CHRISTOPHER GALE, ESQ. (1680 - 1735)
Chapter 16 - The Brothers of North Carolina
Christopher Gale (1680 - 1735), Edmund Gale (Bapt. 1690 - 1738) & Miles Gale (1682 - Abt. 1711)
After English presence in the Caribbean was threatened by the Spaniards, England established colonies in the Southern regions of America, particularly the Carolinas, in order to provide a safer haven for their plantations. This strategy also aided with overcrowded conditions on the islands and expanded the triangular trade. In 1590 one JOHN GALE arrived at Roanoke Island in North Carolina but his fate, like the others that came with him, is one of that state's great mysteries. During the summer of 1665 the area near the Cape Fear River of North Carolina was settled by about 90 colonists from Barbados. The settlement did not last and colonists soon dispersed to other areas. In the early 1700s three Gale brothers, CHRISTOPHER (1680 - 1735), EDMUND (Bapt. 1790 - 1738), and MILES (1682 - 1715) also came to North Carolina. These brothers were sons of Miles and Margery Stone Gale of Yorkshire and relatives of the Gale family of Whitehaven, Cumberland. [SEE CHAPTER 2]

Another member of this family may have been on HENRY GALE (Living Between 1686 - 1702) of Yorkshire, who was living in Edenton, Chowan County, NC and had three children: John (ca. 1686 - ??), Edmund (ca. 1702 - ??), and Elizabeth (ca. 1702 - ??) (North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol. VII, No. 1, 2/1981; Probate Records in Chowan Co., NC, Bound Miscellaneous Papers, 1694 - 1799)
DESCENDANTS OF CHRISTOPHER, EDMUND & MILES GALE OF NC [Continued from James Gale of Thrintoft, Yorkshire]
VII. Miles (1645-47 - 1720) m. Margaret Stone/s ca. 1678 [See James Gale of Thrintoft, Yorkshire]
VIII. Christopher (1680 - 1734-35, NC) migrated to NC, m. (1) Sarah Catherine Laker Harvey (2) Sarah Catherine Littleton Ismay.
IX. Elizabeth (abt. 1704 - ??) m. Henry Clayton
IX. Penelope (1706 - ??) m. William Little in 1726
IX. Miles (1702 - Aft. 1748) m. Hannah Wilcot Yeales in 1723 at Boston & had children
X. Miles Jr. (1724, Chowan, NC - 1763) m. Martha Vail/Vale (Abt. 1725 - ??)
X. Sarah/Susan (1727-29, Boston - 1795) m. (1) Thomas Corprew in 1747 & (2) William Skinner in 1748
IX. Christopher (Before 1701 - ??)
IX. John (Before 1701 - ??)
IX. Miles (Before 1701 -??)
VIII. Miles (1682, Keighley - Aft. 1715, NC) migrated to NC, m. Elizabeth Farnaby
VIII. Thomas (Bapt. 1685 - Living 1714) [See James Gale of Yorkshire]
IX. Possibly William (?? - ??)
IX. Edmund Jr. (Abt. 1725 - ??) m. Jane Minors on 2/20/1752, according to the Moore Register, St. George's Parish, and Bermuda
IX. Roger (Abt. 1730 - ??)
VIII. John (Bapt. 1692 - ??) [See James Gale of Yorkshire]
VIII. Mary (Bapt. 1687 - ??) [See James Gale of Yorkshire]
VIII. Edmund (Bapt. 1690 - ??) migrated to NC, m. Mary (Unknown)
VIII. CHRISTOPHER GALE, ESQ. (1680 - 1735), born on 6/7/1680, was baptized on 6/15/1680 at St. Michael-le-Belfrey, Scruton-Grimes, North Riding, Yorkshire, England. He was the eldest son of Miles Gale (1645 - 1720) Rector of Keighly, and his wife, Margery Stone. Said to have had at least some schooling, he acquired knowledge of law as clerk to a country attorney at Lancaster before immigrating to North Carolina around 1698-99.

On 1/17/1701 Christopher married (1) SARAH CATHERINE LAKER HARVEY (1689 - Abt. 1730), daughter of Benjamin Laker, Lord Deputy and Justice of Perquiman's County, and widow of Deputy Governor Thomas Harvey. In June of 1702 Christopher appeared on a list of tithables for Perquimans County and served as one of the first vestryman for St. Johns Parish, Carteret Precinct, Beaufort, in 1723. He was also a vestryman for St. Thomas Parish in Bath, and prior to the establishment of a church there in 1734, Christopher offered his plantation,
Kirby Grange, as the site for church meetings. "At Major Gale's . . . the people met each Sunday, where a young gentleman, a lawyer, was appointed to read prayers and a sermon, they having no minister." He was also active in the promotion of religious worship and wrote several papers on witchcraft.

A letter from Christopher to has father from Roanoke, NC, appears below. Attributed to one William Gale, it appeared in Volume 22, pg. 732 - 735,
Colonial and State Records of North Carolina. No evidence was found for a William Gale living in North Carolina during that period and information contained in the correspondence makes it likely that Christopher was the author. One likely explanation is that William was Christopher's middle name. (

Drawing of Christopher Gale
Hon'd Father:
Y'rs rec'd off Feb. 18th, 1702-3, ye 30th off July, 1703, w'ch gives me an Acc't off ye Recp't off my first L're (as y'u call itt). I am sorry Fortune has laid me open to ye censure off such Ingratitude to soe Indulgent a Fath'r by ye miscarriage of att least 4tres from divers ports, one off w'ch came P. Mr. Burton, along with Cos'n Betty's, dated at Riquotan, upon James River, Virg'a. I cood wish Bro. Miles were w'th me Just now, for Tomorrow's ligh I sett out upon an Indian Voiage, in ord'r to followe a shallop's load off Indian goods, w'ch I sent away about 2 Months agoe for Cape Fare River, w'ch Voiage wood make him an expert Carolina Caoster, & Inure him soe far to ye Customes & language off ye Heathen, as to make him a well qualify'd Ind. Trader, by w'ch Imploym't…he may wecure for himselfe a Comfortable being in ye world. Iff he comes, he shall not want Imploym't, butt I wood advice y'u to lett him marry before he comes away, provided he can marry a Fortune that wood encounter ye dangers off ye Atlantick Ocean, one penny in England is 3 w'th us, iff well laid out, & iff he cood butt bring w'th him 2 or 300ll. w'th a wife, I cood putt him in ye way to live as happy as ye day is long. Marriage att ye best is butt a happy or unhappy chance…

All sorts of English goods are here verry valuable, Especially Nails, Carpenters' Tools, Hows, Axes, all sorts off linings, powder & shott, hatts, stockings & what else is requisite to make a sortable store. I had like to have come to some trouble by sending Mr. Burton home from his pretended Master (w'ch I did out off Respect to his Fath'r & Moth'r, seeing him in y't miserable condicon), butt I did not want Friends in these American desarts, to repay him in his owne Coine, haveing ye favour off soe hon'ble a Friend as his Excl'y off Virg'a. I am hearty sorry to heare Cos'n Pen is made a Freewoman off America, few off ye naturals or natives off ye Country (wheth'r y'u'l call 'em) but sooner or later having ye hon'r to be salivated…Att pres't, have my health verry well, am in some Esteem among my sup'rs, & enjoy what is nescesary. Our greatest grievance is want off Books & pleasing Conversation, next to y't off ye immense distance betwixt y'u & us…

As to an Acc't off our Country (shall refer itt till our meeting, & hope by that time to be as capable off doeing itt as any in ye Goverm't as to what relates to ye Heathen & ye desarts they Inhabit. Roanoke is ye place off my pres't settlem't, off w'ch as to ye state of Religion I wish I cood give a more laudible charact'r. The Quakers are here verry numerous, butt as for Independant Anabaptists, Presbeterians & oth'r sectarys, they have little or noe place here. Most who profess themselves D'rs & Atturneys are Scandalls to their profession. Impudence & notorious Impertinence make up their Charact'r…The Decay off Christian piety is in such large Characters y't he y't runs may read.

