vol. 1; London, 1894
Sanders, Joanne McRee;
Barbados Record, Baptisms 1637 - 1800; Baltimore, MD. 1984
Smith, John,
The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summers Isles; 1624, reprint, Cleveland, Ill. 1966
Travers, S. Smith, Esq.,
A Collection of Pedigrees of the Family of Travers; Or Abstracts of Certain Documents Collected Towards A History of That Family, Oxford, 1867
Tucker, Terry, Bermuda:
Unintended Destination: Containing all the Contemporary Accounts and Bermuda's Earliest Maps, with Modern Comments, and Research on the
Personalities Involved;
Hamilton, Bermuda, 1968

WILLS:
Jamaica Wills Volume 6, folio 111; Will of John Gale, 1689
Jamaica Wills Volume 8, folio 139; Will of Henry Gale, 7/15/1697
Jamaica Wills Vol. 5, folio 39, Will of John Price, 6/18/1700
Jamaica Wills, Vol. 9, folio 131, Will of John Gale, 3/25/2700-01

PERIODICALS:
Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society, Vol. XIV, No. 4, August 1947
Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society, Vol. XII; November, 1944
New England Historical and Genealogical Register; Vol. 14; Somerby, Horatio; "Emigrants for St. Christophers, Barbados;" October, 1860
New England Historical and Genealogical Register; Jan 1871, p.41; and Jan. 1863, p. 60-61

PHOTOS:
Black River Church, St. Elizabeth's Parish, Jamaica: (http://www.jamaicablackriver.com/buildings.html)
Chapel, University of the West Indies, (http://myspot.mona.uwi.edu/principal/node/40)
Home House, designed by Robert Adam, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_House)
Map, Antigua & Barbuda (http://www.turq.com/Antigua/antmap.html)
Map, Jamaica (http://visitjamaica.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/jama_3.gif)
Map, Parishes in Barbados, (http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brbwgw/ParishMap.htm)
Map, The Caribbean (http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/carib.htm)
Map, The Triangular Trade Route ~ England, Africa, the West Indies & North America: (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/africa_caribbean/britain_trade.htm)
Miss Susanna Gale, 1763-64, (http://www.waverleyarts.com.au/index.php?page+susanna-gale)
St. Andrew, Holborn, London, © Steve Cadman & licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons License (http://www.flickr.com/photos/98115025@N00/5392999090)
St. Michael's Cathedral, Bridgetown, Barbados, built 1786 on the site of an earlier church (http://www.shipoffools.com/mystery/1999/100Mystery.html)
St. Nicholas Church, Brockenhurst, England, (http://www.brockenhurstchurch.com/)
Upham House, Hampshire, (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Upham_House_-_geograph.org.uk_- _56403.jpg)
Vere Church, (http://www.jnht.com/heritage_site.php?id=82)

WEB SITES:
http://myspot.mona.uwi.edu/principal/node/40
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=81832&strquery=Gale; Journal, June 1750: Volume 58', Journals of the Board of Trade and Plantations: January 1750 - December
1753, Volume 9 (1932)
http://www.englishorigins.com/ShowApprentices.asp
http://www.ex.ac.uk/library/guides/G
http://www.knightroots.co.uk/transcriptions/Parish_B/Brockenhurst/Baptisms/baptisms.htm
http://www.knightroots.co.uk/transcriptions/Parish_B/Brockenhurst/Marriages/marriages.htm
http://www.microform.co.uk/guides/R97047.pdf: Gale-Morant Papers, 1731 - 1925
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/search/search_results.aspx?st=q&querytext=Gale%20Morant %20Papers; Gale-Morant Papers: 6M80/E/T262-272, 6M80/E/T77, 6M80/E/T79,
6M80/E/T80
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/africa_caribbean/britain_trade.htm
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/A2A/records.aspx?cat=041-morant2&cid=-1&Gsm=2008- 06-18; Morant of Brockenhurst, Hampshire Record Office
http://www.nautarch.tamu.edu/portroyal/archives/Inventories/Vol3/3-41.htm-13R; Jamaica, Port Royal Probate Inventories, Vol. 3, Fol. 41-45, 1686 - 1694
http://www.nautarch.tamu.edu/portroyal/archives/invent.htm; Jamaica Public Archives: Port Royal Probate Inventories, Inventories, Vol. 5, folio 39
http://www.nautarch.tamu.edu/portroyal/archives/wills.htm; Port Royal Wills, Volume 9, folio 131, Mar 25 1700-01
III. Other Unknown Children
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SLAVES OWNED BY HENRY GALE
INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER: HERCULES, a Negro man; GRACE, a Negro woman
NAMED IN HENRY'S WILL: GREAT FRANKE, a Negro woman, and her "PECKANINEY" (sic); CIRJAR, a Negro man; HEREFORD, a Negro boy; "THE BEST OF MY NEGRO BOYS THAT ARE TWINS" [UN-NAMED]; OTHER TWIN NEGROE BOY [UN-NAMED]; JENNY, a Negro woman; NEG GIRLE the daughter of JENNY; JENNE, Negro Girl; "PECKANINY" of JENNE