The 2d off Jan. last It pleas'd God to make me happy in a Son, who beares ye name off his Grandfath'r, butt he's still ye unhapinesse to be unchristned, to my great greeife. The onely Minist'r we have had off ye Ch. off E. haveing left us before my Son was borne…" He also mentioned that he had engaged in a partnership to trade with the Indians and "Iff things proceed well, I shall see England…next Summer, but dare not promise; iff I come, I come.

Not long agoe a Young Gent. y't lives in ye house w'th me was in Rappahanock Riv'r, Virg'a, where he tells me he heard of foure or 5 off our Name, most off 'em M'rs off ships from ye No. parts off England, butt he had noe opportunity off seeing y'm. I shood gladly have gone soe far to have seen 'em, butt…I am otherways Ingag'd. He desired one Coll'll Corber to know iff they were any ways Related to me, butt ye Coll'll told him he cood not find they were, or y't they knew any thing of me, only they were sensible of one Family of their Name in ye No. to which they did not know butt I might belong. Mr. Eser Gale & sev'll off ye name live in N. Engl'd. I have freq't Correspondence by L'res from Boston, sometimes trading to those parts, butt have noe knowledge off ye Gale's onely by oth'rs. I hope ere long to see N. England.

Whitehaven ships are noe good way to send to me by, we haveing noe Commerce in to those parts where they freq't, unlesse by chance. London ships are ye best, & bound for Yorke River, whith'r I trade, & have a settled Correspondence. Yo'r safest way will be to direct for me as before, to be left w'th Mr. John Bates, Merch't, upon Skimino Creek in York River, Virg'a. He will be very carefull off any thing y'u send, & he's ye best opportunity off sending into our parts, by reason off his receiving Consignments from me. Bro. Blighton, P. whome y'r last was directed, w'ch came saife, is dead, & my sister marry'd againe.

As to what y'u desire to know off ye Ind's, some are Civil & some barbarous, they using ye Seabord. They live in small Townes and barke Cabbins, pallisado'd in w'th 2 or 3 Rows of Stakes; every Towne or nation hes its perticular King & different language; they have some notion of ye Flood, butt verry obscure. They offer ye First Fruits of every thing they eat to ye Devil, by whome they cure deseases & act severall strainge things, as laying ye wind, &c. Ye nations I am as yett acquainted with are, the Portes, Leites, Nazimumbs, Choans, Maherins, Pampticoughs, Bay Rivers, Marchipooongs, News Rivers, Cores, Corennines, Connamocksocks, w'th all w'ch (ye Cores & Corennines excepted) & ye Tuscaroorays, have verry Free commerce w'th.

I give y'u many thanks for y'r Care in my businesse, & hope (iff itt succeed) to have power to retalliate itt. Iff any of our Country be minded to Travel I will be as serviceable to 'em as I can; soe with my humble service to all where due, w'th our kind love to all my Relations, Bro's & Sist'rs, &c., & duty to y'r self & Moth'r…

Y'r ever dutifull Son & Serv't,

Aug't 5th, 1703. From Perquimans River, in ye County of Albemarle, No. Carolina.
Interestingly, another mention of William Gale appears in the following passage from the book by George Washington Paschall who wrote about Daniel Brett, the first missionary sent to North Carolina.

Nothing is known of the work he did in North Carolina. For the first six months of his residence here he behaved himself with propriety, as he had most probably done at his home in England. But after this he fell into a life of sin and wickedness, indulging in excesses so awful that his friends refrained from naming them, Governor Walker declaring that he behaved himself 'in a most horrid manner,' while William Gale declares that 'he was ye monster of ye age.' The friends of the Church felt that he did lasting injury to their cause with the colonies, and he doubtless did. But what is more serious Brett's conduct was most harmful to the religious and moral life of the Province in general. With the Quakers the only organized body of Christians in the Province, with little or no preaching by Independents such as Baptists and Presbyterians, the irreligion of the province was deplorable. Even the most respectable members of society lived such lives as to be cried out against. 'Most who profess themselves doctors and attorneys are scandals to their profession. The decay of Christian piety is in such large characters that he who runs may read.' So wrote William Gale from Perquimans in 1703. (Paschall, George Washington)

In 1706 Christopher Gale was shown in North Carolina court records in a suit against an associate, John Lawson (1674 - 1711), for money owed to him. Lawson, a Yorkshireman, was the son of Dr. John Lawson (1632 - ca. 1690) and his wife Isabella Love. His granduncle was Vice-Admiral Sir John Lawson of Scarborough, Yorkshire, whose family owned estates near Kingston-on-Hull.

Among his early endeavors, Gale traded furs with the Indians and in 1707 joined Lawson and another partner to establish a gristmill. He also held various diplomatic commissions including serving as one of eight Lords Proprietors' Deputies, of North Carolina. In 1703 he became Justice of the General Court and the following year was appointed Attorney General of North Carolina. In 1708 a rebellion sparked by removal of then Governor Thomas Cary resulted in Gale leaving North Carolina and residing in Virginia for two years along with associates Thomas Pollock and William Glover. In 1712 Christopher became Judge of the Admiralty Court of North Carolina and Chief Justice of Providence and all the Bahama Islands in 1721. He was also the North Carolina collector of customs for the ports of Roanoke (Edenton), Beaufort and Currituck, and the state's first Chief Justice of North Carolina from 1711 to 1718 and 1720 to 1729. He also served as the Library Commissioner. In 1721, Gale was recommissioned as chief justice of North Carolina and moved his family to Edenton. In 1729 he was appointed as one of the commissioners to run the boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina, an expedition chronicled by William Byrd of Westover, who gave nicknames to the principals, referring to Gale as "Judge Jumble." (Boyd, William K.)

John Lawson became Surveyor-General of North Carolina and while visiting in London met Baron Christoph von Graffenried, a member of a Swiss company of merchants who had formed a joint-stock company for the purpose of colonizing the Carolinas. Lawson became involved in the establishment of the colony and von Graffenried became its director. An agreement between the company and London officials led to the transport of 650 Palantines to America, where the Swiss company had agreed to set aside 250 acres for each family and to furnish provisions and other necessities for a year. Christopher Gale and John Lawson, as officials of North Carolina, were charged with furnishing provisions to the colonists and according to plan, land was purchased, ships were outfitted, colonists were recruited and a permanent Swiss settlement in Carolina was launched. Unfortunately, Gale and Lawson were unable to provide adequate food and shelter, making living conditions difficult. In addition, the aggressive tactics employed to acquire land for the colonists led to problems with the Indians, who claimed they had been treated unfairly.

During this time Lawson had arranged with Christopher Gale and Christoph Von Graffenried, then the leader of the Swiss colonists at New Bern, to join him on a trip up the Neuse River. Gale cancelled the trip since his wife and brother had been stricken with yellow fever; but Lawson and Von Graffenried, accompanied by two Negro slaves and two Indians, left in a canoe and headed up the Neuse River. The party was captured by hostiles only two or three days into the journey and taken to the nearby Tuscarora town of Catechna. After questioning by two separate councils of the Indian tribes, Lawson and Von Graffenried were sentenced to death. The latter threatened reprisals by the Queen of England if he was harmed and was ultimately spared, although imprisoned for several weeks. Lawson, however, was tortured and killed.

Problems with the Indians began as early as 1701 when Indians of the Pamlico River area complained to John Lawson that settlers on their lands had threatened them for hunting near their plantations. Despite Lawson's attempts at reconciliation the situation worsened, leading to an uprising. In 1709 Gale, as Receiver General of North Carolina, traveled to Charles Town, South Carolina, under orders by then Governor Edward Hyde to secure military aid against the Indians. On his return trip, he was captured by the French who held him briefly on the island of Martinique as a prisoner of war. Meanwhile, on 9/22/1711 the Indians carried out a massacre aimed at destroying every plantation in Bath County. When Gale returned home in July 1712, he was made major and later colonel of the Bath County Militia and was also appointed as Chief Justice of the General Court, a postion he held with only brief interruption until 1731.
As an early land owner in North Carolina, Gale resided in Perquimans County for a short while and on 5/10/1700, he received a grant of 315 acres of land on the east bank of Adams (Back) Creek, which was then called the East Branch of Old Town Creek. He probably moved to Pamlico County in the summer of 1700 and in Septermber of that year purchased another 52+ acres of land adjoining his grant from Henry Warren of Pamlico.

In 1706 John Lawson and Joel Martin, both of the Town of Bath, sold to two lots to Christopher Gale, Esq., County of Albemarle, one a ½ acre lot on "front street of Bath Town" bounded by Richard Odeon, Jr. The purchase price was £1 and witnesses were Levi Truewhitt and Ed. Pearce. The transaction was acknowledged at court held at Bath Town on 10/20/1706.

In 1712, Christopher's brother Edmund joined him and acquired 300 acres at New Port Sound on 1/24/1713 described as, "joining ye Mouth of Broad Creek and ye creek side." Witnesses were Thos. Pollock, T. Boyd, N. Chevin, Wm. Reed, C. Gale and T. Knight. On the same date, Edmund purchased 520 acres on Newport Sound "to ye Southward of Topsail Inlet, joining ye Mouth of a small creek, ye Sound, and ye woods." (Albemarle County, Patent Book 2/378, #1482) Witnesses were Thos. Pollock, Thos. Boyd, Nath. Chevin, Wm. Reed, C. Gale and T. Knight. On 10/14/1715, Christopher sold his brother, described as Edmund Gale, Gentleman, of the precinct of Pascotank, County of Albemarle, an 870 acre plantation in Beaufort Precinct, Bath County, for £75. The land was patented by Henry Smith and bounded on the north by the Pamtico River and on the east by Broad Creek. Witnesses were Fred. Jones, Dan'll. McFarlan and Tim'o. Godfrey.

Site of Christopher Gale's plantation (Photo, Gayle Mandell, 1998)
An original pastel of Christopher Gale by Henrietta Johnson is in the possession of his lineal descendant, William P. Little, Esq., of Raleigh, North Carolina. Gale's eyes are blue, his wig is white, his robe scarlet, his stock white, and his stole is black. The book titled History of North Carolina, Volume 2, by F.L. Hawks, contains an engraving by E. Wetzler, inscribed "Christopher Gale C J of N C."

IX. MILES (1/2/1702 at Kirby Grange - 1761) married Hannah (Abram) Wilcot Yeales, widow of Nehemiah Yeales, on 10/24/1723 at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.
IX. ELIZABETH (Ca. 1704 - ??) married widower Henry Clayton sometime after 2/1718-19 and had a daughter, Mary Clayton (1725 - 1768).
IX. PENELOPE (2/22/1706 - ??) married (1) William Little (1692, Boston, Massachusetts - 1734) in 1726. William graduated from Harvard University in 1710 and while visiting England met Christopher Gale, who persuaded him to move to North Carolina. He settled in Edenton and was appointed Attorney General in 1725 and Receiver General of Quit Rents in 1726. Also during that year he married Christopher's daughter, Penelope. He was made Clerk of the General Court and Chief Justice in 1732. At his death in 1734, he left his mill at Hoskins to his daughter, Penelope, and around 1732 Penelope Gale Little married (2) Dr. Matthew Hardy, surgeon for the Colonial troops during the Revolutionary War.
IX. THEOPHILIS (1708, Yorkshire - ??)
STEPSON THOMAS HARVEY (?? - 1729) son of Sarah Laker Harvey Gale. The will of Thomas Harvey, Perquimans County, dated 4/10/1729 and probated on 11/10/1729, mentions sons Thomas, John, Benjamin and Miles Harvey. It also mentions "brother" Miles Gale of Boston; sisters Elizabeth Clayton and Penelope Little, wife of William Little; brother-in-law, Col. Robert West; and nieces Martha, Sarey and Mary West (daughters of Robert). Other legatees were James Sitterson; William Tetterton; John, son of John Cole of Nansemond, Virginia; Joshua Wherry, son of Anthony Wherry; Elizabeth Wherry, daughter of Anthony Wherry; Edward Moseley and Thomas Pollock. Harvey's wife Elizabeth was made executrix. According to the will of Edward Salter, merchant of Beaufort, North Carolina, dated 7/15/1734, Thomas Harvey was married to Elizabeth Salter. The will noted that £2000 was owed to Miles Gale, son of Captain Miles Gale of Edenton [Christopher's brother]. It directs Elizabeth Harvey, wife of Thomas Harvey, also known as Elizabeth Salter, to sell or give to Miles Gale one mare and colt and two cows and calves before 4/1/1732. Executors of Harvey's will were Miles Gale, William Little, Edward Moseley, Thos. Pollock and John Lovick. Witnesses were Thomas Norcomb, Richard Sutton, John Wiat, Charles Denman and John Mitchell.

IX. MILES GALE, ESQ. (1702 - 1761), named for his grandfather, Miles Gale, rector of Keighley, was born in 1702 to Christopher and Sarah Laker Harvey Gale at Kirby Grange, outside the town of Edenton, North Carolina. Miles married HANNAH WILCOT YEALES (Abt. 1706 - ??) widow of Nehemiah Yeales of Suffolk County, Boston, on 10/24/1723 in a marriage ceremony performed in Bath County by Joseph Sewall. They had two known children.

Miles was sailing to New England by 1722 when the following ship arrivals and departures were published in
The New England Courant.

From Monday June 18, to Monday June 25, 1722: Custom House, Boston. Entred Inwards:
Tuck and Stone from New Hamshire, Joseph Allen, William Green, John Prince, Ebenezer Davis, Josseph Gorham from Connecticut, John Sampron, Hosea L'hommedieu, Benjamin L'hommedieu, and Jonathan Bayly from Long Island, John Daskins from New York, John Barttlett from Nova Cesaria, Francis Frederick from Annapolis Royal, William Mason from Maryland, Jonah Doty, Miles Gale from North Carolina, Thomas Lathrop from Madera, John Peck from Martineco, John Anthony from Exon.

From Monday April 9. to Monday April 16. 1722: Cleared Out.
Sammel Butler for New Bristol, John Chancy, Bar. Lothrop and John Knowles for Connecticut, John Hood, and Richard Shute for Canso, William Beekman, James Coden, and John Theobald for New York, Paul Starbuck, Miles Gale, and Thomas Rogers for North Carolina, Ebenezer Gardiner for South Carolina, William Winter for Newfoundland, Ebenezer Fisher for Suranam, Isaac Matthews for Antigua, Thomas Lethered for London.

Miles and Hannah lived for a time in Boston as evidenced in the will of his step-brother, Thomas Harvey of Perquimans County, dated 4/10/1729 and proved 11/10/1729. Harvey mentions "brother" Miles Gale of Boston and sisters Elizabeth Clayton and Penelope Little, wife of William Little. Other legatees included James Sitterson; William Tetterton; John, son of John Cole of Nansemond, Va.; Joshua Wherry, son of Anthony Wherry; Elizabeth Wherry, daughter of Anthony Wherry; Edward Moseley and Thomas Pollock. Harvey's wife Elizabeth was named as executrix and executors were Miles Gale, William Little, Edward Moseley, Thomas Pollock and John Lovick. Witnesses were Thomas Norcomb, Richard Sutton, John Wiat, Charles Denman, and John Mitchell.