IX. JOHN GALE (1668 - Betw. 1695 & 1700), carpenter of Jamaica, was born on 11/11/1668 to John and Mary Jackson Gale. He married (UNKNOWN) and according to his will, dated 11/11/1695 and proved 3/25/1700, had children.

At his father's death John Gale inherited 200 acres of land near Thomas Lynch, Esq. Favels, and Captain Mathews, including the plantation, land in the Great Carhoe, and his father's adjoining land on Black River. He also inherited a Negro man named Jeffry. John Gale wrote his will on 11/11/1695. Since no wife is mentioned she probably predeceased him. John's inventory lists quantities of numerous items used in carpentry and also listed bonds, bills and a draft from the city of Bath, Port Royal. As a successful member of the parish, John Gale's family ate from pewter and silver plates and had a coach with eleven horses. On the other hand, and common during that period, the inventory noted that his slaves ate from wooden trenchers. Gale not only built houses, but also made coffins, barrels and furniture. He owned two properties on Broad Street, a house and store on York Street, a house at an unknown location where he lived with a "cook room" and another house leased to one Emanuell Rogers. He also owned three tenements, two houses and a storehouse newly built near the harbor, one tenement on Cannon Street, another tenement in possession of Charles Kent, and a pen and cattle on Point Pedro in St. Elizabeth parish. He also owned several slaves, nine of whom are listed in his inventory, thirteen in his will and an unknown number in possession of his daughter Ann and her husband John Price.