On 1/29/1727 the will of Ruth Sanderson, widow of Col. Richard Sanderson of Little River, bequeathed two Negroes to Miles Gale of Boston, relatives Thomas Harvey, Penelope Little and Elizabeth Clayton. Previously one Bazil Sanderson of Antigua and North Carolina, an associate of Miles' father Christopher during the time he was Chief Justice of Providence and the Bahama Islands, wrote a will dated 1/7/1722. Sanderson stipulated that he was to be buried at Edenton in the lot of Col. Christopher Gale. The relationship between Bazil and Ruth and Richard Sanderson is unknown, but their wills suggest they were of the same family.

On 11/9/1734 Captain Miles Gale made a formal request to be appointed as a pilot to take vessels through the treacherous waters of Ocracoke inlet. The
Virginia Historical Magazine published an affidavit written by Miles in 1738 confirming that two Spanish Privateer Sloops were operating in the waters of North Carolina. "Affidavit of Capt. Miles Gale of Edenton, Mariner, giving an Account of the taking of two Sloops a little without the Bar of Ocacock the 27th of April last, by two Spanish Privateer Sloops, which are daily to be seen of the Bar."

On 7/15/1734 the will of Edward Salter, merchant, of Beaufort, North Carolina, was proved and stated that £2000 was owed to Miles Gale, son of Captain Miles Gale of Edenton. It directed Elizabeth Harvey, wife of Thomas Harvey, also known as Elizabeth Salter, to sell or give to Miles Gale one mare and colt and two cows and calves before 4/1/1732. Miles Harvey and John Lovick were also mentioned in the will.

On 2/27/1739 an Act for Navigation for the Province of North Carolina mentioned Miles Gale.
AN ACT for facilitating the Navigation of the several Ports of this Province and for Buoying and Beaconing the Channels leading from Ocacock Inlet to Edenton Bath Town and Newbern and from Topsail Inlet to Beaufort Town and other Ports and Inlets within said Province herein mention'd and for Providing sufficient Pilots for the safe conduct of Vessels

Whereas considerable losses have happened to Divers Merchants and others who have sent Vessels and Traded to the several and respective Ports of Bath and Roanoak by reason of the Badness and Difficulty of the Channels leading to the said Places the want of Buoys and Beacons sufficient Pilots and all other due encouragement to Navigation whereby the Trade and Interest of that Part of the Province is much impair'd and Decayed and its Credit much lessen'd; for Remedy whereof for the future and to make easy the Navigation to the said several Places and to Promote the Trade thereof, We pray it may be enacted,

And be it Enacted by his Excellency the Governour the Council and general Assembly that all and every sum and Sums of Money that shall hereafter become due on Account of the Powder Money for Port Roanoak and Port Bath as also such Powder Money arising by any Vessel or Vessels coming into Nuce River shall be appropriated and applied for Buoying and Beaconing out the Channels leading from Ocacock Inlet to Edenton Bath Town and New berne and such Powder Money as shall hereafter become due in Port Beaufort be appropriated and Applied for Buoying and Beaconing out the Channel from Topsail Inlet to Beaufort Town or Tituses Point in such manner as by this Act is hereafter mention'd and express'd, any Law Usage or Custom to the contrary notwithstanding.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That Captain William Downing Captain Miles Gale Mr. Joseph Blount and Mr. John Blount for Port Roanoak and Col. John Snead Mr. Benjamin Peyton Mr. Samuel Sinclare and Captain Richard Evans for Port Bath and Col. William Wilson Captain George Roberts and Captain Daniel Shine for Newberne and Captain Mabson and Col. Thomas Lovick and Mr. Edward Ward for Old Topsail shall be and hereby appointed Commissioners or Trustees to Manage and apply all the said Money to the use aforesaid and shall have full Power and Authority to contract and agree with any Person or Persons to Inspect and search the Channels to find out the best and Deepest water and to fix Buoys and Beacons where they shall think the same necessary to facilitate the Navigation to the respective Places aforesaid; And are hereby also Authorized and empowered to Buy contract and sent for Buoys Beacons and all other materials necessary and convenient about Buoying and Beaconing the said Channels to the said Places, and employ workmen and generally to Act and do in the same as to them shall seem requisite and expedient to be done.

And be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the said Comissioners of each and every respective Port or Place or the Major Part of them shall have Power and are hereby authorized from time to time and at all times when they shall think Proper to Demand and receive from the Powder Receiver or Receivers of the respective Ports of Roanoak and Bath all sum and sums of Money That shall be in his or their Hands or all such Powder Money as shall arise by any Vessel or Vessels coming into Nuce River from time to time in the hands of the Powder Receiver of Port Beaufort to Apply to the uses aforesaid; which said Powder Receiver or Receivers are hereby Directed to pay the same accordingly Deducting what is due to them for receiving the same According to the Act of Assembly in that case made and Provided.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That the Comissioners or the Major Part of them shall with all convenient speed and as soon as may be get and Provide Buoys Beacons and all other necessary materials and employ and agree with some Person or Persons to undertake the Buoying and Beaconing the said Channels; which said undertaker or undertakers shall give good and sufficient security for his or their faithfull Performance of the same for finding out the best and Deepest Water and properly and Securely Placing and Fixing all necessary Buoys and Beacons.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That the Commissioners or any of them, the undertaker or undertakers or any Person or Persons employed about the same shall have Liberty to cut Down take and make use of any Wood or Timber growing or standing on any Persons Land adjacent or convenient to them for the use of Buoying Beaconing or otherwise as shall be by him or them wanted for the better accomplishing the Business aforesaid.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that when the said Channels shall be Buoy'd and Beacon'd and other matters requisite and expedient for facilitating the Navigation to the Places aforesaid shall be Done, The said Commissioners shall find and Provide two good and Sufficient sailing Boats at Ocacock Inlet and shall agree with some Person or Persons as Pilot or Pilots who shall keep a good look out and go over the Bar to any Vessel or Vessels he or they shall Discern at Sea and making for the Inlet when Possible for Boats to go out and shall bring such Vessel or Vessels over the Bar and shall Navigate take care of and safely conduct all Vessels to the said respective Ports or Places from Ocacock Inlet aforesaid; and shall from time to time Inspect and search the said Channels and shall keep and maintain the said Buoys and Beacons in good Repair and shall as often as he or the shall find the said Channel or Channels to alter or Shift or change, report the same to the Commissioners aforesaid and shall receive and observe the Directions of them or the Major Part of them therein; which said Person or Persons Pilot or Pilots so employed by the Commissioners aforesaid shall give good and Sufficient Security in a Competent sum well and truly to Perform the Business aforesaid; and if he or they shall thrô Negligence or want of Skill suffer any Vessel to be hurt or Damaged in any of the Channels aforesaid, he or they shall be lyable to an Action on the case for the Damages sustain'd; which said Person or Persons so employed by the Commissioners as a Pilot or Pilots shall be Recomended by the said Commissioners to the Governour or Commander in Chief for the time being for his Approbation.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the Commissioners or the Major Part of them shall apply the said Monies to pay such Person or Persons so employed to Navigate and Pilot the said Vessels as aforesaid, and shall Build (if the Major Part of them shall think Proper) a Convenient Dwelling House on Ocacock Island for the said Pilot or Pilots on the Land appointed for Publick use, any Law Usage or Custom to the contrary notwithstanding; and shall also on a Sufficient Complaint turn out and remove the said Person or Persons so employ'd and put others in his or their room and Place.

And be it Further Enacted by the authority aforesaid That the Commissioners for Port Beaufort are hereby Authorized and impower'd to Apply such Powder arising by any Vessel or Vessels coming into Old Topsail Inlet for the Buoying and Beaconing out the Channel from Topsail Inlet to Beaufort Town or Tituses Point in such manner as to them shall seem most expedient and to employ such Person or Persons Pilot or Pilots as they shall think fir; which Person or Persons Pilot or Pilots so employed are hereby Declar'd to be Subject to the same Rules and restrictions as the Persons or Pilots from Ocacock Inlet to the Ports and Places aforesaid are by Virtue of this Act.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That no Master or Commander or other Person belonging to any Vessel whatsoever trading into this Government shall cast or throw overboard into any of the Channels or Navigable waters leading into any of the Harbours or Parts of this Government or into any Navigable Rivers or Creeks within said Ports any Stones or other Ballast whatsoever under the Penalty of one Hundred Pounds for every such Offence, to be recover'd by Action of Debt Bill Plaint or Information in any Court of Record in this Province, wherein no Esoin Protection Injunction or wager of Law shall be allowed or admitted of. And if any Person or Persons shall remove Displace pull down or Destroy any Buoy Beacon or other mark hereafter to be fixed in or near the Channels aforesaid, he or they shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay one Thousand Pounds to be recover'd in manner aforesaid; which said forfeitures shall be one half to the Informer or him or them that will sue for the same, and the other Moiety to be paid to the Commissioners to be applied to the uses aforesaid.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That no Vessel or Vessels arriving in any of the aforesaid Ports shall from and after the Ratification of this Act be exempt from Paying Powder Money on Account of Importing any Quantity of Salt whatsoever, excepting all Vessels Built or owned in this Province, who shall be liable to pay no more than they were by former Acts of Assembly any Law usage or Custom to the contrary notwithstanding. And all and every Vessel or Vessels arriving into any of the Ports aforesaid, the master or Commander shall pay or secure to the paid at or before the said Vessel shall clear out to the Powder Receiver five Shillings Proclamation Money for every Ship or Vessel forgoing to Roanoak and two Shillings and sixpence or Equivalent in Bill Money for every Ship or Vessel going to Bath Newbern or Beaufort for every foot water his said Vessel shall Draw, which said money Deducting five per cent for receiving shall be paid on Demand by the Powder Receiver of each Port to the Commissioners to be applied to the uses aforesaid, and the Comissioners are hereby also liable to Account to the general Assembly when required Deducting their reasonable Expences and charge and five per cent for their trouble which they are hereby empower'd to take and receive.
And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that upon the Death removal or Refusal of any of the aforesaid Commissioners to Act, the Governour or Commander in Chief for the time being is hereby empower'd to appoint others in his or their stead and Place.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that as soon as the Channel shall be Buoy'd and Beaconed from Ocacock Inlet thrô the Swatch into Pamplico Sound, the Commissioners of Port Roanoak Port Bath and Newberne Town shall divide and the respective Commissioners of each of the said Ports and Places shall apply the Powder Money of each Port towards the Buoying and Beaconing the Channels to the respective Places aforesaid; but all Buoys and Beacons and all other Necessary charges in keeping and maintaining the said Buoys and Beacons and facilitating the Navigation from Ocacock Inlet through the Swatch, shall be paid and Defray'd equally out of the Powder Money of Port Bath and Port Roanoak as also the Powder Money arising by any Vessel or Vessels coming into Nuce River.

And be it Further Enacted that if any Pilot or Pilots shall refuse to take the charge of any Vessel or Vessels, or shall Demand and take any fee or Reward from the Master of any Vessel or any other Person whatsoever for doing his Duty imposed by this Act, or what he shall agree to do with the Commissioners by Virtue of this Act, shall fordeit and pay the Sum of one Hundred Pounds Proclamation Money to be recover'd and applied in Manner aforesaid.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all the Powder Money which hereafter shall become due in the Port Currituck shall be applied by the Commissioners appointed by this Act for such Purposes as they shall judge most Proper and convenient for facilitating the Navigation thereof.

And be it Further Enacted that William Mackey Henry White and Stephen Williams be and are hereby appointed Commissioners for the said Port who are hereby Vested with as full Power and Authority as is given by this Act to any of the Commissioners herein before named and appointed.
And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all the Powder Money which hereafter shall become due for Vessels coming into Bear Inlet in Port Beaufort be applied by the Commissioners appointed by this Act for such Purposes as they shall Judge most Proper and convenient for facilitating the Navigation thereof.
And be it Further Enacted that Abraham Mitchel John Dudley and John Huggins be and are hereby appointed Commissioners for the said Inlet who are hereby Vested with as full Power and Authority as is given by this Act to any of herein before nam'd and Appointed.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that all the Powder Money on Vessels which hereafter shall become due for Vessels coming into the Port of Brunswick be applied by the Commissioners appointed by this Act for such Purposes as they shall judge most Proper and convenient for facilitating the Navigation thereof.

And be it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid That Roger Moore Esqr. and William Dry Samuel Woodward Esqr. Captain Edward Hyrne Captain James Jones be and are hereby appointed Commissioners for the said Port, who are hereby Vested with as full Power and Authority as is given by this Act to any of the Commissioners herein before named and appointed.

CO 5/333, fs. 24b-27
Repealed by an act of 1748. State Records, 23:296.

Hannah Gale was living on 11/4/1740 when she appeared with Sarah Clayton and George Parris as a witness to the will of John Pratt, Gentleman, of Bertie County, North Carolina, proved 8/2/1742. George Parris was most likely the son of a friend of the Gale family since on 11/11/1734 Zeb Clayton, husband of Miles' sister Elizabeth and guardian of George Parriss, wrote a receipt for slaves to Captain Miles Gale, former guardian of George Parriss. Another acquaintance was William Twigg, Joyner (sic), of Edenton in Chowan County, who named his friend Captain Miles Gale as executor on his will dated 6/20/1741. Miles Gale himself died sometime after 1741.

X. MILES, JR. (7/8/1724, Chowan, NC - 1763) married Martha Vail/Vale (Abt. 1725 - ??) at Chowan County on 8/6/1745.
X. SARAH/SUSAN (8/2/1729 in Boston, Suffolk, MA. - 3/29/1795) married (1) Thomas Corprew in Chowan Co., NC on 8/10/1747. Bond was given on 7/31/1747 by Miles Gale, Jr., Witnesses were Henry Ester Delon. She married (2) William Skinner of Perquimans County on 5/27/1748. In January of 1754 Saml. Sutton petitioned to receive a legacy left by the will of Thomas Corprew (husband of Sarah Gale) to Mary Buncomb, "now the wife of yr. Petitioner."
10/8/1754: Valuation of legacy left by will of Thomas Corprew (husband of Sarah Gale) to Miss Mary Buncomb, the late wife of Samuel Sutton.

X. MILES GALE, JR. (7/8/1724 - 1763) was born on 7/8/1724 in Chowan County, North Carolina, to Miles and Hannah Yeales Gale. On 8/6/1745 he married MARTHA VALE, also in Chowan County. Bondsmen were Jno. Alston and James Craven and witnesses were Edmund Hatch and Zach Chancey. No children were found.

In 1740 Miles was named in the will of John Pugh, Gentleman (1724, Nansemond County, Va. - 1740, Bertie County, NC), dated 4/14/1740 and proved 8/5/1740. Pugh mentioned his wife Hannah, brothers Theophilus and Daniel and his son John, born in Bertie County. Executors were his brothers, Theophilus and Daniel Pugh, and witnesses were Abrah Blackhall, Miles Gale and James Craven. On 6/7/1743 Miles Gale and Jos. Blount of Edenton gave security in the will of John Mann, Jr. who left an estate of £2,000. Administrators were Morris and Martha Baum of Currituck and witnesses were Jno. Craven and John Flood. On 8/24/1744 Miles Gale, William Benbury, Jas. Campbell and John Harloe were witnesses at the marriage ceremony of Thomas Norcom and Martha Harler. On 1/14/1747 Miles Gale and James Craven were appointed as executors in the will of John Hull, Gentleman, of Edenton.