CHILDREN OF JOHN & UNKNOWN GALE
X. JOHN (By 1695 - ??)
X. PRUDENCE (By 1695 - ??)
X. ANN (By 1695 - ??) married John Price, a merchant of Port Royal. Price's will, dated 6/23/1700, named his wife Ann, Mrs. Mary Gale and her sons Jacob and Joseph Gale, and her daughters Sarah and Ruth Gale. The will also named friends William Slinger of St. Elizabeth's, planter, Anthony Major, son John Price, daughters Anne and Eliza. Price, sisters Elizabeth and Hannah Price, and Robert Meakins. Witnesses were Jacob Ardes de T… James Turner, and John Erasmus. The will was proved at London on 7/4/1701 by John's widow, Anne Gale Price. (Jamaica Wills Vol. 5. Fol. 39, June 18, 1700)
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CHILD OF JOHN & UNKNOWN GALE
III. ROBERT GALE: (Est. Early 1700s - ??) eldest son and heir of John Gale, married an unknown woman and had a son, John Gale, Gentleman, of Houndsditch in Aldgate, England.
III. OTHER CHILDREN UNKNOWN
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CHILDREN OF JONATHAN & ELEANOR GALE
X. ELEANOR (?? - buried at St. Andrew on 2/25/1759) married on 8/22/1727 to Col. Robert Phillips (?? - 1763) of Liguanea, St. Andrew's Parish, where they resided. Robert Phillips was a Member of the Assembly for St. Andrew in 1738 and 1745-46. In 1759 Eleanor Gale Phillips died and was buried at St. Andrew on 2/2/1759. Robert outlived her and was buried there on 11/17/1763. Their son George Phillips, master of the ship Queen of Bristol died on 6/2/1781 and was buried at Gales in St. Elizabeth Parish. [A descendant named George Phillips Gale married Mary Lacey on 12/24/1798.]
X. FRANCIS (?? - 1774) of Liguanea was a member of the Assembly for St. Elizabeth in 1767, 1768 and 1770. He married Susannah, daughter of James Hall of Hyde Hall, and their daughter, Susannah Hyde (?? - 4/20/1823) married on 5/20/1769 to Captain Alan Gardner, R.N. (?? - 1/1/1809), later Admiral Baron Gardner of Uttoxeter.
X. GEORGE (?? - ??), twin of James, married and had children but their names are unknown.
X. JAMES (?? - Buried 7/3/1746, Westmoreland), twin of George, married a woman named Elizabeth and had children Elizabeth, Eleanor, and James who died young.
X. HENRY (?? - By 1751) attended Trinity College and was named in his brother Isaac's will, dated 1751, as his "late brother Henry." He was unmarried. Henry of Salt Spring and Tennants in the parish of St. Elizabeth, was a Member of the Assembly for Westmoreland in 1722 and for St. Elizabeth in 1726. He owned 16,510 acres in the parish of St. Elizabeth at the time of his death sometime before 1751. The Salt Spring estate subsequently passed to Bernard Martin Senior, J.P.
X. ISAAC (?? - BY 1754) Sugar planter of Oxfield. No wife or children named in his will.
X. JACOB (?? - Died Young)
X. JONATHAN (?? - 1739-40, St. Elizabeth's) of Fullerswood, the third son of his father, married Gibbons Morant, daughter of John Morant of Vere Parish, and had children Henry, Eleanor, Mary, and Gibbons. After Jonathan's death Gibbons married (2) Peter Serjeant who was living as a widower at Fullerswood in 1780.
X. JOHN (?? - 1738), of Southfield in the parish of Westmoreland, served as a Major in the Militia and was a Member for St. Elizabeth 1731-32. He was buried at St. Elizabeth on 6/14/1738.
X. JOSEPH #1 (?? - ??) died young.
X. JOSEPH #2 (?? - ??) died young.
X. MARY (?? - ??) married Jonathan Gautier of Liguanea (?? - 1742-43) and had a son and daughter.
X. WILLIAM (?? - BY 1754) of St. Philip's Parish, married ALICE (UNKNOWN) and had at least one son, William (8/29/1736 - ??) The will of William Gale, proved in 1754, named his "late father Jonathan Gale…"late brother Henry Gale", brother Francis of Jamaica, his sister Eleanor Phillips and brother-in-law Col. Robert Phillips of Leguanoa. It also named John Gale, cousin, partner of John Batchlor late of Jamaica, deceased, and William, son of John Gale. [Another William Gale (?? - 9/28/1720, buried St. Elizabeth's) was listed as a son of Jonathan and Eleanor per researcher Jeremy Archer.]
Black River Church, St. Elizabeth's Parish, Jamaica
(http://www.jamaicablackriver.com/buildings.html)
Jonathan was named in both his father's and his mother's wills and inherited 600 acres purchased from Richard Green, all of his father's "Savana" land, and half the land at Point Pedro. [An extract from John Gale's will, dated 4/30/1723, is contained in the Tharp Family Estate Papers of Chippenham, Cambridgeshire (1228 - 1914) held at the Cambridgeshire County Record Office, Castle Court, Shire Hall, Castle Hill, Cambridge, CB3 OAP, England, UK. The papers also contain a letter written in 1804 to William Green of Good Hope, steward to John Tharp Sr., deceased, that mentioned 300 acres in St. Elizabeth belonging to Gale.] Eleanor Gale died and was buried in St. Elizabeth Parish on 10/16/1725 and Jonathon died two years later on 4/21/1727 and was buried at Black River Church on April 28th.