Miles Gale Jr. filed the following petition referring to the 1739 Act of Navigation that named his father, who was living in 1748.

The Humble Petition of Miles Gale son of Miles Gale Esqr. Of Edenton deceased

That on the 27th day of February in the Year of Our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and thirty Nine by Virtue of an Act of Assembly of this Province intituled an Act for the regulating the Pilotage and for Buoying the Several Chanels leading to the Several Ports of Newbern Bath and Roanoke and Other Purposes therein Mentioned Several Commissioners were Appointed by the said Act of Assembley to treat and Agree with a Proper Person or persons to Purchase and Erect Bouys and Beacons for the better facilitating the Navigation of the Several Ports aforesaid that by Virtue of the said Act the Commissioners Agreed with Your Petitioners father to Purchase Buoys and Errect Beacons at the Most Proper places leading through the Several Channels Aforesaid and Agreed with the said Miles Gale deceased to pay him one thousand pounds per Annum for his Trouble in keeping a Boat and Moving and taking Care of the said Buoys and Beacons as Often as there Should be Occasion Videlicet the Commissioners for Newbern L166..13s..4d the Commissioners for Bath L166..13s..4d and the Commissioners for Port Roanoke L166..13s..4d for Buoying and Beaconing the Barr Swash and Other Shoals at and Near the Swash the Commissioners of Sport Roanoke L500 More for Buoying and staking the Chanels and Shoals from Long Shoal to Edenton that your Petitioners Father did by Virtue of his Agreement Purchase Buoys and Errect Beacons and kept them in good Order from the time of his Appointment by the said Commissioners until the 4th day of April 1748 When the Assembly was pleased to pass an Order that he should be dismist from his said Employment that at the time he was dismist thare not being a Sufficient fund to pay him his Salery to that time for want of a Sufficient Number of Vessels coming in to and having Arrived at the Several Ports Aforesaid there was and is Still due to Your Petitioner in right of his father deceased the Sum of L239..15s..10d Virginia Money from the Several Ports Aforesaid as may by the Particular Accounty More fully and a Large Appear

Wherefore Your Petitioner Humbly Prays Your Honorable House to take the Matter into your Consideration and to Give me Such Relief as in Your great Wisdom shall seem Mett.

Miles Gale
On 8/22/1754 Captain Miles Gale was appointed as commissioner in the district from Edenton to Hoskins Mill and also during that year served as captain in the Chowan County Militia, later under the Honorable Francis Corbin. The following list of men commanded by Captain Miles Gale was taken on 11/26/1754. James Luten, Thomas Bonner, John Ross, John McKilda, Samuel Davis, Richard Rogers, John Bennett, John Robinson, Joseph Blount, Charles Blount, Solomon King, Wm. Jackson, Robert Jackson, Jacob Worrel, Joseph Hues, Able Minson, Daniel Goldsmith, Wm. Bonner, Thomas Bonner, John Rumbough, Jermiah Mitchins, Wm. Budham, John Luten, Thomas Luten, Nathaniel Howard, George Liles, James Hubbard, John Chaland, Arthur Allen, Joseph Champion, Francis Foye, Samuel Luten, Elisha Parker, Wm. Reed, John Vaun, Milwin Dickes, John Jones, Anthony Jones, John Hubbard, Robert Williams, Wm. Luten, John Arnold, John Astie, John Cooper, Robert Wallace, Thomas Hoskins, James Hurst, John Holeham, Robert Gibson, James Swinsand, Abel Miller, James Grice, Caleb Gardner, James Gardner, Wm. Jones, Thomas Egilston, Henderson Luten, Richard Smith, John Stockley, Lewis Jones, Saml. Gregory, Thomas? ackel.

On 9/6/1754 Miles Gale and his wife Martha of Chowan County sold to Richard Brownrigg, merchant, 1420 acres adjacent to Henry Spellar, deceased, Cogswell and Domini at Chickery Pocoson adjacent Edward Smithwick, Edward Smith, Martin Griffin and John Harloe. These parcels were deeded on 9/14/1733 by John Lovick, executor of the will of Thomas Betterley, to Miles Gale, late of Edenton, father of the said Miles Gale. Martha Gale relinquished her dower rights. The deed was witnessed by Martin Gale and Barker Swain and recorded in Bertie County in 1755. Also in 1755 Miles Gale was appointed Sheriff of Chowan County and on 5/3/1755 he received a Commission as Vendue Master for Chowan County. Miles Gale, Jr. died on 2/17/1763 in Edenton.
From my camp on ye South Side of Pamplico 15 miles above Bathtown, Feb'ry 25, 1711 - 12

May it please yoR HonR

No doubt but you admire that in all this time you hear no news of Major Gale who I'm afraid is either cast away or taken, for this government did not know one word of me until I brought the news myself, and accordingly no provision made for us...

I am yoR most humble serv't
John Barnwell
Honored Sir

Upon letters received from his Excellency the present Governour Eden, and My Eldest son Chr. Gale I sent for son Tho. To come over, and resolve ether to go into the West Indies (as kindly invited both by the Governour and his Eldest Brother) or write his excuse, he has chose to do the latter. The work is of that nature, as I was no hindrance to his going, and could wish to go myself, (tho now aged 67) rather then Heathenisme, or any other schisme from the Church of England should prevail 3 of my sons upon their own choice, have gone to Carolina, where two of them are well married, and one dead. I have made all the enquiry in my power after some to go as Missionaries, they like the terms but dread the Voyage, and the heat of that Climate, I heartily wish, and hope Religion may be taken care for in that Heathenish Country, by those in whose power it is. Desiring my service may be made acceptable to that Honorable Society, praying for all yr. Healths and happiness I conclude Worthy Sir yr. Very humble Servant.

Miles Gale Rector
De Kighley
Letter from Miles Gale, Rector of Keighley, 4/22/1715.
To the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts
Letter from John Barnwell, 2/25/1711-12, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. VI,
Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Year ending June 1899)
Christopher, Edmond, and Thomas Gale were alive at the time this letter was written, therefore Miles is the deceased son.

The will of Miles/Myles Gale of Edenton, Chowan County, NC, dated 2/17/1701, mentioned sons Christopher, John and Miles. Executors were Francis Corbin, Esq., and George Little, Esq. Witnesses were Samuel Bayley, Robert Lenos, and John Baum.

IX. MILES JR. (Before 1701 -??)
IX. CHRISTOPHER (Before 1701 - ??)
IX. JOHN (Before 1701 - ??)

VIII. EDMUND GALE (BAPT. 1690 - 1738), son of the Reverend Miles and Margeret Stones Gale of Farnley Hall, Leeds, was baptized on 9/26/1690 at St. Andrews, Keighley, Yorkshire. He married MARY (UNKNOWN) ca. 1720 and had two known sons, Edmund and Roger Gale.

Edmund left England in the early 1700s, settling in the Pascotank district of Albemarle County, North Carolina, where on 1/24/1713-14 he purchased 300 acres in New Port Sound, "joining ye Mouth of Broad Creek and ye creek side." Witnesses were Thos. Pollock, T. Boyd, N. Chevin, Wm. Reed, C. Gale and T. Knight. On the same date he purchased 520 acres on New Port Sound "to ye Southward of Topsail Inlet, joining ye Mouth of a small creek, ye Sound, and ye woods." Witnesses again were Thos. Pollock, Thos. Boyd, Nath. Chevin, Wm. Reed, C. Gale and T. Knight. (Albemarle County, Patent Book 2/378)

On 10/14/1715 Edmund purchased an 870 acre plantation in Beaufort Precinct, Bath County, from Christopher for £75. Witnesses were Fred. Jones, Dan'll. McFarlan and Tim'o. Godfrey. On 5/2/1716 Edmund sold 870 acres on the north side of the Pamtico River between Goose Creek and Broad Creek, commonly called Barrs Plantation, to Christopher. It was noted that the land was purchased by Edmond from Barr who purchased the tract from Henry Smith, the patentee. Witnessses were Gyles Shute, Jno. Drinkwater and James Vaughn. [Whether this was the same tract or an another 870 acre tract is not known.]

On 5/30/1721 Edmund was appointed as guardian of the son of John Hecklefield, Gentleman, and between 1721 and 1725 he served as the registrar of deeds for Pasquotank County. On 10/28/1728 he purchased 1300 acres on a branch of Mattacomack Creek, later known as Pembroke. Edmund moved to Chowan before March of 1730/31 and in 1735 purchased 146 acres on Queen's Creek from Issacher Branch. He was among seven men who held the office of judge of the North Carolina vice-admiralty court in the thirty years between 1729 and 1759. The others were Edmond Porter, John Hodgson, Joseph Anderson, Francis Corbin, Henry McCulloch and William Ross. With the exception of McCulloch, all were appointed by the governor and Council, with appointments subject to review by the High Court of Admiralty of England.

Both Edmund and Christopher Gale were named as attorneys in the will of Ayliffe Williams of Westminster, England. The will, written on 11/22/1734 and proved on 5/2/1735, stated that Williams was "lately of North Carolina in America, planter, now residing in Westminster." In it he noted all "moneys due from my attorneys Christopher and Edmund Gale, Esqrs. of North Carolina, the receipt for which is in hands of David O. Sheal of Nansemond County in Virginia according to my Book B., to my executors." Williams owned land on New River, which he willed to be sold, and noted that Mr. Henry Nean of Compton Street, St. Ann's, Westminster, was "to be paid what I owe him and £10." He also made bequests to Mr. James Webb "of Broad Street behind the Royal Exchange, prewig maker, £10." He left the rest of his estate to "my mother Mrs. Esther Williams of Old Gravel Lane, Wapping., "if she dies, among my brother John Williams and my sister Esther Taylor, who are to assist the children of our unhappy brother Daniel as they see occasions." Executors named were Mr. Henry Nean and Mr. James Webb. Witnesses were Oliver Farmer and William Coumbe. (Withington, Lothrop)

Edmund Gale died in 1738. His will, dated 12/6/1738, was proved on 1/27/1738 before W. Smith at Chowan Precinct. His estate, valued in excess of £800, included 11 slaves. He bequeathed the use of his personal estate to his wife Mary with power to dispose of any of it, including NEGRO SLAVES GAY, BROWN and NEW CESAR. Sons Edmund and Roger were to receive the remainder of the estate, with Edmund inheriting the plantation following the death of his mother and Roger receiving the lots in Edenton provided his mother had the use of the buildings and houses erected on them. Mary Gale was named as executor and witnesses were Thos. Blount, Henry Bonner, and Jos. Anderson.

On 6/27/1739 a summons was issued to Mary Gale, executor of Edmond's will, to present an account of Gale's guardianship of the estate of James Hazard, orphan of Roger Hazard. In July of the same year, Mary was ordered to present accounts. Again in July, one James Wallace, the Elder, filed a petition against Mary Gale, Executor of Edmund Gale and on 7/3/1739 a summons was issued to Mary to answer a plea of trespass by Wallace. On 7/24/1739 an attachment was issued to James Wallace in the same case. In April of 1740 Mary was again summoned to court to present security as guardian to the two children of Edmund Gale. On 7/18/1740 a report of the examination of the executor of Edmond Gale was filed by the court. Mary died sometime between 2/24/1751 and 7/18/1753 in Chowan County.

IX. EDMUND, JR. (Abt. 1725, probably Pasquotank County, NC - ??) married Jane Minors on 2/20/1752, according to the Moore Register, St. George's Parish, Bermuda.
IX. ROGER (?? - ??), second son of Edmund Gale, owned lots 6 and 7 in Edenton.



Owner CHRISTOPHER GALE, ESQ. (1680 - 1735): HANNAH, a wench, and SYPHAX, a Negro boy. - (Will of Christopher Gale, 2/17/1734 -12/4/1735; Secretary of State Records, North Carolina Wills, 1663 - 1789, North Carolina Archives).
Owner EDMUND GALE (BAPT. 1690 - 1738): 11 slaves including GAY, BROWN & NEW CESAR. (Will of Edmund Gale, dated 12/6/1738 and proved 1/27/1738, Chowan Precinct)
Owner CHRISTOPHER GAYLE (Living 1790): 8 un-named slaves: On 2/15/1794 Christopher was named with Robert Parker and Samuel Smith on a land transaction when Josiah Parker and wife Oma sold 37 ½ acres to James Parker on the south side of Mills Swamp beginning at a live oak. Boundaries included a corner tree on James Riddick's line, Shephard's line, a new line made by Josiah and James Parker, and a new line to the swamp and down the swamp. (Gates County, NC, Deed Book 3)
Owner CHRISTOPHER GALE: Negro man, HARRY, about 28 years old: Sold by Christopher Gale on 1/18/1798 to ISAAC PIPKIN, SR. for £90.

Owner MILES GALE, ESQ. (1702 - AFTER 1741) OF BOSTON, son of CHRISTOPHER GALE, ESQ. (1680 - 1735): On 1/29/1727 the will of RUTH SANDERSON, widow of COL. RICHARD SANDERSON of Little River, bequeathed two un-named Negroes to Miles Gale of Boston.


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On 5/1/1714, Christopher Gale Esq. of Bath, purchased 640 acres on the Bare River and established his plantation, Kirby Grange, where he lived for over a decade. The property was described as joining a "live Oak Hammock inye Marsh at a bay side next to Bare River called Gales Bay." Witnesses were Thos. Pollock, Thos. Boyd, N. Chevin, Wm. Reed and T. Knight. (Albemarle County, Patent Book 2/378, #1482) He jointly owned a horse mill and house locatedon his plantation in partnership with Dr. Maurice "Luellyn" and John Lawson.
On 10/15/1716 Gale sold a portion of the property to Maurice Moore, Precinct of Perquimins, County of Albemarle, for £300. The tract was described as 275 acres on the east side of Old Town Creek. He also sold to Moore 335 acres of woodland "lying in Pocosin on the back of said plantation" and surveyed for Gale by Mr. Pat Maule, surveyor, and since patented by Gale. Witnesses were John Lillington, Jno. Porter and Jno. Drinkwater. He and Sarah must have moved to Bath Town soon afterward. His daughter, Elizabeth, was to acquire the property from her father, "for and in consideration of the natural love and affection I have and bear to my daughter Elizabeth Gale."

On 3/13/1715, Christopher purchased another 635 acres in Bath County from Henry Clayton, Gentleman, of Perquimans, for £120. The property, known as Smith's Point, later Maul's Point, was formerly owned by Thomas Cary, Gentleman, and bounded on the east by Nevill's land, on the west by Tyler's, and on the north by the Pamtico River. Witnesses were Thomas Harding, Robert Hicks and Edward Moseley. He sold this tract on 4/30/1716 to Robert Campaine. Witnesses were Jno. Drinkwater and Thos. Harding.

In 1716 Gale purchased a "town house" and several lots on Bay Street near Governor Charles Eden. (Lots #16,16F, 17, 17F, and 48 on Chart No. 2, Plan of Bath Town showing lot owners from 3/25 - 10/20/1717; John Gray Blount Papers; State department of Archives and History, Raleigh, NC) During the year, there were several transactions involving the town lots between Gale and various individuals noted in the following time line.

2/20/1716: Gale sold to Col. Maurice Moore for 5 shillings (if Moore will fence in the remainder) part of Lot #17 and the adjacent lot #16 belonging to Gale and described as "1/2 lot, 10 ft. breadth, running length of lob, which part adjoins half lot belonging to said Maurice Moore, where his dwelling house now stands." Witnesses were Jno. Porter, and Jno. Drinkwater.
5/25/1716: Christopher Gale, Esq. to Joseph Morgan, of Boston, Mariner, for 5 pounds, "within mentioned lot of land" (?). Wit: Tho. Harding, Jno. Drinkwater.
10/1/1716: "Act of Assembly . . ." Thomas Harding and John Drinkwater, Commissioners, to Joseph Morgan of New England, mariner, for 40 shillings, front lot in Bath Town, not improved, formerly conveyed to Christopher Gale who did not comply as act directs, lot #13, bounded on north by lot of Joanna Peterson, south by lot of Edw'd. Travis, west on Bay Street, with front lying on creek side between Bay Street and creek running parallel to lot. Morgan to build house of required dimensions in one year from date or deed void. Wit: Gyles Shute, Robert Green."
12/1/1716: "Maurice Moore, Bath Co., Gent. To Christopher Gale, Bath Co., Esq., for £10, lot and front, one-half acre in Bath Town, #16, bounded to south on Patrick Maule's lot and to the north on half a lot belonging to said Christopher Gale. Wit: Tho. Harding, Jno. Drinkwater."
3/25/1717: "... John Porter and John Drinkwater, two of Commissioners appointed by said act for the sale of said lots in said town, to Christopher Gale, Bath Co., for 30 shillings, 1/2 acre Lot, #48, not improved, bounded on north on lot #47 belonging to Maurice Moore, Esq., south on Craven St., east on Carteret Street, west on lots #15, 16. If Christopher Gale does not build a habitable house on lot fifteen feet square, or in proportion to that dimension within one year, above conveyance void. Wit: C. Gale, Thos. Harding. "
3/25/1717 to 10/20/1717: Gale's lots numbered 16, 16F, 17, 17F and 48 are shown on a plan of the town showing lot owners. The property is located fronting on Church Street and Water Street between Craven and Carteret Streets.

On 12/1/1728 Christopher purchased 185 acres of land adjacent to the Eastern line of the town of Edenton, later known as the "Rope Walk."

In 1717 Christopher visited England to report on disharmony between political factions in North Carolina. In June of that year missionary John Urmstone wrote a spiteful letter in which he told of "one of our great Dons, a clergyman's son in Yorkshire, bearing the great name of Gale," who came to report complaints against the governor. Gale, he said, "has past long for an oracle, gone through all the offices in the Government save that he is said now to push for, i.e., that of the Governor." (Bolton, Portraits of the Founders)

In 1721 Christopher moved from Bath to Albemarle County and at about the same time was made Chief Justice of Providence and the Bahama Islands. He must have retained his house in North Carolina since the will of Bazil Sanderson of Antigua and North Carolina, dated 1/7/1722, stipulated that he was to be buried at Edenton in the lot of Col. Christopher Gale. On 1/29/1727 the will of Ruth Sanderson, widow of Col. Richard Sanderson of Little River, bequeathed two Negroes to Miles Gale of Boston and mentioned relatives Thomas Harvey, Miles Gale, Penelope Little and Elizabeth Clayton. Members of the Gale family had connections in New England and they and some of their associates held positions in the Caribbean Islands and became important members of the planter aristocracy.

In 1723 Christopher Gale was appointed to the Council of Governor George Burrington in North Carolina and was among the first Commissioners. His relationship with Burrington was less than compatible and in 1724 Gale enraged the governor by upholding the validity of a writ of arrest that Burrington contested. An affidavit by Mrs. Gale stated, "That on Sunday morning 25th of August, 1724, hearing a great noise at the door as if somebody were breaking in, got up & looking out found it was Govr Burrington; he broke the windows and swore he would burn the house; he would have the dogg her husband by the throat and threatened to fetch a Barrell of Gunpowder and blow up the house." On another occasion Burrington threw a glass at Gale, boasting that he had frightened him out of town when Gale traveled to England to prefer charges against Burrington for the assault against his house. He was successful in the governor's removal and in his own reinstatement as chief justice, an office Burrington maintained he had forfeited. He also presided over the General Court until Burrington's return in 1731.

About 1730 Christopher's first wife died and in 1733 he married (2) SARAH CATHERINE LITTLETON ISMAY, widow of his friend John Ismay and daughter of Alexander and Elizabeth Clayton Littleton. Sarah Littleton was married five times. Her first husband was James Hodges who died about1722 and her second was Robert Lord who died around 1726. Her third husband was John Ismay, her fourth was Christopher Gale, and her fifth was Dr. Samuel Ploomer whom she married in 1746.
Christopher died in 1735 and was buried in St. Paul's Episcopal Churchyard in Edenton. His will, dated 2/17/1734, stated that he was "born at York, in the Kingdom of Great Britain, but now Collector of his Majesty's Customs at the port of Roanoak in North Carolina, age fifty four years." He wrote, "to All my friends I leave my hearty prayers & Good wishes, To my Enemys forgiveness & prayers for their Repentance for the many ill offices done me." He left to Sarah Catherine everything that was hers at the time of the marriage and all the provisions, including tea, coffee, chocolate, sugar, mollasses, rum and other liquors, "in the house at the time of my Death." Sarah Catherine also received the household furniture "at the house in Town" and the use "of my plantation up the Creek" purchased from Mr. Thomas Lovick. The plantation was to descend to son Miles Gale with the stipulation that he pay the sum of £30 to his sister Penelope Little within a year of Sarah Catherine's death. He was also to pay £20 to Mary, daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Clayton, deceased, at the age of 18 or on the day of her marriage. [Mary Clayton was Christopher's granddaughter.] Executors named were his "loving Wife Sarah Katherine Gale", brother Edmond Gale and son Miles Gale.

Others mentioned in the will were granddaughter Sarah Clayton, daughter of Elizabeth Clayton, deceased, and granddaughter Penelope Little, to whom Christopher left the two lots in Edenton (No. 30 and 31) that belonged to Thomas Betterley, deceased, purchased by deed dated 1/17/1729. He also named nephew and godson Edmond Gale, nephew Roger Gale, and friends David Osheal of "Nancimond in Virga" [Nansemond County, Virginia] and William Badham of Edenton, Gentleman, who were left a Mourning Ring, valued at 1 Guinea, "as tokens of my friendship & Grattitude for all their fine offices." Witnesses to the will were Edward Moseley, Esq., Lewis Allaire and Margret Alleare/Allaire. Slaves mentioned were HANNAH, a wench, and SYPHAX, a Negro boy. (Original Will of Christopher Gale, 2/17/1734 -12/4/1735; Secretary of State Records, North Carolina Wills, 1663 - 1789, North Carolina Archives). Christopher's brother, Edmund Gale, appeared in court and took his oath as executor at Edenton on 3/12/1734.

St. Paul's Episcopal Churchyard, Edenton, NC

VIII. MYLES/MILES GALE, ESQ. (1682 - Abt. 1711) was born to Miles and Margaret Stones Gale in 1682 and followed his brothers, Christopher and Edmund, to North Carolina where Miles married ELIZABETH FARNABY (Abt. 1686 - ??) and had three children born before 1701 according to their father's will. A mariner, Miles died sometime around 1711 as referenced by the letters below.
His Excellency Arthur Dobbs Esqr. (Captain) General Governor and Commander in Chief in and over Said Province. To Miles Gale Esqr. Greeting.

Know Ye that I reposeing especial trust and Confidence in Your Loyalty, Skill and ability, Do by these presents Constitute and appoint you the Said Miles Gale sole Vendue Master for the County of Chowan to Have; Hold Exercise and Enjoy the Said office During pleasure together with all the Rights; fees; Perquisits; Priviledges; and emoluments thereunto belonging: or anywise appertaining;

Given at Edenton under my hand and Seal this 3d of may Anno Domini 1755.
(Signed: Arthur Dobbs)